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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768527/approaching-patients-with-hyperreflectivity-and-perplexity-an-empirical-qualitative-investigation
#1
Sidse Marie Arnfred, Paul Møller, Annette Sofie Davidsen
OBJECTIVE: Perplexity and hyperreflectivity are considered important aspects of self-disorders in patients with schizophrenia, yet knowledge of the appropriate psychotherapy for these patients is sparse. We aimed to explore how phenomenological psychologists or psychiatrists described their approach to these patients and their own emotional response when hyperreflectivity and perplexity emerged in therapy or consultations. METHODS: Four e-mail interviews with experienced clinical researchers within the field of phenomenology and schizophrenia were examined using a double hermeneutic qualitative analysis...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767439/lessons-learned-and-next-steps-for-building-knowledge-about-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting
#2
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758581/-managment-of-acute-low-back-pain-without-trauma-an-algorithm
#3
Carolin Melcher, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Wolf Mutschler, Karl-Georg Kanz, Christof Birkenmaier
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common problem for primary care providers, outpatient clinics and A&E departments. The predominant symptoms are those of so-called "unspecific back pain", but serious pathologies can be concealed by the clinical signs. Especially less experienced colleagues have problems in treating these patients, as - despite the multitude of recommendations and guidelines - there is no generally accepted algorithm. METHODS: After a literature search (Medline/Cochrane), 158 articles were selected from 15,000 papers and classified according to their level of evidence...
May 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756044/gender-dysphoria-in-adults-an-overview-and-primer-for-psychiatrists
#4
William Byne, Dan H Karasic, Eli Coleman, A Evan Eyler, Jeremy D Kidd, Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg, Richard R Pleak, Jack Pula
Regardless of their area of specialization, adult psychiatrists are likely to encounter gender-variant patients; however, medical school curricula and psychiatric residency training programs devote little attention to their care. This article aims to assist adult psychiatrists who are not gender specialists in the delivery of respectful, clinically competent, and culturally attuned care to gender-variant patients, including those who identify as transgender or transsexual or meet criteria for the diagnosis of Gender Dysphoria (GD) as defined by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition)...
2018: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755311/interactive-sonification-exploring-emergent-behavior-applying-models-for-biological-information-and-listening
#5
Insook Choi
Sonification is an open-ended design task to construct sound informing a listener of data. Understanding application context is critical for shaping design requirements for data translation into sound. Sonification requires methodology to maintain reproducibility when data sources exhibit non-linear properties of self-organization and emergent behavior. This research formalizes interactive sonification in an extensible model to support reproducibility when data exhibits emergent behavior. In the absence of sonification theory, extensibility demonstrates relevant methods across case studies...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744823/incorporating-neighborhood-choice-in-a-model-of-neighborhood-effects-on-income
#6
Maarten van Ham, Sanne Boschman, Matt Vogel
Studies of neighborhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighborhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research, and it has been argued that estimates of neighborhood effects are biased because people nonrandomly select into neighborhoods based on their preferences, income, and the availability of alternative housing. We propose a two-step framework to disentangle selection processes in the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and earnings...
May 9, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744465/starch-based-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-wound-healing-applications
#7
Vijaya Sadashiv Waghmare, Pallavi Ravindra Wadke, Sathish Dyawanapelly, Aparna Deshpande, Ratnesh Jain, Prajakta Dandekar
Starch is an attractive polymer for wound healing applications because of its wide availability, low cost, biocompatibility, biodegradability and wound-healing property. Here, we have fabricated starch-based nanofibrous scaffolds by electrospinning for wound healing applications. The diameter of the optimized nanofibers was determined by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and was found to be in the range of 110-300 nm. The mechanical strength (0.5-0.8 MPa) of the nanofibrous scaffolds was attuned using polyvinyl alcohol (plasticizer) and glutaraldehyde (crosslinking agent), to impart them with sufficient durability for skin tissue engineering...
