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Bioactive peptide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813781/bee-venom-decreases-lps-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#1
Chang Hee Jeong, Wei Nee Cheng, Hyojin Bae, Kyung Woo Lee, Sang Mi Han, Michael C Petriello, Hong Gu Lee, Han Geuk Seo, Sung Gu Han
The world dairy industry has long been challenged by bovine mastitis, an inflammatory disease, which causes economic loss due to decreased milk production and quality. Attempts have been made to prevent or treat this disease with multiple approaches, primarily through increased abuse of antibiotics, but effective natural solutions remain elusive. Bee venom (BV) contains a variety of peptides (e.g., melittin) and that shows multiple bioactivities including prevention of inflammation. Thus, in the current study, it was hypothesized that BV can reduce inflammation in bovine mammary epithelial cells (MAC-T)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811505/identification-and-quantification-of-plasma-free-salusin-%C3%AE-an-endogenous-parasympathomimetic-peptide
#2
Kazumi Fujimoto, Akinori Hayashi, Yoshio Kodera, Tatsuya Saito, Takuya Toki, Akifumi Ogawa, Yuji Kamata, Koji Takano, Hideki Katakami, Masayoshi Shichiri
Salusin-β is an endogenous parasympathomimetic proatherosclerotic peptide. Salusin-β was initially predicted from bioinformatic analyses and later immunologically detected in human biofluids. However, elucidation of salusin-β bioactivity has faced enormous challenges because of its unique physicochemical characteristics that cause it to strongly adhere to laboratory apparatus materials. In the strictest sense, the discovery of bioactive peptides is not complete until their exact native sequences have been confirmed in the peripheral circulation...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809547/quantitative-evaluation-of-viral-protein-binding-to-phosphoinositide-receptors-and-pharmacological-inhibition
#3
Seong-Oh Kim, Joshua Alexander Jackman, Menashe Elazar, Sang-Joon Cho, Jeffrey S Glenn, Nam-Joon Cho
There is significant interest in developing analytical methods to characterize molecular recognition events between proteins and phosphoinositides, which are a medically important class of carbohydrate-functionalized lipids. Within this scope, one area of high priority involves quantitatively evaluating drug candidates that pharmacologically inhibit protein-phosphoinositide interactions. As full-length proteins are oftentimes difficult to produce, establishing methods to study these interactions with shorter, bioactive peptides would be advantageous...
August 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809082/development-of-a-dual-functional-hydrogel-using-rgd-and-anti-vegf-aptamer
#4
Nan Zhao, Mark R Battig, Ming Xu, Xiuli Wang, Na Xiong, Yong Wang
Synthetic molecular libraries hold great potential to advance the biomaterial development. However, little effort is made to integrate molecules with molecular recognition abilities selected from different libraries into a single biomolecular material. The purpose of this work is to incorporate peptides and nucleic acid aptamers into a porous hydrogel to develop a dual-functional biomaterial. The data show that an anti-integrin peptide can promote the attachment and growth of endothelial cells in a 3D porous poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogel and an antivascular endothelial growth factor aptamer can sequester and release VEGF of high bioactivity...
