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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330517/genetic-characterization-of-spotted-fever-group-rickettsiae-in-questing-ixodid-ticks-collected-in-israel-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-their-infection
#1
Jessica Rose, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Moh A Alkhamis, Adi Ben-Nun, Itamar Lensky, Eyal Klement, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Ziad A Abdeen, Shimon Harrus
This study aimed to genetically characterize spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) in questing ixodid ticks from Israel and to identify risk factors associated with SFGR-positive ticks using molecular techniques and geographic information systems (GIS) analysis. 1039 ticks from the genus Rhipicephalus were collected during 2014. 109/1039 (10·49%) carried SFGR-DNA of either Rickettsia massiliae (95), 'Candidatus Rickettsia barbariae' (8) or Rickettsia conorii (6). Higher prevalence of SFGR was found in Rhipicephalus turanicus (18·00%) compared with Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (3·22%)...
March 23, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325736/geospatial-approaches-to-cancer-control-and-population-sciences
#2
EDITORIAL
Mario Schootman, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Kevin A Henry, Electra D Paskett, Gary L Ellison, April Oh, Stephen H Taplin, Zaria Tatalovich, David A Berrigan
Cancer incidence and mortality display strong geographic patterns worldwide and in the United States (1, 2). The environment where individuals live, work, and play is increasingly being recognized as important across the cancer control continuum, including the risk of cancer development, detection, diagnosis, treatment, mortality, and survivorship (3-5). At the same time, emergent technological capacity in geographic information systems (GIS) and mapping, along with increasing sophistication in applied spatial methods, has resulted in a growing research community developing and applying geospatial approaches in health research (5)...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291805/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-jamaica
#3
Debbie S Thompson, Novie Younger-Coleman, Parris Lyew-Ayee, Lisa-Gaye Greene, Michael S Boyne, Terrence E Forrester
OBJECTIVES: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important risk factor for illness and death globally, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide. We hypothesized that SAM is positively correlated to poverty, low educational attainment, major crime and higher mean soil concentrations of lead, cadmium and arsenic. METHODS: We reviewed admission records of infants admitted with a diagnosis of SAM over 14 years (2000-2013) in Jamaica. Poverty index, educational attainment, major crime and environmental heavy metal exposure were represented in a Geographic Information System (GIS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219378/from-urban-planning-and-emergency-training-to-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-applications-of-virtual-reality-gis-vrgis-and-augmented-reality-gis-argis-in-personal-public-and-environmental-health
#4
EDITORIAL
Maged N Kamel Boulos, Zhihan Lu, Paul Guerrero, Charlene Jennett, Anthony Steed
The latest generation of virtual and mixed reality hardware has rekindled interest in virtual reality GIS (VRGIS) and augmented reality GIS (ARGIS) applications in health, and opened up new and exciting opportunities and possibilities for using these technologies in the personal and public health arenas. From smart urban planning and emergency training to Pokémon Go, this article offers a snapshot of some of the most remarkable VRGIS and ARGIS solutions for tackling public and environmental health problems, and bringing about safer and healthier living options to individuals and communities...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209283/community-audit-of-social-civil-and-activity-domains-in-diverse-environments-cascadde
#5
Emily A Knapp, Claudia Nau, Sy Brandau, Joseph DeWalle, Annemarie G Hirsch, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Brian S Schwartz, Thomas A Glass
There are currently no direct observation environmental audit tools that measure diverse aspects of the obesity-related environment efficiently and reliably in a variety of geographic settings. The goal was to develop a new instrument to reliably characterize the overall properties and features of rural, suburban, and urban settings along multiple dimensions. The Community Audit of Social, Civil, and Activity Domains in Diverse Environments (CASCADDE) is an iPad-based instrument that incorporates GPS coordinates and photography and comprises 214 items yielding seven summary indices...
April 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117164/modelling-of-hydrogen-sulfide-dispersion-from-the-geothermal-power-plants-of-tuscany-italy
#6
Renato Somma, Domenico Granieri, Claudia Troise, Carlo Terranova, Giuseppe De Natale, Maria Pedone
We applied the Eulerian code DISGAS (DISpersion of GAS) to investigate the dispersion of the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from 32 geothermal power plants (out of 35 active) belonging to the geothermal districts of Larderello, Travale-Radicondoli and Monte Amiata, in Tuscany (Italy). An updated geographic database, for use in a GIS environment, was realized in order to process input data required by the code and to handle the outputs. The results suggest that H2S plumes emitted from geothermal power plants are mainly concentrated around the stacks of emission (H2S concentration up to 1100μg/m(3)) and rapidly dilute along the dominant local wind direction...
