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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330926/detection-of-bovine-deltapapillomavirus-dna-in-peripheral-blood-of-healthy-sheep-ovis-aries
#1
S Roperto, V Russo, F Corrado, J S Munday, F De Falco, F Roperto
Blood samples from 65 sheep were tested for the presence of bovine Deltapapillomavirus (δPVs) DNA. The sheep were divided into three groups. Sheep in groups 1 and 2 were from Sardinia and Campania, respectively, and were in contact with cattle and grazed on lands contaminated with bracken fern. Sheep in Group 3 lived in closed pens and had no contact with cattle. These sheep were fed hay that did not contain bracken fern. Bovine δPV E5 DNA was detected in blood from 24 of 27 (89%) sheep in Group 1. A single bovine δPV type was detected in the blood from nine (33%) sheep, including the detection of bovine δPV-1 DNA in four sheep, bovine δPV-2 in four and δPV-13 in one sheep...
January 12, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330451/tracheophyte-genomes-keep-track-of-the-deep-evolution-of-the-caulimoviridae
#2
Seydina Issa Diop, Andrew D W Geering, Françoise Alfama-Depauw, Mikaël Loaec, Pierre-Yves Teycheney, Florian Maumus
Endogenous viral elements (EVEs) are viral sequences that are integrated in the nuclear genomes of their hosts and are signatures of viral infections that may have occurred millions of years ago. The study of EVEs, coined paleovirology, provides important insights into virus evolution. The Caulimoviridae is the most common group of EVEs in plants, although their presence has often been overlooked in plant genome studies. We have refined methods for the identification of caulimovirid EVEs and interrogated the genomes of a broad diversity of plant taxa, from algae to advanced flowering plants...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329042/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-metabolic-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-taking-clozapine-and-sodium-valproate
#3
Fatemeh Behdani, Seyede Narjes Roudbaraki, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Maryam Tayefi, Paria Hebrani, Amir Akhavanrezayat, Sadegh Vahabi Amlashi, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Omega-3 fatty acid (FA) supplementation has been reported to improve several cardio-metabolic risk factors. We aimed to assess the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids on metabolic and inflammatory indices in patients with schizophrenia who were taking clozapine and sodium valproate. All patients were on a stable dose of 300-400mg of clozapine for 3 months. Subjects were randomized to treatment with either omega-3 fatty acid (4gr/day) or a placebo for 8 weeks. Height, weight, abdominal circumference, serum lipid profile, fasting blood glucose (FBG), and serum high sensitivity-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were determined at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324757/genome-downsizing-physiological-novelty-and-the-global-dominance-of-flowering-plants
#4
Kevin A Simonin, Adam B Roddy
The abrupt origin and rapid diversification of the flowering plants during the Cretaceous has long been considered an "abominable mystery." While the cause of their high diversity has been attributed largely to coevolution with pollinators and herbivores, their ability to outcompete the previously dominant ferns and gymnosperms has been the subject of many hypotheses. Common among these is that the angiosperms alone developed leaves with smaller, more numerous stomata and more highly branching venation networks that enable higher rates of transpiration, photosynthesis, and growth...
January 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324426/a-sweet-solution-the-use-of-medical-grade-honey-on-oral-mucositis-in-the-pediatric-oncology-patient
#5
Ferne T Elsass
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric patients develop mucositis when receiving treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation; the most common and sensitive is oral mucositis. Mouth rinses containing antimicrobial, antihistamine, and analgesic medications are the mainstay for pediatric patients; however, patients often refuse these rinses due to the taste or texture. Also, patients under 1 year of age are unable to use these products. OBJECTIVE: Herein, the improvement of oral mucositis with standard oral care and additional use of active Leptospermum honey in pediatric oncology patients after chemotherapy is demonstrated...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319755/first-record-of-galls-in-the-tree-fern-cyathea-phalerata-cyatheaceae-from-a-tropical-rainforest-in-brazil
#6
R P Farias, E C P Arruda, A C P Santiago, J S Almeida-Cortez, S P Carvalho-Fernandes, L E N Costa, I C L Barros, K Mehltreter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315804/white-matter-tauopathy-transient-functional-loss-and-novel-myelin-remodeling
#7
Joshua Jackson, Gabby Bianco, Angelo O Rosa, Katrina Cowan, Peter Bond, Oleg Anichtchik, Robert Fern
Early white matter (WM) changes are common in dementia and may contribute to functional decline. We here examine this phenomenon in an induced dementia model for the first time. We report a novel and selective form of myelin injury as the first manifestation of tauopathy in the adult central nervous system. Myelin pathology rapidly followed the induction of a P301 tau mutation associated with fronto-temporal dementia in humans (rTG4510 line). Damage involved focal disruption of the ad-axonal myelin lamella and internal oligodendrocyte tongue process, followed by myelin remodeling with features of re-myelination that included myelin thinning and internodal shortening...
