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Basim M Ayesh, Eman Kh Zaqout, Maged M Yassin
PURPOSE: Celiac disease (CD) diagnosis can be established by serological and small bowel biopsy (SBB), while absence of HLA-DQ2 and -DQ8 haplotypes excludes the disease. The present study aims at evaluating the diagnosis of a representative sample of pediatric and adult CD patients of Gaza strip in light of DQ2 and DQ8 haplotypes expression. METHODS: Unrelated CD patients (n = 101) and matched healthy controls (n = 97) were genotyped for DQA1*05, DQB1*02 and DQB1*03:02 alleles by allele-specific real-time PCR...
November 15, 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising worldwide. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it has dire consequences for health and well-being. However, the role of diet in the origin of diabetes complications is not understood well. This study identifies major dietary patterns among type 2 diabetes patients and its association with diabetes complications in Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (both genders, aged 20-64 years), patients receiving care in primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Douglas A Jabs, Andrew Dick, John T Doucette, Amod Gupta, Susan Lightman, Peter McCluskey, Annabelle A Okada, Alan G Palestine, James T Rosenbaum, Sophia M Saleem, Jennifer Thorne, Brett Trusko
PURPOSE: To evaluate the interobserver agreement among uveitis experts on the diagnosis of the specific uveitic disease. DESIGN: Inter-observer agreement analysis METHODS: Five committees, each of 9 individuals, working in parallel, reviewed cases from a preliminary database of 25 uveitic diseases, collected by disease, and voted independently online whether the case was the disease in question or not. The agreement statistic, κ, was calculated for the 36 pairwise comparisons for each disease, and a mean κ was calculated for each disease...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Christopher D Conrady, Marissa Larochelle, Paula Pecen, Alan Palestine, Akbar Shakoor, Ajay Singh
PURPOSE: Checkpoint inhibitors are now a common treatment modality for metastatic cancer. In this manuscript, we describe the clinical features and management of autoimmune non-infectious uveitis induced by this class of drugs. METHODS: Seven patients undergoing checkpoint inhibitor treatment for metastatic cancer from uveitis practices at three tertiary referral centers. RESULTS: All seven patients developed various severities of ocular inflammatory disease while taking checkpoint inhibitors for metastatic disease...
October 27, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Harumi Kitabayashi, Chifa Chiang, Abubakr Ahmed Abdullah Al-Shoaibi, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Atsuko Aoyama
Objectives The Maternal and Child Health (MCH) handbook is an integrated home-based record allowing clients to keep records on the continuum of care for mothers and children. This study aimed to assess associations between MCH handbook ownership and receipt of selected content of antenatal care services in Palestine. Methods Distribution of the MCH handbook in Palestine was launched in 2008. We used an anonymous data set of the Palestinian Family Survey 2010 and analyzed the data of 2026 women who had live births within the past 12 months...
December 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Simon Davis
In 1927 Michael McDonnell, a diasporic Irish Catholic, was appointed Mandatory Palestine's Chief Justice, being directed to institute firm British-style legal-judicial foundations for future self-governance. This entailed common, equal status for Arab and Jewish Palestinians, implicitly de-privileging the Jewish National Home. McDonnell was resisted in this by the British Mandate's Anglo-Jewish, pro-Zionist Attorney General, Norman Bentwich. McDonnell prevailed but only at the cost of being characterized lastingly as a pro-Arab, Catholic anti-Semite...
October 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
Samar Sheriff, Hassan J Zawahrah, Lenisa V Chang, Sonay Beyatli, Haithem M Elhadi Babiker, Ashton L Roach, Natalyia Biskup, John A van Aalst
BACKGROUND: This project explores the costs of cleft lip and/or palate surgeries in Palestine and Sudan, two low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in the Middle East. Our purpose is to examine the veracity of advertisements from international cleft organizations claiming that "250 US dollars (USD) covers the cost of a single cleft surgery." We hypothesize that the actual cost of surgery is greater than 250 USD. METHODS: Costs for each cleft surgery were organized broadly into 5 categories: hospital charges, personnel (time and money spent for health professionals to travel to LMIC, including lost wages), tests, consumables, and reusables...
