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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299797/processes-that-inform-multicultural-supervision-a-meta-analysis
#1
Nilou B Tohidian, Karen Mui-Teng Quek
As the fields of counseling and psychotherapy have become more cognizant that individuals, couples, and families bring with them a myriad of diversity factors into therapy, multicultural competency has also become a crucial component in the development of clinicians during clinical supervision and training. We employed a qualitative meta-analysis to provide a detailed and comprehensive description of similar themes identified in primary qualitative studies that have investigated supervisory practices with an emphasis on diversity...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295269/role-and-value-of-clinical-pharmacy-in-heart-failure-management
#2
Wendy Gattis Stough, J Herbert Patterson
Effectively managing heart failure requires a multi-disciplinary, holistic approach attuned to many factors: diagnosis of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities; medication, device, or surgical management; concomitant treatment of comorbidities; physical rehabilitation; dietary considerations; and social factors. This practice paper highlights the pharmacist's role in the management of patients with heart failure, the evidence supporting their functions, and steps to ensure the pharmacist resource is available to the broad population of patients with heart failure...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280350/residents-experiences-of-relationships-with-nurses-in-community-based-supported-housing-a-qualitative-study-based-on-giorgi-s-method-of-analysis-and-self-psychology
#3
Solrun Brenk Rønning, Stål Bjørkly
One of the prioritizations in the World Health Organization's (WHO) Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020 is the provision of community mental health and social care services, such as supported housing. The ongoing process of such deinstitutionalization has raised issues concerning the impact on users' quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore how residents in supported housing experience receiving professional help and how they perceived their relationships with nurses. The second aim was to investigate the relevance of Giorgi's method of analysis and self psychology in analyzing these experiences...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279711/altered-saccadic-targets-when-processing-facial-expressions-under-different-attentional-and-stimulus-conditions
#4
Frank A Boutsen, Justin D Dvorak, Vinay K Pulusu, Elliott D Ross
Depending on a subject's attentional bias, robust changes in emotional perception occur when facial blends (different emotions expressed on upper/lower face) are presented tachistoscopically. If no instructions are given, subjects overwhelmingly identify the lower facial expression when blends are presented to either visual field. If asked to attend to the upper face, subjects overwhelmingly identify the upper facial expression in the left visual field but remain slightly biased to the lower facial expression in the right visual field...
March 13, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257127/electrosensory-capture-during-multisensory-discrimination-of-nearby-objects-in-the-weakly-electric-fish-gnathonemus-petersii
#5
Sarah Schumacher, Theresa Burt de Perera, Gerhard von der Emde
Animal multisensory systems are able to cope with discrepancies in information provided by individual senses by integrating information using a weighted average of the sensory inputs. Such sensory weighting often leads to a dominance of a certain sense during particular tasks and conditions, also called sensory capture. Here we investigated the interaction of vision and active electrolocation during object discrimination in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. Fish were trained to discriminate between two objects using both senses and were subsequently tested using either only vision or only the active electric sense...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251445/a-phenomenological-construct-of-caring-among-spouses-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
Janice Gullick, Mark Krivograd, Susan Taggart, Susana Brazete, Lise Panaretto, John Wu
The aim of this study was interpret the existential construct of family caring following Acute Coronary Syndrome. Family support is known to have a positive impact on recovery and adjustment after cardiac events. Few studies provide philosophically-based, interpretative explorations of carer experience following a spouse's ischaemic event. As carer experiences, behaviours and meaning-making may impact on the quality of the support they provide to patients, further understanding could improve both patient outcomes and family experience...
March 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250181/pupil-mimicry-conditions-trust-in-partners-moderation-by-oxytocin-and-group-membership
#7
Mariska E Kret, Carsten K W De Dreu
Across species, oxytocin, an evolutionarily ancient neuropeptide, facilitates social communication by attuning individuals to conspecifics' social signals, fostering trust and bonding. The eyes have an important signalling function; and humans use their salient and communicative eyes to intentionally and unintentionally send social signals to others, by contracting the muscles around their eyes and pupils. In our earlier research, we observed that interaction partners with dilating pupils are trusted more than partners with constricting pupils...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246024/experts-perspectives-toward-a-population-health-approach-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#8
Elizabeth S Barnert, Ryan J Coller, Bergen B Nelson, Lindsey R Thompson, Vincent Chan, Cesar Padilla, Thomas S Klitzner, Moira Szilagyi, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Because children with medical complexity (CMC) display very different health trajectories, needs, and resource utilization than other children, it is unclear how well traditional conceptions of population health apply to CMC. We sought to identify key health outcome domains for CMC as a step toward determining core health metrics for this distinct population of children. METHODS: We conducted and analyzed interviews with 23 diverse national experts on CMC to better understand population health for CMC...
