Read by QxMD icon Read

Bombyx mori

Songzhen He, Xiaoling Tong, Minjin Han, Yanmin Bai, Fangyin Dai
The tyrosine kinases (TKs) are important parts of metazoan signaling pathways and play significant roles in cell growth, development, apoptosis and disease. Genome-wide characterization of TKs has been conducted in many metazoans, however, systematic information about this family in Lepidoptera is still lacking. We retrieved 33 TK-encoding genes in silkworm and classified them into 25 subfamilies by sequence analysis, without members in AXL, FRK, PDGFR, STYK1 and TIE subfamilies. Although domain sequences in each subfamily are conserved, TKs in vertebrates tend to be remarkably conserved and stable...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yufeng Li, Sanyuan Ma, Le Sun, Tong Zhang, Jiasong Chang, Wei Lu, Xiaoxu Chen, Yue Liu, Xiaogang Wang, Run Shi, Ping Zhao, Qingyou Xia
Genome editing using standard tools (ZFN, TALEN, and CRISPR/Cas9) rely on double strand breaks to edit the genome. A series of new CRISPR tools that convert cytidine to thymine (C to T) without the requirement for DNA double-strand breaks was developed recently and quickly applied in a variety of organisms. Here, we demonstrate that CRISPR/Cas9-dependent base editor (BE3) converts C to T with a high frequency in the invertebrate Bombyx mori silkworm. Using BE3 as a knock-out tool, we inactivated exogenous and endogenous genes through base-editing-induced nonsense mutations with an efficiency of up to 66...
March 19, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Fumika Ichino, Hidemasa Bono, Takeru Nakazato, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama, Kikuo Iwabuchi, Ryoichi Sato, Hiroko Tabunoki
Human intestinal absorption is estimated using a human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco-2) cells from human colorectal adenocarcinoma, intestinal perfusion, or a mammalian model. These current evaluation systems are limited in their ability to estimate human intestinal absorption. In addition, in vivo evaluation systems using laboratory animals such as mice and rats entail animal ethics problems, and it is difficult to screen compounds on a large scale at the drug discovery stage. Thus, we propose the use of Bombyx mori larvae for evaluation of intestinal absorption of compounds as an alternative system in this study...
2018: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Jasmin L Whittaker, Rajkamal Balu, Robert Knott, Liliana de Campo, Jitendra P Mata, Christine Rehm, Anita J Hill, Naba K Dutta, Namita Roy Choudhury
Regenerated Bombyx mori silk fibroin (RSF) is a widely recognized protein for biomedical applications; however, their hierarchical gel structures are poorly understood. In this paper, the hierarchical structure of photocrosslinked RSF and RSF-based hybrid hydrogel systems: (i) RSF/Rec1-resilin and (ii) RSF/poly(N-vinylcaprolactam (PVCL) is reported for the first time using small-angle scattering (SAS) techniques. The structure of RSF in dilute to concentrated solution to fabricated hydrogels were characterized using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS) techniques...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xiao-Long Dong, Cai-Xia Pan, Min-Juan Zhang
Carotenoids are the precursors of Vitamin A. They are cleaved by carotenoid oxygenase and then isomerized by retinoid isomerase. In this study, we identified a gene, Bombyx mori Carotenoid Oxygenases and Retinal Isomerase (BmCORI), which was the homolog of β-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase and the retinal pigment epithelium protein of 65 kD. Further analysis indicated that the expression of BmCORI in silkworms was significantly higher in females than in males. We also found that the β-carotene content in BmCORI-expressed human embryonic kidney 293 cells was significantly lower than in the controls, while the lutein content showed a slight difference...
March 13, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
Debarati Chattopadhyay, Kavitha Thirumurugan
Past investigations have shown that various plant extracts are capable of promoting longevity in lower model organisms like Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Bombyx mori etc. Longevity studies on such organisms provide a foundation to explore anti-aging efficacies of such plant extracts in higher organisms. Plant extracts of acai palm, apple, asparagus, blueberry, cinnamon, cocoa, Damnacanthus, maize, mistletoe, peach, pomegranate, Rhodiola, rose, Sasa, turmeric, and Withania have extended lifespan in lower model organisms via diverse mechanisms like insulin like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway, and antioxidant defense mechanisms...
March 8, 2018: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Hiroki Takai, Kiyoshi Asaoka, Fumiko Ishizuna, Takashi Kiuchi, Susumu Katsuma, Toru Shimada
Gustatory and olfactory senses of phytophagous insects play important roles in the recognition of host plants. In the domestic silkmoth Bombyx mori and its wild species Bombyx mandarina, the morphologies and responses of adult olfactory organs (antennae) have been intensely investigated. However, little is known about these features of adult gustatory organs and the influence of domestication on the gustatory sense. Here we revealed that both species have two types of sensilla (thick [T] and slim [S] types) on the fifth tarsomeres of the adult legs...
