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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925341/physiological-attunement-in-mother-infant-dyads-at-clinical-high-risk-the-influence-of-maternal-depression-and-positive-parenting
#1
Cassandra L Hendrix, Zachary N Stowe, D Jeffrey Newport, Patricia A Brennan
A growing number of research studies have examined the intradyadic coregulation (or attunement) of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning in mothers and their children. However, it is unclear how early this coregulation may be present in dyads at clinical high risk and whether certain factors, such as maternal depression or positive parenting, are associated with the strength of this coregulation. The present study examined cortisol attunement within mother-infant dyads in a high-risk sample of 233 mothers who received treatment for psychiatric illness during pregnancy and whose infants were 6 months old at the study visit...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925329/reflective-functioning-maternal-attachment-mind-mindedness-and-emotional-availability-in-adolescent-and-adult-mothers-at-infant-3-months
#2
Cristina Riva Crugnola, Elena Ierardi, Maria Paola Canevini
The study evaluated reflective functioning (RF), maternal attachment, mind-mindedness, and emotional availability among 44 adolescent mother-infant dyads and 41 adult mother-infant dyads. At infant age 3 months, mother-infant interaction was coded with the mind-mindedness coding system and Emotional Availability Scales; mother attachment and RF were evaluated with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). Adolescent mothers (vs. adult mothers) were more insecure and had lower RF; they were also less sensitive, more intrusive and hostile, and less structuring of their infant's activity; they used fewer attuned mind-related comments and fewer mind-related comments appropriate to infant development...
September 19, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919737/bacterial-membrane-vesicles-as-novel-nanosystems-for-drug-delivery
#3
REVIEW
Sapna Jain, Jonathan Pillai
Bacterial membrane vesicles (BMVs) are closed spherical nanostructures that are shed naturally and ubiquitously by most bacterial species both in vivo and in vitro. Researchers have elucidated their roles in long-distance transport of a wide array of cargoes, such as proteins, toxins, antigens, virulence factors, microbicidal agents and antibiotics. Given that these natural carriers are important players in intercellular communication, it has been hypothesized that they are equally well attuned for transport and delivery of exogenous therapeutic cargoes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916139/online-adaptive-radiation-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Stephanie Lim-Reinders, Brian M Keller, Shahad Al-Ward, Arjun Sahgal, Anthony Kim
The current paradigm of radiation therapy has the treatment planned on a snapshot dataset of the patient's anatomy taken at the time of simulation. Throughout the course of treatment, this snapshot may vary from initial simulation. Although there is the ability to image patients within the treatment room with technologies such as cone beam computed tomography, the current state of the art is largely limited to rigid-body matching and not accounting for any geometric deformations in the patient's anatomy. A plan that was once attuned to the initial simulation can become suboptimal as the treatment progresses unless improved technologies are brought to bear...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903672/cognitive-and-interpersonal-features-of-intellectual-humility
#5
Mark R Leary, Kate J Diebels, Erin K Davisson, Katrina P Jongman-Sereno, Jennifer C Isherwood, Kaitlin T Raimi, Samantha A Deffler, Rick H Hoyle
Four studies examined intellectual humility-the degree to which people recognize that their beliefs might be wrong. Using a new Intellectual Humility (IH) Scale, Study 1 showed that intellectual humility was associated with variables related to openness, curiosity, tolerance of ambiguity, and low dogmatism. Study 2 revealed that participants high in intellectual humility were less certain that their beliefs about religion were correct and judged people less on the basis of their religious opinions. In Study 3, participants high in intellectual humility were less inclined to think that politicians who changed their attitudes were "flip-flopping," and Study 4 showed that people high in intellectual humility were more attuned to the strength of persuasive arguments than those who were low...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890602/learning-a-talker-or-learning-an-accent-acoustic-similarity-constrains-generalization-of-foreign-accent-adaptation-to-new-talkers
#6
Xin Xie, Emily B Myers
Past research has revealed that native listeners use top-down information to adjust the mapping from speech sounds to phonetic categories. Such phonetic adjustments help listeners adapt to foreign-accented speech. However, the mechanism by which talker-specific adaptation generalizes to other talkers is poorly understood. Here we asked what conditions induce crosstalker generalization in talker accent adaptation. Native-English listeners were exposed to Mandarin-accented words, produced by a single talker or multiple talkers...
