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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454847/bejel-in-cuba-molecular-identification-of-treponema-pallidum-subsp-endemicum-in-patients-diagnosed-with-venereal-syphilis
#1
Angel A Noda, Linda Grillová, Reto Lienhard, Orestes Blanco, Islay Rodríguez, David Šmajs
OBJECTIVES: Bejel, caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN), was until now considered as a non-venereal disease endemic in areas with hot and dry climates. This study has identified TEN in clinical samples from Cuban patients previously diagnosed with syphilis. METHODS: We performed sequencing-based molecular typing on 92 samples from Cuban patients diagnosed with syphilis. Moreover, to differentiate T. pallidum subspecies, Multi-Locus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) was designed, and applied to suspicious samples...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447827/a-novel-approach-for-comparing-patterns-of-foreign-body-injuries-across-countries-a-case-study-comparing-european-countries-and-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#2
Giulia Lorenzoni, Sekib Umihanić, Danila Azzolina, Emiliano Manza, Fuad Brkić, Dario Gregori
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at analyzing the characteristics of FB injuries from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), a rapidly growing newly industrialized country, and to compare them with cases from European countries. METHODS: The analysis is based on FB injury cases included in the Susy Safe registry. Cases from the Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Clinic, University Clinical Center of Tuzla (B&H) were compared with cases from European countries participating in the Susy Safe project...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436284/compassion-fatigue-and-compassion-satisfaction-among-family-physicians-in-the-republic-of-srpska-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#3
Maja Račić, Aleksandra Virijević, Nedeljka Ivković, Bojan N Joksimović, Vedrana R Joksimović, Biljana Mijovic
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine self-perceived compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction among family physicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to describe potential contributing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 120 family physicians. Professional Quality of Life Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue, Version 5 (ProQOL5) was used to assess compassion satisfaction, and two components of compassion fatigue, secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426475/eulimdana-clava-nematoda-filarioidea-infection-in-domestic-pigeons-columba-livia-domestica-molecular-characterization-and-pathological-changes
#4
Jovana Šupić, Alma Šeho Alić, Melida Hasanić, Šejla Goletić, Georg G Duscher, Adnan Hodžić, Amer Alić
Filarial nematodes of the Eulimdana genus inhabit subcutaneous tissue of various avian species, mostly Charadriiforme birds. In domestic pigeons, E. clava is the only species recorded in the subcutaneous tissue in a number of isolated cases. In the present study, we discuss the morphology and histopathology of filarial nematodes recovered from subcutaneous tissue of domestic pigeons in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In total 110 pigeons were submitted to necropsy at the Department of Pathology of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Sarajevo...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422447/high-diversity-of-blood-associated-parasites-and-bacteria-in-european-wild-cats-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-a-molecular-study
#5
Adnan Hodžić, Amer Alić, Georg Gerhard Duscher
Wild felids may play a significant role in the transmission of various pathogens to domestic cats, in particular, but also to other animals and humans. However, since data on the occurrence of blood-borne organisms in European wild cats (Felis silvestris silvestris) are scarce, the present study aimed to provide an insight into the genetic diversity of the agents carried by this sylvatic species in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to elucidate their pathogenic impact. Tissue samples from 18 adult wild cats were collected and examined by PCR and histopathology...
