keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cancer treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109192/prevalence-of-oral-manifestations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-submitted-to-chemotherapy
#1
Deise Berger Velten, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto
BACKGROUND: Oral complications may be observed during chemotherapy and are important side effects that may directly affect the anticancer treatment, even causing septicaemia in some cases. This research was done in order to evaluate changes in oral lesions during follow-up of children and adolescents in chemotherapy at Hospital Estadual Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória (HEINSG). METHODS: The study design was longitudinal, 45 patients were evaluated and monitored for 1 month after the initiation of chemotherapy...
January 20, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109165/melatonin-and-sirtuins-a-not-so-unexpected-relationship
#2
Juan C Mayo, Rosa M Sainz, Pedro González Menéndez, Vanesa Cepas, Dun-Xian Tan, Russel J Reiter
Epigenetic modifications, including methylation or acetylation as well as posttranscriptional modifications are mechanisms used by eukaryotic cells to increase the genome diversity in terms of differential gene expression and protein diversity. Among these modifying enzymes, sirtuins, a class III histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes are of particular importance. Sirtuins regulate the cell cycle, DNA repair, cell survival and apoptosis, thus having important roles in normal and cancer cells. Sirtuins can also regulate metabolic pathways by changing preference for glycolysis under aerobic conditions as well as glutaminolysis...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109160/antibiotics-for-infection-prevention-after-excision-of-the-cervical-transformation-zone
#3
REVIEW
Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Bandit Chumworathayi, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Butsakorn Ussahgij, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: Excision of the transformation zone of the cervix is the most commonly used approach to treat cervical precancerous lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)) to reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer. As the excision of the transformation zone leaves a raw area on the cervix, there is a risk of infection following the procedure. The incidence of infection after cold knife conization (CKC) is 36%, whereas the incidence for large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ, also known as loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)) is much lower (0...
January 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109136/therapeutic-potential-of-targeting-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer-rational-and-progress
#4
Afsane Bahrami, Forouzan Amerizadeh, Soodabeh ShahidSales, Majid Khazaei, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Mina Maftouh, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Amir Avan
Wnt/β-catenin pathway is one of the main/frequent dysregulated pathways in several tumor types, including colon cancer. Aberrant activation of this pathway is associated with cell proliferation, invasive behaviors and cell resistance, suggesting its potential value as a therapeutic target in treatment of CRC. Several agents have been developed for targeting of this pathway (e.g, natural agents: curcumin, 3,3-diindolylmethane, phytoestrogen; Synthetic/small Wnt inhibitors: Rofecoxib; PRI-724, CWP232291; and monoclonal antibody against frizzled receptors, Vanituctumab...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109113/-effect-of-sodium-phenylbutyrate-on-the-sensitivity-of-pc3-dtx-resistant-prostate-cancer-cells-to-docetaxel
#5
Ya-Wen Xu, Shao-Bo Zheng, Bin-Sheng Chen, Yong Wen, Shan-Wen Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of sodium phenylbutyrate (SPB) in modulating docetaxel resistance in human prostate cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: A PC3/docetaxel-resistant human prostate cancer cell line PC3/DTX was induced and examined for proliferation, viability, and cell inhibition rate in the presence of SPB. The concentration of concentration of docetaxel required to kill 50% of PC3/DTX cells incubated with 0, 1, 2, and 4 mmol/L SPB was determined using MTT assay...
