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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942376/a-psychosocial-approach-in-humanitarian-forensic-action-the-latin-american-perspective
#1
Ute Hofmeister, Susana Navarro
Forensic humanitarian action is aimed at alleviating suffering and maintaining human dignity, with the victims and their families at the core. International recommendations emphasize the importance of psychological support and psychosocial work as an integral part of forensic investigations into missing persons. Psychosocial action does not simply refer to emotional support but is based on the idea of the individual being the holder of rights, encouraging decision taking, affirming actions, and elaborating personal and collective histories...
September 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939708/the-decisions-interventions-and-goals-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-dignity-pilot-study
#2
Daniel B Kramer, Daniel Habtemariam, Yaw Adjei-Poku, Michelle Samuel, Diane Engorn, Matthew R Reynolds, Susan L Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are commonly implanted in older patients, including those with multiple comorbidities. There are few prospective studies assessing the clinical course and end-of-life circumstances for these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively followed 51 patients with ICDs for up to 18 months to longitudinally assess in terms of (1) advance care planning, (2) health status, (3) healthcare utilization, and (4) end-of-life circumstances through quarterly phone interviews and electronic medical record review...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934048/living-human-dignity-a-nightingale-legacy
#3
Margaret Hegge, Sandra Schmidt Bunkers
The authors in this article present the humanbecoming ethical tenets of human dignity: reverence, awe, betrayal, and shame. These four ethical tenets of human dignity are examined from a historical perspective, exploring how Rosemarie Rizzo Parse has conceptualized these ethical tenets with added descriptions from other scholars, and how Florence Nightingale lived human dignity as the founder of modern nursing.
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933258/dignity-in-nursing-care-what-does-it-mean-to-nursing-students
#4
Rosemary F Mullen, Angela Kydd, Anne Fleming, Laura McMillan
BACKGROUND: Despite growing interest in the potential of nursing education to enhance dignity in nursing care, relatively little is known about what dignity means to nursing students. RESEARCH QUESTION: What meaning does dignity in nursing care have for nursing students? RESEARCH DESIGN: Photo-elicitation was embedded within a Nominal Group Technique and responses were analysed by qualitative and quantitative content analysis. Participants and research context: Participants were recruited from each year of a 3-year undergraduate preregistration adult nursing programme in Scotland...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933191/dementia-friendly-initiatives-a-state-of-the-science-review
#5
Catherine A Hebert, Kezia Scales
Background Dementia friendly initiatives share similarities with the age-friendly movement in a focus on active engagement and creating a good quality of life for older adults. Dementia friendly initiatives offer a welcoming optimistic narrative in dementia studies by embracing dignity, empowerment, and autonomy to enable well-being throughout the dementia trajectory. Purpose The purpose of this review is to explore the current science of dementia friendly initiatives, identify gaps, and inform future research...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932765/informed-strangers-witnessing-and-responding-to-unethical-care-as-student-nurses
#6
Joyce Engel, Jenn Salfi, Samantha Micsinszki, Andrea Bodnar
Nursing students occupy a unique perspective in clinical settings because they are informed, through education, about how patient care ought to happen. Given the brevity of placements and their "visiting status" in clinical sites, students are less invested in the ethos of specific sites. Subsequently, their perspectives of quality care are informed by what should happen, which might differ from that of nurses and patients. The purpose of this study was to identify predominant themes in patient care, as experienced by students, and the influence that these observations have on the development of their ethical reasoning...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926501/moral-distress-and-associated-factors-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-multisite-descriptive-study
#7
Lorretta Krautscheid, Deborah A DeMeester, Valorie Orton, Austin Smith, Conor Livingston, Susan M McLennon
AIM: The three study aims were to assess moral distress among senior baccalaureate nursing students, describe ethical dilemmas contributing to their moral distress in practice settings, and identify reasons for inaction when encountering dilemmas. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have linked postlicensure nurses' moral distress to compassion fatigue, frustration, and turnover. Little is known about this phenomenon in students. METHOD: This study employed a descriptive cross-sectional survey design to measure moral distress and reasons for not taking action across three academic sites (N = 267)...
