keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health fitness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938187/unique-identifiers-needed-to-make-national-data-sets-fit-for-public-health-purposes-the-example-of-subsequent-teenage-pregnancy-in-england-and-wales
#1
L A McDaid, J Collier, M J Platt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936418/use-of-a-design-challenge-to-develop-postural-support-devices-for-intermediate-wheelchair-users
#2
Brenda N Onguti, Deepti Tanuku, Elizabeth J Himelfarb Hurwitz, Nathaniel C Moller, Youseph Yazdi, Shannon Egan, Eva S Bazant, Anthony Gichangi
The provision of an appropriate wheelchair, one that provides proper fit and postural support, promotes wheelchair users' physical health and quality of life. Many wheelchair users have postural difficulties, requiring supplemental postural support devices for added trunk support. However, in many low- and middle-income settings, postural support devices are inaccessible, inappropriate or unaffordable. This article describes the use of the design challenge model, informed by a design thinking approach, to catalyse the development of an affordable, simple and robust postural support device for low- and middle-income countries...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936414/the-health-benefits-and-constraints-of-exercise-therapy-for-wheelchair-users-a-clinical-commentary
#3
Terry J Ellapen, Henriëtte V Hammill, Mariette Swanepoel, Gert L Strydom
BACKGROUND: There are approximately 1 billion people living with chronic lower limb disability, many of whom are wheelchair users. OBJECTIVES: Review cardiometabolic and neuromuscular risk profiles of wheelchair users, benefits of regular exercise and the causes of neuromuscular upper limb and hip injuries that hinder regular adherence. METHOD: Literature published between 2013 and 2017 was adopted according to the standard practices for systematic reviews (PRISMA) through Crossref Metadata and Google Scholar searches...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935231/pandemic-legislation-in-the-european-union-fit-for-purpose-the-need-for-a-systematic-comparison-of-national-laws
#4
Elizabeth M Speakman, Scott Burris, Richard Coker
Sound governance is central to effective pandemic management. Key international legal instruments governing pandemic management in the European Union (EU): the International Health Regulations (2005) and Decision 1082/13 require EU Member States to develop national plans and invite them to establish national legal frameworks to support compliance with this international legislation. Although Member States may design the legal framework as they choose, the strongest instrument of pandemic governance is national legislation...
September 1, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934667/serum-calcium-changes-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-asian-population
#5
Sunghwan Suh, Ji Cheol Bae, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hwan Jee, Mi Kyoung Park, Duk Kyu Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim
AIMS: We examined the association between changes in serum calcium levels with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in apparently healthy South Korean subjects. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal analysis was conducted with subjects who had participated in comprehensive health check-ups at least four times over a 7-year period (between 2006 and 2012). In total, 23,121 subjects were categorized into tertiles based on changes in their albumin-adjusted serum calcium levels...
September 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933939/a-social-network-analysis-of-the-financial-links-backing-health-and-fitness-apps
#6
Quinn Grundy, Fabian Held, Lisa Bero
OBJECTIVES: To identify the major stakeholders in mobile health app development and to describe their financial relationships using social network analysis. METHODS: We conducted a structured content analysis of a purposive sample of prominent health and fitness apps available in November 2015 in the United States, Canada, and Australia. We conducted a social network analysis of apps' developers, investors, other funding sources, and content advisors to describe the financial relationships underpinning health app development...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933566/validation-of-the-messi-among-adult-workers-and-young-students-general-health-and-personality-correlates
#7
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler, Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Ana Adan
The aim of this study was to provide validity for the Spanish version of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability Scale - improved (MESSi), a novel evolved assessment of circadian typology which considers the subjective phase and amplitude by morning affect (MA), eveningness (EV) and distinctness (DI; subjective amplitude) sub-scales. Convergence validity of the MESSi with the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) and relationships with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and sensitivity to reward and punishment (SR and SP) were analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933506/the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-in-electronic-health-records-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Roxanne Maritz, Dominik Aronsky, Birgit Prodinger
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is the World Health Organization's standard for describing health and health-related states. Examples of how the ICF has been used in Electronic Health Records (EHRs) have not been systematically summarized and described yet. OBJECTIVES: To provide a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature about the ICF's use in EHRs, including related challenges and benefits. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature, published between January 2001 and July 2015 was retrieved from Medline(®), CINAHL(®), Scopus(®), and ProQuest(®) Social Sciences using search terms related to ICF and EHR concepts...
