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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540769/posttraumatic-growth-is-related-to-subjective-well-being-of-aid-workers-exposed-to-cumulative-trauma-in-palestine
#1
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Irene Massaiu, Ann-Sophie De Mol, Ian Robbins
The present study examined how stress reactions after traumatic events influence subjective well-being (SWB) via the indirect effect of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in two samples of Palestinian professional helpers from the Gaza Strip and West Bank ( n = 201). Using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) as a dependent measure of well-being, and PTGI-10, PANAS-20, WHO-5 BREF, and IES-13 questionnaires as independent variables, structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to examine whether: (a) cumulative trauma was negatively and directly related to subjective well-being; (b) levels of trauma were positively and directly related to posttraumatic growth; and (c) PTG was positively and directly related to subjective well-being...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534746/offline-israel-and-palestine-a-joint-search-for-the-truth
#2
Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532706/lipogranulomatous-subconjunctival-nodules-a-novel-presentation-in-blau-syndrome
#3
Mariam Ahmad, Meghan E Hermanson, Robert Enzenauer, Alan Palestine, Clara Lin, Naomi Meeks, Emily McCourt
Blau syndrome is an early-onset granulomatous disease known to affect the skin, joints, and eyes. We report a child with diffuse rash, arthritis, and subconjunctival nodules. Biopsy of the bulbar conjunctiva revealed noncaseating lipogranulomas that lead to a diagnosis of Blau syndrome. To our knowledge, noncaseating lipogranulomas of the conjunctiva have not been reported previously as a presenting finding in Blau syndrome. Although uveitis is the classic manifestation, it is important to broaden the awareness of other ocular signs, as these variations can aid in diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512715/management-of-rainwater-harvesting-and-its-impact-on-the-health-of-people-in-the-middle-east-case-study-from-yatta-town-palestine
#4
Ilke Celik, Lina M A Tamimi, Issam A Al-Khatib, Defne S Apul
Water-related diseases are a primary problem in Palestine where many residents revert to harvested rainwater as their primary water source due to water shortages within the area. From an environmental engineering perspective, it is already well known that certain situations (e.g., cross contamination) reduce drinking water quality and ultimately cause diseases in a population. In this study, we investigated the social practices and situations that may lead to lower disease occurrence. Towards this goal, we surveyed 382 residents in Yatta to collect data on the water-related diseases that they experienced and the specific situations that might affect the disease occurrences such as the residents' practices (i) for maintaining a high quality of cistern water, (ii) for maintaining the environment around the cistern, and (iii) for managing the wastewater...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506724/validation-of-winrop-for-detecting-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-a-north-american-cohort-of-preterm-infants
#5
Jennifer L Jung, Brandie D Wagner, Emily A McCourt, Alan G Palestine, Ashlee Cerda, Jennifer H Cao, Robert W Enzenauer, Jasleen K Singh, Rebecca S Braverman, Erica Wymore, Anne M Lynch
BACKGROUND: WINROP (weight, insulin-like growth factor 1, neonatal, retinopathy of prematurity) is a web-based retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) risk algorithm that uses postnatal weight gain as a surrogate of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to predict the risk of severe ROP in premature infants. The purpose of this study was to validate the web-based algorithm WINROP in detecting severe (type 1 or type 2) ROP in a North American cohort of infants. METHODS: The records of consecutive infants who underwent ROP examinations between 2008 and 2011 were reviewed retrospectively...