January 8, 2018: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314046/jasmonic-and-salicylic-acid-response-in-the-fern-azolla-filiculoides-and-its-cyanobiont
#8
Sophie de Vries, Jan de Vries, Hendrik Teschke, Janina K von Dahlen, Laura E Rose, Sven B Gould
Plants sense and respond to microbes utilizing a multilayered signalling cascade. In seed plants, the phytohormones jasmonic and salicylic acid (JA and SA) are key denominators of how plants respond to certain microbes. Their interplay is especially well-known for tipping the scales in plants' strategies of dealing with phytopathogens. In non-seed plant lineages, the interplay is less well understood, but current data indicates that it is intertwined to a lesser extent and the canonical JA/SA antagonism appears to be absent...
January 3, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313033/detection-of-ovulation-a-review-of-currently-available-methods
#9
REVIEW
Hsiu-Wei Su, Yu-Chiao Yi, Ting-Yen Wei, Ting-Chang Chang, Chao-Min Cheng
The ability to identify the precise time of ovulation is important for women who want to plan conception or practice contraception. Here, we review the current literature on various methods for detecting ovulation including a review of point-of-care device technology. We incorporate an examination of methods to detect ovulation that have been developed and practiced for decades and analyze the indications and limitations of each-transvaginal ultrasonography, urinary luteinizing hormone detection, serum progesterone and urinary pregnanediol 3-glucuronide detection, urinary follicular stimulating hormone detection, basal body temperature monitoring, and cervical mucus and salivary ferning analysis...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311613/publisher-correction-a-fossil-species-of-the-enigmatic-early-polypod-fern-genus-cystodium-cystodiaceae-in-cretaceous-amber-from-myanmar
#10
Ledis Regalado, Alexander R Schmidt, Marc S Appelhans, Bork Ilsemann, Harald Schneider, Michael Krings, Jochen Heinrichs
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297348/comparative-analysis-of-inverted-repeats-of-polypod-fern-polypodiales-plastomes-reveals-two-hypervariable-regions
#11
Maria D Logacheva, Anastasiya A Krinitsina, Maxim S Belenikin, Kamil Khafizov, Evgenii A Konorov, Sergey V Kuptsov, Anna S Speranskaya
BACKGROUND: Ferns are large and underexplored group of vascular plants (~ 11 thousands species). The genomic data available by now include low coverage nuclear genomes sequences and partial sequences of mitochondrial genomes for six species and several plastid genomes. RESULTS: We characterized plastid genomes of three species of Dryopteris, which is one of the largest fern genera, using sequencing of chloroplast DNA enriched samples and performed comparative analysis with available plastomes of Polypodiales, the most species-rich group of ferns...
December 28, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288826/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-genus-adiantum-a-comprehensive-review
#12
REVIEW
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, Ajay Kumar Singh Rawat
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Genus Adiantum (Pteridaceae) forms a significant dominant component of many plant communities especially in the tropical and temperate regions. These are commonly known as maidenhair ferns and several have been used medicinally in different parts of the world. They exhibit antidysenteric, antiulcer, antimicrobial, antitumor and antiviral activities. The traditional uses of Adiantum species are known to be for respiratory problems such as cough cold, fever, pneumonia and mucous formation...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283787/in-response-to-laovirojjanakul-w-acharya-n-and-gonzales-ja-s-ultra-widefield-fluorescein-angiography-in-intermediate-uveitis
#13
Kalpana Babu, Mrinalini Kumaradas
We read with great interest the article by Laovirojjanakul et al. on ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography in intermediate uveitis. We would like to share a similar case of chronic intermediate uveitis highlighting a fern-like pattern of diffuse vascular leakage on fluorescein angiography, with good visual acuity, absence of clinically active inflammation, and a similar fluorescein angiography picture over a follow-up of 4 years.
December 28, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280044/hydrogels-containing-antibiofilm-and-antimicrobial-agents-beneficial-for-biofilm-associated-wound-infection-formulation-characterizations-and-in-vitro-study
#14
Anam Anjum, Cai-Hong Sim, Shiow-Fern Ng
Bacterial biofilm which adheres onto wound surface is shown to be impervious to antibiotics and this in turn delays wound healing. Previous studies showed that antibiofilm agents such as xylitol and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) prevent bacterial adherence onto surfaces. Formulation of a wound dressing containing antibiofilm agents may be a plausible strategy in breaking the biofilm on wound surfaces and at the same time increase the efficacy of the antibiotic. The purpose of this study was to develop hydrogel formulations containing antibiofilm agents along with antibiotic (gentamicin) for bacterial biofilm-associated wound infection...
