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Haemoglobin A1c

Rashmi S Mullur, Donna Ames
OBJECTIVE: We sought to prospectively evaluate the impact of a 10 minute seated yoga program added to standard comprehensive diabetes care on glucose control and cardiovascular health in the severely ill, medically complex diabetic population. METHOD: A total of 10 patients with type 2 diabetes, ages 49-77, with duration of diabetes >10 years and haemoglobin A1C >9% (75 mmol/mol) were included in the study. Patients randomized to a yoga intervention were taught a 10 minute seated yoga practice, were given an explanatory DVD and a fold-out pocket guide to encourage adherence at home, and were instructed to incorporate the practice as often as they could...
January 18, 2016: Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Andrew Woodhead, Tharumenthiran Ramanathan, James Pemberton
BACKGROUND: Nearly half of the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have diabetes. There is mixed data as to whether preoperative (haemoglobin A1c{HbA1c}) and/or perioperative diabetes control is associated with mortality and morbidity after CABG. We reviewed the characteristics and outcomes of diabetic patients undergoing CABG with a focus on HbA1c, perioperative glucose levels and diabetic treatment regimens. METHODS: Diabetic patients undergoing CABG during July 2010 to June 2012 were studied (n=306)...
July 4, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Bianca Hemmingsen, David Peick Sonne, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Bernd Richter
BACKGROUND: The projected rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could develop into a substantial health problem worldwide. Whether insulin secretagogues (sulphonylureas and meglitinide analogues) are able to prevent or delay T2DM and its associated complications in people at risk for the development of T2DM is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of insulin secretagogues on the prevention or delay of T2DM and its associated complications in people with impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting blood glucose, moderately elevated glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) or any combination of these...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bernard Omech, Julius Chacha Mwita, Jose-Gaby Tshikuka, Billy Tsima, Oathokwa Nkomazna, Kennedy Amone-P'Olak
This was a cross-sectional study designed to assess the validity of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score for detecting undiagnosed type 2 diabetes among general medical outpatients in Botswana. Participants aged ≥20 years without previously diagnosed diabetes were screened by (1) an 8-item Finnish diabetes risk assessment questionnaire and (2) Haemoglobin A1c test. Data from 291 participants were analyzed (74.2% were females). The mean age of the participants was 50.1 (SD = ±11) years, and the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes was 42 (14...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Q Zhao, X Xiao, W Lu, L-X Qiu, C-M Zhou, W-L Jiang, B Xu, V Diwan
OBJECTIVES: To understand the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) comorbidity in rural China and to identify factors associated with TB-DM comorbidity and screening efficacy. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in four counties in eastern rural China. All TB patients newly registered from April 2013 to March 2014 were screened for DM using fasting blood glucose (FBG). Screening-positive patients were further examined using glycosylated haemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Carlos King Ho Wong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, Fang Fang Jiao, Anca Ka Chun Chan, Karina Hiu Yen Chan, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
Little is known about how the patient-reported outcomes is influenced by multidisciplinary-risk-assessment-and-management-programme for patients with diabetes mellitus (RAMP-DM). This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of RAMP-DM on patient-reported outcomes. This was a prospective longitudinal study on 1039 diabetes mellitus patients (714/325 RAMP-DM/non-RAMP-DM) managed in primary care setting. 536 and 402 RAMP-DM participants, and 237 and 187 non-RAMP-DM participants were followed up at 12 and 24 months with completed survey, respectively...
October 3, 2016: Endocrine
Feng-Fei Li, Li-Yuan Fu, Xiao-Hua Xu, Xiao-Fei Su, Jin-Dan Wu, Lei Ye, Jian-Hua Ma
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the add-on effect of acarbose therapy in oxidative stress, and the lipid and inflammatory profiles of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with insulin. This was an open and unblended study. Patients (n=134) with T2DM (haemoglobin A1c range, 9.0-12.0%) were recruited. After continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion for 7 days for initial rapid correction of hyperglycaemia, a premixed insulin titration period (duration, 4-6 days) subsequently followed...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
A Farrag, W Ammar, A E A Hady, N E Samhoon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Acta Cardiologica
L Duvnjak, K Blaslov, M Vučić Lovrenčić, J Knežević Ćuća
AIMS: We aimed to determine serum dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) activity in a group of persons with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and to compare it with persons with type 1, type 2 diabetes and healthy controls. METHODS: DPP-4 activity measurement was performed in 67 persons (21 with type 1, 26 type 2 and 19 with LADA) and 13 healthy age and gender matched controls. RESULTS: Persons with LADA showed highest DPP-4 activity among the study groups (32...
September 21, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Chunling Zhou, Lixin Na, Ruiqi Shan, Yu Cheng, Ying Li, Xiaoyan Wu, Changhao Sun
Despite growing interest in the protective role that dietary antioxidant vitamins may have in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), little epidemiological evidence is available in non-Western populations especially about the possible mediators underlying in this role. The present study aimed to investigate the association of vitamin C and vitamin E intakes with T2D risk in Chinese adults and examine the potential mediators. 178 incident T2D cases among 3483 participants in the Harbin People Health Study (HPHS), and 522 newly diagnosed T2D among 7595 participants in the Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (HDNNCDS) were studied...