January 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109661/mapping-sites-of-high-tb-transmission-risk-integrating-the-shared-air-and-social-behaviour-of-tb-cases-and-adolescents-in-a-south-african-township
#7
Benjamin Patterson, Carl D Morrow, Daniel Kohls, Caroline Deignan, Samuel Ginsburg, Robin Wood
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in poverty-stricken areas of the world. Communal gathering places account for the majority of TB transmission in high burden settings. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the social behaviour patterns of individuals who have developed TB disease and adolescents at risk of infection. To develop a cheap and effective method to locate transmission hot spots in high burden communities. DESIGN: Portable, combined CO2/GIS monitors and location diaries were given to individuals from a South African township...
April 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109629/the-pharmacist-s-role-in-overdose-using-mapping-technologies-to-analyze-naloxone-and-pharmacy-distribution
#8
Allison Burrell, Laken Ethun, Jaime Allen Fawcett, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Karl Williams, Shannon M Kearney, Janice L Pringle
OBJECTIVES: To present preliminary research using geographic information system (GIS) mapping as a tool that can be integrated into pharmacy practice to increase access to and utilization of pharmacy-based interventions, including the distribution of naloxone. METHODS: Overdose death data was collected from medical examiner reports in an online database, and pharmacies carrying and distributing naloxone were determined by ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) in Allegheny County, PA...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105701/climate-change-and-alpine-stream-biology-progress-challenges-and-opportunities-for-the-future
#9
Scott Hotaling, Debra S Finn, J Joseph Giersch, David W Weisrock, Dean Jacobsen
In alpine regions worldwide, climate change is dramatically altering ecosystems and affecting biodiversity in many ways. For streams, receding alpine glaciers and snowfields, paired with altered precipitation regimes, are driving shifts in hydrology, species distributions, basal resources, and threatening the very existence of some habitats and biota. Alpine streams harbour substantial species and genetic diversity due to significant habitat insularity and environmental heterogeneity. Climate change is expected to affect alpine stream biodiversity across many levels of biological resolution from micro- to macroscopic organisms and genes to communities...
January 20, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086893/seasonal-variation-in-geographical-access-to-maternal-health-services-in-regions-of-southern-mozambique
#10
Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Nadine Schuurman, Charfudin Sacoor, Helena Edith Boene, Faustino Vilanculo, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene, Khátia Munguambe, Tabassum Firoz
BACKGROUND: Geographic proximity to health facilities is a known determinant of access to maternal care. Methods of quantifying geographical access to care have largely ignored the impact of precipitation and flooding. Further, travel has largely been imagined as unimodal where one transport mode is used for entire journeys to seek care. This study proposes a new approach for modeling potential spatio-temporal access by evaluating the impact of precipitation and floods on access to maternal health services using multiple transport modes, in southern Mozambique...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077095/geographic-information-system-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-recommendations-for-policy-and-programs
#11
Yordanos B Molla, Barbara Rawlins, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marc Cunningham, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Corrine Warren Ruktanonchai, Kavita Singh, Sylvia Alford, Mira Thompson, Vikas Dwivedi, Allisyn C Moran, Zoe Matthews
This correspondence argues and offers recommendations for how Geographic Information System (GIS) applied to maternal and newborn health data could potentially be used as part of the broader efforts for ending preventable maternal and newborn mortality. These recommendations were generated from a technical consultation on reporting and mapping maternal deaths that was held in Washington, DC from January 12 to 13, 2015 and hosted by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) global Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056726/community-mapping-of-sex-work-criminalization-and-violence-impacts-on-hiv-treatment-interruptions-among-marginalized-women-living-with-hiv-in-vancouver-canada
#12
Shira M Goldenberg, Kathleen Deering, Ofer Amram, Silvia Guillemi, Paul Nguyen, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
Despite the high HIV burden faced by sex workers, data on access and retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) are limited. Using an innovative spatial epidemiological approach, we explored how the social geography of sex work criminalization and violence impacts HIV treatment interruptions among sex workers living with HIV in Vancouver over a 3.5-year period. Drawing upon data from a community-based cohort (AESHA, 2010-2013) and linked external administrative data on ART dispensation, GIS mapping and multivariable logistic regression with generalized estimating equations to prospectively examine the effects of spatial criminalization and violence near women's places of residence on 2-day ART interruptions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033588/neighborhood-social-and-physical-environments-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#13
Samson Y Gebreab, DeMarc A Hickson, Mario Sims, Sharon B Wyatt, Sharon K Davis, Adolfo Correa, Ana V Diez-Roux
Using data from Jackson Heart Study, we investigated the associations of neighborhood social and physical environments with prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in African Americans (AA). Among non-diabetic participants at baseline (n=3670), 521 (14.2%) developed T2DM during a median follow-up of 7.3 years. Measures of neighborhood social environments, and food and physical activity resources were derived using survey-and GIS-based methods. Prevalence ratios (PR) and Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated using generalized estimating equations and Cox proportional hazards models...