March 5, 2018: Arthropod Structure & Development
Li-Jie Xia, Yan-Ling Wu, Ji Ma, Fu-Chun Zhang
The primary objective of the treatment of malignant ascites in advanced stages is to alleviate symptoms using procedures such as diuresis, paracentesis of subretinal fluid and vena cava anastomosis. The effectiveness of systemic or intraperitoneal chemotherapy treatment is limited, and more efficacious therapies are required. The authors of the present study demonstrated that an antimicrobial peptide, cecropinXJ, isolated from the larvae of Bombyx mori, selectively inhibits the proliferation of gastric cancer cells...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
X-F Tang, X-L Zhou, Q Zhang, P Chen, C Lu, M-H Pan
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) are negative regulators of the cell cycle. They can bind to cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)-cyclin complexes and inhibit CDK activities. We identified a single homologous gene of the CDK interacting protein/kinase inhibitory protein (Cip/Kip) family, BmCKI, in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. The gene transcribes two splice variants: a 654-bp-long BmCKI-L (the longer splice variant) encoding a protein with 217 amino acids and a 579-bp-long BmCKI-S (the shorter splice variant) encoding a protein with 192 amino acids...
March 7, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
Zhi Li, Yu Wang, Linling Wang, Zeyang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Microsporidia are a group of eukaryotic intracellular parasites that infect almost all vertebrates and invertebrates. However, there is little information available of how microsporidia obtain nutrients and energy from host cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the energy and material requirements of Nosema bombycis for the invasion procedure through analyzing the global variation of the gene expression, protein abundance, fatty acids level and ATP flux induced by the microsporidia N...
March 6, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Jianjia Zhang, Min Feng, Ying Fan, Weifan Xu, Qin Zheng, Xiaofeng Wu
The structural proteins of baculovirus are well studied, but the interactions between them remain unclear. In order to reveal protein-protein interactions among viral structural proteins and their associated proteins of the budded virus of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), the yeast two hybrid (Y2H) system was used to evaluate the interactions of 27 viral genes products. Fifty-seven interactions were identified with 51 binary interactions and 6 self-associations. Among them, 10 interactions were further confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation assays...
March 3, 2018: Virology
Weidong Zuo, Chunlin Li, Yue Luan, Hao Zhang, Xiaoling Tong, Minjin Han, Rui Gao, Hai Hu, Jiangbo Song, Fangyin Dai, Cheng Lu
Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), such as sphingolipids, are components of cellular lipids, which are essential for cell proliferation. Mutations in the genes that encode proteins participating in VLCFA biosynthesis may cause inherited diseases, such as macular degeneration. Elongases of very long chain fatty acid (ELOVL) are enzymes that are involved in the biosynthesis of VLCFAs. Here, a total of 13 ELOVL genes, distributed across three chromosomes, were identified in the silkworm genome; all the ELOVL members contain a distinct ELO domain and a conserved HXXHH motif...
March 5, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Atsunori Baba, Shigeto Matsushita, Kasumi Kitayama, Tetsuo Asakura, Hideki Sezutsu, Akihide Tanimoto, Takuro Kanekura
We investigated the effect of silk fibroin (SF) on wound healing in mice. SF or an amorphous SF film (ASFF) prepared from silk produced by the wild-type silkworm Bombyx mori (WT-SF, WT-ASFF) or by transgenic worms that overexpress the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence (TG-SF, TG-ASFF) was placed on 5-mm diameter full-thickness skin wounds made by biopsy punch on the back of 8-12 week-old BALB/c mice. Each wound was covered with WT-ASFF and urethane film (UF), TG-ASFF plus UF, or UF alone (control). Wound closure, histological thickness, the area of granulation tissue, and neovascularization were analyzed 4, 8, and 12 days later...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Zhanqi Dong, Feifan Dong, Xinbo Yu, Liang Huang, Yaming Jiang, Zhigang Hu, Peng Chen, Cheng Lu, Minhui Pan
The CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome engineering has been shown to efficiently suppress infection by disrupting genes of the pathogen. We recently constructed transgenic lines expressing CRISPR/Cas9 and the double sgRNA target Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) immediate early-1 ( ie-1 ) gene in the silkworm, respectively, and obtained four transgenic hybrid lines by G1 generation hybridization: Cas9(-)/sgRNA(-), Cas9(+)/sgRNA(-), Cas9(-)/sgRNA(+), and Cas9(+)/sgRNA(+). We demonstrated that the Cas9(+)/sgRNA(+) transgenic lines effectively edited the target site of the BmNPV genome, and large fragment deletion was observed after BmNPV infection...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Niannian Li, Xiaoling Tong, Jie Zeng, Gang Meng, Fuze Sun, Hai Hu, Jiangbo Song, Cheng Lu, Fangyin Dai
Hippo signaling pathway (signaling pathway Hippo, hereinafter referred to as the Hippo pathway) was the earliest found in Drosophila (Schneck [1]), which can regulate the development of tissues and organs, even some components of the pathway were identified as tumor suppressor [2]. The pathway was more concerned in fruit flies and mice (Schneck [1]), but little attention has been given in silkworm, an important economic and lepidopteran model insect. In this manuscript, we identified major Hippo pathway related genes (Hippo, Salvador, Warts, Mats, Yorkie) in silkworm and named BmHpo, BmSav, BmWts, BmMats, BmYki...
