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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102544/nursing-perceptions-of-patient-safety-climate-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#1
A Elsous, A Akbari Sari, Y AlJeesh, M Radwan
AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the perception of nurses about patient safety culture and to test whether it is significantly affected by the nurses' position, age, experience and working hours. BACKGROUND: Patient safety has sparked the interest of healthcare mangers, yet there is limited knowledge about the current patient safety culture among nurses in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, administering the Arabic Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006) to 210 nurses in four public general hospitals...
January 19, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095477/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013
#2
Raghid Charara, Mohammad Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ashkan Afshin, Theo Vos, Farah Daoud, Haidong Wang, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ibrahim Khalil, Randah R Hamadeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Yousef Khader, Nawal Al-Hamad, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Anwar Rafay, Rana Asghar, Saleem M Rana, Amira Shaheen, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdullatif Husseini, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Tawfik Khoja, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Mohamed Hsairi, Mahmoud A Alomari, Raghib Ali, Gholamreza Roshandel, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Samer Hamidi, Amany H Refaat, Ronny Westerman, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali S Akanda, Syed Danish Ali, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Imad A D Faghmous, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Jost B Jonas, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Alem Mehari, Saad B Omer, Farshad Pourmalek, Olalekan A Uthman, Ali A Mokdad, Fadi T Maalouf, Foad Abd-Allah, Nadia Akseer, Dinesh Arya, Rohan Borschmann, Alexandra Brazinova, Traolach S Brugha, Ferrán Catalá-López, Louisa Degenhardt, Alize Ferrari, Josep Maria Haro, Masako Horino, John C Hornberger, Hsiang Huang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Yunjin Kim, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Philip B Mitchell, George Patton, Rajesh Sagar, Maheswar Satpathy, Kim Savuon, Soraya Seedat, Ivy Shiue, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Dan J Stein, Karen M Tabb, Harvey A Whiteford, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066504/challenges-for-nurses-who-work-in-community-mental-health-centres-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#3
Mohammad Marie, Ben Hannigan, Aled Jones
BACKGROUND: Nurses in Palestine (occupied Palestinian territory) work in a significantly challenging environment. The mental health care system is underdeveloped and under-resourced. For example, the total number of nurses who work in community mental health centres in the West Bank is seventeen, clearly insufficient in a total population of approximately three million. This research explored daily challenges that Palestinian community mental health nurses (CMHNs) face within and outside their demanding workplaces...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049474/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-by-patients-with-psoriasis-in-the-west-bank-of-palestine
#4
Ramzi Shawahna, Nidal Amin Jaradat
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a frequent skin inflammatory disorder that inflicts millions of patients around the globe. To meet their healthcare needs, patients with psoriasis often seek treatment outside the allopathic paradigm. Use of medicinal plants has emerged as one of the most common and preferred modalities of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The aim of this study was to investigate the use of medicinal plants by patients with psoriasis in the West Bank of Palestine. METHODS: The current study was a questionnaire based cross-sectional descriptive study on the use of medicinal plants by psoriasis patients in the West Bank of Palestine...
January 3, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043499/complex-emergencies-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-impact-on-tuberculosis-control
#5
Akihiro Seita
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has witnessed the largest refugee crisis in history. Overall, 70% of the global refugee populations are from Palestine, Syria, Afghanistan, or Somalia. We reviewed the possible impact of such crisis on the tuberculosis situation in EMR. METHODS: We used the available data and information from the World Health Organization and other international and national institutions. RESULTS: Overall, 15 out of 22 countries in the EMR are either engulfed in complex emergencies (10 countries) or suffering from their neighbors' complex emergencies (7 countries), whereas two countries suffer from both...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999608/anticancer-activity-antioxidant-activity-and-phenolic-and-flavonoids-content-of-wild-tragopogon-porrifolius-plant-extracts
#6
Fuad Al-Rimawi, Suzi Rishmawi, Sharehan H Ariqat, Mahmoud F Khalid, Ismail Warad, Zaidoun Salah
Tragopogon porrifolius, commonly referred to as white salsify, is an edible herb used in folk medicine to treat cancer. Samples of Tragopogon porrifolius plant grown wild in Palestine were extracted with different solvents: water, 80% ethanol, and 100% ethanol. The extracts were analyzed for their total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity (AA). Four different antioxidant assays were used to evaluate AA of the extracts: two measures the reducing power of the extracts (ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and cupric reducing antioxidant power (CUPRAC)), while two other assays measure the scavenging ability of the extracts (2,2-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzothialozine-sulphonic acid (ABTS)) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH))...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988545/pamphagidae-orthoptera-acridoidea-from-the-palaearctic-region-taxonomy-classification-keys-to-genera-and-a-review-of-the-tribe-nocarodeini-i-bol%C3%A3-var
#7
Mustafa Ünal
The very rich material of Palaearctic Pamphagidae preserved in the collections including the type specimens of all taxa, the historical unidentified specimens and newly collected material have been studied. 58 genera and 295 species and subspecies are listed. The higher classification of the family is reviewed mainly based on the male phallic complex as well as the traditional and some new external characters. The tribe Haplotropiidini is transferred to the subfamily Thrinchinae. Previously synonymized subfamily Tropidaucheninae is validated as an independent tribe of Pamphaginae...
