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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223974/determination-of-antibacterial-and-technological-properties-of-vaginal-lactobacilli-for-their-potential-application-in-dairy-products
#1
Lorenzo Siroli, Francesca Patrignani, Diana I Serrazanetti, Carola Parolin, Rogers A Ñahui Palomino, Beatrice Vitali, Rosalba Lanciotti
Functional foods could differently affect human health in relation to the gender. Recent studies have highlighted the anti-Candida and anti-Chlamydia activities of some Lactobacillus strains isolated from the vagina of healthy women. Considering these important beneficial activities on women's health, the preparation of functional food containing active vaginal lactobacilli can represent a great scientific challenge for the female gender. In this context, the aim of this work was to study some functional and technological properties of 17 vaginal strains belonging to the species Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus vaginalis in the perspective to include them in dairy products...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217699/the-female-urinary-microbiota-urinary-health-and-common-urinary-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Linda Brubaker, Alan J Wolfe
This review provides the clinical context and updated information regarding the female urinary microbiota (FUM), a resident microbial community within the female bladder of many adult women. Microbial communities have variability and distinct characteristics in health, as well as during community disruption (dysbiosis). Information concerning characteristics of the FUM in health and disease is emerging. Sufficient data confirms that the microbes that compose the FUM are not contaminants and are cultivatable under appropriate conditions...
January 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217698/questions-and-challenges-associated-with-studying-the-microbiome-of-the-urinary-tract
#3
REVIEW
Yige Bao, Kait F Al, Ryan M Chanyi, Samantha Whiteside, Malcom Dewar, Hassan Razvi, Gregor Reid, Jeremy P Burton
Urologists are typically faced with clinical situations for which the microbiome may have been a contributing factor. Clinicians have a good understanding regarding the role of bacteria related to issues such as antibiotic resistance; however, they generally have a limited grasp of how the microbiome may relate to urological issues. The largest part of the human microbiome is situated in the gastrointestinal tract, and though this is mostly separated from the urinary system, bacterial dissemination and metabolic output by this community is thought to have a significant influence on urological conditions...
January 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216442/a-seven-day-course-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-may-be-as-effective-as-a-seven-day-course-of-ciprofloxacin-for-the-treatment-of-pyelonephritis
#4
Miriam T Fox, Michael T Melia, Rebecca G Same, Anna T Conley, Pranita D Tamma
INTRODUCTION: The Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines recommend either 14 days of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) or 7 days of ciprofloxacin for the treatment of pyelonephritis. Antibiotic courses of 7 days of TMP-SMX versus 7 days of ciprofloxacin for pyelonephritis have not been previously compared. We evaluated the odds of a subsequent, symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) for women with E. coli pyelonephritis receiving a 7-day course of TMP-SMX versus a 7-day course of ciprofloxacin...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215835/the-swedish-infant-high-grade-reflux-trial-uti-and-renal-damage
#5
Josefin Nordenström, Sofia Sjöström, Ulla Sillén, Rune Sixt, Per Brandström
INTRODUCTION: High-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children is associated with recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal damage. Breakthrough UTI despite continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) during the first years of life is a matter of concern and evokes early intervention. We investigated whether early endoscopic treatment (ET) of VUR grade 4-5 can reduce the risk of UTI recurrence and renal scarring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled, multicentre, 1-year follow-up trial comprised 77 infants, <8 months of age with VUR grade 4-5 (Table) randomized to CAP (n = 39) or ET (with prophylaxis until resolution) (n = 38)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215176/the-comparison-the-serum-strem1-levels-between-children-with-upper-and-lower-uti
#6
Samileh Noorbakhsh, Fahime Ehsanipour, Vida Zarabi, Zahra Movahedi, Nahid Rahimzadeh
: Back ground: UTI is a common and important clinical problem in Iranian children which is often difficult on clinical grounds. Distinguishing the upper UTI from lower UTI is very important for clinician. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of serum STREM-1 level in patients with UTI to find out if it can use for distinguishing upper UTI from lower UTI or not. METHODS: In this prospective cross sectional study (2010-2011) we compared the serum level of STREM-1 (pg...
