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"Vision Rehabilitation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217454/patient-related-barriers-to-rigid-gas-permeable-rgp-lens-wear-among-keratoconus-patients-in-jordan
#1
May M Bakkar, Mera F Haddad, Mohammad Al Qadire
PURPOSE: To assess potential patient-related barriers to rigid gas permeable (RGP) lens wear for vision rehabilitation in a sample of keratoconus (KC) patients in Jordan. METHODS: Barriers for RGP contact lens wear among KC patients were discussed and specified by a focus group which consisted of five optometrists who are involved in contact lens practice. The focus group addressed potential barriers for RGP lens wear from the patient's perspective. The identified barriers were then used to design the final questionnaire used in the study...
December 4, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163077/revisiting-vision-rehabilitation
#2
REVIEW
Claire Meyniel, Bahram Bodaghi, Pierre-Yves Robert
Low vision is a condition caused by eye or brain disease, in which visual acuity is 20/70 (3/10 or 6/18) or poorer in the better-seeing eye and cannot be corrected or improved with regular eyeglasses. It impacts personal ability to perform vision-dependent tasks as activities of daily living, walking, reading or using a computer. Rehabilitation is a multidisciplinary training dedicated to improve patients' functional abilities and quality of life. It has to be personalized to every individual situation, whatever the underlying pathology...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146648/economic-evaluation-of-an-e-mental-health-intervention-for-patients-with-retinal-exudative-diseases-who-receive-intraocular-anti-vegf-injections-e-pseye-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Frank D Verbraak, Machteld Bosscha, Marc A Koopmanschap, Hannie C Comijs, Pim Cuijpers, Ruth M A van Nispen
INTRODUCTION: Because of the great potential of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (anti-VEGF) for retinal exudative diseases, an increased number of patients receives this treatment. However, during this treatment, patients are subjected to frequent invasive intravitreal injections, and the effects on reversing the process of vision loss are uncertain, which may have negative consequences for patients' mental health. One in three patients experience at least mild symptoms of depression/anxiety...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108747/vision-rehabilitation-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#4
Joseph L Fontenot, Mark D Bona, Mona A Kaleem, William M McLaughlin, Terry L Schwartz, John D Shepherd, Mary Lou Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098289/estimates-of-incidence-and-prevalence-of-visual-impairment-low-vision-and-blindness-in-the-united-states
#5
Tiffany Chan, David S Friedman, Chris Bradley, Robert Massof
Importance: Updated estimates of the prevalence and incidence rates of low vision and blindness are needed to inform policy makers and develop plans to meet the future demands for low vision rehabilitation services. Objective: To provide updated estimates of the incidence and prevalence of low vision and blindness in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Visual acuity measurements as a function of age from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, with representation of racial and ethnic groups, were used to estimate the prevalence and incidence of visual impairments...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065012/preferred-retinal-locus-locations-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
Murat Erbezci, Taylan Ozturk
PURPOSE: An evaluation of the preferred retinal locus (PRL) in patients with age-related macular degeneration and a central scotoma is becoming a standard of care in the practice of low-vision rehabilitation. This is a retrospective study of PRL specifications and whether they have a correlation with the best-corrected visual acuities of patients with age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with macular degeneration (144 eyes) were included in the study...
October 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049463/prevalence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-australia-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#7
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible blindness among the elderly population globally. Currently, knowledge of the epidemiology of AMD in Australia remains scarce because of a paucity of recent population-based data. Objective: To examine the prevalence of AMD in Australia. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based, cross-sectional survey performed from March 11, 2015, to April 18, 2016, a sample of 3098 nonindigenous Australians 50 years and older and 1738 indigenous Australians 40 years and older from 30 geographic areas across Australia were examined...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043887/living-with-low-vision-strategies-supporting-daily-activity
#8
Stacy Smallfield, Sue Berger, Brooke Hillman, Paige Saltzgaber, Jarod Giger, Jennifer Kaldenberg
The purpose of this research was to describe the strategies that older adults with low vision use to support daily living. A descriptive qualitative study of 10 older adults with low vision was conducted using semistructured, audio-recorded interviews. The data was coded and grouped into categories, and the findings were summarized. Four major themes were identified: (a) device nonuse; (b) sensory strategies and devices; (c) environmental strategies; and (d) resourcefulness. Older adults with low vision try many devices and strategies to find the ones that allow them to participate in meaningful activity within their physical and social environment...
