keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body weight support gait

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600688/early-robot-assisted-gait-retraining-in-non-ambulatory-patients-with-stroke-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Andreas Mayr, Ellen Quirbach, Alessandro Picelli, Markus Kofler, Nicola Smania, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND: Restoration of walking function is a primary concern of neurorehabilitation with respect to the aspired social and vocational reintegration. To date, the best practice for improving gait early after stroke is still object of debate. On one hand, repetitive task-specific approaches with higher intensities of walking have been observed to result in greater improvements of gait after stroke. Conversely there is some evidence that conventional gait training would be more effective for facilitating walking ability after stroke...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562560/treadmill-training-in-parkinson-s-patients-after-deep-brain-stimulation-effects-on-gait-kinematic
#2
N M S Luna, P R G Lucareli, V C Sales, D Speciali, A C Alonso, M D Peterson, R B M Rodrigues, E T Fonoffc, E R Barbosac, M J Teixeira, J M D A Greve
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of treadmill training with body weight support on gait kinematics parameters in patients with PD using DBS. DESIGN: Twelve patients completed the protocols (age: 60.9±10.6 years; disease duration: 20±7 years; and time since DBS surgery: 20±4 months). The same set of patients underwent two trainings protocols and four gait analyses (before and after each training). They received eight weeks of treadmill training without body weight support (16 sessions) in conjunction with physiotherapy program followed by six weeks of wash out period, followed by eight weeks of body-weight-supported treadmill training in conjunction with a same physiotherapy program...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535874/partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#3
Laura Alice Santos de Oliveira, Camilla Polonini Martins, Carlos Henrique Ramos Horsczaruk, Débora Cristina Lima da Silva, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, Agnaldo José Lopes, Míriam Raquel Meira Mainenti, Erika de Carvalho Rodrigues
Background and Purpose: The motor impairments related to gait and balance have a huge impact on the life of individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). Here, the aim was to assess the possibility of retraining gait, improving cardiopulmonary capacity, and challenging balance during gait in SCA using a partial body weight support (BWS) and a treadmill. Also, the effects of this training over functionality and quality of life were investigated. Methods: Eight SCA patients were engaged in the first stage of the study that focused on gait training and cardiovascular conditioning...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494820/influence-of-stride-frequency-manipulation-on-muscle-activity-during-running-with-body-weight-support
#4
Kenji Masumoto, Jared Joerger, John A Mercer
BACKGROUND: Running with body weight support (BWS) has been used for physical fitness enhancement. Nevertheless, gait mechanics of running with BWS is not fully understood. RESEARCH QUESTION: We investigated influence of stride frequency manipulation on muscle activity during running at various BWS conditions. METHODS: Nineteen participants (23.8 ± 4.1 years) ran on a lower body positive pressure treadmill at their preferred speed and preferred stride frequency (PSF) for 0%BWS, 50%BWS, and 80%BWS conditions...
February 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444172/motor-and-psychosocial-impact-of-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-a-real-world-rehabilitation-setting-a-pilot-study
#5
Cira Fundarò, Anna Giardini, Roberto Maestri, Silvia Traversoni, Michelangelo Bartolo, Roberto Casale
In the last decade robotic devices have been applied in rehabilitation to overcome walking disability in neurologic diseases with promising results. Robot assisted gait training (RAGT) using the Lokomat seems not only to improve gait parameters but also the perception of well-being. Data on the psychosocial patient-robot impact are limited, in particular in the real-world of RAGT, in the rehabilitation setting. During rehabilitation training, the Lokomat can be considered an "assistive device for movement"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435956/robot-assisted-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-in-gait-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Marek Łyp, Iwona Stanisławska, Bożena Witek, Ewelina Olszewska-Żaczek, Małgorzata Czarny-Działak, Ryszard Kaczor
This study deals with the use of a robot-assisted body-weight-supported treadmill training in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with gait dysfunction. Twenty MS patients (10 men and 10 women) of the mean of 46.3 ± 8.5 years were assigned to a six-week-long training period with the use of robot-assisted treadmill training of increasing intensity of the Lokomat type. The outcome measure consisted of the difference in motion-dependent torque of lower extremity joint muscles after training compared with baseline before training...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398885/underactuated-potential-energy-shaping-with-contact-constraints-application-to-a-powered-knee-ankle-orthosis
#7
Ge Lv, Robert D Gregg
Body-weight support (i.e., gravity compensation) is an effective clinical tool for gait rehabilitation after neurological impairment. Body-weight supported training systems have been developed to help patients regain mobility and confidence during walking, but conventional systems constrain the patient's treatment in clinical environments. We propose that this challenge could be addressed by virtually providing patients with bodyweight support through the actuators of a powered orthosis (or exoskeleton) utilizing potential energy shaping control...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology: a Publication of the IEEE Control Systems Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381946/efficacy-and-safety-of-9-nonoperative-regimens-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-cord-injury-a-network-meta-analysis
#8
Da-Nian Ma, Xia-Qi Zhang, Jie Ying, Zhong-Jun Chen, Li-Xin Li
OBJECTIVE: This network meta-analysis aims to compare the efficacy and safety of 9 nonoperative regimens (placebo, pregabalin, GM-1 ganglioside, venlafaxine extended-release [venlafaxine XR], fampridine, conventional over-ground training [OT], body-weight-supported treadmill training [BWSTT], robotic-assisted gait training [RAGT] + OT and body-weight-supported over-ground training [BWSOT]) in treating spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Clinical controlled trials of 9 nonoperative regimens for SCI were retrieved in the electronic database...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367655/author-correction-is-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-or-robotic-assisted-gait-training-superior-to-overground-gait-training-and-other-forms-of-physiotherapy-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#9
J Mehrholz, L A Harvey, S Thomas, B Elsner
The original article can be found online at https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2017.31 .
