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Xiaoniu Tang, Wei Hu, Yechao Lv, Wenqi Zhang, Tian Sun, Yuxin Jiang, Xiaodong Zhan, Shulin Zhou
BACKGROUND Polysaccharides from bivalves have multiple bioactivities in various aspects of biology. However, the role of a polysaccharide derived from Amusium pleuronectes on potential hepatoprotective effects remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS A water-soluble polysaccharide was isolated from Amusium pleuronectes (APS-1) using ultrasound-assisted hot-water extraction. The molecular weight of APS-1 was approximately 11.7 kDa and was determined by calibration with dextran. APS-1 was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and mainly consisted of a uniform glucose polymer...
March 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nelson S Yee
Progress has been made in the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers through advances in systemic therapies, surgical interventions, and radiation therapy. At the Multi-Disciplinary Patient Care in Gastrointestinal Oncology conference, the faculty members of the Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center presented a variety of topics that focused on this sub-specialty. This conference paper highlights the new development in systemic treatment of various malignant diseases in the digestive system. Results of the recent clinical trials that investigated the clinical efficacy of pegylated hyaluronidase, napabucasin, and L-asparaginase in pancreatic carcinoma are presented...
March 16, 2018: Biomedicines
Sathyadeepak Ramesh, Danica Fiaschetti, Robert A Goldberg
The authors herein describe a case of orbital and ocular ischemic syndrome with blindness after cosmetic hyaluronic acid filler injection. Orbital function, but not visual function, returned after treatment with orbital hyaluronidase and corticosteroids.
March 14, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jin-Wen Liu, Yu-Min Wang, Chong-Hua Zhang, Lu-Ying Duan, Zheng Li, Ru-Qin Yu, Jian-Hui Jiang
Unique physicochemical characteristics of graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) nanosheets suit them a useful tool for two-photon fluorescence bioimaging. Current g-CN nanosheets based imaging probes typically use the "always-on" design strategies, which may suffer from increased fluorescence background and limited contrast. To advance corresponding applications, g-CN nanosheets based activatable two-photon fluorescence probes remain to be explored. For the first time, we developed an activatable two-photon fluorescence probe, constructed from a nanoassembly of g-CN nanosheets and hyaluronic acid (HA)-gold nanoparticles (HA-AuNPs), for detection and imaging of hyaluronidase (HAase) in cancer cells...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Reenu Anne Joy, Narendranath Vikkath, Prasanth S Ariyannur
Hyaluronan is a ubiquitous high-molecular weight polymer of repeated disaccharides of glucuronic acid and N-acetylglucosamine. It is a membrane-bound, viscous material extruded into the extracellular matrix after being synthesized in the cytoplasm by hyaluronan synthases complex and a regulated degradation by a group of enzymes called hyaluronidases. Hyaluronan has varied biological roles on many vital organismal functions, such as cellular and tissue development, migration and repair after injury or inflammation and cancer genesis...
March 28, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
Heloisa H M Della-Colleta, Hernandes F Carvalho
Hyaluronan (HA) has been implicated in tissue remodeling, healing, and tumor growth. This study investigated the variation in hyaluronan content, distribution, and metabolism in the rat ventral prostate in response to androgen deprivation after castration. Hyaluronan synthases (HAS 1-3) and hyaluronidases (Hyal 1-3) mRNA abundance and CD44 (a HA receptor) distribution were assessed by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. The results demonstrated an increasingly concentration, but an overall reduction of HA content...
March 13, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Steven Fagien, Jean Carruthers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Mala Mahendroo
Cervical hyaluronan (HA) synthesis is robustly induced in late pregnancy in numerous species including women and mice. Recent evidence highlights the diverse and dynamic functions of HA in cervical biology that stem from its expression in the cervical stroma, epithelia and immune cells, changes in HA molecular weight and cell specific expression of HA binding partners. Mice deficient in HA in the lower reproductive tract confirm a structural role of HA to increase spacing and disorganization of fibrillar collagen, though this function is not critical for pregnancy and parturition...
