keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Haemoglobin A1c

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437786/the-effect-of-retraining-on-treatment-success-life-quality-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-insulin-pump
#1
Basak Ozgen Saydam, Fatma Yilmazmis, Nalan Aydin, Belgin Bektas, Simge Yilmaz, Umit Cavdar, Secil Ozisik, Baris Akinci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of insulin pump user retraining on treatment success, quality of life, and metabolic parameters of patients with type 1 diabetes using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 subjects participated in this prospective study. All patients were given insulin pump user retraining. Their knowledge level and application skills, metabolic parameters, life qualities and satisfaction from treatment were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433609/hb-moncloa-a-new-variant-of-haemoglobin-that-interferes-in-the-quantification-of-hb-a1c
#2
Torrejón María Josefa, Ortíz-Cabrera N Valentina, M Nieto Jorge, González Fernández Fernando-Ataúlfo, Villegas Ana, Martínez Rafael, Ropero Paloma
BACKGROUND: In most routine laboratories in Spain, the commonly used method for evaluating HbA1c is ion-exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The presence of a variant of Hb may interfere with the quantification of HbA1c. AIMS: Here, we report a novel haemoglobin variant, named Hb Moncloa, which was found during a routine health check at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Moncloa (Madrid), Spain. METHODS AND RESULTS: Molecular characterization of β gene identified a novel transversion mutation [β80(EF4)Asn>Ser; HBB:c...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419661/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stabilises-glycaemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-outcomes-from-a-randomised-control-trial
#3
Christina Wei, Ruth J Allen, Patricia M Tallis, Fiona J Ryan, Linda P Hunt, Julian Ph Shield, Elizabeth C Crowne
BACKGROUND: To compare the impact of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with non-directive supportive counselling (NDC) on glycaemic control and psychological well-being in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants aged 11 to 16 years with T1DM (duration ≥1 year) from 4 UK-based paediatric diabetes centres were randomised to receive either 6 weekly sessions of 1-to-1 CBT (n = 43) or NDC (n = 42), with 2 further sessions at 6 and 12 months...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406066/telemedicine-consultation-for-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Ajay Sood, Sharon A Watts, Julie K Johnson, Stacey Hirth, David C Aron
Introduction There is a widening discrepancy between the increasing number of patients with diabetes mellitus and the health care resources available to manage these patients. Telemedicine has been used in a number of instances to improve and deliver health care where traditional care delivery methods may encounter difficulty. We conducted a cluster randomised controlled trial of telemedicine consultation to manage patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods Eleven primary care centres attached to one Veteran Administration tertiary care centre were randomised to provide patients with diabetes consultation referral either by usual consultation in diabetes clinic or telemedicine consultations via videoconference...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402322/nutritional-status-in-patients-with-phenylketonuria-using-glycomacropeptide-as-their-major-protein-source
#5
A Pinto, M F Almeida, P C Ramos, S Rocha, A Guimas, R Ribeiro, E Martins, A Bandeira, A MacDonald, J C Rocha
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low phenylalanine (PHE), glycomacropeptide-based protein substitute (GMP) is an alternative to traditional L-amino acid supplements (AA) used in the dietary management of phenylketonuria (PKU). In a retrospective, longitudinal study, we report the nutritional status of PKU patients taking AA and GMP. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eleven PKU patients aged 27±10 years (1 HPA, 4 mild and 6 classical PKU) on dietary treatment were evaluated (anthropometry, body composition, blood pressure measurements, biochemical markers including vitamin, mineral, lipids, carbohydrates and protein status/metabolism, and nutritional intake assessment) at two different annual reviews...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401444/fixed-ratio-combinations-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-with-basal-insulin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Paraskevi Liakopoulou, Aris Liakos, Despoina Vasilakou, Eleni Athanasiadou, Eleni Bekiari, Kyriakos Kazakos, Apostolos Tsapas
PURPOSE: Basal insulin controls primarily fasting plasma glucose but causes hypoglycaemia and weight gain, whilst glucagon like peptide 1 receptor agonists induce weight loss without increasing risk for hypoglycaemia. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to investigate the efficacy and safety of fixed ratio combinations of basal insulin with glucagon like peptide 1 receptor agonists. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library as well as conference abstracts up to December 2016...
