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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143547/from-individual-to-global-human-rights-and-aphasia
#1
Deborah Hersh
This commentary marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by examining Article 19 and its application to people with aphasia. This group of people still face lack of access, stigmatisation, exclusion, disadvantage and social withdrawal as well as poor public awareness of aphasia and inadequate prioritisation of support and resources. Nevertheless, a range of creative initiatives at individual, healthcare, local community, national and global levels have helped to connect and empower people with aphasia...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132946/an-interview-study-of-patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-in-esrd
#2
Marcus Sellars, Josephine M Clayton, Rachael L Morton, Tim Luckett, William Silvester, Lucy Spencer, Carol A Pollock, Rowan G Walker, Peter G Kerr, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) empowers patients to consider and communicate their current and future treatment goals. However, it can be an emotionally charged process for patients with kidney disease and their caregivers. This study aimed to describe the perspectives and attitudes of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and their caregivers toward ACP. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ESRD (n=24) and their caregivers (n=15) aged 36 to 91 years at various stages of ACP ("not commenced," "in progress," or "completed") from 3 renal services...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130367/development-and-evaluation-of-the-dignity-talk-question-framework-for-palliative-patients-and-their-families-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Qiaohong Guo, Harvey Max Chochinov, Susan McClement, Genevieve Thompson, Tom Hack
BACKGROUND: Effective patient-family communication can reduce patients' psychosocial distress and relieve family members' current suffering and their subsequent grief. However, terminally ill patients and their family members often experience great difficulty in communicating their true feelings, concerns, and needs to each other. AIM: To develop a novel means of facilitating meaningful conversations for palliative patients and family members, coined Dignity Talk, explore anticipated benefits and challenges of using Dignity Talk, and solicit suggestions for protocol improvement...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128432/czech-version-of-the-patient-dignity-inventory-translation-and-validation-in-incurable-patients
#4
Helena Kisvetrová, David Školoudík, Libuše Danielová, Kateřina Langová, Renáta Váverková, Milena Bretšnajdrová, Yukari Yamada
CONTEXT: The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) is a valid, reliable screening tool to assess a range of issues that have been reported to affect the sense of dignity in patients with life-limiting conditions. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the item characteristics, factor structure, and reliability of the Czech version of the PDI (PDI-CZ) among cancer and non-cancer patients. METHODS: The PDI was translated into the Czech language following state-of-the-art criteria (a five-stage proceeding method for the translation)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124965/perceived-inequalities-in-care-and-support-for-older-women-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds-in-wales-findings-from-a-survey-exploring-dignity-from-service-providers-perspectives
#5
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
OBJECTIVE: As part of a large mixed-method study aimed at capturing understandings of dignity, and care expectations of community dwelling older women from Black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds living in Wales, the aim of this paper is to compare service providers' perceptions of their care and support provided to older people in general, and to older women from BME backgrounds in particular, with a focus on two dignity indicators: care and support needs, and effective communication...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122050/contempt-as-the-absence-of-appraisal-not-recognition-respect
#6
Michelle Mason
Gervais & Fessler's defense of a sentiment construct for contempt captures features distinguishing the phenomenon from basic emotions and highlights the fact that it comprises a coordinated syndrome of responses. However, their conceptualization of contempt as the absence of respect equivocates. Consequently, a "dignity" culture that prescribes respect does not thereby limit legitimate contempt in the manner the authors claim.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121648/correction-dignity-and-distress-towards-the-end-of-life-across-four-non-cancer-populations
#7
Harvey Max Chochinov, Wendy Johnston, Susan E McClement, Thomas F Hack, Brenden Dufault, Murray Enns, Genevieve Thompson, Mike Harlos, Ronald W Damant, Clare D Ramsey, Sara Davison, James Zacharias, Doris Milke, David Strang, Heather J Campbell-Enns, Maia S Kredentsere
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147607.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117644/respectful-care-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-globally-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#8
Elham Shakibazadeh, Masoumeh Namadian, Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Arash Rashidian, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Sofia Madeira, Sebastian Leathersich, Ӧzge Tunçalp, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: What constitutes respectful maternity care (RMC) operationally in research and program implementation is often variable. OBJECTIVES: To develop a conceptualization of RMC. SEARCH STRATEGY: Key databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Global Health Library; grey literature and reference lists of relevant studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Primary qualitative studies focusing on care occurring during labour, childbirth and/or immediate postpartum in health facilities without any restrictions on locations or publication date...
