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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043763/status-report-geographic-retail-food-environment-measures-for-use-in-public-health
#1
Ahalya Mahendra, Jane Y Polsky, Éric Robitaille, Marc Lefebvre, Tina McBrien, Leia M Minaker
The Association of Public Health Epidemiologists in Ontario (APHEO) Core Indicators Work Group standardizes definitions and calculation methods for over 120 public health indicators to enhance accurate and standardized community health status reporting across public health units in Ontario. The Built Environment Subgroup is a multi-disciplinary group made up of planners, researchers, policy analysts, registered dietitians, geographic information systems (GIS) analysts and epidemiologists. The Subgroup selected and operationalized a suite of objective, standardized indicators intended to help public health units and regional health authorities assess their community retail food environments...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040200/geospatial-mapping-can-be-used-to-identify-geographic-areas-and-social-factors-associated-with-intentional-injury-as-targets-for-prevention-efforts-distinct-to-a-given-community
#2
C H Lasecki, F C Mujica, S Stutsman, A Y Williams, L Ding, J D Simmons, S B Brevard
BACKGROUND: Geographic information systems (GIS) have proven effective in studying intentional injury in various communities; however, GIS is not implemented widely for use by level I trauma centers in understanding patient populations. Our study of intentional injury combines the capabilities of GIS with a level I trauma center registry to determine the spatial distribution of victims and correlated socioeconomic factors. METHODS: 1,099 out of 3,109 total incidents of intentional trauma in the trauma registry from 2005-2015 had sufficient street address information to be mapped in GIS...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986822/global-spread-of-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-predicting-pandemics
#3
Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Marc Souris, Willy Valdivia-Granda
As successive epidemics have swept the world, the scientific community has quickly learned from them about the emergence and transmission of communicable diseases. Epidemics usually occur when health systems are unprepared. During an unexpected epidemic, health authorities engage in damage control, fear drives action, and the desire to understand the threat is greatest. As humanity recovers, policy-makers seek scientific expertise to improve their "preparedness" to face future events.Global spread of disease is exemplified by the spread of yellow fever from Africa to the Americas, by the spread of dengue fever through transcontinental migration of mosquitos, by the relentless influenza virus pandemics, and, most recently, by the unexpected emergence of Ebola virus, spread by motorbike and long haul carriers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954376/gis-environmental-information-analysis-of-the-darro-river-basin-as-the-key-for-the-management-and-hydrological-forest-restoration
#4
Paz Fernandez, Expectación Delgado, Mónica Lopez-Alonso, José Manuel Poyatos
This article presents analyses of soil and environmental information for the Darro River basin (Granada-Spain) preliminary to its hydrological and forestry restoration. These analyses were carried out using a geographical information system (GIS) and employing a new procedure that adapts hydrological forest-restoration methods. The complete analysis encompasses morphological conditions, soil and climate characteristics as well as vegetation and land use. The study investigates soil erosion in the basin by using Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and by mapping erosion fragility units...
September 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918766/measuring-and-comparing-hospital-accessibility-for-palm-beach-county-s-elderly-and-nonelderly-populations-during-a-hurricane
#5
Shivangi Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether, during a hurricane, geographic accessibility to hospitals with emergency care is compromised disproportionately for the elderly than for the nonelderly. METHODS: The locations of hospitals with emergency health care and a subset of those hospitals functional during a hurricane were compared with the distribution of the elderly population at the block group level in Palm Beach County, Florida. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proximity analysis (minimum distance to closest hospital) and cumulative distribution functions were used to measure and compare hospital accessibility during normal and hurricane conditions for the elderly and nonelderly populations...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906480/disaster-governance-for-community-resilience-in-coastal-towns-chilean-case-studies
#6
Paula Villagra, Carolina Quintana
This study aimed to further our understanding of a characteristic of Community Resilience known as Disaster Governance. Three attributes of Disaster Governance-redundancy, diversity, and overlap-were studied in four coastal towns in southern Chile that are at risk of tsunamis. Overall, we explored how different spatial structures of human settlements influence Disaster Governance. Using the Projective Mapping Technique, the distribution of emergency institutions (N = 32) and uses given to specific sites (e...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888234/disseminating-near-real-time-hazards-information-and-flood-maps-in-the-philippines-through-web-gis
#7
Alfredo Mahar Francisco A Lagmay, Bernard Alan Racoma, Ken Adrian Aracan, Jenalyn Alconis-Ayco, Ivan Lester Saddi
The Philippines being a locus of tropical cyclones, tsunamis, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, is a hotbed of disasters. These natural hazards inflict loss of lives and costly damage to property. Situated in a region where climate and geophysical tempest is common, the Philippines will inevitably suffer from calamities similar to those experienced recently. With continued development and population growth in hazard prone areas, it is expected that damage to infrastructure and human losses would persist and even rise unless appropriate measures are immediately implemented by government...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874944/using-geospatial-mapping-to-determine-the-impact-of-all-terrain-vehicle-crashes-on-both-rural-and-urban-communities
