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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150747/for-whom-do-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-adolescent-substance-use-work
#1
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Jennifer L Doty, Laurel Davis, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Adolescent substance use continues to be a significant public health problem. Parent training interventions are effective preventive strategies to reduce youth substance use. However, little is known about differences in effectiveness for youth across demographic characteristics. This review assessed the effectiveness of parent training programs at reducing adolescent substance use by participant gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Pubmed/MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from database origin to October 31, 2016...
November 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150325/ilex-paraguariensis-potential-antioxidant-on-aluminium-toxicity-in-an-experimental-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Pâmela M Bortoli, Carla Alves, Eduarda Costa, Ana Paula Vanin, Jéssica R Sofiatti, Diego P Siqueira, Rogério M Dallago, Helen Treichel, Gean Delise L P Vargas, Rosilene R Kaizer
Ilex paraguariensis, yerba mate is a native plant from the southern region of Brazil. Studies showed that yerba mate has an antioxidant potential, which could help to reduce the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases, as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). It's known that I. paraguariensis grows in acid soils with aluminium (Al), which is bioavailable in these soils. Al has a neurotoxic potential related with the progression of neurological disorders. This study aim was to evaluate the potential of I. paraguariensis in the etiology of AD using strains of Caenorhabditis elegans and the concentration of Al and antioxidants in the yerba mate extract...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150098/blood-film-in-the-era-of-streaming-cells
#3
Diego Villa Clé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148753/kinetics-of-the-aqueous-phase-reactions-of-atmospherically-relevant-monoterpene-epoxides
#4
Diego A Cortes, Matthew J Elrod
Laboratory and field measurements have demonstrated that an isoprene-derived epoxide intermediate (IEPOX) is the origin of a wide range of chemical species found in ambient secondary organic aerosol (SOA). In order to explore the potential relevance of a similar mechanism for the formation of monoterpene-derived SOA, nuclear magnetic resonance techniques were used to study kinetics and reaction products of the aqueous phase reactions of several monoterpene epoxides: β-pinene oxide, limonene oxide, and limonene dioxide...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147780/the-effect-of-removing-numerically-dominant-non-native-honey-bees-on-seed-set-of-a-native-plant
#5
Annika J Nabors, Henry J Cen, Keng-Lou J Hung, Joshua R Kohn, David A Holway
Pollination services are compromised by habitat destruction, land-use intensification, pesticides, and introduced species. How pollination services respond to such stressors depends on the capacity of pollinator assemblages to function in the face of environmental disruption. Here, we quantify how pollination services provided to a native plant change upon removal of the non-native, western honey bee (Apis mellifera)-a numerically dominant floral visitor in the native bee-rich ecosystems of southern California...
November 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146943/cryopreservation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-an-allogeneic-bioscaffold-based-on-platelet-rich-plasma-and-synovial-fluid
#6
Haritz Gurruchaga, Laura Saenz Del Burgo, Ane Garate, Diego Delgado, Pello Sanchez, Gorka Orive, Jesús Ciriza, Mikel Sanchez, Jose Luis Pedraz
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has emerged as an alternative strategy to treat knee osteoarthritis. In this context, MSCs derived from synovial fluid could provide higher chondrogenic and cartilage regeneration, presenting synovial fluid as an appropriate MSCs source. An allogeneic and biomimetic bioscaffold composed of Platelet Rich Plasma and synovial fluid that preserve and mimics the natural environment of MSCs isolated from knee has also been developed. We have optimized the cryopreservation of knee-isolated MSCs embedded within the aforementioned biomimetic scaffold, in order to create a reserve of young autologous embedded knee MSCs for future clinical applications...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146721/development-of-a-function-blocking-antibody-against-fibulin-3-as-targeted-reagent-for-glioblastoma
#7
Mohan Sobhana Nandhu, Prajna Behera, Vivek Bhaskaran, Sharon L Longo, Lina M Barrera-Arenas, Sadhak Sengupta, Diego J Rodriguez-Gil, E Antonio Chiocca, Mariano S Viapiano
PURPOSE: We sought a novel approach against glioblastomas (GBM) focused on targeting signaling molecules localized in the tumor extracellular matrix (ECM). We investigated fibulin-3, a glycoprotein that forms the ECM scaffold of GBMs and promotes tumor progression by driving Notch and NF-kB signaling. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We used deletion constructs to identify a key signaling motif of fibulin-3. A monoclonal antibody (mAb428.2) was generated against this epitope and extensively validated for specific detection of human fibulin-3...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146388/the-role-of-pelvic-ultrasound-in-preoperative-evaluation-for-laparoscopic-myomectomy
#8
Clarissa Frascà, Gianmarco Tuzzato, Alessandro Arena, Eugenia Degli Esposti, Margherita Zanello, Diego Raimondo, Renato Seracchioli
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of pelvic ultrasonography (US) in preoperative evaluation before laparoscopic myomectomy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary level referral center of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery, Sant'Orsola University Hospital, Bologna, Italy. PATIENTS: One hundred and one of the 125 women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy from September 2015 to May 2016 were included...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146274/effects-of-angiotensin-neprilysin-inhibition-as-compared-to-angiotensin-inhibition-on-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-reduced-ejection-fraction-patients-under-continuous-remote-monitoring-of-implantable-defibrillator-devices
#9
Carlos de Diego, Luis González-Torres, José María Núñez, Raúl Centurión Inda, David A Martin-Langerwerf, Antonio D Sangio, Piotr Chochowski, Pilar Casasnovas, Julio C Blazquéz, Jesús Almendral
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition as compared to angiotensin inhibition decreased sudden cardiac death in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (rEFHF). The precise mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition on ventricular arrhythmias as compared to angiotensin inhibition in rEFHF patients with an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) and remote monitoring. METHODS: We prospectively included 120 patients with ICD and: 1) New York Heart Association functional class≥ II, 2) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%, 3) remote monitoring...
