keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Y-STR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150717/genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-study-of-the-chinese-gelao-ethnic-minority-via-23-y-str-loci
#1
Pengyu Chen, Yanyan Han, Guanglin He, Haibo Luo, Tianzhen Gao, Feng Song, Dengfu Wan, Jian Yu, Yiping Hou
Haplotype diversity for 23 Y chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci included in the PowerPlex(®) Y23 System was analyzed in the Chinese Gelao minority group of 234 unrelated males living in Daozhen Gelao-Miao Autonomous County in Guizhou Province, southwest China. A total of 216 different haplotypes were detected, of which 199 haplotypes were unique. The overall haplotype diversity (HD) and discrimination capacity (DC) were 0.9996 and 0.9231, respectively. The gene diversity (GD) ranged from 0.4159 (DYS438) to 0...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150183/genetic-analysis-of-29-y-str-loci-in-the-chinese-han-population-from-shanghai
#2
Yuxiang Zhou, Chengchen Shao, Liming Li, Yaqi Zhang, Baonian Liu, Qinrui Yang, Qiqun Tang, Shilin Li, Jianhui Xie
The analysis of Y chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) provides important information that can be used to forensic investigation and population studies. In this study, typing of 29 Y-STRs included in the PowerPlex(®) Y23 system (PPY23) and Yfiler™ Plus system (Yfiler plus) was performed on 843 unrelated male samples from Han population in Shanghai. Besides null, duplicate, and intermediate alleles reported in previous studies, an allele of 10 at DYS643 with a 2-base deletion in the flanking region was initially observed...
November 11, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125104/polymorphisms-of-23-y-chromosome-str-loci-in-a-han-population-in-jiangsu-province
#3
Jun Ma, Ai-Hua Zhu, Jin-Wei Shi, Ming Jin, Hua-Jie Ba, Zhi-Guang Ping
Objective To investigate the polymorphisms of 23 Y-STR loci in a Han population in Jiangsu province. Methods Blood samples were collected from 4821 unrelated healthy Han males in Jiangsu province. DNA templates were amplified by PowerPlex Y23 kit,and the amplification products were detected by 3500xL genetic analyzer. Then,we calculated the allele frequencies and gene diversities respectively,as well as the haplotype frequencies and haplotype diversities. Results The gene diversity of these 23 Y-STR loci ranged 0...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111271/forensic-characteristics-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-two-han-populations-from-the-southern-coastal-regions-of-china-using-27-y-str-loci
#4
Mengge Wang, Zheng Wang, Yaqing Zhang, Guanglin He, Jing Liu, Yiping Hou
Currently, the largest national database within the Y-STR Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD, https://yhrd.org, release 55) is China, which has a very large Y-STR haplotype profiles. However, no haplotype data was available for Hainan province, the smallest and southernmost province of China. Herein, 280 unrelated male Chinese Han individuals residing in Hainan province were recruited and genotyped with 27 Y-STR loci. Moreover, 136 Han individuals from Shenzhen, the largest migrant city in China, also investigated...
October 27, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099847/a-glimpse-at-the-intricate-mosaic-of-ethnicities-from-mesopotamia-paternal-lineages-of-the-northern-iraqi-arabs-kurds-syriacs-turkmens-and-yazidis
#5
Serkan Dogan, Cemal Gurkan, Mustafa Dogan, Hasan Emin Balkaya, Ramazan Tunc, Damla Kanliada Demirdov, Nihad Ahmed Ameen, Damir Marjanovic
Widely considered as one of the cradles of human civilization, Mesopotamia is largely situated in the Republic of Iraq, which is also the birthplace of the Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations. These lands were subsequently ruled by the Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Mongolians, Ottomans and finally British prior to the independence. As a direct consequence of this rich history, the contemporary Iraqi population comprises a true mosaic of different ethnicities, which includes Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, and Yazidis among others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054426/origin-of-the-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-mutation-in-mexican-population-and-influence-of-amerindian-ancestry-on-ctg-repeat-allelic-distribution
#6
N M Murillo-Melo, L C Márquez-Quiróz, R Gómez, L Orozco, E Mendoza-Caamal, Y S Tapia-Guerrero, R Camacho-Mejorado, H Cortés, A López-Reyes, C Santana, G Noris, O Hernández-Hernández, B Cisneros, J J Magaña
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is caused by expansion of a CTG trinucleotide repeat situated in the DMPK gene. Worldwide genetic studies suggest a single or limited number of mutational events cause the disease. However, distribution of CTG alleles and disease incidence varies among ethnicities. Due to the great ethnic diversity of the Mexican population, the present study was aimed at analyzing the impact of different lineages in shaping the CTG-repeat allelic distribution in the contemporary Mexican-Mestizo population as well as to shed light on the DM1 ancestral origin...