2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109092/-early-outcomes-of-elective-surgery-for-colon-cancer-with-preoperative-mechanical-bowel-preparation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Yan-Jie Hu, Ka Li, Li Li, Xiao-Dong Wang, Jie Yang, Jin-Hua Feng, Wei Zhang, Yu-Wei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compared the early outcomes of patients undergoing elective surgeries for colon cancer with and without preoperative mechanical bowel preparation. METHODS: Between July, 2014 and February, 2016, patients undergoing elective surgery for colon cancer with primary anastomosis were randomly assigned into control group with mechanical bowel preparation 12 h before surgery and treatment group without mechanical bowel preparation. Baseline data collection was completed within 12 h after the operation...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109089/betulinic-acid-inhibits-cell-proliferation-in-human-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-modulating-ros-regulated-p53-signaling
#7
Huan Shen, Li Liu, Yongjin Yang, Wenxing Xun, Kewen Wei, Guang Zeng
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common cancer of the head and neck. Betulinic acid (BA) is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid. The present study was designed to explore the effects of BA on OSCC KB cell proliferation <em>in vitro</em> and implanted tumor growth <em>in vivo</em> and to examine the possible molecular mechanisms. The results showed that BA dose-dependently inhibited KB cell proliferation and decreased implanted tumor volume. In addition, BA significantly promoted mitochondrial apoptosis, as reflected by increase of TUNEL-positive cells and activities of caspase 3 and 9, increase of Bax expression and decrease of Bcl-2 expression and mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109087/cd103-cell-growth-factor-flt3l-enhances-the-efficacy-of-immune-checkpoint-blockades-in-murine-glioblastoma-model
#8
Xiaolin Miao, Yiqi Chen, Ke Hao, Meiqin Zheng, Bingyu Chen, Kaiqiang Li, Ying Wang, Wei Zhang, Yu Zhang, Xiaozhou Mou, Shanshan Jiang, Zhen Wang
Glioblastoma is a lethal disease featured with a high proliferation of tumor cells, excessive angiogenesis, and heavydrug resistance. The overall survival of glioblastoma patients was dismal even with intensive standard care. Recent advantages in immune checkpoint blockades are changing the treatment of cancers. However, the efficacy of immune checkpoint blockades in glioblastoma were unclear. Here, we investigated the roles of CD103<sup>+</sup> cells in regulating the effects of immune checkpoint blockades in glioblastoma mouse models...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109079/silencing-of-ribosomal-protein-l34-rpl34-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-invasion-of-esophageal-cancer-cells
#9
Huijie Fan, Jing Li, Yongxu Jia, Jingjing Wu, Long Yuan, Mingjun Li, Jiangqi Wei, Benling Xu
Ribosomal protein L34 (RPL34) belongs to the L34E family of ribosomal proteins and contains a zinc finger motif. Aberrant expression of RPL34 has been reported in several human malignancies. However, the precise role and potential underlying mechanisms of RPL34 in human esophageal cancer remain largely unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the role of RPL34 in esophageal cancer progression. Our results showed that the expression of RPL34 at both mRNA and protein levels was frequently up-regulated in esophageal cancer cell lines...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109077/simultaneous-but-not-consecutive-combination-with-folinate-salts-potentiates-5-fluorouracil-antitumor-activity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#10
Antonello Di, Paola Orlandi, Teresa Di, Romano Danesi, Guido Bocci
The combination of folinate salts to 5-fluoruracil (5-FU)-based schedules is an established clinical routine in the landscape of the colorectal cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacological differences between the sequential administration of folinate salts (1 h before, as in clinical routine) followed by 5-FU and the simultaneous administration of both drugs. Proliferation and apoptotic assays were performed on human colon cancer cells exposed to 5-FU, calcium (CaLV) or disodium (NaLV) levofolinate or their simultaneous and sequential combination for 24 and 72h...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109073/cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-3-promotes-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-tumorigenesis-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-by-targeting-p27
#11
Huimin Wang, Hexin Chen, Hang Zhou, Wenfa Yu, Zhenmin Lu
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common head and neck malignancy with high invasion which arises from the nasopharynx epithelium. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 3 (CDKN3) belongs to the dual-specificity protein phosphatase family which plays a key role in regulating cell division. Abnormal expression of CDKN3 has been found in numerous types of cancer. In the current study, we explored the possible role of CDKN3 in cell proliferation, invasion ability and radiosensitivity in NPC cells. We reported that CDKN3 was upregulated and P27 was downregulated in NPC tissues and associated with worse patient prognosis...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109014/urothelial-generation-and-regeneration-in-development-injury-and-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Caihong Wang, Whitney Trotter Ross, Indira U Mysorekar
Homeostatic maintenance and repair of the urothelium upon injury are required for a functional bladder in both healthy and disease conditions. Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the urothelial regenerative response is key to designing strategies for tissue repair and ultimately treatments for urologic diseases including urinary tract infections, voiding dysfunction, painful bladder syndrome and bladder cancer. In this article, we review studies on urothelial ontogeny during development and regeneration following various injury modalities...
January 20, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109009/using-flow-characteristics-in-three-dimensional-power-doppler-ultrasound-imaging-to-predict-complete-responses-in-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#13
Wei-Chung Shia, Yu-Len Huang, Hwa-Koon Wu, Dar-Ren Chen
OBJECTIVES: Strategies are needed for the identification of a poor response to treatment and determination of appropriate chemotherapy strategies for patients in the early stages of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. We hypothesize that power Doppler ultrasound imaging can provide useful information on predicting response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: The solid directional flow of vessels in breast tumors was used as a marker of pathologic complete responses (pCR) in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108950/t-cell-receptor-engineered-t-cells-for-cancer-treatment-current-status-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Yu Ping, Chaojun Liu, Yi Zhang
T-cell receptor (TCR)-engineered T cells are a novel option for adoptive cell therapy used for the treatment of several advanced forms of cancer. Work using TCR-engineered T cells began more than two decades ago, with numerous preclinical studies showing that such cells could mediate tumor lysis and eradication. The success of these trials provided the foundation for clinical trials, including recent clinical successes using TCR-engineered T cells to target New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (NY-ESO-1)...
