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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430571/forty-years-since-taking-care-of-the-hateful-patient
#1
Richard B Gunderman, Peter R Gunderman
Using the word "hateful" is not the only option in describing patients who induce in clinicians feelings of dread. We suggest an alternative approach to the language of hate, one that seeks dignity and perhaps even a divine spark in every patient.
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426540/family-functioning-predicts-end-of-life-care-quality-in-patients-with-cancer-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Myung Kyung Lee, Young Ho Yun
BACKGROUND: Treating patients with cancer within a family setting is the accepted standard of care and a hallmark of end-of-life (EoL) quality of care (QoC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether family caregiver functioning predicts EoL QoC received by terminally ill patients with cancer. METHODS: Family caregivers of terminally ill patients with cancer (n = 264) were enrolled from oncology inpatient and outpatient units of 12 large hospitals located in different regions throughout South Korea...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425138/delivering-dignified-care-a-realist-synthesis-of-evidence-that-promotes-effective-listening-to-and-learning-from-older-people-s-feedback-in-acute-care-settings
#3
REVIEW
Megan Dickson, Helen Riddell, Fiona Gilmour, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This review aims to explore effective mechanisms for listening to and learning from feedback from older people in the context of acute care. BACKGROUND: Maintaining the dignity of older people in acute care has become an issue of international concern. In the United Kingdom, recommendations for care improvement have led to the formation of an implementation group, the 'Listening and Learning Hospitals Pilot Project'. This literature review forms phase 1 of the project...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423799/global-ehealth-social-business-and-citizen-engagement
#4
Siaw-Teng Liaw, Mahfuz Ashraf, Pradeep Ray
The UNSW WHO Collaborating Centre (WHOCC) in eHealth was established in 2013. Its designated activities are: mHealth and evidence-based evaluation, including use case analyses. The UNSW Yunus Social Business Health Hub (YSBHH), established in 2015 to build on the Yunus Centre/Grameen Bank eHealth initiatives, added social business and community participation dimensions to the UNSW global eHealth program. The Grameen Bank is a social business built around microcredit, which are small loans to poor people to enable them to "produce something, sell something, earn something to develop self-reliance and a life of dignity"...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412577/describing-heterogeneity-of-unmet-needs-among-adults-with-a-developmental-disability-an-examination-of-the-2012-canadian-survey-on-disability
#5
Jennifer Zwicker, Arezou Zaresani, J C Herb Emery
BACKGROUND: As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Canada has committed to protect the rights and dignity of persons with developmental disabilities (DD), which means that labour markets, education, and training opportunities should be inclusive and accessible. PURPOSE: Describe the unmet employment, education and daily needs of adults with DD, with a sub analysis of persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and cerebral palsy (CP) in Canada, to inform efficient and equitable policy development...
April 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406392/the-right-to-a-human-in-the-loop-political-constructions-of-computer-automation-and-personhood
#6
Meg Leta Jones
Contributing to recent scholarship on the governance of algorithms, this article explores the role of dignity in data protection law addressing automated decision-making. Delving into the historical roots of contemporary disputes between information societies, notably European Union and Council of Europe countries and the United States, reveals that the regulation of algorithms has a rich, culturally entrenched, politically relevant backstory. The article compares the making of law concerning data protection and privacy, focusing on the role automation has played in the two regimes...
April 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403112/footwear-used-by-older-people-and-a-history-of-hyperkeratotic-lesions-on-the-foot-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
Inadequate footwear, painful and hyperkeratotic lesions (HL) are an extremely common problems amongst older people. Such problems increase the risk of falls, hamper mobility, reduction of quality of life, dignity, and ability to remain independent. The etiology of painful and feet conditions is poorly understood.To discover footwear preferences of older people, pain tolerance may favor presence of HL for the use of inadequate footwear in old age.A sample of 100 participants with a mean age of 74.90 ± 7...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399755/nmc-ruling-could-encourage-futile-cpr
#8
Alison Moore
What would you do if you found a patient had died in the night while under your care? Most nurses would inform their superiors and probably play a part in contacting relatives with the bad news. Their actions would be aimed at protecting the dignity of the person who had died and showing respect for them and their bereaved family.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395044/human-rights-its-meaning-and-practice-in-social-work-field-settings
#9
Julie A Steen, Mary Mann, Nichole Restivo, Shellene Mazany, Reshawna Chapple
The goal of the study reported in this article was to explore the conceptualizations of human rights and human rights practice among students and supervisors in social work field settings. Data were collected from 35 students and 48 supervisors through an online survey system that featured two open-ended questions regarding human rights issues in their agency and human rights practice tasks. Responses suggest that participants encountered human rights issues related to poverty, discrimination, participation/self-determination/autonomy, violence, dignity/respect, privacy, and freedom/liberty...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395036/a-just-sense-of-well-being-social-work-s-unifying-purpose-in-action
#10
Elizabeth King Keenan, Christine Limone, Silvia L Sandoval
For over a century the social work profession has had a dual purpose, to promote both human well-being and social justice, but we have not found research that explores how social workers understand and work toward both purposes across multiple practice roles and settings. Authors of this article conducted qualitative research to examine how 18 social workers in various roles and settings understand and implement both purposes in their practice. Instead of a dual purpose, participants described a unifying purpose: a "just sense of well-being" that transcends role and setting...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392599/a-call-to-promote-healthcare-justice-a-summary-of-integrated-outpatient-clinics-exemplifying-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching
