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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749247/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-hygiene-promotion-program-in-a-rural-salvadoran-setting
#1
Elizabeth L Andrade, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Kathryn L Zoerhoff, Emily M Putzer
There has been considerable progress in the reduction of diarrheal disease among children under five through health and nutrition interventions. However, diarrheal disease is still the second leading cause of child death worldwide. There is growing recognition that comprehensive hygiene behavior improvements should be integral to prevention efforts, but the effectiveness of different approaches for hygiene promotion is still being established. Hygiene risk practices vary across settings, suggesting that prevention strategies should be adapted to local contexts using community-based approaches...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748838/larvicidal-activity-prediction-against-aedes-aegypti-mosquito-using-computational-tools
#2
Yudith Cañizares-Carmenate, Mirelys Hernandez-Morfa, Francisco Torrens, Gloria Castellano, Juan A Castillo-Garit
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Aedes aegypti is an important vector for transmission of dengue, yellow fever, chikun- gunya, arthritis, and Zika fever. According to the World Health Organization, it is estimated that Ae. aegypti causes 50 million infections and 25,000 deaths per year. Use of larvicidal agents is one of the recommendations of health organizations to control mosquito populations and limit their distribution. The aim of present study was to deduce a mathematical model to predict the larvicidal action of chemical compounds, based on their structure...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748219/envy-s-pathology-historical-contexts
#3
Lina Minou
This article is concerned with the physicality of envy primarily in early -modern, but also in eighteenth-century health contexts. The discussion brings together descriptions of the effects of envy on the body of the envier, mainly from works of physiology and health preservation, but also from literary and spiritual writings. These depictions of envy are studied beyond their symbolism and with a view to establish whether they are meaningful according to the medical theories of the time in which they occur...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748062/analysis-on-the-association-among-stunting-wasting-and-underweight-in-malawi-an-application-of-a-log-linear-model-for-the-three-way-table
#4
Alfred Ngwira, Eddons C S Munthali, Kondwani D Vwalika
Childhood undernutrition is an important public health problem. Many studies have investigated the factors of childhood undernutrition, but not the association between the undernutrition indicators. This study aimed at investigating the association between the childhood undernutrition indicators. A loglinear model of cell counts of a three way table of stunting, wasting, and underweight was fitted based on the 2010 Malawi demographic health survey data. Interaction terms in the model depicted deviations from independence...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747744/predicting-trend-of-early-childhood-caries-in-mainland-china-a-combined-meta-analytic-and-mathematical-modelling-approach-based-on-epidemiological-surveys
#5
Xiaonan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Zhang, Zhaoying Liao, Jinlin Song
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease in young children. A reliable predictive model for ECC prevalence is needed in China as a decision supportive tool for planning health resources. In this study, we first established the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and grey predictive model (GM) based on the estimated national prevalence of ECC with meta-analysis from the published articles. The pooled data from 1988 to 2010 were used to establish the model, while the data from 2011 to 2013 were used to validate the models...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747143/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-fitness-physical-complaints-and-bmi-in-german-adults-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Susanne A Tittlbach, Darko Jekauc, Steffen C E Schmidt, Alexander Woll, Klaus Bös
OBJECTIVES: This study's aims were to describe the development of physical activity, physical fitness (PF), subjective (physical complaints (PC)) and objective (Body mass index (BMI)) health measures and to examine the relationship between the development trajectories. In addition, the study also aimed to assess the influence of sociodemographic determinants (age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES)) in German adults over a period of 18 years. METHODS: The longitudinal study population comprises of 721 men and women, aged 33-76 years over the study period...