2016: PloS One
Lee-Anne Khuu, Faryan Tayyari, Jeremy M Sivak, John G Flanagan, Shaun Singer, Michael H Brent, David Huang, Ou Tan, Christopher Hudson
PURPOSE: To correlate angiogenic cytokines in the aqueous humour with total retinal blood flow in subjects with type 2 diabetes with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS: A total of 17 controls and 16 NPDR patients were recruited into the study. Aqueous humour was collected at the start of cataract surgery to assess the concentration of 14 angiogenic cytokines. Aqueous humour was analysed using the suspension array method. Six images were acquired to assess total retinal blood flow (TRBF) using the prototype RTVue(™) Doppler Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (Doppler FD-OCT) (Optovue, Inc...
September 28, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Stanko Skrtic, Claudia Cabrera, Marita Olsson, Volker Schnecke, Marcus Lind
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association between glycaemic control and the risk of heart failure (HF) in a contemporary cohort of persons followed after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS AND RESULTS: Persons with T2D diagnosed between 1998 and 2012 were retrieved from the Clinical Practice Research Data Link in the UK and followed from diagnosis until the event of HF, mortality, drop out from the database due to any other reason, or the end of the study on 1 July 2015...
September 19, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Rimke C Vos, Mariëlle Jp van Avendonk, Hanneke Jansen, Alexander N Goudswaard, Maureen van den Donk, Kees Gorter, Anneloes Kerssen, Guy Ehm Rutten
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether people with type 2 diabetes mellitus on insulin monotherapy who do not achieve adequate glycaemic control should continue insulin as monotherapy or can benefit from adding oral glucose-lowering agents to the insulin therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of insulin monotherapy compared with the addition of oral glucose-lowering agents to insulin monotherapy for people with type 2 diabetes already on insulin therapy and inadequate glycaemic control...
September 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bo Ahrén, James E Foley
We hypothesized that the relative contribution of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) versus postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) to glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) could be calculated using an algorithm developed by the A1c-Derived Average Glucose (ADAG) study group to make HbA1c values more clinically relevant to patients. The algorithm estimates average glucose (eAG) exposure, which can be used to calculate apparent PPG (aPPG) by subtracting FPG. The hypothesis was tested in a large dataset (comprising 17 studies) from the vildagliptin clinical trial programme...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Shi-Qi Yang, Zhi-Peng Xu, Ying Xiong, Ya-Feng Zhan, Lin-Ying Guo, Shun Zhang, Ri-Feng Jiang, Yi-Hao Yao, Yuan-Yuan Qin, Jian-Zhi Wang, Yong Liu, Wen-Zhen Zhu
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with cognitive impairment. We investigated whether alterations of intranetwork and internetwork functional connectivity with T2DM progression exist, by using resting-state functional MRI. MRI data were analysed from 19 T2DM patients with normal cognition (DMCN) and 19 T2DM patients with cognitive impairment (DMCI), 19 healthy controls (HC). Functional connectivity among 36 previously well-defined brain regions which consisted of 5 resting-state network (RSN) systems [default mode network (DMN), dorsal attention network (DAN), control network (CON), salience network (SAL) and sensorimotor network (SMN)] was investigated at 3 levels (integrity, network and connectivity)...
2016: Scientific Reports
F Han, Li Sheng, Q Jian, Q Weng
Aims: The present study aims to explore the role of Tanshinone IIA administration on the protective effect of early renal damage in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Methods: Sixty-four patients with Type 2 diabetes who have not been suffered from persistent renal complaints accepted to participate. Subjects were randomly allocated in two groups of trial (oral hypoglycaemic drugs plus intravenous Tanshinone IIA 1 mg/kg daily for three week's period) and control (oral hypoglycaemic drugs)...
February 11, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Y Tan, S H Luo, C M Wen, J H Yan, Y H Zhu, M Y Cai, B Yao, L Y Zeng, W Xu, J P Weng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) on β-cell function assessment. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) admitted to Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University treated with CSII were enrolled from May to December 2015. Blood samples were collected to measure their fasting blood glucose, haemoglobin A1c, blood lipids and plasma C peptide levels (fasting, 30 min and 120 min after a mixed meal) on the next day of their admission before CSII started...
August 23, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Dario Rahelić, Eugen Javor, Tomo Lucijanić, Marko Skelin
Elevated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values correlate with microvascular and macrovascular complications. Thus, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at an increased risk of developing macrovascular events. Treatment of T2DM should be based on a multifactorial approach because of its evidence, regarding reduction of macrovascular complications and mortality in T2DM. It is well known that intensive glucose control reduces the risk of microvascular complications in T2DM, but the effects of antidiabetic drugs on macrovascular complications and mortality in T2DM are less clear...
August 18, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Rajit A Gilhotra, Beverly T Rodrigues, Venkat N Vangaveti, Usman H Malabu
Background. Renal dialysis has recently been recognised as a risk factor for lower limb amputation (LLA). However, exact rates and associated risk factors for the LLA are incompletely understood. Aim. Prevalence and risk factors of LLA in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) subjects on renal dialysis were investigated from the existing literature. Methods. Published data on the subject were derived from MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar search of English language literature from January 1, 1980, to July 31, 2015, using designated key words...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology
Donghyun Jee, Nana Keum, Seungbum Kang, Jorge G Arroyo
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between sleep duration and diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study using a nation-wide, systemically stratified, multistage, clustered sampling method included a total of 1670 subjects aged ≥40 years with diabetes who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2008-2012. All participants performed standardized interviews, including self-reported sleep duration, and comprehensive ophthalmic examinations...
July 30, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
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