February 1, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416207/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-second-part
#6
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416205/upper-urinary-tract-urothelial-cancer-in-croatian-and-bosnian-endemic-nephropathy-regions
#7
Josip Samardzic, Sefik Hasukic
Objectives: Endemic nephropathy (EN) is a chronic tubulointerstitial renal disease associated with increased incidence of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) occurring predominantly in geographically limited areas in villages along big Danube river. Based on results obtained by the research it is confirmed that aristolochic acid is causative agent of endemic nephropathy (EN). Aim: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of UTUC in two endemic areas and analyze trends in 5-year period...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409554/redescription-of-macrolaimus-canadensis-sanwal-1960-and-m-ruehmi-andr%C3%A3-ssy-1966-nematoda-rhabditida-chambersiellidae-and-new-data-on-m-crucis-maupas-1900
#8
J Abolafia, A N Ruiz-Cuenca, J Foit, V Čermak
Three species belonging to the genus Macrolaimus, namely M. canadensis, M. crucis and M. ruehmi, have been obtained from areas of natural vegetation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Corsica (France), the Czech Republic and Spain. These three species are characterized by the body length of males and females, stomatal proportion of the gymnostom and cheilostom, excretory pore position, postvulval uterine sac length, male and female tail length and morphology, and the length and morphology of the spicules and gubernacula...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394895/the-serostatus-of-brucella-spp-chlamydia-abortus-coxiella-burnetii-and-neospora-caninum-in-cattle-in-three-cantons-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#9
Adis Softic, Kassahun Asmare, Erik Georg Granquist, Jacques Godfroid, Nihad Fejzic, Eystein Skjerve
BACKGROUND: Dairy production in Bosnia and Herzegovina exhibits limited productivity, which may partly, be explained by extensive reproductive problems of non-infectious and infectious origin. Brucella spp., Chlamydia abortus, Coxiella burnetii and Neospora caninum are common infectious causes of decreased reproductive outcomes in cattle worldwide. Little is, however, known about the disease status of herds with reduced reproductive performances. A cross-sectional study was designed to document the status of these pathogens in dairy cattle in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
February 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382412/review-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-in-the-eastern-part-of-europe-2016
#10
Judit Plutzer, Brian Lassen, Pikka Jokelainen, Olgica Djurković-Djaković, István Kucsera, Elisabeth Dorbek-Kolin, Barbara Šoba, Tamás Sréter, Kálmán Imre, Jasmin Omeragić, Aleksandra Nikolić, Branko Bobić, Tatjana Živičnjak, Snježana Lučinger, Lorena Lazarić Stefanović, Jasmina Kučinar, Jacek Sroka, Gunita Deksne, Dace Keidāne, Martin Kváč, Zuzana Hůzová, Panagiotis Karanis
IntroductionThis paper reviews the current knowledge and understanding of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. in humans, animals and the environment in 10 countries in the eastern part of Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. Methods: Published scientific papers and conference proceedings from the international and local literature, official national health service reports, national databases and doctoral theses in local languages were reviewed to provide an extensive overview on the epidemiology, diagnostics and research on these pathogens, as well as analyse knowledge gaps and areas for further research...
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362944/assessment-of-pb-cd-and-hg-soil-contamination-and-its-potential-to-cause-cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-effects-in-human-cell-lines-caco-2-and-hacat
#11
Maida Sljivic Husejnovic, Martina Bergant, Sasa Jankovic, Suzana Zizek, Aida Smajlovic, Adaleta Softic, Omer Music, Biljana Antonijevic
Soil contamination by heavy metals is a serious global environmental problem, especially for developing countries. A large number of industrial plants, which continually pollute the environment, characterize Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aim of this study was to assess the level of soil pollution by heavy metals and to estimate cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of soil leachates from this area. Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) were analyzed by ICP-AES and AAS. Soil contamination was assessed using contamination factor, degree of contamination, geoaccumulation index and pollution load index...
January 23, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339223/leishmania-infections-in-austrian-soldiers-returning-from-military-missions-abroad-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Adelheid G Obwaller, Martina Köhsler, Wolfgang Poeppl, Harald Herkner, Gerhard Mooseder, Horst Aspöck, Julia Walochnik
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of leishmaniasis is known to increase in conflict areas. The aim of this study was to determine the exposure to Leishmania species in Austrian soldiers returning from missions abroad also assessing possible risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective explorative cross-sectional serological study was conducted in 225 healthy Austrian soldiers returning from UN or EU peace-keeping missions in Syria, the Lebanon and Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH), respectively...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338278/the-effects-of-interprofessional-diabetes-education-on-the-knowledge-of-medical-dentistry-and-nursing-students
#13
Maja Račić, Bojan N Joksimović, Smiljka Cicmil, Srebrenka Kusmuk, Nedeljka Ivković, Natalija Hadživuković, Milan Kulić, Biljana Mijović, Mirjana Mirić, Vedrana R Joksimović, Milena Dubravac
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional teamwork is best attained through education that promotes mutual trust and effective communication. The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of interprofessional learning on knowledge about diabetes. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included students of medicine, dentistry and nursing at the Faculty of Medicine Foča, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The students were randomly allocated into one of two groups. Group 1 attended an interprofessional course on diabetes while group 2 was divided into three subgroups and each of the subgroups attended an uniprofessional diabetes course...
