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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221822/clinical-characteristics-and-spatial-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-children-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-an-emerging-focus-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-brazil
#1
Patricia Rodrigues Naufal Spir, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Elivelton Silva Fonseca, Aline Dayse, Rogério Giuffrida, Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D'Andrea
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging zoonosis, and Brazil harbors about 90% of those infected in Latin America. Since 1998, the disease has been spreading quickly in São Paulo state, and the western region is considered an emerging focus of VL in Brazil. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and spatial distribution of VL in children referred to a public tertiary hospital located in the western region of São Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: Medical records of children up to 18 years of age who were diagnosed with VL between January 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed...
February 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169978/analysis-of-patient-visits-and-collections-after-opening-a-satellite-pediatric-emergency-department
#2
Katherine M Nichols, Kerry Caperell, Keith Cross, Scott Duncan, Ben Foster, Gil Liu, Hank Pritchard, Gary Southard, Ben Shinabery, Brad Sutton, In K Kim
OBJECTIVE: Satellite pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) have emerged as a strategy to increase patient capacity. We sought to determine the impact on patient visits, physician fee collections, and value of emergency department (ED) time at the primary PED after opening a nearby satellite PED. We also illustrate the spatial distribution of patient demographics and overlapping catchment areas for the primary and satellite PEDs using geographical information system. METHODS: A structured, financial retrospective review was conducted...
February 4, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146171/urban-transmission-of-schistosomiasis-new-epidemiological-situation-in-the-forest-area-of-pernambuco
#3
Elainne Christine de Souza Gomes, Millena Carla da Silva Mesquita, Vitorina Nerivânia Covello Rehn, Wheverton Ricardo Correia do Nascimento, Rodrigo Loyo, Constança Simões Barbosa
Introduction: Schistosomiasis is considered an endemic disease in Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco, a district which has presented both high incidence and prevalence of it for decades. Poor environmental conditions lead to contamination of water sources in rural areas, which are used by the population during daily activities, resulting in typical transmission. Recently, there has been evidence of vector snails in urban areas, which could set a new model for schistosomiasis transmission in this district...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103294/community-based-entomological-surveillance-reveals-urban-foci-of-chagas-disease-vectors-in-sobral-state-of-cear%C3%A3-northeastern-brazil
#4
Cynara Carvalho Parente, Fernando S M Bezerra, Plutarco I Parente, Raimundo V Dias-Neto, Samanta C C Xavier, Alberto N Ramos, Filipe A Carvalho-Costa, Marli M Lima
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to explore the potential risk of vector-borne Chagas disease in urban districts in northeastern Brazil, by analyzing the spatiotemporal distributions and natural infection rates with Trypanosoma cruzi of triatomine species captured in recent years. The main motivation of this work was an acute human case of Chagas disease reported in 2008 in the municipality of Sobral. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We analyzed data from community-based entomological surveillance carried out from 2010 to 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086893/seasonal-variation-in-geographical-access-to-maternal-health-services-in-regions-of-southern-mozambique
#5
Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Nadine Schuurman, Charfudin Sacoor, Helena Edith Boene, Faustino Vilanculo, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene, Khátia Munguambe, Tabassum Firoz
BACKGROUND: Geographic proximity to health facilities is a known determinant of access to maternal care. Methods of quantifying geographical access to care have largely ignored the impact of precipitation and flooding. Further, travel has largely been imagined as unimodal where one transport mode is used for entire journeys to seek care. This study proposes a new approach for modeling potential spatio-temporal access by evaluating the impact of precipitation and floods on access to maternal health services using multiple transport modes, in southern Mozambique...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079719/feasibility-of-using-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-to-identify-geographic-areas-for-targeted-hiv-testing
#6
Amanda D Castel, Irene Kuo, Meriam Mikre, Toni Young, Meredith Haddix, Suparna Das, Geoffrey Maugham, Carol Reisen
BACKGROUND: Improved detection and linkage to care of previously undiagnosed HIV infections require innovative approaches to testing. We sought to determine the feasibility of targeted HIV testing in geographic areas, defined by continuum of care parameters, to identify HIV-infected persons needing linkage or engagement in care. METHODS: Using HIV surveillance data from Washington, DC, we identified census tracts that had an HIV prevalence >1% and were either above (higher risk areas-HRAs) or below (lower risk areas-LRAs) the median for 3 indicators: monitored viral load, proportion of persons out of care (OOC), and never in care...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057140/-spatial-analysis-and-prediction-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-in-zhejiang-province-2011-2015