March 1, 2018: Genomics
Quan Gan, Xin Li, Xinwei Zhang, Lanlan Wu, Chongjun Ye, Ying Wang, Junshan Gao, Yan Meng
β-fructofuranosidase (β-FFase) belongs to the glycosyl-hydrolase family 32 (GH32), which can catalyze both the release of β-fructose from β-d-fructofuranoside substrates to hydrolyze sucrose and the synthesis of short-chain fructooligosaccharide (FOS). BmSuc1 has been cloned and identified from the silkworm Bombyx mori as a first animal type of β-FFase encoding gene. It was hypothesized that BmSUC1 plays an important role in the silkworm-mulberry adaptation system. However, there is little information about the enzymatic core sites of BmSUC1...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mercedes G Montalbán, Jeannine M Coburn, A Abel Lozano-Pérez, José L Cenis, Gloria Víllora, David L Kaplan
Curcumin, extracted from the rhizome of Curcuma longa , has been widely used in medicine for centuries due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant and anti-microbial effects. However, its bioavailability during treatments is poor because of its low solubility in water, slow dissolution rate and rapid intestinal metabolism. For these reasons, improving the therapeutic efficiency of curcumin using nanocarriers (e.g., biopolymer nanoparticles) has been a research focus, to foster delivery of the curcumin inside cells due to their small size and large surface area...
February 24, 2018: Nanomaterials
Kazumichi M Nishida, Kazuhiro Sakakibara, Yuka W Iwasaki, Hiromi Yamada, Ryo Murakami, Yukiko Murota, Takeshi Kawamura, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Haruhiko Siomi, Mikiko C Siomi
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are small regulatory RNAs that bind to PIWI proteins to control transposons and maintain genome integrity in animal germ lines. piRNA 3' end formation in the silkworm Bombyx mori has been shown to be mediated by the 3'-to-5' exonuclease Trimmer (Trim; known as PNLDC1 in mammals), and piRNA intermediates are bound with PIWI anchored onto mitochondrial Tudor domain protein Papi. However, it remains unclear whether the Zucchini (Zuc) endonuclease and Nibbler (Nbr) 3'-to-5' exonuclease, both of which have pivotal roles in piRNA biogenesis in Drosophila, are required for piRNA processing in other species...
February 28, 2018: Nature
Jingsheng Hu, Jian Chen, Hui Wang, Tingting Mao, Jinxin Li, Xiaoyu Cheng, Jiahuan Hu, Bin Xue, Bing Li
CncC/keap1-ARE is an important signaling pathway for detoxification and antioxidation in Diptera and Coleoptera insects. However, such signaling pathway has not been studied in Bombyx mori. In this study, BmCncC and Bmkeap1 genes were cloned, their amino acid sequences were analyzed, and each functional domain was mapped. Through phylogenetic analysis and sequence comparison among multiple species, we found that Neh1 motif of CncC was highly conserved and DLG motif was replaced by DMG motif in Neh2. Conformational analysis showed that Neh1 of BmCncC forms hairpin structure to bind DNA...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yuanzhong Zhang, Yuchen Zuo, Shihao Wen, Yupeng Hu, Younjin Min
Interfacial dynamics, assembly processes, and changes in nanostructures and mechanical properties of Bombyx mori silk fibroin (SF) proteins under varying degrees of nanoconfinement without and with lateral shear are investigated. When only compressive confinement forces were applied, SF proteins adsorbed on the surfaces experienced conformational changes following the Alexander-de theory of polymer brushes. By contrast, when SF proteins were exposed to a simultaneous nanoconfinement and shear, remarkable changes in interaction forces were observed, displaying the second order phase-transitions, which are attributed to the formation of SF micelles and globular superstructural aggregates via hierarchical assembly processes...
February 26, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"