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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631534/measuring-well-being-in-israel-and-palestine
#1
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Jamal Dagdouke, Loredana Addimando, Shaher Yagi
This work presents the psychometric properties of the Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale in a sample of 423 participants composed of Israeli Arabs and Palestinians from the West Bank/Gaza Strip. Psychometric assessment of the instrument was based on confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent and discriminant validity of Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale were also tested via administration of the General Health Questionnaire and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. The results suggest that Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale is valid, reliable, and solid from a psychometric point of view and provides an accurate assessment of respondents' well-being...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628400/west-nile-virus-seroprevalence-in-animals-in-palestine-and-israel
#2
Kifaya Azmi, Sharon Tirosh-Levy, Mu'taz Manasrah, Rotem Mizrahi, Abed Nasereddin, Amer Al-Jawabreh, Suheir Ereqat, Ziad Abdeen, Yaniv Lustig, Boris Gelman, Gili Schvartz, Amir Steinman
West Nile virus (WNV) epidemiological situation in Israel and Palestine, due to their unique location, draws attention following to the global spread of West Nile fever (WNF). Although much information is available from Israel on clinical cases and prevalence of WNV, clinical cases are rarely reported in Palestine, and prevalence is not known. The objectives of this study were to determine WNV seroprevalence in various domestic animals in Palestine and to reevaluate current seroprevalence, force of infection, and risk factors for WNV exposure in horses in Israel...
June 19, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601839/the-quality-of-reports-of-medical-and-public-health-research-from-palestinian-institutions-a-systematic-review
#3
Loai Albarqouni, Niveen Me Abu-Rmeileh, Khamis Elessi, Mohammad Obeidallah, Espen Bjertness, Iain Chalmers
OBJECTIVE: Over the past decade, there has been an increase in reports of health research from Palestine, but no assessment of their quality. We have assessed the quality of reports of Palestinian health research and factors associated with it. DESIGN: This is a systematic review. INCLUSION CRITERIA: We searched Medline and Scopus for reports of original research relevant to human health or healthcare authored by researchers affiliated with Palestinian institutions and published between January 2000 and August 2015 inclusive...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599963/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-complications-among-palestinians-with-t2dm
#4
Ahmad Abu Al-Halaweh, Nadav Davidovitch, Thomas Peter Almdal, Anna Cowan, Samah Khatib, Lana Nasser-Eddin, Ziad Baradia
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of microvascular and macrovascular complications of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Palestinians. METHODS: 1308 diagnosed T2DM attending four main Primary Health Care Clinics on the Southern West Bank of Palestine examined by a Mobile Diabetes Clinic team. All diabetes patients visiting the clinics during a one-month period for each clinic were included. Interviews, anthropometric measurements, physical examination, and laboratory tests: HbA1c, lipid profile, and kidney function tests analyzed in a central laboratory were obtained RESULTS: 1308 diabetes patients, including 839 females (64%), with a mean age of 57 years (SD=8...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581391/radiation-therapy-in-palestine-not-only-money-but-also-real-accessibility
#5
Maurizio Portaluri, Niveen Abu-Rmeileh, Emilio Gianicolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573229/analysis-of-phenolic-and-flavonoids-of-wild-ephedra-alata-plant-extracts-by-lc-pda-and-lc-ms-and-their-antioxidant-activity
#6
Fuad Al-Rimawi, Saleh Abu-Lafi, Jehad Abbadi, Ayman A A Alamarneh, Raneen A Sawahreh, Imad Odeh
BACKGROUND: Ephedra is among Palestinian medicinal plants that are traditionally used in folkloric medicine for treating many diseases. Ephedra is known to have antibacterial and antioxidant effects. The goal of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant activity of different extracts from the Ephedra alata plant growing wild in Palestine, and to analyze their phenolic and flavonoid constituents by HPLC/PDA and HPLC/MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of the Ephedra alata plant grown wild in Palestine were extracted with three different solvents namely, 100% water, 80% ethanol, and 100% ethanol...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560196/psychometric-soundness-of-an-arabic-version-of-the-jefferson-scale-of-attitude-toward-physician-and-nurse-collaboration-jsapnc-a-preliminary-study
#7
Aymen Elsous, Ali Akbari Sari, Mahmoud Radwan, Samah Mohsen, Hatem Abu Zaydeh
BACKGROUND: The Jefferson Scale of Attitude toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration (JSAPNC) has been used to measure the attitude regarding collaboration between nurses and physicians. The aim of this preliminary study was to test the reliability and validity of an Arabic version of the questionnaire and adapt it for use in Palestine. METHODS: Forward-backward translation of guidelines provided in the literature was followed. Content validity was examined by nine health experts and reliability was assessed with Cronbach's coefficient alpha; test-retest reliability...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558719/treatment-adherence-and-perception-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study-from-palestine
#8
Karam Sh Naalweh, Mohammad A Barakat, Moutaz W Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Adherence to diet recommendations, fluid restriction, prescribed medications, and attendance at hemodialysis (HD) sessions are essential for optimal and effective treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease. No data regarding this issue are available from Palestine. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess adherence to diet, fluid restriction, medications, and HD sessions. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of HD patients at An-Najah National University Hospital was carried out during summer, 2016...
