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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454208/barrier-effects-of-remote-high-mountain-on-atmospheric-metal-transport-in-the-eastern-tibetan-plateau
#1
Haijian Bing, Jun Zhou, Yanhong Wu, Xiaosan Luo, Zhongxiang Xiang, Hongyang Sun, Jipeng Wang, He Zhu
Anthropogenic metals adsorbed on suspended fine particles can be deposited on remote and inaccessible high mountains by long-range atmospheric transport. In this study, we investigated the cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in the soils, mosses and rainfall of three transects on the Gongga Mountain, eastern Tibetan Plateau, to understand the mountain interception effects on their atmospheric transport. The concentrations of Cd and Pb in the soils and mosses displayed a pattern of eastern transect>northern transect>western transect...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453689/sustained-sensorimotor-control-as-intermittent-decisions-about-prediction-errors-computational-framework-and-application-to-ground-vehicle-steering
#2
Gustav Markkula, Erwin Boer, Richard Romano, Natasha Merat
A conceptual and computational framework is proposed for modelling of human sensorimotor control and is exemplified for the sensorimotor task of steering a car. The framework emphasises control intermittency and extends on existing models by suggesting that the nervous system implements intermittent control using a combination of (1) motor primitives, (2) prediction of sensory outcomes of motor actions, and (3) evidence accumulation of prediction errors. It is shown that approximate but useful sensory predictions in the intermittent control context can be constructed without detailed forward models, as a superposition of simple prediction primitives, resembling neurobiologically observed corollary discharges...
February 16, 2018: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453502/parenting-wisely-six-months-later-how-implementation-delivery-impacts-program-effects-at-follow-up
#3
Katie Cotter Stalker, Roderick A Rose, Martica Bacallao, Paul R Smokowski
We evaluated the effectiveness of the Parenting Wisely (PW) program 6 months post intervention and assessed differences based on delivery format. Using a quasi-experimental design, parents (N = 311) participated in the PW program in one of five formats (i.e., parents-only intensive workshop, parents-only 5-week group, parents and adolescents 5-week group, parent and adolescent online, and parent-only online format). An additional 53 parents served as a comparison group. We used the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Violent Behavior Checklist to measure family functioning, parenting, and adolescent behavior...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453038/psychopathic-personality-traits-as-a-form-of-dispositional-capability-for-suicide
#4
Joye C Anestis, Michael D Anestis, Olivia C Preston
The capability to enact lethal self-harm has recently been highlighted as a critical risk factor for suicidal behavior. Klonsky and May's (2015) three step theory of suicide (3ST) expanded upon the construct of the capability for suicide by dividing it into categories: dispositional, acquired, and practical. The current study examined constructs of Patrick and colleagues' (2009) triarchic model of psychopathy as indicators of dispositional capability in gun owners, a sample at heightened risk for death by suicide (Anestis and Houtsma, 2017)...
February 13, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451947/a-wild-bootstrap-approach-for-the-aalen-johansen-estimator
#5
Tobias Bluhmki, Claudia Schmoor, Dennis Dobler, Markus Pauly, Juergen Finke, Martin Schumacher, Jan Beyersmann
We suggest a wild bootstrap resampling technique for nonparametric inference on transition probabilities in a general time-inhomogeneous Markov multistate model. We first approximate the limiting distribution of the Nelson-Aalen estimator by repeatedly generating standard normal wild bootstrap variates, while the data is kept fixed. Next, a transformation using a functional delta method argument is applied. The approach is conceptually easier than direct resampling for the transition probabilities. It is used to investigate a non-standard time-to-event outcome, currently being alive without immunosuppressive treatment, with data from a recent study of prophylactic treatment in allogeneic transplanted leukemia patients...
February 16, 2018: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451830/quality-of-life-and-african-american-women-who-are-family-caregivers-a-literature-review-with-implications-for-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-registered-nurses
#6
Shaquita A Starks, Freida Outlaw, J Carolyn Graff, Wendy Likes, Shelley White-Means, Laura Melaro, Mona N Wicks
PURPOSE: To identify factors affecting the quality of life (QOL) of African American women (AAW) family caregivers of individuals with kidney failure. METHODS: Ferrans' Conceptual Model of QOL provided the framework for this literature review. Included studies were (a) peer- reviewed, (b) published within the last ten years, (c) written in English, and (d) examined QOL of AAW family caregivers. Using CINAHL© and PubMed©, we found 14 studies that described factors associated with these caregivers' QOL...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451429/perceived-injustice-in-chronic-pain-an-examination-through-the-lens-of-predictive-processing
#7
Daniel A Bissell, Maisa S Ziadni, John A Sturgeon
Chronic pain conditions have been shown to be exacerbated by psychological factors, and a better understanding of these factors can inform clinical practice and improve the efficacy of interventions. The current paper investigates perceived injustice, a novel psychosocial construct, within a framework influenced by the tenets of predictive processing. The proposed conceptual model derived from tenets of predictive processing yields a single hierarchical self-reconfiguring system driven by prediction, which accounts for a wide range of human experiences such as perception, behavior, learning and emotion...