October 18, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034156/intraocular-lens-opacification-after-descemet-s-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty
#9
Meng-Sheng Lee, I-Lun Tsai, Ching-Yao Tsai, Li-Lin Kuo, Shiow-Wen Liou, Lin-Chung Woung
Compared with conventional penetrating keratoplasty, Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) more effectively maintain global integrity and rapid vision rehabilitation with less ocular surface disorders in patients with endothelial dysfunction. Here, we report a case of a 76-year-old woman who experienced opacification of a hydrophilic intraocular lens (IOL) approximately 10 months after DSAEK. The patient with no history of systemic disease developed pseudophakic bullous keratopathy in the right eye 2 years after undergoing cataract surgery...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952171/need-for-optical-intervention-in-children-attending-a-school-for-the-blind-in-eritrea
#10
Rajendra Gyawali, Vanessa R Moodley
PURPOSE: To identify the need for optical intervention including spectacles and low vision devices (LVDs) in children attending the only school for the blind in Eritrea. METHODS: A total of 92 children were examined using the World Health Organization Prevention of Blindness program form for the recording of children with blindness and vision impairment. Examination included distance and near visual acuity (VA), refraction, trial of LVDs and evaluation of anterior and posterior segments...
September 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924412/adding-access-to-a-video-magnifier-to-standard-vision-rehabilitation-initial-results-on-reading-performance-and-well-being-from-a-prospective-randomized-study
#11
Mary Lou Jackson, Kimberly A Schoessow, Alexandra Selivanova, Jennifer Wallis
PURPOSE: Both optical and electronic magnification are available to patients with low vision. Electronic video magnifiers are more expensive than optical magnifiers, but they offer additional benefits, including variable magnification and contrast. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of access to a video magnifier (VM) added to standard comprehensive vision rehabilitation (VR). METHODS: In this prospective study, 37 subjects with central field loss were randomized to receive standard VR (VR group, 18 subjects) or standard VR plus VM (VM group, 19 subjects)...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845326/results-of-screening-in-schools-for-visually-impaired-children
#12
Pınar Bingöl Kızıltunç, Aysun İdil, Hüban Atilla, Ayşen Topalkara, Cem Alay
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the causes of visual impairment in children attending schools for students with visual impairment and to identify children suitable for treatment and rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All students were examined in our department by a pediatric ophthalmologist and an ophthalmologist experienced in low vision and visual rehabilitation. The children's medical histories were recorded. All children underwent ophthalmological examination including visual acuity measurement, anterior segment and dilated fundus evaluation, retinoscopy with cycloplegia, and intraocular pressure measurement...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820161/ocular-morbidity-patterns-among-children-in-schools-for-the-blind-in-chennai
#13
M Vs Prakash, S Sivakumar, Ashutosh Dayal, A Chitra, Sudharshini Subramaniam
PURPOSE: To identify the morbidity patterns causing blindness in children attending schools for the blind in Chennai and comparing our data with similar studies done previously. METHODS: A cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out in two schools for the blind in Chennai. Blind schools were visited by a team of ophthalmologists and optometrists. Students with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) worse than 3/60 in the better eye were included and relevant history was noted...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764679/economic-evaluation-of-stepped-care-versus-usual-care-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-adults-with-vision-impairment-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Judith E Bosmans, Hannie C Comijs, Ruth M A van Nispen
BACKGROUND: A stepped-care program was found effective in preventing depressive and anxiety disorders in older adults with vision impairment. However, before a decision can be made about implementation, the cost-effectiveness of this program should be investigated. Therefore, we aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of stepped-care versus usual care within low vision rehabilitation. METHODS: An economic evaluation from a societal perspective was performed alongside a multicenter randomized controlled trial...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676352/assessment-of-neuro-optometric-rehabilitation-using-the-developmental-eye-movement-dem-test-in-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#15