February 25, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209157/stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-implementation-of-genetic-carrier-screening-in-a-changing-landscape
#9
Kim C A Holtkamp, Evelien M Vos, Tessel Rigter, Phillis Lakeman, Lidewij Henneman, Martina C Cornel
BACKGROUND: In most countries, genetic carrier screening is neither offered, nor embedded in mainstream healthcare. Technological developments have triggered a two-fold transition in carrier screening: the expansion from screening one single disorder to many disorders simultaneously, and offering screening universally, regardless of ancestry. This study aims to identify general and population-specific barriers and needs reflected by stakeholders regarding the implementation of carrier screening in a changing landscape...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198128/the-relationship-between-an-orientation-to-the-future-and-an-orientation-to-the-past-the-role-of-future-clarity
#10
Simon A Moss, Samuel G Wilson, Melanie Irons, Carmen Naivalu
Some research shows that people who often contemplate their future tend to be healthier. Yet the burgeoning literature on mindfulness demonstrates that people who are more attuned to their immediate experiences also enjoy many benefits. To reconcile these principles, many scholars recommend that people should distribute their attention, somewhat evenly, across the past, present, and future-but have not clarified how people should achieve this goal. We test the possibility that people who perceive their future as vivid and certain, called future clarity, might be able to both orient their attention to the future as well as experience mindfulness...
February 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181877/an-in-silico-biomarker-based-method-for-the-evaluation-of-virtual-neuropsychiatric-drug-effects
#11
Peter J Siekmeier
The recent explosion in neuroscience research has markedly increased our understanding of the neurobiological correlates of many psychiatric illnesses, but this has unfortunately not translated into more effective pharmacologic treatments for these conditions. At the same time, researchers have increasingly sought out biological markers, or biomarkers, as a way to categorize psychiatric illness, as these are felt to be closer to underlying genetic and neurobiological vulnerabilities. While biomarker-based drug discovery approaches have tended to employ in vivo (e...
February 9, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166209/a-tight-tunable-range-for-ni-ii-sensing-and-buffering-in-cells
#12
Andrew W Foster, Rafael Pernil, Carl J Patterson, Andrew J P Scott, Lars-Olof Pålsson, Robert Pal, Ian Cummins, Peter T Chivers, Ehmke Pohl, Nigel J Robinson
The metal affinities of metal-sensing transcriptional regulators co-vary with cellular metal concentrations over more than 12 orders of magnitude. To understand the cause of this relationship, we determined the structure of the Ni(II) sensor InrS and then created cyanobacteria (Synechocystis PCC 6803) in which transcription of genes encoding a Ni(II) exporter and a Ni(II) importer were controlled by InrS variants with weaker Ni(II) affinities. Variant strains were sensitive to elevated nickel and contained more nickel, but the increase was small compared with the change in Ni(II) affinity...
February 6, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159138/working-toward-family-attunement-family-therapy-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Deborah Coolhart, Daran L Shipman
Families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth often seek therapy for assistance in understanding, accepting, and supporting their child. This article describes a gender-affirmative approach to family therapy and outlines strategies for addressing common challenges faced by the families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth. Therapy begins by assessing family attunement and working with parents, siblings, and other family members to better support the youth. Once family attunement is achieved, therapy can begin to explore options for gender expression and/or transition...