September 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744046/effects-of-an-abdominal-muscle-exercise-program-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-residing-in-a-residential-care-facility
#7
Sungmin Son, Byoungjin Jeon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to provide basic information as reference and guidelines for the implementation of abdominal muscle exercise programs for people with intellectual disabilities residing in residential care facilities. [Subjects and Methods] The study period was 12 weeks, from July 1, 2015, to September 30, 2015. The study participants comprised of 10 people with intellectual disabilities who were residing in a residential care facility. An occupational therapist measured each subject's weight and physical fitness (muscle strength and flexibility)...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743962/relationship-between-obesity-and-development-of-erosive-reflux-disease-a-mediation-analysis-of-the-role-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#8
Hyuk Lee, Yaeji Lim, Sangah Chi, Yang Won Min, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Jae J Kim
This study aimed to evaluate whether the relationship between obesity and erosive reflux disease (ERD) is mediated by cardiometabolic risk factors. This cohort study included subjects who underwent repeated endoscopy. To assess whether the association between body mass index (BMI) and ERD development was mediated by cardiometabolic parameters, multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were fitted for mediation analysis. Of 15,154 subjects with negative index endoscopy findings during health check-up, 11,686 subjects who underwent repeated endoscopy were included...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743877/chronic-activation-of-jnk-jak-stat-and-oxidative-stress-signalling-causes-the-loser-cell-status
#9
Iwo Kucinski, Michael Dinan, Golnar Kolahgar, Eugenia Piddini
Cell competition is a form of cell interaction that causes the elimination of less fit cells, or losers, by wild-type (WT) cells, influencing overall tissue health. Several mutations can cause cells to become losers; however, it is not known how. Here we show that Drosophila wing disc cells carrying functionally unrelated loser mutations (Minute and mahjong) display the common activation of multiple stress signalling pathways before cell competition and find that these pathways collectively account for the loser status...
July 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743261/frequency-and-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-pregnant-women-attending-tertiary-healthcare-institutes-of-quetta-city-pakistan
#10
Rahila Ghaffar, Qaiser Iqbal, Adnan Khalid, Fahad Saleem, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Nosheen Sikandar Baloch, Fiaz Ud Din Ahmad, Sajid Bashir, Sajjad Haider, Mohammad Bashaar
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression (A&D) are commonly reported among pregnant women from all over the world; however, there is a paucity of workable data from the developing countries including Pakistan. The current study, therefore, aims to find out the frequency and predictors of A&D among pregnant women attending a tertiary healthcare institutes in the city of Quetta, in the Balochistan province, Pakistan. METHODS: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted...
July 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743111/sleep-and-olfaction-among-older-adults
#11
V Eloesa McSorley, Jayant Pinto, L Philip Schumm, Kristen Wroblewski, David Kern, Martha McClintock, Diane S Lauderdale
BACKGROUND: Sleep and olfaction are both critical physiological processes that tend to worsen with age. Decline in olfaction can be an early indicator of neurodegenerative diseases, whereas poor sleep quality is associated with reduced physical and mental health. Given associations with aging-related health declines, we explored whether variations in sleep were associated with olfactory function among older adults. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between sleep characteristics and olfaction among 354 community-dwelling older adults...