October 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
Haleama Al Sabbah, Sarah Khan, Abdallah Hamadna, Lamia Abu Ghazaleh, Anwar Dudin, Bashar Adnan Karmi
PURPOSE: Health care initiatives focusing on prenatal testing and premarital genetic screening aiming to reduce the incidence of β-thalassemia have emerged during the last decade. In Palestine, 4% of the population are known thalassemia carriers with new cases continuing to appear despite the availability of prenatal testing. This study aims to identify factors that influence the decision to retain or abort fetuses affected by β-thalassemia in Palestine. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to select 32 women (72 fetuses) who were at risk of having a baby with β-thalassemia...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
Adnan Lahham, Ahlam Issa, Hussein ALMasri
Radiation doses to patients resulting from chest X-ray examinations were evaluated in four medical centers in the West Bank and East Jerusalem-Palestine. Absorbed organ and effective doses were calculated for a total of 428 adult male and female patients by using commercially available Monte Carlo based softwares; CALDOSE-X5 and PCXMC-2.0, and hermaphrodite mathematical adult phantoms. Patients were selected randomly from medical records in the time period from November 2014 to February 2015. A database of surveyed patients and exposure factors has been established and includes: patient's height, weight, age, gender, X-ray tube voltage, electric current (mAs), examination projection (anterior posterior (AP), posterior anterior (PA), lateral), X-ray tube filtration thickness in each X-ray equipment, anode angle, focus to skin distance and X-ray beam size...
August 22, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Suheir I Ereqat, Ahmad A Abdelkader, Abedelmajeed F Nasereddin, Amer O Al-Jawabreh, Taher M Zaid, Ilya Letnik, Ziad A Abdeen
This study aimed at isolation of phenol degrading bacteria from olive mill wastes in Palestine. The efficiency of phenol removal and factors affecting phenol degradation were investigated. A bacterial strain (J20) was isolated from solid olive mill waste and identified as Bacillus thuringiensis based on standard morphological, biochemical characteristics and 16SrRNA sequence analysis. The strain was able to grow in a phenol concentration of 700 mg/L as the sole carbon and energy source. The culture conditions showed a significant impact on the ability of these cells to remove phenol...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Ona L McCarthy, Ola Wazwaz, Iman Jado, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Samia Adada, Amina Stavridis, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy can negatively impact women's lives and is associated with poorer health outcomes for women and children. Many women, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, continue to face obstacles in avoiding unintended pregnancy. In the State of Palestine, a survey conducted in 2006 estimated that 38% of pregnancies are unintended. In 2014, unmet need for contraception was highest among young women aged 20-24 years, at 15%. Mobile phones are increasingly being used to deliver health support...