February 16, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#7
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209132/urinary-tract-infection-among-fistula-patients-admitted-at-hamlin-fistula-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#8
Matifan Dereje, Yimtubezinesh Woldeamanuel, Daneil Asrat, Fekade Ayenachew
BACKGROUND: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) causes a serious health problem and affects millions of people worldwide. Patients with obstetric fistula usually suffer from incontinence of urine and stool, which can predispose them to frequent infections of the urinary tract. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the etiologic agents, drug resistance pattern of the isolates and associated risk factor for urinary tract infection among fistula patients in Addis Ababa fistula hospital, Ethiopia...
February 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208857/emergence-of-hospital-acquired-carbapenem-resistant-non-fermenters-in-teaching-institute
#9
Hariom Sharan, Neeraj Katare, Aparna Pandey, Ganesh Shivmurti Bhatambare, Trupti Bajpai
INTRODUCTION: Non-Fermenting Gram Negative Bacilli (NFGNB) are emerging now-a-days because of their tendency to colonize various surfaces and inherent resistance to commonly used disinfectants. They are responsible for multi-drug resistant hospital acquired infections. Detection of carbapenem resistance mechanisms is essential for treatment and infection control purpose as can spread to other organisms causing hospital outbreaks. AIM: To characterize non-fermenters from various clinical samples and to detect different carbapenem resistance mechanisms in meropenem resistant isolates...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208530/re-impact-of-a-decision-making-aid-for-suspected-urinary-tract-infections-on-antibiotic-overuse-in-nursing-homes
#10
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193661/determining-the-clinical-utility-of-an-absolute-procalcitonin-value-for-predicting-a-positive-culture-result
#11
Erica M Caffarini, Joshua DeMott, Gourang Patel, Ishaq Lat
Various procalcitonin ranges have been established to guide antimicrobial therapy; however, there are no data that establish whether the initial procalcitonin value will determine the likelihood of a positive culture result. This study aims to establish if the initial procalcitonin value on clinical presentation can provide positive predictive value of any positive culture result.This was a retrospective study of 813 medical intensive care unit patients. Data points collected included patient demographics, procalcitonin assays, source of infection, culture results, and length of stay...
February 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192735/risk-factors-for-postoperative-urinary-tract-infection-following-midurethral-sling-procedures
#12
Melike Doganay, Sabri Cavkaytar, Mahmut Kuntay Kokanali, Irfan Ozer, Orhan Seyfi Aksakal, Salim Erkaya
OBJECTIVE: To identify the potential risk factors for urinary tract infections following midurethral sling procedures. STUDY DESIGN: 556 women who underwent midurethral sling procedure due to stress urinary incontinence over a four-year period were reviewed in this retrospective study. Of the study population, 280 women underwent TVT procedures and 276 women underwent TOT procedures. Patients were evaluated at 4-8 weeks postoperatively and were investigated for the occurrence of a urinary tract infection...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190700/epidemiology-of-escherichia-coli-bacteraemia-in-england-results-of-an-enhanced-sentinel-surveillance-programme
#13
J Abernethy, R Guy, E A Sheridan, S Hopkins, M Kiernan, M H Wilcox, A P Johnson, R Hope
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli causes more than one-third of the bacteraemia cases in England each year, and the incidence of these infections is increasing. AIM: To determine the underlying risk factors associated with E. coli bacteraemia. METHODS: A three-month enhanced sentinel surveillance study involving 35 National Health Service hospitals was undertaken in the winter of 2012/13 to collect risk factor information and further details on the underlying source of infection to augment data already collected by the English national surveillance programme...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187754/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-organisms-causing-urinary-tract-infections-in-sri-lanka-and-their-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
M M P S C Fernando, W A N V Luke, J K N D Miththinda, R D S S Wickramasinghe, B S Sebastiampillai, M P M L Gunathilake, F H D S Silva, R Premaratna
BACKGROUND: Extended Spectrum Beta- Lactamase producing organisms causing urinary tract infections (ESBL-UTI) are increasing in incidence and pose a major burden to health care. While ESBL producing Klebsiella species seem to account for most nosocomial outbreaks, ESBL-producing E. coli have been isolated from both hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients. Although 95-100% ESBL organisms are still considered sensitive to meropenem, rapid emergence of carbapenem resistance has been documented in many countries...
