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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928510/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-patient-safety-culture-in-the-palestinian-hospitals-a-baseline-assessment-for-quality-improvement
#1
Aymen Elsous, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Yousef Aljeesh, Mahmoud Radwan, Hatem AbuZaydeh
OBJECTIVES: To measure and establish a baseline assessment of the patient safety culture in the Palestinian hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study using the Arabic version of the Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 339 nurses and physicians returned the questionnaire out of 370 achieving a response rate of 91.6%. SETTING: Four public general hospitals in the Gaza Strip, Palestine...
December 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#2
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887649/postpartum-depression-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-longitudinal-study-in-bethlehem
#3
Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler, Simon M Collin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the world, hence even low rates of PPD could have considerable national impact. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, PPD among Palestinian mothers. METHODS: 101 mothers were recruited during the registration of their child's birth (within 1 week) at the Bethlehem branch of the Ministry of Interior...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815623/facilitating-mental-health-screening-of-war-torn-populations-using-mobile-applications
#4
Bahar Hashemi, Sara Ali, Rania Awaad, Laila Soudi, Lawrence Housel, Stephen J Sosebee
BACKGROUND: War-torn populations are often hard to screen for mental health disorders. Classical data collection approaches, such as paper-based, online, or SMS-operated, are either infeasible or lack accuracy due to a variety of challenges associated with dynamics and consequences of war. METHODS: In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for accurate and fast screening using free open-source software, Open Data Kit (ODK) mobile application. This approach was developed by the Palestine Children's Relief Fund (PCRF) to assess the mental health symptoms of 986 Palestinian children (age 6-18) in the aftermath of Israel's Operation Protective Edge (OPE) in 2014...
November 4, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760709/child-discipline-in-qatar-and-palestine-a-comparative-study-of-icast-r
#5
Nehal Eldeeb, Samia Halileh, Khalid A Alyafei, Rula Ghandour, Soha Dargham, Rita Giacaman, Madeeha Kamal, Sawsan Imseeh, Mona Korayem, Shiraz Nasr, Ziyad Mahfoud, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Hassan Tawfik, Margaret A Lynch, Marcellina Mian
To compare the nature and determinants of child discipline in Qatar and Palestine among young adults through retrospective survey to develop legislation, policies and interventions for effective prevention of child maltreatment, and educational materials to promote positive discipline among parents and caregivers. Cross-sectional random household surveys were conducted in each country (Qataris N=697, Palestinians N=2064) using ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool-Retrospective (ICAST-R) for young adults (18-24 years), to investigate child discipline methods into the maltreatment range...
October 16, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759971/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-in-eight-arab-countries-comparison-between-two-international-standards-arabeat-2
#6
Abdulrahman O Musaiger, Mariam Al-Mannai, Ahmad R Al-Haifi, Fatima Nabag, Jalila Elati, Nada Abahussain, Reema Tayyem, Marwan Jalambo, Mofida Benhamad, Berivan Al-Mufty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in eight Arab countries. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in eight Arab countries: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia. The total sample included was 6,447 adolescents aged 15-18 years (3,111 males, 3,336 females). The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) reference standards were used to determine obesity levels...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755776/marked-subcutaneous-mast-cell-and-eosinophilic-infiltration-associated-with-the-presence-of-multiple-dirofilaria-repens-microfilariae-in-4-dogs
#7
Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Michal Reich, Adva Karnieli, Sharon Kuzi, Itamar Aroch
Dirofilaria repens is a parasitic nematode in the subcutaneous tissue of carnivores, including dogs and cats, transmitted by mosquitoes. Human beings may be accidental hosts. Infection of a dog with D repens was first reported in Palestine in 1934, and 2 additional cases were reported in dogs in Israel to date. This report describes D repens infection in 4 dogs in Israel that presented with subcutaneous masses, which were cytologically characterized by marked mast cell and eosinophil infiltration. In 3 cases, multiple microfilariae were present in the lesions; rare microfilariae were present in the 4(th) case...
October 18, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746296/cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-pediatric-stem-cell-transplants-report-of-a-recent-cluster-and-the-development-of-a-screening-protocol
#8
Marissa B Larochelle, Ryan Phan, John Craddock, Mark J Abzug, Donna Curtis, Christine C Robinson, Roger H Giller, Shaun Cosgrove, Frank Siringo, Emily McCourt, Alan G Palestine
PURPOSE: The incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in the pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) population is unknown. We report a cluster of 5 pediatric patients with CMV retinitis diagnosed in a 12-month period, and compare this to the rate of CMV viremia and retinitis in the four years prior. Presented is the ophthalmic screening protocol developed in response to this experience. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients at Children's Hospital of Colorado (CHCO) who received allogeneic HSCT between January 2010 and December 2014...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744531/uveitis-specialists-and-rheumatologists-select-different-therapies-for-idiopathic-non-necrotizing-anterior-scleritis
#9
Daniel J Ozzello, Jason R Kolfenbach, Alan G Palestine
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis specialists and rheumatologists treat patients with anterior scleritis, but data from controlled trials to guide management are scarce, making differences in treatment paradigms possible. METHODS: 1044 uveitis specialists and rheumatologists were surveyed regarding therapy for a patient with anterior scleritis. Respondents were asked to select first- and second-choice therapies and then reselect therapies assuming that the costs of all options were equal and that insurance approval was ensured...
