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Christopher Harman, Merete Grung, Jasmina Djedjibegovic, Aleksandra Marjanovic, Eirik Fjeld, Hans Fredrik Veiteberg Braaten, Miroslav Sober, Thorjørn Larssen, Sissel Brit Ranneklev
There is an overall lack of data concerning the pollution status of Bosnia Herzegovina, which is confounded by fragmented national environmental management. The present study aimed to provide some initial data for concentrations of priority substances in two major Bosnian Rivers, using two types of passive sampler (PS) as well as by using high volume water sampling (HVWS). Overall, concentrations of most persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and legacy pesticides, were shown to be low...
April 15, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Siniša Vujmilović, Goran Spasojević, Saša Vujnović, Slobodan Malobabić, Zoran Vujković
Vertebral artery (VA), the main element of the posterior brain circulation, has many anatomical variations which generally were widely investigated. However, available data vary in wide ranges, reflecting very different sample sizes, lack of data about left-right or sex differences, and about possible ethnic, regionally specific or genetic differences. Certain new findings suggest possible involvement of some environmental factors in VA variations. Accurate anatomical data about VA variations in different regions of the world, including Balkans countries, are still lacking...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Adnan Hodžić, Amer Alić, Relja Beck, Ana Beck, Doroteja Huber, Domenico Otranto, Gad Baneth, Georg G Duscher
Species of the genus Hepatozoon (Adeleorina: Hepatozoidae) are arthropod-transmitted protozoan parasites that infect a wide range of vertebrate hosts. In the present study, we describe a new species of Hepatozoon primarily infecting martens and propose the name Hepatozoon martis n. sp., based on its unique morphological, molecular and pathogenic features. The overall prevalence of infection with H. martis n. sp. assessed by PCR in European pine martens (Martes martes) from Bosnia and Herzegovina and stone martens (Martes foina) from Croatia was 100% and 64%, respectively...
March 26, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Patricia Mora, Keith Faulkner, Ahmed M Mahmoud, Vesna Gershan, Aruna Kausik, Urban Zdesar, María-Ester Brandan, Serap Kurt, Jasna Davidović, Dina H Salama, Erkin Aribal, Clara Odio, Arvind K Chaturvedi, Zahida Sabih, Saša Vujnović, Diana Paez, Harry Delis
PURPOSE: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) through a Coordinated Research Project on "Enhancing Capacity for Early Detection and Diagnosis of Breast Cancer through Imaging", brought together a group of mammography radiologists, medical physicists and radiographers; to investigate current practices and improve procedures for the early detection of breast cancer by strengthening both the clinical and medical physics components. This paper addresses the medical physics component...
March 26, 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Janko Janković, Sladjana Šiljak, Jelena Marinković, Bojan Kovač, Slavenka Janković
This study aimed to assess possible differences in health services utilization among people living with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in the Republic of Srpska (RS), Bosnia and Herzegovina, with special reference to NCD multimorbidity. In addition, the relationship between self-perceived health and health care utilization was assessed. Data were retrieved from the 2010 National Health Survey. A cross-sectional study design was used. A total of 4,673 persons aged 18 years and older were identified in the households, of which 4,128 were interviewed...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
Sanjin Musa, Corrine Peek-Asa, Nina Jovanović, Edin Selimović
BACKGROUND: Many studies have linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to long-term health outcomes, as well as health risk behaviors. In the post-war period in Bosnia and Herzegovina, many young people grew up in an environment of deteriorated living standards due to high unemployment and economic insecurity. The objectives of the study were to: 1) describe the health risk behaviors of young adults accessing primary healthcare; and 2) examine associations of these risk factors with adverse childhood experiences in this context...
2018: PloS One
David T Levy, Trudy M A Wijnhoven, Jeffrey Levy, Zhe Yuan, Kristina Mauer-Stender
Background: While some WHO European Region countries are global tobacco control leaders, the South Eastern region of Europe has the highest tobacco smoking prevalence globally and a relatively low level of overall implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). An abridged version of SimSmoke has been developed to project the health impact of implementing tobacco control policies in line with the WHO FCTC. Methods: Data on population size, smoking prevalence, policy-specific effect sizes and formulas were applied in 11 South Eastern WHO European Region countries [Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska), Bulgaria, Croatia, Israel, Montenegro, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia] to project the relative reduction in smoking prevalence, number of smokers and number of smoking-attributable deaths resulting from implementing individual and/or combined six WHO FCTC measures...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Raymond Yokomi, Vijayanandraj Selvaraj, Yogita Maheshwari, Michela Chiumenti, Maria Saponari, Annalisa Giampetruzzi, Ziming Weng, Zhongguo Xiong, Subhas Hajeri
Strain differentiating marker profiles of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates from California have shown the presence of multiple genotypes. To better define the genetic diversity involved, full-length genome sequences from four California CTV isolates were determined by small-interfering RNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis and nucleotide sequence comparisons differentiated these isolates into the genotypes VT (CA-VT-AT39), T30 (CA-T30-AT4), and a new strain called S1 (CA-S1-L and CA-S1-L65). S1 isolates had three common recombination events within portions of genes from VT, T36 and RB strains and were transmissible by Aphis gossypii...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Virology
Adnan Mujezinović, Lejla Čalkić, Nino Hasanica, Salih Tandir
Aim To establish the presence of two risk factors, smoking and alcohol use, for non-communicable diseases among students at the University of Zenica. Methods The research was conducted at eight schools of the University of Zenica in the academic year 2016/2017 during the period from 1 December 2016 to 15 February 2017. The study involved 600 students 19-29 years of age (all years of study). The research was carried out with a standardized and validated questionnaire, the STEPS non-communicable Disease Risk Factors survey, developed by the World Health Organization...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
