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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754561/an-economic-cost-analysis-of-an-expanding-multi-state-behavioural-telehealth-intervention
#1
Siobhan K Yilmaz, Brady P Horn, Chris Fore, Caroline A Bonham
Introduction In this paper the economic costs associated with a growing, multi-state telepsychiatry intervention serving rural American Indian/Alaska Native populations were compared to costs of travelling to provide/receive in-person treatment. Methods Telepsychiatry costs were calculated using administrative, information-technology, equipment and technology components, and were compared to travel cost models. Both a patient travel and a psychiatrist travel model were estimated utilising ArcGIS software and unit costs gathered from literature and government sources...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562909/bibliometric-analysis-of-peer-reviewed-literature-in-transgender-health-1900-2017
#2
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Transgender community is marginalized and under-researched. Analysis of peer-reviewed literature in transgender health is needed to better understand health needs and human rights of transgender people. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze global research activity in transgender health published in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: Peer-reviewed documents in transgender health were retrieved using Scopus database. VOSviewer was used to map frequently encountered author keywords while ArcGIS 10...
March 21, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534104/genotyping-and-spatial-analysis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-cases-in-the-state-of-veracruz-mexico
#3
Francles Blanco-Guillot, M Lucía Castañeda-Cediel, Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Leticia Ferreyra-Reyes, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, Elizabeth Ferreira-Guerrero, Rogelio Montero-Campos, Miriam Bobadilla-Del-Valle, Rosa Areli Martínez-Gamboa, Pedro Torres-González, Norma Téllez-Vazquez, Sergio Canizales-Quintero, Mercedes Yanes-Lane, Norma Mongua-Rodríguez, Alfredo Ponce-de-León, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Lourdes García-García
BACKGROUND: Genotyping and georeferencing in tuberculosis (TB) have been used to characterize the distribution of the disease and occurrence of transmission within specific groups and communities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that diabetes mellitus (DM) and pulmonary TB may occur in spatial and molecular aggregations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with pulmonary TB. The study area included 12 municipalities in the Sanitary Jurisdiction of Orizaba, Veracruz, México...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511743/spatial-distribution-patterns-of-illegal-artisanal-small-scale-gold-mining-galamsey-operations-in-ghana-a-focus-on-the-western-region
#4
F Owusu-Nimo, J Mantey, K B Nyarko, Eugene Appiah-Effah, A Aubynn
Recently, there have been efforts by stakeholders to monitor illegal mining ( galamsey) activities, foster their formalization and reclaim the many abandoned wastelands in Ghana. However, limited information exists on the locations, abundance, scope and scale of galamsey types, which hinders the development of effective policy response. This study attempts to map and analyze the distribution patterns, abundance, activity statuses and the extents of nine (9) galamsey types within eleven (11) Municipal and District Assemblies (MDAs) of Ghana's Western Region...
February 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361993/the-flint-food-store-survey-combining-spatial-analysis-with-a-modified-nutrition-environment-measures-survey-in-stores-nems-s-to-measure-the-community-and-consumer-nutrition-environments
#5
Erika R Shaver, Richard C Sadler, Alex B Hill, Kendall Bell, Myah Ray, Jennifer Choy-Shin, Joy Lerner, Teresa Soldner, Andrew D Jones
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to use a methodology that accurately and reliably describes the availability, price and quality of healthy foods at both the store and community levels using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores (NEMS-S), to propose a spatial methodology for integrating these store and community data into measures for defining objective food access. SETTING: Two hundred and sixty-five retail food stores in and within 2 miles (3·2 km) of Flint, Michigan, USA, were mapped using ArcGIS mapping software...
January 24, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350592/geographic-proximity-to-specialized-pediatric-neurosurgical-care-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#6
Abdul-Kareem Ahmed, Ann-Christine Duhaime, Timothy R Smith
OBJECTIVE Absent from an analysis of supply is consideration of the geographic distribution of pediatric neurosurgeons. Several patient socioeconomic metrics are known to be associated with outcome in pediatric neurosurgical diseases, such as hydrocephalus. The purpose of this study was to determine current geographic proximity to pediatric neurosurgical care using professional society databases. This study also sought to establish how socioeconomic factors are related to distance to care, using federal government-collected data...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314752/distance-to-pig-farms-as-risk-factor-for-community-onset-livestock-associated-mrsa-cc398-infection-in-persons-without-known-contact-to-pig-farms-a-nationwide-study
#7
J C H Anker, A Koch, S Ethelberg, K Mølbak, J Larsen, M R Jepsen
MRSA CC398 is an emerging MRSA strain found in livestock, mainly in pigs. Direct occupational livestock contact is the principal risk factor for human MRSA CC398 infection. Nonetheless, in recent years, an increasing number of MRSA CC398 cases has been observed in persons without known pig contact. Such cases, referred to as MRSA CC398 of unknown origin (MUO CC398), have, like livestock-onset (LO) MRSA CC398 cases, been found concentrated in rural, livestock-producing areas. The presence of MUO CC398 cases indicates alternative and unknown MRSA CC398 transmission pathways into the community...