January 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276707/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-values-for-predictions-of-knee-forces-during-gait-and-stair-ascent-derived-from-the-freebody-musculoskeletal-model-of-the-lower-limb
#10
Phil D B Price, Conor Gissane, Daniel J Cleather
FreeBody is a musculoskeletal model of the lower limb used to calculate predictions of muscle and joint contact forces. The validation of FreeBody has been described in a number of publications; however, its reliability has yet to be established. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to establish the test-retest reliability of FreeBody in a population of healthy adults in order to add support to previous and future research using FreeBody that demonstrates differences between cohorts after an intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238181/the-link-between-weight-shift-asymmetry-and-gait-disturbances-in-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke-patients
#11
Andrzej Szopa, Małgorzata Domagalska-Szopa, Anetta Lasek-Bal, Amadeusz Żak
Introduction: While the asymmetry of body posture and the asymmetrical nature of hemiparetic gait in poststroke (PS) patients are well documented, the role of weight shift asymmetry in gait disorders after stroke remains unclear. Objective: We examined the association of weight-bearing asymmetry (WBA) between paretic and nonparetic lower limbs during quiet standing with the degree of deviation of hemiplegic gait from normal gait evaluated by the Gillette Gait Index (GGI) incorporating 16 distinct clinically important kinematic and temporal parameters in chronic PS patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197402/manual-physical-balance-assistance-of-therapists-during-gait-training-of-stroke-survivors-characteristics-and-predicting-the-timing
#12
Juliet A M Haarman, Erik Maartens, Herman van der Kooij, Jaap H Buurke, Jasper Reenalda, Johan S Rietman
BACKGROUND: During gait training, physical therapists continuously supervise stroke survivors and provide physical support to their pelvis when they judge that the patient is unable to keep his balance. This paper is the first in providing quantitative data about the corrective forces that therapists use during gait training. It is assumed that changes in the acceleration of a patient's COM are a good predictor for therapeutic balance assistance during the training sessions Therefore, this paper provides a method that predicts the timing of therapeutic balance assistance, based on acceleration data of the sacrum...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170984/clinical-nutrition-and-physical-rehabilitation-in-a-long-term-care-setting-preliminary-observations-in-sarcopenic-older-patients
#13
Sergio Dimori, Giorgio Leoni, Luca Fior, Fulvio Gasparotto
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia could have a negative prognostic impact in long-term care residents, which are characterized by multiple comorbidities and a high level of dependence. However, there is limited evidence on its prevalence and management in this healthcare setting. METHODS: All residents living in a long-term care institution were screened for the presence of sarcopenia. Sarcopenic patients in whom functional status could be assessed were included, based on the Tinetti scale (TS) score, in two parallel single-arm trials and received a specific nutritional supplement for muscle mass recovery in combination (TS ≥ 10) or not (TS < 10) with a supervised physical exercise rehabilitation program for 12 months...
