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Marissa B Larochelle, Ryan Phan, John Craddock, Mark J Abzug, Donna Curtis, Christine C Robinson, Roger H Giller, Shaun Cosgrove, Frank Siringo, Emily McCourt, Alan G Palestine
PURPOSE: The incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in the pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) population is unknown. We report a cluster of 5 pediatric patients with CMV retinitis diagnosed in a 12-month period, and compare this to the rate of CMV viremia and retinitis in the four years prior. Presented is the ophthalmic screening protocol developed in response to this experience. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients at Children's Hospital of Colorado (CHCO) who received allogeneic HSCT between January 2010 and December 2014...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Daniel J Ozzello, Jason R Kolfenbach, Alan G Palestine
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis specialists and rheumatologists treat patients with anterior scleritis, but data from controlled trials to guide management are scarce, making differences in treatment paradigms possible. METHODS: 1044 uveitis specialists and rheumatologists were surveyed regarding therapy for a patient with anterior scleritis. Respondents were asked to select first- and second-choice therapies and then reselect therapies assuming that the costs of all options were equal and that insurance approval was ensured...
October 15, 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Mohammed Jawad, Ali Khader, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting as to the whether tobacco smoking prevalence is higher in refugee than non-refugee populations. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking in Palestine refugee and non-refugee adolescent populations in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank among adolescent Palestine refugees and non-refugees...
2016: Conflict and Health
Y M Jaradat, M B Nielsen, P Kristensen, R Bast-Pettersen
BACKGROUND: Associations between shift work (SW) schedules, mental distress and job satisfaction have never been completely described. AIMS: To examine gender-specific associations of SW with mental distress and job satisfaction in nurses in Hebron District, Palestine, in 2012. METHODS: Detailed information on work schedules (day versus shift), socio-demographic status, mental distress (General Health Questionnaire, GHQ-30) and job satisfaction (Generic Job Satisfaction Scale) in nurses employed in Hebron District, Palestine, was obtained through a questionnaire survey...
September 30, 2016: Occupational Medicine
A Santoro, N Abu-Rmeileh, A Khader, A Seita, M McKee
Palestinian refugees served by the United Nation Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) are experiencing increasing rates of diagnosis of non-communicable diseases. In response, in 2011 UNRWA initiated an Agency-wide programme of primary healthcare reform, informed by the Chronic Care Model framework. Health services were reorganized following a family-centred approach, with delivery by multidisciplinary family health teams supported by updated technical advice. An inclusive clinical information system, termed e-Health, was implemented to collect a wide range of health information, with a focus on continuity of treatment...
2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Anne M Lynch, Brandie D Wagner, Naresh Mandava, Alan G Palestine, Peter M Mourani, Emily A McCourt, Scott C N Oliver, Steven H Abman
Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening disease associated with abnormal retinal vascular development. Proteins from the insulin-like growth factor pathway are related to ROP. However, there is a paucity of research on the role of other proteins in ROP. The aim of this study was to identify plasma proteins related to clinically significant ROP. Methods: We measured 1121 plasma proteins in the early neonatal period in infants at risk for ROP using an aptamer-based proteomic technology...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Lesley A Gregoricka, Susan Guise Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: Across the Mediterranean and Near East, the transition from the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1550-1200 BC) to the Early Iron Age (ca. 1200-900 BC) was accompanied by profound cultural change. While this transformation was initially attributed to invasion or conquest, more recent, nuanced interpretations of archaeological and biological data now emphasize the decline of palatial economies, a shift away from centralized political authority, and internal social restructuring amidst rapid climate change in lieu of "collapse...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Natalie Parletta, Yousef Aljeesh, Bernhard T Baune
BACKGROUND: People with chronic mental illness have poorer physical health and higher mortality than the general population. We investigated lifestyle factors in people with mental illness across four countries and compared with a normative sample. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected from N = 672 people (Germany, n = 375; Palestine, n = 192; London, n = 63; Australia, n = 42) with substance abuse disorder (n = 224), schizophrenia (n = 158), mood disorders (n = 227), and somatoform disorders (n = 63)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Samira Benhammou, Leticia Heras-González, Diana Ibáñez-Peinado, Carla Barceló, May Hamdan, Ana M Rivas, Miguel Mariscal-Arcas, Fatima Olea-Serrano, Celia Monteagudo
Fruit, vegetables, cereals, and olive oil are common elements of the Mediterranean diet (MD), but each country in the Mediterranean basin has its own gastronomic customs influenced by socio-cultural, religious, and economic factors. This study compared the dietary habits of three Mediterranean populations with different cultures and lifestyles, a total of 600 adults (61.9% females) between 25 and 70 yrs from Spain, Morocco, and Palestine. All participants completed a self administered questionnaire, including sociodemographic and anthropometric items, a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire adapted to the foods consumed in each country, and three 24-h recalls...