September 21, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052042/paternal-lineage-affinity-of-the-malay-subethnic-and-orang-asli-populations-in-peninsular-malaysia
#7
SyedHassan SharifahNany RahayuKarmilla, Alwi R Aedrianee, Sundararajulu Panneerchelvam, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Abdullah Nur Azeelah, Zainuddin Zafarina
Peninsular Malaysia is populated by the Malays, Chinese, Indians, and Orang Asli. We have analyzed 17 Y-STRs loci for 243 randomly unrelated individuals, which include 153 Malays (7 Acheh, 13 Champa, 11 Rawa, 9 Kedah, 23 Minang, 15 Bugis, 43 Kelantan, 14 Jawa, and 18 Bugis) and 90 Orang Asli [54 Semang (16 Kensiu, 13 Lanoh, 25 Bateq); 30 Senoi (21 Semai, 9 Che Wong); and 6 Proto-Malay (6 Orang Kanaq)] from selected settlements in Peninsular Malaysia using the AmpFlSTR Yfiler™ kit (Applied Biosystems™). The overall haplotype diversity is 0...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046953/snp-typing-using-the-hid-ion-ampliseq%C3%A2-identity-panel-in-a-southern-chinese-population
#8
Ran Li, Chuchu Zhang, Haiyan Li, Riga Wu, Haixia Li, Zhenya Tang, Chenhao Zhen, Jianye Ge, Dan Peng, Ying Wang, Hongying Chen, Hongyu Sun
In the present study, 90 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 34 Y chromosomal SNPs were sequenced simultaneously using HID-Ion AmpliSeq™ Identity Panel on the Ion PGM™ platform for 125 samples in a southern Chinese population. Raw data were analyzed and forensic parameters were calculated. Haplogrouping concordance was also assessed using alternative methods based on Y-SNP haplotypes and Y-STR haplotypes. The results showed that allelic imbalance occurred more frequently with low coverage while several SNPs with high coverage were also observed with poor allelic balance, including rs214955, rs430046, rs7520386, rs876724, rs9171188, rs16981290, and rs2032631...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979290/y-str-haplogroup-diversity-in-the-jat-population-reveals-several-different-ancient-origins
#9
David G Mahal, Ianis G Matsoukas
The Jats represent a large ethnic community that has inhabited the northwest region of India and Pakistan for several thousand years. It is estimated the community has a population of over 123 million people. Many historians and academics have asserted that the Jats are descendants of Aryans, Scythians, or other ancient people that arrived and lived in northern India at one time. Essentially, the specific origin of these people has remained a matter of contention for a long time. This study demonstrated that the origins of Jats can be clarified by identifying their Y-chromosome haplogroups and tracing their genetic markers on the Y-DNA haplogroup tree...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948851/y-chromosome-haplotypes-reveal-relationships-between-populations-of-the-arabian-peninsula-north-africa-and-south-asia
#10
Rebecca J Jones, Guan K Tay, Aurélie Mawart, Habiba Alsafar
BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is positioned at the crossroads of human migration out of Africa and through to Asia and Europe. AIM: To compare the degree of genetic diversity of the Arabian UAE population with populations in other countries from the Middle East, South Asia and North Africa. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven Y-STR were analysed in 217 individuals. Y-STR haplotypes from this study were compared to population data stored in YHRD, using MDS and AMOVA...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929497/genetic-diversity-and-paternal-origin-of-domestic-donkeys
#11
H Han, N Chen, J Jordana, C Li, T Sun, X Xia, X Zhao, C Ji, S Shen, J Yu, F Ainhoa, H Chen, C Lei, R Dang
Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate genetic diversity, origins and domestication of donkey using autosomal microsatellites and the mitochondrial genome, whereas the male-specific region of the Y chromosome of modern donkeys is largely uncharacterized. In the current study, 14 published equine Y chromosome-specific microsatellites (Y-STR) were investigated in 395 male donkey samples from China, Egypt, Spain and Peru using fluorescent labeled microsatellite markers. The results showed that seven Y-STRs-EcaYP9, EcaYM2, EcaYE2, EcaYE3, EcaYNO1, EcaYNO2 and EcaYNO4-were male specific and polymorphic, showing two to eight alleles in the donkeys studied...