April 12, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393407/haemoglobin%C3%A2-a1c-interpretation-more-than-mean-blood-glucose-to-be-considered
#7
W G John
It is more than half a century since Kunkel and Wallenius described the occurrence of 'minor components' in normal adult haemoglobin in the absence of variants [1]; the major fraction of these components was identified as glucose attached to the haemoglobin molecule, and is now termed HbA1c . The importance of this HbA1c did not become fully apparent until 1969 when Rahbar and associates [2] described 'an abnormal fast moving haemoglobin fraction' in the erythrocytes of people with diabetes; hence the relationship of HbA1c to diabetes was established, and within 10 years, methods for measuring this fraction were being introduced into clinical laboratory practice [3]...
April 10, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391234/association-between-neighbourhood-walkability-and-metabolic-risk-factors-influenced-by-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-adults-in-toronto-canada
#8
C K Jennifer Loo, Michelle Greiver, Babak Aliarzadeh, Daniel Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether neighbourhood walkability is associated with clinical measures of obesity, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia in an urban adult population. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban primary care patients. PARTICIPANTS: 78 023 Toronto residents, aged 18 years and over, who were formally rostered or had at least 2 visits between 2012 and 2014 with a primary care physician participating in the University of Toronto Practice Based Research Network (UTOPIAN), within the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network (CPCSSN)...
April 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363280/erratum-to-is-pre-operative-haemoglobin-a1c-level-a-successful-predictor-of-adverse-outcome-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Ai Hooi Tee, R Hasan, K E Mclaughlin, D J M Keenan, S Datta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349641/type-2-diabetes-remission-rates-1-year-post-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-validation-of-the-diarem-score-the-ontario-bariatric-network-experience
#10
K Honarmand, K Chetty, T Vanniyasingam, M Anvari, V T Chetty
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with the remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). There are a number of scoring systems available that help predict type 2 diabetes remission rates after bariatric surgery; however, relatively few have been validated externally. The DiaRem score, comprised of four preoperative variables (age, haemoglobin A1c [HbA1c], sulfonylurea and insulin-sensitizing agent use and insulin use), allows for the identification of patients who are most likely to have DM remission following RYGB...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325134/comparison-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-inflammatory-parameters-among-patients-with-prediabetes-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-non-diabetic-controls
#11
Tariq Abduljabbar, Faisal Al-Sahaly, Mohammed Al-Kathami, Sibtain Afzal, Fahim Vohra
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare periodontal and periimplant inflammatory parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], probing depth [PD] and marginal bone loss [MBL]) among patients with prediabetes, type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-diabetic controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with prediabetes (Group-1), 43 patients with T2DM (Group-2) and 42 controls (Group-3) were included. Demographic data was recorded using a questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301953/glucose-variability-aggravates-cardiac-fibrosis-by-altering-akt-signalling-path
#12
Changjiang Ying, Ting Liu, Hongwei Ling, Mingyue Cheng, Xiaoyan Zhou, Shanshan Wang, Yizhen Mao, Lei Chen, Runze Zhang, Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of blood glucose variability on cardiac fibrosis and its mechanism in a model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: A total of 45 Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: control, control diabetes mellitus and fluctuated blood glucose groups. Fluctuated blood glucose was induced by daily subcutaneous insulin and intraperitoneal glucose injections at different time points. Blood lipids and glycosylated haemoglobin A1c were assessed...
March 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208043/the-australasian-diabetes-data-network-first-national-audit-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
OBJECTIVES: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. SETTING: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months' duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196738/cholesterol-levels-of-japanese-dyslipidaemic-patients-with-various-comorbidities-biobank-japan
#14
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Hokuto Noda, Akiko Nagai, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yoichiro Kamatani, Yutaka Kiyohara, Koichi Matsuda, Kaori Muto, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: Controlling serum cholesterol is critical to prevent cardiovascular disease in patients with dyslipidaemia. Guidelines emphasise the need to select treatment for dyslipidaemia based on specific patient profiles; however, there is little information about the serum cholesterol levels of patients in each profile in Japan. Therefore, we aimed to describe the serum cholesterol levels and prevalence of uncontrolled cases in Japanese patients with dyslipidaemia. METHODS: We included data for patients with dyslipidaemia between 2003 and 2007 from the BioBank Japan Project (66 hospitals)...
