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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835073/geospatial-information-system-analysis-of-healthcare-need-and-telemedicine-delivery-in-california
#1
Taylor Kaufman, Estella M Geraghty, Navjit Dullet, Jesse King, Jamie Kissee, James P Marcin
BACKGROUND: Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) superimpose data on geographical maps to provide visual representations of data by region. Few studies have used GIS data to investigate if telemedicine services are preferentially provided to communities of greatest need. INTRODUCTION: This study compared the healthcare needs of communities with and without telemedicine services from a university-based telemedicine program. METHODS: Originating sites for all telemedicine consultations between July 1996 and December 2013 were geocoded using ArcGIS software...
November 11, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772674/geolocalization-of-influenza-outbreak-within%C3%A2-an%C3%A2-acute-care-population-a-layered-surveillance-approach
#2
Vijay Christopher Kannan, Nicole Hodgson, Andrew Lau, Kate Goodin, Andrea Freyer Dugas, Frank LoVecchio
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to use a novel layered-surveillance approach to localize influenza clusters within an acute care population. The first layer of this system is a syndromic surveillance screen to guide rapid polymerase chain reaction testing. The second layer is geolocalization and cluster analysis of these patients. We posit that any identified clusters could represent at-risk populations who could serve as high-yield targets for preventive medical interventions. METHODS: This was a prospective observational surveillance study...
November 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660226/distribution-characteristics-of-spermophilus-dauricus-in-manchuria-city-in-china-in-2015-through-3s-technology
#3
Long Xing Fan, En Qi Wu, Jun Liu, Xiao Chen Qu, Chao Liu, Bao An Ning, Ying Liu
Plague is a virulent infectious disease in China. In this study, '3S' technology was used to perform spatial autocorrelation analysis and spatial interpolation analysis for Spermophilus dauricus (S. Dauricus, a species of ground squirrel) captured in Manchuria City in 2015. The results were visually inspected. During the two-month (May to July) plague surveillance in 2015, 198 S. dauricus individuals were captured in the study area in Manchuria City (48 monitoring areas) by using a day-by-day catching method...
August 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638934/neighborhood-context-and-youth-physical-activity-differential-associations-by-gender-and-age
#4
Lori Kowaleski-Jones, Jessie X Fan, Ming Wen, Heidi Hanson
PURPOSE: The goal of this research is to examine the extent to which facets of neighborhood sociodemographic contexts influence individual-level physical activity (PA) among youth. DESIGN: Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), geographic information systems (GIS), and census data sources, we explicitly test whether built environment factors have differential associations depending on the age and gender of the youth living in urban census tracts...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586812/can-incidental-sighting-data-be-used-to-elucidate-habitat-preferences-and-areas-of-suitable-habitat-for-cryptic-species
#5
Wesley R Hauser, Sigrid R Heise-Pavlov
The involvement of communities into ecological studies has been shown to augment conservation efforts, especially for cryptic species. However, there is a lack of studies addressing the utility of incidental sighting records from community members in gaining knowledge on habitat preferences and distribution of suitable habitat for these organisms. This study compares preferences of the Lumholtz's tree kangaroo (Dendrolagus lumholtzi; LTK), a cryptic rainforest folivore in North-Eastern Australia, for various habitat and climatic variables derived from data collected during scientific projects to those derived from incidental sighting records using ArcGIS and Maxent...
September 2, 2016: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332443/geo-spatial-informatics-in-international-public-health-nursing-education
#6
Madeleine J Kerr, Michelle L L Honey, Brittany Krzyzanowski
This poster describes results of an undergraduate nursing informatics experience. Students applied geo-spatial methods to community assessments in two urban regions of New Zealand and the United States. Students used the Omaha System standardized language to code their observations during a brief community assessment activity and entered their data into a mapping program developed in Esri ArcGIS Online, a geographic information system. Results will be displayed in tables and maps to allow comparison among the communities...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311747/near-real-time-space-time-cluster-analysis-for-detection-of-enteric-disease-outbreaks-in-a-community-setting
#7
Aharona Glatman-Freedman, Zalman Kaufman, Eran Kopel, Ravit Bassal, Diana Taran, Lea Valinsky, Vered Agmon, Manor Shpriz, Daniel Cohen, Emilia Anis, Tamy Shohat
OBJECTIVES: To enhance timely surveillance of bacterial enteric pathogens, space-time cluster analysis was introduced in Israel in May 2013. METHODS: Stool isolation data of Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter from patients of a large Health Maintenance Organization were analyzed weekly by ArcGIS and SaTScan, and cluster results were sent promptly to local departments of health (LDOHs). RESULTS: During eighteen months, we identified 52 Shigella sonnei clusters, two Salmonella clusters, and no Campylobacter clusters...