September 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925295/characteristics-of-patients-with-existing-advance-directives-evaluating-motivations-around-advance-care-planning
#8
Joanne E Genewick, Dorothy M Lipski, Katherine M Schupack, Angela L H Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although 80% of patients endorse an advance directive (AD), less than 35% of American adults have a documented AD. Much research has been done on barriers to creating ADs; however, there is a paucity of research addressing motivations for creating ADs. Previous research has identified 4 categories of influence for engaging in advance care planning (ACP). This study aimed to quantify the influence of these 4 motivating categories in creating an AD. METHODS: Participants included 238 adults with documented ADs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918217/digging-deeper-into-dignity
#9
Sarah H Kagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914121/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-reproductive-healthcare-for-incarcerated-women
#10
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912613/is-medicine-losing-its-way-a-firm-foundation-for-medicine-as-a-real-therapeia
#11
Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk
Is medicine losing its way? This question may seem to imply a serious warning, one needing a further explanation. What I mean to say by the title of this paper is that we can detect an undeniable shift in medicine in the last forty to fifty years. Medicine used to focus on what we call "health care" in a classical sense, that is, the treatment of people suffering from diseases, injuries or handicaps, or the alleviation of pain and other symptoms. In addition to this, in the last half century, it has begun to offer more and more treatments aiming to perfect the qualities of people who are otherwise healthy...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905726/compassionate-release-policy-reform-physicians-as-advocates-for-human-dignity
#12
Andreas Mitchell, Brie Williams
A rapidly aging correctional population has led to an increasing number of patients with serious progressive and terminal illnesses in correctional settings. "Compassionate release" describes a range of policies offering early release or parole to incarcerated patients with serious or debilitating illnesses. However, in many states that have compassionate release policies, few patients are actually granted release. We describe how the continued incarceration of patients with serious or debilitating illness can constitute a violation of human dignity if appropriate palliative care is unavailable...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902070/contending-with-preplanned-death-questions-for-clinicians
#13
Joel Yager
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this column is to assist readers in reflecting on their attitudes and responses toward clinical and nonclinical situations involving preplanned deaths by decisionally capable individuals. Such circumstances range from encountering individuals in one's personal and professional lives who desire and intend to end their lives under their own terms, to having such individuals request assistance with predeath and postdeath arrangements. METHODS: Attending to pertinent literature, this essay uses Socratic inquiry to question conventional assumptions and attitudes, push readers' thoughts beyond typical comfort zones, and consider alternative modes of responding to challenges posed by preplanned death...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902046/human-personhood-dignity
#14
Carrie M Dameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899296/caring-science-conscious-dying-an-emerging-metaparadigm
#15
William Rosa, Tarron Estes, Jean Watson
Caring science is an extant theory of human relationship, guiding the profession of nursing with the understanding and application of a moral-ethical praxis that promotes, protects, and provides human dignity throughout the life continuum. Over the past 30 or more years, caring science has transformed nursing by calling for a heightened ethical perspective of human dignity in how nurses practice, educate, research, and evolve the profession. Conscious dying is a framework rooted in a human caring ontology, which strives to deepen the nurse healer's awareness in tending to a patient's dying and death, returning death to its sacred place in the cycle of life...
January 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889764/can-technology-assisted-toilets-improve-hygiene-and-independence-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-cohort-study
#16
David Yachnin, Hillel Finestone, Ami Chin, Jeffrey Jutai
PURPOSE: To investigate whether technology-assisted toilets (TATs) could be used to improve toileting hygiene and independence for geriatric rehabilitation patients. TATs are commercially available toilet seats that use a stream of warm water to clean the user, have a fan for drying and are operated by a remote control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five geriatric rehabilitation in-patients were recruited, six completed the study, and seven partially completed the study...
September 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873778/lived-experience-stakeholder-evaluation-and-the-participatory-design-of-assisted-living-technology
#17
Joan Cahill, Sean McLoughlin, Sean Wetherall
This paper presents the theoretical and methodological framework underpinning the advancement of new technology enabling seniors domicile in residential homes to live with independence, quality of life and dignity. In addition, it presents the preliminary findings of this research including the emerging user interface design solution.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871882/cultural-differences-in-shame-and-guilt-as-understandable-reasons-for-suicide
#18
Marisa K Crowder, Markus Kemmelmeier
According to the World Health Organization, a major barrier to suicide prevention work is the social stigma surrounding suicide. Since clinical research has long shown that shame and guilt are often involved in suicide and suicide ideation, the present two studies explore the extent to which individuals associate shame and guilt with suicide ideation and behavior according to their cultural background. Using a scenario approach, 1,147 Americans in two separate studies read about a traumatic situation in which the target person experienced intense shame or intense guilt...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869697/comfort-supporting-nursing-activities-for-end-of-life-patients-in-an-institutionalized-environment
#19
Helena Kisvetrová, Šárka Vévodová, David Školoudík
PURPOSE: Comfort promotion plays a significant role in end-of-life patient care. The objective of this study was to determine the utilization rate of comfort supporting nursing activities in end-of-life patients in an institutionalized environment in the Czech Republic in relation to the age of the registered nurses (RNs), length of work experience, education level, and type of workplace. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was designed. A questionnaire with Likert scales included 31 activities of dying care and spiritual support interventions...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866254/the-effects-of-nursing-education-on-professional-values-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Filiz Kantek, Ayla Kaya, Nurdan Gezer
BACKGROUND: It is considered to be extremely important to ensure that nurses adopt professional values during their education in order to improve nursing practices and develop a professional identity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of nursing education on development of professional values. DESIGN: This study was designed as a longitudinal study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in a nursing department at a nursing school in the western Turkey...
August 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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