December 2017: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887796/enabling-work-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-persons-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Alexa Jane T Blas, Kenneth Matthew B Beltran, Pauline Gail V Martinez, Daryl Patrick G Yao
Purpose This review aims to map the scope of published research on occupational therapy (OT) interventions and pertinent work and work-related outcomes for persons with occupational injuries and diseases. Methods The scoping review adapted Arksey and O'Malley's framework. Six electronic databases were searched. Ancestral search was also done on five systematic reviews. The search was conducted from September 2015 to October 2015. Interventions and outcomes were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to plot trends...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875734/characterization-of-the-scope-and-magnitude-of-biotin-interference-in-susceptible-roche-elecsys-competitive-and-sandwich-immunoassays
#8
Christina Trambas, Zhong Lu, Tina Yen, Ken Sikaris
Background Biotin interference is a significant problem to which at-risk laboratories must now be attuned. We sought to systematically characterize the nature of this interference in Roche immunoassays. Methods Known concentrations of biotin were titrated into serum samples and the effects on competitive and sandwich immunoassays were analysed. The maximum and minimum concentrations examined reflect those likely to be achieved in individuals on 5 to 10 mg supplements at the lower end, and 100 to 300 mg biotin at the high end...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855883/long-term-practice-with-domain-specific-task-constraints-influences-perceptual-skills
#9
Luca Oppici, Derek Panchuk, Fabio R Serpiello, Damian Farrow
The long-term impact of practice with different task constraints on perceptual skill is relatively un-explored. This study examined the influence of extensive practice, i.e., more than a 1000 h of structured practice, with domain-specific task constraints on perceptual skill associated with the passing action. Despite performing the same passing skill, it is not known whether long-term exposure to specific soccer or futsal task constraints influences the players' attunement to environmental information. This study examined this issue by assessing the attention orientation of soccer (n = 24) and futsal players (n = 24) during modified games (6 vs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853312/-unpacking-father-involvement-in-the-context-of-childhood-neurodisability-research-a-scoping-review
#10
Aline Bogossian, Gillian King, Lucyna M Lach, Melissa Currie, David Nicholas, Ted McNeill, Michael Saini
BACKGROUND: In the past thirty years, theoretical and empirical scholarship on father involvement has emerged and firmly established itself. Efforts to define, measure, and explore outcomes related to father involvement in the context of childhood neurodisability are evident but less well established. The purpose of this study was to systematically map empirical studies on father involvement in the context of childhood neurodisability in order to delineate the current state of research and to highlight profitable directions for future research...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840630/the-music-therapy-session-assessment-scale-mt-sas-validation-of-a-new-tool-for-music-therapy-process-evaluation
#11
Alfredo Raglio, Marco Gnesi, Maria Cristina Monti, Osmano Oasi, Marta Gianotti, Lapo Attardo, Giulia Gontero, Lara Morotti, Sara Boffelli, Chiara Imbriani, Cristina Montomoli, Marcello Imbriani
BACKGROUND: Music therapy (MT) interventions are aimed at creating and developing a relationship between patient and therapist. However, there is a lack of validated observational instruments to consistently evaluate the MT process. AIM: The purpose of this study was the validation of Music Therapy Session Assessment Scale (MT-SAS), designed to assess the relationship between therapist and patient during active MT sessions. METHODS: Videotapes of a single 30-min session per patient were considered...
August 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836828/navigating-the-social-synapse-the-neurobiology-of-bedside-manner
#12
Sophia Parnas, Sophie Isobel
OBJECTIVES: This paper seeks to explore the application of neurobiology to further understanding the importance of developing, refining and modelling good bedside manner in psychiatry. The concept of a social synapse is used as a framework to understand the impact of verbal and non-verbal information that crosses between two attuned individuals. Research shows that widely distributed cortical and subcortical networks are involved in processing of social information and the perception of safety...