August 15, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809006/exploring-protein-protein-interactions-as-drug-targets-for-anti-cancer-therapy-with-in-silico-workflows
#5
Alexander Goncearenco, Minghui Li, Franco L Simonetti, Benjamin A Shoemaker, Anna R Panchenko
We describe a computational protocol to aid the design of small molecule and peptide drugs that target protein-protein interactions, particularly for anti-cancer therapy. To achieve this goal, we explore multiple strategies, including finding binding hot spots, incorporating chemical similarity and bioactivity data, and sampling similar binding sites from homologous protein complexes. We demonstrate how to combine existing interdisciplinary resources with examples of semi-automated workflows. Finally, we discuss several major problems, including the occurrence of drug-resistant mutations, drug promiscuity, and the design of dual-effect inhibitors...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805711/a-dereplication-and-bioguided-discovery-approach-to-reveal-new-compounds-from-a-marine-derived-fungus-stilbella-fimetaria
#6
Sara Kildgaard, Karolina Subko, Emma Phillips, Violaine Goidts, Mercedes de la Cruz, Caridad Díaz, Charlotte H Gotfredsen, Birgitte Andersen, Jens C Frisvad, Kristian F Nielsen, Thomas O Larsen
A marine-derived Stilbella fimetaria fungal strain was screened for new bioactive compounds based on two different approaches: (i) bio-guided approach using cytotoxicity and antimicrobial bioassays; and (ii) dereplication based approach using liquid chromatography with both diode array detection and high resolution mass spectrometry. This led to the discovery of several bioactive compound families with different biosynthetic origins, including pimarane-type diterpenoids and hybrid polyketide-non ribosomal peptide derived compounds...
August 13, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804797/bioactivities-of-alternative-protein-sources-and-their-potential-health-benefits
#7
REVIEW
A Pihlanto, P Mattila, S Mäkinen, A-M Pajari
Increasing the utilisation of plant proteins is needed to support the production of protein-rich foods that could replace animal proteins in the human diet so as to reduce the strain that intensive animal husbandry poses to the environment. Lupins, quinoa and hempseed are significant sources of energy, high quality proteins, fibre, vitamins and minerals. In addition, they contain compounds such as polyphenols and bioactive peptides that can increase the nutritional value of these plants. From the nutritional standpoint, the right combination of plant proteins can supply sufficient amounts of essential amino acids for human requirements...
August 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802015/identification-and-characterization-of-metformin-on-peptidomic-profiling-in-human-visceral-adipocytes
#8
Yao Gao, XingYun Wang, FangYan Huang, XianWei Cui, Yun Li, Xing Wang, Yan Cao, PengFei Xu, KaiPeng Xie, RanRan Tang, Le Zhang, ChenBo Ji, LiangHui You, XiRong Guo
OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the effect of metformin on losing weight from peptidomic perspective and to screen potential active peptides for reducing fat lipid deposition. METHODS: After determining the proper concentration of metformin on human primary visceral adipocytes, we constructed a comparative peptidomic profiling between control and metformin treatment group (n = 3) using a stable isobaric labeling strategy involving tandem mass tag reagents, followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802004/comparison-of-antimicrobial-peptide-purification-via-free-flow-electrophoresis-and-gel-filtration-chromatography
#9
Zhi-Jun Xia, Zhen Liu, Fan-Zhi Kong, Liu-Yin Fan, Hua Xiao, Cheng-Xi Cao
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are usually small and cationic biomolecules with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities against pathogens. Purifying them from complex samples is essential to study their physiochemical properties. In this work, free-flow zone electrophoresis (FFZE) was utilized to purify antimicrobial peptides from yeast fermentation broth. Meanwhile, gel filtration chromatography (GFC) was conducted for comparison. The separation efficiency was evaluated by SDS-PAGE analysis of the fractions from both methods...
August 12, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801827/rapid-screening-and-identification-of-ace-inhibitors-in-snake-venoms-using-at-line-nanofractionation-lc-ms
#10
Marija Mladic, Tessa de Waal, Lindsey Burggraaff, Julien Slagboom, Govert W Somsen, Wilfried M A Niessen, R Manjunatha Kini, Jeroen Kool
This study presents an analytical method for the screening of snake venoms for inhibitors of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and a strategy for their rapid identification. The method is based on an at-line nanofractionation approach, which combines liquid chromatography (LC), mass spectrometry (MS), and pharmacology in one platform. After initial LC separation of a crude venom, a post-column flow split is introduced enabling parallel MS identification and high-resolution fractionation onto 384-well plates...