September 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932907/effects-of-self-paced-interval-and-continuous-training-on-health-markers-in-women
#9
Luke J Connolly, Stephen J Bailey, Peter Krustrup, Jonathan Fulford, Chris Smietanka, Andrew M Jones
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of self-paced high-intensity interval and continuous cycle training on health markers in premenopausal women. METHODS: Forty-five inactive females were randomised to a high-intensity interval training (HIIT; n = 15), continuous training (CT; n = 15) or an inactive control (CON; n = 15) group. HIIT performed 5 × 5 min sets comprising repetitions of 30-s low-, 20-s moderate- and 10-s high-intensity cycling with 2 min rest between sets...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932575/pediatric-lung-transplantation
#10
REVIEW
Christian Benden
Pediatric lung transplantation has been undertaken since the 1980s, and it is today considered an accepted therapy option in carefully selected children with end-stage pulmonary diseases, providing carefully selected children a net survival benefit and improved health-related quality of life. Nowadays, >100 pediatric lung transplants are done worldwide every year. Here, specific pediatric aspects of lung transplantation are reviewed such as the surgical challenge, effects of immunosuppression on the developing pediatric immune system, and typical infections of childhood, as it is vital to comprehend that children undergoing lung transplants present a real challenge as children are not 'just small adults'...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931688/a-selective-bottleneck-shapes-the-evolutionary-mutant-spectra-of-enterovirus-a71-during-viral-dissemination-in-humans
#11
Sheng-Wen Huang, Yi-Hui Huang, Huey-Pin Tsai, Pin-Hwa Kuo, Shih-Min Wang, Ching-Chuan Liu, Jen-Ren Wang
RNA viruses accumulate mutations to rapidly adapt to environmental changes. Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) causes various clinical manifestations with occasional severe neurological complications. However, the mechanism by which EV-A71 evolves within the human body is unclear. Utilizing deep sequencing and haplotype analyses of viruses from various tissues of an autopsy patient, we sought to define the evolutionary pathway by which enterovirus A71 evolves fitness for invading the central nervous system in humans...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931634/improved-prediction-accuracy-for-disease-risk-mapping-using-gaussian-process-stacked-generalization
#12
Samir Bhatt, Ewan Cameron, Seth R Flaxman, Daniel J Weiss, David L Smith, Peter W Gething
Maps of infectious disease-charting spatial variations in the force of infection, degree of endemicity and the burden on human health-provide an essential evidence base to support planning towards global health targets. Contemporary disease mapping efforts have embraced statistical modelling approaches to properly acknowledge uncertainties in both the available measurements and their spatial interpolation. The most common such approach is Gaussian process regression, a mathematical framework composed of two components: a mean function harnessing the predictive power of multiple independent variables, and a covariance function yielding spatio-temporal shrinkage against residual variation from the mean...
