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J Burazerovic, M Orlova, M Obradovic, D Cirovic, S Tomanovic
Bats are hosts to a number of ectoparasites-acarines (ticks, chiggers, other mites), bat flies, and fleas. Bat ectoparasites might have significant ecological and public health importance as they may be potential vectors of zoonotic agents. It is important to identify their distribution, diversity, and host-parasite associations. Bat ectoparasites in the central Balkans have been largely understudied. The present research was conducted in 45 localities at the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Maja Racic, Tanja Pekez-Pavlisko, Sandra Jokovic
INTRODUCTION: A health care system reform and the development of a new primary health care model, oriented toward family medicine, have been implemented to improve the quality of health services in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The primary objective of this article was to identify factors that hinder or facilitate implementation of family medicine in the country. METHODS: The qualitative study was performed by focus groups sessions, involving 54 family physicians, selected from 15 geographical regions in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Branko Petrinec, Isabela Tišma, Marko Šoštarić, Marina Poje Sovilj, Dinko Babić, Vanja Radolić, Igor Miklavčić, Branko Vuković
For years, the town of Slavonski Brod in Croatia has been facing serious problems with air pollution, which is usually attributed to an oil refinery across the Sava River in Bosnia and Herzegovina. While the air quality is being monitored rigorously with regard to nonradioactive matter, no attention has been paid to the possibility of a coincidental radioactive pollution. This study is the first to have addressed this issue. We measured ambient dose rate equivalents at 150 sites and found that none exceeded 120 nSv h-1, while the average was 80 nSv h-1...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Dzevdet Smajlovic, Omer C Ibrahimagic
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial sonography (TCS) is a relatively new ultrasound modality which could display echogenicity of human brain tissue through the intact skull. TCS may be useful in differentiation of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) from other parkinsonian disorders. Therefore, we studied different ultrasound markers by TCS in individuals with Parkinson's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed TCS in 44 patients with PD and 22 patients with other parkinsonian disorders...
August 2017: Medical Archives
Samir Husic, Semir Imamovic, Srecko Matic, Aziz Sukalo
INTRODUCTION: This research was to follow characteristics of breakthrough pain caused by cancer (BTcP) and other most common sympthoms (ESAS) at patients in advanced stage of cancer disease in palliative care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study included 433 patients which were treated in Palliative Care Centre in UKC Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Group 1 was consisted of 353 patients whose basal cancer pain of intensity 4-7 NRS was treated weak opiates (basal analgetic- fixed combination of tramadol/paracetamol (37...
August 2017: Medical Archives
Emir Cabric, Vahid Jusufovic, Nizama Salihefendic, Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic
INTRODUCTION: It is known that phacoemulsification of cataracts after penetrating keratoplasty there are always some difficulties and of course a higher rate of different intraoperative complications. Phacoemulsification after PK may cause significant endothelial injury and affect long term graft survival. AIM: The aim of this report is to describe one of these cases and the possible ways to manage them. CASE REPORT: We report a case o of a 31-year-old female patient, with a cataract on her left eye...
June 2017: Medical Archives
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic
The Arab cultural heritage was an era of invaluable preservation and development of numerous teachings, including biomedical sciences. The golden period of Arab medicine deserves special attention in the history of medicine and pharmacy, as it was the period of rapid translation of works from Greek and Persian cultures into Arabic. They preserved their culture, and science from decay, and then adopted them to continue building their science on theirs as a basis. After the fall of Arabian Caliphate, Arabian pharmacy, continued to persevere, and spread through Turkish Caliphate until its fall in the First World War...
June 2017: Medical Archives
Elmir Jahic
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an emergent percutaneous catheter intervention in the setting of ST-segment elevations myocardial infarction (STEMI), without previous fibrinolytic treatment. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary interventions for STEMI in regional tertiary care cardiac centre in Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2016, consecutive 549 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI were prospectively enrolled in a primary PCI registry...
June 2017: Medical Archives
Izet Masic
INTRODUCTION: The academic community of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is represented by four Academies, which include eminent personalities in the field of medical sciences (Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Department for Medical Sciences (ANUBiH), Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska (ANURS), Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in BiH (HAZU B&H), and the Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AMNuBiH)). AIM: To present scientometric analysis of members of the medical sphere of the ANUBiH, ANURS, HAZU B&H and AMNuBiH, to evaluate members and their scientific rating...
