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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#1
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730069/exploration-of-the-academic-lives-of-students-with-disabilities-at-south-african-universities-lecturers-perspectives
#2
Oliver Mutanga, Melanie Walker
BACKGROUND: A decade has passed since South Africa signed and ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a human rights treaty that protects the rights and dignity of people with disabilities. However, not much have changed for students with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with, and perspectives on, disability as well as with students with disabilities. It was hoped that this would contribute to the ongoing policy debates about diversity, inclusion and support for students with disabilities at universities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724027/-the-beginning-of-human-life-ethical-and-legal-perspectives-in-the-context-of-biotechnological-progress
#3
Vicente de Paulo Barretto, Elis Cristina Uhry Lauxen
Questions concerning the beginning of human life have pervaded society since antiquity. In the post-modern world, scientific and technological advances have fueled discussions on the issue, such that debates previously concentrated on abortion now also focus on biotechnological interventions. The article addresses the latter, reflecting on the extent to which human dignity can be considered a (hermeneutic) reference in establishing ethical and legal parameters for biotechnological advances in the definition of the beginning of human life...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719248/the-efficacy-of-dignity-therapy-on-the-psychological-well-being-in-loved-ones-of-terminally-ill-patients
#4
Miguel Julião
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718858/donationsutredningen-%C3%A3-ppnar-f%C3%A3-r-nya-organdonatorer-kr%C3%A3-ver-reflexion-om-m%C3%A3-nniskov%C3%A3-rdesprincipen-och-samtycke
#5
Stellan Welin
Swedish white paper on donation can give more donors without compromising ethics The White Paper on organ donation (SOU 2015:84) proposes new regulations for organ donation. In particular it spells out that it is permissible to take medical steps to preserve organs while the patient is still alive. It is proposed that this should be allowed after the medical team has declared that the continuation of life sustaining treatment is futile. The white paper opens up for donation after cardiac death. There has been some critique of the white paper for lack of deeper ethical discussions...
July 14, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716617/dignity-therapy-and-life-review-for-palliative-care-patients-a-qualitative-study
#6
Dean Vuksanovic, Heather Green, Shirley Morrissey, Sharelle Smith
CONTEXT: Dignity Therapy (DT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention whose aim is to bolster the sense of purpose, meaning and sense of dignity in patients with terminal disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore, compare and better understand the content of standard DT, waitlist DT (WDT) and Life Review (LR) that utilised the DT interview protocol but omitted the creation of legacy documents. METHODS: Efficacy of these interventions was previously documented in a sample of 56 participants...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714281/the-ethics-and-politics-of-patient-physician-mistrust-in-contemporary-china
#7
Yunxiang Yan
Focusing on the shared sense of victimization and disadvantage-ness by both patients and doctors/medical workers in cases of medical conflicts, this paper aims to examine the current patient-doctor tensions in the larger context of moral transformation in Chinese society since the 1980s. Although the decline of public trust in certain aspects is closely associated with the impact of commodification and commercialization of medical sector during the past two decades, other factors play important role as well...