February 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185802/infection-in-burn-patients-in-a-referral-center-in-colombia
#15
Carlos Enrique Ramirez-Blanco, Carlos Enrique Ramirez-Rivero, Luis Alfonso Diaz-Martinez, Luis Miguel Sosa-Avila
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, burns are responsible for more than 300,000 deaths annually; infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Early identification and treatment of infection improves outcome. Toward this end it's necessary to identify the institutions flora and organisms that most frequently produces infection. OBJECTIVES: To characterize infections developed by burn patients hospitalized at the University Hospital of Santander (HUS)...
February 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185626/prevalence-of-concomitant-acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-neonates-with-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sowdhamini S Wallace, Danielle N Brown, Andrea T Cruz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of concomitant acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in neonates with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study from 2005 to 2013 of infants ≤30 days old evaluated in the emergency department of a quaternary care children's hospital with fever and laboratory-confirmed UTI. Definite ABM was defined as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture with growth of pathogenic bacteria and probable ABM if pleocytosis with ≥ 20 white blood cell was present in an antibiotic-pretreated patient...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182124/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-among-ethiopian-children
#17
Melese Hailu Legese, Gebru Mulugeta Weldearegay, Daniel Asrat
BACKGROUND: Infections by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- (ESBL) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are an emerging problem in children nowadays. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae among children suspected of septicemia and urinary tract infections (UTIs). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2014. A total of 322 study participants suspected of septicemia and UTIs were recruited...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160088/antibiotic-use-and-the-prevention-and-management-of-infectious-complications-in-stone-disease
#18
Daniel A Wollin, Adrian D Joyce, Mantu Gupta, Michael Y C Wong, Pilar Laguna, Stavros Gravas, Jorge Gutierrez, Luigi Cormio, Kunjie Wang, Glenn M Preminger
The importance of assessing perioperative urine/stone cultures and providing appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis prior to shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) or endoscopic intervention cannot be minimized. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common complication relating to stone intervention. Adequate assessment of culture data and adherence to appropriate guidelines may prevent the development of UTI and the potential for post-intervention urosepsis. This review outlines the current evidence for prophylaxis in the prevention of UTI and urosepsis, as well as the interpretation of stone culture data to provide an evidence-based approach for the judicious use of antibiotics in urologic stone practice...
February 3, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155015/nitrofurantoin-safety-and-effectiveness-in-treating-acute-uncomplicated-cystitis-auc-in-hospitalized-adults-with-renal-insufficiency-antibiotic-stewardship-implications
#19
B A Cunha, C B Cunha, B Lam, J Giuga, J Chin, V F Zafonte, S Gerson
Nitrofurantoin remains a key oral antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) option in the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) due to multi-drug resistant (MDR) Gram negative bacilli (GNB). However, there have been concerns regarding decreased nitrofurantoin efficacy with renal insufficiency. In our experience over the past three decades, nitrofurantoin has been safe and effective in treating AUC in hospitalized adults with renal insufficiency. Accordingly, we retrospectively reviewed our recent experience treating AUC in hospitalized adults with decreased renal function (CrCl < 60 ml/min) with nitrofurantoin...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154883/-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#20
E Lellig, M Apfelbeck, J Straub, A Karl, S Tritschler, C G Stief, M Riccabona
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections in children. The symptoms are not very specific and range from abdominal pain, poor feeding to nocturnal urinary incontinence. The technique of collecting urine plays an important role for securing the diagnosis. The best way to obtain urine in non-toilet-trained children is catheterization or suprapubic bladder aspiration. In toilet-trained children midstream urine is an acceptable alternative after cleaning the foreskin or labia. In the case of an infection a prompt empirical antibiotic therapy is necessary to reduce the risk of parenchymal scarring of the kidneys...
February 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
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