December 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005258/pancreatic-cancer-management-and-treatment-landscape-awareness-of-gastroenterologists-results-from-us-physician-surveys-conducted-in-2013-and-2015
#14
Gregory D Salinas, Lee Whitworth, Patti Merwin, Joan Emarine
INTRODUCTION: In the US, gastroenterologists (GIs) often inform patients of the initial diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Thus, GIs are frequently the first physicians to provide vital information regarding treatment strategies and options to patients which can have significant impact on subsequent clinical decision-making. Since treatments for pancreatic cancer are rapidly evolving, it may be challenging for GIs to maintain an adequate knowledge base required to provide accurate cursory information or avoid providing inaccurate data to patients at a very sensitive point in time in their care...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992252/exploring-the-objective-and-perceived-environmental-attributes-of-older-adults-neighborhood-walking-routes-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#15
Mika R Moran, Perla Werner, Israel Doron, Neta HaGani, Yael Benvenisti, Abby C King, Sandra J Winter, Jylana L Sheats, Randi Garber, Hadas Motro, Shlomit Egron
Walking is a central form of physical activity among older adults that is associated with the physical environment at various scales. This mixed-methods study employs a concurrent nested design to explore objective and perceived environmental characteristics of older adults' local walking routes. This was achieved by integrating quantitative Geographic Information System (GIS) data with qualitative data obtained using the Stanford Discovery Tool (DT). Fifty-nine community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (14 men and 45 women aged 50+) were recruited in a snowball approach through community centers in the city of Haifa (Israel)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885583/using-gis-mapping-to-target-public-health-interventions-examining-birth-outcomes-across-gis-techniques
#16
E L MacQuillan, A B Curtis, K M Baker, R Paul, Y O Back
With advances in spatial analysis techniques, there has been a trend in recent public health research to assess the contribution of area-level factors to health disparity for a number of outcomes, including births. Although it is widely accepted that health disparity is best addressed by targeted, evidence-based and data-driven community efforts, and despite national and local focus in the U.S. to reduce infant mortality and improve maternal-child health, there is little work exploring how choice of scale and specific GIS visualization technique may alter the perception of analyses focused on health disparity in birth outcomes...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880835/built-environment-selected-risk-factors-and-major-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#17
Pasmore Malambo, Andre P Kengne, Anniza De Villiers, Estelle V Lambert, Thandi Puoane
INTRODUCTION: Built environment attributes have been linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Therefore, identifying built environment attributes that are associated with CVD risk is relevant for facilitating effective public health interventions. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of literature to examine the influence of built environmental attributes on CVD risks. DATA SOURCE: Multiple database searches including Science direct, CINAHL, Masterfile Premier, EBSCO and manual scan of reference lists were conducted...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862606/abiotic-proxies-for-predictive-mapping-of-near-shore-benthic-assemblages-implications-for-marine-spatial-planning
#18
Jennifer McHenry, Robert S Steneck, Damian C Brady
Marine spatial planning (MSP) should assist managers in guiding human activities towards sustainable practices and in minimizing user-conflicts in our oceans. A necessary first step is to quantify spatial patterns of marine assemblages in order to understand the ecosystem's structure, function, and services. However, the large spatial scale, high economic value, and density of human activities in near-shore habitats often makes quantifying this component of marine ecosystems especially daunting. To address this challenge, we developed an assessment method that employs abiotic proxies to rapidly characterize marine assemblages in near-shore benthic environments with relatively high resolution...
November 16, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836842/microdiversification-of-a-pelagic-polynucleobacter-species-is-mainly-driven-by-acquisition-of-genomic-islands-from-a-partially-interspecific-gene-pool
#19
Matthias Hoetzinger, Johanna Schmidt, Jitka Jezberová, Ulrike Koll, Martin W Hahn
Microdiversification of a planktonic freshwater bacterium was studied by comparing 37 Polynucleobacter asymbioticus strains obtained from three geographically separated sites in the Austrian Alps. Genome comparison of nine strains revealed a core genome of 1.8 Mb, representing 81% of the average genome size. Seventy-five percent of the remaining flexible genome is clustered in genomic islands (GIs). Twenty-four genomic positions could be identified where GIs are potentially located. These positions are occupied strain specifically from a set of 28 GI variants, classified according to similarities in their gene content...
February 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835073/geospatial-information-system-analysis-of-healthcare-need-and-telemedicine-delivery-in-california
#20
Taylor Kaufman, Estella M Geraghty, Navjit Dullet, Jesse King, Jamie Kissee, James P Marcin
BACKGROUND: Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) superimpose data on geographical maps to provide visual representations of data by region. Few studies have used GIS data to investigate if telemedicine services are preferentially provided to communities of greatest need. INTRODUCTION: This study compared the healthcare needs of communities with and without telemedicine services from a university-based telemedicine program. METHODS: Originating sites for all telemedicine consultations between July 1996 and December 2013 were geocoded using ArcGIS software...
November 11, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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