November 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146073/robotic-assisted-transanal-polypectomies-is-there-any-indication
#10
Marcos Gómez Ruiz, Carmen Cagigas Fernández, Joaquín Alonso Martín, Lidia Cristobal Poch, Carlos Manuel Palazuelos, Francisco Javier Barredo Cañibano, Manuel Gómez Fleitas, Julio Castillo Diego
OBJECTIVES: Robotic assisted transanal polipectomy may have advantages compared with the conventional transanal minimally invasive surgery technique. We evaluate the safety, feasibility and advantages of this technique. METHODS: Between February 2014 and October 2015, 9patients underwent robotic transanal polypectomy. We performed a retrospective study in which we analyse prospectively collected data regarding patient and tumor characteristics, perioperative outcomes, pathological report, morbidity and mortality...
November 13, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146047/maternal-immune-activation-delays-excitatory-to-inhibitory-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-switch-in-offspring
#11
Irene Corradini, Elisa Focchi, Marco Rasile, Raffaella Morini, Genni Desiato, Romana Tomasoni, Michela Lizier, Elsa Ghirardini, Riccardo Fesce, Diego Morone, Isabella Barajon, Flavia Antonucci, Davide Pozzi, Michela Matteoli
BACKGROUND: The association between maternal infection and neurodevelopmental defects in progeny is well established, although the biological mechanisms and the pathogenic trajectories involved have not been defined. METHODS: Pregnant dams were injected intraperitoneally at gestational day 9 with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid. Neuronal development was assessed by means of electrophysiological, optical, and biochemical analyses. RESULTS: Prenatal exposure to polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid causes an imbalanced expression of the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 and the K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter 2 (KCC2)...
November 14, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145961/vertical-femoral-neck-fractures-in-young-adults-a-closed-fixation-strategy-using-a-transverse-cancellous-lag-screw
#12
João Antonio Matheus Guimarães, Leonardo Rosa Rocha, Tito Henrique Noronha Rocha, Danielle Cabral Bonfim, Rafaela Sartore da Costa, Amanda Dos Santos Cavalcanti, Carlos Rodrigo Roesler, Jamila Alessandra Perini Machado, Diego Pinheiro Aguiar, Maria Eugenia Leite Duarte
Vertical femoral neck fractures (Pauwels type III classification) in young adults generally occur as a consequence of high-energy trauma and are frequently seen in association with multiple injuries. Considering the controversies regarding the optimal fixation for this fracture, our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcome of a closed fixation strategy for vertical femoral neck fractures in young adults using two parallel and one transverse cancellous lag screws. This was a single-surgeon, prospective study including 20 young adults with average age of 38...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145880/anti-nf155-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-strongly-associates-to-hla-drb15
#13
Laura Martinez-Martinez, Ma Cinta Lleixà, Gemma Boera-Carnicero, Andrea Cortese, Jérôme Devaux, Ana Siles, Yusuf Rajabally, Alicia Martinez-Piñeiro, Alejandra Carvajal, Julio Pardo, Emilien Delmont, Shahram Attarian, Jordi Diaz-Manera, Ilaria Callegari, Enrico Marchioni, Diego Franciotta, Luana Benedetti, Guiseppe Lauria, Oscar de la Calle Martin, Cándido Juárez, Isabel Illa, Luis Querol
BACKGROUND: The aim of the research is to study the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II allele frequencies in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) associated with anti-neurofascin 155 (NF155) antibodies. METHODS: Thirteen anti-NF155+ and 35 anti-NF155 negative (anti-NF155neg) CIDP patients were included in a case-control study. The frequencies of the DRB1 HLA allele were analyzed in all patients while DQ frequencies were only studied in patients sharing the DRB1*15 allele...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145734/two-dopaminergic-genes-drd4-and-slc6a3-are-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-a-colombian-sample-of-young-adults
#14
Yeimy González-Giraldo, Martha L Trujillo, Diego A Forero
Obesity is becoming an epidemic in Latin American countries. Genetic analyses of endophenotypes for obesity, such as body mass index (BMI), are quite useful for research. In this study, we analysed two functional polymorphisms in the dopamine receptor 4 (DRD4) and dopamine transporter (SLC6A3) genes. A sample of 232 Colombian young subjects were recruited and evaluated for BMI. Two functional polymorphisms in the DRD4 and SLC6A3 and genes were genotyped by PCR and electrophoresis. A significant association was found between BMI and the polymorphisms in DRD4 and SLC6A3 genes...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145538/association-between-socioeconomic-determinants-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-a-mediation-analysis
#15
Diego Montano
