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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331954/dynamics-of-dignity-and-safety-a-discussion
#1
Dawn Goodwin, Jessica Mesman, Marian Verkerk, Suzanne Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322796/pitfalls-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-determination-of-breast-tumor-biological-dignity
#2
V Lehotska, K Rauova, L Vanovcanova
The aim of this prospective study was to identify characteristics of breast lesions on contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) that can be a source of diagnostic ambiguity and cause under- or overestimation of examined breast lesions. 215 women (range 23-76 y., mean age 53.16 y) with 215 breast lesions were examined by B-mode ultrasound, followed by CEUS and core biopsy. CEUS parameters: degree of opacification, character of washout and preliminary CEUS result (suspicious, non-suspicious, uncertain) were subsequently correlated with histopathological outcomes...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304252/disrespectful-and-abusive-treatment-during-facility-delivery-in-tanzania-a-facility-and-community-survey
#3
Margaret E Kruk, Stephanie Kujawski, Godfrey Mbaruku, Kate Ramsey, Wema Moyo, Lynn P Freedman
Although qualitative studies have raised attention to humiliating treatment of women during labour and delivery, there are no reliable estimates of the prevalence of disrespectful and abusive treatment in health facilities. We measured the frequency of reported abusive experiences during facility childbirth in eight health facilities in Tanzania and examined associated factors. The study was conducted in rural northeastern Tanzania. Using a structured questionnaire, we interviewed women who had delivered in health facilities upon discharge and re-interviewed a randomly selected subset 5-10 weeks later in the community...
January 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301481/public-awareness-of-palliative-care-in-sweden
#4
Caroline Westerlund, Carol Tishelman, Inger Benkel, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulla Molander, Birgit H Rasmussen, Sylvia Sauter, Olav Lindqvist
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of palliative care (PC) in a general Swedish population. DESIGN: We developed an e-survey based on a similar study conducted in Northern Ireland, consisting of 10 questions. Closed questions were primarily analyzed using descriptive statistics. Open questions were subject to inductive qualitative analysis. SUBJECTS: The study utilized a population sample of 7684 persons aged 18-66, of which 2020 responded, stratified by gender, age and region...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291191/experiences-of-unemployment-and-well-being-after-job-loss-during-economic-recession-results-of-a-qualitative-study-in-east-central-sweden
#5
Anne-Sofie Hiswåls, Anneli Marttila, Emelie Mälstam, Gloria Macassa
Introduction: Several studies have revealed an association between unemployment and ill health, and shown that unemployment can affect people differently. This study aimed to provide an understanding of the experiences of unemployment and perceptions of wellbeing among persons who involuntary lost their work during the recent economic recession in Gävle Municipality. Methods: Sixteen unemployed men and women aged 28-62 were interviewed face-to-face. A purposeful sampling strategy was used in order to suit the research question and to increase the variation among informants...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284374/safer-sex-practices-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-results-from-an-ethnographic-study
#6
Haochu Li, Andrea Sankar, Eleanor Holroyd, Baofa Jiang
The study reported here sought to understand the rationales of safer sex practices adopted by newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). Guided by a socio-ecological framework, an ethnography was conducted among newly diagnosed HIV-positive MSM. In-depth interviews and participant observation were employed to produce an account of the social and cultural settings that was faithful to the perspectives of participants. A total of 31 participants with diverse backgrounds were recruited in a southern city of China...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283982/stigma-of-psychiatric-diseases-and-psychiatry
#7
Alma Bravo-Mehmedbašić, Sabina Kučukalić
The aim of this review is evaluate stigma seen among people suffering from psychiatric disorders. We will show the negative effects of stigma on psychiatric services and evaluate the importance of continiuous anti-stigma programs. It is encouraging that new anit-stigma programmes are developed. The aim of this program is the restoration of dignity to patients and institutions. Media play an important role in shaping the view of an average person on psychiatric patients and most programms use media as a mediator to promote a positive attitude to psychiatric disorders...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281845/-icf-and-the-term-substantial-disability-in-the-german-bundesteilhabegesetz-bthg
#8
Wolfgang Wagener
The new law, called "Bundesteilhabegesetz" was rapidly approved by the German legislative institutions in December 2016. It was supposed to be a milestone demonstrating the change from paternalistic care to the right of autonomous participation in all parts of social life. This new law sought to offer new ways, but actually there remains a big space for interpretations in the implementation. The law proposal wanted to claim 5 from the nine areas of life from the ICF. That was not accepted. Until December 2019 there must be found a definition of "substantial disability"...
December 27, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281562/moral-frames-for-lives-worth-living-managing-the-end-of-life-with-dementia
#9
Natashe Lemos Dekker
Narratives that frame the end of life with dementia as undignified reveal moral claims on which lives are considered worth living. These claims are deeply rooted in the medicalization of death and its appeal to dignity. Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork in nursing homes for people with dementia in the Netherlands, I demonstrate how the end of life with dementia is managed through such moral frames. Specifically, I elaborate on the production of lives (not) worth living and explore how family members welcomed the death of a loved one with dementia...
December 27, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279014/quality-indicator-survey-versus-traditional-survey-in-new-york-state-a-comparison-of-results-from-annual-nursing-home-surveys
#10
Colleen Moore Delaney, Lisa Rafalson, Roger C Fiedler, Joanne I Hernick
Despite the passage of OBRA'87 for nursing home reform, concerns about care in facilities continue. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid developed new regulations and the Traditional Survey (TS) process for annual nursing home survey. The survey is conducted by state regional offices to determine facility compliance with federal regulations. Despite the regulations and new survey process, the TS inconsistently identified problems. A computerized process called the Quality Indicator Survey (QIS) was subsequently developed...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258495/observational-study-of-patients-in-spain-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-correlations-between-clinical-status-quality-of-life-and-dignity
#11
Yolanda Martínez-Campo, Christian Homedes, Ana Lazaro, Raquel Alarcón, David Campo, Mariona Riera, Raúl Domínguez, Mónica Povedano, Carlos Casasnovas
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable neurodegenerative disease that dramatically affects patients' quality of life (QoL) and dignity of life (DoL). We aimed to study the impact of ALS on QoL and DoL and how these evolve throughout the duration of the disease. METHODS: First, we performed an observational, descriptive study of 43 patients with ALS recruited from the ALS unit at our center and compared them with 20 healthy age- and sex-matched controls...
