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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#1
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913940/caesarean-birth-is-associated-with-both-maternal-and-paternal-origin-in-immigrants-in-sweden-a-population-based-study
#2
Sol P Juárez, Rhonda Small, Anders Hjern, Erica Schytt
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between maternal country of birth and father's origin and unplanned and planned caesarean birth in Sweden. METHODS: Population-based register study including all singleton births in Sweden between 1999 and 2012 (n = 1 311 885). Multinomial regression was conducted to estimate odds ratios (OR) for unplanned and planned caesarean with 95% confidence intervals for migrant compared with Swedish-born women. Analyses were stratified by parity...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866474/access-to-occupational-networks-and-ethnic-variation-of-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-in-sweden
#3
Alexander Miething, Mikael Rostila, Jens Rydgren
Social capital research has recognized the relevance of occupational network contacts for individuals' life chances and status attainment, and found distinct associations dependent on ethnic background. A still fairly unexplored area is the health implications of occupational networks. The current approach thus seeks to study the relationship between access to occupational social capital and depressive symptoms in early adulthood, and to examine whether the associations differ between persons with native Swedish parents and those with parents born in Iran and the former Yugoslavia...
August 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857519/mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-croatian-male-olympic-medalists
#4
Vedran Radonić, Damir Kozmar, Darko Počanić, Helena Jerkić, Ivan Bohaček, Tomislav Letilović
AIM: To compare the overall and disease-specific mortality of Croatian male athletes who won one or more Olympic medals representing Yugoslavia from 1948 to 1988 or Croatia from 1992 to 2016, and the general Croatian male population standardized by age and time period. METHODS: All 233 Croatian male Olympic medalists were included in the study. Information on life duration and cause of death for the Olympic medalists who died before January 1, 2017, was acquired from their families and acquaintances...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817176/the-intersection-of-class-origin-and-immigration-background-in-structuring-social-capital-the-role-of-transnational-ties
#5
Anton Andersson, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren
The study investigates inequalities in access to social capital based on social class origin and immigration background and examines the role of transnational ties in explaining these differences. Social capital is measured with a position generator methodology that separates between national and transnational contacts in a sample of young adults in Sweden with three parental backgrounds: at least one parent born in Iran or Yugoslavia, or two Sweden-born parents. The results show that having socioeconomically advantaged parents is associated with higher levels of social capital...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801401/satisfaction-with-rehabilitative-health-care-services-among-german-and-non-german-nationals-residing-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Patrick Brzoska, Odile Sauzet, Yüce Yilmaz-Aslan, Teresia Widera, Oliver Razum
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation following medical conditions is largely offered as in-patient service in Germany. Foreign-national residents use rehabilitative services less often than Germans and attain less favourable treatment outcomes. These differences are independent of demographic, socioeconomic and health characteristics. Satisfaction with different aspects of rehabilitative care presumably affects the effectiveness of rehabilitative services. We compared the degree of satisfaction with different domains of the rehabilitative care process between Germans and non-German nationals residing in Germany...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789620/hospital-admissions-due-to-alcohol-related-disorders-among-young-adult-refugees-who-arrived-in-sweden-as-teenagers-a-national-cohort-study
#7
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almquist, Mikael Rostila, Lisa Berg, Ainhoa Rodríguez García de Cortázar, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: The dataset used in this study was derived from a combination of different registers...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766193/filovirus-research-how-it-began
#8
Werner Slenczka
The first reported filovirus outbreak occurred in August 1967, when laboratory workers in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany, and Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia) became infected with an unknown highly pathogenic agent. The disease was characterized by high fever, malaise, rash, hemorrhagic and tetanic manifestations, and high lethality, amounting to 25%. The disease was introduced to Europe by grivets (Chlorocebus aethiops), which were used for biomedical research and vaccine production. The causative agent, Marburg virus, was isolated and identified by scientists of the University of Marburg, Germany in cooperation with specialists for viral electron microscopy at the Bernhard Nocht Institute in Hamburg, Germany...
