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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045954/-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-as-leading-manifestation-of-methylmalonic-aciduria-clinical-characteristics-and-gene-testing-in-15-cases
#1
X Q Liu, H Yan, J X Qiu, C Y Zhang, J G Qi, X Zhang, H J Xiao, Y L Yang, Y H Chen, J B DU
OBJECTIVE: To deepen our understanding of Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) associated pulmonary hypertension (PH) by analyzing the characteristics of clinical presentation, pulmonary high resolusion CT(HRCT), treatment response and gene mutation. METHODS: This study includes 15 cases of pediatric patients with MMA associated PH diagnosed and treated in Peking University First Hospital pediatric department between May 2012 and May 2016 with symptoms of PH as their leading presentation...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041822/when-i-do-i-become-someone-experiences-of-occupational-performance-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Lena Bergqvist, Ann-Marie Öhrvall, Kate Himmelmann, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
PURPOSE: Persons with cerebral palsy, even if they have relatively good motor functions, have a lower level of independence and participation in everyday activities than persons of the same age without disabilities. However, there are few descriptions of how persons with cerebral palsy themselves perceive their performance of activities in everyday life. The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that young adults with cerebral palsy have of occupational performance in everyday life...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037619/evidence-based-effects-of-yoga-practice-on-various-health-related-problems-of-elderly-people-a-review
#3
A Mooventhan, L Nivethitha
More than 50% of the elderly above 60 years of age suffer from chronic medical conditions, the prevalence of which increases with age. Though Yoga has been reported as an effective modality in improving various physical and psychological aspects of elderly populations, a comprehensive review of Yoga and its effects on various health related problems of elderly populations has not yet been reported. Hence, we performed PubMed/Medline search to review relevant articles, using keyword "yoga and elderly". Relevant articles published since inception till 6th October 2016 were included for the review...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031926/monitoring-driver-fatigue-using-a-single-channel-electroencephalographic-device-a-validation-study-by-gaze-based-driving-performance-and-subjective-data
#4
José M Morales, Carolina Díaz-Piedra, Héctor Rieiro, Joaquín Roca-González, Samuel Romero, Andrés Catena, Luis J Fuentes, Leandro L Di Stasi
Driver fatigue can impair performance as much as alcohol does. It is the most important road safety concern, causing thousands of accidents and fatalities every year. Thanks to technological developments, wearable, single-channel EEG devices are now getting considerable attention as fatigue monitors, as they could help drivers to assess their own levels of fatigue and, therefore, prevent the deterioration of performance. However, the few studies that have used single-channel EEG devices to investigate the physiological effects of driver fatigue have had inconsistent results, and the question of whether we can monitor driver fatigue reliably with these EEG devices remains open...
October 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022404/the-significance-of-breastfeeding-on-sleep-patterns-during-the-first-48%C3%A2-hours-postpartum-for-first-time-mothers
#5
O Hughes, M M Mohamad, P Doyle, G Burke
Postpartum women sleep less during the early days following delivery. Long-term sleep disturbance and fatigue can have significant implications for physical and mental health, relationships, employment and parental competence. Most studies focus on the quality and quantity of maternal sleep between weeks one and six postpartum. We explored sleep patterns and reasons for wakefulness of first-time mothers immediately following delivery. Thirty first-time mothers completed a postnatal sleep questionnaire, detailing their total sleep time (TST), the reasons for being awake and their level of fatigue...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021894/occupational-stress-and-the-importance-of-self-care-and-resilience-focus-on-veterinary-nursing
#6
REVIEW
Ciaran Lloyd, Deirdre P Campion
BACKGROUND: Burnout and compassion fatigue are frequently mentioned in relation to veterinary work. Veterinary nursing is a caring profession and those who seek a career within this field do so because of a natural empathetic desire to care for animals. However it is the individuals who are the most caring and empathetic towards others that will be most at risk of experiencing occupational stress when they are confronted with psychologically demanding workplace roles and working environments...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021568/the-brain-and-immune-system-prompt-energy-shortage-in-chronic-inflammation-and-ageing
#7
REVIEW
Rainer H Straub
Sequelae frequently seen in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases, such as fatigue, depressed mood, sleep alterations, loss of appetite, muscle wasting, cachectic obesity, bone loss and hypertension, can be the result of energy shortages caused by an overactive immune system. These sequelae can also be found in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases that are in remission and in ageing individuals, despite the immune system being less active in these situations. This Perspectives article proposes a new way of understanding situations of chronic inflammation (such as rheumatic diseases) and ageing based on the principles of evolutionary medicine, energy regulation and neuroendocrine-immune crosstalk...
