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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915259/-standing-outside-the-junkie-door-service-users-experiences-of-using-community-pharmacies-to-access-treatment-for-opioid-dependency
#1
Andrew Radley, Karen Melville, Phyllis Easton, Brian Williams, John F Dillon
AIM: To explore experiences of service users attending a community pharmacy to receive opiate replacement therapy (ORT). METHOD: Qualitative study involving seven focus groups undertaken within care centres and prison educational centre in Tayside, Scotland using 41 participants. Thematic analysis undertaken of experiences of different groups of service users and carers. RESULTS: Participants described the social context surrounding attendance at community pharmacies...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914276/author-s-response-to-from-the-struggle-of-defining-to-the-understanding-of-dignity-a-commentary-on-barclay-2016-in-sickness-and-in-dignity-a-philosophical-account-of-the-meaning-of-dignity-in-health-care
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912142/how-do-individuals-value-health-states-a-qualitative-investigation
#3
M Karimi, J Brazier, S Paisley
Despite the importance of health state values in informing resource allocation in health care, there is arguably little known about how individuals value health. Previous studies have shown that a variety of non-health factors and beliefs are important in valuing health, but there is less evidence in the literature about how individuals' beliefs affect their preferences or what role non-health factors play in the process of forming preferences. This study investigated the thought processes of 21 U.K. based participants in March 2013 who valued health states using semi-structured interviews and a think-aloud protocol, with the aim to better understand the relationship between health states, the individual's underlying beliefs, and the individual's preferences...
November 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910119/the-significance-of-meaningful-and-enjoyable-activities-for-nursing-home-resident-s-experiences-of-dignity
#4
Åshild Slettebø, Berit Saeteren, Synnøve Caspari, Vibeke Lohne, Arne Wilhelm Rehnsfeldt, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Britt Lillestø, Bente Høy, Maj-Britt Råholm, Lillemor Lindwall, Trygve Aasgaard, Dagfinn Nåden
BACKGROUND: Living in a nursing home may be challenging to the residents' experience of dignity. Residents' perception of how their dignity is respected in everyday care is important. AIM: To examine how nursing home residents experience dignity through the provision of activities that foster meaning and joy in their daily life. METHOD: A qualitative design was used and 28 individual semistructured interviews conducted with nursing home residents from six nursing homes in Denmark, Norway and Sweden...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904626/respect-for-woman-s-decision-making-in-spontaneous-birth-a-thematic-synthesis-study
#5
Firoozeh MirzaeeRabor, Fattaneh Mirzaee, Khadigeh MirzaiiNajmabadi, Ali Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Participation of woman in decision-making processes is one of the key indicators of an appropriate relationship between a woman and the health care professionals. This study aimed to recognize the factors facilitating respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper employed a meta-synthesis on articles published in four biomedical databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. All qualitative studies published after 1990 and directly or indirectly discussing the women's and the health care professional's attitudes toward respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth were searched...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903795/how-can-professionals-carry-out-recognition-towards-children-of-parents-with-alcohol-problems-a-qualitative-interview-study
#6
Anne Werner, Kirsti Malterud
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore informal adult support experienced by children with parental alcohol problems to understand how professionals can show recognition in a similar way. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative interview study with retrospective accounts from nine adults growing up with problem-drinking parents. Data were analysed with systematic text condensation. Goffman's concept "frame" offered a lens to study how supportive situations were defined and to understand opportunities and limitations for translation of recognition acts and attitudes to professional contexts...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901626/experiences-of-living-with-opioid-dependence-an-interview-study-among-individuals-participating-in-medication-assisted-treatment
#7
Ylva Melin, Margita Eklund, Britt-Marie Lindgren
In order to describe experiences of living with opioid dependence, thirteen interviews were conducted with people participating in medication-assisted treatment. The results showed that living with opioid dependence is about the two-faced drug. The participant's past was a constant burden in life, and the drug filled a spiritual emptiness. The participant's described a life in chaos and pain, and furthermore, a life without dignity and in alienation. Opioid dependence means great suffering. Having a holistic view and by gaining an understanding of the complexities of opioid dependence, healthcare professionals can provide nonjudgmental and respectful treatment...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901237/iatrogenics-in-orthodontics-and-its-challenges
#8
Gustavo Mattos Barreto, Henrique Oliveira Feitosa
Introduction: Orthodontics has gone through remarkable advances for those who practice it with dignity and clinical quality, such as the unprecedented number of patients treated of some type of iatrogenic problems (post-treatment root resorptions; occlusal plane changes; midline discrepancies, asymmetries, etc). Several questions may raise useful reflections about the constant increase of iatrogenics. What is causing it? Does it occur when dentists are properly trained? In legal terms, how can dentists accept these patients? How should they be orthodontically treated? What are the most common problems? Objective: This study analyzed and discussed relevant aspects to understand patients with iatrogenic problems and describe a simple and efficient approach to treat complex cases associated with orthodontic iatrogenics...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900904/focus-on-patient-dignity
#9
Layla Haidrani
What does your job involve? It is hands-on and strategic. I spend intensive time with five dementia care communities. This involves practical clinical supervision on the floor, reviewing dementia training and helping to develop the overall dementia strategy.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899473/acting-out-enabling-meaningful-participation-among-people-with-long-term-mental-health-problems-in-a-music-and-theater-workshop
#10
Kristin Berre Ørjasæter, Ottar Ness
In this article, we explore what enables meaningful participation in a music and theater workshop from a first person's perspective of people with mental health problems. The study uses a hermeneutical-phenomenological approach. Data were collected from qualitative in-depth interviews with 12 participants in a music and theater workshop located in a Norwegian mental health hospital. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis. Two overarching themes were identified: (a) room for dignity and (b) a creative arena This study indicates that to enable participation for people with long-term mental health problems, it is important to facilitate activities that are flexible, person centered, and resource oriented, in which participants have the possibility to participate regardless of symptoms, functional ability, or whether they are hospitalized...