September 19, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903432/genetic-variation-and-forensic-characteristic-analysis-of-25-strs-of-a-novel-fluorescence-co-amplification-system-in-chinese-southern-shaanxi-han-population
#12
Yao-Shun Liu, Jian-Gang Chen, Ting Mei, Yu-Xin Guo, Hao-Tian Meng, Jian-Fei Li, Yuan-Yuan Wei, Xiao-Ye Jin, Bo-Feng Zhu, Li-Ping Zhang
We analyzed the genetic polymorphisms of 15 autosomal and 10 Y-chromosomal STR loci in 214 individuals of Han population from Southern Shaanxi of China and studied the genetic relationships between Southern Shaanxi Han and other populations. We observed a total of 150 alleles at 15 autosomal STR loci with the corresponding allelic frequencies ranging from 0.0023 to 0.5210, and the combined power of discrimination and exclusion for the 15 autosomal STR loci were 0.99999999999999998866 and 0.999998491, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900279/next-generation-sequencing-plus-ngs-with-y-chromosomal-markers-for-forensic-pedigree-searches
#13
Xiaoqin Qian, Jiayi Hou, Zheng Wang, Yi Ye, Min Lang, Tianzhen Gao, Jing Liu, Yiping Hou
There is high demand for forensic pedigree searches with Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) profiling in large-scale crime investigations. However, when two Y-STR haplotypes have a few mismatched loci, it is difficult to determine if they are from the same male lineage because of the high mutation rate of Y-STRs. Here we design a new strategy to handle cases in which none of pedigree samples shares identical Y-STR haplotype. We combine next generation sequencing (NGS), capillary electrophoresis and pyrosequencing under the term 'NGS+' for typing Y-STRs and Y-chromosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs)...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806630/case-report-coincidental-inclusion-in-a-17-locus-y-str-mixture-wrongful-conviction-and-exoneration
#14
Greg Hampikian, Gianluca Peri, Shih-Shiang Lo, Mong-Hwa Chin, Kuo-Lan Liu
We report the case of a suspect (Suspect-3) who was convicted (and later exonerated) of participating in the multiple-attacker rape of two women. The forensic evidence against him was his inclusion in a 17-marker Y-STR mixture isolated from semen on one victim's clothing. The DNA inclusion produced a match statistic with a combined probability of inclusion of 1 in 741, and a Likelihood Ratio of 3296. While the defense team was told that Suspect-3 was included in the semen DNA mixture, they were not told that all of the Y-STR alleles could also be explained by just the other two accused attackers' haplotypes...
August 7, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797659/a-preliminary-evaluation-study-of-new-generation-multiplex-str-kits-comprising-of-the-codis-core-loci-and-the-european-standard-set-loci
#15
Jolena Ying Ying Tan, Yuen Peng Tan, Shilen Ng, Annabel Suan Tay, Yong Han Phua, Wei Jie Tan, Terenze Yao Rui Ong, Li Min Chua, Christopher Kiu Choong Syn
The GlobalFiler™ (Life Technologies), Investigator(®) 24plex QS (Qiagen), and PowerPlex(®) Fusion 6C (Promega) kits are the latest generation 6-dye fluorescent chemistry STR-PCR amplification kits. These kits allow for the simultaneous amplification of the CODIS core loci and the European Standard Set loci, as well as a few Y-STR loci in addition to the standard sex-determining marker Amelogenin. The present study was designed to be a preliminary evaluation of the three STR-PCR kits in terms of sensitivity, profile recovery from degraded DNA samples, tolerance to PCR inhibitors, and detection of minor components in DNA mixtures...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746047/genetic-variation-and-forensic-characteristic-analysis-of-25-strs-of-a-novel-fluorescence-co-amplification-system-in-chinese-southern-shaanxi-han-population
#16
Yao-Shun Liu, Jian-Gang Chen, Ting Mei, Yu-Xin Guo, Hao-Tian Meng, Jian-Fei Li, Yuan-Yuan Wei, Xiao-Ye Jin, Bo-Feng Zhu, Li-Ping Zhang
