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Composite depth of curing

Eric Habib, Ruili Wang, X X Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to formulate resin-based composites using spherical silica particulate fillers with graded size (75, 150, 350, 500, and 1000nm), and to evaluate the influence of their size and loading on the mechanical and light transmission properties of the resulting material. METHODS: A series of five spherical silica fillers were synthesized, and then formulated with BisGMA/TEGDMA or UDMA/TEGDMA resins. These were then tested for maximum filler loading, flexural strength and modulus, as well as transparency and depth of cure...
January 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Annelies Van Ende, Diogo Pedrollo Lise, Jan De Munck, Johan Vanhulst, Martine Wevers, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate the effect of cavity depth and composite type on the interfacial debonding in bulk-filled cavities. (2) To correlate the theoretical shrinkage stress and the level of interfacial debonding determined by acoustic emission (AE). METHODS: 80 sound molars were divided in two groups to receive a Class-I cavity (3.5×3.5mm) with 2.5- or 4.0-mm depth. The cavities were restored with either a conventional paste-like (Filtek Z100, 3M ESPE), a conventional flowable (G-ænial Universal Flo, GC), a bulk-fill paste-like (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Ivoclar Vivadent) or a bulk-fill flowable (SDR, Dentsply) composite (n=10)...
January 11, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Robert L Erickson, Wayne W Barkmeier
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mold diameter on depth of cure of a resin-based composite material for varying amounts of irradiation. A resin-based composite was light-cured for 10-80 s in stainless-steel molds of either 6 mm or 4 mm in diameter and then dark-stored for 24 h. Specimens were then scraped back and the length of the cured specimens was measured to provide depth of cure (DSB ). Radiant exposure to each of the mold diameters was determined by measuring the power. The DSB values using the 4-mm molds were lower than those of the 6-mm molds...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Fahad Alkhudhairy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the wear resistance of four bulk-fill composite resin restorative materials cured using high- and low-intensity lights. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four samples were prepared from each composite resin material (Tetric N-Ceram, SonicFill, Smart Dentin Replacement, Filtek Bulk-Fill) resulting in a total of 96 samples; they were placed into a mold in a single increment. All of the 96 samples were cured using the Bluephase N light curing unit for 20 seconds...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
E K Arkfeld, K B Wilson, M F Overholt, B N Harsh, J E Lowell, E K Hogan, B J Klehm, B M Bohrer, D A Mohrhauser, D A King, T L Wheeler, A C Dilger, S D Shackelford, D D Boler
The objective was to characterize the relationship between fresh loin quality with fresh belly or fresh and cured ham quality. Pigs raised in 8 barns representing 2 seasons [cold ( = 4,290) and hot ( = 3,394)] and 2 production focuses [lean ( = 3,627) and quality ( = 4,057)] were used. Carcass characteristics and other meat quality data were collected on 7,684 carcasses. All of the carcasses were evaluated for HCW, LM depth, tenth rib fat depth, leg (ham primal) weight, instrumental color on the gluteus medius and gluteus profundus of the ham face, and subjective loin quality...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
P Yu, Auj Yap, X Y Wang
This study evaluated the degree of conversion (DC) and polymerization shrinkage (PS) of contemporary bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs) including giomer materials. Two giomer bulk-fill (Beautifil Bulk Restorative [BBR], Beautifil Bulk Flowable [BBF]), two nongiomer bulk-fill (Tetric N-Ceram Bulk-fill [TNB], Smart Dentin Replacement [SDR]), and three conventional non-bulk-fill (Beautifil II [BT], Beautifil Flow Plus [BF], Tetric N-Ceram [TN]) RBCs were selected for the study. To evaluate the DC, disc-shaped specimens of 5-mm diameter and 2-mm, 4-mm, and 6-mm thickness were fabricated using customized Teflon molds...
