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Uti prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181009/crispri-induced-suppression-of-fimbriae-gene-fimh-of-a-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-an-approach-to-inhibit-microbial-biofilms
#1
Azna Zuberi, Nayeem Ahmad, Asad U Khan
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one the common infections caused by the recalcitrant nature of biofilms, developed after the pathogen has adhered to the inner lining of the urinary tract. Although significant research has been made in recent years to control these types of infection, but as of yet, no approach has sufficiently been able to reduce the prevalence of UTIs. The main objective of this study was to prevent UTIs through targeting the fimH gene, which is the major virulent factor responsible for biofilm formation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171130/first-experience-in-the-uk-of-treating-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-with-the-bacterial-vaccine-uromune-%C3%A2
#2
Bob Yang, Stephen Foley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of Uromune(®) in preventing recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 77 women with microbiology-proven recurrent UTIs were given Uromune sublingual vaccine for a period of 3 months. Time to first UTI recurrence since treatment and adverse events were prospectively recorded in a follow-up period of up to 12 months. RESULTS: Of the 77 women, 75 completed the treatment...
November 23, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149963/urinary-tract-infections-in-the-first-year-post-kidney-transplantation-potential-benefits-of-treating-asymptomatic-bacteriuria
#3
P Kotagiri, D Chembolli, J Ryan, P D Hughes, N D Toussaint
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the commonest infectious complication in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). No recommendations exist regarding treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria. We aimed to identify potential risk factors and microbiological profile for UTIs, the role of treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria, and effects on graft outcomes of bacteriuria within the first year post-transplantation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of UTIs in KTRs transplanted between January 2012 and December 2013 in 2 transplantation centers...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138974/medical-complications-and-mortality-in-octogenarians-undergoing-elective-spinal-fusion-surgeries
#4
Sharad Rajpal, E Lee Nelson, Alan T Villavicencio, Jayratna Telang, Roshan Kantha, Kara Beasley, Sigita Burneikiene
BACKGROUND: The consequences of suffering postoperative complications in elderly undergoing spinal surgeries may be different compared to younger patients. The primary objective of this study was to identify the types and frequency of medical complications and mortality rates in patients 80 years of age or older undergoing elective spinal fusion surgeries for degenerative spinal disease. METHODS: A prospective observational study with a retrospective chart review was performed, which included all consecutive patients ≥80 years old undergoing elective spinal fusion surgeries from May 2012 to August 2015...
November 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115369/useful-independent-factors-for-distinguish-infection-and-colonization-in-patients-with-urinary-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolation
#5
L López-González, F J Candel, J M Viñuela-Prieto, J González-Del Castillo, A B García, I Pena, I Rodríguez-Avial
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to know epidemiologic and clinical differences among those patients colonized or infected by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and develop a predictive model to facilitate the clinical approach concerning to start antimicrobial therapy. METHODS: Observational retrospective cohort study was performed involving all patients with Urine carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolation (UCPEI) between November 2013 and July 2015...