December 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243015/relational-autonomy-in-the-care-of-the-vulnerable-health-care-professionals-reasoning-in-moral-case-deliberation-mcd
#12
Kaja Heidenreich, Anders Bremer, Lars Johan Materstvedt, Ulf Tidefelt, Mia Svantesson
In Moral Case Deliberation (MCD), healthcare professionals discuss ethically difficult patient situations in their daily practice. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the content of MCD and there is a need to shed light on this ethical reflection in the midst of clinical practice. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the content of healthcare professionals' moral reasoning during MCD. The design was qualitative and descriptive, and data consisted of 22 audio-recorded inter-professional MCDs, analysed with content analysis...
December 14, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241598/organ-donation-after-controlled-cardiac-death-under-maastricht-category-iii-ethical-implications-and-end-of-life-care
#13
M Isabel González-Méndez, Luís López-Rodríguez
The decrease in potential donation after brain death has resulted in a need to evaluate alternative sources. Donation after cardiac death is a good option. The objectives of this article were to describe the Maastricht type iii controlled organ donation characteristics and to determine end-of-life care and the role of nurses in the donation process. In this type of donation, cardiocirculatory arrest is predictable after the limitation of life sustaining treatments. These are patients for whom there are no effective therapy options and, in the context of an organised and planned practice involving all the professionals involved in the care of the patient, the decision is made, in consultation with the family, to withdraw life support measures...
December 11, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240531/enhancing-dignity-for-older-inpatients-the-photograph-next-to-the-bed-study
#14
Ruth E Hubbard, Melissa Bak, Jacqueline Watts, David Shum, Angelica Lynch, Nancye M Peel
OBJECTIVES: Older inpatients compromised by illness and cognitive decline may be stripped of physical and cultural identifiers, making them vulnerable to erosion of dignity. This study explored the experiences of patients, carers and clinical staff in response to a simple intervention that could enhance the dignity of care for older inpatients. METHODS: All patients in a rehabilitation ward were encouraged to have a photograph of themselves next to their bed. Of those who participated, focus groups were recruited for patients, family members and staff to explore their reflections...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235953/persistent-pain-nursing-perspectives
#15
Karen Carroll
Pain has diligently been regarded by scholars of different disciplines, and yet the experience of pain for patients and families can be minimized and relegated to a more perfunctory place. Pain, particularly persistent pain, warrants attention and to not fully attend to pain betrays and does not honor human dignity warranted by patients and families cared for within nursing and the larger healthcare community.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235947/betrayal-in-teaching-learning-a-sword-in-the-heart
#16
Nan Russell Yancey
In this article, the human experience of betrayal is explored within teaching-learning, where trust might be expected and the notion of betrayal might seem counterintuitive. To gain insight into this experience, the unique perspectives of an undergraduate student, a graduate student, and a new faculty are considered through the stories they shared with the author about betrayal in teaching-learning. The humanbecoming paradigm provided a unique perspective to view these stories and explore the unlimited possibilities emerging when human dignity and freedom to choose are honored...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233839/genetics-of-tumors-of-the-adrenal-cortex
#17
Fidéline Bonnet-Serrano, Jerome Bertherat
This review describes the molecular alterations observed in the various types of tumors of the adrenal cortex, excluding Conn adenomas, especially the alterations identified by genomic approaches these last five years. Two main forms of bilateral adrenocortical tumors can be distinguished according to size and aspect of the nodules: primary pigmented nodular adrenal disease (PPNAD) which can be sporadic or part of Carney complex, and primary bilateral macro nodular adrenal hyperplasia (PBMAH). The bilateral nature of tumors suggests the existence of an underlying genetic predisposition...
December 12, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226329/expectations-and-needs-of-ugandan-women-for-improved-quality-of-childbirth-care-in-health-facilities-a-qualitative-study
#18
David Kyaddondo, Kidza Mugerwa, Josaphat Byamugisha, Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences, expectations, and needs of urban Ugandan women in relation to good-quality facility childbirth. METHODS: Women who had given birth in the 12 months prior to the study were purposively sampled and interviewed, or included in focus groups. Thematic analysis was used, and the data were interpreted within the context of an existing quality of care framework. RESULTS: Forty-five in-depth interviews and six focus group discussions were conducted...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220672/international-humanitarian-law-the-legal-framework-for-humanitarian-forensic-action
#19
Gloria Gaggioli
In armed conflicts, death is not an exceptional occurrence, but becomes the rule and occurs on a daily basis. Dead bodies are sometimes despoiled, mutilated, abandoned without any funeral rite and without a decent burial. Unidentified remains may be counted by hundreds or thousands. As a result, families look for years for missing relatives, ignorant of the fate of their loved ones. International Humanitarian Law, also called the laws of war or the law of armed conflict, is an international law branch, which has been developed to regulate and, as far as possible, to humanize armed conflicts...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219928/should-considerations-in-patient-dignity-affect-our-surgical-decisions
#20
Jin Gu, Bing Wen, Fu Ming Lei, Zhao Ya Gao, Qing Min Zeng, Wen Sheng Huang, Yan Zhao Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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