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Trauma orthopaedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464138/the-use-of-twitter-by-the-trauma-and-orthopaedic-surgery-journals-twitter-activity-impact-factor-and-alternative-metrics
#1
Hannah Hughes, Andrew Hughes, Colin Murphy
Aim Social media (SoMe) platforms have become leading methods of communication and dissemination of scientific information in the medical community. They allow for immediate discussion and widespread engagement around important topics. It has been hypothesized that the activity on Twitter positively correlates with highly cited articles. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence and activity of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery journals on Twitter, with the hypothesis that the impact factor is positively associated with the Twitter usage...
December 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462673/heterotopic-ossification-and-lessons-learned-from-fifteen-years-at-war-a-review-of-therapy-novel-research-and-future-directions-for-military-and-civilian-orthopaedic-trauma
#2
REVIEW
Benjamin W Hoyt, Gabriel J Pavey, Benjamin K Potter, Jonathan A Forsberg
Heterotopic ossification, the formation of bone in soft tissues, is a common complication of the high-energy extremity trauma sustained in modern armed conflict. In the past 15 years, military treatment facilities and aligned laboratories have been in a unique position to study and treat this process due to the high volume of patients with these injuries secondary to blast trauma. The devastating nature of these wounds has limited traditional therapeutic options, necessitating alternative solutions to prophylaxis and initial treatment producing substantial advances in modeling, prophylaxis, detection, and therapy...
February 17, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462121/patient-mortality-in-geriatric-distal-femur-fractures
#3
Philip Myers, Patrick Laboe, Kory J Johnson, Peter D Fredericks, Renn J Crichlow, Dean C Maar, Timothy G Weber
OBJECTIVES: To estimate 1-year mortality rates in elderly patients who undergo operative treatment for distal femur fractures and identify potential risk factors for mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighty-three elderly patients (average age 76.0 years ± 9.8) who sustained distal femur fractures between 2002 and 2012. INTERVENTION: Fracture fixation of the distal femur...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461404/use-of-patient-related-outcomes-after-orthopaedic-trauma-helpful-or-not-so-much
#4
William T Obremskey, Thomas F Higgins, Janet Pryu Bettger, Mark S Vrahas, Douglas W Lundy
Over 100 years ago, the orthopaedic surgeon, Ernest Codman, recommended that surgeons and hospitals be paid by the "end result." Healthcare Reform is moving to value over volume, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are 1 measure of quality and outcomes that are becoming pervasive. In this study, the current status of patient-reported outcomes and their use in orthopaedic trauma was reviewed. The contributors presented the state of PRO measurements at the Basic Science Focus Forum at the OTA Annual Meeting in 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461402/management-of-mangled-extremities-and-orthopaedic-war-injuries
#5
Todd O McKinley, Jean-Claude DʼAlleyrand, Ian Valerio, Seth Schoebel, Kevin Tetsworth, Eric A Elster
In 16 years of conflict, primarily in Iraq and Afghanistan, wounded warriors have primarily been subjected to blast type of injuries. Evacuation strategies have led to unprecedented survival rates in blast-injured soldiers, resulting in large numbers of wounded warriors with complex limb trauma. Bone and soft tissue defects have resulted in increased use of complex reconstructive algorithms to restore limbs and function. In addition, in failed salvage attempts, advances in amputation options are being developed...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461394/diagnosis-and-management-of-polytraumatized-patients-with-severe-extremity-trauma
#6
Todd O McKinley, Greg E Gaski, Yoram Vodovotz, Benjamin T Corona, Timothy R Billiar
Multiply injured patients with severe extremity trauma are at risk of acute systemic complications and are at high risk of developing longer term orthopaedic complications including soft-tissue infection, osteomyelitis, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and nonunion. It is becoming increasingly recognized that injury magnitude and response to injury have major jurisdiction pertaining to patient outcomes and complications. The complexities of injury and injury response that affect outcomes present opportunities to apply precision approaches to understand and quantify injury magnitude and injury response on a patient-specific basis...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458362/correction-to-an-audit-of-clinical-training-exposure-amongst-junior-doctors-working-in-trauma-orthopaedic-surgery-in-101-hospitals-in-the-united-kingdom
#7
Mustafa S Rashid
Following publication of the original article [1], the corresponding author wrote to say that he had missed the names of some of the collaborators in the list he sent to the typesetters. In addition, there was a spelling error in one of the author's names: instead of Nagriz Seyidova it should read Nargiz Seyidova. The complete list of collaborators is as follows.