June 2017: Medical Archives
Inga Marijanović, Gordana Pavleković, Teo Buhovac, Marko Martinac
BACKGROUND: In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the prevalence and incidence of breast cancer has been increasing, and the national programme of early prevention, administered locally, is sporadic and without quality assurance. While many factors may influence women's decision to adopt prevention-oriented behaviours regarding breast cancer, this study has emphasised the importance of sociodemographic factors, psychological factors and mental wellbeing. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants in the study were all patients who, during one year, were admitted for the first time for diagnosis and treatment in the biggest Clinical hospitals of the Herzegovina-Neretva region Patients were divided into two groups based on their TNM classification: "early stage" and "late stage"...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Senadin Fadilpašić, Daniel Maleč, Alma Džubur-Kulenović
BACKGROUND: Long-term posttraumatic outcomes such as quality of life are dependent on a series of factors from the very exposure to traumatic events and stress appraisals, personality traits, posttraumatic growth, symptoms of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and different coping strategies to religiousness and religious coping styles. Except of exposure to traumatic events and related stress, all other variables may have indirect mediating effects on long-term posttraumatic outcomes...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Andrijana Glavas, Karin Jors, Arndt Büssing, Klaus Baumann
BACKGROUND: As a result of the wars in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, many people have been affected by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Considering that religion plays an important role in both of these countries and that religiosity/spirituality can be a positive coping resource, we were interested in investigating the spiritual needs of PTSD patients in these countries. Also, we aimed to compare the spiritual needs of war veterans and civilians with PTSD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 120 questionnaires were distributed to civilians and veterans with PTSD at one university hospital in Croatia and in Bosnia-Herzegovina, respectively (response rate: 52...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Chongfei Jin, Xinyi Chen, Andrew Law, Yunhee Kang, Xue Wang, Wen Xu, Ke Yao
BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is the principal cause of blindness and visual impairment in the world. Phacoemulsification is the main surgical procedure used to treat cataract. The comparative effectiveness and safety of different-sized incisions for phacoemulsification has not been determined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness and safety of smaller versus larger incisions for phacoemulsification in age-related cataract...
September 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Agata Mrugała, Radek Šanda, Adam Petrusek, Dario Marić, Jasna Vukić
Although the introduction of the crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci to Europe is responsible for substantial declines in native crayfish populations throughout the whole continent, its presence has never been officially confirmed in many European regions, including most of the Balkan Peninsula. We demonstrate that the recent crayfish mortality observed in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Mostarsko blato karst field, Neretva river drainage) was caused by A. astaci. The causative strain is known only from European crayfish, indicating that A...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic, Selma Skrbo, Elma Ramakic, Lejla Zunic
All of these centuries-old records contain enormous treasures, and the modern medicine is increasingly searching for the sources of natural remedies. The Franciscans should be credited for carefully collecting the methods folk treatment and passed them on to future generations. In the words of Br. Marko Karamatić: "The fact that the Friars were engaged in healthcare, that they became the first graduate doctors in Bosnia and Herzegovina, that they wrote" herbal manuals " and other medical records, is the result of historical opportunities in these areas, and this activity became one of the most important tasks for the Franciscans...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Azra Hadzimehmedovic, Vesna Ferkovic, Mahira Jahic
INTRODUCTION: Characteristics of sexual behaviour of female students, which will affect fertility in adulthood, represent one of the critical parameters of reproductive health. AIM: The aim of this study was assess characteristics of sexual behavior of female students in Bosnia and Herzegovina. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective study on a representative sample of 2,872 regular girls aged 19-24 years, an anonymous survey on the reproductive health of female students in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2007 to 2009 was conducted...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Olivera Batic-Mujanovic, Samir Poric, Nurka Pranjic, Enisa Ramic, Esad Alibasic, Enisa Karic
INTRODUCTION: Bosnia and Herzegovina has one of the highest unemployment rates in the Balkan region (43.2%), so unemployment is one of the most serious public concerns in our country. AIM: To analyze the influence of unemployment on mental health of the working age population who attend primary care center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the municipality of Bosanska Krupa, which has the highest unemployment rate in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (56%), and included 510 randomly selected working age patients (aged 23-65 years)...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Nazli Ayhan, Bulent Alten, Vladimir Ivovic, Vit Dvořák, Franjo Martinkovic, Jasmin Omeragic, Jovana Stefanovska, Dusan Petric, Slavica Vaselek, Devrim Baymak, Ozge E Kasap, Petr Volf, Remi N Charrel
BACKGROUND: Recently, Balkan virus (BALKV, family Phenuiviridae, genus Phlebovirus) was discovered in sand flies collected in Albania and genetically characterised as a member of the Sandfly fever Naples species complex. To gain knowledge concerning the geographical area where exposure to BALKV exists, entomological surveys were conducted in 2014 and 2015, in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. RESULTS: A total of 2830 sand flies were trapped during 2014 and 2015 campaigns, and organised as 263 pools...
August 29, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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