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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320057/psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-treatment-among-patients-presenting-for-paediatric-weight-management-associations-with-adiposity-aerobic-fitness-and-cardiometabolic-health
#1
J M Tucker, A Cadieux, K Culver, L Smith, W Stratbucker
We compared anthropometry, cardiometabolic risk and aerobic fitness among obese youth in weight management who were diagnosed with one or more psychiatric disorders (PD), with (PD+M) or without (PD-M) a prescribed psychotropic medication with those with no PD (NPD). Physical measures were evaluated at baseline, and psychiatric diagnoses and related medications were identified from medical records. Of 99 patients 64 (65%) had a diagnosed PD, and of those, 23 (36%) had a related medication (PD+M). Compared to NPD, PD-M had a higher body mass index (BMI) (P = 0...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319588/physical-activity-and-global-self-worth-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-children
#2
Hudson Reddon, David Meyre, John Cairney
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with an array of physical and mental health benefits among children and adolescents. The development of self-worth/self-esteem has been proposed as a mechanism to explain the mental health benefits derived from physical activity. Despite several studies that have analyzed the association between physical activity and self-worth, the results have been inconsistent. It is also uncertain how related physical health measures, such as sedentary behaviour, body composition and fitness influence the relationship between physical activity and self-worth over time...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319583/factor-structure-of-the-cultural-competence-items-in-the-national-home-and-hospice-care-survey
#3
Azza AbuDagga, Constance A Mara, Adam C Carle, Robert Weech-Maldonado
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated measures of cultural competency practices in home health and hospice care (HHHC). OBJECTIVE: To establish the factor structure of the cultural competency items included in the agency-component of the 2007 public-use National Home and Hospice Care Survey file. DATA SOURCE: We used weighted survey data from 1036 HHHC agencies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: We used exploratory factor analyses to identify a preliminary factor structure, and then performed confirmatory factor analysis to provide further support for identified factor structure...
March 17, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319189/lung-function-parameters-improve-prediction-of-vo2peak-in-an-elderly-population-the-generation-100-study
#4
Erlend Hassel, Dorthe Stensvold, Thomas Halvorsen, Ulrik Wisløff, Arnulf Langhammer, Sigurd Steinshamn
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is an indicator of cardiovascular health and a useful tool for risk stratification. Direct measurement of VO2peak is resource-demanding and may be contraindicated. There exist several non-exercise models to estimate VO2peak that utilize easily obtainable health parameters, but none of them includes lung function measures or hemoglobin concentrations. We aimed to test whether addition of these parameters could improve prediction of VO2peak compared to an established model that includes age, waist circumference, self-reported physical activity and resting heart rate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318957/oceanic-meteorological-conditions-influence-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#5
Thierry Patrice, Bertrand Rozec, Hubert Desal, Yvonnick Blanloeil
OBJECTIVE: Publications concerning the weather pattern of occurrence of the subarachnoid hemorrhage have produced controversial results. We chose to study subarachnoid hemorrhage occurring in oceanic climate with deep variations focusing on partial oxygen volume (pO2) and patient history. METHODS: Seventy-one patients had been successively recruited from a single center 45 km from the Atlantic shore. Climate conditions had been analyzed from 72 hours before subarachnoid hemorrhage to 24 hours after...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318387/a-qualitative-study-of-the-challenges-of-providing-pre-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-rural-south-africa
#6
Liezel Ennion, Anton Johannesson Johannesson
BACKGROUND: There is a known shortage of rehabilitation staff in rural settings and a sharp increase in the number of lower limb amputations being performed. A lack of adequate pre-prosthetic rehabilitation will result in worse physical and psychological outcomes for a person with a lower limb amputation, and they will not be eligible to be fitted with a prosthesis. OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences with providing pre-prosthetic rehabilitation in a rural setting...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318306/physical-education-and-sport
#7
Paul D Loprinzi, Bradley J Cardinal, Marita K Cardinal, Charles B Corbin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between physical education (PE) and sports involvement with physical activity (PA), physical fitness, and beliefs about PA among a national sample of adolescents. SETTING: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey National Youth Fitness Survey were used. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 459 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. MEASURES: Adolescents self-reported engagement in the above parameters; muscular fitness objectively determined...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318274/do-multiple-health-events-reduce-resilience-when-compared-with-single-events