December 13, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979497/societal-norms-and-conditions-and-their-influence-on-daily-life-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-west-bank-in-palestine
#8
Kawther Elissa, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Åsa B Axelsson, Salam Khatib, Carina Sparud-Lundin
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of daily life in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their parents living in the West Bank in Palestine. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study using thematic interviews was performed with 10 children with T1D and their parents (n=10). Content analysis was performed with the assistance of NVIVO 10. RESULTS: The overall theme was facing the social reality of diabetes. This was underpinned by two themes: stigmatization and social constraints...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956069/cryptorchidism-and-pesticides-is-there-a-connection
#9
Ivana Fratrić, Jan Varga, Saša Vukmirović, Jan Suđi, Dragana Živković
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to compare the level of the most common organophosphate metabolite, dimethyl phosphate, in urine of women giving birth to both boys with cryptorchidism (study group), and healthy boys (control group), as well as to compare the level of dimethyl phosphate in our population with the results obtained in other populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After the ethical approval we included thirty women in both study and control groups...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938422/detection-and-molecular-identification-of-hepatozoon-canis-and-babesia-vogeli-from-domestic-dogs-in-palestine
#10
Kifaya Azmi, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Ahmad Abdelkader, Taher Zaid, Suheir Ereqat, Samer S Sawalha, Gad Baneth, Ziad Abdeen
Dogs serve as hosts for a great number of parasites, which may affect their health and wellbeing. This study aimed to observe tick borne pathogens in dogs from Palestine including Hepatozoon canis and Babesia species. The prevalence of both H. canis and Babesia species infections in apparently healthy dogs, from ten districts of the West Bank was surveyed. DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from dogs (n = 362) and ticks (n = 213) collected from dogs (n = 77). A primer set that amplifies a partial sequence of the Babesia and Hepatozoon 18S rRNA gene was used for PCR and the DNA sequences of the PCR products of all samples were determined...
December 12, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928510/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-patient-safety-culture-in-the-palestinian-hospitals-a-baseline-assessment-for-quality-improvement
#11
Aymen Elsous, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Yousef Aljeesh, Mahmoud Radwan, Hatem AbuZaydeh
OBJECTIVES: To measure and establish a baseline assessment of the patient safety culture in the Palestinian hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study using the Arabic version of the Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 339 nurses and physicians returned the questionnaire out of 370 achieving a response rate of 91.6%. SETTING: Four public general hospitals in the Gaza Strip, Palestine...
December 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#12
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887649/postpartum-depression-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-longitudinal-study-in-bethlehem
#13
Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler, Simon M Collin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the world, hence even low rates of PPD could have considerable national impact. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, PPD among Palestinian mothers. METHODS: 101 mothers were recruited during the registration of their child's birth (within 1 week) at the Bethlehem branch of the Ministry of Interior...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815623/facilitating-mental-health-screening-of-war-torn-populations-using-mobile-applications
#14
Bahar Hashemi, Sara Ali, Rania Awaad, Laila Soudi, Lawrence Housel, Stephen J Sosebee
BACKGROUND: War-torn populations are often hard to screen for mental health disorders. Classical data collection approaches, such as paper-based, online, or SMS-operated, are either infeasible or lack accuracy due to a variety of challenges associated with dynamics and consequences of war. METHODS: In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for accurate and fast screening using free open-source software, Open Data Kit (ODK) mobile application. This approach was developed by the Palestine Children's Relief Fund (PCRF) to assess the mental health symptoms of 986 Palestinian children (age 6-18) in the aftermath of Israel's Operation Protective Edge (OPE) in 2014...