Zihnet Selimbašić, Maja Brkić, Nermina Kravić, Jasmin Hamidović, Mirna Selimbašić
Aim To analyse symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and coping strategies of war veterans in Tuzla Canton twenty years after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Methods The study analysed a group of 120 war veterans from the Tuzla Canton who had experience of the war in BiH. For assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder Harvard Trauma Questionnaire was used, a version for Bosnia and Herzegovina and for assessment of coping styles Life Style Index was used. Results Concerning number of traumatic experiences of war veterans, it was found that they suffered 12 traumatic experiences...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
Alma Glinac, Lejla Matović, Azra Delalić, Lejla Mešalić
The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is difference in the quality of life between mothers of children with cerebral palsy and mothers of healthy children, as well as whether the quality of life in mothers of children with cerebral palsy depends on their level of education, child's mobility and child's functional status. A total of 141 mothers participated in the research. Mothers were divided into two groups, 71 mothers of children with cerebral palsy and 70 mothers of healthy children from the Tuzla Canton (Bosnia and Herzegovina)...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Angel A Noda, Linda Grillová, Reto Lienhard, Orestes Blanco, Islay Rodríguez, David Šmajs
OBJECTIVES: Bejel, caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN), was until now considered as a non-venereal disease endemic in areas with hot and dry climates. This study has identified TEN in clinical samples from Cuban patients previously diagnosed with syphilis. METHODS: We performed sequencing-based molecular typing on 92 samples from Cuban patients diagnosed with syphilis. Moreover, to differentiate T. pallidum subspecies, Multi-Locus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) was designed, and applied to suspicious samples...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Giulia Lorenzoni, Sekib Umihanić, Danila Azzolina, Emiliano Manza, Fuad Brkić, Dario Gregori
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at analyzing the characteristics of FB injuries from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), a rapidly growing newly industrialized country, and to compare them with cases from European countries. METHODS: The analysis is based on FB injury cases included in the Susy Safe registry. Cases from the Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Clinic, University Clinical Center of Tuzla (B&H) were compared with cases from European countries participating in the Susy Safe project...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Maja Račić, Aleksandra Virijević, Nedeljka Ivković, Bojan N Joksimović, Vedrana R Joksimović, Biljana Mijovic
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine self-perceived compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction among family physicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to describe potential contributing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 120 family physicians. Professional Quality of Life Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue, Version 5 (ProQOL5) was used to assess compassion satisfaction, and two components of compassion fatigue, secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Jovana Šupić, Alma Šeho Alić, Melida Hasanić, Šejla Goletić, Georg G Duscher, Adnan Hodžić, Amer Alić
Filarial nematodes of the Eulimdana genus inhabit subcutaneous tissue of various avian species, mostly Charadriiforme birds. In domestic pigeons, E. clava is the only species recorded in the subcutaneous tissue in a number of isolated cases. In the present study, we discuss the morphology and histopathology of filarial nematodes recovered from subcutaneous tissue of domestic pigeons in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In total 110 pigeons were submitted to necropsy at the Department of Pathology of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Sarajevo...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Adnan Hodžić, Amer Alić, Georg Gerhard Duscher
Wild felids may play a significant role in the transmission of various pathogens to domestic cats, in particular, but also to other animals and humans. However, since data on the occurrence of blood-borne organisms in European wild cats (Felis silvestris silvestris) are scarce, the present study aimed to provide an insight into the genetic diversity of the agents carried by this sylvatic species in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to elucidate their pathogenic impact. Tissue samples from 18 adult wild cats were collected and examined by PCR and histopathology...
February 1, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
Josip Samardzic, Sefik Hasukic
Objectives: Endemic nephropathy (EN) is a chronic tubulointerstitial renal disease associated with increased incidence of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) occurring predominantly in geographically limited areas in villages along big Danube river. Based on results obtained by the research it is confirmed that aristolochic acid is causative agent of endemic nephropathy (EN). Aim: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of UTUC in two endemic areas and analyze trends in 5-year period...
December 2017: Medical Archives
J Abolafia, A N Ruiz-Cuenca, J Foit, V Čermak
Three species belonging to the genus Macrolaimus, namely M. canadensis, M. crucis and M. ruehmi, have been obtained from areas of natural vegetation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Corsica (France), the Czech Republic and Spain. These three species are characterized by the body length of males and females, stomatal proportion of the gymnostom and cheilostom, excretory pore position, postvulval uterine sac length, male and female tail length and morphology, and the length and morphology of the spicules and gubernacula...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
Adis Softic, Kassahun Asmare, Erik Georg Granquist, Jacques Godfroid, Nihad Fejzic, Eystein Skjerve
BACKGROUND: Dairy production in Bosnia and Herzegovina exhibits limited productivity, which may partly, be explained by extensive reproductive problems of non-infectious and infectious origin. Brucella spp., Chlamydia abortus, Coxiella burnetii and Neospora caninum are common infectious causes of decreased reproductive outcomes in cattle worldwide. Little is, however, known about the disease status of herds with reduced reproductive performances. A cross-sectional study was designed to document the status of these pathogens in dairy cattle in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
February 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
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