October 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992554/stress-in-fathers-in-the-perinatal-period-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Serena FitzGerald, Eileen Savage
BACKGROUND: despite the evidence that fatherhood has a long-term positive and protective effect on men's health, there is also evidence that fatherhood in the perinatal period can be complex and demanding. Due to the potential increase in stressors in the perinatal period, there is reason to hypothesise that it is a time of increased stress for fathers. However, it is not clear how significant a problem stress is for fathers during this stage of life. This is in part, due to the fact that the available research has not been systematically reviewed...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992218/long-term-consequences-of-renal-insufficiency-in-children-lessons-learned-from-the-dutch-leric-study
#9
Jaap W Groothoff, Martin Offringa, Martha Grootenhuis, Kitty J Jager
Few data exist on the prospects in adulthood for children on chronic renal replacement therapy (RRT). This article summarizes the results of a comprehensive Dutch long-term follow-up study performed in 2000 and 2010 of patients with RRT onset at age <15 years between 1972 and 1992. After a median of 25.5 RRT years, patients had stayed 23% of RRT time on dialysis. We observed a 30 times greater mortality risk compared with age-matched peers with cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the main cause of death during 1972-2000 and infections during 2000-10...
July 7, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988517/developing-and-testing-a-consensus-based-core-set-of-outcome-measures-for-rehabilitation-in-musculoskeletal-diseases
#10
M Klokkerud, H Dagfinrud, T Uhlig, T N Dager, K-A Furunes, Å Klokkeide, M Larsen, S Nygård, S Nylenna, L Øie, I Kjeken
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation is important for people with musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), and evaluating the effect of rehabilitation on both an individual and group level is advocated. A consensus concerning use of outcome measures will improve collaboration between healthcare providers, and increase the possibility of conducting meta-analyses in future research. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus-based core set of outcome measures for rehabilitation in MSDs, and to test the feasibility and responsiveness of the set...
October 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985742/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#11
Alyssa Halper, Mary C Hooke, Maria Teresa Gonzalez-Bolanos, Nancy Vanderburg, Thang N Tran, Jane Torkelson, Kyriakie Sarafoglou
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) require life-long glucocorticoid replacement and have daily intermittent hyper/hypocortisolemia and hyperandrogenemia. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is important for understanding the impact the disease and therapy have on physical, mental, emotional, and social functioning. Little is known about HRQL in CAH. We compared HRQL in children with CAH to healthy norms and examined how these scores related to physiologic variables...
October 6, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983273/mental-fatigue-and-spatial-references-impair-soccer-players-physical-and-tactical-performances
#12
Diogo Coutinho, Bruno Gonçalves, Bruno Travassos, Del P Wong, Aaron J Coutts, Jaime E Sampaio
This study examined the effects of mental fatigue and additional corridor and pitch sector lines on players' physical and tactical performances during soccer small-sided games. Twelve youth players performed four Gk+6vs6+Gk small-sided games. Prior to the game, one team performed a motor coordination task to induce mental fatigue, while the other one performed a control task. A repeated measures design allowed to compare players' performances across four conditions: (a) with mental fatigue against opponents without mental fatigue in a normal pitch (MEN), (b) with mental fatigue on a pitch with additional reference lines (#MEN); (c) without mental fatigue against mentally fatigued opponents on a normal pitch (CTR); and (d) without mental fatigue on a pitch with reference lines (#CTR)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977041/physical-psychological-and-occupational-consequences-of-job-burnout-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-studies
#13
Denise Albieri Jodas Salvagioni, Francine Nesello Melanda, Arthur Eumann Mesas, Alberto Durán González, Flávia Lopes Gabani, Selma Maffei de Andrade
Burnout is a syndrome that results from chronic stress at work, with several consequences to workers' well-being and health. This systematic review aimed to summarize the evidence of the physical, psychological and occupational consequences of job burnout in prospective studies. The PubMed, Science Direct, PsycInfo, SciELO, LILACS and Web of Science databases were searched without language or date restrictions. The Transparent Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. Prospective studies that analyzed burnout as the exposure condition were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976025/subjective-complaints-after-acquired-brain-injury-presentation-of-the-brain-injury-complaint-questionnaire-bicoq
#14
Claire Vallat-Azouvi, Cyrille Paillat, Stéphanie Bercovici, Bénédicte Morin, Julie Paquereau, James Charanton, Idir Ghout, Philippe Azouvi