September 2, 2016: Appetite
Ali H Mokdad, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Farah Daoud, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ibrahim Khalil, Ashkan Afshin, Marwa Tuffaha, Raghid Charara, Ryan M Barber, Joseph Wagner, Kelly Cercy, Hannah Kravitz, Matthew M Coates, Margaret Robinson, Kara Estep, Caitlyn Steiner, Sara Jaber, Ali A Mokdad, Kevin F O'Rourke, Adrienne Chew, Pauline Kim, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Safa Abdalla, Foad Abd-Allah, Jerry P Abraham, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdulwahab A Al-Nehmi, Ali S Akanda, Hanan Al Ahmadi, Mazin J Al Khabouri, Faris H Al Lami, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Deena Alasfoor, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Saleh F Aldhahri, Suliman Alghnam, Samia Alhabib, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Syed Danish Ali, Mohammad Alkhateeb, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shirina Alsowaidi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Khalid A Altirkawi, Azmeraw T Amare, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, Palwasha Anwari, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Asghar, Ali M Assabri, Reza Assadi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Talal Bakfalouni, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Amit R Bhakta, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Hadi Danawi, Jai Das, Amare Deribew, Eric L Ding, Adnan M Durrani, Yousef Elshrek, Mohamed E Ibrahim, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad A D Faghmous, Farshad Farzadfar, Andrea B Feigl, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, Fortuné G Gankpé, Ibrahim Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Rahul Gupta, Rami M Habash, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Randah R Hamadeh, Hayet Hamdouni, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Mohammad T Hedayati, Pouria Heydarpour, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Vivekanand Jha, Jost B Jonas, Nadim E Karam, Amir Kasaeian, Nega Assefa Kassa, Anil Kaul, Yousef Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Khoja, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yohannes Kinfu, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Arjun Lakshmana Balaji, Raimundas Lunevicius, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Reza Malekzadeh, Morteza Mansourian, Wagner Marcenes, Habibolah Masoudi Farid, Alem Mehari, Abla Mehio-Sibai, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Karzan A Mohammad, Ziad Nahas, Jamal T Nasher, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Saad B Omer, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Emmanuel K Peprah, Aslam Pervaiz, Farshad Pourmalek, Dima M Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh K Rai, Saleem M Rana, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Serge Resnikoff, Gholamreza Roshandel, Georges Saade, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Shadi Saleh, Lidia Sanchez-Riera, Maheswar Satpathy, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kawkab Shishani, Karen Sliwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Abdullah S Terkawi, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mustafa Z Younis, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Faiez Zannad, Gregory A Roth, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: The eastern Mediterranean region is comprised of 22 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Since our Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), the region has faced unrest as a result of revolutions, wars, and the so-called Arab uprisings. The objective of this study was to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the eastern Mediterranean region as of 2013...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
Alan Gary Palestine, Jason Roy Kolfenbach, Daniel J Ozzello
BACKGROUND: Ocular involvement in patients with Behçet disease represents a significant clinical morbidity in this disease, and the prevention of visual impairment is an important treatment goal. There are no randomized controlled trials for the treatment of ocular Behçet disease; however, clinicians must still make treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to describe the treatment preferences of rheumatologists and ophthalmologists for the treatment of ocular Behçet disease and to identify factors that influence these decisions...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Suheir Ereqat, Abdelmajeed Nasereddin, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Ahmad Abdelkader, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Taher Zaid, Kifaya Azmi, Ziad Abdeen
Ticks play an important role in disease transmission as vectors for human and animal pathogens, including the Gram-negative pathogen Bartonella. Here, we evaluated the presence of Bartonella in ixodid ticks and domestic animals from Palestine. We tested 633 partly engorged ticks and 139 blood samples from domestic animals (dogs, sheep and camels) for Bartonella using ITS-PCR. Bartonella DNA was detected in 3.9% of the tested ticks. None of the ticks collected from sheep and goats were positive for Bartonella...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Ghassan Tayh, Rym Ben Sallem, Houssem Ben Yahia, Haythem Gharsa, Naouel Klibi, Abdellatif Boudabous, Karim Ben Slama
This study aimed to assess the occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in clinical Escherichia coli isolates from Palestine and to characterise their type, genetic environments and associated resistance genes. Twenty-seven broad-spectrum-cephalosporin-resistant E. coli isolates were recovered between April and June 2013 in Gaza Strip hospitals. Characterisation of ESBL genes and their genetic environments, detection of associated resistance genes, and the presence and characterisation of integrons were performed by PCR and sequencing...
