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Mohan Penumala, Raveendra Babu Zinka, Jeelan Basha Shaik, Suresh Kumar Reddy Mallepalli, Ramakrishna Vadde, Damu Gangaiah Amooru
BACKGROUND: Extensive epidemiological and clinical studies revealed that Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2D) are most likely to appear simultaneously in aged people as T2D is a major risk factor for AD. Therefore, development of potential multifunctional agents for dual therapy of AD and T2D has received much attention. Buchanania axillaris, Hemidesmus indicus and Rhus mysorensis have been used extensively in popular medicine. The present study was aimed at phytochemical profiling and evaluating multifunctional ability of titled plants in the AD and T2D dual therapy...
March 2, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Mohan Penumala, Raveendra Babu Zinka, Jeelan Basha Shaik, Damu Amooru Gangaiah
Cooccurrence of Diabetes Mellitus and Alzheimer's disease in elder people prompts scientists to develop multitarget agents that combat causes and symptoms of both diseases simultaneously. In line with this modern paradigm and as a follow-up to our previous studies, the present study is designed to investigate the crude methanolic extracts and subsequent CHCl3 , n -BuOH, and H2 O fractions of Acalypha alnifolia , Pavetta indica, and Ochna obtusata for their inhibitory activities towards specific targets involved in AD and DM, namely, acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, and α -glucosidase ( α -Glc)...
2017: BioMed Research International
Sirimal Premakumara Galbada Arachchige, Walimuni Prabhashini Kaushalya Mendis Abeysekera, Wanigasekera Daya Ratnasooriya
Ethanol (95%) and dichloromethane : methanol (DCM : M, 1 : 1 v/v) bark extracts (BEs) and leaf extracts (LEs) of authenticated Ceylon cinnamon (CC) were studied for antiamylase, antiglucosidase, anticholinesterases, and antiglycation and glycation reversing potential in bovine serum albumin- (BSA-) glucose and BSA-methylglyoxal models in vitro. Further, total proanthocyanidins (TP) were quantified. Results showed significant differences (p < 0.05) between bark and leaf extracts for the studied biological activities (except antiglucosidase) and TP...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Tsun-Thai Chai, Chee-Siong Khoo, Chong-Siang Tee, Fai-Chu Wong
BACKGROUND: Alternanthera sessilis is a medicinal herb which is consumed as vegetable and used as traditional remedies of various ailments in Asia and Africa. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the antiglucosidase and antioxidant activity of solvent fractions of A. sessilis leaf and callus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Leaf and callus methanol extracts were fractionated to produce hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water fractions...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Tsun-thai Chai, Loo-yew Yeoh, Nor Ismaliza Mohd Ismail, Hean-chooi Ong, Fai-chu Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Tsun-Thai Chai, Meng-Tee Kwek, Hean-Chooi Ong, Fai-Chu Wong
This study aimed to isolate a potent antiglucosidase and antioxidant fraction from Stenochlaena palustris. Extraction was performed with hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water. Antiglucosidase, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays found methanol extract (ME) to be the most active. Water fraction (WF) of ME was a stronger α-glucosidase inhibitor (EC50 2.9 μg/mL) than quercetin, with weak antiamylase activity. WF was a competitive α-glucosidase inhibitor...
November 1, 2015: Food Chemistry
G J Strous, P Van Kerkhof, R Brok, J Roth, D Brada
Glucosidase II is regarded as a resident protein of the endoplasmatic reticulum. The enzyme removes alpha-1-3-linked glucose from high mannose oligosaccharides N-linked to asparagine residues of glycoproteins. Monospecific antibodies raised against the pig kidney enzyme are used to study the metabolism of the enzyme in a rat hepatoma cell line. These antiglucosidase II antibodies specifically immune precipitate glucosidase II as a 100,000-Da species from [35S]methionine-labeled cells. In addition, protein blotting and immune staining of cell extracts from both rat liver and human and rat hepatoma cell lines show identity in apparent Mr (100,000)...
March 15, 1987: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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