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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437726/mercury-correlates-with-altered-corticosterone-but-not-testosterone-or-estradiol-concentrations-in-common-loons
#1
Melinda D Franceschini, David C Evers, Kevin P Kenow, Michael W Meyer, Mark Pokras, L Michael Romero
We investigated the relation between environmental mercury exposure and corticosterone concentrations in free-living adult common loons (Gavia immer). We determined blood and feather mercury concentrations and compared them to testosterone, estradiol, and stress-induced plasma corticosterone concentrations. Although neither testosterone nor estradiol correlated with Hg levels, there was a robust positive relation between blood Hg and stress-induced corticosterone concentrations in males, but not in females...
April 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#2
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
April 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435422/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-for-assessing-patient-experience-of-chronic-illness-care
#3
José Joaquín Mira, Roberto Nuño-Solinís, Mercedes Guilabert-Mora, Olga Solas-Gaspar, Paloma Fernández-Cano, Maria Asunción González-Mestre, Joan Carlos Contel, Marío Del Río-Cámara
INTRODUCTION: The experience of chronic patients with the care they receive, fuelled by the focus on patient-centeredness and the increasing evidence on its positive relation with other dimensions of quality, is being acknowledged as a key element in improving the quality of care. There are a dearth of accepted tools and metrics to assess patient experience from the patient's perspective that have been adapted to the new chronic care context: continued, systemic, with multidisciplinary teams and new technologies...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434871/a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-following-a-suicide-attempt-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Rory C O'Connor, Eamonn Ferguson, Fiona Scott, Roger Smyth, David McDaid, A-La Park, Annette Beautrais, Christopher J Armitage
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial. Patients admitted to a hospital in Edinburgh, UK, after a suicide attempt were deemed eligible for the study if they were over the age of 16 years, had a self-reported history of self-harm, were fluent in English, were medically fit to interview, and were not participating in other research studies within the hospital...
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434561/concentration-response-of-short-term-ozone-exposure-and-hospital-admissions-for-asthma-in-texas
#6
Ke Zu, Xiaobin Liu, Liuhua Shi, Ge Tao, Christine T Loftus, Sabine Lange, Julie E Goodman
BACKGROUND: Short-term exposure to ozone has been associated with asthma hospital admissions (HA) and emergency department (ED) visits, but the shape of the concentration-response (C-R) curve is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a time series analysis of asthma HAs and ambient ozone concentrations in six metropolitan areas in Texas from 2001 to 2013. Using generalized linear regression models, we estimated the effect of daily 8-hour maximum ozone concentrations on asthma HAs for all ages combined, and for those aged 5-14, 15-64, and 65+years...
April 20, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433932/the-unseen-rhizosphere-root-soil-microbe-interactions-for-crop-production
#7
REVIEW
Ruifu Zhang, Jorge M Vivanco, Qirong Shen
The underground root-soil-microbe interactions are extremely complex, but vitally important for aboveground plant growth, health and fitness. The pressure to reduce our reliance on agrochemicals, and sustainable efforts to develop agriculture makes rhizosphere interactions' research a hotspot. Recent advances provide new insights about the signals, pathways, functions and mechanisms of these interactions. In this review, we provide an overview about recent progress in rhizosphere interaction networks in crops...
April 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433774/the-role-of-compensatory-health-beliefs-in-eating-behavior-change-a-mixed-method-study
#8
Melanie A Amrein, Pamela Rackow, Jennifer Inauen, Theda Radtke, Urte Scholz
Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs), defined as beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated for by engaging in another healthy behavior, are assumed to hinder health behavior change. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of CHBs for two distinct eating behaviors (increased fruit and vegetable consumption and eating fewer unhealthy snacks) with a mixed method approach. Participants (N = 232, mean age = 27.3 years, 76.3% women) were randomly assigned to a fruit and vegetable or an unhealthy snack condition...
April 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433766/1-4-dioxane-drinking-water-occurrence-data-from-the-third-unregulated-contaminant-monitoring-rule
#9
David T Adamson, Elizabeth A Piña, Abigail E Cartwright, Sharon R Rauch, R Hunter Anderson, Thomas Mohr, John A Connor
This study examined data collected from U.S. public drinking water supplies in support of the recently-completed third round of the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR3) to better understand the nature and occurrence of 1,4-dioxane and the basis for establishing drinking water standards. The purpose was to evaluate whether the occurrence data for this emerging but federally-unregulated contaminant fit with common conceptual models, including its persistence and the importance of groundwater contamination for potential exposure...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432712/stroke-etiology-and-collaterals-atheroembolic-strokes-have-greater-collateral-recruitment-than-cardioembolic-strokes
#10
L C Rebello, M Bouslama, D C Haussen, J A Grossberg, S Dehkharghani, A Anderson, S R Belagaje, N A Bianchi, M Grigoryan, M R Frankel, R G Nogueira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic hypoperfusion from athero-stenotic lesions is thought to lead to better collateral recruitment compared to cardioembolic strokes. It was sought to compare collateral flow in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) versus stroke patients with cervical atherosclerotic steno-occlusive disease (CASOD). METHOD: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively collected endovascular database. Patients with (i) anterior circulation large vessel occlusion stroke, (ii) pre-treatment computed tomography angiography (CTA) and (iii) intracranial embolism from AF or CASOD were included...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432148/systolic-blood-pressure-trajectory-frailty-and-all-cause-mortality-over-80-years-of-age-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#11
Rathi Ravindrarajah, Nisha C Hazra, Shota Hamada, Judith Charlton, Stephen H D Jackson, Alex Dregan, Martin C Gulliford
Background -Clinical trials show benefit from lowering systolic blood pressure in people aged ≥80 years but non-randomised epidemiological studies suggest lower systolic blood pressure may be associated with higher mortality. This study aimed to evaluate associations of SBP with all-cause mortality by frailty category over 80 years of age and to evaluate SBP trajectories before death. Methods -A population-based cohort study was conducted using electronic health records of 144,403 participants aged 80 and older registered with family practices in the United Kingdom from 2001 to 2014...