November 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290581/first-molecular-detection-of-babesia-canis-in-dogs-from-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#14
Agnesa Ćoralić, Simona Gabrielli, Amir Zahirović, Nikola M Stojanović, Giovanni Luigi Milardi, Adnan Jažić, Almedina Zuko, Denis Čamo, Suzana Otašević
Babesia spp. are tick-transmitted protozoan haemoparasites of great economic, veterinary and medical impact worldwide. Herein we reported the very high prevalence of autochthonous babesiosis in symptomatic dogs from Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period from 2014 to 2016. Eighty dogs that did not leave the country were examined using parasitological and molecular analyses and babesiosis was diagnosed in 82.5% and 85.0% of them, respectively (p < 0.001). One species, Babesia canis was identified using molecular methodology (PCR and sequence analysis)...
December 24, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285001/analysis-of-food-toxin-trends-in-the-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-over-five-years-period
#15
Salih Tandir, Adnan Mujezinovic, Suad Sivic, Aida Sivic, Lejla Lihic-Tandir
Introduction: Alimentary toxoinfections represent a significant public health problem. Globalization of the market and food production, significant impoverishment of a large part of the population, and traditional approach with food preparation and consumption, cause a significant increase in the rates of population infections around the world. The epidemiological surveillance of the illness occurrence plays a significant role in monitoring and controlling the population's burden of diseases caused by unhygienically prepared and stored food...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284999/high-burden-of-stroke-risk-factors-in-developing-country-the-case-study-of-bosnia-herzegovina
#16
Marija Bender, Edin Jusufovic, Vesna Railic, Sima Kelava, Selma Tinjak, Damir Dzevdetbegovic, Dario Mot, Mensuda Tresnjo, Sandra Lakicevic, Natasa Pejanovic-Skobic, Osman Sinanovic
Introduction: The burden of stroke has been increasing worldwide, especially in developing countries. Very few data regarding epidemiology of stroke are available in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH). Patients and methods: We undertook a retrospective hospital-based study in all hospitals existing in five cantons and one district of BH. The patients were recruited between January 1st, 2014, and December 31st, 2014, and only first-ever-in-lifetime strokes (FES) were included for evaluation...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284990/the-impact-of-risk-factors-and-comorbidities-on-the-incidence-of-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Nabil Naser, Mirza Dilic, Azra Durak, Mehmed Kulic, Esad Pepic, Elnur Smajic, Zumreta Kusljugic
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Patients who develop AF also have cardiovascular risk factors, structural heart disease, and comorbidities, all of which can increase mortality. AF causes a significant economic burden with the increasing trend in AF prevalence and hospitalizations. Research Objectives: The objective of our study is to evaluate the impact of the most common known risk factors on the incidence of atrial fibrillation as an important precursor of cardiac and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality among our patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina during median follow up period (September 2006 - September 2016)...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284918/telemedicine-in-cardiology-perspectives-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#18
REVIEW
Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Edin Begic
Introduction: Aim of article was to present perspectives of telemedicine in the field of cardiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and methods: Article has descriptive character and present review of literature. Results: Information technology can have the application in the education of students, starting from basic medical sciences up to clinical subjects. Information technologies are used for ECG analysis, 24h ECG Holter monitoring, which detects different rhythm disorders...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284908/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-first-part
#19
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Armin Skrbo, Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Lejla Zunic, Senad Medjedovic, Aziz Sukalo
The time interval from the 9th to the 13th century remained known as the "Golden period of the Arab science", and a significant place among the taught sciences are occupied by Medicine and Pharmacy. In the history of medicine, Islamic medicine, also known as Arabic medicine, refers to the science of medicine developed in the Islamic Golden Age, and written in Arabic Arabs were able to use their cultural and natural resources and trade links to contribute to the strong development of pharmacy. After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278631/prevalence-of-coronary-artery-anomalies-detected-by-coronary-ct-angiography-in-canton-sarajevo-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#20
Fuad Zukić, Miro Miljko, Sandra Vegar-Zubović, Adi Behmen, Antonela Krasić Arapović
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are congenital variations of one or more of the coronary arteries and they are an uncommon but important cause of chest pain and, in some cases, sudden cardiac death. Anomalies of coronary arteries may be found incidentally in 0.3-1% of healthy individuals. The three types of coronary artery anomalies are anomalies of origin, anomalies of course and anomalies of termination. The purpose of our study was to estimate the frequency of CAAs in Canton Sarajevo, B&H, and to deteremine the prevalence of origin, course and termination anomalies of coronary arteries...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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