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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466848/factors-associated-with-treatment-interruption-in-elderly-patients-with-cancer
#1
Hye Sung Won, Der Sheng Sun, Ji Young Choi, Ho Jung An, Yoon Ho Ko
Background/Aims: This study was conducted to identify risk factors that predict vulnerability to cancer therapy on the basis of the clinical, geriatric, and quality of life assessment before starting treatment in elderly patients. Methods: Seventy-five patients aged 65 years and over with newly diagnosed stage IV solid cancer receiving chemotherapy were analyzed. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The geriatric assessment was performed using the Korean versions of the Modified Barthel Index, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Mini-Mental State Examination, and Geriatric Depression Scale...
February 23, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463245/fatigue-in-chronically-critically-ill-patients-following-intensive-care-reliability-and-validity-of-the-multidimensional-fatigue-inventory-mfi-20
#2
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: Fatigue often occurs as long-term complication in chronically critically ill (CCI) patients after prolonged intensive care treatment. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) has been established as valid instrument to measure fatigue in a wide range of medical illnesses. Regarding the measurement of fatigue in CCI patients, the psychometric properties of the MFI-20 have not been investigated so far. Thus, the present study examines reliability and validity of the MFI-20 in CCI patients...
February 20, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461861/measurement-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-mental-fatigue-scale-for-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Wei Li, Jiann-Her Lin, Yu-Kai Su, En-Yuan Lin, Pei-Shan Tsai
OBJECTIVES: To translate the Mental Fatigue Scale into a Chinese version (CMFS), to develop a more valid and precise CMFS by using an item response theory-based model, and to examine the reliability and validity of the CMFS. METHODS: One hundred and fifty adults having traumatic brain injury for at least 6 months were included. Each participant completed a battery of questionnaires (i.e. the Chinese version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale [ChCFS], Chinese version of the Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale [CUDOS-Chinese], and CMFS)...
February 20, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460699/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-responder-index-response-is-associated-with-global-benefit-for-patients-with-sle
#4
R Furie, L Wang, G Illei, J Drappa
A post-hoc analysis of pooled data from two Phase IIb trials (sifalimumab; NCT01283139, anifrolumab; NCT01438489) assessed the clinical significance of a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Responder Index (SRI(4)) response (Week 52) for 736 patients with moderate to severe SLE disease activity (study entry). SRI(4) responders achieved significantly greater improvements in clinical outcome measures (including percentages of patients with a ≥ 7-point reduction in SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)-2000 (2K), British Isles Lupus Assessment Group "A" or "2B" flare rate, and oral corticosteroid reduction to ≤7...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454465/fatigue-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-problems-in-hospital-nurses
#5
Ahmad Bazazan, Iman Dianat, Zohreh Mombeini, Aydin Aynehchi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships among quality of life (QoL), mental health problems and fatigue among hospital nurses, and to test whether fatigue and its multiple dimensions would mediate the effect of QoL on mental health problems. Data were collected using questionnaires (including the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF [WHOQOL-BREF], General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-12] and Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory [MFI-20] for evaluation of QoL, mental health problems and fatigue, respectively) from 990 Iranian hospital nurses, and analysed by generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM)...