March 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185530/increased-circulating-levels-of-musclin-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetic-patients
#15
Wen-Jia Chen, Yue Liu, Yu-Bin Sui, Bo Zhang, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Xin-Hua Yin
BACKGROUND: Musclin is a newly identified skeletal muscle-derived secretory factor, which has been recently characterized as a stimulator that induces insulin resistance in mice. However, the pathophysiological role of musclin in humans remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore the potential correlations between musclin plasma levels and various metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this hospital-based study, plasma samples were collected from the enrolled individuals, including 38 newly diagnosed, treatment-naive type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 41 age- and gender-matched control subjects...
March 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162891/serum-glucose-cholesterol-and-blood-pressure-levels-in-japanese-type-1-and-2-diabetic-patients-biobank-japan
#16
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Akiko Nagai, Makoto Hirata, Yutaka Kiyohara, Kaori Muto, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Koichi Matsuda, Yoichiro Kamatani, Akiko Tamakoshi, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: Evidence of characteristics of Japanese patients with diabetes from a large-scale population is necessary. Few studies have compared glycaemic controls, complications and comorbidities between type 1 and 2 diabetic patients. This paper focuses on illustrating a clinical picture of Japanese diabetic patients and comparing glycaemic control and prognoses between type 1 and 2 diabetes using multi-institutional data. METHODS: The BioBank Japan Project enrolled adult type 1 and 2 diabetic patients between fiscal years 2003 and 2007...
March 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143896/skin-autofluorescence-a-non-invasive-marker-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-clinical-relevance-and-limitations
#17
REVIEW
Cidila Da Moura Semedo, M'Balu Webb, Helen Waller, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie Davies
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are protein-bound compounds derived from glycaemic and oxidative stress that contain fluorescent properties, which can be non-invasively measured as skin autofluorescence (SAF) by the AGE Reader. SAF has been demonstrated to be a biomarker of cumulative skin AGEs and potentially may be a better predictor for the development of chronic complications and mortality in diabetes than glycated haemoglobin A1c. However, there are several confounding factors that should be assessed prior to its broader application: these include presence of other fluorescent compounds in the skin that might be measured (eg, fluorophores), skin pigmentation and use of skin creams...
January 31, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113188/type-2-diabetes-screening-test-by-means-of-a-pulse-oximeter
#18
Enrique Monte Moreno, Maria Jose Anyo Lujan, Montse Torrres Rusinol, Paqui Juarez Fernandez, Pilar Nunez Manrique, Cristina Aragon Trivino, Magda Pedrosa Miquel, Marife Alvarez Rodriguez, M Jose Gonzalez Burguillos
In this paper, we propose a method for screening for the presence of type 2 diabetes by means of the signal obtained from a pulse oximeter. The screening system consists of two parts: the first analyzes the signal obtained from the pulse oximeter, and the second consists of a machine-learning module. The system consists of a front end that extracts a set of features form the pulse oximeter signal. These features are based on physiological considerations. The set of features were the input of a machine-learning algorithm that determined the class of the input sample, i...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097680/development-of-a-novel-algorithm-for-detecting-glucocorticoid-induced-diabetes-mellitus-using-a-medical-information-database
#19
T Imatoh, K Sai, K Hori, K Segawa, J Kawakami, M Kimura, Y Saito
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus (GIDM) increases the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM)-related complications but is generally difficult to detect in clinical settings. The criteria for diagnosing GIDM have not been established. Recently, medical information databases (MIDs) have been used in post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies. We conducted a pharmacoepidemiological study to develop an algorithm for detecting GIDM using MID. METHODS: We selected 1214 inpatients who were newly prescribed with a typical glucocorticoid, prednisolone, during hospitalization from 2008 to 2014 from an MID of Hamamatsu University Hospital in Japan...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025216/hydroxychloroquine-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-cardiovascular-events-in-myocardial-infarction-patients-rationale-and-design-of-the-oxi-trial
#20
Otto Hartman, Petri T Kovanen, Jukka Lehtonen, Kari K Eklund, Juha Sinisalo
Background: Inflammation of the arterial wall plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Among patients with rheumatic diseases, anti-rheumatic medication reduces the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) diseases, but only few studies have addressed their cardioprotective effects on patients with no rheumatic diseases. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an anti-rheumatic drug commonly used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In addition to its anti-inflammatory properties, HCQ reduces cholesterol levels and the risk of type II diabetes, and has also anti-platelet effects...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
keyword
keyword
53007
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"