August 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797448/dual-peptide-mediated-targeted-delivery-of-bioactive-sirnas-to-oral-cancer-cells-in-vivo
#11
Angela A Alexander-Bryant, Haiwen Zhang, Christopher C Attaway, William Pugh, Laurence Eggart, Robert M Sansevere, Lourdes M Andino, Lu Dinh, Liliana P Cantini, Andrew Jakymiw
OBJECTIVES: Despite significant advances in cancer treatment, the prognosis for oral cancer remains poor in comparison to other cancer types, including breast, skin, and prostate. As a result, more effective therapeutic modalities are needed for the treatment of oral cancer. Consequently, in the present study, we examined the feasibility of using a dual peptide carrier approach, combining an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting peptide with an endosome-disruptive peptide, to mediate targeted delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) into EGFR-overexpressing oral cancer cells and induce silencing of the targeted oncogene, cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A)...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793331/characterization-of-the-post-prandial-insulinemic-response-and-low-glycaemic-index-of-a-soy-beverage
#12
Jose Ce Serrano, Meritxell Martín-Gari, Anna Cassanye, Ana Belen Granado-Serrano, Manuel Portero-Otín
Soybean is recognized as rich source of bioactive compounds for the improvement of glucose homeostasis. However, the post-prandial mechanisms of action have not been extensively described. The aim of this study is to determine the changes in glucose homeostasis and related factors after acute intake of a soy beverage. Twenty-nine subjects (15 women and 14 men, with an average age of 19.5 ± 1.2) ingested 500 mL of water, glucose (20.5 g/500 mL) and soy beverage (20 g of carbohydrate) in three separate sessions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793213/critical-influence-of-cosolutes-and-surfaces-on-the-assembly-of-serpin-derived-amyloid-fibrils
#13
Michael W Risør, Dennis W Juhl, Morten Bjerring, Joachim Mathiesen, Jan J Enghild, Niels C Nielsen, Daniel E Otzen
Many proteins and peptides self-associate into highly ordered and structurally similar amyloid cross-β aggregates. This fibrillation is critically dependent on properties of the protein and the surrounding environment that alter kinetic and thermodynamic equilibria. Here, we report on dominating surface and solution effects on the fibrillogenic behavior and amyloid assembly of the C-36 peptide, a circulating bioactive peptide from the α1-antitrypsin serine protease inhibitor. C-36 converts from an unstructured peptide to mature amyloid twisted-ribbon fibrils over a few hours when incubated on polystyrene plates under physiological conditions through a pathway dominated by surface-enhanced nucleation...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789570/an-overview-of-bacillus-proteases-from-production-to-application
#14
Fabiano Jares Contesini, Ricardo Rodrigues de Melo, Hélia Harumi Sato
Proteases have a broad range of applications in industrial processes and products and are representative of most worldwide enzyme sales. The genus Bacillus is probably the most important bacterial source of proteases and is capable of producing high yields of neutral and alkaline proteolytic enzymes with remarkable properties, such as high stability towards extreme temperatures, pH, organic solvents, detergents and oxidizing compounds. Therefore, several strategies have been developed for the cost-effective production of Bacillus proteases, including optimization of the fermentation parameters...
August 8, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783603/strategies-for-transitioning-macrocyclic-peptides-to-cell-permeable-drug-leads
#15
REVIEW
Louise J Walport, Richard Obexer, Hiroaki Suga
The ready availability of potent peptide binders for any desired target highlights their potential impact as therapeutic agents. Despite their versatility, however, peptides tend to display unfavourable pharmacological properties, such as low bioavailability, high renal clearance and proteolytic degradation rates, and low cell permeability. Fortunately, an increasing number of promising strategies to produce novel peptides and furnish pre-existing scaffolds with more drug-like properties are now becoming available...
