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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432008/turkish-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-validity-and-reliability-among-university-students
#1
Murat Bas, Kezban Esen Karaca, Duygu Saglam, Gozde Arıtıcı, Ecem Cengiz, Selen Köksal, Aylin Hasbay Buyukkaragoz
Intuitive Eating is defined as "the dynamic process-integrating attunement of mind, body, and food". The purpose of this study was, therefore, adapt the IES-2 to the Turkish language and reliability and validity of IES-2 among Turkish populations. We also examined the instrument's internal consistency and test-retest reliability and analysed the relationships between the IES-2 and several variables so as to evaluate the convergent and discriminant validity. Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate and postgraduate women and men between the ages of 19-31 years (mean 22...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418263/systematic-bias-in-predictions-of-new-drugs-budget-impact-analysis-of-a-sample-of-recent-us-drug-launches
#2
Michael S Broder, Jenelle M Zambrano, Jackie Lee, Richard S Marken
OBJECTIVE: Expectations about the budget impact of new drug launches may affect payer behavior and ultimately consumer costs. Therefore, we evaluated the accuracy of pre-launch US budget impact estimates for a sample of new drugs. METHODS: We searched for publicly available budget impact estimates made pre-launch for drugs approved in the US from 1(st) September 2010 to 1(st) September 2015 and compared them to actual sales. Accuracy was calculated as the ratio of pre-launch estimate to actual sales...
April 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411919/complications-of-renal-surgery
#3
REVIEW
William T Berg, Jeffrey J Tomaszewski, Hailiu Yang, Anthony Corcoran
The incidence of the small renal mass continues to increase owing to the aging population and the ubiquity imaging. Most of these tumors are stage I tumors. Management strategies include surveillance, ablation, and extirpation. There is a wide body of literature favoring nephron-sparing approaches. Although nephron-sparing surgery may yield decreased long-term morbidity, it is not without its drawbacks, including a higher rate of complications. Urologists must be attuned to the complications of surgery and develop strategies to minimize risk...
May 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411473/adaptive-attunement-of-selective-covert-attention-to-evolutionary-relevant-emotional-visual-scenes
#4
Andrés Fernández-Martín, Aída Gutiérrez-García, Juan Capafons, Manuel G Calvo
We investigated selective attention to emotional scenes in peripheral vision, as a function of adaptive relevance of scene affective content for male and female observers. Pairs of emotional-neutral images appeared peripherally-with perceptual stimulus differences controlled-while viewers were fixating on a different stimulus in central vision. Early selective orienting was assessed by the probability of directing the first fixation towards either scene, and the time until first fixation. Emotional scenes selectively captured covert attention even when they were task-irrelevant, thus revealing involuntary, automatic processing...
April 12, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392915/case-series-report-of-navigation-based-in%C3%A2-vivo-knee-kinematics-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-a-gradually-reducing-femoral-radius-design
#5
Hiroshi Takagi, Soshi Asai, Atsushi Sato, Masahiko Maekawa, Humiyoshi Kawashima, Koji Kanzaki
BACKGROUND: Simulations show that paradoxical anterior femoral slide in conventional dual radius total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is initiated by sudden reduction of the femoral radius from distal to posterior. Therefore, we hypothesized that a new TKA prosthesis design with a gradually reducing femoral radius may minimize the anterior slide in navigation-based in vivo knee kinematics. The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of TKA in vivo using a prosthesis with a gradually reducing radius, in comparison with the conventional dual radius design...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389366/musical-rhythm-and-pitch-a-differential-effect-on-auditory-dynamics-as-revealed-by-the-n1-mmn-p3a-complex
#6
E Sebastian Lelo de Larrea-Mancera, Yaneth Rodríguez-Agudelo, Rodolfo Solís-Vivanco
Music represents a complex form of human cognition. To what extent our auditory system is attuned to music is yet to be clearly understood. Our principal aim was to determine whether the neurophysiological operations underlying pre-attentive auditory change detection (N1enhancement (N1e)/Mismatch Negativity (MMN)) and the subsequent involuntary attentional reallocation (P3a) towards infrequent sound omissions, are influenced by differences in musical content. Specifically, we intended to explore any interaction effects that rhythmic and pitch dimensions of musical organization may have over these processes...