We analyzed the genetic polymorphisms of 15 autosomal and 10 Y-chromosomal STR loci in 214 individuals of Han population from Southern Shaanxi of China and studied the genetic relationships between Southern Shaanxi Han and other populations. We observed a total of 150 alleles at 15 autosomal STR loci with the corresponding allelic frequencies ranging from 0.0023 to 0.5210, and the combined power of discrimination and exclusion for the 15 autosomal STR loci were 0.99999999999999998866 and 0.999998491, respectively...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704439/inner-and-inter-population-structure-construction-of-chinese-jiangsu-han-population-based-on-y23-str-system
#17
Huipin Wang, Huajie Ba, Chun Yang, Jianqiu Zhang, Yunchun Tai
In this study, we analyzed the genetic polymorphisms of 23 Y-STR loci from PowerPlex® Y23 system in 916 unrelated healthy male individuals from Chinese Jiangsu Han, and observed 912 different haplotypes including 908 unique haplotypes and 4 duplicate haplotypes. The haplotype diversity reached 0.99999 and the discrimination capacity and match probability were 0.9956 and 0.0011, respectively. The gene diversity values ranged from 0.3942 at DYS438 to 0.9607 at DYS385a/b. Population differentiation within 10 Jiangsu Han subpopulations were evaluated by RST values and visualized in Neighbor-Joining trees and Multi-Dimensional Scaling plots as well as population relationships between the Jiangsu Han population and other 18 Eastern Asian populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623801/dna-analysis-of-root-canal-filled-teeth
#18
Hikaru Izawa, Hirofumi Tsutsumi, Sayaka Maruyama, Toshinobu Komuro
Teeth are markedly useful as samples for DNA analysis; however, intact teeth are not always available. This study examined the possibility of identifying autosomal and Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) types in samples from 34 teeth (15 intact and 19 root canal filled) that had been preserved for 10-33years after dental extraction. The aim was to explore the feasibility of individual identification by DNA analysis of samples obtained from highly decomposed and skeletonized corpses. Only one out of 24 autosomal STR loci was not identified in two of the 15 intact teeth, whereas all 23 loci of the Y chromosome STR were detected...
July 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622394/y-chromosomal-analysis-of-greek-cypriots-reveals-a-primarily-common-pre-ottoman-paternal-ancestry-with-turkish-cypriots
#19
Alexandros Heraclides, Evy Bashiardes, Eva Fernández-Domínguez, Stefania Bertoncini, Marios Chimonas, Vasilis Christofi, Jonathan King, Bruce Budowle, Panayiotis Manoli, Marios A Cariolou
Genetics can provide invaluable information on the ancestry of the current inhabitants of Cyprus. A Y-chromosome analysis was performed to (i) determine paternal ancestry among the Greek Cypriot (GCy) community in the context of the Central and Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East; and (ii) identify genetic similarities and differences between Greek Cypriots (GCy) and Turkish Cypriots (TCy). Our haplotype-based analysis has revealed that GCy and TCy patrilineages derive primarily from a single gene pool and show very close genetic affinity (low genetic differentiation) to Calabrian Italian and Lebanese patrilineages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566770/phylogeny-of-y-chromosome-haplogroup-c3b-f1756-an-important-paternal-lineage-in-altaic-speaking-populations
#20
Lan-Hai Wei, Yun-Zhi Huang, Shi Yan, Shao-Qing Wen, Ling-Xiang Wang, Pan-Xin Du, Da-Li Yao, Shi-Lin Li, Ya-Jun Yang, Li Jin, Hui Li
In previous studies, a specific paternal lineage with a null value for the Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) marker DYS448 was identified as common among Mongolic- and Turkic-speaking populations. This paternal lineage (temporarily named C3*-DYS448del) was determined to be M217+, M93-, P39-, M48-, M407-, and P53.1-, and its origin and phylogeny remain ambiguous. Here, we analyzed Y-chromosome sequences of 10 male that are related this paternal lineage and redefined it as C3b1a1a1a-F1756 (C3b-F1756). We generated a highly revised phylogenetic tree of haplogroup C3b-F1756, including 21 sub-clades and 360 non-private Y-chromosome polymorphisms...
October 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
keyword
keyword
52954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"