February 14, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453745/investigating-the-effectiveness-acceptability-and-impact-on-healthcare-usage-of-providing-a-cognitive-behavioural-based-psychological-therapy-service-for-patients-with-primary-antibody-deficiency
#6
Mari Campbell, Alex Clarke, Andrew Symes, Sarita Workman, Hans Stauss, A David Webster
PURPOSE: Patients with primary antibody deficiency report poorer quality of life and higher rates of anxiety and depression than the general population. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has been shown to be a valuable treatment for patients with other long-term physical health conditions, improving well-being and enabling them to manage their symptoms more effectively. The aim of this project was to establish the feasibility and effectiveness of providing cognitive-behavioral based therapy to patients with primary antibody deficiency...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425582/identifying-the-best-sleep-measure-to-screen-clinical-insomnia-in-a-psychiatric-population
#7
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Edimansyah Abdin, Sherilyn Chang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are highly prevalent among patients with psychiatric disorders, and this mandates the need to identify the best self-administered sleep measure to screen for clinical insomnia among them. METHODS: A total of 400 psychiatric outpatients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Flinders Fatigue Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale in a cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424807/two-year-methylphenidate-treatment-of-mental-fatigue-and-cognitive-function-after-a-traumatic-brain-injury-a-clinical-prospective-study
#8
Birgitta Johansson, Anna-Pia Wentzel, Paulin Andréll, Lars Rönnbäck, Clas Mannheimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424609/effects-of-mental-fatigue-on-physical-endurance-performance-and-muscle-activation-are-attenuated-by-monetary-incentives
#9
Denver M Y Brown, Steven R Bray
Physical performance is impaired following cognitive control exertion. Incentives can ameliorate adverse carryover effects of cognitive control exertion but have not been investigated for physical endurance. This study examined the effect of monetary incentives on physical performance and muscle activation following exposure to a mentally fatiguing, cognitive control task. Participants (N = 82) performed two isometric endurance handgrip trials separated by a 12-min cognitive control manipulation using a 2 (high cognitive control [HCC]/low cognitive control [LCC]) × 2 (incentive/no incentive) design...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411314/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-an-exercise-telephone-counseling-intervention-for-hematologic-cancer-survivors-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
James R Vallerand, Ryan E Rhodes, Gordon J Walker, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Supervised exercise interventions produce the largest improvements in patient-reported outcomes in cancer survivors but their scalability has been questioned. Telephone counseling has been proposed as a more feasible alternative but its impact on exercise behavior and health outcomes have been modest. Basing telephone counseling exercise (TCE) interventions on the theoretical advances described in the multi-process action control framework (M-PAC) may improve these outcomes...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411233/applying-attention-restoration-theory-to-understand-and-address-clergy-s-need-to-restore-cognitive-capacity
#11
Chelsea Gill, Jan Packer, Roy Ballantyne
Attention Restoration Theory is applied to explore the causes and consequences of mental fatigue in clergy and suggest practical interventions to restore cognitive wellbeing. Previous research has investigated the physical and emotional health and wellbeing of clergy, but has largely neglected clergy cognitive wellbeing. Due to the demanding nature of their work, clergy are particularly susceptible to mental fatigue and depletion of their capacity to maintain attention. Symptoms include inability to focus attention, inhibit distractions, make decisions or solve problems...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407541/unique-trajectories-of-anxiety-among-chinese-canadian-women-across-the-first-postpartum-year-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#12
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Susitha Wanigaratne, Hilary K Brown, Sophie Grigoriadis, Flavia C Marini, Simone N Vigod
BACKGROUND: Our objectives were to identify subtypes of Chinese-Canadian women with unique trajectories of anxiety symptomatology over the first postpartum year, investigate covariates associated with group membership, and determine if mental healthcare utilization varies by group membership. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study of 570 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto, Canada with live births in 2010-2014. Covariates were age, immigrant status, income, fatigue, social support, acculturative stress, and depression...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405777/predictors-and-effects-of-anti-obesity-message-fatigue-a-thought-listing-analysis
#13
Jiyeon So, Nizia Alam
The prevalence of messages advocating weight management has likely resulted in considerable anti-obesity message fatigue but the phenomenon remains understudied. This study examined two aspects of antiobesity message fatigue: (1) effects of preexisting anti-obesity message fatigue on cognitive processing of an incoming anti-obesity message and (2) predictors and effects of message fatigue responses expressed after exposure to the message. Results from a two-wave online experiment involving overweight and obese adults in the U...