#8
Ruth T Morin, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Fiona Maccallum, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: The impact of multiple major life stressors is hypothesized to reduce the probability of resilience and increase rates of mortality. However, this hypothesis lacks strong empirical support because of the lack of prospective evidence. This study investigated whether experiencing multiple major health events diminishes rates of resilience and increases rates of mortality using a large population-based prospective cohort. METHOD: There were n = 1,395 individuals sampled from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and examined prospectively from 2 years before 4 years after either single or multiple health events (lung disease, heart disease, stroke, or cancer)...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317765/the-effects-of-temperature-on-the-crystalline-properties-and-resistant-starch-during-storage-of-white-bread
#9
William R Sullivan, Jeff G Hughes, Russell W Cockman, Darryl M Small
Resistant starch (RS) can form during storage of foods, thereby bestowing a variety of potential health benefits. The purpose of the current study has been to determine the influence of storage temperature and time on the crystallinity and RS content of bread. Loaves of white bread were baked and stored at refrigeration, frozen and room temperatures with analysis over a period of zero to seven days. RS determination and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to evaluate the influence of storage temperature and time on total crystallinity and RS content...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315284/the-potential-of-established-fitness-cut-off-points-for-monitoring-women-with-fibromyalgia-the-al-%C3%A3-ndalus-project
#10
José Castro-Piñero, Virginia A Aparicio, Fernando Estévez-López, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Víctor Segura-Jiménez
The aim of the present study was to determinate whether fitness cut-off points discriminate the severity of major fibromyalgia symptoms and health-related quality of life. Additionally, we investigated which American Colleague of Rheumatology (ACR) fibromyalgia criteria (1990 vs. modified 2010) better discriminate fibromyalgia symptomatology. A total of 488 women with fibromyalgia and 200 non-fibromyalgia (control) women participated. All participants underwent both the 1990 and the modified 2010 ACR preliminary criteria (hereinafter 1990c and m-2010c, respectively)...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314543/effects-of-coping-flexibility-on-cardiovascular-reactivity-to-task-difficulty
#11
Tsukasa Kato
OBJECTIVE: Coping flexibility refers to an individual's ability to effectively modify his or her coping behavior to better fit the nature of each stressful situation they encounter. More flexible coping is believed to produce more adaptive psychological functioning and physical health. METHODS: We examined the relationship between coping flexibility and cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to psychological stress. Challenging tasks of two difficulty levels were presented to 24 men and 24 women aged 18 to 24years...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314484/impact-of-health-policy-and-practice-on-finding-the-best-fit-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-metformin-failure-croatian-pilot-study
#12
Maja Cigrovski Berković, Davorka Herman Mahečić, Marina Gradišer, Ines Bilić-Ćurčić
AIM: We assessed the impact of clinical practice and health policy on the choice and efficacy of different second-line therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) after failure of metformin. METHODS: This retrospective database analysis included 200 patients with a follow-up period of 6 months. The primary end-point was achievement of HbA1c <7% and fasting (FBG) and postprandial glucose levels (PPG) <7.2mmol/L and <10mmol/L, respectively after three and six months of different add-on treatments...
March 14, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314188/pharmaceutical-analysis-of-a-novel-propargyl-linked-antifolate-antibiotic-in-the-mouse
#13
John Hoody, Jeremy B Alverson, Santosh Keshipeddy, Patrick A Barney, Larissa Walker, Amy C Anderson, Dennis L Wright, Nigel D Priestley
Antimicrobial resistance to current antibiotics is a significant public health problem and the need for new antibiotics is a compelling one. We have been developing a new series of antibiotics, propargyl-linked diaminopyrimidines, based on the structure of trimethoprim. To date we have discovered compounds that are effective inhibitors of dihydrofolate reductase (the target of trimethoprim), that are potent antibiotics in vitro against a range of Gram-positive pathogens including methicillin-resistant S. aureus, and that are non-toxic in mammalian cell culture...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314165/exploring-the-use-of-routine-outcome-monitoring-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-a-psychotic-disorder
#14
M Tasma, E J Liemburg, H Knegtering, P A E G Delespaul, A Boonstra, S Castelein
BACKGROUND: Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM) has become part of the treatment process in mental health care. However, studies have indicated that few clinicians in psychiatry use the outcome of ROM in their daily work. The aim of this study was to explore the degree of ROM use in clinical practice as well as the explanatory factors of this use. METHODS: In the Northern Netherlands, a ROM-protocol (ROM-Phamous) for patients with a psychotic disorder has been implemented...
