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Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
Mohammadreza Masjedi, Elaheh Ainy, Faried Zayeri, Rogayeh Paydar
OBJECTIVES: This study conducted in 2016 aimed to assess the prevalence and incidence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A meta-analysis to evaluate the published research relating to asthma and COPD was conducted using data from 23 EMR Office (EMRO) countries and searching using the web of science, PubMed, SciVerse Scopus, Google scholar, and MEDLINE databases. The keywords entered were all EMRO countries (Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Islamic republic Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arab, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen republic, and Cyprus) and asthma OR chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) OR (chronic bronchitis)...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Madhat Farouk Abu-Alnaeem, Ismail Yusoff, Tham Fatt Ng, Yatimah Alias, May Raksmey
A comprehensive study was conducted to identify the salinization origins and the major hydrogeochemical processes controlling the salinization and deterioration of the Gaza coastal aquifer system through a combination approaches of statistical and geostatistical techniques, and detailed hydrogeochemical assessments. These analyses were applied on ten physicochemical variables for 219 wells using STATA/SE12 and Surfer softwares. Geostatistical analysis of the groundwater salinity showed that seawater intrusion along the coastline, and saltwater up-coning inland highly influenced the groundwater salinity of the study area...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Rami Darwazeh, Mazhar Darwazeh, Ibrahim Sbeih, Yi Yan, Jianmin Wang, Xiaochuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Literature about traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to missile wounds is rather scanty. Therefore, we availed ourselves the opportunity to shed some light on this dark field. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out, between September-2000 to September-2010, on 520 civilian patients who sustained TBI due to missiles in the north of Palestine. Thorough detailed analyses of patients' admission Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores, pupillary reactivity to light, site and mode of injuries, type of injurious agents, missile trajectory, method of treatment, radiological manifestations, complications and outcome were made...
May 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Kamal Dumaidi, Amer Al-Jawabreh
BACKGROUND: Pertussis caused by Bordetella pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease causing whooping cough in humans of all ages. This study reports infection rate of pertussis in Palestine between the years 2004-2008 from archived nasopharyngeal samples collected from clinically- suspected cases. METHODS: A convenience archived DNA samples collected from 267 clinically-suspected pertussis cases were investigated for B. pertussis. Laboratory diagnosis was done by examining all DNA samples using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Hamada Imtara, Youssef Elamine, Badiâa Lyoussi
The appearance of new bacterial strains which cause pathogenic diseases and which are resistant to the most used antibiotics requires probing new antibacterial agents sources. Therefore, the main aim of the present work was to follow the antibacterial activity of honey samples from Palestine and Morocco, after the combination with Origanum vulgare L. essential oil, and figure out whether the honey physicochemical parameters and geographic origin influence the final activity. The results of this study showed good geographical discrimination between the Palestinians and Moroccan honey samples...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Madeeha Kamal, Samia Halileh, Soha Dargham, Khalid A Alyafei, Rita Giacaman, Sawsan Imseeh, Nehal Eldeeb, Shiraz Nasr, Mona Korayem, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Ziyad Mahfoud, Hassan Tawfik, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Marcellina Mian, Margaret A Lynch
This paper explores child disciplinary methods used by parents in Qatar and Palestine. In this study ICAST-P, an internationally recognized tool, was used with mothers reporting on one of their children up to their 12th birthday. It questions about disciplinary methods: nonviolent; physical: moderate and severe; and psychological methods that had been used in the previous year on the index child in the family. A comparative national cross-sectional household survey of mothers aged 25-50 years old was conducted in both Qatar and Palestine, both Arabic Muslim states, but with very different socio-economic and political contexts that place Qataris in a much more advantageous position...
May 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Alaa S AlAgha, Hossam Faris, Bassam H Hammo, Ala' M Al-Zoubi
Thalassemia is considered one of the most common genetic blood disorders that has received excessive attention in the medical research fields worldwide. Under this context, one of the greatest challenges for healthcare professionals is to correctly differentiate normal individuals from asymptomatic thalassemia carriers. Usually, thalassemia diagnosis is based on certain measurable characteristic changes to blood cell counts and related indices. These characteristic changes can be derived easily when performing a complete blood count test (CBC) using a special fully automated blood analyzer or counter...
