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'Drivers spinal cord injuries'

Zane Dodd, Simon Driver, Ann Marie Warren, Shelley Riggs, Mike Clark
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) can cause psychological consequences that negatively affect quality of life. It is increasingly recognized that factors such as resilience and social support may produce a buffering effect and are associated with improved health outcomes. However the influence of adult attachment style on an individual's ability to utilize social support after SCI has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between adult romantic attachment perceived social support depression and resilience in individuals with SCI...
2015: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
René Pelletier, Johanne Higgins, Daniel Bourbonnais
Present interventions utilized in musculoskeletal rehabilitation are guided, in large part, by a biomedical model where peripheral structural injury is believed to be the sole driver of the disorder. There are, however, neurophysiological changes across different areas of the peripheral and central nervous systems, including peripheral receptors, dorsal horn of the spinal cord, brain stem, sensorimotor cortical areas, and the mesolimbic and prefrontal areas associated with chronic musculoskeletal disorders, including chronic low back pain, osteoarthritis, and tendon injuries...
November 2015: Physical Therapy
W H J Barker, T H Witte, C J Driver, P Jull, C E Whitehead, H A Volk
CASE DESCRIPTION: An 11-year-old male breeding alpaca was evaluated for a 2-day history of lowered head carriage and lethargy. CLINICAL FINDINGS: On initial examination, the alpaca had signs of lethargy and lowered carriage of the head and neck, but no specific neurologic deficits. Medical management improved the clinical signs, but 8 months later, the alpaca developed acute, progressive general proprioceptive ataxia affecting all 4 limbs and was referred for further evaluation and treatment...
May 15, 2015: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Ibrahim Afifi, Ayman El-Menyar, Hassan Al-Thani, Ruben Peralta
Seatbelt restraints are important for occupant safety which substantially reduces morbidity and mortality in severe motor vehicle crashes (MVC). Though, it has been established that the air bag and seatbelt use reduce injury severity and mortality but still there is limited information on the pattern of injury by restraint type. Herein, we presented two case reports which describe the injury pattern of two patients (both were restrained but only driver had airbag) involved in a single MVC. Both of them had severe traumatic injuries, however, the restrained passenger without airbag, sustained more severe injuries of intestine, kidney and spinal cord...
January 2015: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Rebecca Smith, Gareth Jones, Alexandra Curtis, Hollie Murphy, Graham Flint
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Syringomyelia is a rare or 'orphan' condition with the potential to cause significant disability and detrimental effects to quality of life. Syringomyelia shares similar symptoms to those common in other long-term neurological conditions, including spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. In these more prevalent conditions, physiotherapy is utilized widely and is effective in optimizing physical, psychological and social parameters. Therefore, we theorized that physiotherapy might be transferable to, and beneficial to syringomyelia patients...
March 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Caroline Schaefer, Alesia Sadosky, Rachael Mann, Shoshana Daniel, Bruce Parsons, Michael Tuchman, Alan Anschel, Brett R Stacey, Srinivas Nalamachu, Edward Nieshoff
BACKGROUND: As with many chronic conditions, patients with neuropathic pain (NeP) are high consumers of health care resources. However, limited literature exists on the economic burden of NeP, including its impact on productivity. The aim of this study was to characterize health care resource utilization, productivity, and costs associated with NeP by pain severity level in US adults. METHODS: Subjects (n=624) with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy, human immunodeficiency virus-related peripheral NeP, post-trauma/post-surgical NeP, spinal cord injury with NeP, chronic low back pain with NeP, and small fiber neuropathy were recruited during routine office visits to US community-based general practitioners and specialists...
2014: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
Simon Driver, Ann Marie Warren, Megan Reynolds, Stephanie Agtarap, Rita Hamilton, Zina Trost, Kimberly Monden
OBJECTIVES: To identify (1) changes in psychosocial factors, (2) relationships between psychosocial factors, and (3) significant predictors of resilience in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) during inpatient rehabilitation and at 3-month post-discharge. DESIGN: Cross sectional with convenience sample based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation hospital and community-based follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with a SCI...
2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Jay M Margolis, Paul Juneau, Alesia Sadosky, Joseph C Cappelleri, Thomas N Bryce, Edward C Nieshoff
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate health care resource use, costs, and cost drivers among patients with neuropathic pain (NeP) after spinal cord injury (SCI) in a commercially insured population. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study comparing SCI patients with and without NeP. SETTING: Truven Health MarketScan commercial claims database from 2005 through 2012. PARTICIPANTS: Commercially insured SCI patients with NeP (n=3524) propensity score matched to SCI patients without NeP (n=3524)...
December 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Anna V Leonard, Emma Thornton, Robert Vink
Raised intrathecal pressure (ITP) after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a critically important aspect of injury development that may result in significantly greater tissue damage and worsened functional outcome. Raised ITP is caused by the accumulation of blood and/or water (edema), and while their occurrence after traumatic SCI has been well established, the relative contribution of both processes to the development of ITP after SCI has not yet been determined. Accordingly, the current study investigates the temporal profile of raised ITP after traumatic SCI in relation to both hemorrhage and edema development...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Neurotrauma
Carol Y Scovil, Heather M Flett, Lan T McMillan, Jude J Delparte, Diane J Leber, Jacquie Brown, Anthony S Burns
OBJECTIVES: To implement pressure ulcer (PU) prevention best practices in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation using implementation science frameworks. DESIGN: Quality improvement. SETTING: SCI Rehabilitation Center. PARTICIPANTS: Inpatients admitted January 2012 to July 2013. INTERVENTIONS: Implementation of two PU best practices were targeted: (1) completing a comprehensive PU risk assessment and individualized interprofessional PU prevention plan (PUPP); and (2) providing patient education for PU prevention; as part of the pan-Canadian SCI Knowledge Mobilization Network...