May 30, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557015/palestinian-community-perceptions-of-do-not-resuscitation-order-for-terminally-ill-patients-a-qualitative-study
#9
Intima Alrimawi, Ahmad Rajeh Saifan, Raghad Abdelkader, Abdul-Monim Batiha
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to illustrate the Palestinian community's views, opinions and stances about the concept of do not resuscitate (DNR) for terminally ill patients. BACKGROUND: DNR orders are practiced in many countries worldwide, but there is no consensus on their practice in the Middle East. DNR orders may be applied for terminally ill pediatric patients. Some studies have been conducted describing people's experiences with these DNR orders. However, few studies have considered community perspectives on DNR orders for terminally ill patients in Palestine...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550979/status-of-blood-transfusion-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-region-who-emr-successes-and-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Arezoo Darbandi, Pargol Mashati, Amir Yami, Arshia Gharehbaghian, Mehdi Tabrizi Namini, Ahmad Gharehbaghian
BACKGROUND: Blood products are used for patient treatment and survival in the cases of major surgery, hematological disorders or cancer therapy. Presently the main blood components are not yet replaceable by artificial products and all activities related to blood transfusion is highly dependent on the healthcare development of each country. The World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO-EMR) comprises of 21 member states with variable socio-economic status effective on blood transfusion activities...
May 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545834/the-relationship-of-the-subtypes-of-preterm-birth-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#11
Anne M Lynch, Brandie D Wagner, Jennifer K Hodges, Tamara S Thevarajah, Emily A McCourt, Ashlee M Cerda, Naresh Mandava, Ronald S Gibbs, Alan G Palestine
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity is an adverse outcome of preterm birth and is a leading cause of childhood blindness. The relationship between the subtypes of preterm birth with retinopathy of prematurity is understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a difference in the incidence of type 1 or type 2 retinopathy of prematurity in infants with preterm birth resulting from spontaneous preterm labor, a medical indication of preterm birth, or preterm premature rupture of the membranes...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540769/posttraumatic-growth-is-related-to-subjective-well-being-of-aid-workers-exposed-to-cumulative-trauma-in-palestine
#12
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Irene Massaiu, Ann-Sophie De Mol, Ian Robbins
The present study examined how stress reactions after traumatic events influence subjective well-being (SWB) via the indirect effect of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in two samples of Palestinian professional helpers from the Gaza Strip and West Bank ( nā€‰=ā€‰201). Using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) as a dependent measure of well-being, and PTGI-10, PANAS-20, WHO-5 BREF, and IES-13 questionnaires as independent variables, structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to examine whether: (a) cumulative trauma was negatively and directly related to subjective well-being; (b) levels of trauma were positively and directly related to posttraumatic growth; and (c) PTG was positively and directly related to subjective well-being...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534746/offline-israel-and-palestine-a-joint-search-for-the-truth
#13
Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532706/lipogranulomatous-subconjunctival-nodules-a-novel-presentation-in-blau-syndrome
#14
Mariam Ahmad, Meghan E Hermanson, Robert Enzenauer, Alan Palestine, Clara Lin, Naomi Meeks, Emily McCourt
Blau syndrome is an early-onset granulomatous disease known to affect the skin, joints, and eyes. We report a child with diffuse rash, arthritis, and subconjunctival nodules. Biopsy of the bulbar conjunctiva revealed noncaseating lipogranulomas that lead to a diagnosis of Blau syndrome. To our knowledge, noncaseating lipogranulomas of the conjunctiva have not been reported previously as a presenting finding in Blau syndrome. Although uveitis is the classic manifestation, it is important to broaden the awareness of other ocular signs, as these variations can aid in diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512715/management-of-rainwater-harvesting-and-its-impact-on-the-health-of-people-in-the-middle-east-case-study-from-yatta-town-palestine
#15
Ilke Celik, Lina M A Tamimi, Issam A Al-Khatib, Defne S Apul