April 4, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383986/facial-gender-interferes-with-decisions-about-facial-expressions-of-anger-and-happiness
#7
D Vaughn Becker
The confounded signal hypothesis maintains that facial expressions of anger and happiness, in order to more efficiently communicate threat or nurturance, evolved forms that take advantage of older gender recognition systems, which were already attuned to similar affordances. Two unexplored consequences of this hypothesis are (1) facial gender should automatically interfere with discriminations of anger and happiness, and (2) controlled attentional processes (like working memory) may be able to override the interference of these particular expressions on gender discrimination...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379107/gender-and-sex-trading-among-active-methamphetamine-users-in-cape-town-south-africa
#8
Ryan R Lion, Melissa H Watt, Wendee M Wechsberg, Christina S Meade
BACKGROUND: South Africa has experienced a tremendous rise in methamphetamine use since the year 2000. Sex trading is a global phenomenon that has been observed in active drug users and has been associated with risks for HIV infection and violence. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes and examines the correlates of sex trading among active methamphetamine users in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Through peer referral, 360 (201 male; 159 female) active methamphetamine users were recruited in a peri-urban township...
May 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367052/articulating-what-infants-attune-to-in-native-speech
#9
Catherine T Best, Louis M Goldstein, Hosung Nam, Michael D Tyler
To become language users, infants must embrace the integrality of speech perception and production. That they do so, and quite rapidly, is implied by the native-language attunement they achieve in each domain by 6-12 months. Yet research has most often addressed one or the other domain, rarely how they interrelate. Moreover, mainstream assumptions that perception relies on acoustic patterns whereas production involves motor patterns entail that the infant would have to translate incommensurable information to grasp the perception-production relationship...
October 1, 2016: Ecological Psychology: a Publication of the International Society for Ecological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332098/acute-aortic-syndromes-update-in-current-medical-management
#11
REVIEW
Jacqueline H Morris, Doran Mix, Scott J Cameron
Advances in medical therapy and non-surgical percutaneous options to manage the specter of acute aortic syndromes have improved both patient morbidity and mortality. There are key features in the patient history and initial exam which physicians should be attuned to in order to diagnose acute aortic syndromes such as aortic dissection, penetrating aortic ulcer, and intramural hematoma. Once recognized, early initiation of the appropriate pharmacologic therapy is important, and further appreciating the limitations of such therapy before considering a surgical approach is critical to improve patient outcomes...
April 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326992/thai-rate-varied-vowel-length-perception-and-the-impact-of-musical-experience
#12
Angela Cooper, Yue Wang, Richard Ashley
Musical experience has been demonstrated to play a significant role in the perception of non-native speech contrasts. The present study examined whether or not musical experience facilitated the normalization of speaking rate in the perception of non-native phonemic vowel length contrasts. Native English musicians and non-musicians (as well as native Thai control listeners) completed identification and AX (same-different) discrimination tasks with Thai vowels contrasting in phonemic length at three speaking rates...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299797/processes-that-inform-multicultural-supervision-a-meta-analysis
#13
Nilou B Tohidian, Karen Mui-Teng Quek
As the fields of counseling and psychotherapy have become more cognizant that individuals, couples, and families bring with them a myriad of diversity factors into therapy, multicultural competency has also become a crucial component in the development of clinicians during clinical supervision and training. We employed a qualitative meta-analysis to provide a detailed and comprehensive description of similar themes identified in primary qualitative studies that have investigated supervisory practices with an emphasis on diversity...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295269/role-and-value-of-clinical-pharmacy-in-heart-failure-management
#14
Wendy Gattis Stough, J Herbert Patterson
Effectively managing heart failure requires a multi-disciplinary, holistic approach attuned to many factors: diagnosis of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities; medication, device, or surgical management; concomitant treatment of comorbidities; physical rehabilitation; dietary considerations; and social factors. This practice paper highlights the pharmacist's role in the management of patients with heart failure, the evidence supporting their functions, and steps to ensure the pharmacist resource is available to the broad population of patients with heart failure...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280350/residents-experiences-of-relationships-with-nurses-in-community-based-supported-housing-a-qualitative-study-based-on-giorgi-s-method-of-analysis-and-self-psychology