#7
H C Wu, X P Xu, C Wu, Q B Lu, Z Y Ding, J F Lin
Objective: To understand the distribution of the severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in Zhejiang province, and predict the incidence and the probability of SFTS outbreak. Methods: Based on the cases of SFTS from 2011-2015, software ArcGIS 10.0 was used to analyze the spatial distribution, Moran's I and Getis-Ord Gi were used to analyze the spatial autocorrelation. The incidence trend was explored by trend surface analysis, and the prediction was made by Kriging interpolation. Results: The incidence of SFTS increased and the distribution expanded in Zhejiang from 2011 to 2015, the seasonal and the demographic characteristics of SFTS were similar to the previous research; there were regional clustering of the cases (P<0...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990264/creating-a-driving-profile-for-older-adults-using-gps-devices-and-naturalistic-driving-methodology
#8
Ganesh M Babulal, Cindy M Traub, Mollie Webb, Sarah H Stout, Aaron Addison, David B Carr, Brian R Ott, John C Morris, Catherine M Roe
Background/Objectives: Road tests and driving simulators are most commonly used in research studies and clinical evaluations of older drivers. Our objective was to describe the process and associated challenges in adapting an existing, commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS), in-vehicle device for naturalistic, longitudinal research to better understand daily driving behavior in older drivers. Design: The Azuga G2 Tracking Device (TM) was installed in each participant's vehicle, and we collected data over 5 months (speed, latitude/longitude) every 30-seconds when the vehicle was driven...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984248/the-geographic-distribution-of-pediatric-anesthesiologists-relative-to-the-u-s-pediatric-population
#9
Matthew K Muffly, David Medeiros, Tyler M Muffly, Mark A Singleton, Anita Honkanen
BACKGROUND: The geographic relationship between pediatric anesthesiologists and the pediatric population has potentially important clinical and policy implications. In the current study, we describe the geographic distribution of pediatric anesthesiologists relative to the U.S. pediatric population (0-17 years) and a subset of the pediatric population (0-4 years). METHODS: The percentage of the U.S. pediatric population that lives within different driving distances to the nearest pediatric anesthesiologist (0 to 25 miles, >25 to 50 miles, >50 to 100 miles, >100 to 250 miles, and >250 miles) was determined by creating concentric driving distance service areas surrounding pediatric anesthesiologist practice locations...
December 14, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973357/flood-prevention-dams-for-arid-regions-at-a-micro-scale-sub-catchment-case-study-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#10
Eyad Abushandi
Unexpected flash flooding is one of the periodic hydrological problems affecting the city of Tabuk in Saudi Arabia. The region has high potential for floods as it suffers high rainfall intensity in a short time and also has high urbanization rates and topographic complexity. Constructing flood prevention dams is one option to solve this problem. A cost-effective design requires a detailed feasibility study and analysis for the selection of suitable sites. The aim of this study was to develop a method for selecting a suitable site for flood protection dams in the Abu Saba'a district, the most affected part of the city of Tabuk during the flash flood in January 2013...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968910/spatiotemporal-clusters-of-primary-and-secondary-syphilis-cases-in-south-china-an-observational-study
#11
Ngai Sze Wong, Shujie Huang, Lei Chen, Peizhen Zhao, Joseph D Tucker, Li Gang Yang, Beng Tin Goh, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
BACKGROUND: Although the overall rate of newly reported primary and secondary syphilis cases in Guangdong Province has been decreasing since 2011, incidence in some cities has increased. Location-based intervention is needed for effective resource allocation. We aimed to understand the geographical variations of syphilis epidemiology and detect possible outbreaks and epidemics at county level by spatiotemporal analyses. METHODS: In this observational study, we collected demographics, residential location, syphilis staging and diagnosis date of all reported primary and secondary syphilis cases in patients diagnosed and living in 21 cities, which were further subcategorised into 126 smaller counties, in Guangdong Province, China, from 2014 to mid-2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964987/analysis-of-the-contaminants-released-from-municipal-solid-waste-landfill-site-a-case-study
#12
S R Samadder, R Prabhakar, D Khan, D Kishan, M S Chauhan
Release and transport of leachate from municipal solid waste landfills pose a potential hazard to both surrounding ecosystems and human populations. In the present study, soil, groundwater, and surface water samples were collected from the periphery of a municipal solid waste landfill (located at Ranital of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India) for laboratory analysis to understand the release of contaminants. The landfill does not receive any solid wastes for dumping now as the same is under a landfill closure plan...