January 2017: Operative Dentistry
Hamad Algamaiah, Camila S Sampaio, Lindiane C Rigo, Malvin N Janal, Marcelo Giannini, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Andre F Reis, Ronaldo Hirata
PURPOSE: This study aimed to quantify polymerization shrinkage of one conventional and three bulk-fill composites, under bonded and unbonded conditions, in Class II preparations using 3D microcomputed tomography (μCT) and report its location. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preparations (2.5 mm occlusal depth × 4 mm wide × 4 mm mesial box and 1 mm beyond the CEJ distal box depth) were made in 48 human extracted molars (n = 6). Four composites were tested, one regular (Vitalescence/VIT) and three bulk-fill: SureFil SDR Flow (SDR), Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TET), and Filtek flowable Bulk Fill (FIL)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Gaute Floer Johnsen, Minh Khai Le Thieu, Badra Hussain, Elzbieta Pamuła, Janne Elin Reseland, Ståle Petter Lyngstadaas, Håvard Haugen
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at evaluating and comparing mechanical, chemical, and cytotoxicological parameters of a commercial brand name composite material against two 'own brand label' (OBL) composites. METHODS: Parameters included depth of cure, flexural strength, degree of conversion, polymerization shrinkage, filler particle morphology and elemental analyzes, Vickers hardness, surface roughness parameters after abrasion, monomer elution, and cytotoxicity. RESULTS: The conventional composite outperformed the OBLS in terms of depth of cure (p<0...
January 2017: Journal of Dentistry
C S Sampaio, K-J Chiu, E Farrokhmanesh, M Janal, R M Puppin-Rontani, M Giannini, E A Bonfante, P G Coelho, R Hirata
The present study aimed to characterize the pattern and volume of polymerization shrinkage of flowable resin composites, including one conventional, two bulk fill, and one self-adhesive. Standardized class I preparations (2.5 mm depth × 4 mm length × 4 mm wide) were performed in 24 caries-free human third molars that were randomly divided in four groups, according to the resin composite and adhesive system used: group 1 = Permaflo + Peak Universal Bond (PP); group 2 = Filtek Bulk Fill + Scotchbond Universal (FS); group 3 = Surefil SDR + XP Bond (SX); and group 4 = Vertise flow self-adhering (VE) (n=6)...
January 2017: Operative Dentistry
Antigoni Stylianou, John O Burgess, Perng-Ru Liu, Daniel A Givan, Nathaniel C Lawson
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The clinical challenge of adhering cement to intracanal dentin is transmitting light to the most apical parts of root canals to allow more efficient polymerization of the cement. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the cement-polymerizing ability, microstructure, and radiopacity of a new fiber optic post (iLumi fiber optic Post) with a clinically successful fiber post (DT Light Post). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Polymerizing ability was compared using a modified depth-of-polymerization protocol...
January 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Shao-Wei He, Teng-Yu Geng, Xiang-Feng Meng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the polymerization of dual-cured flowable composite core irradiated by super-high intensity light with short time. METHODS: The light-proof silicon rubber cuboid mold with one end open was syringed and filled by dual-cured flowable resin composite core, then the open end of mold was irradiated directly by a light unit at 1000 mW/cm(2) ×10, ×20 s; or at 3200 mW/cm(2) × 3, ×6 s. The specimens were stored in the light-proof box. After irradiation for 1 h and 24 h, Knoop microhardness was measured along the vertical surfaces of specimens from 1mm to 10 mm depth at 1 mm interval...
June 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Anna Saffarpour, Aida Saffarpour, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Niloofar Golmohamadi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in-vitro experimental study was to assess the effect of application of a desensitizing varnish on the enamel and dentin marginal seal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two freshly extracted, intact human premolar teeth were divided into four groups (n=18). Class V cavities (3mm in length, 2mm in width and 2mm in depth) were prepared on the buccal surface of each tooth. The following sealing materials were applied in the four groups: One-step Clearfil S3 Bond (S3) self-etch adhesive, two-step Clearfil SE Bond (SE) self-etch adhesive, S3 Bond+ VivaSens desensitizing varnish (VS+S3) and Clearfil SE Bond + VivaSens (VS+SE)...
