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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319151/ethical-problems-in-an-era-where-disasters-have-become-a-part-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-workers-in-turkey
#1
M Murat Civaner, Kevser Vatansever, Kayihan Pala
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily practice, and can cause preventable harm or the violation of basic human rights. Understanding the types and the determinants of ethical challenges is crucial in order to find the most benevolent action while respecting the dignity of those affected people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314546/liaison-psychiatry-professionals-views-of-general-hospital-care-for-patients-with-mental-illness-the-care-of-patients-with-mental-illness-in-the-general-hospital-setting
#2
J Noblett, A Caffrey, T Deb, A Khan, E Lagunes-Cordoba, O Gale-Grant, C Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Explore the experiences of liaison psychiatry professionals, to gain a greater understanding of the quality of care patients with mental illness receive in the general hospital setting; the factors that affect the quality of care; and their insights on interventions that could improve care. METHODS: A survey questionnaire and qualitative in depth interviews were used to collect data. Data collection took place at the Royal College of Psychiatrists Faculty of Liaison Psychiatry Annual conference...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301700/implementing-california-s-law-on-assisted-dying
#3
Ruchika Mishra
On October 5, 2015, Governor Jerry Brown approved bill ABX2 15, the End of Life Option Act, making California the fifth state in the country to allow physician-assisted dying. The law was modeled after Oregon's 1997 Death with Dignity Act. When the legislative special session ended on March 10, 2016, California health care providers had only ninety days to respond to the state mandate before the law would take effect, on June 9, 2016. Experience with the law so far suggests several challenges with implementation...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299970/human-rights-and-correctional-health-policy-a-view-from-europe
#4
Mary Rogan
Purpose Correctional healthcare should promote the protection of human rights. The purpose of this paper is to bring a discussion of human rights into debates on how such policy should be best organized. Design/methodology/approach The paper achieves its aim by providing an analysis of European prison law and policy in the area of prison health, through assessing decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, as well as policies created by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture. Findings The paper describes the position of the European Court of Human Rights on the topics of access to healthcare, ill health and release from prison, mental illness in prison, and the duty to provide rehabilitative programming for those seeking to reduce their level of "risk...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299297/patients-dignity-and-its-relationship-with-contextual-variables-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Mohammad Zirak, Mansour Ghafourifard, Ebrahim Aliafsari Mamaghani
Introduction: Dignity is considered as fundamental human needs and recognized as one of the central concepts in nursing science. The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which patients' dignity is respected and to evalutae its relationship with contextual variables. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 256 hospitalized patients in the two teaching hospitals affiliated to Zanjan University of medical sciences, Iran. Data were collected by a questionnaire consist of two sections: (a) demographic characteristics, and (b) patient dignity including 32 questions...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299236/computer-aided-detection-fidelity-of-pulmonary-nodules-in-chest-radiograph
#6
Nikolaos Dellios, Ulf Teichgraeber, Robert Chelaru, Ansgar Malich, Ismini E Papageorgiou
AIM: The most ubiquitous chest diagnostic method is the chest radiograph. A common radiographic finding, quite often incidental, is the nodular pulmonary lesion. The detection of small lesions out of complex parenchymal structure is a daily clinical challenge. In this study, we investigate the efficacy of the computer-aided detection (CAD) software package SoftView™ 2.4A for bone suppression and OnGuard™ 5.2 (Riverain Technologies, Miamisburg, OH, USA) for automated detection of pulmonary nodules in chest radiographs...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296534/trends-of-do-not-resuscitate-orders-hospice-care-utilization-and-late-referral-to-hospice-care-among-cancer-decedents-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-taiwan-between-2008-and-2014-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#7
Tzu-Chien Shih, Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Chun-Ku Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Out of respect for terminal patients' dignity and to decrease end-of-life suffering, patients in Taiwan can choose to sign do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders and use hospice care when they are in a terminal condition. OBJECTIVES: To explore the trends and characteristics of hospice care utilization and DNR status among terminal cancer patients. Design and Setting/Subjects: A secondary data analysis was conducted to examine the rate of DNR orders, hospice care utilization, the survival time after DNR order, the duration of survival (DOS) after hospice care enrollment, and the rate of late referral to hospice care among patients who died from malignant cancers in a tertiary hospital in Taiwan between 2008 and 2014...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289140/detention-of-immigrant-children
#8
Julie M Linton, Marsha Griffin, Alan J Shapiro
Immigrant children seeking safe haven in the United States, whether arriving unaccompanied or in family units, face a complicated evaluation and legal process from the point of arrival through permanent resettlement in communities. The conditions in which children are detained and the support services that are available to them are of great concern to pediatricians and other advocates for children. In accordance with internationally accepted rights of the child, immigrant and refugee children should be treated with dignity and respect and should not be exposed to conditions that may harm or traumatize them...