December 28, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314078/high-physical-fitness-is-associated-with-reduction-in-basal-and-exercise-induced-inflammation
#15
Øyunn Kleiven, Magnus Bjørkavoll-Bergseth, Tor Melberg, Øyvind Skadberg, Rolf Bergseth, Jone Selvåg, Bjørn Auestad, Pål Aukrust, Torbjørn Aarsland, Stein Ørn
C-reactive protein (CRP) increases after strenuous exercise. It has been a concern that prolonged strenuous exercise may be harmful, and induce a deleterious inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to 1) Assess and quantify the magnitude of CRP response following an endurance cycling competition in healthy middle-aged recreational cyclists. 2) Identify important determinants of this response. 3) Identify the relationship between CRP, myocardial damage (cardiac Troponin I (cTnI)) and myocardial strain (B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP))...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303944/relationships-between-strength-and-endurance-parameters-and-air-depletion-rates-in-professional-firefighters
#16
Stephanie Windisch, Wolfgang Seiberl, Ansgar Schwirtz, Daniel Hahn
The aim of this study was to quantify the physical demands of a simulated firefighting circuit and to establish the relationship between job performance and endurance and strength fitness measurements. On four separate days 41 professional firefighters (39 ± 9 yr, 179.6 ± 2.3 cm, 84.4 ± 9.2 kg, BMI 26.1 ± 2.8 kg/m(2)) performed treadmill testing, fitness testing (strength, balance and flexibility) and a simulated firefighting exercise. The firefighting exercise included ladder climbing (20 m), treadmill walking (200 m), pulling a wire rope hoist (15 times) and crawling an orientation section (50 m)...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303705/the-sense-of-life-satisfaction-versus-dietary-choices-of-young-women-doing-fitness-for-recreational-purposes
#17
Maria Gacek
Background: : The health potential of a person can be improved thanks to recreational physical activity and rational diet. The sense of life satisfaction is also one of significant health resources. Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the relations between the level of life satisfaction and the frequency of consuming selected products in the group of young women who engage in fitness for recreational purposes. Material and Methods: The study involved 200 young women (20-30 years old) who regularly do recreational physical activity in fitness clubs in Małopolska...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303628/validating-a-chinese-version-of-the-weight-self-stigma-questionnaire-for-use-with-obese-adults
#18
Kuan Pin Lin, Mei Li Lee
BACKGROUND: Although weight-based stigmatization is pervasive in everyday life, a suitable measure of weight self-stigma is currently unavailable for the obese Chinese population. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to translate and test the psychometric properties of the Weight Self-stigma Questionnaire into Chinese (C-WSSQ) for use with obese Chinese people. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 156 overweight or obese adults...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303590/psychiatric-disability-in-law-enforcement-officers
#19
Marilyn Price
Law enforcement officers all across the world are exposed to violence, confrontation, and traumatic incidents. They regularly witness death and suffering and are at risk of personal injury. Psychiatric sequelae include an increased risk for trauma-related symptoms, depression, alcohol-use disorders, and stress-related medical conditions. Law enforcement officers have been applying for early disability retirement pensions at an increased rate for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions. As a result, law enforcement agencies are prematurely losing valuable resources, officers with training and experience...
March 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303367/effects-of-long-term-multicomponent-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-evidence-from-a-cohort-study
#20
Liliana C Baptista, Gonçalo Dias, Nelba R Souza, Manuel T Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
PURPOSE: To establish the effect of a long-term multicomponent exercise (LTMEX) intervention (24 months) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This longitudinal retrospective cohort study analyzes the effects of a supervised LTMEX program on HRQoL in older adults with T2D (n = 279). Participants underwent one of two conditions: LTMEX (n = 241) trained three times per week; and unchanged lifestyle-the control group (CO; n = 38)...
March 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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