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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#1
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230575/patients-and-care-partners-perspectives-on-dignity-and-respect-during-acute-care-hospitalization
#2
Priscilla K Gazarian, Constance R C Morrison, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Orly Tamir, David W Bates, Ronen Rozenblum
BACKGROUND: Delivering patient-centered care (PCC) is essential to our healthcare system. Patient dignity and respect are foundational elements of PCC. Understanding patients' and their care partner's perspectives on the meaning of dignity and respect within a clinical care environment is critical to achieving our goal of PCC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand how patients and their care partners define, describe, and experience dignity and respect during hospitalization...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219266/does-the-english-law-on-abortion-affront-human-dignity
#3
Charles Foster
The English law on abortion is examined through four lenses manufactured by the principle of dignity. Those lenses are embodiment, relationality, story and a transactional, rather than an atomistic, approach to the ascertaining of the relevant interests. It is contended that this approach gives more nuanced, humane, intellectually satisfactory and pastorally satisfactory answers than those generated by the existing law. It is further argued that only this dignity-based approach is compatible with that mandated by Article 8 of the ECHR...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219265/womb-rentals-and-baby-selling-does-surrogacy-undermine-the-human-dignity-and-rights-of-the-surrogate-mother-and-child
#4
Clara Watson
The question of surrogacy has dominated much of the European human rights agenda over the last two years, at the time writing, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe hopes to adopt a resolution on surrogacy in the coming months. There is, however, danger in taking action at a supranational level to address the European 'surrogacy problem', without first honestly answering the question: does surrogacy undermine the human dignity and rights of the surrogate mother and child? This paper presents the case that surrogacy, by its nature, necessarily undermines the human dignity of both the woman and child born through such arrangements, and thus neither commercial nor altruistic surrogacy can ever be justified...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216768/competence-to-stand-trial-an-overview
#5
REVIEW
Steven K Hoge
The legal concept of competence to stand trial has ancient roots. The history of this legal construct in Anglo-Saxon law will be reviewed. A competent defendant is a requirement of the criminal justice system because it reflects interests related to the dignity of the process, the accuracy of adjudication, and respect for the autonomy of defendants. In the United States, legal decisions have established the contours of the requirements related to competent participation in adjudication. Forensic psychiatrists have operationalized the requirements for assessment purposes...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#6
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215044/developing-caring-conversations-in-care-homes-an-appreciative-inquiry
#7
Belinda Dewar, Tamsin MacBride
Relationship-centred practice is key to delivering quality care in care homes. Evidence is strong about the centrality of human interaction in developing relationships that promote dignity and compassion. The Caring Conversations framework is a framework for delivering compassionate care based on human interactions that was developed in the acute healthcare setting. The key attributes are: be courageous, connect emotionally, be curious, consider other perspectives, collaborate, compromise and celebrate. This paper reports on a study to explore its relevance to the care home setting and the development of an educational intervention, based on the framework, to enhance development of human interaction...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211805/diagnostic-accuracy-and-interobserver-variability-of-dynamic-vascular-pattern-dvp-in-primary-liver-malignancies-a-simple-semiquantitative-tool-for-the-analysis-of-contrast-enhancement-patterns
#8
B Schellhaas, M J Waldner, R S GÖrtz, F Vitali, Ch Kielisch, L Pfeifer, D Strobel, R Janka, M F Neurath, D Wildner
BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a valuable tool in the diagnostic approach of focal liver lesions, but occasionally subjective and observer-dependent. Semiquantitative evaluation of dynamic CEUS (DCEUS) with standardised software programmes such as Dynamic Vascular Pattern (DVP) could help to improve diagnostic accuracy and objectivity in liver tumour assessment. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of DVP in a clinical setting...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#9
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202233/practice-makes-perfect-a-systematic-review-of-the-expertise-development-of-pharmacist-and-nurse-independent-prescribers-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
REVIEW
Aseel S Abuzour, Penny J Lewis, Mary P Tully
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex and error-prone task that demands expertise. McLellan et al.'s theory of expertise development model ("the model"), developed to assess medical literature on prescribing by medical students, proposes that in order to develop, individuals should deliberately engage their knowledge, skills and attitudes within a social context. Its applicability to independent prescribers (IP) is unknown. AIM: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether the model is applicable to non-medical independent prescribing and to assess the factors underpinning expertise development reported in the literature...