February 6, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405761/guided-imagery-improves-mood-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-exploratory-efficacy-trial-of-healing-light-guided-imagery
#14
Laura K Case, Paula Jackson, Revere Kinkel, Paul J Mills
Multiple sclerosis is a disabling and progressive neurological disease that has significant negative effects on health-related quality of life. This exploratory efficacy study examined the effects of Healing Light Guided Imagery (HLGI), a novel variant of guided imagery, compared with a wait-list control in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Changes in the Beck Depression Inventory, Fatigue Severity Scale, and Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life instrument (physical and mental components) were compared between groups...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401504/anxiety-fatigue-and-attentional-bias-toward-threat-in-patients-with-hematopoietic-tumors
#15
Kohei Koizumi, Jun Tayama, Toshiyuki Ishioka, Hiromi Nakamura-Thomas, Makoto Suzuki, Motohiko Hara, Shigeru Makita, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
Cancer patients with hematopoietic tumors exhibit particularly high rates of anxiety disorders and depression, and often develop negative affect. In addition, psychological problems experienced by cancer patients impair their quality of life. When cancer patients feel anxious, they tend to direct their attention toward stimuli associated with threat in the surrounding environment. If attentional bias occurs in patients with hematopoietic tumors, who are at particular risk of developing negative affect, resolution of the bias could be useful in alleviating their anxiety...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397494/adenoma-detection-rate-falls-at-the-end-of-the-day-in-a-large-multi-site-sample
#16
Felippe O Marcondes, Rebecca A Gourevitch, Robert E Schoen, Seth D Crockett, Michele Morris, Ateev Mehrotra
BACKGROUND: There is concern that mental and physical fatigue among endoscopists over the course of the day will lead to lower adenoma detection rate (ADR). There are mixed findings in the prior literature on whether such an association exists. AIMS: The aim of this study was to measure the association between the number of colonoscopies performed in a day and ADR and withdrawal time. METHODS: We analyzed 86,624 colonoscopy and associated pathology reports between October 2013 and September 2015 from 131 physicians at two medical centers...
February 3, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397090/determination-of-symptoms-associated-with-hiesho-among-young-females-using-hie-rating-surveys
#17
Hidetoshi Mori, Hiroshi Kuge, Shunji Sakaguchi, Tim Hideaki Tanaka, Junji Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: Hie (cold sensation) is one of the most well-known health complaints in Japan and elsewhere in East Asia. Those who suffer from severe hie are considered to have hiesho (cold disorder). This study was conducted to determine symptoms associated with hie in young females using a survey consisting of the hie scale and hie diary. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-one participants were included for the analysis. Survey forms were distributed to the participants...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392371/effect-of-intranasal-esketamine-on-cognitive-functioning-in-healthy-participants-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#18
Randall L Morrison, Maggie Fedgchin, Jaskaran Singh, Joop Van Gerven, Rob Zuiker, Kyoung Soo Lim, Peter van der Ark, Ewa Wajs, Liwen Xi, Peter Zannikos, Wayne C Drevets
BACKGROUND: The effect of intranasal esketamine on cognitive functioning in healthy participants is assessed in this study. METHODS: Twenty-four participants (19-49 years) were randomized to one of two treatment sequences in which either esketamine 84 mg or placebo was intranasally administered in a double-blind, two-period crossover design. Primary measures included five tests of Cogstate® computerized test battery assessed at 1 h predose and 40 min, 2, 4, and 6 h postdose...
February 1, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390343/health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-status-of-women-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study-of-304-chinese-patients
#19
Zhaoxiang Liu, Zhenhua Dong, Xiaochun Liang, Jinhe Liu, Lei Xuan, Jing Wang, Gaili Zhang, Weixin Hao
Patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) always suffer from dryness, pain, and fatigue caused by the involvement of multiple different systems or organs. The uncomfortable disease symptoms, the consequent disability, and the side effects of therapeutic drugs decrease the quality of life and lead to emotional problems. We investigated the health-related quality of life and psychological status of a large cohort of women patients with pSS and associated factors.A total of 304 women with pSS referred to Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2011 and 2014 were included...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388500/a-detailed-description-of-the-short-term-musculoskeletal-and-cognitive-effects-of-prolonged-standing-for-office-computer-work
#20
Richelle Baker, Pieter Coenen, Erin Howie, Jeremy Lee, Ann Williamson, Leon Straker
Due to concerns about excessive sedentary exposure for office workers, alternate work positions such as standing are being trialled. However, prolonged standing may have health and productivity impacts, which this study assessed. Twenty adult participants undertook two hours of laboratory-based standing computer work to investigate changes in discomfort and cognitive function, along with muscle fatigue, movement, lower limb swelling and mental state. Over time, discomfort increased in all body areas (total body IRR[95% confidence interval]: 1...
February 1, 2018: Ergonomics
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