#8
Evelyn S Qin, Charles A Jennissen, Caroline A Wadman, Gerene M Denning
INTRODUCTION: Deaths and injuries from all-terrain vehicle (ATV) crashes result in approximately 700 deaths each year and more than 100,000 emergency department (ED) visits. Common misconceptions about ATV crashes are a significant barrier to injury prevention efforts, as is the lack of key information about where and how crashes occur. The purpose of this study was to determine ATV crash patterns within a state, and to compare and contrast characteristics of these crashes as a function of crash-site rurality...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841692/using-niche-modelling-and-species-specific-cost-analyses-to-determine-a-multispecies-corridor-in-a-fragmented-landscape
#9
Karen E DeMatteo, Miguel A Rinas, Juan Pablo Zurano, Nicole Selleski, Rosio G Schneider, Carina F Argüelles
Misiones, Argentina, contains the largest remaining tract of Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest ecoregion; however, ~50% of native forest is unprotected and located in a mosaic of plantations, agriculture, and pastures. Existing protected areas are becoming increasingly isolated due to ongoing habitat modification. These factors, combined with lower than expected regional carnivore densities, emphasize the need to understand the effect of fragmentation on animal movement and connectivity between protected areas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763570/iron-and-manganese-in-groundwater-using-kriging-and-gis-to-locate-high-concentrations-in-buncombe-county-north-carolina
#10
Crystal D Johnson, Arpita Nandi, T Andrew Joyner, Ingrid Luffman
For health, economic, and aesthetic reasons, allowable concentrations (as suggested by the United States Environmental Protection Agency) of the secondary contaminants iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) found present in drinking water are 0.3 and 0.05 mg/L, respectively. Water samples taken from private drinking wells in rural communities within Buncombe County, North Carolina contain concentrations of these metals that exceed secondary water quality criteria. This study predicted the spatial distribution of Fe and Mn in the county, and evaluated the effect of site environmental factors (bedrock geology, ground elevation, saprolite thickness, and drinking water well depth) in controlling the variability of Fe and Mn in groundwater...
August 1, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749317/understanding-the-use-of-geographical-information-systems-gis-in-health-informatics-research-a-review
#11
Nicola Shaw, Suzanne McGuire
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this literature review is to understand geographical information systems (GIS) and how they can be applied to public health informatics, medical informatics, and epidemiology. METHOD: Relevant papers that reflected the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in health research were identified from four academic databases: Academic Search Complete, BioMed Central, PubMed Central, and Scholars Portal, as well as Google Scholar. The search strategy used was to identify articles with "geographic information systems", "GIS", "public health", "medical informatics", "epidemiology", and "health geography" as main subject headings or text words in titles and abstracts...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741679/comparing-social-group-identifications-and-socioeconomic-deprivation-as-predictors-of-psychological-distress-evidence-from-a-scottish-primary-care-sample
#12
Fabia Cientanni, Kevin Power, Fabio Sani, Christopher Wright, Frances Baty, Kerry Hustings, David Morgan, Gary Tanner
Social group identification and socioeconomic deprivation have both been linked to self-reported depressive symptoms in general population samples; however, no study to date has explored the strength of the joint predictive value of these factors within a mental health population. The current study explored the impact of social group identifications and socioeconomic deprivation, together with important clinical and demographic variables, on psychological distress in a Scottish mental health sample. Participants (N = 976) were recruited from referrals to a computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme in Scotland, 'Beating the Blues' (BtB) over a 25-month period...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728139/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-influence-of-the-neighborhood-environment-on-recreational-walking-within-the-neighborhood-results-from-reside
#13
Hayley Christian, Matthew Knuiman, Mark Divitini, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Bryan Boruff, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: There is limited longitudinal evidence confirming the role of neighborhood environment attributes in encouraging people to walk more or if active people simply choose to live in activity-friendly neighborhoods. Natural experiments of policy changes to create more walkable communities provide stronger evidence for a causal effect of neighborhood environments on residents' walking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate longitudinal associations between objective and perceived neighborhood environment measures and neighborhood recreational walking...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699000/nature-diversity-and-well-being-in-old-age
#14
Merja Rantakokko, Kirsi E Keskinen, Katja Kokko, Erja Portegijs
BACKGROUND: The research aim was to study the associations of nature diversity with quality of life (QoL) and depressive symptoms among older people, and whether physical activity explains the associations. METHODS: Community-dwelling people aged 75-90 years (n = 848) living in Central Finland were interviewed in their homes. QoL was assessed with a short version of the World Health Organization Quality-of-Life Assessment (range 0-130, higher score indicates better QoL) and depressive symptoms with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (range 0-30, higher scores indicate more depressive symptoms)...