February 19, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457417/-clinical-observation-of-the-second-operation-for-refracture-after-internal-fixation-of-clavicle
#8
Hong-Wei Xu, Xiao-Jun He, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Gang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of Titanium Elastic intramedullary nailing(TEN) for the treatment of refracture of clavicle. METHODS: From March 2010 to March 2016, 9 cases of clavicle fracture, postoperative re-fracture (plate broken before fracture healing, plate and screw pull out or refracture after fracture union and internal fixation removal) included 6 males and 3 females with a mean age of 38.6 years old ranging from 20 to 62 years old; 3 cases were sports injury, 5 cases were traffic injury, 1 case was severe injury...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455911/trauma-theatre-productivity-does-the-individual-surgeon-anaesthetist-or-consultant-presence-matter
#9
Gareth S Turnbull, Mounir Hakimi, George J McLauchlan
INTRODUCTION: With rising NHS clinical and financial demands, improving theatre efficiency is essential to maintain quality of patient care. Consistent teams and consultant presence have been shown to improve outcomes and productivity in elective orthopaedic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact on trauma theatre productivity of different surgeons and anaesthetists working together in a Major Trauma Centre. The influence of consultant presence and weekend operating on productivity was also considered...
February 12, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449163/orthopaedic-surgery-residency-rotations-and-correlation-with-orthopaedic-in-training-examination-performance
#10
Aaron I Karlen, Erik J Solberg, Deborah S Quanbeck, Ann E Van Heest
OBJECTIVE: The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is administered annually and is used to assess medical knowledge of orthopedic surgery residents. Beginning in the 2013 to 2014 academic year, the ACGME expanded the postgraduate year (PGY)-1 curriculum from 3 to 6 months of orthopedic surgery rotations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of increased PGY-1 orthopedic surgery exposure on medical knowledge as measured by the OITE. DESIGN: From 2011 to 2013, 24 PGY-2 residents completed 3 months of PGY-1 orthopedic training (Group 1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437068/an-interobserver-reliability-comparison-between-the-orthopaedic-trauma-association-s-open-fracture-classification-and-the-gustilo-and-anderson-classification
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A Ghoshal, N Enninghorst, K Sisak, Z J Balogh
AIMS: To evaluate interobserver reliability of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association's open fracture classification system (OTA-OFC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients of any age with a first presentation of an open long bone fracture were included. Standard radiographs, wound photographs, and a short clinical description were given to eight orthopaedic surgeons, who independently evaluated the injury using both the Gustilo and Anderson (GA) and OTA-OFC classifications...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433799/international-survey-among-orthopaedic-trauma-surgeons-lack-of-a-definition-of-fracture-related-infection
#12
M Morgenstern, T F Moriarty, R Kuehl, R G Richards, M A McNally, M H J Verhofstad, O Borens, C Zalavras, M Raschke, S L Kates, W J Metsemakers
INTRODUCTION: Fracture-related infection (FRI) is one of the most challenging musculoskeletal complications in orthopaedic-trauma surgery. Although the orthopaedic community has developed and adopted a consensus definition of prosthetic joint infections (PJI), it still remains unclear how the trauma surgery community defines FRI in daily clinical practice or in performing clinical research studies. The central aim of this study was to survey the opinions of a global network of trauma surgeons on the definitions and criteria they routinely use, and their opinion on the need for a unified definition of FRI...
February 6, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432316/pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-does-after-hours-treatment-influence-outcomes
#13
Gabrielle M Paci, Kali R Tileston, John S Vorhies, Julius A Bishop
OBJECTIVES: After-hours surgery for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures may be suboptimal due to surgeon fatigue, limited resources, and variations in comfort with pediatric fracture care. This study compared the outcomes of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures treated during daytime hours to those treated after-hours. DESIGN: Retrospective SETTING:: Academic level I trauma centerPatients/Participants: 298 pediatric patients treated with surgical reduction and fixation of closed supracondylar fractures were included...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430606/epidemiology-of-acetabular-fractures-in-qatar
#14
Malik Ahmed, Yousef Abuodeh, AbdulJabbar Alhammoud, Motasem Salameh, Khalid Hasan, Ghalib Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review the epidemiological aspects of acetabular fractures treated at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. The study is the first orthopaedic trauma epidemiological study in Qatar and will provide a platform to advance high-level clinical research. METHODS: We obtained data for 103 patients who presented to our level I trauma centre from 2008 to 2010 with a diagnosis of acetabular fracture. Age, sex, the cause of injury, fracture classification, mode of treatment, associated nerve injuries, and other complications were analyzed...