May 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126118/decentralized-and-reproducible-geocoding-and-characterization-of-community-and-environmental-exposures-for-multisite-studies
#8
Cole Brokamp, Chris Wolfe, Todd Lingren, John Harley, Patrick Ryan
Objective: Geocoding and characterizing geographic, community, and environmental characteristics of study participants is frequently done in epidemiological studies. However, participant addresses are identifiable protected health information (PHI) and geocoding must be conducted in a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant manner. Our objective was to create a software application for this process that addresses limitations in current approaches. Materials and Methods: We used a containerization platform to create DeGAUSS (Decentralized Geomarker Assessment for Multi-Site Studies), a software application that facilitates reproducible geocoding and geomarker assessment while maintaining the confidentiality of PHI...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098491/pastoralists-vulnerability-to-trypanosomiasis-in-maasai-steppe
#9
Happiness J Nnko, Paul S Gwakisa, Anibariki Ngonyoka, Meshack Saigilu, Moses Ole-Neselle, William Kisoka, Calvin Sindato, Anna Estes
Trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease of both livestock and humans. Although pastoral communities of the Maasai Steppe have been able to adapt to trypanosomiasis in the past, their traditional strategies are now constrained by changes in climate and land regimes that affect their ability to move with their herds and continually shape the communities' vulnerability to trypanosomiasis. Despite these constraints, information on communities' vulnerability and adaptive capacity to trypanosomiasis is limited...
November 2, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080373/youth-access-to-indoor-tanning-salons-in-urban-versus-rural-suburban-communities
#10
Vinayak K Nahar, Meagen Rosenthal, Stephenie C Lemon, Kevin Kane, Jie Cheng, Jessica L Oleski, Wenjun Li, Joel J Hillhouse, Sherry L Pagoto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Research suggests that youth proximity to tanning salons may promote use; however, little is known about tanning salon proximity to schools. We assessed the proximity of tanning salons to schools in urban versus rural/suburban communities across Worcester County, Massachusetts (population > 800K). To put findings in context, we compared school proximity to tanning salons to school proximity to McDonald's restaurants, a large franchise that also caters to young people...
March 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808612/para-i-famagu-on-ta-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-food-store-environment-and-childhood-overweight-obesity-in-the-children-s-healthy-living-program-on-guam
#11
Lenora Matanane, Marie Kainoa Fialkowski, Joshua Silva, Fenfang Li, Claudio Nigg, Rachael T Leon Guerrero, Rachel Novotny
This cross-sectional study examined the: (1) association between food store environment (FSE), fruit and vegetable (FV) availability and access, and prevalence of early childhood overweight/obesity (COWOB); and (2) influence of young child actual FV intake on the relationship between the FSE and early COWOB prevalence. Anthropometric and socio-demographic data of children (2 to 8 years; N=466) in baseline communities on Guam participating in the Children's Healthy Living (CHL) Program community trial were included...
August 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692659/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-health-services-in-the-united-states-origins-evolution-and-contemporary-landscape
#12
Alexander J Martos, Patrick A Wilson, Ilan H Meyer
BACKGROUND: LGBT community organizations in the United States have been providing health services since at least the 1970s. However, available explanations for the origins of LGBT health services do not sufficiently explain why health in particular has been so closely and consistently linked to LGBT activism. Little is also known regarding how LGBT health services may have evolved over time with the growing scientific understanding of LGBT health needs. METHODS: This study begins with a review of the early intersections of sexuality and health that led to an LGBT health movement in the United States, as well as the evolution of LGBT health services over time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660679/do-avoidable-hospitalization-rates-among-older-adults-differ-by-geographic-access-to-primary-care-physicians
#13
Michael R Daly, Jennifer M Mellor, Marco Millones
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between older adults' potentially avoidable hospitalization rates and both a geographic measure of primary care physician (PCP) access and a standard bounded-area measure of PCP access. DATA SOURCES: State physician licensure data from the Virginia Board of Medicine. Patient-level hospital discharge data from Virginia Health Information. Area-level data from the American Community Survey and the Area Health Resources Files...
June 28, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555475/geographic-clustering-of-elderly-people-with-above-norm-anthropometric-measurements-and-blood-chemistry
#14
Carlos Mena, Eduardo Fuentes, Yony Ormazábal, Iván Palomo
The global percentage of people over 60 is strongly increasing and estimated to exceed 20% by 20,150, which means that there will be an increase in many pathological conditions related to aging. Mapping of the location of aging people and identification of their needs can be extremely valuable from a social-economic point of view. Participants in this study were 148 randomly selected adults from Talca City, Chile aged 60-74 at baseline. Geographic information systems (GIS) analyses were performed using ArcGIS software through its module Spatial Autocorrelation...