Neera Kapoor, Kenneth Joseph Ciuffreda
PURPOSE: This pilot study sought to determine the efficacy of using the Developmental Eye Movement (DEM) test in the adult, acquired brain injury (ABI) population to quantify clinically the effects of controlled, laboratory-performed, oculomotor-based vision therapy/vision rehabilitation. METHODS: Nine adult subjects with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and five with stroke were assessed before and after an eight-week, computer-based, versional oculomotor (fixation, saccades, pursuit, and simulated reading) training program (9...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664572/the-use-of-contact-lenses-in-low-vision-rehabilitation-optical-and-therapeutic-applications
#16
REVIEW
Stephen J Vincent
Ocular pathology that manifests at an early age has the potential to alter the vision-dependent emmetropisation mechanism, which co-ordinates ocular growth throughout childhood. The disruption of this feedback mechanism in children with congenital or early-onset visual impairment often results in the development of significant ametropia, including high levels of spherical refractive error, astigmatism and anisometropia. This review examines the use of contact lenses as a refractive correction, low vision aid and therapeutic intervention in the rehabilitation of patients with bilateral, irreversible visual loss due to congenital ocular disease...
June 29, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573075/development-of-the-ultra-low-vision-visual-functioning-questionnaire-ulv-vfq
#17
Pamela E Jeter, Collin Rozanski, Robert Massof, Olukemi Adeyemo, Gislin Dagnelie
PURPOSE: To develop and psychometrically evaluate a visual functioning questionnaire (VFQ) in an ultra-low vision (ULV) population. METHODS: Questionnaire items, based on visual activities self-reported by a ULV population, were categorized by functional visual domain (e.g., mobility) and visual aspect (e.g., contrast) to ensure a representative distribution. In Round 1, an initial set of 149 items was generated and administered to 90 participants with ULV (visual acuity [VA] ≤ 20/500; mean [SD] age 61 [15] years), including six patients with a retinal implant...
May 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573074/living-with-ultra-low-vision-an-inventory-of-self-reported-visually-guided-activities-by-individuals-with-profound-visual-impairment
#18
Olukemi Adeyemo, Pamela E Jeter, Collin Rozanski, Ellen Arnold, Lauren A Dalvin, Bonnielin Swenor, Gislin Dagnelie
PURPOSE: To understand how individuals with profound visual impairment (ultra-low vision, ULV) use their remaining vision. METHODS: Forty-six participants with ULV (visual acuity ≤ 200/500 in the better seeing eye) were divided into nine focus groups (4-6 individuals per group) and met either in person (n = 2) or over the phone (n = 7). Discussions were guided by the Massof Activity Inventory. Audio recordings were transcribed and analyzed for visual activities that were then classified along two visual categorizations - functional domains and visual aspects...
May 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532346/low-vision-and-plasticity-implications-for-rehabilitation
#19
Gordon E Legge, Susana T L Chung
Low vision is any type of visual impairment that affects activities of daily living. In the context of low vision, we define plasticity as changes in brain or perceptual behavior that follow the onset of visual impairment and that are not directly due to the underlying pathology. An important goal of low-vision research is to determine how plasticity affects visual performance of everyday activities. In this review, we consider the levels of the visual system at which plasticity occurs, the impact of age and visual experience on plasticity, and whether plastic changes are spontaneous or require explicit training...
October 14, 2016: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516509/the-incidence-and-predictors-of-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-older-adults-with-vision-impairment-a-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas J Heesterbeek, Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Johannes W R Twisk, Ruth M A van Nispen
PURPOSE: Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent in older adults with vision impairment. Because symptoms of depression and anxiety appear to fluctuate, it is important to identify patients who are at risk of developing these symptoms for early diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the incidence of subthreshold depression and anxiety, and to investigate predictors of developing symptoms of depression and anxiety in older adults with vision impairment who had no subthreshold depression or anxiety at baseline...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
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