August 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253869/crowdsourcing-vector-surveillance-using-community-knowledge-and-experiences-to-predict-densities-and-distribution-of-outdoor-biting-mosquitoes-in-rural-tanzania
#8
Stephen Peter Mwangungulu, Robert David Sumaye, Alex Julius Limwagu, Doreen Josen Siria, Emmanuel Wilson Kaindoa, Fredros Oketch Okumu
Lack of reliable techniques for large-scale monitoring of disease-transmitting mosquitoes is a major public health challenge, especially where advanced geo-information systems are not regularly applicable. We tested an innovative crowd-sourcing approach, which relies simply on knowledge and experiences of residents to rapidly predict areas where disease-transmitting mosquitoes are most abundant. Guided by community-based resource persons, we mapped boundaries and major physical features in three rural Tanzanian villages...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940103/salmonella-infections-modelling-in-mississippi-using-neural-network-and-geographical-information-system-gis
#9
Luma Akil, H Anwar Ahmad
OBJECTIVES: Mississippi (MS) is one of the southern states with high rates of foodborne infections. The objectives of this paper are to determine the extent of Salmonella and Escherichia coli infections in MS, and determine the Salmonella infections correlation with socioeconomic status using geographical information system (GIS) and neural network models. METHODS: In this study, the relevant updated data of foodborne illness for southern states, from 2002 to 2011, were collected and used in the GIS and neural networks models...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868092/parkindex-development-of-a-standardized-metric-of-park-access-for-research-and-planning
#10
Andrew T Kaczynski, Jasper Schipperijn, J Aaron Hipp, Gina M Besenyi, Sonja A Wilhelm Stanis, S Morgan Hughey, Sara Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: A lack of comprehensive and standardized metrics for measuring park exposure limits park-related research and health promotion efforts. This study aimed to develop and demonstrate an empirically-derived and spatially-represented index of park access (ParkIndex) that would allow researchers, planners, and citizens to evaluate the potential for park use for a given area. METHODS: Data used for developing ParkIndex were collected in 2010 in Kansas City, Missouri (KCMO)...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843400/spatial-distribution-and-cluster-analysis-of-risky-sexual-behaviours-and-stds-reported-by-chinese-adults-in-guangzhou-china-a-representative-population-based-study
#11
Wen Chen, Fangjing Zhou, Brian J Hall, Yu Wang, Carl Latkin, Li Ling, Joseph D Tucker
OBJECTIVES: To assess associations between residences location, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among adults living in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: Data were obtained from 751 Chinese adults aged 18-59 years in Guangzhou, China, using stratified random sampling by using spatial epidemiological methods. Face-to-face household interviews were conducted to collect self-report data on risky sexual behaviours and diagnosed STDs. Kulldorff's spatial scan statistic was implemented to identify and detect spatial distribution and clusters of risky sexual behaviours and STDs...
June 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830900/racial-disparities-in-endometrial-cancer-mortality-to-incidence-ratios-among-blacks-and-whites-in-south-carolina
#12
Oluwole A Babatunde, Swann Arp Adams, Jan M Eberth, Michael D Wirth, Seul Ki Choi, James R Hebert
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer (EC) exhibits striking racial disparities with higher mortality in Blacks compared to Whites. The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) provides a population-based measure of survival which accounts for incidence. The objective of this study was to map EC MIRs by race for eight health regions within South Carolina (SC) and chart EC incidence by race and grade across the four cancer stages. METHODS: Cancer incidence and mortality data were obtained from the SC Community Access Network (SCAN), the online data query system provided by the SC Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC)...
April 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809340/assessment-of-productivity-of-culex-spp-larvae-diptera-culicidae-in-urban-storm-water-catch-basin-system-in-wroc%C3%A5-aw-sw-poland
#13
Katarzyna Rydzanicz, Piotr Jawień, Elżbieta Lonc, Magdalena Modelska
In urban environments, catch basins serve as major developmental and resting sites for anthropophilic and zoophilic mosquitoes. However, the use of this habitat is inconsistent, with abundance of larvae varying significantly across catch basins at a fine spatial scale. During seasonal summer investigations on mosquito species composition, their spatial and temporal distribution and the environmental characteristic of the breeding sites in the underground storm drain systems of the Wrocław urban area (SW Poland) were assessed from May to September in 2012-2013...
