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allan schore

Allan N Schore
Why are boys at risk? To address this question, I use the perspective of regulation theory to offer a model of the deeper psychoneurobiological mechanisms that underlie the vulnerability of the developing male. The central thesis of this work dictates that significant gender differences are seen between male and female social and emotional functions in the earliest stages of development, and that these result from not only differences in sex hormones and social experiences but also in rates of male and female brain maturation, specifically in the early developing right brain...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
Sherain Harricharan, Daniela Rabellino, Paul A Frewen, Maria Densmore, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Allan N Schore, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with hyperarousal and active fight or flight defensive responses. By contrast, the dissociative subtype of PTSD, characterized by depersonalization and derealization symptoms, is frequently accompanied by additional passive or submissive defensive responses associated with autonomic blunting. Here, the periaqueductal gray (PAG) plays a central role in defensive responses, where the dorsolateral (DL-PAG) and ventrolateral PAG (VL-PAG) are thought to mediate active and passive defensive responses, respectively...
December 2016: Brain and Behavior
Paul Frewen, Matthew Brown, Jonathan DePierro, Wendy D'Andrea, Allan Schore
BACKGROUND: Existing survey measures of childhood trauma history generally fail to take into account the relational-socioecological environment in which childhood maltreatment occurs. Variables such as the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, the emotional availability of caregivers, witnessing the abuse of others, and the respondent's own thoughts, feelings, and actions in response to maltreatment are rarely assessed by current measures. METHODS: To address these concerns, the current study further investigated the family dynamics of childhood maltreatment using the Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) in 1,782 persons assessed online...
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Allan N Schore
There is now a strong if not urgent call in both the attachment and autism literatures for updated, research informed, clinically relevant interventions that can more effectively assess the mother infant dyad during early periods of brain plasticity. In this contribution I describe my work in regulation theory, an overarching interpersonal neurobiological model of the development, psychopathogenesis, and treatment of the early forming subjective self system. The theory models the psychoneurobiological mechanisms by which early rapid, spontaneous and thereby implicit emotionally laden attachment communications indelibly impact the experience-dependent maturation of the right brain, the "emotional brain...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Allan N Schore
This article discusses how recent studies of the right brain, which is dominant for the implicit, nonverbal, intuitive, holistic processing of emotional information and social interactions, can elucidate the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie the relational foundations of psychotherapy. Utilizing the interpersonal neurobiological perspective of regulation theory, I describe the fundamental role of the early developing right brain in relational processes, throughout the life span. I present interdisciplinary evidence documenting right brain functions in early attachment processes, in emotional communications within the therapeutic alliance, in mutual therapeutic enactments, and in therapeutic change processes...
September 2014: Psychotherapy
Paul A Frewen, Barrie Evans, Jason Goodman, Aaron Halliday, James Boylan, Greg Moran, Jeffrey Reiss, Allan Schore, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: Current psychometric measures of childhood trauma history generally fail to assess the relational-socioecological context within which childhood maltreatment occurs, including the relationship of abusers to abused persons, the emotional availability of caregivers, and the respondent's own thoughts, feelings, and actions in response to maltreatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a computerized approach to measuring the relational-socioecological context within which childhood maltreatment occurs...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Russell Meares, Allan Schore, Dmitriy Melkonian
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that borderline personality disorder is a manifestation of a particularly right hemispheric disturbance, involving deficient higher order inhibition, and to consider the therapeutic implications of the findings. METHODS: A cohort of 17 medication free borderline patients were compared with 17 age and sex matched controls by means of a study of p3a, which reflects the activity of one of the two main generators of the P300 (P3) of the event-related-potential...
February 2011: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Allan Schore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2011: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Marla J S Mickleborough, Judith K Daniels, Nicholas J Coupland, Raymond Kao, Peter C Williamson, Ulrich F Lanius, Kathy Hegadoren, Allan Schore, Maria Densmore, Todd Stevens, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: Imaging studies of pain processing in primary psychiatric disorders are just emerging. This study explored the neural correlates of stress-induced analgesia in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and the traumatic script-driven imagery symptom provocation paradigm to examine the effects of trauma-related cues on pain perception in individuals with PTSD. METHODS: The study included 17 patients with PTSD and 26 healthy, trauma-exposed controls...
January 2011: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Allan N Schore
Psychoanalysis, the science of unconscious processes, has recently undergone a significant transformation. Self psychology, derived from the work of Heinz Kohut, represents perhaps the most important revision of Freud's theory as it has shifted its basic core concepts from an intrapsychic to a relational unconscious and from a cognitive ego to an emotion-processing self. As a result of a common interest in the essential, rapid, bodily based, affective processes that lie beneath conscious awareness, a productive dialogue is now occurring between psychoanalysis and neuroscience...
April 2009: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Karen L Kuchan
This article underscores the potential benefit of a specific form of Christian prayer that creates space within a spiritual direction relationship for the creation of inner images that reveal a person's unconscious relational longings and co-created representations of God. In this specific type of prayer that can be facilitated by mental health professionals and pastoral counselors, imagery of God's presence is created in the space between a Christian spiritual director and a Christian directee while they are open to inner experiences that reveal God's presence interacting with infantile processes toward aliveness...
June 2008: Journal of Religion and Health
Allan N Schore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2005: Pediatrics in Review
G A Bradshaw, Allan N Schore, Janine L Brown, Joyce H Poole, Cynthia J Moss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2005: Nature
Ulrich Sachsse
Actual results of brain research show that we might have more than one system to cope with distress. The most archaic one might be the system freeze/dissociation. The second one is the system attachment/relationship/herd/support. Articles by Allan N. Schore show that the central regulation of the self, the affects, and the interpersonal relations are impaired permanently by relational traumata/attachment traumata during early childhood. Jaak Panksepp differentiates the distress systems panic versus fear. On the one side we find the cluster panic--periaqueductal gray PAG--lateral septum--gyrus cinguli--glutamate--opioids--attachment--parasympathetic autonomic nerve system--trophotorphic state--hypometabolism--freeze reaction--dissociation, on the other side the cluster fear--enemy--sympathetic autonomic nerve system--ergotrophic state--hypermetabolism--fight and flight--cognition and learning...
October 2003: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Allan N Schore
OBJECTIVE: This review integrates recent advances in attachment theory, affective neuroscience, developmental stress research, and infant psychiatry in order to delineate the developmental precursors of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHOD: Existing attachment, stress physiology, trauma, and neuroscience literatures were collected using Index Medicus/Medline and Psychological Abstracts. This converging interdisciplinary data was used as a theoretical base for modelling the effects of early relational trauma on the developing central and autonomic nervous system activities that drive attachment functions...
February 2002: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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