#11
Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392598/answering-the-call-to-accessible-quality-health-care-for-all-using-a-new-model-of-local-community-not-for-profit-charity-clinics-a-return-to-christ-centered-care-of-the-past
#12
Yuri Cuellar De la Cruz, Stephen Robinson
This article uses studies and organizational trends to understand available solutions to the lack of quality health care access, especially for the poor and needy of local U.S. communities. The U.S. healthcare system seems to be moving toward the World Health Organization's recommendation for universal health coverage for healthcare sustainability. Healthcare trends and offered solutions are varied. Christian healthcare traditionally implements works of mercy guided by a Christian ethos embracing the teachings of human dignity, solidarity, the common good, and subsidiarity...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392595/the-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching-a-guide-for-decision-making-from-daily-clinical-encounters-to-national-policy-making
#13
Karen Shields Wright
Catholic social teaching (CST), a branch of moral theology, addresses contemporary issues within the political, economic, and cultural structures of society. The threefold cornerstone of CST contains the principles of human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity. It is the foundation on which to form our conscience in order to evaluate the framework of society and is the Catholic criteria for prudential judgment and direction in developing current policy-making. With knowledge of these social principles, in combination with our faith, we will be more armed and informed as to articulate the Catholic vision of reality, the truthful nature of the human person and society, to apply and integrate the social teachings in our everyday administrative and clinical encounters, and through the virtue of charity take action within the social, political, and economic spheres in which we have influence...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392594/subsidiarity-restoring-a-sacred-harmony
#14
John W Kieffer
The principle of subsidiarity is a bastion of Catholic social teaching. It is also a principle in the philosophy of the American Founding Fathers. In the USA, subsidiarity is ignored without a sense of the proper harmony between authority and responsibility. Human dignity and wise stewardship are compromised. Conscience protection becomes a concerning issue as highlighted by the conflicts arising after passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. A reconnection of the patient to be steward of his health care is critical in addressing these issues...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392591/achieving-moral-high-quality-affordable-medical-care-in-america-through-a-true-free-market
#15
David McKalip
The basis of a just and moral economic model for health care is examined in the context of Catholic social teaching. The performance of the current model of "central economic planning" in medicine is evaluated in terms of the core principles of the social doctrine of the Catholic Church and compared to freedom-based economic models. It is clear that the best way to respect and serve human dignity, the common good, subsidiarity, and solidarity in medicine is through the establishment of a true, free-market health economy...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392586/catholic-social-teaching-precepts-for-healthcare-reform
#16
Donald P Condit
The Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act of 2010 accelerated bureaucratic appropriation of health care in the United States. Persuaded by laudable intentions of expanded access to care for millions of uninsured Americans, healthcare cost control, and improved medical quality, supporters are now confronted by the unintended consequences of greater government control of health care. The four primary principles of Catholic social teaching guide a best response to our neighbor's healthcare needs. The presence of these principles in the founding documents of the United States facilitates advocacy the public square...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387099/-paradigm-shift-in-the-legislative-approach-of-vulnerable-people-in-belgium
#17
REVIEW
P Vanderheyden
The application since September 2014 of the new 17 March 2013 law «reforming disability schemes and introducing a new protection status in accordance with human dignity», restates the legal approach to helping vulnerable people. The changes are complex and wide-ranging. This article describes the key elements of the reform, focusing particularly on the role of the medical doctor.
December 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384683/characterizing-18-years-of-the-death-with-dignity-act-in-oregon
#18
Charles Blanke, Michael LeBlanc, Dawn Hershman, Lee Ellis, Frank Meyskens
Importance: Numerous states have pending physician-aided dying (PAD) legislation. Little research has been done regarding use of PAD, or ways to improve the process and/or results. Objectives: To evaluate results of Oregon PAD, the longest running US program; to disseminate results; and to determine promising PAD research areas. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective observational cohort study of 991 Oregon residents who had prescriptions written as part of the state's Death with Dignity Act...
April 6, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382210/the-global-governance-of-human-cloning-the-case-of-unesco
#19
Adèle Langlois
Since Dolly the Sheep was cloned in 1996, the question of whether human reproductive cloning should be banned or pursued has been the subject of international debate. Feelings run strong on both sides. In 2005, the United Nations adopted its Declaration on Human Cloning to try to deal with the issue. The declaration is ambiguously worded, prohibiting "all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life". It received only ambivalent support from UN member states...
March 21, 2017: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379371/challenges-to-evidence-based-health-promotion-a-case-study-of-a-food-security-coalition-in-ontario-canada
#20
Samantha B Meyer, Sara S Edge, Jocelyn Beatty, Scott Leatherdale, Chris Perlman, Jennifer Dean, Paul R Ward, Sharon I Kirkpatrick
Developing the evidence base for health promotion can be challenging because interventions often have to target competing determinants of health, including social, structural, environmental and political determinants; all of which are difficult to measure and thus evaluate. Drawing on a case study of food insecurity, which refers to inadequate access to food due to financial constraints, we illustrate the challenges faced by community-based organizations in collecting data to form an evidence base for the development and evaluation of collective programmes aimed at addressing food insecurity...
March 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
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