March 3, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Heinrich Rüschen, Kavitha Aravinth, Catey Bunce, Desta Bokre
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronidase has been used over many decades as an adjunct to local anaesthetic solution to improve the speed of onset of eye blocks and to provide better akinesia and analgesia. With the evolution of modern eye surgery techniques, fast onset and akinesia are not essential requirements anymore. The assumption that the addition of hyaluronidase to local anaesthetic injections confers better analgesia for the patient needs to be examined. There has been no recent systematic review to provide evidence that hyaluronidase actually improves analgesia...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nicola Zerbinati, Torello Lotti, Damiano Monticelli, Virginia Martina, Giovanna Cipolla, Edoardo D'Este, Alberto Calligaro, Roberto Mocchi, Cristina Maccario, Sabrina Sommatis, Jacopo Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Georgi Tchernev, Katlein França
Neauvia Intense is biocompatible, injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) filler PEG cross-linked for facial soft-tissue augmentation that provides volume to tissues. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Neauvia Intense in hyaluronidase from bovine testes in a time-course analysis. The test is based on the colourimetric determination of the N-acetyl - D - glucosamine (NAG) released by the hyaluronidase in standardised conditions. The in vitro conditions involve the treatment of Neauvia Intense with a known concentration of the enzyme (6080U/ml)...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Haiping Jiang, Xinyan Shi, Xiaoyun Yu, Xinjia He, Yongheng An, Haijun Lu
PURPOSE: In this study, we have successfully prepared the hyaluronic acid (HA)-conjugated mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to increase the anticancer efficacy in colon cancers. METHODS: The particles were nanosized and perfectly spherical. In vitro release kinetics clearly showed the enzyme-sensitive release of 5-FU from HA-conjugated 5-FU loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HA/FMSN). RESULTS: The presence of HA on the surface of nanoparticles targeted the CD44 receptors overexpressed in the colon cancer cells In vitro cell viability and apoptosis assay clearly showed the superior anticancer effect of HA/FMSN in HT29 colon cancer cells...
February 23, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Raven Henderson, Debra A Reilly, Jeffrey S Cooper
Natural and synthetic fillers have revolutionized aesthetic facial rejuvenation and soft-tissue augmentation. We present a case highlighting the dangers of filler self-injection. A 37-year-old woman self-injected a dermal filler around both temples. She immediately experienced left--side hearing loss, blanching over the left face, and pain. Prompt treatment with hyaluronidase, topical nitro paste, and warm compresses ensued. An emergency computed tomography angiogram showed occlusion of a superficial temporal artery branch...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Isadora Sousa de Oliveira, Iara Aimê Cardoso, Karla de Castro Figueiredo Bordon, Sante Emmanuel Imai Carone, Johara Boldrini-França, Manuela Berto Pucca, Karina Furlani Zoccal, Lúcia Helena Faccioli, Suely Vilela Sampaio, José César Rosa, Eliane Candiani Arantes
Individual variations studies are important to understand the snakebite envenoming and to improve the antivenom production and its effectiveness. In this way, the objective of this study was a comparative analysis of intraspecific variation in the venom composition of 22 Crotalus durissus collilineatus specimens through proteomic techniques. Venoms were fractionated by RP-FPLC, and analyzed by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. Although similar, chromatographic and electrophoretic profiles showed significant qualitative and quantitative differences...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Ho-Yong Lee, Chang-Ha Hwang, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Seol-Ha Jeong
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been widely investigated because of its excellent biocompatibility and its ability to form hydrogels with various chemical modifications. However, HA hydrogels undergo rapid degradation and exhibit poor mechanical stability under physiological conditions. Tannic acid (TA), a naturally occurring polyphenol found in plants and fruits, has recently attracted interest as a crosslinking agent because of its abundant hydroxyl groups. In this study, we prepared HA hydrogels chemically crosslinked by polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether (PEGDE) and treated with TA in an attempt to enhance the physical properties of HA hydrogels...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Fernanda Gobbi Amorim, Johara Boldrini-França, Karla de Castro Figueiredo Bordon, Iara Aimê Cardoso, Edwin De Pauw, Loïc Quinton, Simone Kashima, Eliane Candiani Arantes
In general, hyaluronidases have a broad potential application on medicine and esthetics fields. Hyaluronidases from animal venoms cleave hyaluronan present in the extracellular matrix, acting as spreading factors of toxins into the tissues of the victim. However, the in-depth characterization of hyaluronidase from animal venoms has been neglected due to its instability and low concentration in the venom, which hamper its isolation. Thus, heterologous expression of hyaluronidase acts as a biotechnological tool in the obtainment of enough amounts of the enzyme for structural and functional studies...