August 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831937/-pain-reduction-during-vaccination-of-young-children
#13
B van Vreeswijk, N G P Bos-Veneman, S A Reijneveld
- Children have the right to pain mitigation during vaccination.- There are several simple, non-costly and safe interventions to effectively reduce pain during vaccination.- To improve the Dutch vaccination praxis, it is essential to train professionals in the use of these interventions.- Using the vaccination technique described in the guideline of the Dutch National Immunisation Programme results in pain reduction.- As a pain-reducing intervention at every vaccination procedure, the healthcare professional can give the child and parents a feeling of being in control by explaining about the vaccination procedure, pain and pain reduction and by vaccinating in calm, low-stimulus surroundings...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813258/the-added-value-of-rodent-models-in-studying-parental-influence-on-offspring-development-opportunities-limitations-and-future-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Jelle Knop, Marian Joëls, Rixt van der Veen
Over the past decades, the influence of parental care on offspring development has been a topic of extensive research in both human and animal models. Rodent models offer several unique advantages over human studies, allowing for higher levels of environmental control, exploration of interventions, genetic control and examination of underlying neurobiological mechanisms in greater spatiotemporal detail. Although exploitation of these opportunities has led to increased understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying susceptibility to the early-life environment, translation of results to human parenting and child development appears to be challenging...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813254/adapting-to-the-changing-needs-of-adolescents-parenting-practices-and-challenges-to-sensitive-attunement
#15
REVIEW
Roger Kobak, Caroline Abbott, Abigail Zisk, Nadia Bounoua
Changes in adolescents' motivations and capabilities pose unique challenges to parents who play a continuing role in ensuring the youth's safety and well-being. We describe sensitively attuned parenting as an optimal response to this challenge and summarize practices of positive engagement, supervision/guidance and open communication that support sensitive attunement and facilitate the continuing development of the adolescent's self-confidence, autonomous decision-making, and communication skills. We then consider factors that require parents to adapt their practices to the particular needs and developmental level of the adolescent...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812268/oxytocin-and-human-evolution
#16
C Sue Carter
A small, but powerful neuropeptide, oxytocin coordinates processes that are central to both human reproduction and human evolution. Also embedded in the evolution of the human nervous system are unique pathways necessary for modern human sociality and cognition. Oxytocin is necessary for facilitating the birth process, especially in light of anatomical restrictions imposed by upright human locomotion, which depends on a fixed pelvis. Oxytocin, by facilitating birth, allowed the development of a large cortex and a protective bony cranium...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796578/sharing-sex-secrets-on-facebook-a-content-analysis-of-youth-peer-communication-and-advice-exchange-on-social-media-about-sexual-health-and-intimate-relations
#17
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
Social media present opportunities and challenges for sexual health communication among young people. This study is one of the first to examine the actual use of Facebook for peer communication of sexual health and intimate relations. Content analysis of 2186 anonymous posts in a "sex secrets" Facebook page unofficially affiliated with a Hong Kong University shows gender balance among posters, inclusiveness of sexual minorities, and frequent sharing of personal experiences in storytelling or advice seeking...
September 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776002/can-people-identify-original-and-manipulated-photos-of-real-world-scenes
#18
Sophie J Nightingale, Kimberley A Wade, Derrick G Watson
Advances in digital technology mean that the creation of visually compelling photographic fakes is growing at an incredible speed. The prevalence of manipulated photos in our everyday lives invites an important, yet largely unanswered, question: Can people detect photo forgeries? Previous research using simple computer-generated stimuli suggests people are poor at detecting geometrical inconsistencies within a scene. We do not know, however, whether such limitations also apply to real-world scenes that contain common properties that the human visual system is attuned to processing...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763416/the-cd45lowcd271high-cell-prevalence-in-bone-marrow-samples-may-provide-a-useful-measurement-of-the-bone-marrow-quality-for-cartilage-and-bone-regenerative-therapy
#19
Jehan J El-Jawhari, Richard Cuthbert, Dennis McGonagle, Elena Jones, Peter V Giannoudis
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow aspirates and concentrates are increasingly being used for musculoskeletal regenerative therapies, providing bone and cartilage progenitors. However, the quality of these bone marrow samples remains imprecise within clinical settings. As there is a need for the development of these therapies, a method of counting CD45CD271 cells was optimized and tested as an indicator of bone marrow sample quality. METHODS: Bone marrow aspirates were collected from 54 donors (28 male and 26 female; median age of 48 years)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750956/therapeutically-efficient-components-of-basic-body-awareness-therapy-as-perceived-by-experienced-therapists-a-qualitative-study
#20
Amelie Ambolt, Gunvor Gard, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund
BACKGROUND: Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapeutic method used in rehabilitation to increase physical and emotional balance. The aim was to identify and describe perceived therapeutically efficient components of BBAT. METHODS: Twenty-four experienced BBAT therapists participated in focus group interviews. The data were analysed with content analysis. RESULTS: One central theme, the therapeutic space consisted of two categories; the therapeutic encounter and the therapeutic tools, which emerged as the core of the perceived therapeutically efficient components...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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