September 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Salwa G Massad, Mohammed Shaheen, Rita Karam, Ryan Brown, Peter Glick, Sebastian Linnemay, Umaiyeh Khammash
BACKGROUND: Youth health risk behaviors, including substance use (psychoactive substances including alcohol and illicit drugs), have been the subject of relatively limited study to date in Middle Eastern countries. This study provides insights into the perceived prevalence and patterns of alcohol and drug use among Palestinian youth. METHODS: The study was based on ten focus groups and 17 individual interviews with youth aged 16-24 years (n = 83), collected as part of the formative phase of a cross-sectional, population representative study of risk taking behaviors among Palestinian youth in the West Bank in 2012...
2016: BMC Public Health
Motasem Almasri, Nael Abu Hasan, Naela Sabbah
BACKGROUND/AIM: Macrolide and lincosamide antibiotics are used for the treatment of staphylococcal infections, especially for penicillin-allergic patients. In the present study, we evaluate the prevalence of resistance to macrolide and lincosamide antibiotics among staphylococci isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 200 staphylococcal clinical isolates were collected from January 2012 to April 2013. Minimal inhibitory concentrations of erythromycin and clindamycin were determined by agar dilution method...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Issam A Al-Khatib, Derar Eleyan, Joy Garfield
Hospitals and health centers provide a variety of healthcare services and normally generate hazardous waste as well as general waste. General waste has a similar nature to that of municipal solid waste and therefore could be disposed of in municipal landfills. However, hazardous waste poses risks to public health, unless it is properly managed. The hospital waste management system encompasses many factors, i.e., number of beds, number of employees, level of service, population, birth rate, fertility rate, and not in my back yard (NIMBY) syndrome...
September 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Ramzi Shawahna, Abdel Kareem Hroub, Eliama Abed, Sondos Jibali, Ruba Al-Saghir, Abdel Naser Zaid
Atorvastatin reduces morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular events. This study was conducted to assess the prices and pharmaceutical quality of innovator atorvastatin 20 mg with its locally available generics in Palestine and to assess the suitability of their interchangeability. The prices of innovator and generic atorvastatin 20 mg were determined and compared. Innovator atorvastatin and four generic products were tested for their pharmaceutical quality. Tablets were tested for their drug contents, weight uniformity, hardness, disintegration and dissolution...
May 2016: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
S Bellizzi, M M Ali, E Abalos, A P Betran, J Kapila, C Pileggi-Castro, J P Vogel, M Merialdi
BACKGROUND: Annually, around 7.9 million children are born with birth defects and the contribution of congenital malformations to neonatal mortality is generally high. Congenital malformations in children born to mothers with hypertensive disorders during pregnancy has marginally been explored. METHODS: Country incidence of congenital malformations was estimated using data on the 310 401 livebirths of the WHO Multicountry Survey which reported information from 359 facilities across 29 countries...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Rowa' Al-Ramahi, Afnan R Raddad, Alaa O Rashed, Amneh Bsharat, Dania Abu-Ghazaleh, Eman Yasin, Oraina Shehab
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study are to find the prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in patients with Hemodialysis and identify factors associated with these interactions if present. METHODS: The study was an observational- retrospective cohort study that was conducted in ten hemodialysis units in the West bank, Palestine, between June and August 2015. The data collection form was completed by interviewing the patients in addition to reviewing their medical records...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Sa'ed H Zyoud, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Ghada H Tabeeb, Nora A Ayaseh, Mayas N Sawafta, Razan L Khdeir, Diana O Mezyed, Dala N Daraghmeh, Rahmat Awang
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and herbal therapies, are accepted worldwide, and have been important from medical, sociological and economic perspectives, among haemodialysis (HD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the use of CAM among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are undergoing HD. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews of patients with ESRD undergoing HD from ten outpatient renal departments at a national level in Palestine were conducted from June 2014 to January 2015...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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