April 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431862/application-of-the-cdc-ebolaresponse-modeling-tool-to-disease-predictions
#12
Robert H Gaffey, Cécile Viboud
Model-based predictions were critical in eliciting a vigorous international public health response to the 2014 Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in West Africa. Here, we describe the performances of an extension of the CDC-initiated EbolaResponse Modeling tool to the Ebola Forecasting Challenge, which offered a controlled environment for epidemiological predictions. In the EbolaResponse tool, transmission risks and proportions of population affected by interventions were fitted to data via least square fitting. Prediction performances were evaluated for 5 prediction time points of 4 synthetic outbreaks...
March 10, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#13
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430944/plant-microbial-diversity-is-suggested-as-the-key-to-future-biocontrol-and-health-trends
#14
Gabriele Berg, Martina Köberl, Daria Rybakova, Henry Müller, Rita Grosch, Kornelia Smalla
The microbiome of plants plays a crucial role in both plant and ecosystem health. Rapid advances in multi-omics tools are dramatically increasing access to the plant microbiome and consequently to the identification of its links with diseases and to the control of those diseases. Recent insights reveal a close, often symbiotic relationship between microorganisms and plants. Microorganisms can stimulate germination and plant growth, prevent diseases, and promote stress resistance and general fitness. Plants and their associated microorganisms form a holo-biont and have to be considered as co-evolved species assemblages consisting of bacterial, archaeal, and diverse eukaryotic species...
April 19, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430141/who-is-using-outdoor-fitness-equipment-and-how-the-case-of-xihu-park
#15
Hsueh-Wen Chow, Andrew J Mowen, Guan-Lin Wu
Outdoor fitness equipment (OFE) placed in public parks has the potential to encourage physical activity. However, little is known about OFE users and use patterns. This study employed onsite and video observations of OFE usage to describe user characteristics and patterns in Xihu Park. Results indicate that OFE in this park attracted considerable use, particularly in the early morning and late afternoon. During these peak-hour observations, approximately 12 users per hour used the OFE, with the majority being females and seniors...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429987/beyond-integrated-care
#16
Thomas Plochg, Stefania Ilinca, Mirko Noordegraaf
Integrated care tops the health care agenda. But more integration alone will not remedy the crisis in health care, and there is a danger in the increasingly prevalent conceptualization of care integration as a goal in itself rather than as an instrument for improving performance. Operating integrated care systems, staffed by an overly specialized medical workforce, is unsustainable in terms of human and financial resources and is likely to produce little benefit for patients with multi-morbidity. An alternative approach involves health care leaders going beyond integrated care and nurturing transformative change from within the medical workforce instead...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429846/protected-engagement-time-on-older-adult-mental-health-wards-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-views-of-patients-carers-and-staff
#17
Emily Dodd, Richard Cheston, Charlie Procter, Sarah Heneker, Richard Gray, Chris Fox, Fiona Nolan
During protected engagement time (PET), ward routines are adjusted so that staff can spend time together with patients without interruption. The aim of PET is to increase staff and patient interaction on wards, and ultimately patient well-being. Although PET has been implemented on inpatient wards within the UK, including older adult wards, there is no systematic evidence as to how PET is carried out or how it is experienced by staff, patients, and families. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 28 participants (8 patients, 10 family members, and 10 ward staff) from three different wards with PET, and transcriptions were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#18
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429157/scenes-as-micro-cultures-examining-heterogeneity-of-hiv-risk-behavior-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-toronto-canada
#19
Syed W Noor, Barry D Adam, David J Brennan, David A Moskowitz, Sandra Gardner, Trevor A Hart
Using latent class analysis (LCA), we examined patterns of participation in multiple scenes, how sexual risk practices vary by scene, and psychosocial factors associated with these patterns among 470 gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) recruited from Toronto. We calculated posterior probability of being in a class from participation in nine separate scenes. We used Entropy, the Bayesian information criterion and the Lo-Mendel-Rubin likelihood ratio test to identify the best fit model. Fit indices suggested a four-class solution...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428156/user-interest-in-digital-health-technologies-to-encourage-physical-activity-results-of-a-survey-in-students-and-staff-of-a-german-university
#20
Annett Salzwedel, Sophie Rabe, Thomas Zahn, Julia Neuwirth, Sarah Eichler, Kathrin Haubold, Anne Wachholz, Rona Reibis, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits for health of physical activity (PA) are well documented, the majority of the population is unable to implement present recommendations into daily routine. Mobile health (mHealth) apps could help increase the level of PA. However, this is contingent on the interest of potential users. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the explorative, nuanced determination of the interest in mHealth apps with respect to PA among students and staff of a university...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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