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Ji Yeon Hong, Eun Ja Choi, Sun Young Choi, Kapsok Li, Beom Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Comparative research on the characteristics of filler products is limited, especially in the preclinical analysis of hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to compare the preclinical characteristics, clinical efficacy, and safety of a new HA filler, IDHF-001, with Restylane SubQ in the treatment of nasolabial folds (NLFs). METHODS: Viscoelasticity and injection force were evaluated. Ninety-one subjects were enrolled in this randomized, patient/evaluator-blind, intraindividual clinical study...
March 13, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Hai-Yan Cheng, Yu-Xin Chen, Mei-Fang Wang, Jun-Ying Zhao, Lin-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Pneumatic injections of non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid are effective in skin rejuvenation, however, the associated biophysical parameters and appearance have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in skin biophysical parameters after facial pneumatic injections of non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy female volunteers received pneumatic injections of non-cross-linked hyaluronic acid into the face for consecutive 5 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Jin-Wen Liu, Yu-Min Wang, Chong-Hua Zhang, Lu-Ying Duan, Zheng Li, Ru-Qin Yu, Jian-Hui Jiang
Unique physicochemical characteristics of graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) nanosheets suit them a useful tool for two-photon fluorescence bioimaging. Current g-CN nanosheets based imaging probes typically use the "always-on" design strategies, which may suffer from increased fluorescence background and limited contrast. To advance corresponding applications, g-CN nanosheets based activatable two-photon fluorescence probes remain to be explored. For the first time, we developed an activatable two-photon fluorescence probe, constructed from a nanoassembly of g-CN nanosheets and hyaluronic acid (HA)-gold nanoparticles (HA-AuNPs), for detection and imaging of hyaluronidase (HAase) in cancer cells...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Mat Nicholls, Ajay Manjoo, Peter Shaw, Faizan Niazi, Jeffrey Rosen
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to compare the properties of currently available intra-articular hyaluronate (IA-HA) products widely available in the USA to those of healthy knee synovial fluid with respect to their bulk rheological properties. We hypothesize that products would have differing rheological properties, with some more closely resembling the properties and physiological aspects of healthy joint fluid HA. METHODS: We obtained reported HA product molecular weights, as well as measurements of the presence of cross-linking, zero shear rate viscosity, shear thinning ratio, and crossover frequency for the following IA-HA products available in the USA: Euflexxa® , Orthovisc® , Supartz® , Monovisc® , Synvisc® , Synvisc-One® , Gel-One® , and Hyalgan® ...
March 14, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Dingchun Li, Wu Li, Yihui Chen, Lihui Liu, Dehong Ma, Hongtu Wang, Lu Zhang, Shenjun Zhao, Qin Peng
Hepatic fibrosis is resulted from sustained wound-healing responses to various harmful stimuli, including viral infection, drug toxicity, alcohol, and autoimmune hepatopathy, and it has recently attracted the attention of an increasing number of researchers and clinical workers. The aims of this study were to examine the anti-fibrotic effects of extracts of Periplaneta americana (EPA) on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats, to preliminary determine the anti-fibrotic efficacy of EPA, and to identify a potential and effective therapeutic agent to attenuate hepatic fibrosis...
March 12, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jonathan V Martin, David M Liberati, Lawrence N Diebel
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremia is a common problem affecting critically ill patients, whether due to underlying pathology or the subsequent result of hypertonic fluid resuscitation. Numerous studies have been published suggesting that hypernatremia may adversely affect the vascular endothelial glycocalyx. Our study aimed to evaluate if high sodium concentration would impair the endothelial and glycocalyx barrier function and if stress conditions that simulate the shock microenvironment would exacerbate any observed adverse effects of hypernatremia...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Gangliang Huang, Hualiang Huang
Hyaluronic acid has good biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nonimmunogenicity. In addition, it has the ability to recognize specific receptors that are overexpressed on the surface of tumor cells, and cancer drugs can be targeted to the tumor cells to better kill them. Therefore, hyaluronic acid has attracted much attention as drug delivery vehicle. Herein, the application of hyaluronic acid as carrier in drug delivery was analyzed and summarized in detail. It showed that hyaluronic acid would have broad prospects for drug delivery...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Poonam Parashar, Meena Rathor, Monika Dwivedi, Shubhini A Saraf
Lung carcinoma is the most common cancer in men and second in women (preceded by breast cancer) worldwide. Around 1 in 10 of all cancers diagnosed in men, lung cancer contributed to a total fraction of 20% cancer deaths. Naringenin (NAR) is well known for its chemopreventive properties since ancient times but lacks an appropriate delivery carrier. The objective of present study was to expand the functionality of naringenin loaded poly caprolactone (PCL) nanoparticles in terms of release, chemoprevention and therapeutics...