November 4, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760709/child-discipline-in-qatar-and-palestine-a-comparative-study-of-icast-r
#15
Nehal Eldeeb, Samia Halileh, Khalid A Alyafei, Rula Ghandour, Soha Dargham, Rita Giacaman, Madeeha Kamal, Sawsan Imseeh, Mona Korayem, Shiraz Nasr, Ziyad Mahfoud, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Hassan Tawfik, Margaret A Lynch, Marcellina Mian
To compare the nature and determinants of child discipline in Qatar and Palestine among young adults through retrospective survey to develop legislation, policies and interventions for effective prevention of child maltreatment, and educational materials to promote positive discipline among parents and caregivers. Cross-sectional random household surveys were conducted in each country (Qataris N=697, Palestinians N=2064) using ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool-Retrospective (ICAST-R) for young adults (18-24 years), to investigate child discipline methods into the maltreatment range...
November 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759971/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-in-eight-arab-countries-comparison-between-two-international-standards-arabeat-2
#16
Abdulrahman O Musaiger, Mariam Al-Mannai, Ahmad R Al-Haifi, Fatima Nabag, Jalila Elati, Nada Abahussain, Reema Tayyem, Marwan Jalambo, Mofida Benhamad, Berivan Al-Mufty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in eight Arab countries. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in eight Arab countries: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia. The total sample included was 6,447 adolescents aged 15-18 years (3,111 males, 3,336 females). The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) reference standards were used to determine obesity levels...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755776/marked-subcutaneous-mast-cell-and-eosinophilic-infiltration-associated-with-the-presence-of-multiple-dirofilaria-repens-microfilariae-in-4-dogs
#17
Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Michal Reich, Adva Karnieli, Sharon Kuzi, Itamar Aroch
Dirofilaria repens is a parasitic nematode in the subcutaneous tissue of carnivores, including dogs and cats, transmitted by mosquitoes. Human beings may be accidental hosts. Infection of a dog with D repens was first reported in Palestine in 1934, and 2 additional cases were reported in dogs in Israel to date. This report describes D repens infection in 4 dogs in Israel that presented with subcutaneous masses, which were cytologically characterized by marked mast cell and eosinophil infiltration. In 3 cases, multiple microfilariae were present in the lesions; rare microfilariae were present in the 4(th) case...
December 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746296/cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-pediatric-stem-cell-transplants-report-of-a-recent-cluster-and-the-development-of-a-screening-protocol
#18
Marissa B Larochelle, Ryan Phan, John Craddock, Mark J Abzug, Donna Curtis, Christine C Robinson, Roger H Giller, Shaun Cosgrove, Frank Siringo, Emily McCourt, Alan G Palestine
PURPOSE: The incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in the pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) population is unknown. We report a cluster of 5 pediatric patients with CMV retinitis diagnosed in a 12-month period, and compare this to the rate of CMV viremia and retinitis in the four years prior. Presented is the ophthalmic screening protocol developed in response to this experience. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients at Children's Hospital of Colorado (CHCO) who received allogeneic HSCT between January 2010 and December 2014...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744531/uveitis-specialists-and-rheumatologists-select-different-therapies-for-idiopathic-non-necrotizing-anterior-scleritis
#19
Daniel J Ozzello, Jason R Kolfenbach, Alan G Palestine
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis specialists and rheumatologists treat patients with anterior scleritis, but data from controlled trials to guide management are scarce, making differences in treatment paradigms possible. METHODS: 1044 uveitis specialists and rheumatologists were surveyed regarding therapy for a patient with anterior scleritis. Respondents were asked to select first- and second-choice therapies and then reselect therapies assuming that the costs of all options were equal and that insurance approval was ensured...
December 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708696/differences-in-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-frequency-between-adolescent-palestine-refugee-and-non-refugee-populations-in-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#20
Mohammed Jawad, Ali Khader, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting as to the whether tobacco smoking prevalence is higher in refugee than non-refugee populations. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking in Palestine refugee and non-refugee adolescent populations in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank among adolescent Palestine refugees and non-refugees...
2016: Conflict and Health
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