May 11, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510584/identification-of-novel-risk-factors-for-community-acquired-clostridium-difficile-infection-using-spatial-statistics-and-geographic-information-system-analyses
#15
Deverick J Anderson, Leoncio Flavio Rojas, Shera Watson, Lauren P Knelson, Sohayla Pruitt, Sarah S Lewis, Rebekah W Moehring, Emily E Sickbert Bennett, David J Weber, Luke F Chen, Daniel J Sexton
BACKGROUND: The rate of community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (CA-CDI) is increasing. While receipt of antibiotics remains an important risk factor for CDI, studies related to acquisition of C. difficile outside of hospitals are lacking. As a result, risk factors for exposure to C. difficile in community settings have been inadequately studied. MAIN OBJECTIVE: To identify novel environmental risk factors for CA-CDI. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of patients with CA-CDI from 1/1/2007 through 12/31/2014 in a 10-county area in central North Carolina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478980/use-of-geospatial-modeling-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-telestroke-on-access-to-stroke-thrombolysis-in-ontario
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lauren Jewett, Ario Mirian, Ben Connolly, Frank L Silver, Demetrios J Sahlas
BACKGROUND: The treatment of acute ischemic stroke in Ontario is coordinated through a network of stroke centers, supplemented by emergency telemedicine consultations to nonstroke centers through the Ontario Telemedicine Network's province-wide Telestroke program. Using geoinformatics, we sought to evaluate the overall impact of Telestroke on access to stroke thrombolysis in Ontario. METHODS: Ontario population data (census) were used to overlay polygons created by Service Area Analysis using ArcGIS 10...
July 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455122/kids-cam-an-objective-methodology-to-study-the-world-in-which-children-live
#17
Louise N Signal, Moira B Smith, Michelle Barr, James Stanley, Tim J Chambers, Jiang Zhou, Aaron Duane, Gabrielle L S Jenkin, Amber L Pearson, Cathal Gurrin, Alan F Smeaton, Janet Hoek, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports on a new methodology to objectively study the world in which children live. The primary research study (Kids'Cam Food Marketing) illustrates the method; numerous ancillary studies include exploration of children's exposure to alcohol, smoking, "blue" space and gambling, and their use of "green" space, transport, and sun protection. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight randomly selected children (aged 11-13 years) recruited from 16 randomly selected schools in Wellington, New Zealand used wearable cameras and GPS units for 4 days, recording imagery every 7 seconds and longitude/latitude locations every 5 seconds...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257402/poorly-controlled-diabetes-in-new-york-city-mapping-high-density-neighborhoods
#18
Winfred Y Wu, Qun Jiang, Steve S Di Lonardo
OBJECTIVE: To identify geographic areas in New York City (NYC) for implementing programming focused on reducing the burden attributed to poor glycemic control and improving the health of New Yorkers. DESIGN: We geocoded addresses of NYC residents in the NYC Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) Registry with high (>9%) HbA1c test values from 2011 to 2013 on an NYC base map. The ArcGIS point density spatial analysis tool was applied to create a map of NYC residents with diabetes in poor glycemic control...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103294/community-based-entomological-surveillance-reveals-urban-foci-of-chagas-disease-vectors-in-sobral-state-of-cear%C3%A3-northeastern-brazil
#19
Cynara Carvalho Parente, Fernando S M Bezerra, Plutarco I Parente, Raimundo V Dias-Neto, Samanta C C Xavier, Alberto N Ramos, Filipe A Carvalho-Costa, Marli M Lima
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to explore the potential risk of vector-borne Chagas disease in urban districts in northeastern Brazil, by analyzing the spatiotemporal distributions and natural infection rates with Trypanosoma cruzi of triatomine species captured in recent years. The main motivation of this work was an acute human case of Chagas disease reported in 2008 in the municipality of Sobral. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We analyzed data from community-based entomological surveillance carried out from 2010 to 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086893/seasonal-variation-in-geographical-access-to-maternal-health-services-in-regions-of-southern-mozambique
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Nadine Schuurman, Charfudin Sacoor, Helena Edith Boene, Faustino Vilanculo, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene, Khátia Munguambe, Tabassum Firoz
BACKGROUND: Geographic proximity to health facilities is a known determinant of access to maternal care. Methods of quantifying geographical access to care have largely ignored the impact of precipitation and flooding. Further, travel has largely been imagined as unimodal where one transport mode is used for entire journeys to seek care. This study proposes a new approach for modeling potential spatio-temporal access by evaluating the impact of precipitation and floods on access to maternal health services using multiple transport modes, in southern Mozambique...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
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