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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431556/the-fit-matters-influence-of-accelerometer-fitting-and-training-drill-demands-on-load-measures-in-rugby-league-players
#1
Blake D McLean, Cloe Cummins, Greta Conlan, Grant Duthie, Aaron J Coutts
PURPOSE: Determine the relationship between drill type and accelerometer-derived loads during various team sport activities, and examine the influence of unit fitting on these loads. METHODS: Sixteen rugby league players were fitted with microtechnology devices in either manufacturer vests or playing jerseys before completing standardised running, agility and tackling drills. Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) accelerometer loads (BodyLoadTM) per km were compared across drills and fittings (i...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420813/sport-psychology-for-the-soldier-athlete-a-paradigm-shift
#2
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408567/influence-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-ventilatory-efficiency-in-trained-athletes
#3
Eduardo Salazar-Martínez, Alfredo Santalla, José Naranjo Orellana, Jochen Strobl, Martin Burtscher, Verena Menz
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 3 weeks high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO2 slope) in endurance athletes. Sixteen male well-trained (67.72 ml kg min-1) athletes participated in this study. Each participant performed an incremental exercise test with gas analysis (i.e. VE, VO2) and a 400 m running field test (T400m) before and after the 3 weeks intervention period. HIIT group (HIITG) performed 11 HIIT sessions consisting of four 4-min interval bouts at an exercise intensity of 90-95% of the VO2max, separated by 4-min active recovery periods (work/rest ratio = 1:1)...
January 30, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400616/repeated-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-induced-by-voluntary-hypoventilation-improves-running-repeated-sprint-ability-in-rugby-players
#4
Charly Fornasier-Santos, Grégoire P Millet, Xavier Woorons
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine the effects of repeated-sprint training in hypoxia induced by voluntary hypoventilation at low lung volume (VHL) on running repeated-sprint ability (RSA) in team-sport players. METHODS: Twenty-one highly trained rugby players performed, over a 4-week period, seven sessions of repeated 40-m sprints either with VHL (RSH-VHL, n = 11) or with normal breathing (RSN, n = 10). Before (Pre-) and after training (Post-), performance was assessed with an RSA test (40-m all-out sprints with a departure every 30 s) until task failure (85% of the reference velocity assessed in an isolated sprint)...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373432/comparison-of-sprint-interval-and-endurance-training-in-team-sport-athletes
#5
David T Kelly, Críonna Tobin, Brendan Egan, Andrew Mc Carren, Paul L OʼConnor, Noel McCaffrey, Niall M Moyna
PURPOSE: High volume endurance training (ET) has traditionally been used to improve aerobic capacity but is extremely time-consuming in contrast to low volume short duration sprint interval training (SIT) that improves maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max) to a similar extent. Few studies have compared the effects of SIT versus ET using running-based protocols, or in team sport athletes. METHODS: Club level male Gaelic football players were randomly assigned to SIT (n=7; 21...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359513/vascular-characteristics-in-young-women-effect-of-extensive-endurance-training-or-a-sedentary-life-style
#6
Niclas Bjarnegård, Toste Länne, Magnus Cinthio, Jan Ekstrand, Kristofer Hedman, Eva Nylander, Jan Henriksson
AIM: To explore whether high level endurance training in early age has an influence on the arterial wall properties in young women. METHODS: Forty-seven athletes (ATH) and 52 controls (CTR), all 17 to 25 years of age, were further divided into runners (RUN), whole-body endurance athletes (WBA), sedentary controls (SC) and normally active controls (AC). 2-D ultrasound scanning of the carotid arteries was performed to determine local common carotid artery (CCA) geometry and wall distensibility...
January 22, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345547/are-current-physical-match-performance-metrics-in-elite-soccer-fit-for-purpose-or-is-the-adoption-of-an-integrated-approach-needed
#7
Paul S Bradley, Jack D Ade
Time-motion analysis is a valuable data-collection technique used to quantify the physical match performance of elite soccer players. For over 40 years researchers have adopted a 'traditional' approach when evaluating match demands by simply reporting the distance covered or time spent along a motion continuum of walking through to sprinting. This methodology quantifies physical metrics in isolation without integrating other factors and this ultimately leads to a one-dimensional insight into match performance...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337832/comparison-of-step-by-step-kinematics-in-repeated-30m-sprints-in-female-soccer-players
#8
Roland van den Tillaar
The aim of this study was to compare kinematics in repeated 30m sprints in female soccer players. Seventeen subjects performed seven 30m sprints every 30s in one session. Kinematics were measured with an infrared contact mat and laser gun, and running times with an electronic timing device. The main findings were that sprint times increased in the repeated sprint ability test. The main changes in kinematics during the repeated sprint ability test were increased contact time and decreased step frequency, while no change in step length was observed...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288436/the-relationships-between-internal-and-external-measures-of-training-load-and-intensity-in-team-sports-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Shaun J McLaren, Tom W Macpherson, Aaron J Coutts, Christopher Hurst, Iain R Spears, Matthew Weston
BACKGROUND: The associations between internal and external measures of training load and intensity are important in understanding the training process and the validity of specific internal measures. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide meta-analytic estimates of the relationships, as determined by a correlation coefficient, between internal and external measures of load and intensity during team-sport training and competition. A further aim was to examine the moderating effects of training mode on these relationships...
December 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286534/fitness-training-for-cardiorespiratory-conditioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
REVIEW
Leanne Hassett, Anne M Moseley, Alison R Harmer
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training improves body function and structure (physical and cognitive impairments, psychological responses resulting from the injury), activity limitations and participation restrictions in people who have sustained a TBI as well as to evaluate its safety, acceptance, feasibility and suitability...