January 20, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108946/in-vivo-neuroimaging-and-behavioral-correlates-in-a-rat-model-of-chemotherapy-induced-cognitive-dysfunction
#15
Robert L Barry, Nellie E Byun, M Noor Tantawy, Chase A Mackey, George H Wilson, Adam J Stark, Michael P Flom, Laura C Gee, C Chad Quarles
Adjuvant chemotherapy has been used for decades to treat cancer, and it is well known that disruptions in cognitive function and memory are common chemotherapeutic adverse effects. However, studies using neuropsychological metrics have also reported group differences in cognitive function and memory before or without chemotherapy, suggesting that complex factors obscure the true etiology of chemotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction (CICD) in humans. Therefore, to better understand possible mechanisms of CICD, we explored the effects of CICD in rats through cognition testing using novel object recognition (NOR) and contextual fear conditioning (CFC), and through metabolic neuroimaging via [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)...
January 20, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108861/in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-investigating-the-development-of-experimental-brain-metastases-due-to-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#16
Amanda M Hamilton, Paula J Foster
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), when associated with poor outcome, is aggressive in nature with a high incidence of brain metastasis and the shortest median overall patient survival after brain metastasis development compared to all other breast cancer subtypes. As therapies that control primary cancer and extracranial metastatic sites improve, the incidence of brain metastases is increasing and the management of patients with breast cancer brain metastases continues to be a significant clinical challenge...
January 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108820/prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-the-role-of-neurokinin-1-nk1-receptor-antagonists
#17
Snežana M Bošnjak, Richard J Gralla, Lee Schwartzberg
Chemotherapy-induced nausea (CIN) has a significant negative impact on the quality of life of cancer patients. The use of 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists (RAs) has reduced the risk of vomiting, but (except for palonosetron) their effect on nausea, especially delayed nausea, is limited. This article reviews the role of NK1RAs when combined with 5-HT3RA-dexamethasone in CIN prophylaxis. Aprepitant has not shown consistent superiority over a two-drug (ondansetron-dexamethasone) combination in nausea control after cisplatin- or anthracycline-cyclophosphamide (AC)-based highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC)...
January 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108819/preemptive-treatment-with-xonrid%C3%A2-a-medical-device-to-reduce-radiation-induced-dermatitis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-receiving-curative-treatment-a-pilot-study
#18
Nicola Alessandro Iacovelli, Simona Naimo, Francesca Bonfantini, Anna Cavallo, Paolo Bossi, Carlo Fallai, Emanuele Pignoli, Salvatore Alfieri, Cristiana Bergamini, Federica Favales, Ester Orlandi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate efficacy, safety and tolerability of Xonrid®, a new medical device, in preventing radiation dermatitis associated with head and neck cancer (HNC) radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: In this monocentric, prospective pilot study, adult consecutive HNC patients who were planned to receive curative RT with or without chemotherapy were enrolled. Patients were instructed to apply Xonrid® on the irradiated area during treatment continuing until 2 weeks after the completion of RT or the development of severe skin toxicity...
January 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108815/preoperative-nlr-for-predicting-survival-rate-after-radical-resection-combined-with-adjuvant-immunotherapy-with-cik-and-postoperative-chemotherapy-in-gastric-cancer
#19
Yingchun Li, Chenyu Wang, Mengdan Xu, Cuicui Kong, Aibing Qu, Meng Zhang, Zhichao Zheng, Guirong Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of adjuvant immunotherapy with autologous cytokine-induced killer (CIK) for postoperative patients with gastric cancer and to investigate the impacts of the predictors on the efficacy of CIK immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-two gastric cancer patients who have accepted radical resection were enrolled. The CIK and control groups were established by 1:1 matching on their baseline. As prognosis indicators, preoperative blood cell counts, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were analyzed, respectively...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108798/augmented-perineal-urethrostomy-using-a-dorsal-buccal-mucosal-graft-bi-institutional-study
#20
Jessica DeLong, Kurt McCammon, Leandro Capiel, Augustín Rovegno, Jeremy B Tonkin, Gerald Jordan, Ramón Virasoro
PURPOSE: To present our technique and outcomes for perineal urethrostomy augmented with a dorsal onlay buccal mucosa graft (BMG). Results from initial series and collaboration from an international center are included. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all adult patients who underwent urethral reconstruction with perineal urethrostomy utilizing a buccal mucosal graft between January 1, 2002 and January 1, 2013 was performed. All surgeries were performed by three surgeons using the same technique (GHJ, KAM, and RV)...
January 20, 2017: World Journal of Urology
keyword
keyword
52952
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"