February 7, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198968/effects-of-dignity-therapy-on-terminally-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#11
Suzana Cristina Teixeira Donato, Jéssica Yumi Matuoka, Camila Cristófero Yamashita, Marina de Goés Salvetti
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the evidence of the effects of dignity therapy onterminally ill patients. METHOD: A Systematic review of the literature conducted using the search strategy in six databases. Inclusion criteria were primary studies, excluding literature reviews (systematic or not) and conceptual articles. RESULTS: Ten articles were analyzed regarding method, results and evidence level. Dignity therapy improved the sense of meaning andpurpose, will to live, utility, quality of life, dignity and family appreciationin studies with a higher level of evidence...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198964/a-qualitative-exploration-of-facilitators-and-inhibitors-influencing-nurses-intention-to-leave-clinical-nursing
#12
Leyla Alilu, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Hosein Habibzadeh, Mark Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and facilitators shaping the development of an intent to leave the nursing profession, from the perspective of Iran's clinical nurses. METHOD: The study was completed using qualitative content analysis And included 21 Participants who were clinical nurses with a variety of work experience across a range of clinical posts. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data and data obtained from the interviews were analyzed and interpreted utilizing a content analysis method...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198942/normative-analysis-of-the-voice-of-children-in-brazilian-child-protection-legislation
#13
Renata de Moura Bubadué, Ivone Evangelista Cabral, Franco Carnevale, Felipe Dutra Asensi
Objective: to identify and analyse children's voices in healthcare decision making in the discourse of Brazil's child protection laws. Method: Documentary normative analysis of Brazil's child protection legislation (1988-2012) based on the content analysis of nine texts, conducted in 2015. Results: The legislation acknowledges and stresses the voice of children in the decision-making process in research and healthcare. Any recognition of the right to dignity, liberty, information, and protection depends on what the adult decision-maker (with parental authority) believes is the child's capacity for discernment and whether the situation will cause self-harm...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196454/quality-of-life-and-ethics
#14
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
BACKGROUND: In health, ethics is an essential aspect of practice and care and guarantees a better quality of life for patients and their caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To outline a conceptual analysis of quality of life and ethics, identifying attributes, contexts and magnitudes for health. METHOD: A qualitative design about quality of life and ethics in health, considering the evolutionary approach in order to analyse the concept. To collect the data, a search was done using the keywords ethic*, quality of life and health...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192554/using-patient-centered-care-after-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-trisomy-18-or-trisomy-13-a-review
#15
Shelly Haug, Mitchell Goldstein, Denise Cummins, Elba Fayard, T Allen Merritt
Importance: Patient-centered care (PCC) has been advocated by the Institute of Medicine to improve health care in the United States. Four concepts of PCC align with clinical ethics principles and are associated with enhanced patient/parent satisfaction. These concepts are dignity and respect, information sharing, participation, and collaboration. The objective of this article is to use the PCC approach as a framework for an extensive literature review evaluating the current status of counseling regarding prenatal diagnosis of trisomy 18 (T18) or trisomy 13 (T13) and to advocate PCC in the care of these infants...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191345/holistic-care-for-patients-during-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-a-qualitative-study
#16
Ali Khalafi, Nasrin Elahi, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Weaning patients from mechanical ventilation is a complex and highly challenging process. It requires continuity of care, the overall assessment of patients, and a focus on all aspects of patients' needs by critical care nurses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore holistic care while patients are being weaned from mechanical ventilation from the perspective of the critical care nurses. METHODS: The study was carried out in the intensive care units (ICUs) of six hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran, from 2014 to 2015...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190696/ethical-issues-in-research
#17
REVIEW
Raul Artal, Sheldon Rubenfeld
Biomedical research is currently guided by ethical standards that have evolved over many centuries. Historical and political events, social and legal considerations, and continuous medical and technological advances have led to the prevailing research ethics and practice. Currently, patients and research subjects have complete autonomy while under medical care or when volunteering as research subjects. Enrolling volunteers in human subjects research includes a detailed and meaningful informed consent process that follows the cardinal principles of ethics: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice...
January 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186482/the-acceptability-of-the-intervention-revie-%C3%A2-the-nurses%C3%A2-perceptions-and-experiences
#18
Maria Goreti Da Rocha Rodrigues, Sophie Colin, Maya Shaha, Sophie Pautex
Persons with advanced cancer experience high levels of existential distress due to being confronted with their mortality, which leads to feelings of lack of sense, or discouragement. It is important to develop interventions to relieve existential distress to promote the dignity of persons with advanced cancer in order to help them live this difficult experience in the best possible way. A new intervention, called Revie ⊕ and conducted by nurses, was developed. A feasibility study was conducted with 41 patients with advanced cancer in the ambulatory and hospital sector of a university hospital in Switzerland to determine the acceptability of Revie ⊕...
1, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182276/human-dignity-and-human-enhancement-a-multidimensional-approach
#19
David G Kirchhoffer
In the debates concerning the ethics of human enhancement through biological or technological modifications, there have been several appeals to the concept of human dignity, both by those favouring such enhancement and by those opposing it. The result is the phenomenon of 'dignity talk', where opposing sides both appeal to the concept of human dignity to ground their arguments resulting in a moral impasse. This article examines the use of the concept of human dignity in the enhancement debates and reveals that the problem of dignity talk arises because proponents of various positions tend to ground human dignity in different features of the human individual...
February 9, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182266/words-matter-restoring-respect-and-dignity-when-referring-to-individuals-with-cancer
#20
Lee M Ellis, Charles D Blanke, Elise C Kohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Cancer
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