November 7, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111902/the-effect-of-cranberry-juice-consumption-on-the-recurrence-of-urinary-tract-infection-relationship-to-baseline-risk-factors
#6
Kevin C Maki, Kristin M Nieman, Arianne L Schild, Kerrie L Kaspar, Christina Khoo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess relationships between clinical predictors of urinary tract infection (UTI) and effects of cranberry juice consumption on recurrence in a post hoc analysis of a 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial in women with a recent history of UTI. METHODS: Participants consumed a cranberry (n = 185) or placebo (n = 188) beverage (240 mL) daily. Odds ratios (OR) from 20 candidate predictor variables were evaluated in univariate analyses to assess clinical UTI incidence relationships in the placebo group...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108916/an-evidence-based-protocol-for-antibiotic-use-prior-to-cystoscopy-decreases-antibiotic-usage-without-impacting-post-procedural-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infection-rates
#7
Justin R Gregg, Rohan G Bhalla, J Paul Cook, Caroline Lai, Roger Dmochowski, Thomas R Talbot, Daniel A Barocas
PURPOSE: Symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) is a complication of office-based cystourethroscopy. Studies are mixed regarding the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for UTI prevention. Our aim was to develop and evaluate an evidence-based protocol that reduces unnecessary antibiotic use while avoiding an increase in UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinic antibiogram was created based on all urology office visits performed during a two-year time period. Bacterial resistance rates, institutional risk-related data, and clinical guidelines were used to create a protocol for pre-cystourethroscopy antibiotic use...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102297/the-efficacy-of-probiotics-in-prevention-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Neamatollah Ataei, Alireza Oraii, Jalaledin Mirzay Razaz, Anahita Izadi
BACKGROUND: A consensus has not been reached yet about the efficacy of probiotics in reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to assess the efficacy of probiotics in prevention UTI in children. METHODS: The present study was designed based on guidelines for systematic reviews of clinical trials. Two independent reviewers performed an extensive search in the Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus electronic databases up to the end of 2016...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080255/how-to-stent-the-ureter-after-kidney-transplantation-in-children-a-comparison-of-two-methods-of-urinary-drainage
#9
Anuradha S Ter Haar, Rulan S Parekh, Ralph W J Leunissen, Joop van den, Armando J Lorenzo, Diane Hebert, Mandy G Keijzer-Veen, Karlien Cransberg
Ureteral stenting after pediatric renal transplantation serves to prevent obstruction and urinary leakage, but can also cause complications. This study compares the complication rates of both methods. Data were retrospectively collected at Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (splint group, n = 61) and Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada (JJ catheter group, n = 50). Outcome measures included urological interventions and incidence of UTIs during the first 3 months post-transplantation. The splint was removed after a median of 9 (IQR 8-12), the JJ catheter after 42 (IQR 36-50) days...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078739/effects-of-a-new%C3%A2-combination-of%C3%A2-plant-extracts-plus-d-mannose-for-the-management-of-uncomplicated-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#10
Carlo Genovese, Sergio Davinelli, Katia Mangano, Gianna Tempera, Daria Nicolosi, Salvatore Corsello, Franca Vergalito, Edoardo Tartaglia, Giovanni Scapagnini, Roberto Di Marco
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are an economic burden for public health. The increasing prevalence of resistant bacteria which cause UTIs may be related to the inappropriate prescription of antibiotics. The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate whether three different combinations of plant extracts plus d-mannose are effective in preventing the recurrence of UTIs. Three groups of patients received three combinations of plant extracts in conjunction with d-mannose. These were: berberine, arbutin and birch (group A); berberine, arbutin, birch and forskolin (group B); and proanthocyanidins (group C)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071845/-review-on-advantages-and-evidence-of-treating-and-preventing-urinary-tract-infection-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#11
Guo-Yong Yu, Zhe-Jing Tian, Yue Sun, Han-Wen Yang, Shuai-Jie Han, Run-Pei Miao, Xin-Wen Fu, Min Xiong, Yao-Xian Wang, Jun-Jian Tian
Urinary tract infection (UTI) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) belongs to the category of stranguria. This article describes the unsatisfactory situations in clinical practice such as antibiotics abuse, increasing of drug-resistant bacteria, high recurrence rate, etc. According to evidence-based medicine, literatures as evidence are collected for summarizing and analyzing and the result shows the advantages of TCM of relieving symptoms, reducing the dosage of antibiotics, less side effects, lower recurrence rate, etc...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063878/recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women-how-promising-is-the-use-of-probiotics
#12
REVIEW
Varsha Gupta, Deepika Nag, Pratibha Garg
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) currently rank amongst the most prevalent bacterial infections, representing a major health hazard. UTIs in females usually start as vaginal infections and ascend to the urethra and bladder. Recurrent UTIs (rUTIs) can be defined as at least three episodes of UTI in 1 year or two episodes in 6 months. Various antibiotics have been the mainstay of therapy in ameliorating the incidence of UTIs, but recurrent infections continue to afflict many women. It necessitates the exploitation of alternative antimicrobial therapy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046404/cranberry-reduces-the-risk-of-urinary-tract-infection-recurrence-in-otherwise-healthy-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Zhuxuan Fu, DeAnn Liska, David Talan, Mei Chung
Background: Cranberry (Vaccinium spp.) has been advocated for treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI); however, its efficacy is controversial. Women have a 50% risk of UTI over their lifetime, and ∼20-30% experience a subsequent UTI recurrence.Objective: We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the effect of cranberry on the risk of UTI recurrence in otherwise healthy women.Methods: Literature published before January 2011 was obtained from 2 published systematic reviews, and we conducted updated searches in EMBASE and MEDLINE (through July 2017)...