November 28, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898751/-investigating-the-predictive-value-of-rmi-and-roma-indices-in-patients-with-ovarian-tumors-of-uncertain-dignity
#11
Géza Krascsenits, Boglárka Balázs, Anna Dudnyikova, Katalin Purcsi, Enikõ Orosz, Imre Pete
We were investigating the predictive value of RMI and ROMA indices in patients with ovarian tumors of uncertain dignity, in order to determine whether these methods are suitable for the early detection of ovarian malignancy. Our study included 162 patients treated at the Gynecological Department of the National Institute of Oncology (Budapest, Hungary). These patients were diagnosed with ovarian tumor of uncertain dignity, and were admitted to our Department with the purpose of gynecological surgery. Each of them had CA-125, HE4 blood tests and ultrasound scan in order to calculate RMI and ROMA indices and to study their effectiveness...
November 29, 2016: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896390/-assisted-suicide-in-the-movies-what-is-not-shown
#12
Kurt W Schmidt
Whereas changes to the existing legal situation regarding assisted suicide have been a topic of controversial debate in Germany for the last few years, this issue has long been of interest for international film-makers. Since the mid-1980s, the theme of assisted suicide has repeatedly been taken up by cinema, predominantly as central to a relationship drama. A sick person asks somebody close to them for help. Often this somebody is a physician or a nurse, ultimately an obvious way of solving the practical problem of how the assistant is to gain access to a lethal substance...
November 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893457/core-ethical-values-of-radiological-protection-applied-to-fukushima-case-reflecting-common-morality-and-cultural-diversities
#13
Chieko Kurihara, Kunwoo Cho, Richard E Toohey
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has established Task Group 94 (TG94) to develop a publication to clarify the ethical foundations of the radiological protection system it recommends. This TG identified four core ethical values which structure the system: beneficence and non-maleficence, prudence, justice, and dignity. Since the ICRP is an international organization, its recommendations and guidance should be globally applicable and acceptable. Therefore, first this paper presents the basic principles of the ICRP radiological protection system and its core ethical values, along with a reflection on the variation of these values in Western and Eastern cultural traditions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888960/wards-in-opinion-of-patients-a-comparative-study-on-the-quality-of-nursing-care
#14
Ewa Bandurska, Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran, Paweł Zielazny
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of nursing care in psychiatric wards and compare it between hospitals of different types. RESULTS: Significant differences between hospitals were found in: personnel benevolence (p=0,006219) and response to patient needs (p=0,011446) as well as patients' sense of safety (p=0,020042). In both hospitals, patients were equally dissatisfied with the quality of information concerning treatment side effects (p=0,207804)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888715/making-a-case-for-controlled-organ-donation-after-cardiac-death-the-story-of-italy-s-first-experience
#15
Marco Vergano, Emma Magavern, Francesca Baroncelli, Valeria Frisenda, Alessia Fonsato, Diego Artusio, Carlo Alberto Castioni, Maria Elena De Piero, Massimo Abelli, Elena Ticozzelli, Sergio Livigni
Donation after circulatory death (DCD) is a valuable option for the procurement of organs for transplantation. In Italy, organ procurement after controlled DCD is legally and ethically conceivable within the current legislative framework. However, although formal impediments do not exist, the health care team is faced with many obstacles that may hinder the implementation of such programs. We report the case of Italy's first controlled DCD, specifically discussing the role of the patient's family in the shared decision-making process...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886669/revising-the-american-dental-association-principles-of-ethics-and-code-of-professional-conduct-adding-respect-for-human-dignity-as-the-sixth-principle-of-dental-ethics-to-accommodate-advances-in-genetic-science
#16
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875743/from-the-struggle-of-defining-to-the-understanding-of-dignity-a-commentary-on-barclay-2016-in-sickness-and-in-dignity-a-philosophical-account-of-the-meaning-of-dignity-in-health-care
#17
Sílvia Caldeira, Margarida Vieira, Fiona Timmins, Wilfred McSherry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#18
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862992/realising-dignity-in-care-home-practice-an-action-research-project
#19
Ann Gallagher, Katherine Curtis, Michael Dunn, Lesley Baillie
BACKGROUND: More than 400,000 older people reside in over 18,000 care homes in England. A recent social care survey found up to 50% of older people in care homes felt their dignity was undermined. Upholding the dignity of older people in care homes has implications for residents' experiences and the role of Registered Nurses. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore how best to translate the concept of dignity into care home practice, and how to support this translation process by enabling Registered Nurses to provide ethical leadership within the care home setting...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858867/child-protection-medical-service-demonstration-centers-in-approaching-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-taiwan
#20
Yu-Ching Chang, Jing-Long Huang, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Kuang-Lin Lin, En-Pei Lee, I-Jun Chou, Yi-Chen Hsin, Fu-Song Lo, Chang-Teng Wu, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Han-Ping Wu
Child abuse includes all forms of physical and emotional ill treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child's health, development, or dignity. In Taiwan, the Child Protection Medical Service Demonstration Center (CPMSDC) was established to protect children from abuse and neglect. We further analyzed and compared the trends and clinical characteristics of cases reported by CPMSDC to evaluate the function of CPMSDC in approaching child abuse and neglect in Taiwan...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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