August 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782780/synthesis-and-conformational-analysis-of-peptides-embodying-2-3-methanopipecolic-acids
#16
Luciano Ricci, Lorenzo Sernissi, Dina Scarpi, Francesca Bianchini, Alessandro Contini, Ernesto G Occhiato
The conformational analysis of linear and cyclic peptides incorporating 2,3-methanopipecolic acids (or Cyclopropane Pipecolic Acids, CPAs) as conformationally constrained α-amino acids is reported. Compared to peptides containing proline or pipecolic acid, a striking increase of the cis isomer (42-92%) around the CPA amide bond is observed, both in water and organic solvents, when these unnatural amino acids are embodied in linear amino acid sequences. The rotational barrier around the same bond in water was calculated, giving results comparable to that for the prolyl cis/trans isomerization...
August 16, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777495/increased-conformational-flexibility-of-a-macrocycle-receptor-complex-contributes-to-reduced-dissociation-rates
#17
Adrian Glas, Eike-Christian Wamhoff, Dennis M Krüger, Christoph Rademacher, Tom N Grossmann
Constraining a peptide in its bioactive conformation via macrocyclization represents a powerful strategy to design modulators of challenging biomolecular targets. This holds particularly true for the development of inhibitors of protein-protein interactions which often involve interfaces lacking defined binding pockets. Such flat surfaces are demanding targets for traditional small molecules rendering macrocyclic peptides promising scaffolds for novel therapeutics. However, the contribution of peptide dynamics to binding kinetics is barely understood which impedes the design process...
August 4, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773852/design-of-decorated-self-assembling-peptide-hydrogels-as-architecture-for-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#18
Annj Zamuner, Marta Cavo, Silvia Scaglione, Grazia Maria Lucia Messina, Teresa Russo, Antonio Gloria, Giovanni Marletta, Monica Dettin
Hydrogels from self-assembling ionic complementary peptides have been receiving a lot of interest from the scientific community as mimetic of the extracellular matrix that can offer three-dimensional supports for cell growth or can become vehicles for the delivery of stem cells, drugs or bioactive proteins. In order to develop a 3D "architecture" for mesenchymal stem cells, we propose the introduction in the hydrogel of conjugates obtained by chemoselective ligation between a ionic-complementary self-assembling peptide (called EAK) and three different bioactive molecules: an adhesive sequence with 4 Glycine-Arginine-Glycine-Aspartic Acid-Serine-Proline (GRGDSP) motifs per chain, an adhesive peptide mapped on h-Vitronectin and the growth factor Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1)...
August 26, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773850/screening-of-osteogenic-enhancing-short-peptides-from-bmps-for-biomimetic-material-applications
#19
Kei Kanie, Rio Kurimoto, Jing Tian, Katsumi Ebisawa, Yuji Narita, Hiroyuki Honda, Ryuji Kato
Bone regeneration is an important issue in many situations, such as bone fracture and surgery. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are promising cell sources for bone regeneration. Bone morphogenetic proteins and their bioactive peptides are biomolecules known to enhance the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. However, fibrosis can arise during the development of implantable biomaterials. Therefore, it is important to control cell organization by enhancing osteogenic proliferation and differentiation and inhibiting fibroblast proliferation...
August 25, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771332/cathepsin-mediated-cleavage-of-peptides-from-peptide-amphiphiles-leads-to-enhanced-intracellular-peptide-accumulation
#20
Handan Acar, Ravand Samaeekia, Matthew R Schnorenberg, Dibyendu K Sasmal, Jun Huang, Matthew V Tirrell, James L LaBelle
Peptides synthesized in the likeness of their native interaction domain(s) are natural choices to target protein-protein interactions (PPIs) due to their fidelity of orthostatic contact points between binding partners. Despite therapeutic promise, intracellular delivery of biofunctional peptides at concentrations necessary for efficacy remains a formidable challenge. Peptide Amphiphiles (PAs) provide a facile method of intracellular delivery and stabilization of bioactive peptides. PAs consisting of biofunctional peptide headgroups linked to hydrophobic alkyl lipid-like tails prevent peptide hydrolysis and proteolysis in circulation and PA monomers are internalized via endocytosis...
August 3, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
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