February 16, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451313/drivers-and-mechanisms-of-tree-mortality-in-moist-tropical-forests
#8
REVIEW
Nate McDowell, Craig D Allen, Kristina Anderson-Teixeira, Paulo Brando, Roel Brienen, Jeff Chambers, Brad Christoffersen, Stuart Davies, Chris Doughty, Alvaro Duque, Fernando Espirito-Santo, Rosie Fisher, Clarissa G Fontes, David Galbraith, Devin Goodsman, Charlotte Grossiord, Henrik Hartmann, Jennifer Holm, Daniel J Johnson, Abd Rahman Kassim, Michael Keller, Charlie Koven, Lara Kueppers, Tomo'omi Kumagai, Yadvinder Malhi, Sean M McMahon, Maurizio Mencuccini, Patrick Meir, Paul Moorcroft, Helene C Muller-Landau, Oliver L Phillips, Thomas Powell, Carlos A Sierra, John Sperry, Jeff Warren, Chonggang Xu, Xiangtao Xu
Tree mortality rates appear to be increasing in moist tropical forests (MTFs) with significant carbon cycle consequences. Here, we review the state of knowledge regarding MTF tree mortality, create a conceptual framework with testable hypotheses regarding the drivers, mechanisms and interactions that may underlie increasing MTF mortality rates, and identify the next steps for improved understanding and reduced prediction. Increasing mortality rates are associated with rising temperature and vapor pressure deficit, liana abundance, drought, wind events, fire and, possibly, CO 2 fertilization-induced increases in stand thinning or acceleration of trees reaching larger, more vulnerable heights...
February 16, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450599/a-typology-of-satisfaction-with-mental-health-services-based-on-andersen-s-behavioral-model
#9
Marilyn Fortin, Zhirong Cao, Marie-Josée Fleury
OBJECTIVE: Patients with mental disorders (MDs) form a highly heterogeneous group, whose satisfaction with mental health services (MHS) may vary according to different variables. Identifying patient subgroups with similar levels of satisfaction may help identify variables that contribute to satisfaction or dissatisfaction with services. This study established a typology of patient satisfaction with MHS that revealed variables specific to each group. METHODS: The study included 325 patients with MDs across four health service networks offering integrated and diversified services...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449797/dual-deep-modeling-multi-level-modeling-with-dual-potencies-and-its-formalization-in-f-logic
#10
Bernd Neumayr, Christoph G Schuetz, Manfred A Jeusfeld, Michael Schrefl
An enterprise database contains a global, integrated, and consistent representation of a company's data. Multi-level modeling facilitates the definition and maintenance of such an integrated conceptual data model in a dynamic environment of changing data requirements of diverse applications. Multi-level models transcend the traditional separation of class and object with clabjects as the central modeling primitive, which allows for a more flexible and natural representation of many real-world use cases. In deep instantiation, the number of instantiation levels of a clabject or property is indicated by a single potency...
2018: Software and Systems Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449796/formalization-of-the-classification-pattern-survey-of-classification-modeling-in-information-systems-engineering
#11
Chris Partridge, Sergio de Cesare, Andrew Mitchell, James Odell
Formalization is becoming more common in all stages of the development of information systems, as a better understanding of its benefits emerges. Classification systems are ubiquitous, no more so than in domain modeling. The classification pattern that underlies these systems provides a good case study of the move toward formalization in part because it illustrates some of the barriers to formalization, including the formal complexity of the pattern and the ontological issues surrounding the "one and the many...