November 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117084/self-management-experiences-of-older-korean-women-with-urinary-incontinence-a-descriptive-qualitative-study-using-focus-groups
#9
Sunah Park, SoonGyo Yeoum, Yoonjung Kim, Hye Jin Kwon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the self-management experiences of Korean women with urinary incontinence (UI). DESIGN: Descriptive, qualitative study using focus groups. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Twenty-two community-dwelling women, 65 years and older, participated in 3 focus-group interviews. Participants were recruited from 2 elderly halls and 1 senior welfare center in South Korea. METHODS: Three focus group interviews comprising 6 to 8 individuals were conducted in a quiet venue at the elderly hall or senior welfare center...
November 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111876/impact-of-anticipated-bias-from-healthcare-professionals-on-perceived-successful-aging-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-older-adults
#10
Ruth V Walker, Sara M Powers, Tarynn M Witten
PURPOSE: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) persons have routinely experienced high rates of violence and discrimination. Discrimination in healthcare can affect the ability of TGNC persons to age successfully as it often deters them from seeking care. The purpose of this study was to determine if anticipation of bias from healthcare professionals, as well as other variables, predicted perceived successful aging in a sample of TGNC adults. METHODS: A total of 384 (of the original 1963) participants older than 50 years completed the relevant parts of an 83-item online survey as part of the Trans MetLife Survey on Later-Life Preparedness and Perceptions in Transgender-Identified Individuals...
November 7, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109661/comparison-of-responsiveness-level-in-iranian-public-and-private-physiotherapy-clinics-a-cross-sectional-multi-center-study
#11
Amin Torabipour, Laleh Gharacheh, Leila Lorestani, Reza Salehi
Introduction: Responsiveness is a main goal of health systems. Responsiveness focus on the non-medical aspects of health services delivery. This study was aimed to assess responsiveness level in public and private physiography clinics. Methods: In this multicenter cross sectional study, 403 patients refers to 16 public and 64 private physical therapy clinics were studied randomly in Ahvaz, Iran, from 2013 to 2014. Data were collected based on a valid health system responsiveness questionnaire that was developed by WHO...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105151/the-importance-of-ethical-aspects-when-implementing-ehealth-services-in-healthcare-a-discussion-paper
#12
Lisa Skär, Siv Söderberg
AIM: The aim of this paper is to discuss the importance of ethical aspects when implementing eHealth services in healthcare. BACKGROUND: Challenges in healthcare today include a growing older population and, as a consequence, an increased need for healthcare services. One possible solution is the use of eHealth services. DESIGN: Discussion paper. DATA SOURCES: Research literature published from 2000 - 2017 in CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100137/sanitation-marketing-a-systematic-review-and-theoretical-critique-using-the-capability-approach
#13
REVIEW
D J Barrington, S Sridharan, K F Shields, S G Saunders, R T Souter, J Bartram
Sanitation is a human right that benefits health. As such, technical and behavioural interventions are widely implemented to increase the number of people using sanitation facilities. These include sanitation marketing interventions (SMIs), in which external support agencies (ESAs) use a hybrid of commercial and social marketing tools to increase supply of, and demand for, sanitation products and services. However, there is little critical discourse on SMIs, or independent rigorous analysis on whether they increase or reduce well-being...
