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Yuheng Wang, Konstantin von Gunten, Barbora Bartova, Nicolas Meisser, Markus Astner, Mario Burger, Rizlan Bernier-Latmani
Hundreds of tons of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition were used in previous armed conflicts in Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia/Kosovo. The majority (>90%) of DU penetrators miss their target and, if left in the environment, corrode in these post-conflict zones. Thus, the best way to understand the fate of bulk DU material in the environment is to characterize the corrosion products of intact DU penetrators under field conditions for extended periods of time. However, such studies are scarce. To fill this knowledge gap, we characterized corrosion products formed from two intact DU penetrators that remained in soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina for over seven years...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Maja Rupnik, Arjana Tambic Andrasevic, Elena Trajkovska Dokic, Ivanka Matas, Milica Jovanovic, Selma Pasic, Aleksander Kocuvan, Sandra Janezic
While Clostridium difficile epidemiology is well documented in many European countries, data are largely missing for South Eastern European region. Here we report the PCR ribotype distribution of 249 C. difficile isolates received for typing from six hospital settings from Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Macedonia and Serbia in time period from 2008 to 2015. Twenty-four PCR ribotypes were detected. The majority of strains from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia belonged to PCR ribotype 027 (65...
October 15, 2016: Anaerobe
Aziz Sukalo, Dervis Deljo, Amina Krupalija, Nerma Zjajo, Sabina Kos, Amela Curic, Goran Divkovic, Sabina Hubjar, Mina Smailagic, Edina Hodzic, Danijela Marjanovic, Senad Medjedovic
INTRODUCTION: Paper is written on the basis of data collected in collaboration with family doctors in several cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, randomized study was carried out processing of data collected by special design questionnaire from the field through studies and analyzes carried out in 5 health care institutions in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study included 270 patients who underwent three consecutive medical examinations...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Adrian Smolis
New data on little known species of the genus Endonura are provided. E. transcaucasica (Stach, 1951), from Georgia, is redescribed in details and its lectotype is designated. E. centaurea (Cassagnau & Péja, 1979) and E. deharvengi (Cassagnau & Péja, 1979), both described from Greece, are redescribed and illustrated based on type material for the first time. Redescription of E. caeca (Gisin, 1963), a taxon known only from the type locality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is given based on holotype.
October 4, 2016: Zootaxa
Lejla Zunic, Doncho Donev
Higher education in Europe and in the Balkan's countries is undergoing major reforms. The Bologna Process was a major reform created with the claimed goal of providing responses to issues such as the public responsibility for higher education and research, higher education governance, the social dimension of higher education and research, and the values and roles of higher education and research in modern, globalized, and increasingly complex societies with the most demanding qualification needs. Changes in the curricula, modernization of facilities and their alignment with the programs of other European universities, employment of a larger number of assistants, especially in the clinical courses at our universities are necessary...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic, Vahid Jusufovic, Svjetlana Terzic, Musfaha Burgic, Meliha Halibasic, Mersiha Sinanovic
AIM: Melanoma represents a malignant tumour arising from melanocytes. Uveal melanoma is the most common primary ocular malignancy among the adult population. The aim of the study was to examine epidemiological characteristics of ocular melanoma in University Clinic Centre in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina from January 2001 till November 2015. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this retrospective study we used all available medical documentation to investigate the clinical findings which included age, gender, tumour size, histopathological features and the precise anatomic origin of the ocular melanoma...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Elvira Mujkanovic, Haris Memisevic, Edin Mujkanovic, Sadata Zecic, Inga Biscevic