Water-related diseases are a primary problem in Palestine where many residents revert to harvested rainwater as their primary water source due to water shortages within the area. From an environmental engineering perspective, it is already well known that certain situations (e.g., cross contamination) reduce drinking water quality and ultimately cause diseases in a population. In this study, we investigated the social practices and situations that may lead to lower disease occurrence. Towards this goal, we surveyed 382 residents in Yatta to collect data on the water-related diseases that they experienced and the specific situations that might affect the disease occurrences such as the residents' practices (i) for maintaining a high quality of cistern water, (ii) for maintaining the environment around the cistern, and (iii) for managing the wastewater...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506724/validation-of-winrop-for-detecting-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-a-north-american-cohort-of-preterm-infants
#16
Jennifer L Jung, Brandie D Wagner, Emily A McCourt, Alan G Palestine, Ashlee Cerda, Jennifer H Cao, Robert W Enzenauer, Jasleen K Singh, Rebecca S Braverman, Erica Wymore, Anne M Lynch
BACKGROUND: WINROP (weight, insulin-like growth factor 1, neonatal, retinopathy of prematurity) is a web-based retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) risk algorithm that uses postnatal weight gain as a surrogate of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to predict the risk of severe ROP in premature infants. The purpose of this study was to validate the web-based algorithm WINROP in detecting severe (type 1 or type 2) ROP in a North American cohort of infants. METHODS: The records of consecutive infants who underwent ROP examinations between 2008 and 2011 were reviewed retrospectively...
May 12, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495109/health-and-health-care-in-israel-an-introduction
#17
REVIEW
A Mark Clarfield, Orly Manor, Gabi Bin Nun, Shifra Shvarts, Zaher S Azzam, Arnon Afek, Fuad Basis, Avi Israeli
Starting well before Independence in 1948, and over the ensuing six decades, Israel has built a robust, relatively efficient public system of health care, resulting in good health statistics throughout the life course. Because of the initiative of people living under the British Mandate for Palestine (1922-48), the development of many of today's health services predated the state's establishment by several decades. An extensive array of high-quality services and technologies is available to all residents, largely free at point of service, via the promulgation of the 1994 National Health Insurance Law...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482898/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-traditional-healers-and-herbalists-for-treatment-of-some-urological-diseases-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#18
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Rowa Al-Ramahi, Malik A Alqub, Fatima Hussein, Zakaria Hamdan, Mahmoud Mustafa, Mohammad Qneibi, Iyad Ali
BACKGROUND: Throughout history, every civilization in the world used plants or their derivatives for treatment or prevention of diseases. In Palestine as in many other countries, herbal medicines are broadly used in the treatment of wide range of diseases including urological diseases. The main objective of this research is to study the use of herbal remedies by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urological diseases in the West Bank regions of Palestine and to assess their efficacy and safety through the literature review of the most cited plants...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474407/emotional-display-rules-in-palestine-ingroup-outgroup-membership-status-of-interaction-partner-and-gender
#19
Sharon M Flicker, Haneen J S Ayoub, Melissa J Guynn
This study investigates emotional display rules within the Palestinian context, focusing on the seven basic emotions in a sample of 150 college students from the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Overall, participants felt that it was more appropriate to express positive emotions (happiness and surprise) than negative powerful (anger, contempt and disgust) or negative powerless (fear and sadness) emotions. They also perceived it to be more appropriate to express positive and negative powerless emotions to ingroup than outgroup members and to express negative powerful emotions to lower status compared to higher status individuals...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465263/history-of-neurosurgery-in-palestine
#20
REVIEW
Rami Darwazeh, Mazhar Darwazeh, Xiaochuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Palestinian neurosurgery started with Dr. Antone Tarazi as the first Palestinian Neurosurgeon. Before that, there were no organized neurosurgery or specialty and general surgeons were performing neurosurgical services. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the history of neurosurgery and neurosurgical applications in Palestine. We have also mentioned some weaknesses and major challenges that need improvement. METHODS: We collected the presented data from different sources which were available in either English or Arabic...
April 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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