August 2, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706324/didymellaceae-revisited
#9
Q Chen, L W Hou, W J Duan, P W Crous, L Cai
The Didymellaceae is one of the most species-rich families in the fungal kingdom, and includes species that inhabit a wide range of ecosystems. The taxonomy of Didymellaceae has recently been revised on the basis of multi-locus DNA sequence data. In the present study, we investigated 108 Didymellaceae isolates newly obtained from 40 host plant species in 27 plant families, and various substrates from caves, including air, water and carbonatite, originating from Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Africa, the Netherlands, the USA and former Yugoslavia...
June 2017: Studies in Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706311/first-report-of-the-fig-cyst-nematode-heterodera-fici-kirjanova-on-fig-tree-ficus-carica-in-ontario-canada
#10
Fengcheng Sun, Neil Henry, Qing Yu
Although fig trees are a popular ornamental fruit tree in subtropical regions, some hardy species, such as Ficus carica, have been grown in the west coast of British Columbia and southern Ontario in Canada. The fig cyst nematode, Heterodera fici Kirjanova, is a pest on fig plants, and the heavy infestation can cause retarded growth and yellowing of leaves (Maqbool et al., 1987). In the spring of 2016, a sample of rhizosphere from a potted fig (F. carica) seedling was submitted to the Nematology Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency...
June 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533466/cultural-evolution-of-military-camouflage
#11
Laszlo Talas, Roland J Baddeley, Innes C Cuthill
While one has evolved and the other been consciously created, animal and military camouflage are expected to show many similar design principles. Using a unique database of calibrated photographs of camouflage uniform patterns, processed using texture and colour analysis methods from computer vision, we show that the parallels with biology are deeper than design for effective concealment. Using two case studies we show that, like many animal colour patterns, military camouflage can serve multiple functions...
July 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293323/effect-of-sanitary-environmental-conditions-of-diabetic-hypertension-incidence-in-displaced-persons
#12
Muamer Muraspahić, Isaja Kastrat, Semsudin Plojović, Mirsad Imamovic, Sonja Ketin, Rade Biocanin
BACKGROUND: The abnormal conditions of life and genetic factors often play a major role in the incidence of "diabetes - diabetes", heart disease and vascular disease, jaundice and posttraumatic stress. AIM: Trauma and posttraumatic stress are most common in the displaced persons, and the focus of this paper is to focus on this issue regarding cases in former Yugoslavia, and now in our country. These diseases are caused by increased beta-cell sensitivity to viruses, the development of autoimmune antibodies attacking their pancreas cells, degenerative changes in cells that result in the change of structure and of insulin production...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190894/approaching-the-socialist-factory-and-its-workforce-considerations-from-fieldwork-in-former-yugoslavia
#13
Rory Archer, Goran Musić
The socialist factory, as the 'incubator' of the new socialist (wo)man, is a productive entry point for the study of socialist modernization and its contradictions. By outlining some theoretical and methodological insights gathered through field-research in factories in former Yugoslavia, we seek to connect the state of labour history in the Balkans to recent breakthroughs made by labour historians of other socialist countries. The first part of this article sketches some of the specificities of the Yugoslav self-managed factory and its heterogeneous workforce...
January 1, 2017: Labor History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038486/anthrax-of-domestic-animals-in-vrbas-banate-from-traditional-beliefs-to-the-first-scientific-views-on-the-ancient-disease
#14
Oliver N Stevanović, Drago N Nedić, Nemanja Šubarević, Obren Tomić
From 1929 to 1941, the Vrbas Banate was one of nine provinces of the Kingdom Yugoslavia, and according to historical data, the poorest one, without well-organized and sustainable agriculture production. Naturalistic production and poor animal health control in the Vrbas Banate were the most important risk factors for infectious disease spreading. Anthrax was very prevalent infectious disease in domestic animals and humans in that period, but some data on this disease remain scarce. In this paper epidemiology and clinical investigation of anthrax in the Vrbas Banate are reviewed...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035843/within-the-triangle-of-healthcare-legacies-comparing-the-performance-of-south-eastern-european-health-systems
#15
Mihajlo Michael Jakovljevic, Jelena Arsenijevic, Milena Pavlova, Nick Verhaeghe, Ulrich Laaser, Wim Groot
OBJECTIVE: Inter-regional comparison of health-reform outcomes in south-eastern Europe (SEE). METHODS: Macro-indicators were obtained from the WHO Health for All Database. Inter-regional comparison among post-Semashko, former Yugoslavia, and prior-1989-free-market SEE economies was conducted. RESULTS: United Nations Development Program Human Development Index growth was strongest among prior-free-market SEE, followed by former Yugoslavia and post-Semashko...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999233/smallpox-as-an-actual-biothreat-lessons-learned-from-its-outbreak-in-ex-yugoslavia-in-1972
#16
Elizabeta Ristanovic, Ana Gligic, Sonja Atanasievska, Vesna Protic-Djokic, Dragutin Jovanovic, Miodrag Radunovic
Variola (smallpox) virus is classified as class A of potential biological weapons, due to its microbiological, genetic, antigenic and epidemiological characteristics. The potential danger is more real because vaccination against smallpox has stopped since disease eradication in 1979. That is why we want to share our unique, rich experience and acquired knowledge in the fight against this highly contagious and deadly disease during the smallpox outbreak in ex-Yugoslavia in 1972. It was the largest postwar outbreak in Europe when there were officially registered 175 ill patients, 35 of them with lethal outcome...