May 2, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Asma Radwan, Anwar Sweileh, We'am Shraim, Amr Hroub, Josephean Elaraj, Naser Shraim
Background Food-drug interactions can produce undesirable outcomes during the therapy process. The pharmacist is responsible for providing patients counseling about common food-drug interactions. Knowledge of such interactions is important to avoid their occurrence. Objective This study aimed to assess the knowledge and awareness of community pharmacists about common food-drug interactions. Setting Pharmacists working in community pharmacies across Northern Palestine. Method This is a cross-sectional study, which involved a convenience sample of 259 pharmacists working in community pharmacies in Palestine...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Hassan Abu-Qaoud, Nuha Shawarb, Fatima Hussen, Nidal Jaradat, Munqez Shtaya
Borago officinalis plant is an important plant of high medicinal and nutritional values. This study designed to evaluate antioxidant activity, screen the existence of phytogenic chemical compounds and to determine the total flavonoid and phenol contents of wild and cultivated Borago officinalis. Total flavonoid contents of the wild and cultivated Borago officinalis were determined by using rutin reference standard method and total phenols determined by using Folin Ciocalteu's method while antioxidant activity evaluated by using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate assay...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ona L McCarthy, Ola Wazwaz, Veronica Osorio Calderon, Iman Jado, Salokhiddin Saibov, Amina Stavridis, Jhonny López Gallardo, Ravshan Tokhirov, Samia Adada, Silvia Huaynoca, Shelly Makleff, Marieka Vandewiele, Sarah Standaert, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancies can result in poorer health outcomes for women, children and families. Young people in low and middle income countries are at particular risk of unintended pregnancies and could benefit from innovative contraceptive interventions. There is growing evidence that interventions delivered by mobile phone can be effective in improving a range of health behaviours. This paper describes the development of a contraceptive behavioural intervention delivered by mobile phone for young people in Tajikistan, Bolivia and Palestine, where unmet need for contraception is high among this group...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Max J Greenfield, Joshua Luck, Michael L Billingsley, Richard Heyes, Oliver J Smith, Afshin Mosahebi, Abu Khoussa, Ghassan Abu-Sittah, Nadine Hachach-Haram
Augmented reality (AR) is defined as "a technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user's view of the real world, thus providing a composite view."1 This case report describes how emerging AR telesurgery technologies may be used to facilitate international surgeon-surgeon collaboration and training. Here, we illustrate how a remote surgeon in Beirut, Lebanon, was able to offer assistance to a surgeon in Gaza, Palestine, during a complex hand reconstruction case following a bomb-blast injury in an 18-year-old male...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Ramzi Shawahna, Yousef Shanti, Mutassem Sharabati, Ammar Alawneh, Rakan Shaqu
AIMS: The current study was carried out to examine prevalence of complications related to diabetes mellitus (DM) and to investigate association between clinical variables and biochemical factors with complications of DM in patients treated in primary healthcare settings in the West Bank of Palestine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sociodemographic, clinical, and biochemical variables were collected from 385 patients visiting 17 primary healthcare settings in the West Bank...
April 13, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Yousef Shanti, Ithar Beshtawi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ahlam Abu-Samra, Areen Abu-Qamar, Reem Barakat, Reham Shehada
BACKGROUND: Keratoconus (KC) is a multifactorial, degenerative ectatic condition of the cornea. It usually manifests during late adolescence or the early twenties. A painless disease, KC may end with severe visual loss. The prevalence of KC in middle-eastern countries is much higher than in other regions of the world. This may be due to genetic and environmental risk factors and consanguinity. The goal of this study is to explore the demographic profile of Palestinian keratoconic patients...
April 16, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Ekaterina Zavershneva, René van der Veer
On the basis of both published and unpublished manuscripts written from 1914 to 1917, this article gives an overview of Lev Vygotsky's early ideas. It turns out that Vygotsky was very much involved in issues of Jewish culture and politics. Rather surprisingly, the young Vygotsky rejected all contemporary ideas to save the Jewish people from discrimination and persecution by creating an autonomous state in Palestine or elsewhere. Instead, until well into 1917, Vygotsky proposed the rather traditional option of strengthening the spiritual roots of the Jews by returning to the religious writings...
February 2018: History of the Human Sciences
Hinar Abu Rezeq, Lubna N Khdair, Zakaria I Hamdan, Waleed M Sweileh
Only a few studies have been published on the nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients in Arab countries. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional status and prevalence of malnutrition and its predictors among HD patients at An-Najah National University Hospital, Nablus, Palestine. A cross-sectional study was carried out on HD patients in this hospital. Seven-Point Subjective Global Assessment (7-point SGA) was used to assess the nutritional state of HD patients. Biochemical tests were obtained during the study period from medical files of the studied patients...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Andrés F Henao-Martínez, Carlos Franco-Paredes, Alan G Palestine, Jose G Montoya
We report a family who acquired acute toxoplasmosis after a trip to Central America. One member developed severe clinical manifestations including bilateral chorioretinitis, hepatitis, and myocarditis requiring therapy. Symptomatic acute toxoplasmosis is unusual and possesses a diagnostic challenge. We discuss the clinical and epidemiological implications, laboratory diagnosis, and treatment plan.
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Naji Ziad Arandi, Shockry Mustafa
Objective: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of congenitally missing lateral incisors in a sample of 2662 dental patients in Palestine. Methods: A total of 2662 digital panoramic radiographs were retrospectively examined for the presence of congenitally missing permanent lateral incisors. The radiographs were obtained from the archival records of patients attending a local dental center at the city of Nablus in Palestine. Results: The prevalence of missing lateral incisors among the examined population (n = 2662) was found to be 1...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Aeysha Bushra Chaudhry, Shakoor Hajat, Najwa Rizkallah, Ala'a Abu-Rub
Background: Vitamin A and D are essential for the proper growth and development of a child. Due to the complex political circumstances in the state of Palestine, research on micronutrient deficiency is scarce. Methods: The Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH) and UNICEF conducted a national cross-sectional survey in 2013 after the implementation of various micronutrient supplementation and fortification programs. Risk factors for levels of vitamin A ( n  = 1054) and vitamin D ( n  = 150) were assessed among children aged 6 to 59 months using chi-square tests and logistic regression with each of the outcome variables, vitamin A and D deficiencies...
2018: Conflict and Health
Falastine Abuasbi, Adnan Lahham, Issam Rashid Abdel-Raziq
This study was focused on the measurement of residential exposure to power frequency (50-Hz) electric and magnetic fields in the city of Ramallah-Palestine. A group of 32 semi-randomly selected residences distributed amongst the city were under investigations of fields variations. Measurements were performed with the Spectrum Analyzer NF-5035 and were carried out at one meter above ground level in the residence's bedroom or living room under both zero and normal-power conditions. Fields' variations were recorded over 6-min and some times over few hours...
April 1, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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