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post-partum angiopathy

Björn Machner, Tobias Boppel, Thomas Münte
Background Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is an important differential diagnosis of singular or recurrent thunderclap headache. Prognosis is generally good, however complications of the transient segmental vasospasms of cerebral arteries such as stroke, subarachnoidal hemorrhage and brain edema may worsen the clinical outcome. Although the exact pathomechanism is still unclear, various vasoactive substances and conditions (e.g. post partum) have been identified as triggering RCVS. Cases We report on the clinical course and management of two cases of typical RCVS that were associated with two different precipitants previously not described: A gastrointestinal infection and isoflavones, which are phytoestrogens used for menopausal vasomotor symptoms...
April 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Pooja Gupta, Anshu Rohatgi, Samir Patel
Post-partum angiopathy is grouped within the category of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes. It is considered to be a rare but under-recognized cause of stroke especially in pregnancy. We present the case of a 24 year old female who presented with hemiparesis and seizure, and turned out to be a case of post partum angiopathy.
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
P Berlit
Neurological disorders caused by pregnancy and puerperium include the posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, the amniotic fluid embolism syndrome (AFES), the postpartum angiopathy due to reversible vasoconstriction syndrome, and the Sheehan syndrome. Hypertension and proteinuria are the hallmarks of preeclampsia, seizures define eclampsia. Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets constitute the HELLP syndrome. Vision disturbances including cortical blindness occur in the posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES)...
February 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
C Kim
Gestational diabetes mellitus reflects impaired maternal insulin secretion relative to demand prior to pregnancy, as well as temporary metabolic stressors imposed by the placenta and fetus. Thus, after delivery, women with gestational diabetes have increased risk of diabetes and recurrent gestational diabetes because of their underlying impairment, which may be further exacerbated by fat accretion during pregnancy and post-partum deterioration in lifestyle behaviours. This hypothetical model is discussed in greater detail, particularly the uncertainty regarding pregnancy as an accelerator of β-cell decline and the role of gestational weight gain...
March 2014: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
A M Mortimer, M D Bradley, M Likeman, N G Stoodley, S A Renowden
Several diverse neurological conditions may be seen during pregnancy and the post partum period. These usually require neuroimaging for definitive diagnosis and range from a predisposition to neurovascular abnormalities, such as acute ischaemic stroke and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, through to more specific pregnancy-related conditions, such as eclampsia/posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy and post-partum angiopathy. Additionally, the pregnant patient is predisposed to pituitary disease. It is necessary that the radiologist has an awareness of these conditions to allow swift specific diagnoses or suggest the most appropriate diagnosis when imaging findings are non-specific...
May 2013: Clinical Radiology
D Leys
PURPOSE: The incidence of cerebral ischemia occurring between 15 and 45 years of age is of 60 to 200 new cases per year per million inhabitants. The causes of cerebral ischemia consist of complications of atherosclerosis, cardio embolism, small-vessel occlusion, other determined causes and unknown causes. The breakdown of the causes differ from that of elderly subjects with a prominence of "unknown causes" and "other determined causes". KEY MESSAGE: The association of a patent foramen ovale and an interatrioseptal aneurysm is a marker of an increased risk of recurrence...
September 2003: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Peter Zunker, Kirstin Golombeck, Joachim Brossmann, Dimitrios Georgiadis, Günther Deuschl
We report of a woman with post-partum cerebral angiopathy (PCA), in whom we repetitively performed transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD), MR imaging (MRI), and MR angiography (MRA) to evaluate the underlying pathophysiology. A 31-year-old woman, Gemini pregnant, complained of severe throbbing frontal headache four days after an uneventful delivery by Cesarean section. Blurred vision occurred eight days after delivery, followed by three generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Neurological examination revealed a somnolent woman without focal neurological deficits...
September 2002: Neurological Research
B Grüninger, H A Schoon, D Schoon, S Menger, E Klug
The morphology of endometrial blood vessels in uterine biopsy specimens from mares of varying age and reproductive status was examined by light (n = 117) and electron microscopy (n = 13), and additionally after elastase digestion (n = 86). Inflammatory vascular alterations were observed in 20.5% of the specimens. Smaller and larger arterial and venous vessels demonstrated mild to severe degenerative lesions. Unaltered vessels were detected only in maiden mares. Vessels in older maiden mares were frequently affected by angiosclerotic changes, characterized by mild to moderate perivascular and intimal sclerosis...
October 1998: Journal of Comparative Pathology
G Biesenbach
During the past years perinatal mortality in diabetic pregnancy has been lowered significantly, in special collections with highly motivated diabetic women even below 2%. In case of optimal metabolic control and absence of diabetic angiopathy the perinatal survival rate is identical to that in normal pregnancy. But adequate metabolic control cannot be reached in all pregnant women during the whole period of gestation, and pre-existing diabetic angiopathy exists frequently; therefore diabetic pregnancy will be associated with elevated perinatal mortality and morbidity also in the future...
1996: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
I Ben Hamouda-M'Rad, A Mrabet, M Ben Hamida
We report a retrospective study of 60 patients aged from 18 to 46 years, pregnant or parturient, with ischemic cerebrovascular accident. The hospital incidence was 3.6 cases per year. The prevalence was 0.70 per 1,000 childbirth in Tunis area. 3/4 of these cerebrovascular accidents occurred in the post partum period and 1/4 in the pregnancy. Gravidic toxemia and sepsis were the most frequent risk factors. The cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) (55%) were almost as frequent as cerebral ischemic accidents (CIA) 45)...
October 1995: Revue Neurologique
C Hiault, P Dequiedt, O Benoit, C Dognin, J C Monnier, M Cotteel, F Puech, J L Leroy, A Tacquet, M Delecour
The authors report two cases of post-partum cortical renal necrosis. The diagnosis was made on clinical and biological criteria (severe, prolonged oliguria, the signs of intra-vascular coagulation defects, a rise in L.D.H. and anaemia with micro-angiopathy. It is confirmed by selective renal arteriography and renal punch-biopsy. There is a threefold method of treatment: --of the kidney condition by repeated haemodialysis and diuretics; --antihypertensive treatment; --treatment aimed at the aetiological pathology (heparin, anti-platelet aggregation and fresh plasma)...
1982: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
D Michel, C Vial, J C Antoine, B Laurent, M Portafaix, M Trillet
Presenting symptoms in 4 patients with acute benign cerebral angiopathy were headaches over several days, with a transient neurologic disorder in two cases. Angiography showed diffuse and segmental distal narrowing alternating with dilatations. In one patient, the radiologic anomalies persisted to a milder degree in the same region 2 months later, while the reduced cerebral blood flow failed to return to normal. The pathophysiology of this syndrome would appear to result initially of vasospasm in particularly reactive subjects, especially young women...
1985: Revue Neurologique
F Fischer
Retinopathy appeared during pregnancy, mostly in the last trimester, in 20 female diabetics. In some cases the retinopathy reappeared during the subsequent pregnancy, whilst in other cases it skipped one or two pregnancies. The retinopathy was mostly of a mild form and, in about half the cases, disappeared spontaneously post partum. In the remaining cases it remained stationary or subsided to a great extent, but certainly did not become progressive. Forms of angiopathy other than retinopathy remained in the background...
August 12, 1977: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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