April 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763245/north-carolina-s-operation-medicine-drop-results-from-one-of-the-nation-s-largest-drug-disposal-programs
#14
Eleanor Fleming, Scott Proescholdbell, Nidhi Sachdeva, Apostolos A Alexandridis, Lewis Margolis, Kelly Ransdell
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, a total of 1,085 North Carolina residents died due to unintentional poisoning; 91% of these deaths were attributed to medications or drugs (over-the-counter, prescription, or illicit). Proper disposal of unused, unneeded, and/or expired medications is an essential part of preventing these unintentional deaths, as well as averting the other adverse consequences of these drugs on the environment and population health. METHODS: Operation Medicine Drop is a medication take-back program coordinated by Safe Kids North Carolina, a county-level, coalition-based injury prevention organization...
January 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685182/rebalance-without-the-balance-a-research-note-on-the-availability-of-community-based-services-in-areas-where-nursing-homes-have-closed
#15
Denise A Tyler, Mary L Fennell
Policies to "rebalance" funding away from nursing homes and toward home and community-based services (HCBS) have encouraged national trends of nursing home closure and an expansion of the HCBS industry. These changes are unfolding without a clear understanding of what services are available at the local level. The purpose of this study was: (1) to describe the current distribution of community-based services (CBS) in areas where nursing homes have closed and (2) to examine differences in availability of CBS using local market and population characteristics as regressors in a multinomial logistic model...
December 17, 2015: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26593274/accessibility-to-tuberculosis-control-services-and-tuberculosis-programme-performance-in-southern-ethiopia
#16
Mesay Hailu Dangisso, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: Despite the expansion of health services and community-based interventions in Ethiopia, limited evidence exists about the distribution of and access to health facilities and their relationship with the performance of tuberculosis (TB) control programmes. We aim to assess the geographical distribution of and physical accessibility to TB control services and their relationship with TB case notification rates (CNRs) and treatment outcome in the Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia...
2015: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451902/driving-distance-to-telemedicine-units-in-northern-ontario-as-a-measure-of-potential-access-to-healthcare
#17
Laurel D O'Gorman, John C Hogenbirk
INTRODUCTION: The Ontario Telemedicine Network (OTN) uses technology to help make medical services more accessible to people in medically underserved rural and remote parts of Ontario, Canada. We examined access to OTN-enabled health and medical services in Northern Ontario, which has 775,000 people in communities scattered across an area of 803,000 km(2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used ArcGIS Network Analyst (Esri, Redlands, CA) to conduct a service area analysis with travel time as a measure of potential access to care...
April 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26037107/assessment-of-sociodemographic-and-geographic-disparities-in-cancer-risk-from-air-toxics-in-south-carolina
#18
Sacoby Wilson, Kristen Burwell-Naney, Chengsheng Jiang, Hongmei Zhang, Ashok Samantapudi, Rianna Murray, Laura Dalemarre, LaShanta Rice, Edith Williams
Populations of color and low-income communities are often disproportionately burdened by exposures to various environmental contaminants, including air pollution. Some air pollutants have carcinogenic properties that are particularly problematic in South Carolina (SC), a state that consistently has high rates of cancer mortality for all sites. The purpose of this study was to assess cancer risk disparities in SC by linking risk estimates from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's 2005 National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) with sociodemographic data from the 2000 US Census Bureau...
July 2015: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26018107/spatial-and-census-data-to-evaluate-obese-persons-and-their-environment-scope
#19
Mary A Nies, Keith T Weber, John Holmes, Teri Peterson, Kindra Serr, Justin Arias, Wei Yean Lim, Rex Force
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the built environment and its relationship to BMI for individuals in eastern Idaho. METHODS: Geospatial analyses were coupled to demographic data of adult individuals. ArcGIS Community Analyst was used to compare demographics relative to median BMI. RESULTS: For every kilometer increase in distance to prepared food sites, BMI went down by 1.3% and every kilometer increase in distance to green space, BMI went down by 0...
July 2015: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25913970/0080%C3%A2-it-s-not-mr-rogers-neighbourhood-health-literacy-and-injury-outcomes-use-of-community-level-commercial-marketing-data
#20
Jon Roesle, Anna Gaichas, Yiwen Zhang, Mark Kinde
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE: Research has consistently shown that community-level socioeconomic (SES) indicators are associated with injury incidence and outcomes. Health literacy, perhaps the newest SES indicator, is the capacity to understand basic health information and make appropriate health decisions (Koh et al., Health Affairs, 2012). Health literate populations may be better equipped for good health outcomes due to their understanding of current health and prevention messages. The purpose of the analysis is to observe whether community characteristics are associated with inequalities in crash characteristics and outcomes...
April 2015: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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