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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429878/abundance-of-african-invader-fly-bactrocera-invadens-drew-tsuruta-and-white-diptera-tephritidae-and-influence-of-weather-parameters-on-trap-catches-in-mango-in-the-volta-region-of-ghana
#1
Charles Amankwa Adzim, Maxwell Kelvin Billah, Kwame Afreh-Nuamah
The seasonal abundance of African Invader fly, Bactrocera invadens and the influence of temperature and rainfall on fly catches was determined in two agro ecological zones; moist semi-deciduous forest area and the coastal grassland area of the Volta Region of Ghana for year of mango production. Traps containing methyl eugenol were used in monitoring the abundance of the Africa invader fly, Bactrocera invadens where data on both temperature and rainfall were collected from Meteorological Services of Ghana in Volta region...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691646/patient-education-and-follow-up-as-an-intervention-for-hypertensive-patients-discharged-from-an-emergency-department-a-randomized-control-trial-study-protocol
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julie Gleason-Comstock, Alicia Streater, Joel Ager, Allen Goodman, Aaron Brody, Laura Kivell, Aniruddha Paranjpe, Jasmine Vickers, LynnMarie Mango, Rachelle Dawood, Phillip Levy
BACKGROUND: Persistently elevated blood pressure (BP) is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease development, making effective hypertension management an issue of considerable public health importance. Hypertension is particularly prominent among African Americans, who have higher disease prevalence and consistently lower BP control than Whites and Hispanics. Emergency departments (ED) have limited resources for chronic disease management, especially for under-served patients dependent upon the ED for primary care, and are not equipped to conduct follow-up...
December 21, 2015: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26453710/seasonal-abundance-of-mango-fruit-flies-diptera-tephritidae-and-ecological-implications-for-their-management-in-mango-and-cashew-orchards-in-benin-centre-north
#3
J-F Vayssières, M De Meyer, I Ouagoussounon, A Sinzogan, A Adandonon, S Korie, R Wargui, F Anato, H Houngbo, C Didier, H De Bon, G Goergen
We report the results of a large-scale (six orchards) and long-term (5-yr) study on seasonal population fluctuations of fruit flies (Diptera Tephritidae) in mango (2005-2009) and cashew (2007-2009) orchards in the Borgou Department, Benin.During the five consecutive years of mango fruit fly monitoring, 25 tephritid species were captured including three species of Bactrocera, 11 of Ceratitis, and 11 of Dacus, which is represented by 2,138,150 specimens in mango orchards. We observed significant differences in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) counts between "high" and "low" mango production years from 2005 to 2008 but not in Ceratitis cosyra (Walker) counts...
October 2015: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26131261/a-case-of-renal-failure-developing-in-association-with-african-mango-consumption
#4
Gülsüm Özkan, Şükrü Ulusoy
Chronic kidney disease continues to represent a significant health problem in all societies. One of the main factors accelerating renal progression is nephrotoxins. The African mango is a plant added to many foods and commonly consumed in West Africa. No toxic effect has to date been shown. Our aim was to discuss the 42-year-old patient who became dialysis-dependent through developing rapid renal progression following 2.5-month African mango use. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first case of chronic renal insufficiency developing in association with African mango consumption...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25364622/community-partners-in-care-cpic-video-summary-of-rationale-study-approach-implementation-and-client-6-month-outcomes
#5
Joseph Mango, Eileen Cabiling, Loretta Jones, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Pluscedia Williams, Kenneth Wells, Esmeralda Pulido, Marcia Meldrum, Ana Ramos, Bowen Chung
"Community Partners in Care (CPIC): Video Summary of Rationale, Study Approach / Implementation, and Client 6-month Outcomes" is a 2 minute, 46 second video summarizing the study rationale, study approach, and the 6-month outcomes. The video was produced by four agencies: Healthy African American Families II, a health advocacy organization in South Los Angeles; Behavioral Health Services, the largest substance/alcohol abuse service provider in LA County; UCLA; and RAND Health; contract filmmakers Eileen Cabiling and Joe Mango handled cinematography, editing, and video support...
February 25, 2014: CES4Health.info
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25236383/identification-of-host-blends-that-attract-the-african-invasive-fruit-fly-bactrocera-invadens
#6
Tibebe Dejene Biasazin, Miriam Frida Karlsson, Ylva Hillbur, Emiru Seyoum, Teun Dekker
Bactrocera invadens, an invasive fruit fly species in the Afro-tropical region belonging to the Bactrocera dorsalis complex, causes considerable damage to fruit production and productivity. We sought to find attractants from hosts of B. invadens that could serve as baits in traps for monitoring and management of this pest. The attractiveness of volatiles from four different fruit species (mango, guava, banana and orange) at two stages of ripeness (ripe or unripe) was tested in an olfactometer assay. All fruits were attractive against a clean air control...