September 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931487/nursing-students-perception-of-academic-support-in-the-practicum-development-of-a-reliable-and-valid-measurement-instrument
#13
Juan Arribas-Marín, Vicente Hernández-Franco, Calixto Plumed-Moreno
BACKGROUND: The importance of practicum training in health sciences disciplines places prominence on the academic support received by students in this learning environment, both due to its leverage over their perceived level of satisfaction of academic proficiency as well as its impact on their academic performance. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a scale which facilitates the evaluation of academic support perceived by nursing students during their practicum...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931442/employment-status-and-temporal-patterns-of-energy-intake-nutrition-and-health-survey-in-taiwan-2005-2008
#14
Chun-An Chau, Wen-Harn Pan, Hsin-Jen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To (i) identify the major temporal patterns of energy intake among adults; (ii) examine the association between employment status and the patterns; and (iii) examine the association between dietary quality and the patterns. DESIGN: Secondary analysis based on the cross-sectional population-based nutrition survey in Taiwan, 2005-2008. Based on energy intake levels at six time intervals of a day derived from 24 h recall data, we applied cluster analysis to identify major temporal patterns of energy intake...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931081/female-reproductive-success-and-calf-survival-in-a-north-sea-coastal-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-population
#15
Kevin P Robinson, Texa M C Sim, Ross M Culloch, Thomas S Bean, Isabel Cordoba Aguilar, Sonja M Eisfeld, Miranda Filan, Gary N Haskins, Genevieve Williams, Graham J Pierce
Between-female variation in reproductive output provides a strong measure of individual fitness and a quantifiable measure of the health of a population which may be highly informative to management. In the present study, we examined reproductive traits in female bottlenose dolphins from the east coast of Scotland using longitudinal sightings data collected over twenty years. From a total of 102 females identified between 1997 and 2016, 74 mothers produced a collective total of 193 calves. Females gave birth from 6 to 13 years of age with a mean age of 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930922/why-and-when-social-support-predicts-older-adults-pain-related-disability-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Marta Matos, Sónia F Bernardes, Liesbet Goubert
Pain-related social support has been shown to be directly associated with pain-related disability, depending on whether it promotes functional autonomy or dependence. However, previous studies mostly relied on cross-sectional methods, precluding conclusions on the temporal relationship between pain-related social support and disability. Also, research on the behavioral and psychological processes that account for such a relationship is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the following longitudinally: (1) direct effects of social support for functional autonomy/dependence on pain-related disability, (2) mediating role of physical functioning, pain-related self-efficacy, and fear, and (3) whether pain duration and pain intensity moderate such mediating processes...
October 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930627/fitness-body-composition-and-vascular-health-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-paediatric-brain-cancer-and-cranial-radiotherapy
#17
Treya M Long, Shoshana R Rath, Tessa D Maroni, Karen E Wallman, Helen C Atkinson, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Catherine S Choong, Louise H Naylor
Background Survivors of paediatric brain cancer and/or cranial radiotherapy (CRT) are at an increased risk of developing serious comorbidities. Established risk factors for chronic disease include central obesity, endothelial abnormalities and diminished fitness. Objectives Here we characterised anthropometry, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), endothelial function, muscular strength and endurance and aerobic fitness in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929901/the-dementia-friendly-emergency-department-an-innovation-to-reducing-incompatibilities-at-the-local-level
#18
Belinda Parke, Kathleen F Hunter
Emergency Departments (EDs) are an integral part of the Canadian healthcare system. Older people living with dementia challenge EDs. They have complex health profiles that pose multiple challenges for staff. The current one-size-fits-all approach that aids efficiency in a technologically dependent hospital setting may not always serve older people living with dementia, their caregivers, or staff well. The premise that older people living with dementia are a problem for Canadian EDs must be reconsidered. Understanding the complexity of the situation is aided by the dementia-friendly ED framework...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#19
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929501/accommodating-the-ecological-fallacy-in-disease-mapping-in-the-absence-of-individual-exposures
#20
Feifei Wang, Jian Wang, Alan Gelfand, Fan Li
In health exposure modeling, in particular, disease mapping, the ecological fallacy arises because the relationship between aggregated disease incidence on areal units and average exposure on those units differs from the relationship between the event of individual incidence and the associated individual exposure. This article presents a novel modeling approach to address the ecological fallacy in the least informative data setting. We assume the known population at risk with an observed incidence for a collection of areal units and, separately, environmental exposure recorded during the period of incidence at a collection of monitoring stations...
September 19, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
keyword
keyword
52967
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"