July 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692659/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-health-services-in-the-united-states-origins-evolution-and-contemporary-landscape
#15
Alexander J Martos, Patrick A Wilson, Ilan H Meyer
BACKGROUND: LGBT community organizations in the United States have been providing health services since at least the 1970s. However, available explanations for the origins of LGBT health services do not sufficiently explain why health in particular has been so closely and consistently linked to LGBT activism. Little is also known regarding how LGBT health services may have evolved over time with the growing scientific understanding of LGBT health needs. METHODS: This study begins with a review of the early intersections of sexuality and health that led to an LGBT health movement in the United States, as well as the evolution of LGBT health services over time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682745/a-community-resource-map-to-support-clinical-community-linkages-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-childhood-obesity-eastern-massachusetts-2014-2016
#16
Lauren Fiechtner, Gabriella C Puente, Mona Sharifi, Jason P Block, Sarah Price, Richard Marshall, Jeff Blossom, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
BACKGROUND: Novel approaches to health care delivery that leverage community resources could improve outcomes for children at high risk for obesity. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We describe the process by which we created an online interactive community resources map for use in the Connect for Health randomized controlled trial. The trial was conducted in the 6 pediatric practices that cared for the highest percentage of children with overweight or obesity within a large multi-specialty group practice in eastern Massachusetts...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679885/geographic-mapping-of-use-and-knowledge-of-the-existence-of-projects-or-ict-based-devices-in-dementia-care
#17
Vassiliki Zacharopoulou, Dimitrios Zarakovitis, Georgia Zacharopoulou, Nikolaos Tsaloukidis, Athina Lazakidou
The purpose of this study is to investigate the knowledge and use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) from community-based patients, while the results were visualized on maps by using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Of the 779 participants, 37.4% of the patients responded that they were aware of the availability of ICTs available for dementia, with only 9.2% responding that they were using individual devices. It was apparent that 94.7% of those with a university education had knowledge of ICT and 47...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665336/factors-that-influence-intake-to-one-municipal-animal-control-facility-in-florida-a-qualitative-study
#18
Terry Spencer, Linda Behar-Horenstein, Joe Aufmuth, Nancy Hardt, Jennifer W Applebaum, Amber Emanuel, Natalie Isaza
This qualitative study identified a study area by visualizing one year of animal intake from a municipal animal shelter on geographic information systems (GIS) maps to select an area of high stray-dog intake to investigate. Researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with residents of the selected study area to elucidate why there were high numbers of stray dogs coming from this location. Using grounded theory, three themes emerged from the interviews: concerns, attitudes, and disparities. The residents expressed concerns about animal welfare, personal safety, money, and health...
June 30, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651532/potential-accessibility-scores-for-hospital-care-in-a-province-of-japan-gis-based-ecological-study-of-the-two-step-floating-catchment-area-method-and-the-number-of-neighborhood-hospitals
#19
Takashi Nakamura, Akihisa Nakamura, Kengo Mukuda, Masanori Harada, Kazuhiko Kotani
BACKGROUND: For achieving equity of the accessibility to primary healthcare, measuring potential geographical accessibility is essential. The provider-to-population ratio is the most frequently used measure. However, it is difficult to be used in closer region because it does not take into consideration the people and health services beyond its boundary. In order to overcome this problem, we measured the potential access to hospital, using both distance measures and the enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614377/spatial-distribution-of-child-pedestrian-injuries-along-census-tract-boundaries-implications-for-identifying-area-based-correlates
#20
Jacqueline W Curtis
Census tracts are often used to investigate area-based correlates of a variety of health outcomes. This approach has been shown to be valuable in understanding the ways that health is shaped by place and to design appropriate interventions that account for community-level processes. Following this line of inquiry, it is common in the study of pedestrian injuries to aggregate the point level locations of these injuries to the census tracts in which they occur. Such aggregation enables investigation of the relationships between a range of socioeconomic variables and areas of notably high or low incidence...
2017: PloS One
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