November 2015: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Sufyan Garoushi, Eija Säilynoja, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo Lassila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Dayane Carvalho Ramos Salles de Oliveira, Mateus Garcia Rocha, Ivo Carlos Correa, Américo Bortolazzo Correr, Jack L Ferracane, Mario Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of combining camphorquinone (CQ) and diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide (TPO) on the color and curing profile of resin-based composites. METHODS: Experimental composites were produced with different CQ and TPO molar concentrations: CQ-only, 3CQ:1TPO, 1CQ:1TPO, 1CQ:3TPO, and TPO-only. Polywave LED was characterized using a beam profiler. Block-shaped samples (5mm×5mm×3mm depth) were cured in a custom-designed mold with a polywave LED positioned to compare the regions exposed to the 420-495nm and 380-420nm LED emittances...
October 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
(no author information available yet)
A depth of cure of 4 mm was not achieved in any of the bulk-fill resin composites.
July 8, 2016: British Dental Journal
Vesna Miletic, Pong Pongprueksa, Jan De Munck, Neil R Brooks, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine and correlate the degree of conversion (DC) with Vickers hardness (VH) and translucency parameter (TP) with the depth of cure (DoC) of five bulk-fill composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six specimens per group, consisting of Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill ("TEC Bulk," Ivoclar Vivadent), SonicFill (Kerr), SDR Smart Dentin Replacement ("SDR," Dentsply), Xenius base ("Xenius," StickTech; commercialized as EverX Posterior, GC), Filtek Bulk Fill flowable ("Filtek Bulk," 3M ESPE), and Tetric EvoCeram ("TEC," control), were prepared for DC and VH: two 2-mm-thick layers, each light-cured for 10 s; one 4-mm bulk-fill, light-cured for 10 or 20 s; and one 6-mm bulk-fill, cured for 20 s...
July 6, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
J E Harlow, F A Rueggeberg, D Labrie, B Sullivan, R B Price
OBJECTIVES: This study measured the transmission of light in the 'violet' (350≤λ≤425nm) and 'blue' (425<λ≤550nm) spectral ranges from a polywave(®) LED curing light through different thicknesses of four commercial, resin-based composites (RBCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Samples of conventional layered RBCs (Tetric EvoCeram A2, Filtek Supreme Ultra A2B), and bulk-curing resins (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill IVA, and SureFil SDR Flow U) were prepared. Three samples of each RBC were made at thicknesses of 0...
October 2016: Journal of Dentistry
J Suárez-Belloch, M A Sanz, J A Guada, M A Latorre
A total of 120 Duroc×(Large White×Landrace) pigs, 50% barrows and 50% gilts, with 54.1±0.14 kg BW and 103±3 days of age, were used to study the effect of advancing the shift to a standard finisher feed from 100 to 90 and 80 kg BW on production performances and carcass and pork quality. Each of the six treatments (two sexes×three BWs at time of feeding shift) was replicated four times and the experimental unit was the pen (with five pigs for growth performance and carcass variables and three pigs for pork and fat traits)...
January 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Adrian U Jin Yap, Mirali Pandya, Wei Seong Toh
This study evaluated the depth of cure (DOC) of packable and flowable bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs) including PRG (prereacted glass ionomer) and short-fiber materials. The materials were placed in a black split-mold with a 7 mm deep recess and cured at 700 mW/cm(2) for 20 s using a LED curing light. DOC was assessed using the ISO scraping and Knoops hardness tests. Data (n=5) were computed and analyzed using one-way ANOVA/Scheffe's post hoc test (p<0.05). ISO DOC ranged from 3.66 to 2.54 mm while DOC based on hardness testing ranged from 3 to 1...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
Akimasa Tsujimoto, Wayne W Barkmeier, Toshiki Takamizawa, Mark A Latta, Masashi Miyazaki
The mechanical properties, volumetric shrinkage and depth of cure of a short fiber-reinforced resin composite (SFRC) were investigated in this study and compared to both a bulk fill resin composite (BFRC) and conventional glass/ceramic-filled resin composite (CGRC). Fracture toughness, flexural properties, volumetric shrinkage and depth of cure of the SFRC, BFRC and CGRC were measured. SFRC had significantly higher fracture toughness than BFRCs and CGRCs. The flexural properties of SFRC were comparable with BFRCs and CGRCs...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
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