October 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099683/methadone-and-dignity-advanced-medicine-for-the-end-of-life
#14
Carlos Centeno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091234/teaching-nursing-students-to-care-for-patients-who-are-inmates
#15
Kathleen S Ashton
BACKGROUND: Inmates in federal or state correctional facilities or those who are under the custody of local law enforcement officials receive health care in acute care settings, and caring for these inmate-patients is difficult for many nurses. Nurse educators should teach nursing students that nurses care for all patients in all situations with respect for a person's inherent dignity and worth. METHOD: Information from relevant nursing publications was synthesized to provide nurse educators with content that can be useful when teaching nursing students to care for inmate-patients in acute care settings...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073823/mechanical-restraint-and-characteristics-of-patient-staff-and-shifts-in-a-psychiatric-ward
#16
Johanne Sofie Kodal, Jesper Nørgaard Kjær, Erik Roj Larsen
BACKGROUND: The use of coercion is a balance between depriving the patients' autonomy and dignity and preventing endangerment of the body or health of self or others. It is of importance to obtain more knowledge about mechanisms leading to mechanical restraint in the attempt of reducing it. OBJECTIVE: To analyse for associations between incidence of mechanical restraint (MR) and staffing level, staff demographics, patient characteristics, type of shift (day/evening/night) and change of shifts...
October 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071131/understanding-and-defining-sanitation-insecurity-women-s-gendered-experiences-of-urination-defecation-and-menstruation-in-rural-odisha-india
#17
Bethany A Caruso, Thomas F Clasen, Craig Hadley, Kathryn M Yount, Regine Haardörfer, Manaswini Rout, Munmun Dasmohapatra, Hannah Lf Cooper
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that the lived experience of inadequate sanitation may contribute to poor health outcomes above and beyond pathogen exposure, particularly among women. The goal of this research was to understand women's lived experiences of sanitation by documenting their urination-related, defecation-related and menstruation-related concerns, to use findings to develop a definition of sanitation insecurity among women in low-income settings and to develop a conceptual model to explain the factors that contribute to their experiences, including potential behavioural and health consequences...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044289/preoperative-diagnostics-in-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma
#18
Philipp Seifert, Martin Freesmeyer
AIM: The preoperative diagnosis of differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTC) is particularly challenging in view of the high prevalence of thyroid nodules in the general population. Incidental diagnosis of DTC, on the other hand, can lead to reoperations and increased risk of morbidity. This study aimed to assess the prediction value of preoperative DTC dignity assessment and it's impact on surgical approaches. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 107 cases of DTC and subdivided them in three groups based on the preoperative dignity assessment: suspected malignancy (SM), unclear dignity (UD), and incidental findings (IF)...
October 18, 2017: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039691/inefficiency-dignity-and-patient-experience-is-it-time-for-separate-outpatient-diagnostics
#19
Timothy E Murray, Jack J Halligan, Michael J Lee
There is national and international variation in the location of diagnostic imaging centres relative to hospitals. Traditionally diagnostic imaging is performed within a hospital, catering for both inpatient and outpatients. This creates a two-tiered system catering for unstable, complex and emergent inpatients, in addition to typically well, ambulatory outpatients with less complex needs who are often attending an acute hospital for the specific purpose of diagnostic imaging. In both the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, most radiology is provided on-campus by medium-sized state-funded hospitals, reflecting the allocation of resources nationally...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034348/selection-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-cancer-a-difficult-balancing-between-equity-utility-and-benefit
#20
REVIEW
Alessandro Vitale, Quirino Lai
Although liver transplantation (LT) represents the gold-standard strategy for hepatocellular cancer (HCC), its use is circumscribed by several factors like donor shortage, perioperative complications, or competition with other candidates without HCC. Moreover, different alternative approaches like resection or loco-regional therapies may be attempted in selected cases. The best option for the treatment of an HCC patient is a complex decision, involving several ethical principles including: equity (horizontal equity and vertical equity or urgency), and utility...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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