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157995/large-aperture-ground-glass-surface-profile-measurement-using-coherence-scanning-interferometry
#14
Eundeok Bae, Yunseok Kim, Sanguk Park, Seung-Woo Kim
We present a coherence scanning interferometer configured to deal with rough glass surfaces exhibiting very low reflectance due to severe sub-surface light scattering. A compound light source is prepared by combining a superluminescent light-emitting diode with an ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier. The light source is attuned to offer a short temporal coherence length of 15 μm but with high spatial coherence to secure an adequate correlogram contrast by delivering strongly unbalanced optical power to the low reflectance target...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140727/relational-interaction-in-occupational-therapy-conversation-analysis-of-positive-feedback
#15
Elina Weiste
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic relationship is an important factor for good therapy outcomes. The primary mediator of a beneficial therapy relationship is clinician-client interaction. However, few studies identify the observable interactional attributes of good quality relational interactions, e.g. offering the client positive feedback. OBJECTIVE: The present paper aims to expand current understanding of relational interaction by analyzing the real-time interactional practices therapists use for offering positive feedback, an important value in occupational therapy...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119171/let-s-play-an-observational-study-of-primary-care-physical-therapy-with-preterm-infants-aged-3-14-months
#16
Ragnhild B Håkstad, Aud Obstfelder, Gunn Kristin Øberg
INTRODUCTION: Sensory-motor play is at the core of child development and an important element in physical therapist(PT)s' work to improve infants' motor skills. In this study, we investigate how PTs scaffold and use play in physical therapy intervention with preterm infants at corrected age (CA) 3-14 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected data by observing 20 physical therapy sessions. In the analysis, we connected to enactive theory on cooperation. RESULTS: Successful use of sensory-motor play in physical therapy requires cooperation toward common goals...
January 21, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116264/failure-of-polyethelene-insert-locking-mechanism-after-a-posterior-stabilised-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#17
Gurava Reddy Ay, Soundar Rajan D, Chiranjeevi T, Karthik C, Krishna Kiran E
INTRODUCTION: Disengagement of polyethylene insert used in total knee arthroplasty is a rare but serious complication. Still rarer is disengagement because of failure of tibial insert locking mechanism. We report a previously unpublished complication of polyethylene insert locking mechanism failure in a 10-months-old posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty in a 70-year-old woman with osteoarthritis for whom Attune (Depuy) knee implant was used. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old female underwent (Attune, Depuy) primary bilateral posterior stabilised total knee arthroplasty in a private hospital...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109759/how-much-does-the-anatomical-tibial-component-improve-the-bony-coverage-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Cheng Jin, Eun-Kyoo Song, Jatin Prakash, Sung-Kyu Kim, Chee Ken Chan, Jong-Keun Seon
BACKGROUND: Recently, anatomical designs in total knee arthroplasty are introduced to address asymmetry of the resected tibia cutting surface. It is still not well known how much improvement would be achieved in total knee arthroplasty, especially in Asian knees. METHODS: We evaluated the bony coverage of 4 commercially available posterior-stabilized tibial designs (3 symmetrical: NexGen, Attune, and Vega; 1 anatomical: Persona) by measuring uncovered areas over 3 different regions: lateroposterior (LP), medioposterior (MP), and mediolateral (ML) areas...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109133/the-prognostic-and-therapeutic-application-of-micrornas-in-breast-cancer-tissue-and-circulating-micrornas
#19
REVIEW
Afsane Bahrami, Seyed Amir Aledavoud, Kazem Anvari, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Mina Maftouh, Ali Yaghobzade, Omid Salarzaee, Soodabeh ShahidSales, Amir Avan
Breast cancer is the second most common malignancy diagnosed in women, supporting the need for identification of novel prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers. Recently, microRNAs have emerged as molecular regulators that can have key roles in pathogenesis and progression of different malignancies, including breast cancer. Micro-RNAs can be circulated in body fluid, suggesting their values as non-invasive marker. There is growing body of evidence showing the aberrant activation of some known circulating miRNAs, e...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095076/impaired-player-coach-perceptions-of-exertion-and-recovery-during-match-congestion
#20
Steven H Doeven, Michel S Brink, Wouter G P Frencken, Koen A P M Lemmink
During intensified phases of competition, attunement of exertion and recovery is crucial to maintain performance. Although a mismatch between coach' and players' perceptions of training load is demonstrated, it is unknown if these discrepancies also exist for match exertion and recovery. PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to determine match exertion, subsequent recovery and to investigate to what extent the coach is able to estimate players' match exertion and recovery. METHODS: Rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and Total quality of recovery (TQR) of 14 professional basketball players (age 26...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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