#15
Solrun Brenk Rønning, Stål Bjørkly
One of the prioritizations in the World Health Organization's (WHO) Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020 is the provision of community mental health and social care services, such as supported housing. The ongoing process of such deinstitutionalization has raised issues concerning the impact on users' quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore how residents in supported housing experience receiving professional help and how they perceived their relationships with nurses. The second aim was to investigate the relevance of Giorgi's method of analysis and self psychology in analyzing these experiences...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279711/altered-saccadic-targets-when-processing-facial-expressions-under-different-attentional-and-stimulus-conditions
#16
Frank A Boutsen, Justin D Dvorak, Vinay K Pulusu, Elliott D Ross
Depending on a subject's attentional bias, robust changes in emotional perception occur when facial blends (different emotions expressed on upper/lower face) are presented tachistoscopically. If no instructions are given, subjects overwhelmingly identify the lower facial expression when blends are presented to either visual field. If asked to attend to the upper face, subjects overwhelmingly identify the upper facial expression in the left visual field but remain slightly biased to the lower facial expression in the right visual field...
March 13, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257127/electrosensory-capture-during-multisensory-discrimination-of-nearby-objects-in-the-weakly-electric-fish-gnathonemus-petersii
#17
Sarah Schumacher, Theresa Burt de Perera, Gerhard von der Emde
Animal multisensory systems are able to cope with discrepancies in information provided by individual senses by integrating information using a weighted average of the sensory inputs. Such sensory weighting often leads to a dominance of a certain sense during particular tasks and conditions, also called sensory capture. Here we investigated the interaction of vision and active electrolocation during object discrimination in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. Fish were trained to discriminate between two objects using both senses and were subsequently tested using either only vision or only the active electric sense...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251445/a-phenomenological-construct-of-caring-among-spouses-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Janice Gullick, Mark Krivograd, Susan Taggart, Susana Brazete, Lise Panaretto, John Wu
The aim of this study was interpret the existential construct of family caring following Acute Coronary Syndrome. Family support is known to have a positive impact on recovery and adjustment after cardiac events. Few studies provide philosophically-based, interpretative explorations of carer experience following a spouse's ischaemic event. As carer experiences, behaviours and meaning-making may impact on the quality of the support they provide to patients, further understanding could improve both patient outcomes and family experience...
March 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250181/pupil-mimicry-conditions-trust-in-partners-moderation-by-oxytocin-and-group-membership
#19
Mariska E Kret, Carsten K W De Dreu
Across species, oxytocin, an evolutionarily ancient neuropeptide, facilitates social communication by attuning individuals to conspecifics' social signals, fostering trust and bonding. The eyes have an important signalling function; and humans use their salient and communicative eyes to intentionally and unintentionally send social signals to others, by contracting the muscles around their eyes and pupils. In our earlier research, we observed that interaction partners with dilating pupils are trusted more than partners with constricting pupils...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246024/experts-perspectives-toward-a-population-health-approach-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#20
Elizabeth S Barnert, Ryan J Coller, Bergen B Nelson, Lindsey R Thompson, Vincent Chan, Cesar Padilla, Thomas S Klitzner, Moira Szilagyi, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVE: Because children with medical complexity (CMC) display very different health trajectories, needs, and resource utilization than other children, it is unclear how well traditional conceptions of population health apply to CMC. We sought to identify key health outcome domains for CMC as a step toward determining core health metrics for this distinct population of children. METHODS: We conducted and analyzed interviews with 23 diverse national experts on CMC to better understand population health for CMC...
February 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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