AIM: The goal of this study was to examine the general satisfaction of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with treatment opportunities for their children in Bosnia and Herzegovina. An additional goal was to assess the level of mothers' satisfaction with their own involvement in the creation and implementation of Individual Education Plans. METHODS: The sample consisted of 98 mothers of children with ASD. Mothers answered to questions related to their perceived satisfaction with treatment options...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Sinisa Skocibusic, Marko Martinac, Jurica Arapovic, Svjetlana Grgic, Jadranka Nikolic, Dino Hasanagic, Milenko Bevanda, Jelena Ravlija
INTRODUCTION: Use of intravenous heroin carries a risk of serious medical conditions, including acquiring blood-borne infections. Therefore, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represent a threat for people who inject drugs (PWID). The objectives of this study were to determine the extent and characteristics of risk factors for acquiring HBV and HCV infection in PWID included in opiate substitution treatment in the southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Dusko Bjelica, Kemal Idrizovic, Stevo Popovic, Nedim Sisic, Damir Sekulic, Ljerka Ostojic, Miodrag Spasic, Natasa Zenic
Substance use and misuse (SUM) in adolescence is a significant public health problem and the extent to which adolescents exhibit SUM behaviors differs across ethnicity. This study aimed to explore the ethnicity-specific and gender-specific associations among sports factors, familial factors, and personal satisfaction with physical appearance (i.e., covariates) and SUM in a sample of adolescents from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this cross-sectional study the participants were 1742 adolescents (17-18 years of age) from Bosnia and Herzegovina who were in their last year of high school education (high school seniors)...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maris Hindrikson, Jaanus Remm, Malgorzata Pilot, Raquel Godinho, Astrid Vik Stronen, Laima Baltrūnaité, Sylwia D Czarnomska, Jennifer A Leonard, Ettore Randi, Carsten Nowak, Mikael Åkesson, José Vicente López-Bao, Francisco Álvares, Luis Llaneza, Jorge Echegaray, Carles Vilà, Janis Ozolins, Dainis Rungis, Jouni Aspi, Ladislav Paule, Tomaž Skrbinšek, Urmas Saarma
The grey wolf (Canis lupus) is an iconic large carnivore that has increasingly been recognized as an apex predator with intrinsic value and a keystone species. However, wolves have also long represented a primary source of human-carnivore conflict, which has led to long-term persecution of wolves, resulting in a significant decrease in their numbers, genetic diversity and gene flow between populations. For more effective protection and management of wolf populations in Europe, robust scientific evidence is crucial...
September 28, 2016: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
M Mahmic-Kaknjo, A Marusic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Heidi J Larson, Alexandre de Figueiredo, Zhao Xiahong, William S Schulz, Pierre Verger, Iain G Johnston, Alex R Cook, Nick S Jones
BACKGROUND: Public trust in immunization is an increasingly important global health issue. Losses in confidence in vaccines and immunization programmes can lead to vaccine reluctance and refusal, risking disease outbreaks and challenging immunization goals in high- and low-income settings. National and international immunization stakeholders have called for better monitoring of vaccine confidence to identify emerging concerns before they evolve into vaccine confidence crises. METHODS: We perform a large-scale, data-driven study on worldwide attitudes to immunizations...
September 13, 2016: EBioMedicine
Emil Babić, Milenko Bevanda, Mladen Mimica, Maja Karin, Mile Volarić, Ante Bogut, Tatjana Barišić, Danijel Pravdić, Nikica Šutalo
AIM: To explore the prevalence of amebiasis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, in patients in Clinical hospital Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina, region of Herzegovina). METHODS: In this study, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar prevalence was investigated in fresh faeces by native microscopy and immunochromatographic rapid assay "RIDA(®)QUICK Entamoeba test", in 119 cases of new found IBD patients, 84 of ulcerative colitis and 35 of Crohn's disease and in control group who had also 119 patients who didn't have any gastrointestinal complaints...