May 12, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495109/health-and-health-care-in-israel-an-introduction
#6
REVIEW
A Mark Clarfield, Orly Manor, Gabi Bin Nun, Shifra Shvarts, Zaher S Azzam, Arnon Afek, Fuad Basis, Avi Israeli
Starting well before Independence in 1948, and over the ensuing six decades, Israel has built a robust, relatively efficient public system of health care, resulting in good health statistics throughout the life course. Because of the initiative of people living under the British Mandate for Palestine (1922-48), the development of many of today's health services predated the state's establishment by several decades. An extensive array of high-quality services and technologies is available to all residents, largely free at point of service, via the promulgation of the 1994 National Health Insurance Law...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482898/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-traditional-healers-and-herbalists-for-treatment-of-some-urological-diseases-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#7
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Rowa Al-Ramahi, Malik A Alqub, Fatima Hussein, Zakaria Hamdan, Mahmoud Mustafa, Mohammad Qneibi, Iyad Ali
BACKGROUND: Throughout history, every civilization in the world used plants or their derivatives for treatment or prevention of diseases. In Palestine as in many other countries, herbal medicines are broadly used in the treatment of wide range of diseases including urological diseases. The main objective of this research is to study the use of herbal remedies by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urological diseases in the West Bank regions of Palestine and to assess their efficacy and safety through the literature review of the most cited plants...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474407/emotional-display-rules-in-palestine-ingroup-outgroup-membership-status-of-interaction-partner-and-gender
#8
Sharon M Flicker, Haneen J S Ayoub, Melissa J Guynn
This study investigates emotional display rules within the Palestinian context, focusing on the seven basic emotions in a sample of 150 college students from the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Overall, participants felt that it was more appropriate to express positive emotions (happiness and surprise) than negative powerful (anger, contempt and disgust) or negative powerless (fear and sadness) emotions. They also perceived it to be more appropriate to express positive and negative powerless emotions to ingroup than outgroup members and to express negative powerful emotions to lower status compared to higher status individuals...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465263/history-of-neurosurgery-in-palestine
#9
REVIEW
Rami Darwazeh, Mazhar Darwazeh, Xiaochuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Palestinian neurosurgery started with Dr. Antone Tarazi as the first Palestinian Neurosurgeon. Before that, there were no organized neurosurgery or specialty and general surgeons were performing neurosurgical services. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the history of neurosurgery and neurosurgical applications in Palestine. We have also mentioned some weaknesses and major challenges that need improvement. METHODS: We collected the presented data from different sources which were available in either English or Arabic...
April 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458493/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-related-factors-among-adults-in-palestine-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Diane Jackson, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS)is increasingly becoming a challenging public health issue in Palestine. The current burden of MetS in the country is unknown. There has been limited research on the prevalence of MetS. This meta-analysis is the first to estimate the population prevalence of MetS and its related factors among adults in Palestine. METHODS: A PRISMA systematic search appraisal and meta-analysis were conducted. A systematic literature search of PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar was conducted in December 2014 up to February 2015...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451440/microbiological-screenings-for-infection-control-in-unaccompanied-minor-refugees-the-german-armed-forces-medical-service-s-experience
#11
Winfried Maaßen, Dorothea Wiemer, Claudia Frey, Christina Kreuzberg, Egbert Tannich, Rebecca Hinz, Andreas Wille, Andreas Fritsch, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Hagen Frickmann
BACKGROUND: The German Military Medical Service contributed to the medical screening of unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) coming to Germany in 2014 and 2015. In this study, a broad range of diagnostic procedures was applied to identify microorganisms with clinical or public health significance. Previously, those tests had only been used to screen soldiers returning from tropical deployments. This instance is the first time the approach has been studied in a humanitarian context. METHODS: The offered screenings included blood cell counts, hepatitis B serology and microscopy of the stool to look for protozoa and worm eggs as well as PCR from stool samples targeting pathogenic bacteria, protozoa and helminths...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450179/amniotic-membrane-transplants-in-the-pediatric-population
#12
Mariam S Ahmad, Garett S Frank, Eric M Hink, Alan G Palestine, Darren G Gregory, Emily A McCourt
PURPOSE: To investigate the indications for and results of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) for the treatment of ocular disease in pediatric patients at a single institution. METHODS: The medical records of patients <18 years of age who underwent AMT for ocular disease between January 1, 2003, and September 1, 2015, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were determined to have reached a clinical endpoint if there was resolution of the ocular condition being treated after AMT placement, no additional surgery required for treatment of the ocular condition, and no active disease at most recent follow-up...
April 24, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439912/older-migrants-in-exile-the-past-holding-hands-with-the-present-a-qualitative-study
#13
Dorthe Nielsen, Lisbeth Minet, Lina Zeraiq, Dlama Nggida Rasmussen, Morten Sodemann
The aim of this study was to explore the everyday life conditions experienced by older migrants and their reasons for specific age- and health-related behaviour during the conduct of everyday life. The study comprised 16 qualitative interviews with migrants aged 56-96 years from Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq and Somalia. The three themes that emerged from the conditions, meanings and reasons analysis illustrated that the older persons were trapped in various ways -without language, in fragmented families and in an unfamiliar structure...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417611/factors-enhancing-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke-in-specialized-rehabilitation-an-observational-multicenter-study-within-the-sunnaas-international-network
#14
Birgitta Langhammer, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Susanne Sällström, Frank Becker, Johan K Stanghelle
BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to serious, long-term disability. Consequently, many individuals with stroke will be in need of rehabilitation, and some of specialized rehabilitation. The content and organization of rehabilitation vary within and between countries, reflecting the preferences, customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, that may have an impact on outcomes. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of team models in specialized rehabilitation on outcomes as measured by stroke patients' performance in ADL, at a standardized time and at discharge in the various specialized rehabilitation clinics...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399918/quality-of-death-notification-forms-in-north-west-bank-palestine-a-descriptive-study
#15
Jamal A S Qaddumi, Zaher Nazzal, Allam R S Yacoup, Mahmoud Mansour
BACKGROUND: The death notification forms (DNFs) are important documents. Thus, inability to fill it properly by physicians will affect the national mortality report and, consequently, the evidence-based decision making. The errors in filling DNFs are common all over the world and are different in types and causes. We aimed to evaluate the quality of DNFs in terms of completeness and types of errors in the cause of death section. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted to review 2707 DNFs in North West Bank/Palestine during the year 2012 using data abstraction sheets...