December 26, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276601/delayed-diagnosis-of-a-patient-with-usher-syndrome-1c-in-a-louisiana-acadian-family-highlights-the-necessity-of-timely-genetic-testing-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-congenital-hearing-loss
#15
Ayesha Umrigar, Amanda Musso, Danielle Mercer, Annette Hurley, Cassondra Glausier, Mona Bakeer, Michael Marble, Chindo Hicks, Fern Tsien
Advances in sequencing technologies and increased understanding of the contribution of genetics to congenital sensorineural hearing loss have led to vastly improved outcomes for patients and their families. Next-generation sequencing and diagnostic panels have become increasingly reliable and less expensive for clinical use. Despite these developments, the diagnosis of genetic sensorineural hearing loss still presents challenges for healthcare providers. Inherited sensorineural hearing loss has high levels of genetic heterogeneity and variable expressivity...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247575/local-differentiation-of-cell-wall-matrix-polysaccharides-in-sinuous-pavement-cells-its-possible-involvement-in-the-flexibility-of-cell-shape
#16
P Sotiriou, E Giannoutsou, E Panteris, B Galatis, P Apostolakos
The distribution of homogalacturonans (HGAs) displaying different degrees of esterification as well as of callose was examined in the cell walls of mature pavement cells in two angiosperm and two fern species. It was investigated whether local cell wall matrix differentiation may enable pavement cells to respond to mechanical tension forces by transiently altering their shape. HGA epitopes, identified by the 2F4, JIM5 and JIM7 antibodies, and callose were immunolocalized in hand-made or semithin leaf sections...
December 16, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242164/rapid-allopolyploid-radiation-of-moonwort-ferns-botrychium-ophioglossaceae-revealed-by-pacbio-sequencing-of-homologous-and-homeologous-nuclear-regions
#17
Benjamin Dauphin, Jason R Grant, Donald R Farrar, Carl J Rothfels
Polyploidy is a major speciation process in vascular plants, and is postulated to be particularly important in shaping the diversity of extant ferns. However, limitations in the availability of bi-parental markers for ferns have greatly limited phylogenetic investigation of polyploidy in this group. With a large number of allopolyploid species, the genus Botrychium is a classic example in ferns where recurrent polyploidy is postulated to have driven frequent speciation events. Here, we use PacBio sequencing and the PURC bioinformatics pipeline to capture all homeologous or allelic copies of four long (∼1kb) low-copy nuclear regions from a sample of 45 specimens (25 diploids and 20 polyploids) representing 37 Botrychium taxa, and three outgroups...
December 11, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240794/radiocesium-contamination-and-estimated-internal-exposure-doses-in-edible-wild-plants-in-kawauchi-village-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster
#18
Rimi Tsuchiya, Yasuyuki Taira, Makiko Orita, Yoshiko Fukushima, Yuukou Endo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
Kawauchi Village, in Fukushima Prefecture, is located within a 30-km radius of the nuclear disaster site of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). "Sansai" (edible wild plants) in this village have been evaluated by gamma spectrometry after the residents had returned to their homes, to determine the residents' risk of internal exposure to artificial radionuclides due to consumption of these plants. The concentrations of radiocesium (cesium-134 and cesium-137) were measured in all 364 samples collected in spring 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240242/the-9p21-locus-a-potential-therapeutic-target-and-prognostic-marker-in-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Mahdi Rivand, Mohammad-Sadegh Khorrami, Hamid Fiuji, Soodabeh Shahidsales, Malihe Hasanzadeh, Mir Hadi Jazayeri, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Gordon A Ferns, Nafiseh Saghafi, Amir Avan
Breast cancer is an important cause of cancer related mortality in women. Despite extensive efforts to identify valid biomarkers for risk stratification, there are relatively few with proven clinical utility. It is recognized that genetic factors play a major role in determining susceptibility to breast cancer. Recent genome-wide-association-studies and gene expression analysis have demonstrated that a locus on chromosome 9p21, which contains three genes; CDKN2B (encoding p15ink4b), CDKN2A (encoding p16ink4a and p14ARF) and the 3' end of CDKN2BAS [an antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL)] are associated with an increased risk of this malignancy...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239523/iridoides-of-chemotaxonomy-relevance-a-new-antirrhinoside-ester-and-other-constituents-from-kickxia-spuria%C3%A2-subsp-integrifolia-brot-r-fern
#20
Alessandro Venditti, Claudio Frezza, Ilaria Serafini, Alessandro Ciccòla, Fabio Sciubba, Mauro Serafini, Armandodoriano Bianco
In this work, the secondary metabolite content of the ethanolic extract of Kickxia spuria subsp. integrifolia (Brot.) R. Fern. is reported. Fourteen compounds were isolated and identified by means of Column Chromatography and NMR and MS spectrometric techniques, respectively. Among these compounds, the chemotaxonomic markers of the species were evidenced whereas others were reported for the first time in the genus. Among these a new antirrhinoside derivative (12) was recognized. The iridoid content show a molecular pattern very similar to those reported for other taxa comprised in the Antirrhinae tribe of Plantaginaceae, thus providing an additional evidence to support the current botanical classification of the Kickxia genus...
December 14, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
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