November 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164023/type-and-timing-of-rehabilitation-following-acute-and-subacute-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Anthony S Burns, Ralph J Marino, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, James W Middleton, Lindsay A Tetreault, Joseph R Dettori, Kathryn E Mihalovich, Michael G Fehlings
Objectives: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to address the following clinical questions: In adult patients with acute and subacute complete or incomplete traumatic SCI, (1) does the time interval between injury and commencing rehabilitation affect outcome?; (2) what is the comparative effectiveness of different rehabilitation strategies, including different intensities and durations of treatment?; (3) are there patient or injury characteristics that affect the efficacy of rehabilitation?; and (4) what is the cost-effectiveness of various rehabilitation strategies? Methods: A systematic search was conducted for literature published through March 31, 2015 that evaluated rehabilitation strategies in adults with acute or subacute traumatic SCI at any level...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107706/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-the-supplementary-motor-area-body-weight-supported-treadmill-gait-training-in-hemiparetic-patients-after-stroke
#15
Atsushi Manji, Kazu Amimoto, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Yoshiaki Wada, Akira Inaba, Sangkyun Ko
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is used in a variety of disorders after stroke including upper limb motor dysfunctions, hemispatial neglect, aphasia, and apraxia, and its effectiveness has been demonstrated. Although gait ability is important for daily living, there were few reports of the use of tDCS to improve balance and gait ability. The supplementary motor area (SMA) was reported to play a potentially important role in balance recovery after stroke. We aimed to investigate the effect of combined therapy body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) and tDCS on gait function recovery of stroke patients...
January 1, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104363/towards-total-energy-shaping-control-of-lower-limb-exoskeletons
#16
Ge Lv, Robert D Gregg
Current robotic exoskeletons enforce fixed reference joint patterns during gait rehabilitation. These control methods aim to replicate normative joint kinematics but do not facilitate learning patient-specific kinematics. Trajectory-free control methods for exoskeletons are required to promote user control over joint kinematics. Our prior work on potential energy shaping provides virtual body-weight support through a trajectory-free control law, but altering only the gravitational forces does not assist the subject in accelerating/decelerating the body forward...
May 2017: Proceedings of the ... American Control Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077960/locomotor-training-and-strength-and-balance-exercises-for-walking-recovery-after-stroke-response-to-number-of-training-sessions
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dorian K Rose, Stephen E Nadeau, Samuel S Wu, Julie K Tilson, Bruce H Dobkin, Qinglin Pei, Pamela W Duncan
Background: Evidence-based guidelines are needed to inform rehabilitation practice, including the effect of number of exercise training sessions on recovery of walking ability after stroke. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the response to increasing number of training sessions of 2 interventions-locomotor training and strength and balance exercises-on poststroke walking recovery. Design: This is a secondary analysis of the Locomotor Experience Applied Post-Stroke (LEAPS) randomized controlled trial...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058553/effects-of-body-weight-support-treadmill-training-on-postural-sway-and-gait-independence-in-patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Felipe Covarrubias-Escudero, Gonzalo Rivera-Lillo, Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Gonzalo Varas-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a six-week body weight-support treadmill training (BWSTT) program on center-of-mass control and gait independence in chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) patients. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Clinica Los Coihues. Neurorehabilitation center in Santiago, Chile. PARTICIPANTS: 17 chronic iSCI patients and 17 healthy subjects. OUTCOME MEASURES: An instrumented sway (ISway) test was performed before and after the implementation of a six-week BWSTT program...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923661/the-influence-of-the-aquatic-environment-on-the-center-of-pressure-impulses-and-upper-and-lower-trunk-accelerations-during-gait-initiation
#19
Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli, Kei Masani, Hossein Rouhani, Ana M Barela, Gustavo T B Fernandes, Mary C Verrier, Milos R Popovic
Gait initiation is defined as the transition from stationary standing to steady-state walking. Despite the frequent use of therapy pools for training walking in early stages of rehabilitation, none have been reported on the effects of immersion on gait initiation. We aimed to analyze the center of pressure (COP) trajectories, the vertical and anteroposterior impulses and upper and lower trunk accelerations during anticipatory (APA) and execution phases of gait initiation. In the COP trajectory, the execution (EXE) phase was further subdivided in two phases: predominantly mediolateral (EXE1), and predominantly anteroposterior (EXE2)...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903771/novel-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-gait-changes-in-body-weight-supported-treadmill-trained-rats-following-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Nathan D Neckel
BACKGROUND: Common gait measures such as stride length, cycle time, and step height are not independent variables, but different aspects of the same multidimensional step. This complicates comparisons between experimental groups. Here we present a novel multidimensional gait analysis method and use this method to assess the ability of body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) to improve rodent stepping after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: In lieu of reducing a step to a collection of gait measures and comparing the means of several of these, we developed a multidimensional analysis technique that compares the step as a whole...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
52996
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"