October 3, 2017: Trials
Callum McKell, Ahmed Hankir, Ishtaiwi Abu-Zayed, Raeda Al-Issa, Amjad Awad
BACKGROUND: The Baqa'a refugee camp is the largest in Jordan, home to some 104,000 Palestine refugees. Barriers to accessing and consuming mental health services in Arab-refugees are well documented in the literature however few studies have been conducted hitherto to identify barriers for Palestine refugees with psychological problems residing in refugee camps in Jordan. AIM: To identify the barriers to accessing and consuming mental health services for Palestine refugees with psychological problems residing in Baqa'a refugee camp in Jordan and to formulate policy recommendations to overcome those barriers...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Ramzi G Salloum, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Randah Hamadeh, Justin Thomas, Aya Mostafa, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Khalid A Kheirallah, Mark M Macauda, Ryan P Theis, Lama El Kadi, Evan J Johnson, Muhammad W Darawad, Rima Nakkash
Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking rates in the Eastern Mediterranean region are some of the highest worldwide, especially among young people. This study aimed to improve our knowledge of the policy-relevant context of waterpipe smoking among six countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted in Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and the United Arab Emirates. Participants were young adult university students (18-29 years) from both genders who had ever smoked the waterpipe, recruited from universities participating in this study...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ziad Abuhelwa, Qasem Al Shaer, Sari Taha, Khubaib Ayoub, Riad Amer
Objective: To describe the characteristics of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the Palestinian population. Study design and setting: A retrospective chart review study was conducted at An-Najah National University Hospital (NNUH) during the period of January, 2014 to December, 2016. Methodology: The medical records of AML patients treated at NNUH were reviewed. All patients at least 16 years of age diagnosed with de novo AML and started on induction chemotherapy were included. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Rowa' Al-Ramahi, Bayan Hmedat, Eman Alnjajrah, Israa Manasrah, Iqbal Radwan, Maram Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medication dosing errors are a significant global concern and can cause serious medical consequences for patients. Pediatric patients are at increased risk of dosing errors due to differences in medication pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to find the rate of medication dosing errors in hospitalized pediatric patients and possible associated factors. METHOD: The study was an observational cohort study including pediatric inpatients less than 16 years from three governmental hospitals from the West Bank/Palestine during one month in 2014, and sample size was 400 pediatric inpatients from these three hospitals...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Sandra A Qatmosh, Amer A Koni, Baraa G Qeeno, Dina A Arandy, Maysa W Abu-Hashia, Bahaa M Al-Hroub, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Package inserts (PIs) as a reliable reference for patients and health care providers should provide accurate, complete and up-to-date information. The purpose of the current study is to assess and compare the PIs of antihypertensive agents locally produced in Palestine and their imported counterparts. METHODS: Thirty-five PIs were assessed for the presence of 31 information statements using a scoring method. Word counting of 20 headings and subheadings was used to evaluate and compare local and imported PIs for information quantity...
September 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
Mohammad A Al-Tamimi, Bob Rastall, Ibrahim M Abu-Reidah
Background: Essential oils (EOs) are complex mixtures of several components gifted with a wide array of biological activities. The present research was designed to evaluate whether commercial essential oils could be effective by examining their in vitro antioxidant, cytotoxic, and apoptotic properties of nine commercially available EOs in Palestine, namely, African rue, basil, chamomile, fennel, fenugreek, ginger, spearmint, sage, and thyme, and to assure their effective use. Methods: The cytotoxic activity was determined using HT29-19(A) non-muco secreting and HT29-muco secreting (MS) cell lines...
October 25, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Guido Veronese
Work and organizational psychology has long been concerned with measuring job satisfaction in organizational contexts, and this has carried across to the field of education, leading to a research focus on the work-related satisfaction of teachers. Today, a myriad of organizations continue to assess employees' job satisfaction on a routine basis (Liu, Borg, & Spector, 2004). Unfortunately, a sort of balkanization of the field has resulted in the production of dozens of specific measurement tools, making it difficult to cross-compare samples and contexts...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
Salwa Massad, Umaiyeh Khammash, Rosalyn Shute
The Bedouin population is among the most vulnerable in Palestine, subject to forced relocation and lacking basic necessities, including water and electricity. To our knowledge, there are no studies on the mental health of Palestinian Bedouin children. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted examining exposures to traumatic events and mental health among 455 refugee children between the ages of 5-16 years old, and randomly selected from 18 Bedouin communities throughout the West Bank, including East Jerusalem...
September 6, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
Mahmoud Radwan, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Amirhossein Takian, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Aymen Elsous
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious chronic disease and an important public health issue. This study aimed to identify the predominant culture within the Palestinian Primary Healthcare Centers of the Ministry of Health (PHC-MoH) and the Primary Healthcare Centers of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (PHC-UNRWA) by using the competing values framework (CVF) and examining its influence on the adherence to the Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for DM...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
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