The objective of the present study was to present a new complaint questionnaire designed to assess a wide range of difficulties commonly reported by patients with acquired brain injury. Patients (n =  619) had been referred to a community re-entry service at a chronic stage after brain injury, mainly traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Brain Injury Complaint Questionnaire (BICoQ) includes 25 questions in the following domains: cognition, behavior, fatigue and sleep, mood, and somatic problems. A self and a proxy questionnaire were given...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971436/long-term-survival-of-women-with-breast-cancer-overview-supportive-care-needs-assessment-instruments
#15
Parthenopi Ktistaki, Nephely Alevra, Maria Voulgari
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, breast cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death (after lung, stomach, liver and colon cancer), while among women it is first on the list. The incidence of breast cancer has made a dramatic increase since 1970 which is partly interpreted by the modern western life standards. The expected risk of breast cancer throughout a lifespan of an average is 1 in 11 women. The five-year survival rates for breast cancer are at 80% if it has not spread, and only at 40% for the metastatic type of cancer...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971173/a-comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-amitriptilin-and-pregabalin-treatment-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#16
Gunseli Acet, Arzu Kaya, Semra Akturk, Gurkan Akgol
OBJECTIVE: The present study is a comparison of the effectiveness of amitriptyline and pregabalin on the symptoms of fibromyalgia patients. METHODS: A total of 71 female patients aged ≥18 years were included in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Pregabalin (n=36) or amitriptyline (n=35) treatment was initiated at daily oral dose of 450 mg and 25 mg, respectively for the indicated number of patients. The patients were evaluated at the start of treatment and at the end of 12 weeks...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955499/impact-of-tocilizumab-monotherapy-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-from-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
Vibeke Strand, Margaret Michalska, Christine Birchwood, Jinglan Pei, Katie Tuckwell, Rebecca Finch, Cem Gabay, Arthur Kavanaugh, Graeme Jones
OBJECTIVE: Two randomised controlled trials, AMBITION (NCT00109408) and ADACTA (NCT01119859), showed tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy superior to methotrexate (MTX) and adalimumab (ADA) monotherapy, respectively, for improving rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity. This study compared the benefit of TCZ versus MTX or ADA monotherapy for improving patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with RA. METHODS: PROs included patient global assessment (PtGA), pain, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue and Short Form-36 (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) and eight domain scores...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954338/-the-application-and-influence-factors-of-facit-fatigue-scale-in-sle-patients
#18
H J Li, Q Du, S Y Wang, S Q Guan, H H Zhan, W Tian, Y X Shao, Z Y Zhang, Y F Mei
Objective: To evaluate the application and influence factors of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT-Fatigue) scale in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: SF-36 questionnaires were used to estimate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of SLE patients in Chinese Han population.FACIT-Fatigue scale was applied to measure fatigue.Disease activity was determined by SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), meanwhile demographic parameters such as gender, disease duration, etc...
September 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952829/mental-fatigue-and-physical-and-cognitive-performance-during-a-two-bout-exercise-test
#19
Susan Vrijkotte, Romain Meeusen, Cloe Vandervaeren, Luk Buyse, Jeroen van Cutsem, Nathalie Pattyn, Bart Roelands
PURPOSE: The two bout exercise protocol has been developed to diagnose non-functional overreaching (NFO) and the 'Overtraining Syndrome' (OTS). It consists of two maximal exercise bouts separated by 4 hours. Mental fatigue negatively influences performance but the effects of its occurrence during the two bout exercise protocol have never been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine whether mental fatigue (induced during the rest period) influences physical and cognitive performance during/after the second exercise bout of the two bout exercise protocol...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951724/prior-mental-fatigue-impairs-marksmanship-decision-performance
#20
James Head, Matthew S Tenan, Andrew J Tweedell, Michael E LaFiandra, Frank Morelli, Kyle M Wilson, Samson V Ortega, William S Helton
Purpose: Mental fatigue has been shown to impair subsequent physical performance in continuous and discontinuous exercise. However, its influence on subsequent fine-motor performance in an applied setting (e.g., marksmanship for trained soldiers) is relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether prior mental fatigue influences subsequent marksmanship performance as measured by shooting accuracy and judgment of soldiers in a live-fire scenario. Methods: Twenty trained infantry soldiers engaged targets after completing either a mental fatigue or control intervention in a repeated measure design...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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