March 12, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Doh Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed available literature to evaluate the success rate of fat myringoplasty compared with methods using other graft materials and suggests proper indications for this procedure. DATA SOURCES: Studies reporting the success rate of fat myringoplasty were systematically reviewed by searching the MEDLINE, PubMed, and Embase databases for studies published from database inception to 2017. STUDY SELECTION: The following terms were used for the literature search: ("Fat" OR "Adipose") and ("Myringoplasty" OR "Tympanoplasty")...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Kevin Taliaferro, Alexander Crawford, Justin Jabara, Jonathan Lynch, Edward Jung, Raimonds Zvirbulis, Trevor Banka
BACKGROUND: Intraarticular steroid injections are a common first-line therapy for severe osteoarthritis, which affects an estimated 27 million people in the United States. Although topical, oral, intranasal, and inhalational steroids are known to increase intraocular pressure in some patients, the effect of intraarticular steroid injections on intraocular pressure has not been investigated, to the best of our knowledge. If elevated intraocular pressure is sustained for long periods of time or is of sufficient magnitude acutely, permanent loss of the visual field can occur...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Felipe Rivas, Osama K Zahid, Heidi L Reesink, Bridgette T Peal, Alan J Nixon, Paul L DeAngelis, Aleksander Skardal, Elaheh Rahbar, Adam R Hall
Hyaluronan (or hyaluronic acid, HA) is a ubiquitous molecule that plays critical roles in numerous physiological functions in vivo, including tissue hydration, inflammation, and joint lubrication. Both the abundance and size distribution of HA in biological fluids are recognized as robust indicators of various pathologies and disease progressions. However, such analyses remain challenging because conventional methods are not sufficiently sensitive, have limited dynamic range, and/or are only semi-quantitative...
March 12, 2018: Nature Communications
Marcus S Niepel, Fadi Almouhanna, Bhavya K Ekambaram, Matthias Menzel, Andreas Heilmann, Thomas Groth
BACKGROUND: Cells possess a specialized machinery through which they can sense physical as well as chemical alterations in their surrounding microenvironment that affect their cellular behavior. AIM: In this study, we aim to establish a polyelectrolyte multilayer system of 24 layers of poly-l-lysine and hyaluronic acid to control stem cell response after chemical cross-linking. METHODS AND RESULTS: The multilayer build-up process is monitored using different methods, which show that the studied polyelectrolyte multilayer system grows exponentially following the islands and islets theory...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Teresa Veselack, Gregoire Aldebert, Ana-Maria Trunfio-Sfarghiu, Thomas M Schmid, Michel P Laurent, Markus A Wimmer
Introduction: Pre-clinical testing of hemiarthroplasty devices requires that the tribological conditions present in vivo with live cartilage be closely duplicated. A current limitation in the tribological testing of live cartilage involves the use of cell-culture media as lubricant. Study Aim: to develop and test a new hyaluronan-phospholipid based medium (HA-phospholipid medium) that combines the rheological and frictional properties of synovial fluid with the nourishing properties of culture media to keep cells alive...
2018: Lubricants
Richard Simman, Walid Mari, Sara Younes, Michael Wilson
Objectives: To analyze the efficacy of a hyaluronic acid--based matrix in the treatment of lesions where the extracellular matrix was lost. Methods: Prospective, noncomparative clinical case series. Results: Twelve patients with 12 serious surgical wounds of different etiologies participated in this project. Many defects showed exposed muscle, tendons, and/or bone. After thorough debridement, a hyaluronic acid--based matrix, with a removable, semipermeable silicone top layer, was applied for the purpose of generating a neodermis...