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and different socioeconomic characteristics including education and occupational status have been found to be associated in previous research. Nonetheless, theoretical models defining core variables and causal processes accounting for these associations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the present investigation are (1) to present a theoretical model integrating physiological, biochemical, and psychosocial factors determining metabolic syndrome prevalence and (2) to corroborate the hypothesis that socioeconomic determinants are (partially) mediated by health-related behaviors, health risks, and dietary habits...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144309/combined-electrocoagulation-and-electro-oxidation-of-industrial-textile-wastewater-treatment-in-a-continuous-multi-stage-reactor
#16
Edison GilPavas, Paula Arbeláez-Castaño, José Medina, Diego A Acosta
A combined electrocoagulation (EC) and electrochemical oxidation (EO) industrial textile wastewater treatment potential is evaluated in this work. A fractional factorial design of experiment showed that EC current density, followed by pH, were the most significant factors. Conductivity and number of electrooxidation cells did not affect chemical oxygen demand degradation (DCOD). Aluminum and iron anodes performed similarly as sacrificial anodes. Current density, pH and conductivity were chosen for a Box-Behnken design of experiment to determine optimal conditions to achieve a high DCOD minimizing operating cost (OC)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144155/proposal-of-cutoff-points-for-pediatric-daytime-sleepiness-scale-to-identify-excessive-daytime-sleepiness
#17
Carolina Meyer, Diego Grasel Barbosa, Geraldo Jose Ferrari Junior, Rubian Diego Andrade, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Andreia Pelegrini, Érico Pereira Gomes Felden
The objective of the present study was to propose cutoff points for the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) through sensitivity and specificity analyses in order to identify excessive daytime sleepiness, considering parameters such as duration and quality of sleep, health perception, stress control and depressive moods (feelings of sadness) in adolescents. A total of 1,132 adolescents, aged 14-19 years old, of both sexes, from the public high school of São José - SC, answered the questionnaire with information on age, daytime sleepiness, sleep duration, health perception, stress management, depressive moods (feelings of sadness) and quality of sleep...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144106/cognitive-reserve-as-a-variable-impacting-the-effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-on-balance-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Giulia Piccinini, Isabella Imbimbo, Diego Ricciardi, Daniele Coraci, Claudia Santilli, Maria R Lo Monaco, Claudia Loreti, Maria C Vulpiani, Maria C Silveri, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve (CR) can be considered an active expression of brain resilience in response to damage. Several studies have shown the influence of CR on cognitive impairment and its relationship with cognitive function in Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: To show if CR influences the effectiveness of balance rehabilitation in PD patients who performed a conventional rehabilitative treatment. DESIGN: Observational longitudinal study...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143959/intracapsular-carcinoma-ex-pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-parapharyngeal-space-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Remo Accorona, Diego Barbieri, Davide Farina, Davide Lombardi, Mario Bussi, Piero Nicolai
BACKGROUND: Carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma of the parapharyngeal space is an exceedingly rare entity. METHODS: The clinical records of two patients with primary carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma of the parapharyngeal space surgically treated at two different centers were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Despite ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology and magnetic resonance imaging, the correct diagnosis was preoperatively missed in both cases...
November 15, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143212/rhodococcus-psychrotolerans-sp-nov-isolated-from-rhizosphere-of-deschampsia-antarctica
#20
Leonardo Jose Silva, Danilo Tosta Souza, Diego Bonaldo Genuario, Harold Alexander Vargas Hoyos, Suikinai Nobre Santos, Luiz Henrique Rosa, Tiago Domingues Zucchi, Itamar Soares Melo
A novel actinobacterium, designated strain CMAA 1533(T), was isolated from the rhizosphere of Deschampsia antarctica collected at King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Strain CMAA 1533(T) was found to grow over a wide range of temperatures (4-28 °C) and pH (4-10). Macroscopically, the colonies were observed to be circular shaped, smooth, brittle and opaque-cream on most of the culture media tested. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CMAA 1533(T) belongs to the family Nocardiaceae and forms a distinct phyletic line within the genus Rhodococcus...
November 15, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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