October 15, 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708696/differences-in-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-frequency-between-adolescent-palestine-refugee-and-non-refugee-populations-in-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#10
Mohammed Jawad, Ali Khader, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting as to the whether tobacco smoking prevalence is higher in refugee than non-refugee populations. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking in Palestine refugee and non-refugee adolescent populations in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank among adolescent Palestine refugees and non-refugees...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694376/shift-work-mental-distress-and-job-satisfaction-among-palestinian-nurses
#11
Y M Jaradat, M B Nielsen, P Kristensen, R Bast-Pettersen
BACKGROUND: Associations between shift work (SW) schedules, mental distress and job satisfaction have never been completely described. AIMS: To examine gender-specific associations of SW with mental distress and job satisfaction in nurses in Hebron District, Palestine, in 2012. METHODS: Detailed information on work schedules (day versus shift), socio-demographic status, mental distress (General Health Questionnaire, GHQ-30) and job satisfaction (Generic Job Satisfaction Scale) in nurses employed in Hebron District, Palestine, was obtained through a questionnaire survey...
September 30, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686983/primary-healthcare-reform-in-the-united-nations-relief-and-works-agency-for-palestine-refugees-in-the-near-east
#12
A Santoro, N Abu-Rmeileh, A Khader, A Seita, M McKee
Palestinian refugees served by the United Nation Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) are experiencing increasing rates of diagnosis of non-communicable diseases. In response, in 2011 UNRWA initiated an Agency-wide programme of primary healthcare reform, informed by the Chronic Care Model framework. Health services were reorganized following a family-centred approach, with delivery by multidisciplinary family health teams supported by updated technical advice. An inclusive clinical information system, termed e-Health, was implemented to collect a wide range of health information, with a focus on continuity of treatment...
2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679852/the-relationship-of-novel-plasma-proteins-in-the-early-neonatal-period-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
Anne M Lynch, Brandie D Wagner, Naresh Mandava, Alan G Palestine, Peter M Mourani, Emily A McCourt, Scott C N Oliver, Steven H Abman
Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening disease associated with abnormal retinal vascular development. Proteins from the insulin-like growth factor pathway are related to ROP. However, there is a paucity of research on the role of other proteins in ROP. The aim of this study was to identify plasma proteins related to clinically significant ROP. Methods: We measured 1121 plasma proteins in the early neonatal period in infants at risk for ROP using an aptamer-based proteomic technology...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627996/continuity-or-conquest-a-multi-isotope-approach-to-investigating-identity-in-the-early-iron-age-of-the-southern-levant
#14
Lesley A Gregoricka, Susan Guise Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: Across the Mediterranean and Near East, the transition from the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1550-1200 BC) to the Early Iron Age (ca. 1200-900 BC) was accompanied by profound cultural change. While this transformation was initially attributed to invasion or conquest, more recent, nuanced interpretations of archaeological and biological data now emphasize the decline of palatial economies, a shift away from centralized political authority, and internal social restructuring amidst rapid climate change in lieu of "collapse...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597833/health-behaviors-knowledge-life-satisfaction-and-wellbeing-in-people-with-mental-illness-across-four-countries-and-comparisons-with-normative-sample
#15
Natalie Parletta, Yousef Aljeesh, Bernhard T Baune
BACKGROUND: People with chronic mental illness have poorer physical health and higher mortality than the general population. We investigated lifestyle factors in people with mental illness across four countries and compared with a normative sample. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected from N = 672 people (Germany, n = 375; Palestine, n = 192; London, n = 63; Australia, n = 42) with substance abuse disorder (n = 224), schizophrenia (n = 158), mood disorders (n = 227), and somatoform disorders (n = 63)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596949/comparison-of-mediterranean-diet-compliance-between-european-and-non-european-populations-in-the-mediterranean-basin
#16
Samira Benhammou, Leticia Heras-González, Diana Ibáñez-Peinado, Carla Barceló, May Hamdan, Ana Rivas, Miguel Mariscal-Arcas, Fatima Olea-Serrano, Celia Monteagudo
Fruit, vegetables, cereals, and olive oil are common elements of the Mediterranean diet (MD), but each country in the Mediterranean basin has its own gastronomic customs influenced by socio-cultural, religious, and economic factors. This study compared the dietary habits of three Mediterranean populations with different cultures and lifestyles, a total of 600 adults (61.9% females) between 25 and 70 yrs from Spain, Morocco, and Palestine. All participants completed a self administered questionnaire, including sociodemographic and anthropometric items, a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire adapted to the foods consumed in each country, and three 24-h recalls...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568068/health-in-times-of-uncertainty-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#17