2016: SpringerPlus
Amina Kurtovic-Kozaric, Lejla Mehinovic, Radmila Malesevic, Semir Mesanovic, Tijana Jaros, Meliha Stomornjak-Vukadin, Mirela Mackic-Djurovic, Slavica Ibrulj, Ilvana Kurtovic-Basic, Mirza Kozaric
OBJECTIVE: This study examines trends in total and live birth prevalence of trisomy 21 (T21) with regard to increasing maternal age and the introduction of prenatal diagnosis in Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHOD: The prenatal detection was introduced in January 2008 in 3 hospitals and assessed until December 31, 2015. In this study, 99 fetuses and 330 babies were diagnosed with T21 in the studied period. RESULTS: On average, each year 33 T21 individuals were born and 13 T21 fetuses were diagnosed prenatally...
September 12, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Edvin Mulalic, Samir Delibegovic
INTRODUCTION: MALT lymphoma accounts for 7-8% of all B-cell lymphomas and at least 50% of primary gastric lymphoma, with the highest incidence at between 50 and 60 years of age. Aggressive forms are rare, as are indications for multi-visceral resection. CASE STUDY: A patient, 33 years old, was admitted to the tertiary hospital due to a biopsy at a small community hospital confirming adenocarcinoma of the stomach. She was Helicobacter pylori positive. CT showed thickening of the fundus and corpus wall, up to 2...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Jasenko Fatusic, Igor Hudic, Zlatan Fatusic, Aida Zildzic-Moralic, Milorad Zivkovic
OBJECTIVE: For last decades, there has public concern about increasing Cesarean Section (CS) rates, and it is an issue of international public health concern. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) there is no justification to have more than 10-15% CS births. WHO proposes the Robson ten-group classification, as a global standard for assessing, monitoring and comparing cesarean section rates. The aim of this study was to investigate Cesarean section rate at University Hospital Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Varja Đogaš, Doncho M Donev, Sunčana Kukolja-Taradi, Zoran Đogaš, Vesna Ilakovac, Anita Novak, Ana Jerončić
AIM: To asses if the level of intention to engage others in academic transgressions was comparable among medical students from five schools from neighboring Southern-European countries: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia; and medical students from western EU studying at Split, Croatia. METHODS: Five medical schools were surveyed in 2011, with ≥87% of the targeted population sampled and a response rate of ≥76%. Students' intention to engage a family member, friend, colleague, or a stranger in academic transgression was measured using a previously validated the Intention to Engage Others in Academic Transgression (IEOAT) questionnaire and compared with their intention to ask others for a non-academic, material favor...
August 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
Marija Matic, Biljana Dragicevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Sonja Suvakov, Ana Savic-Radojevic, Marija Pljesa-Ercegovac, Dejan Dragicevic, Jelena Smiljic, Tatjana Simic
Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic familial form of interstitial nephritis that might eventually lead to end stage renal disease. This nephropathy affects individuals living along of the Danube River and its tributaries in Serbia, Bosnia, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania. The increased incidence of urinary tract tumors in the BEN areas is well described, but its specific genetic predisposition is still unclear. Certain nephrocarcinogenic compounds, including those associated with BEN, are metabolized by glutathione S-transferase (GST) superfamily of phase II detoxication enzymes...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Marie Christine Dussault, Martin Smith, Ian Hanson
Anthropology features little in published literature about blast injuries. Contributions through case studies and experimental research are beginning to expand our understanding of the effect these injuries have on the human skeleton. This study examines blast injury and gunshot related fractures through multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) with the aim of establishing injury patterns between the two types of trauma. Using a sample of 491 individuals from Bosnia, MCA is employed to identify which body regions differentiate between blast or gunshot related fractures...
October 2016: Forensic Science International
Marie Stiborová, Volker M Arlt, Heinz H Schmeiser
Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a unique, chronic renal disease frequently associated with upper urothelial cancer (UUC). It only affects residents of specific farming villages located along tributaries of the Danube River in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania where it is estimated that ~100,000 individuals are at risk of BEN, while ~25,000 have the disease. This review summarises current findings on the aetiology of BEN. Over the last 50 years, several hypotheses on the cause of BEN have been formulated, including mycotoxins, heavy metals, viruses, and trace-element insufficiencies...
November 2016: Archives of Toxicology
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