September 2018: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737185/neuro-reciprocity-and-vicarious-trauma-in-psychiatrists
#8
Sophie Isobel, Gavin Angus-Leppan
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to briefly overview the processes of neuro-reciprocity relevant to vicarious traumatization of psychiatrists through their clinical roles. CONCLUSIONS: High rates of trauma in mental health service users, understanding of the effects of trauma on the brain and mechanisms of neuro-reciprocity in empathic attunement suggest that psychiatrists are at high risk of vicarious trauma. Preventing vicarious trauma at an organizational level through trauma-informed approaches is of paramount importance...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727598/moving-beyond-the-theoretical-medical-students-desire-for-practical-role-specific-ethics-training
#9
Shana D Stites, Justin Clapp, Stefanie Gallagher, Autumn Fiester
Background It has been widely reported that medical trainees experience situations with profound ethical implications during their clinical rotations. To address this most U.S. medical schools include ethics curricula in their undergraduate programs. However, the content of these curricula vary substantially. Our pilot study aimed to discover, from the students' perspective, how ethics pedagogy prepares medical students for clerkship and what gaps might remain. METHODS: This qualitative study organized focus groups of third- and fourth-year medical students...
May 4, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716433/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-its-association-with-attachment-the-case-of-arab-infants-and-mothers-in-israel
#10
Gubair Tarabeh, Ghadir Zreik, David Oppenheim, Avi Sagi-Schwartz, Nina Koren-Karie
We examined the association between maternal Mind-Mindedness (MM) and secure attachment in an Arab sample in Israel. Seventy-six infant-mother dyads were observed during free play to assess maternal MM and in the Strange Situation Procedure to assess attachment. Mothers of secure infants were hypothesized to use more appropriate and fewer non-attuned mind-related comments than mothers of insecure infants. The results showed that mothers of secure infants used more appropriate mind-related comments than mothers of disorganized infants, with no significant differences compared to mothers of ambivalent infants...
May 2, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715285/is-a-clean-river-fun-for-all-recognizing-social-vulnerability-in-watershed-planning
#11
Bethany B Cutts, Andrew J Greenlee, Natalie K Prochaska, Carolina V Chantrill, Annie B Contractor, Juliana M Wilhoit, Nancy Abts, Kaitlyn Hornik
Watershed planning can lead to policy innovation and action toward environmental protection. However, groups often suffer from low engagement with communities that experience disparate impacts from flooding and water pollution. This can limit the capacity of watershed efforts to dismantle pernicious forms of social inequality. As a result, the benefits of environmental changes often flow to more empowered residents, short-changing the power of watershed-based planning as a tool to transform ecological, economic, and social relationships...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708624/latent-profiles-of-discrimination-and-socialization-predicting-ethnic-identity-and-well-being-among-asian-american-adolescents
#12
Lisa Kiang, Andrew J Supple, Gabriela L Stein
Ethnic identity is rooted in sociocultural processes, but little is known about how social interactions predict its longitudinal changes. Using data from 154 Asian American adolescents, latent profile analysis derived four typologies based on unfair treatment (i.e., discrimination, model minority stereotyping) and ethnic socialization (i.e., cultural socialization, preparation for bias, promotion of mistrust): Low Cultural Salience, High Cultural Salience with Marginalization, Culturally Prepared with Low Mistrust, and High Mistrust/Discrimination...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706364/development-and-validation-of-a-hospital-frailty-risk-score-focusing-on-older-people-in-acute-care-settings-using-electronic-hospital-records-an-observational-study
#13
Thomas Gilbert, Jenny Neuburger, Joshua Kraindler, Eilis Keeble, Paul Smith, Cono Ariti, Sandeepa Arora, Andrew Street, Stuart Parker, Helen C Roberts, Martin Bardsley, Simon Conroy
BACKGROUND: Older people are increasing users of health care globally. We aimed to establish whether older people with characteristics of frailty and who are at risk of adverse health-care outcomes could be identified using routinely collected data. METHODS: A three-step approach was used to develop and validate a Hospital Frailty Risk Score from International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnostic codes...