July 26, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742418/health-risk-behavior-among-justice-involved-male-and-female-youth-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#12
Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph J DiClemente, Julie M Krupa, Asha Terminello, Jennifer Wareham
BACKGROUND: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience a disproportionate prevalence of serious mental health issues, substance abuse, and are at an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual practices. Gender differences exist, with girls at a markedly greater risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study seeks to determine if there are subgroups of male and female youth who differ in their health risk behavior. If so, do any male or female subgroups at different levels of health risk differ in regard to their sociodemographic and psychological factors, and finally, what are intervention/service delivery implications of these differences...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741268/assessing-cancer-health-literacy-among-spanish-speaking-latinos
#13
Margarita Echeverri, David Anderson, Anna María Nápoles
Health literacy is a dynamic construct that changes with specific health conditions; thus, new disease-specific health literacy tools are needed. Since cancer is the leading cause of death among Latinos, the largest and fastest-growing minority population in the nation, there is a need to develop tools to assess cancer health literacy (CHL) among the Spanish-speaking population. The Cancer Health Literacy Test, Spanish version (CHLT-30-DKspa) was applied to identify Spanish-speaking individuals with low CHL and ascertain which items in the tool best discriminate between CHL level groups...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#14
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738884/health-status-and-health-behaviors-among-citizen-endurance-nordic-skiers-in-the-united-states
#15
Paul J Anderson, Ralph S Bovard, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Timothy J Beebe, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese (69%) placing them at high risk for a wide array of chronic diseases. Physical activity anchors most approaches to obesity prevention and weight management, but physical activity levels remain low in the general US population. As a group, citizen athletes who compete in Nordic skiing events such as the American Birkebeiner participate in fitness cultures that promote physical activity. METHODS: During October-November 2014, we emailed a 48 question online survey to 23,611 individuals who had participated in the American Birkebeiner ski event, the largest citizen ski race in North America...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738728/job-task-characteristics-of-australian-emergency-services-volunteers-during-search-and-rescue-operations
#16
Aaron Silk, Gavin Lenton, Robbie Savage, Brad Aisbett
Search and rescue operations are necessary in locating, assisting and recovering individuals lost or in distress. In Australia, land-based search and rescue roles require a range of physically demanding tasks undertaken in dynamic and challenging environments. The aim of the current research was to identify and characterise the physically demanding tasks inherent to search and rescue operation personnel within Australia. These aims were met through a subjective job task analysis approach. In total, 11 criterion tasks were identified by personnel...
July 25, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738717/optimization-of-simultaneous-microwave-ultrasonic-assisted-extraction-of-phenolic-compounds-from-walnut-flour-using-response-surface-methodology
#17
Yan Luo, Wanxing Wu, Dan Chen, Yuping Lin, Yage Ma, Chaoyin Chen, Shenglan Zhao
CONTEXT: Walnut is a traditional food as well as a traditional medicine recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia; however, the large amounts of walnut flour (WF) generated in walnut oil production have not been well utilized. OBJECTIVE: This study maximized the total polyphenolic yield (TPY) from the walnut flour (WF) by optimizing simultaneous ultrasound/microwave-assisted hydroalcoholic extraction (SUMAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Response surface methodology was used to optimize the processing parameters for the TPY, including microwave power (20-140 W), ultrasonic power (75-525 W), extraction temperature (25-55 °C), and time (0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738685/assessing-the-effect-of-the-vha-pcmh-model-on-utilization-patterns-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#18
Ian Randall, Charles Maynard, Gary Chan, Beth Devine, Chris Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) implemented a patient-centered medical home (PCMH)-based Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACT) model in 2010. We examined its effects on the utilization of health services among US veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed VHA clinical and administrative data to conduct an interrupted time series study. Encounter-level data were obtained for the period of April 1, 2005, through March 31, 2014...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738668/study-of-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-health-perception-in-community-living-hungarian-older-adults
#19
Anikó Virág, Izabella Harkányi, Csilla K Karóczi, Zsolt Vass, Éva Kovács
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on fitness indicators and subjective health-perception of a multimodal exercise programme provided by a district in Budapest among community-living seniors. METHODS: Sixty community-living older adults aged over 60 years formed beginner group (who were at the beginning of the exercise programme), advanced group (who had been in the programme for 3-6 months), active group (who had been participating in the exercise programme for at least 6 months, in addition to Nordic Walking programme) and a physically inactive control group...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738105/psychosocial-and-behavioral-aspects-of-pain-and-perception-of-oral-health
#20
Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, João Maroco, Juliana Alvares Campos
AIMS: To evaluate the contribution of the psychosocial and behavioral aspects of pain to the perception of oral health in a sample of Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 436 patients who sought dental care in the School of Dentistry of São Paulo State University and who reported some type of orofacial pain. The study group's mean age (± standard deviation [SD]) was 39.9 ± 13.6 years, and the sample was 74.5% female. The Portuguese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile Short Form (OHIP-14) and the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI) were used...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
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