September 2014: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24792835/pyrrole-alkaloids-with-potential-cancer-chemopreventive-activity-isolated-from-a-goji-berry-contaminated-commercial-sample-of-african-mango
#7
Jie Li, Li Pan, C Benjamin Naman, Ye Deng, Heebyung Chai, William J Keller, A Douglas Kinghorn
Bioassay-guided fractionation of a commercial sample of African mango (Irvingia gabonensis) that was later shown to be contaminated with goji berry (Lycium sp.) led to the isolation of a new pyrrole alkaloid, methyl 2-[2-formyl-5-(hydroxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]propanoate, 1, along with seven known compounds, 2-8. The structures of the isolated compounds were established by analysis of their spectroscopic data. The new compound 1g showed hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity with an ED50 value of 16.7 μM, whereas 4-[formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]butanoic acid (2) was active in both the hydroxyl radical-scavenging (ED50 11...
June 4, 2014: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24570797/characterization-and-factors-associated-with-diarrhoeal-diseases-caused-by-enteric-bacterial-pathogens-among-children-aged-five-years-and-below-attending-igembe-district-hospital-kenya
#8
Shirley Karambu, Viviene Matiru, Michael Kiptoo, Joseph Oundo
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea remains a major public health problem in East African nations such as Kenya. Surveillance for a broad range of enteric pathogens is necessary to accurately predict the frequency of pathogens and potential changes in antibiotic resistance patterns. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in Igembe District Hospital in Meru County to determine the burden and factors associated enteric bacterial infection among children aged five years and below...
2013: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23859722/survey-of-south-african-fruit-juices-using-a-fast-screening-hilic-ms-method
#9
Marietjie A Stander, Wernich Kühn, Nicholas F Hiten
Adulteration of fruit juices--by the addition of sugar or other less expensive fruit juices as well as preservatives, artificial sweeteners and colours--was tested for by using a developed screening method. The method employs hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS) using electrospray ionisation in the negative mode and ultraviolet light detection. Different fruit juices can be differentiated by the content of marker compounds like sorbitol, certain phenolic molecules and their saccharide profile...
2013: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23419021/the-efficacy-of-irvingia-gabonensis-supplementation-in-the-management-of-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Igho Onakpoya, Lucy Davies, Paul Posadzki, Edzard Ernst
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving the use of the African Bush Mango, Irvingia gabonensis for body weight reduction in obese and overweight individuals. Electronic and nonelectronic searches were conducted to identify relevant RCTs. The bibliographies of located articles were also searched. No age, gender, or language restrictions were imposed. The reporting quality of identified RCTs was assessed using a methodological checklist adapted from the Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials Statement and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines...
March 2013: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23356072/evidence-for-potential-of-managing-some-african-fruit-fly-species-diptera-tephritidae-using-the-mango-fruit-fly-host-marking-pheromone
#11
Donald L Kachigamba, Sunday Ekesi, Mary W Ndungu, Linus M Gitonga, Peter E A Teal, Baldwyn Torto
We investigated conspecific and heterospecific oviposition host discrimination among four economically important fruit fly pests of mango in Africa (Ceratitis capitata, Wiedemann; C. fasciventris, Bezzi; C. rosa, Karsch, and C. cosyra, Walker) with regard to host-marking behavior and fecal matter aqueous solutions. The objective of the study was to get insight into the potential of managing these pests using the host-marking technique. Observations were done on mango slices marked by the flies and treated with aqueous solutions of fecal matter of the flies, respectively...
December 2012: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23190031/mangiferin-a-bioactive-xanthonoid-not-only-from-mango-and-not-just-antioxidant
#12
REVIEW
Adam Matkowski, Piotr Kuś, Edyta Góralska, Dorota Woźniak
Mangiferin is a plant natural polyphenol of C-glycosylxanthone structure and various pharmacological activities. It can be found in many plant species, among which the mango tree (Mangifera indica) is one of the primary sources. Mangiferin is also present in some medicinal herbs, influencing their therapeutic and preventive properties, and in honeybush (Cyclopia sp.), a popular South African herbal tea. Mangiferin dissolves well in water, so it can be easily extracted into infusions and decoctions. In the mangiferin molecule, four aromatic hydroxyl groups determine its strong antiradical and antioxidant properties...