April 26, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706157/what-happens-to-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-over-time
#14
EDITORIAL
Helen Minnis
Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is one of the most intriguing syndromes in child and adolescent psychiatry but also one of the least understood. We know little about its developmental course in different groups of children, so I was delighted to see the incisive longitudinal work from the Bucharest Early Intervention Study by Guyon-Harris and colleagues.1 My own interest in DSED was sparked back in the early 1990s, when a travel bug had taken me to Guatemala and I had found a job in an orphanage...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698012/reconsidering-the-links-between-sibship-size-maternal-sensitivity-and-child-attachment-a-multidimensional-interactive-approach
#15
Annie Bernier, Raphaële Miljkovitch, George M Tarabulsy, Marie-Soleil Sirois, Heidi N Bailey
Despite being a well-documented predictor of children's cognitive and social development, sibship has received remarkably little attention in the attachment and maternal sensitivity literature. The only study that has examined both sensitivity and attachment in relation to sibship found greater maternal sensitivity but no more secure attachment among first-born infants. In the current study, we sought to examine the same links while testing two related hypotheses: that sibship size relates only to some specific aspects of sensitivity, and that sibship size relates to sensitivity only among certain mothers, namely those who are at risk for suboptimal parenting because of an insecure attachment state of mind...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682425/description-and-spatial-inference-of-soil-drainage-using-matrix-soil-colours-in-the-lower-hunter-valley-new-south-wales-australia
#16
Brendan P Malone, Alex B McBratney, Budiman Minasny
Soil colour is often used as a general purpose indicator of internal soil drainage. In this study we developed a necessarily simple model of soil drainage which combines the tacit knowledge of the soil surveyor with observed matrix soil colour descriptions. From built up knowledge of the soils in our Lower Hunter Valley, New South Wales study area, the sequence of well-draining → imperfectly draining → poorly draining soils generally follows the colour sequence of red → brown → yellow → grey → black soil matrix colours...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671662/goal-setting-dynamics-that-facilitate-or-impede-a-client-centered-approach
#17
Dorothy Kessler, Ian Walker, Katrine Sauvé-Schenk, Mary Egan
BACKGROUND: Client-centred goal setting is central to the process of enabling occupation. Yet, there are multiple barriers to incorporating client-centred goal setting in practice. We sought to determine what might facilitate or impede the formation of client-centred goals in a context highly supportive of client-centred goal setting Methods: We used conversational analysis to examine goal-setting conversations that took place during a pilot trial of Occupational Performance Coaching for stroke survivors...
April 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668522/the-art-and-artifice-of-seeking-feedback-clerkship-students-approaches-in-asking-for-feedback
#18
Robert Bing-You, Victoria Hayes, Tamara Palka, Marybeth Ford, Robert Trowbridge
PURPOSE: As attention has shifted to learners as significant partners in feedback interactions, it is important to explore what feedback-seeking behaviors medical students use and how the faculty-student relationship affects feedback-seeking behaviors. METHOD: This qualitative study was inspired by the organizational psychology literature. Third-year medical students were interviewed at Maine Medical Center in April-May 2017 after completing a traditional block-rotation clerkship or a nine-month longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC)...
April 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667754/estrogen-regulated-expression-of-p450arom-genes-in-the-brain-and-ovaries-of-adult-female-indian-climbing-perch-anabas-testudineus
#19
Puja Pal, Sujata Roy Moulik, Shreyasi Gupta, Payel Guha, Suravi Majumder, Sourav Kundu, Buddhadev Mallick, Kousik Pramanick, Dilip Mukherjee
Cytochrome P450arom (CYP19), a product of cyp19a1 gene, catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens and is essential for regulation of reproductive function in vertebrates. In the present study, we isolated partial cDNA encoding the ovarian (cyp19a1a) and brain (cyp19a1b) P450arom genes from adult female perch, Anabas testudineus and investigated their regulation by estrogen in vivo. Results demonstrated that cyp19a1a and cyp19a1b predominate in ovary and brain respectively, with quantity of both attuned to reproductive cycle...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657348/rawls-s-wide-reflective-equilibrium-as-a-method-for-engaged-interdisciplinary-collaboration-potentials-and-limitations-for-the-context-of-technological-risks
#20
Neelke Doorn, Behnam Taebi
The introduction of new technologies in society is sometimes met with public resistance. Supported by public policy calls for "upstream engagement" and "responsible innovation," recent years have seen a notable rise in attempts to attune research and innovation processes to societal needs, so that stakeholders' concerns are taken into account in the design phase of technology. Both within the social sciences and in the ethics of technology, we see many interdisciplinary collaborations being initiated that aim to address tensions between various normative expectations about science and engineering and the actual outcomes...
May 2018: Science, Technology & Human Values
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