December 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283733/the-quantification-of-within-week-session-intensity-duration-and-intensity-distribution-across-a-season-in-australian-football-using-the-session-rpe-method
#12
Farhan Juhari, Dean M Ritchie, Fergus O'Connor, Nathan Pitchford, Matthew Weston, Heidi R Thornton, Jonathan D Bartlett Bartlett
PURPOSE: Team-sports training requires the daily manipulation of intensity, duration and frequency with pre-season focusing on meeting the demands of in-season competition and in-season on maintaining fitness. To provide information about daily training in Australian Football (AF), this study aimed to quantify session intensity, duration, and intensity distribution across different stages of an entire season. METHODS: Intensity (session Ratings of Perceived Exertion [s-RPE]; CR-10 scale) and duration were collected from forty-five professional male AF for every training session and game...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279574/sports-drink-consumption-and-dental-erosion-among-amateur-runners
#13
Leonardo S Antunes, Lais Veiga, Victor S Nery, Caio C Nery, Lívia A Antunes
This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and potential risk factors for dental erosion in amateur athletes at running events. After a sample calculation, 108 runners from the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were selected and examined for dental wear by a single trained and calibrated evaluator (kappa = 1.00). To identify risk factors, the runners were interviewed by using a standardized, semi-structured questionnaire. The average (SD) age of the runners was 34.2 (11.45), and the prevalence of dental erosion was 19...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247962/vulnerability-to-exercise-addiction-socio-demographic-behavioral-and-psychological-characteristics-of-runners-at-risk-for-eating-disorders
#14
Laura Di Lodovico, Caroline Dubertret, Aurely Ameller
BACKGROUND: Excessive exercise is frequently associated with eating disorders and may degenerate into exercise addiction. We still don't know whether runners at risk for eating disorders are at risk for exercise addiction. Our aim is to assess: 1) risk for exercise addiction in runners at risk for eating disorders and 2) socio-demographic, behavioral and psychological characteristics distinguishing runners at-risk from not-at-risk for eating disorders. METHODS: We assessed risk for eating disorders and exercise addiction using the SCOFF questionnaire and the Exercise Addiction Inventory personality traits with the Big-Five Inventory Test, socio-demographic data, eating and training habits in a sample of 154 healthy runners...
November 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239986/practical-model-of-low-volume-paddling-based-sprint-interval-training-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performances-in-professional-female-canoe-polo-athletes
#15
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Brief, intense exercise training employing running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper-body is predominantly involved. Our purpose was to examine the effects of kayak paddling-based sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic performance. 16 professional female canoe polo athletes (age = 27.6 ± 1.9 years; height = 165...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199781/velocity-distribution-of-women-s-30-km-cross-country-skiing-during-olympic-games-from-2002-2014
#16
Wlodzimierz S Erdmann, Dorota Dancewicz-Nosko, Vasilios Giovanis
BACKGROUND: Within several investigated endurance sport disciplines the distribution of load of the best competitors has a manner of evenly or slightly rising velocity values. Unfortunately many other competitors have usually diminishing values or when they are very poor they have evenly values. The aim of this study was to investigate distribution of velocity within 30-km cross-country female skiers. METHODS: Cross-country skiing runs were investigated of Olympic Games 2002-2014 (Salt Lake City, Turin, Vancouver, Sochi)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189929/correction-to-the-effect-of-natural-or-simulated-altitude-training-on-high-intensity-intermittent-running-performance-in-team-sport-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#17
Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Will G Hopkins
Page 10, Fig. 2: The filled circle labelled "3" was plotted inaccurately and should have been in the "harmful" section of the graph, as shown in the corrected version below.
November 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181249/comparison-of-hamstring-muscle-activation-during-high-speed-running-and-various-hamstring-strengthening-exercises
#18
Roland van den Tillaar, Jens Asmund Brevik Solheim, Jesper Bencke
Purpose/Background: Several studies have examined the effect of hamstring strength exercises upon hamstring strains in team sports that involve many sprints. However, there has been no cross comparison among muscle activation of these hamstring training exercises with actual sprinting. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine different hamstring exercises and compare the muscle activity in the hamstring muscle group during various exercises with the muscular activity produced during maximal sprints...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176385/positional-differences-in-running-and-non-running-activities-during-elite-american-football-training
#19
Patrick A Ward, Sam Ramsden, Aaron J Coutts, Andrew T Hulton, Barry Drust
The aim of this investigation was to describe differences in training loads between position groups within professional American football. Integrated micro technology data was collected on 63 NFL football players during an American football training camp. Five key metrics (total distance, high speed distance, Player Load, Player Load per Minute, and Total Inertial Movement Analysis (IMA)) served to quantify both running and non-running activities. Players were classified into position groups (DB, DL, LB, OL, QB, RB, TE, and WR)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159669/thyroid-hormones-and-commonly-cited-symptoms-of-overtraining-in-collegiate-female-endurance-runners
#20
Justin X Nicoll, Disa L Hatfield, Kathleen J Melanson, Christopher S Nasin
PURPOSE: Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is reported in endurance sports. Thyroid hormones (TH) regulate metabolism, mood, and energy production, and may play a role in OTS of endurance athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships in TH and symptoms of OTS in track and field endurance runners (ER). METHODS: Sixteen female track and field middle distance (MD; n = 9; age: 20.2 ± 1.5 years; ht: 167.86 ± 5.04 cm; body-mass: 57.97 ± 5...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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