July 17, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711753/psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-version-of-the-patient-dignity-inventory-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#8
Efi Parpa, Sotiria Kostopoulou, Eleni Tsilika, Antonis Galanos, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Kyriaki Mystakidou
CONTEXT: The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) is an instrument to measure dignity distressing aspects at the end of life. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study was the translation of the PDI in Greek language as well as to measure its psychometric aspects in a palliative care unit. METHODS: A back-translation method was obtained at the Greek version. 120 advanced cancer patients completed the Greek version of the PDI, the Greek Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Gr-HADS), The Greek Schedule of attitudes towards hastened death (SAHD-Gr) and the Greek SF-12 (Short Form Health Survey: SF-12)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707631/-in-our-own-words-defining-medical-professionalism-from-a-latin-american-perspective
#9
Klaus Puschel, Paula Repetto, Margarita Bernales, Jorge Barros, Ivan Perez, Linda Snell
BACKGROUND: Latin America has experienced a tremendous growth in a number of medical schools, and there are concerns about their quality of training in critical areas such as professionalism. Medical professionalism is a cultural construct. The aim of the study was to compare published definitions of medical professionalism from Latin American and non-Latin American regions and to design an original and culturally sound definition. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used with three phases...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707554/a-battle-of-words-dignity-and-peace-in-the-writings-of-elisabeth-k%C3%A3-bler-ross
#10
Daniel Burnier
This article analyzes the writings of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross through the discursive lens of the phrase "dying with dignity." For her, the phrase meant allowing someone to die comfortably his/her own death. This phrase has to be understood in relationship with the final "stage of acceptance" of her model. Describing this key part of her well-known scientific output, she often used, in the early 1970s, the phrase "dying in peace and dignity." An evaluation of the evidence suggests that because the concept of dignity was co-opted by the pro-euthanasia movement during this decade, the language of dignity was little by little abandoned by her...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707453/dignity-is-a-useful-concept-for-bioethics
#11
EDITORIAL
Debora Diniz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706540/the-relationship-between-dignity-status-and-quality-of-life-in-iranian-terminally-ill-patients-with-cancer
#12
Abbas Hosseini, Masoud Rezaei, Masoud Bahrami, Mohammad Abbasi, Hesammodin Hariri
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is an approach that has been used to care for terminally ill patients. The current study was performed to assess the association between the status of patient dignity and quality of life (QOL) in Iranian terminally ill patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive correlational study was conducted on 210 end-stage cancer patients (102 men and 108 women) who were referred to Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, in 2015...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702981/between-history-and-gossip-the-state-of-women-relative-to-syphilis-a-traditionally-male-disease
#13
M Rovesti, F Satolli, A Zucchi, M Gandolfi, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, M Boccalari, K França, J Lotti, N Zerbinati, T Lotti, C Feliciani
Despite the new World Health Organization data remind us how syphilis is a disease which affects both sexes equally, this pathology has always been mainly considered a male disease. While several famous men are known to be affected by syphilis, there are very few women affected by this pathology of which we have historical records. Through the lives of Mary Todd Lincoln, Catherine of Aragon, Karen Blixen and Florence Foster Jenkins, this article would like to grant dignity to all the women who contracted syphilis in the wrong historical era where, for a woman, admitting to contracting it was shameful...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698998/does-organ-selling-violate-human-dignity
#14
Zümrüt Alpinar-Şencan, Holger Baumann, Nikola Biller-Andorno
Shortages in the number of donated organs after death and the growing number of end-stage organ failure patients on waiting lists call for looking at alternatives to increase the number of organs that could be used for transplantation purposes. One option that has led to a legal and ethical debate is to have regulated markets in human organs. Opponents of a market in human organs offer different arguments that are mostly founded on contingent factors that can be adjusted. However, some authors have asked the question whether we still have a reason to believe that there is something wrong with offering human organs for sale for transplantation purposes, even if the circumstances under which the practice takes place are improved...
July 11, 2017: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698756/treatment-of-decubitis-ulcer-stage-iv-in-the-patient-with-polytrauma-and-vertical-share-pelvic-fracture-diagnosed-entherocollitis-and-deep-wound-infection-with-clostridium-difficile-with-combined-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-npwt-and-faecal-management-system
#15
Slavcho Stojmenski, Igor Merdzanovski, Andrej Gavrilovski, Sofija Pejkova, Gjorge Dzokic, Smilja Tudzarova
AIM: The aim of this paper was to present a case with the successful treatment of decubitis ulcer stage IV in the patient with polytrauma and vertical share pelvic fracture and diagnosed entherocollitis combined with deep wound infection with Clostridium difficile treated with combined Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) and faecal management system. CASE REPORT: Patient D.S.1967 treated on Traumatology Clinic after tentamen suicide on 9.2.2015 with diagnosis: brain contusion; contusion of thoracal space; vertical share pelvic fracture; open fracture type II of the right calcaneus; fracture of the left calcaneus; fracture on the typical place of the left radius; fracture of the right radius with dislocation...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698062/the-clandestine-multiple-graves-in-malaysia-the-first-mass-identification-operation-of-human-skeletal-remains
#16
Mohd Suhani Mohd Noor, Lay See Khoo, Wan Zafirah Zamaliana Alias, Ahmad Hafizam Hasmi, Mohamad Azaini Ibrahim, Mohd Shah Mahmood
The first ever mass identification operation of skeletal remains conducted for the clandestine graves in Malaysia consisted of 165 individuals unearthed from 28 human trafficking transit camps located in Wang Kelian, along the Thai-Malaysia border. A DVI response was triggered in which expert teams comprising of pathologists, anthropologists, odontologists, radiologists and DNA experts were gathered at the identified operation centre. The Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Alor Star, Kedah, located approximately 75km away from Wang Kelian, was temporarily converted into a victim identification centre (VIC) as it is the nearest available forensic facility to the mass grave site...