April 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399841/building-a-research-registry-for-studying-birth-complications-and-outcomes-in-six-palestinian-governmental-hospitals
#16
Sahar Hassan, Ase Vikanes, Katariina Laine, Khaled Zimmo, Mohammad Zimmo, Espen Bjertness, Erik Fosse
BACKGROUND: Electronic-health (e-health) provides opportunities for quality improvement of healthcare, but implementation in low and middle income countries is still limited. Our aim was to describe the implementation of a registration (case record form; CRF) for obstetric interventions and childbirth events using e-health in a prospective birth cohort study in Palestine. We also report the completeness and the reliability of the data. METHODS: Data on maternal and fetal health was collected prospectively for all women admitted to give birth during the period from 1st March 2015 to 31st December 2015 in three governmental hospitals in Gaza and three in the West Bank...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343099/source-apportionments-of-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-in-israeli-jordanian-and-palestinian-cities
#17
Jongbae Heo, Bo Wu, Ziad Abdeen, Radwan Qasrawi, Jeremy A Sarnat, Geula Sharf, Kobby Shpund, James J Schauer
This manuscript evaluates spatial and temporal variations of source contributions to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian cities. Twenty-four hour integrated PM2.5 samples were collected every six days over a 1-year period (January to December 2007) in four cities in Israel (West Jerusalem, Eilat, Tel Aviv, and Haifa), four cities in Jordan (Amman, Aqaba, Rahma, and Zarka), and three cities in Palestine (Nablus, East Jerusalem, and Hebron). The PM2.5 samples were analyzed for major chemical components, including organic carbon and elemental carbon, ions, and metals, and the results were used in a positive matrix factorization (PMF) model to estimate source contributions to PM2...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338865/assessment-of-public-exposure-form-wlans-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#18
Adnan Lahham, Afifeh Sharabati, Hussein ALMasri
A total of 271 measurements were conducted at 69 different sites including homes, hospitals, educational institutions and other public places to assess the exposure to radiofrequency emission from wireless local area networks (WLANs). Measurements were conducted at different distances from 40 to 10 m from the access points (APs) in real life conditions using Narda SRM-3000 selective radiation meter. Three measurements modes were considered at 1 m distance from the AP which are transmit mode, idle mode, and from the client card (laptop computer)...
March 3, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326194/nurses-and-physicians-attitudes-toward-nurse-physician-collaboration-a-survey-from-gaza-strip-palestine
#19
Aymen Elsous, Mahmoud Radwan, Samah Mohsen
Interprofessional collaboration and teamwork between nurses and physicians is essential for improving patient outcomes and quality of health services. This study examined the attitudes of nurses and physicians toward nurse-physician collaboration. A cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses and physicians (n = 414) in two main referral public hospitals in the Gaza Strip using the Arabic Jefferson Scale of Attitude toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration. Descriptive statistics and difference of means, proportions, and correlations were examined using Student's t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation and p < 0...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251394/awareness-and-knowledge-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-pharmacists-a-cross-sectional-study-in-palestinian-pharmacy-practice
#20
Ramzi Shawahna, Basel Fahed, Dana Qadri, Lamees Sharawi, Mai Soroghli, Maen Dweik
Pharmacists are trusted and easily accessible healthcare providers. We assessed awareness and knowledge of symptoms, etiology, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among pharmacists practicing in Palestine. The pharmacists reported low familiarity with ASDs. The median score on the 12-item knowledge section was 50.0% with an interquartile range of 16.7%. Having course(s) or lecture(s) on ASDs during pharmacy degree program was significantly associated with familiarity (p value <0.001), knowledge (p value <0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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