December 10, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942345/the-buffering-analysis-to-identify-common-geographical-factors-within-the-vicinity-of-severe-injury-related-to-motor-vehicle-crash-in-malaysia
#13
Nik Hisamuddin Rahman, Ruslan Rainis, Syed Hatim Noor, Sharifah Mastura Syed Mohamad
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to identify common geographical buildup within the 100-meter buffer of severely injured based on injury severity score (ISS) among the motor vehicle crash (MVC) victims in Malaysia. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study from July 2011 until June 2013 and involved all MVC patients attending emergency departments (ED) of two tertiary centers in a district in Malaysia. A set of digital maps was obtained from the Town Planning Unit of the district Municipal Office (local district map)...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939263/objective-reports-versus-subjective-perceptions-of-crime-and-their-relationships-to-accelerometer-measured-physical-activity-in-hispanic-caretaker-child-dyads
#14
Margaret van Bakergem, Evan C Sommer, William J Heerman, James Aaron Hipp, Shari L Barkin
Crime and safety are commonly cited barriers to physical activity (PA). We had three objectives, 1) describe the association between objective crime measures and perceptions of crime, 2) analyze the relationships between each type of crime and accelerometer-measured physical activity in caretakers and young children (ages 3-5years), and 3) explore for early gender differences in the relationship between crime and physical activity in young children. Data are from the cross-sectional baseline data of an ongoing randomized controlled trial in Nashville, Tennessee spanning September 2012 through May 2014...
February 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924293/use-of-amsr-e-microwave-satellite-data-for-land-surface-characteristics-and-snow-cover-variation
#15
Mukesh Singh Boori, Ralph R Ferraro, Komal Choudhary, Alexander Kupriyanov
This data article contains data related to the research article entitled "Global land cover classification based on microwave polarization and gradient ratio (MPGR)" [1] and "Microwave polarization and gradient ratio (MPGR) for global land surface phenology" [2]. This data article presents land surface characteristics and snow cover variation information from sensors like EOS Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E). This data article use the HDF Explorer, Matlab, and ArcGIS software to process the pixel latitude, longitude, snow water equivalent (SWE), digital elevation model (DEM) and Brightness Temperature (BT) information from AMSR-E satellite data to provide land surface characteristics and snow cover variation data in all-weather condition at any time...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891781/geographic-distribution-of-live-births-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-north-carolina-2003-to-2012
#16
Jennifer S Nelson, Rebecca C Stebbins, Paula D Strassle, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Geographic variation in congenital heart disease is not well-described. This study uses geographic information systems (GIS) to describe the spatial epidemiology of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), in North Carolina (NC) and to compare travel time for cases to congenital heart centers in NC. METHODS: Using the NC Birth Defects Monitoring Program database, live births with TOF born between 2003 and 2012 were identified. Birth certificates provided demographic variables...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859257/does-spatial-access-to-primary-care-affect-emergency-department-utilization-for-nonemergent-conditions
#17
Jamie Fishman, Sara McLafferty, William Galanter
OBJECTIVE: To examine the contributions of individual- and neighborhood-level spatial access to care to the utilization of emergency departments (EDs) for preventable conditions through implementation of novel local spatial access measures. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Emergency department admissions data are from four HealthLNK member hospitals in Chicago from 2007 to 2011. Primary care physician office and clinic locations were obtained from the American Medical Association and the City of Chicago...
November 17, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843509/association-between-health-symptoms-and-particulate-matter-from-traffic-and-residential-heating-results-from-rhine-iii-in-tartu
#18
Mihkel Pindus, Hans Orru, Marek Maasikmets, Marko Kaasik, Rain Jõgi
BACKGROUND: Traffic and residential heating are the main sources of particulate matter (PM) in Northern Europe. Wood is widely used for residential heating and vehicle numbers are increasing. Besides traffic exhaust, studded tires produce road dust that is the main source of traffic-related PM10. Several studies have associated total PM mass with health symptoms; however there has been little research on the effects of PM from specific sources. OBJECTIVE: To study the health effects resulting from traffic and local heating PM...
2016: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835073/geospatial-information-system-analysis-of-healthcare-need-and-telemedicine-delivery-in-california
#19
Taylor Kaufman, Estella M Geraghty, Navjit Dullet, Jesse King, Jamie Kissee, James P Marcin
BACKGROUND: Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) superimpose data on geographical maps to provide visual representations of data by region. Few studies have used GIS data to investigate if telemedicine services are preferentially provided to communities of greatest need. INTRODUCTION: This study compared the healthcare needs of communities with and without telemedicine services from a university-based telemedicine program. METHODS: Originating sites for all telemedicine consultations between July 1996 and December 2013 were geocoded using ArcGIS software...
November 11, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826821/flash-flood-susceptibility-analysis-and-its-mapping-using-different-bivariate-models-in-iran-a-comparison-between-shannon-s-entropy-statistical-index-and-weighting-factor-models
#20
Khabat Khosravi, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Kamran Chapi, Masoumeh Bahri
Flooding is a very common worldwide natural hazard causing large-scale casualties every year; Iran is not immune to this thread as well. Comprehensive flood susceptibility mapping is very important to reduce losses of lives and properties. Thus, the aim of this study is to map susceptibility to flooding by different bivariate statistical methods including Shannon's entropy (SE), statistical index (SI), and weighting factor (Wf). In this regard, model performance evaluation is also carried out in Haraz Watershed, Mazandaran Province, Iran...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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