2018: Eplasty
Yu Cheng, Xiaoxiao Tan, Jinping Wang, Yidan Wang, Yilin Song, Qing You, Qi Sun, Li Liu, Siyu Wang, Fengping Tan, Jiao Li, Nan Li
Recently, ultrasmall gadolinium oxide (Gd2 O3 ) nanoparticles with high longitudinal relaxation rate have received enormous attention. However, it can't be concentrated in tumor site through intravenous administration due to its ultrasmall size. In this project, we coated ultrasmall Gd2 O3 nanoparticles with a near-infrared (NIR) light-absorbing polymer polypyrrole (PPy), modifying with hyaluronic acid (HA) and loaded aluminum phthalocyanine (AlPc), the Gd2 O3 @PPy/AlPc-HA nanoparticles could be used for fluorescence (FL)/magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) imaging guided as well as remotely controlled PTT/PDT combined anti-tumor therapy...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
João Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos, Patrícia Isabel Jorge
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an oral joint supplement in working dogs with hip osteoarthritis compared with a positive control group (CG). Fifteen animals were divided in treatment group (TG, n = 10) and CG (n = 5). To TG a commercially available joint supplement, containing glucosamine HCl, chondroitin sulphate, and hyaluronic acid was given for 40 days and a 70-day course of a placebo, to be administered as if it was carprofen. The CG received carprofen for 70 days, and a placebo to be administered as the joint supplement...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Haiying Li, Yuhan Xue, Bei Jia, Yun Bai, Yueyue Zuo, Shugeng Wang, Yanyan Zhao, Wenzhi Yang, Hongbo Tang
A series of hyaluronic acid grafted pullulan (HA-g-Pu) polymers with different hyaluronic acid (HA) moieties degrees of substitution (DS) were synthesized and characterized by fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H NMR) and differential scanning calorimetry measurement (DSC). Compared to pure HA, HA-g-Pu polymers obtained better anti-enzymatic degradation ability in vitro, and the degradation rate of HA-g-Pu polymers depended on their different DS of HA moieties. The HA-g-Pu films were made of leaf-shape cascading arrangement with many small porous ranging from 0 to 100 μm in diameter when observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
May 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Marta Michalska-Sionkowska, Beata Kaczmarek, Maciej Walczak, Alina Sionkowska
In this study polymeric blends based on collagen, chitosan and hyaluronic acid in the form of thin films with the addition of gentamicin sulfate were obtained. Surface morphology of films was evaluated based on atomic force microscopy images. Surface free energy was measured and its polar and dispersive components were calculated. Moreover, oxygen and water vapor permeability through the material were measured as well as the water content in materials was studied. Thermal stability was determined by differential scanning calorimetry...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Dae Gon Lim, Racelly Ena Prim, Eunah Kang, Seong Hoon Jeong
The self-organizing complexes with hyaluronic acid (HA) and polydopamine (PDA), an adhesion mediator via hydrogen bonding, were investigated for use as protein drug carriers. The complexes were prepared with HA of different molecular weights (20 kDa and 200 kDa) and various molar ratios of dopamine and lysozyme, a model protein. Dopamine-conjugated HA (HADA)/PDA complexes were prepared by one-pot synthesis by relying on the self-polymerization of dopamine under oxidative, weakly basic conditions. Lysozyme was bound via coacervation and hydrogen bonding into HADA/PDA complexes...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Jianqin Tang, Huige Zhou, Xiaoyang Hou, Liming Wang, Yaxi Li, Yanyu Pang, Chunying Chen, Guan Jiang, Yanqun Liu
Chemotherapy is an important treatment for malignant tumors; however, its efficacy and clinical application are limited by its side effects and drug resistance properties. Chemotherapy and phototherapy exhibit synergistic anti-tumor effects. In the present study, a carboxylated poly(amido-amine) (PAMAM) with low cytotoxicity was synthesized as a delivery nanocarrier for loading chemotherapeutic drugs, temozolomide (TMZ), and fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG). Hyaluronic acid (HA), which targets the CD44-overexpressing cancer cells, was modified on the nanocarrier surface to enhance the selective killing of melanoma cells...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Letters
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