February 11, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428222/cost-utility-analysis-in-orthopaedic-trauma-what-pays-a-systematic-review
#15
S Coyle, S Kinsella, B Lenehan, J M Queally
BACKGROUND: As healthcare systems come under ever-increasing pressure to provide more care with fewer resources, emphasis is being placed on value-based systems that maximise quality and minimize cost. The aim of this study was to determine which interventions in fracture care have been demonstrated to be cost effective. METHODS: A systemic review of cost-utility studies on the management of fractures from 1976 to 2015 was carried out using a search of the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry, National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) and MEDLINE...
January 31, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427093/comparison-between-locked-and-unlocked-intramedullary-nails-in-intertrochanteric-fractures
#16
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Auro Caraffa, Domenico Lupariello, Paolo Ceccarini, Giulio Gambaracci, Luigi Meccariello, Francesco Manfreda, Daniele Maiettini, Cristina Ibáñez Vicente, Michele Scialpi, Olga Bisaccia, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Michele Bisaccia
BACKGROUND: Intertrochanteric fractures are of great interest worldwide and are the most frequently operated fractures. Intramedullary nailing is commonly used in the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures. The purpose of this study is to assess the necessity of using the distal blocking screw in 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures, classified according to the Orthopaedic Trauma Association classification system (AO/OTA). METHODS: This is a prospective study of 143 consecutive patients (mean age 85...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417734/incidence-and-immediate-management-of-genitourinary-injuries-in-pelvic-and-acetabular-trauma-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#17
Nikita R Bhatt, Rajiv Merchant, Niall F Davis, Michael Leonard, Brendan J O'Daly, Rustom P Manecksha, John F Quinlan
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of genito-urinary (GU) injuries in pelvic and acetabular (P + A) fractures and to investigate associations between P + A fractures and GU injury patterns. We also prospectively evaluated P + A fracture referrals for adherence to the British Orthopaedic Association Standards for Trauma (BOAST) guidelines over a 12-month period. METHODS: A retrospective review of genitourinary injuries associated with P + A fractures was performed from January 2006 to December 2016 in a national pelvic trauma centre in Ireland...
February 8, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417615/the-effect-of-handover-location-on-trauma-theatre-start-time-an-estimated-cost-saving-of-%C3%A2-131%C3%A2-000-per-year
#18
Sam Nahas, Adam Ali, Kiran Majid, Roshan Joseph, Chris Huber, Victor Babu
BACKGROUND: The National Health Service was estimated to be in £2.45 billion deficit in 2015 to 2016. Trauma theatre utilization and efficiency has never been so important as it is estimated to cost £15/minute. METHODS: Structured questionnaires were given to 23 members of staff at our Trust who are actively involved in the organization or delivery of orthopaedic trauma lists at least once per week. This was used to identify key factors that may improve theatre efficiency...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417348/perioperative-management-of-external-fixation-in-staged-protocols-an-international-survey
#19
Sandro Hodel, Björn-Christian Link, Reto Babst, W H Mallee, Philippe Posso, Frank J P Beeres
INTRODUCTION: Despite the frequent use of external fixation, various regimes of antibiotic prophylaxis, surgical technique and postoperative pin care exist and underline the lack of current evidence. The aim of the study was to assess the variability or consensus in perioperative protocols to prevent implant-associated infections for temporary external fixation in closed fractures of the extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 26-question survey was sent to 170 members of the Traumaplatform...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402720/a-review-of-upper-limb-injuries-in-bear-maul-victims-consistent-pattern-and-inverse-relation-in-severity-with-facial-and-scalp-injuries
#20
Towseef Ahmad Bhat, Amara Gulzar, Aejaz Ahmad Bhat, Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Zameer Ali
PURPOSE: Bear maul injuries are the most common wild animal inflicted injuries in India. More than 300 bear maul injuries report to our hospital per year. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients over a period of 1 year reported to our department for orthopaedic management of bear maul injuries. All the patients were referred either from peripheral hospitals or from other surgical departments of our hospital. RESULTS: All the patients had facial/scalp injuries of variable severity...
November 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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