December 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038902/-urinary-tract-infections-what-has-been-confirmed-in-therapy
#14
REVIEW
J Marcon, C G Stief, G Magistro
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect approximately 150 million people worldwide per year, causing annual health costs of over three billion dollars just in the USA. Every second woman experiences at least one UTI in her lifetime, with every one in four experiencing recurrence. Uncomplicated infections like single or recurrent cystitis and pyelonephritis can be distinguished from complicated disease. UTIs in men can spread to the male glands, causing prostatitis and epididymitis. Antibiotic therapy is the standard procedure for UTIs...
October 16, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024081/the-effect-of-rosa-l-rosa-canina-on-the-incidence-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-puerperium-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Mahdieh Seifi, Shamsi Abbasalizadeh, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Laleh Khodaie, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can occur in any area of the urinary tract which is characterized by a positive urine culture (U/C). The risk of UTI following cesarean section (CS) increases due to procedures such as catheterization. In vitro studies have demonstrated the effect of Rosa canina fruit in preventing Escherichia coli growth. This study was conducted to determine the effect of R. canina fruit in preventing the incidence of UTI in women following CS. This triple-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted in 2016 on 400 women following CS with negative U/C in Alzahra and Taleghani educational hospitals in the city of Tabriz-Iran...
October 11, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017265/antibiotic-overconsumption-in-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-uganda
#16
Musa Sekikubo, Karolina Hedman, Florence Mirembe, Annelie Brauner
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in women. During pregnancy physiological changes, like frequency, mimic UTI symptoms, and therefore bacteriological cultures are needed to confirm the diagnosis. However, in developing countries antibiotic therapy is commonly initiated without culture confirmation. Methods: We investigated the prevalence of bacteriuria among pregnant women with and without UTI symptoms in Uganda...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978286/the-clinical-diagnosis-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Lindsey Korbel, Marianella Howell, John David Spencer
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common and serious bacterial infections encountered by paediatricians and primary care physicians. Although the diagnosis and management of UTI appear simplistic, they remain among the most contentious issues in paediatrics. In part, UTI controversies stem from the absence of classic clinical symptoms, inappropriate urine specimen collection, modified urinary tract imaging recommendations, and diverse treatment and prevention strategies. Recently published guidelines and large clinical trials have attempted to clarify UTI diagnostic and management strategies...
October 5, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974905/recent-advances-in-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-from-pathogenesis-and-biomarkers-to-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) might be one of the most common problems in urological clinics. Recent research has revealed novel evidence about recurrent UTI and it should be considered a different disease from the first infection. The pathogenesis of recurrent UTI might include two mechanisms, bacterial factors and deficiencies in host defense. Bacterial survival in the urinary bladder after antibiotic treatment and progression to form intracellular bacterial communities might be the most important bacterial factors...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973215/urinary-tract-infection
#19
REVIEW
Kalpana Gupta, Larissa Grigoryan, Barbara Trautner
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in both inpatient and outpatient settings. This article provides an evidence-based, clinically relevant overview of management of UTIs, including screening, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Conditions covered include acute cystitis (both uncomplicated and complicated), catheter-associated UTI, and asymptomatic bacteriuria in both women and men.
October 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965960/urinary-tract-infection-in-children-management-in-the-era-of-antibiotic-resistance-a-pediatric-urologist-s-view
#20
REVIEW
Balazs Kutasy, David Coyle, Magdalena Fossum
CONTEXT: Antibiotic resistance to uropathogens has grown significantly worldwide. Today, pediatric urologist experience a situation that needs appropriate action because urinary tract infections are one of the most common bacterial infections in children. OBJECTIVE: In this overview we aimed at presenting the clinical aspects of antibiotic usage in pediatric urology. Our intention was to take part of the important debate regarding future management of bacterial resistance against antibiotics...
April 2017: European Urology Focus
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