Ali H Mokdad, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Farah Daoud, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ibrahim Khalil, Ashkan Afshin, Marwa Tuffaha, Raghid Charara, Ryan M Barber, Joseph Wagner, Kelly Cercy, Hannah Kravitz, Matthew M Coates, Margaret Robinson, Kara Estep, Caitlyn Steiner, Sara Jaber, Ali A Mokdad, Kevin F O'Rourke, Adrienne Chew, Pauline Kim, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Safa Abdalla, Foad Abd-Allah, Jerry P Abraham, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdulwahab A Al-Nehmi, Ali S Akanda, Hanan Al Ahmadi, Mazin J Al Khabouri, Faris H Al Lami, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Deena Alasfoor, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Saleh F Aldhahri, Suliman Alghnam, Samia Alhabib, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Syed Danish Ali, Mohammad Alkhateeb, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shirina Alsowaidi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Khalid A Altirkawi, Azmeraw T Amare, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, Palwasha Anwari, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Asghar, Ali M Assabri, Reza Assadi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Talal Bakfalouni, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Amit R Bhakta, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Hadi Danawi, Jai Das, Amare Deribew, Eric L Ding, Adnan M Durrani, Yousef Elshrek, Mohamed E Ibrahim, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad A D Faghmous, Farshad Farzadfar, Andrea B Feigl, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, Fortuné G Gankpé, Ibrahim Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Rahul Gupta, Rami M Habash, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Randah R Hamadeh, Hayet Hamdouni, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Mohammad T Hedayati, Pouria Heydarpour, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Vivekanand Jha, Jost B Jonas, Nadim E Karam, Amir Kasaeian, Nega Assefa Kassa, Anil Kaul, Yousef Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Khoja, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yohannes Kinfu, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Arjun Lakshmana Balaji, Raimundas Lunevicius, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Reza Malekzadeh, Morteza Mansourian, Wagner Marcenes, Habibolah Masoudi Farid, Alem Mehari, Abla Mehio-Sibai, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Karzan A Mohammad, Ziad Nahas, Jamal T Nasher, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Saad B Omer, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Emmanuel K Peprah, Aslam Pervaiz, Farshad Pourmalek, Dima M Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh K Rai, Saleem M Rana, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Serge Resnikoff, Gholamreza Roshandel, Georges Saade, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Shadi Saleh, Lidia Sanchez-Riera, Maheswar Satpathy, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kawkab Shishani, Karen Sliwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Abdullah S Terkawi, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mustafa Z Younis, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Faiez Zannad, Gregory A Roth, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: The eastern Mediterranean region is comprised of 22 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Since our Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), the region has faced unrest as a result of revolutions, wars, and the so-called Arab uprisings. The objective of this study was to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the eastern Mediterranean region as of 2013...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556239/rheumatologists-and-ophthalmologists-differ-in-treatment-decisions-for-ocular-beh%C3%A3-et-disease
#18
Alan Gary Palestine, Jason Roy Kolfenbach, Daniel J Ozzello
BACKGROUND: Ocular involvement in patients with Behçet disease represents a significant clinical morbidity in this disease, and the prevention of visual impairment is an important treatment goal. There are no randomized controlled trials for the treatment of ocular Behçet disease; however, clinicians must still make treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to describe the treatment preferences of rheumatologists and ophthalmologists for the treatment of ocular Behçet disease and to identify factors that influence these decisions...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540374/molecular-evidence-of-bartonella-species-in-ixodid-ticks-and-domestic-animals-in-palestine
#19
Suheir Ereqat, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Ahmad Abdelkader, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Taher Zaid, Kifaya Azmi, Ziad Abdeen
Ticks play an important role in disease transmission as vectors for human and animal pathogens, including the Gram-negative pathogen Bartonella. Here, we evaluated the presence of Bartonella in ixodid ticks and domestic animals from Palestine. We tested 633 partly engorged ticks and 139 blood samples from domestic animals (dogs, sheep and camels) for Bartonella using ITS-PCR. Bartonella DNA was detected in 3.9% of the tested ticks. None of the ticks collected from sheep and goats were positive for Bartonella...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530833/first-report-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-among-clinical-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-in-gaza-strip-palestine
#20
Ghassan Tayh, Rym Ben Sallem, Houssem Ben Yahia, Haythem Gharsa, Naouel Klibi, Abdellatif Boudabous, Karim Ben Slama
This study aimed to assess the occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in clinical Escherichia coli isolates from Palestine and to characterise their type, genetic environments and associated resistance genes. Twenty-seven broad-spectrum-cephalosporin-resistant E. coli isolates were recovered between April and June 2013 in Gaza Strip hospitals. Characterisation of ESBL genes and their genetic environments, detection of associated resistance genes, and the presence and characterisation of integrons were performed by PCR and sequencing...
September 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
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