October 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914558/karad%C3%A5-i%C3%A4-s-guilty-verdict-and-forensic-evidence-from-bosnia-s-mass-graves
#17
Melanie Klinkner
The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia's Karadžić verdict, eagerly awaited, was unsurprising. He was found guilty of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. One part of the judgment was concerned with the Srebrenica events in which much forensic evidence from mass graves featured. Whilst this was to be expected, forensic evidence from the horrific crime scenes continues to be important in determining aspects of the crime base. This paper discusses the evidence and examines how the Chamber came to the conclusion that systematic killing of thousands of Bosnian Muslim men occurred and attempts had been made to conceal the crimes and human remains in secondary graves thus confirming the actus reus of genocide...
December 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799241/total-and-cause-specific-mortality-of-finnish-military-personnel-following-service-in-international-peacekeeping-operations-1990-2010-a-comprehensive-register-based-cohort-study
#18
T Laukkala, K Parkkola, M Henriksson, S Pirkola, N Kaikkonen, E Pukkala, P Jousilahti
OBJECTIVES: To estimate total and cause-specific mortality after international peacekeeping deployments among the Finnish military peacekeeping personnel in comparison to the general population of similar age and sex. DESIGN: A register-based study of a cohort of military peacekeeping personnel in 1990-2010 followed for mortality until the end of 2013. Causes of death were obtained from the national Causes of Death Register. The standardised mortality ratio (SMR) for total and cause-specific mortality was calculated as the ratio of observed and expected number of deaths...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589245/-migration-background-and-pathological-gambling-results-of-a-nationwide-epidemiological-study-on-the-impact-of-region-of-origin-in-germany
#19
N Kastirke, H-J Rumpf, U John, A Bischof, C Meyer
Objective: To investigate the extent to which the presence and number of symptoms of pathological gambling (PG), distinguished by region of origin (RO), differ. Methods: Data was obtained from a nationwide telephone survey of 15 023 individuals living in Germany and aged 14-64 years. They were categorized according to their RO and the number of symptoms of PG (0-10 DSM-IV-criteria). Results: The lifetime prevalence of PG symptoms is 18.1% for people of the RO Turkey, 9.0% for those of the RO Yugoslavia and 6...
September 2, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442376/genetic-genomic-and-epigenomic-studies-of-balkan-endemic-nephropathy-ben
#20
Rada G Staneva, L Balabanski, I Dimova, B Rukova, S Hadjidekova, P Dimitrov, V Simeonov, S Ivanov, R Vagarova, M Malinov, R Cukuranovic, V Stefanovic, M Polenakovic, V Djonov, A Galabov, D Toncheva
BEN is a primary, chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis characterized with chronic anemia, absence of edema, xantoderma, normal blood pressure and normal findings on the fundus oculi. The disease is distributed in restricted areas in Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Former Yugoslavia. Despite numerous studies on genetic and environmental factors and their possible involvement in BEN, its etiopathogenesis still remains elusive. Our recent study aim to elucidate the possible epigenetic component in BEN development...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
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