March 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279760/paying-respect-to-human-cadavers-we-owe-this-to-the-first-teacher-in-anatomy
#9
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Every human cadaver which undergoes anatomical dissection enriches medical science and deserves to be treated with utmost respect. The aim of the present study is to identify the practices followed by medical schools across the globe to ensure that the human cadaver is treated with respect and dignity while it is utilized within the domain of medical education. The article undertakes a review of the literature and takes note of the practice of students taking an oath prior to dissecting cadavers whereby they reflect on their conduct and habits in the dissection room...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276916/falling-into-poverty-the-intersectionality-of-meanings-of-hiv-among-overseas-filipino-workers-and-their-families
#10
Mira Alexis Ofreneo, Nico Canoy
Many years of labour migration have opened opportunities as well as exposed overseas Filipino workers to health vulnerabilities. In the light of the increasing number of HIV cases in the country, these workers may be conceived as an at-risk group in need of careful attention. This study, which focuses on the experiences of HIV-positive overseas Filipino workers, describes the meanings HIV carries, together with implications for workers' identities as they return home to their families. Recognising that HIV may affect different groups in different ways, we analysed 13 accounts from heterosexual men and women and gay men from the lens of intersectionality...
March 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#11
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256478/an-exploratory-study-of-patients-perceptions-of-responsiveness-of-tertiary-health-care-services-in-southeast-nigeria-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
M D Ughasoro, O C Okanya, Bsc Uzochukwu, O E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The achievement of universal health coverage in Nigeria requires evaluating the extent the expectation of those who have utilized health-care services are met. The study assessed the level of clients' perceived responsiveness of tertiary hospitals in the provision of specialist health-care services in Nigeria. METHODS: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among adult patients and caregivers of children on admission in three tertiary health facilities in Southeast Nigeria...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256455/dignity-first-aid-in-mental-health
#13
EDITORIAL
Rajesh Sagar, Sathya Prakash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256454/dignity-in-mental-health-practice-research-time-to-unite-on-innovation-outreach-education
#14
EDITORIAL
Douglas Ziedonis, Celine Larkin, Raghu Appasani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255070/patient-values-informing-medical-treatment-a-pilot-community-and-advance-care-planning-survey
#15
S Milnes, C Corke, N R Orford, M Bailey, J Savulescu, D Wilkinson
Medicine regards the prevention of death as an important priority. Yet patients may have a range of priorities of equal or greater importance. These other priorities are often not discussed or appreciated by treating doctors. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify priorities of care for patients attending an advance care planning (ACP) clinic and among the general population, and to identify factors associated with priorities other than prolonging life. METHODS: We used a locally developed survey tool 'What Matters Most' to identify values...
March 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252904/-the-person-inside-the-patient-a-qualitative-research-on-the-dignity-of-people-assisted-in-hospital
#16
Sara Giorgi, Sara Bonfandini, Silvia Rossini
AIM: the dignity of the patient and the respect shown toward him are essential aspects of the nursing profession. Developing a qualified competence is possible only if healthcare professionals feel thoughtfully involved in their role. The purpose of this study is to understand, through actual patients' experiences of hospitalization, which are the key factors affecting patients dignity in order to recognize how to provide sensitive care. METHOD: The survey was conducted in Valcamonica's hospital, on a sample of 20 patients hospitalized here in August 2015, all corresponding to predefined inclusion criteria...
October 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252835/experiences-of-aromatherapy-massage-among-adult-female-cancer-patients-a-qualitative-study
#17
Alice N L Kwong, Simone S M Ho, Karen W S Wan, Rosita M L Ho, K M Chow
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the experiences towards aromatherapy massage (ATM) use, and to examine the perceived benefits and adverse effects of ATM among adult female cancer patients. METHOD: A qualitative research design was used. Fifteen women with cancer were recruited for semi-structured interviews. Sample recruitment was undertaken through cancer self-help groups and referrals of a private aromatherapy clinic by convenience sampling. The interview data were analyzed by thematic analysis...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248457/vulnerability-and-dignity-labeling-problems-away
#18
EDITORIAL
Udo Schuklenk, William Rooney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#19
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230575/patients-and-care-partners-perspectives-on-dignity-and-respect-during-acute-care-hospitalization
#20
Priscilla K Gazarian, Constance R C Morrison, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Orly Tamir, David W Bates, Ronen Rozenblum
BACKGROUND: Delivering patient-centered care (PCC) is essential to our healthcare system. Patient dignity and respect are foundational elements of PCC. Understanding patients' and their care partner's perspectives on the meaning of dignity and respect within a clinical care environment is critical to achieving our goal of PCC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand how patients and their care partners define, describe, and experience dignity and respect during hospitalization...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
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