February 17, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Flaviana Vieira, Janaina V Guimarães, Marcia C S Souza, Poliana M L Sousa, Rafaela F Santos, Agueda M R Z Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence for management and preservation of perineal integrity during the expulsive stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review that employed the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome strategy to formulate the research question: Which perineal measure(s) is(are) effective in maintaining perineal integrity during labor? The search was performed in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SciELO. The ten selected studies were analyzed based on their level of evidence and grade of recommendation...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Maniya Arshadi, Mahmood Mahmoudi, Moloud Sadat Motahar, Saber Soltani, Mohammad Reza Pourmand
Background: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of antibiotic-resistance and virulence genes in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from different sources in southwest Iran from Mar to Sep 2015. Methods: Overall, 120 E. faecium isolates (80 VRE and 40 vancomycin-susceptible enterococci [VSE] isolates) were obtained from four hospitals. The resistance of the VRE isolates was determined by disk diffusion method. Multiplex PCR was performed to detect the virulence genes carried by the E...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Basavarajaiah Swethakumar, Somanathapura K NaveenKumar, Gajanan D Katkar, Kesturu S Girish, Kempaiah Kemparaju
BACKGROUND: E. carinatus bite is a serious threat to South-Asian countries including India, as it causes the highest number of deaths and debilitating sustained tissue necrosis at the bite site. One of our previous studies has demonstrated the strong interaction between DNA and E. carinatus venom. Therefore, in this study, the effect of DNA on E. carinatus venom has been examined. METHODS: Here we show that calf thymus DNA interact strongly with E. carinatus venom and inhibits its enzymatic and pharmacological activities such as proteolytic, hemolytic, hyaluronidase, L-amino acid oxidase, NETosis, hemorrhage, pro-coagulant, and lethality...
February 6, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Warren Knudson, Shinya Ishizuka, Kenya Terabe, Emily B Askew, Cheryl B Knudson
The story of hyaluronan in articular cartilage, pericellular hyaluronan in particular, essentially is also the story of aggrecan. Without properly tethered aggrecan, the load bearing function of cartilage is compromised. The anchorage of aggrecan to the cell surface only occurs due to the binding of aggrecan to hyaluronan-with hyaluronan tethered either to a hyaluronan synthase or by multivalent binding to CD44. In this review, details of hyaluronan synthesis are discussed including how HAS2 production of hyaluronan is necessary for normal chondrocyte development and matrix assembly, how an abundance or deficit of pericellular hyaluronan alters chondrocyte metabolism, and whether hyaluronan size matters or changes with aging or disease...
February 6, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Ruiqi Ma, Qian Li, Zhongfeng Wang, Yifei Yuan, Lu Gan, Jiang Qian
In active thyroid eye disease (TED), the extraocular muscles feature excessive hyaluronan (HA) accumulation and increased fibroblast proliferation. To investigate the effects of HA on proliferation, we cultured perimysial fibroblasts from extraocular muscles of active TED patients, and adopted IGF-1 and PH20 as modulators for HA concentration and HA polymer size. Based on the results, IGF-1 increased HA concentration, promoted high molecular weight HA (HMW-HA) proportion and stimulated fibroblast proliferation...
February 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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