March 2013: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22894849/on-the-taxonomy-of-some-african-eulophidae-hym-chalcidoidea-associated-with-oil-palm-coffee-and-mango
#13
G J Kerrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1970: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22880691/ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-african-mango-irvingia-gabonensis-seeds-extract-and-related-dietary-supplements
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jianghao Sun, Pei Chen
Dietary supplements based on an extract from Irvingia gabonensis (African mango, AM) seeds are one of the popular herbal weight loss dietary supplements in the U.S. market. The extract is believed to be a natural and healthy way to lose weight and improve overall health. However, the chemical composition of AM-based dietary supplements (AMDSs) has never been reported. In this study, the chemical constituents of AM seeds, AM seeds extract (AMSE), and different kinds of commercially available AMDSs have been investigated using an ultra high-performance liquid chromatography with high resolution mass spectrometry method...
September 5, 2012: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22386809/subchronic-toxicity-and-mutagenicity-genotoxicity-studies-of-irvingia-gabonensis-extract-igob131
#15
Shil C Kothari, Prasad Shivarudraiah, Suresh Babu Venkataramaiah, Swapna Gavara, Madhu G Soni
African Bush Mango from Irvingia gabonensis is a West African culinary fruit and the mucilage from this fruit seed is used to make traditional soups and sauces. Extract from the kernel (IGOB131) has been claimed for its health benefits. In the present investigations, potential adverse effects, if any, of IGOB131 were investigated in dose-response 90-day study and genotoxicity studies. In the subchronic study, Sprague Dawley rats (20/sex/group) were gavaged with I. gabonensis extract (IGOB131) at dose levels of 0, 100, 1000 and 2500 mg/kg body weight (bw)/day for 90-days...
May 2012: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22251685/bactrocera-invadens-diptera-tephritidae-a-new-invasive-fruit-fly-pest-for-the-afrotropical-region-host-plant-range-and-distribution-in-west-and-central-africa
#16
Georg Goergen, Jean-François Vayssières, Désiré Gnanvossou, Maurice Tindo
In 2003, the invasive fruit fly Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White (Diptera: Tephritidae) (Drew et al. 2005), of possible Sri Lankan origin, has been detected in the East and about 1 yr later in West Africa. In regular surveys in Benin and Cameroon covering 4 yr, samples from 117 plant species across 43 families have been obtained. Incubation of field-collected fruits demonstrate that in West and Central Africa (WCA) B. invadens is highly polyphagous, infesting wild and cultivated fruits of at least 46 species from 23 plant families with guava (Psidium spp...
August 2011: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21697664/african-mango-igob131-a-proprietary-seed-extract-of-irvingia-gabonensis-is-found-to-be-effective-in-reducing-body-weight-and-improving-metabolic-parameters-in-overweight-humans
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21504307/family-witnessed-resuscitation-bereavement-outcomes-in-an-urban-environment
#18
Scott Compton, Phillip Levy, Matthew Griffin, Denise Waselewsky, LynnMarie Mango, Robert Zalenski
BACKGROUND: After 20 years of debate regarding the appropriateness of family-witnessed resuscitations (FWR), little substantive data exist to suggest a benefit or harm to the family member. OBJECTIVE: To compare bereavement-related depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) patients' family members who remain in the waiting room of an urban emergency department (ED) with those who are invited to witness CPR...
June 2011: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20932166/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-etiological-agent-of-mango-malformation-disease-in-mexico-fusarium-mexicanum-sp-nov
#19
Gabriel Otero-Colina, Gerardo Rodríguez-Alvarado, Sylvia Fernández-Pavía, Marcel Maymon, Randy C Ploetz, Takayuki Aoki, Kerry O'Donnell, Stanley Freeman
The primary objective of this study was to characterize Fusarium spp. associated with the economically devastating mango malformation disease (MMD) in Mexico. In all, 142 Fusarium strains were isolated from symptomatic mango inflorescences and vegetative tissues in eight geographically diverse Mexican states from 2002 through 2007. Initially, all the Mexican isolates were screened for genetic diversity using appolymerase chain reaction and random amplified polymorphic DNA markers and were grouped into seven distinct genotypes...
November 2010: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19961348/population-differences-in-allele-frequencies-at-the-olr1-locus-may-suggest-geographic-disparities-in-cardiovascular-risk-events
#20
Irene M Predazzi, Cristina Martínez-Labarga, Lucia Vecchione, Ruggiero Mango, Cinzia Ciccacci, Francesca Amati, Claudio Ottoni, Michael H Crawford, Olga Rickards, Francesco Romeo, Giuseppe Novelli
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated a link between cardiovascular disease (CVD) susceptibility and the genetic background of populations. Endothelial activation and dysfunction induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is one of the key steps in the initiation of atherosclerosis. The oxidized low density lipoprotein (lectin-like) receptor 1 (OLR1) gene is the main receptor of ox-LDL. We have previously characterized two polymorphisms (rs3736235 and rs11053646) associated with the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
April 2010: Annals of Human Biology
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