2018: Software and Systems Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449451/conserved-and-divergent-molecular-and-anatomic-features-of-human-and-mouse-nephron-patterning
#12
Nils O Lindström, Tracy Tran, Jinjin Guo, Elisabeth Rutledge, Riana K Parvez, Matthew E Thornton, Brendan Grubbs, Jill A McMahon, Andrew P McMahon
The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney, but the mechanism of nephron formation during human development is unclear. We conducted a detailed analysis of nephron development in humans and mice by immunolabeling, and we compared human and mouse nephron patterning to describe conserved and divergent features. We created protein localization maps that highlight the emerging patterns along the proximal-distal axis of the developing nephron and benchmark expectations for localization of functionally important transcription factors, which revealed unanticipated cellular diversity...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448934/from-theoretical-concepts-to-policies-and-applied-programmes-the-landscape-of-integration-of-oral-health-in-primary-care
#13
Hermina Harnagea, Lise Lamothe, Yves Couturier, Shahrokh Esfandiari, René Voyer, Anne Charbonneau, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the integration of oral health into primary care is still an emerging practice in the field of health care services. This scoping review aims to map the literature and provide a summary on the conceptual frameworks, policies and programs related to this concept. METHODS: Using the Levac et al. six-stage framework, we performed a systematic search of electronic databases, organizational websites and grey literature from 1978 to April 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448800/classical-coherent-two-dimensional-vibrational-spectroscopy
#14
Mike Reppert, Paul Brumer
Two-dimensional (2D) ultrafast spectroscopy is a powerful tool for studying the electronic and vibrational structures of complex systems. Unfortunately, the physical interpretation of these experiments is obscured by conceptual problems in classical response theory, i.e., the divergence of classical nonlinear response functions. We demonstrate that these difficulties are avoided by modeling classical 2D experiments nonperturbatively, illustrating that nonlinear spectroscopy and nonlinear response are not synonymous...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448480/quantum-thermodynamics-from-the-nonequilibrium-dynamics-of-open-systems-energy-heat-capacity-and-the-third-law
#15
J-T Hsiang, C H Chou, Y Subaşı, B L Hu
In a series of papers, we intend to take the perspective of open quantum systems and examine from their nonequilibrium dynamics the conditions when the physical quantities, their relations, and the laws of thermodynamics become well defined and viable for quantum many-body systems. We first describe how an open-system nonequilibrium dynamics (ONEq) approach is different from the closed combined system + environment in a global thermal state (CGTs) setup. Only after the open system equilibrates will it be amenable to conventional thermodynamics descriptions, thus quantum thermodynamics (QTD) comes at the end rather than assumed in the beginning...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447939/the-cardiovascular-robustness-hypothesis-unmasking-young-adults-hidden-risk-for-premature-cardiovascular-death
#16
Lutz E Kraushaar, Alexander Dressel
An undetected high risk for premature death of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among individuals with low-to-moderate risk factor levels is an acknowledged obstacle to CVD prevention. In this paper, we present the hypothesis that the vasculature's robustness against risk factor load will complement conventional risk factor models as a novel stratifier of risk. Figuratively speaking, mortality risk prediction without robustness scoring is akin to predicting the breaking risk of a lake's ice sheet considering load only while disregarding the sheet's bearing strength...
March 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446250/how-do-small-groups-promote-behaviour-change-an-integrative-conceptual-review-of-explanatory-mechanisms
#17
Aleksandra J Borek, Charles Abraham
BACKGROUND: Small groups are used to promote health, well-being, and personal change by altering members' perceptions, beliefs, expectations, and behaviour patterns. An extensive cross-disciplinary literature has articulated and tested theories explaining how such groups develop, function, and facilitate change. Yet these theoretical understandings are rarely applied in the development, description, and evaluation of health-promotion, group-based, behaviour-change interventions. METHODS: Medline database, library catalogues, search engines, specific journals and reference lists were searched for relevant texts...
February 15, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446217/clinical-staging-model-in-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Aigli Raouna, Cemre Su Osam, Angus MacBeth
OBJECTIVE: We sought to systematically review the literature on the psychiatric risk of offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (OPBD) using a developmental psychopathology framework. The review also sought to establish the utility of clinical stage modelling as a framework for identifying precursor disorders to later onset of bipolar disorder (BD) in OPBD. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using EMBASE, PsychINFO and Medline. Reference lists of included studies and previous reviews were also searched...
February 15, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441504/statistical-alchemy-conceptual-validity-and-mapping-to-generate-health-state-utility-values
#19
Jeff Round, Annie Hawton
Mapping between non-preference- and preference-based health-related quality-of-life instruments has become a common technique for estimating health state utility values for use in economic evaluations. Despite the increased use of mapped health state utility estimates in health technology assessment and economic evaluation, the methods for deriving them have not been fully justified. Recent guidelines aim to standardise reporting of the methods used to map between instruments but do not address fundamental concerns in the underlying conceptual model...
December 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440812/-personified-as-paragon-of-suffering-optimistic-being-of-achieving-normalcy-a-conceptual-model-derived-from-qualitative-research
#20
Shalini G Nayak, Mamatha Shivananda Pai, Linu Sara George
Background: Conceptual models developed through qualitative research are based on the unique experiences of suffering and individuals' adoptions of each participant. A wide array of problems are faced by head-and-neck cancer (HNC) patients due to disease pathology and treatment modalities which are sufficient to influence the quality of life (QOL). Men possess greater self-acceptance and are better equipped with intrapersonal strength to cope with stress and adequacy compared to women...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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