May 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691916/social-and-ethical-aspects-of-forensic-genetics-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
R Williams, M Wienroth
This review describes the social and ethical responses to the history of innovations in forensic genetics and their application to criminal investigations. Following an outline of the three recurrent social perspectives that have informed these responses (crime management, due process, and genetic surveillance), it goes on to introduce the repertoire of ethical considerations by describing a series of key reports that have shaped subsequent commentaries on forensic DNA profiling and databasing. Four major ethical concerns form the focus of the remainder of the paper (dignity, privacy, justice, and social solidarity), and key features of forensic genetic practice are examined in the light of these concerns...
July 2017: Forensic Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687082/experiences-of-inequitable-care-among-afghan-mothers-surviving-near-miss-morbidity-in-tehran-iran-a-qualitative-interview-study
#18
Soheila Mohammadi, Aje Carlbom, Robabeh Taheripanah, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Providing equitable maternal care to migrants is a seriously challenging task for hosting countries. Iran, the second-most accessed country for refugees from Afghanistan, has achieved maternal health improvement. However, Afghan women with near-miss morbidity faced pre-hospital delays and disparity in maternal care at hospitals. This study explores experiences of maternal care among Afghan women surviving near-miss morbidity to increase insight into healthcare improvements for migrants...
July 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683109/18-f-fdg-pet-mr-imaging-in-patients-with-suspected-liver-lesions-value-of-liver-specific-contrast-agent-gadobenate-dimeglumine
#19
Julian Kirchner, Lino M Sawicki, Cornelius Deuschl, Johannes Grüneisen, Karsten Beiderwellen, Thomas C Lauenstein, Ken Herrmann, Michael Forsting, Philipp Heusch, Lale Umutlu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the added value of the application of the liver-specific contrast phase of Gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) for detection and characterization of liver lesions in 18F-FDG PET/MRI. METHODS: 41 patients with histologically confirmed solid tumors and known / suspected liver metastases or not classifiable lesions in 18F-FDG PET/CT were included in this study. All patients underwent a subsequent Gd-BOPTA enhanced 18F-FDG PET/MRI examination. MRI without liver-specific contrast phase (MRI1), MRI with liver-specific contrast phase (MRI2), 18F-FDG PET/MRI without liver-specific contrast phase (PET/MRI1) and with liver-specific contrast phase (PET/MRI2) were separately evaluated for suspect lesions regarding lesion dignity, characterization, conspicuity and confidence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678911/assessment-of-the-responsiveness-of-a-public-health-service-from-the-perspective-of-older-adults
#20
Denise da Silva Melo, René Duarte Martins, Renata Patrícia Freitas Soares de Jesus, Isabella Chagas Samico, Antônio Carlos Gomes do Espírito Santo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of health care of older adults using as a parameter the assessment of the responsiveness of the service. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in a reference unit of the Brazilian Unified Health System at the outpatient level. The sample was probabilistic and had 385 older adults; data collection occurred in 2014. The domains assessed were: choice, autonomy, confidentiality, dignity, communication, physical facilities, and fast service...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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