September 2014: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Chang Hyun Oh, Min Soo Kim, Sung Hyun Noh, Dong Ah Shin, Gyu Yeul Ji
There are few reports in the literature of complete obstruction of the vertebral artery (VA) due to an electric screw driver bit penetration through the neural foramen into the spinal canal with Brown-Séquard syndrome (BSS). A 25-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with a penetrated neck injury by an electric screw driver bit after a struggle. The patient presented the clinical features of BSS. Computed tomography scan revealed that the electric screw driver bit penetrated through the right neural foramen at the level of C3-4, and it caused an injury to the right half of the spinal cord...
December 2013: Korean Journal of Spine
M C Stoll, F Rademacher, K Klak, J Strauch, T A Schildhauer, J Swol
Thoracic injury following a major trauma can be life threatening. Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vv-ECMO) can be used as a support to mechanical ventilation when acute respiratory distress syndrome is present. We report the case of an 18-year-old male driver who strayed from the road and fell 15 m into a backyard by landing on the roof of its car. The injury severity score was 51 for his pattern of injuries (hemopneumothorax left, sternum fracture, pneumothorax right, pneumomediastinum, intracerebral bleeding, scalping injury occipital, fracture of the ninth thoracic vertebral body, and complete paraplegia)...
October 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
V K Noonan, D L Wolfe, N P Thorogood, S E Park, J T Hsieh, J J Eng
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review examining the effectiveness of knowledge translation (KT) interventions in changing clinical practice and patient outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for studies published from January 1980 to July 2012 that reported and evaluated an implemented KT intervention in spinal cord injury (SCI) care. We reviewed and summarized results from studies that documented the implemented KT intervention, its impact on changing clinician behavior and patient outcomes as well as the facilitators and barriers encountered during the implementation...
August 2014: Spinal Cord
Akram M Zaaqoq, Rami Namas, Khalid Almahmoud, Nabil Azhar, Qi Mi, Ruben Zamora, David M Brienza, Timothy R Billiar, Yoram Vodovotz
OBJECTIVE: Blunt trauma and traumatic spinal cord injury induce systemic inflammation that contributes to morbidity. Dysregulated neural control of systemic inflammation postinjury is likely exaggerated in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. We used in silico methods to discern dynamic inflammatory networks that could distinguish systemic inflammation in traumatic spinal cord injury from blunt trauma. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTINGS: Tertiary care institution...
June 2014: Critical Care Medicine
Cordelia Ziraldo, Qi Mi, Gary An, Yoram Vodovotz
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is both central to proper wound healing and a key driver of chronic tissue injury via a positive-feedback loop incited by incidental cell damage. We seek to derive actionable insights into the role of inflammation in wound healing in order to improve outcomes for individual patients. APPROACH: To date, dynamic computational models have been used to study the time evolution of inflammation in wound healing. Emerging clinical data on histo-pathological and macroscopic images of evolving wounds, as well as noninvasive measures of blood flow, suggested the need for tissue-realistic, agent-based, and hybrid mechanistic computational simulations of inflammation and wound healing...
November 2013: Advances in Wound Care
K R Monden, Z Trost, D Catalano, A N Garner, J Symcox, S Driver, R G Hamilton, A M Warren
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative research design involving semi-structured focus groups. OBJECTIVES: To increase current understanding of how persons with spinal cord injuries (SCI) define resilience and what factors contribute to their resilience or the resilience of others. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation program in a large urban city in the Southwestern United States. METHODS: A convenience sample of 28 participants (14 current patients; 14 former patients) participated in semi-structured focus groups led by the research investigators...
March 2014: Spinal Cord
Jody A Vogel, Adit A Ginde, Steven R Lowenstein, Marian E Betz
INTRODUCTION: To describe the epidemiology and characteristics of emergency department (ED) visits by older adults for motor vehicle collisions (MVC) in the United States (U.S.). METHODS: We analyzed ED visits for MVCs using data from the 2003-2007 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). Using U.S. Census data, we calculated annual incidence rates of driver or passenger MVC-related ED visits and examined visit characteristics, including triage acuity, tests performed and hospital admission or discharge...
November 2013: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Promila Pagadala, Chul-Kyu Park, Sangsu Bang, Zheng-Zhong Xu, Rou-Gang Xie, Tong Liu, Bao-Xia Han, W Daniel Tracey, Fan Wang, Ru-Rong Ji
It is well established that activation of NMDARs plays an essential role in spinal cord synaptic plasticity (i.e., central sensitization) and pain hypersensitivity after tissue injury. Despite prominent expression of NMDARs in DRG primary sensory neurons, the unique role of peripheral NMDARs in regulating intrinsic neuronal excitability and pain sensitivity is not well understood, in part due to the lack of selective molecular tools. To address this problem, we used Advillin-Cre driver to delete the NR1 subunit of NMDARs selectively in DRG neurons...
August 14, 2013: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Laura D Carbone, Amy S Chin, Stephen P Burns, Jelena N Svircev, Helen Hoenig, Michael Heggeness, Lauren Bailey, Frances Weaver
In the United States, there are over 200,000 men with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) who are at risk for lower limb fractures. The risk of mortality after fractures in SCI is unknown. This was a population-based, cohort study of all male veterans (mean age 54.1; range, 20.3-100.5 years) with a traumatic SCI of at least 2 years' duration enrolled in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Spinal Cord Dysfunction Registry from FY2002 to FY2010 to determine the association between lower extremity fractures and mortality. Mortality for up to 5 years was determined...
February 2014: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Mara B Nery, Simon Driver, Kerri A Vanderbom
OBJECTIVES: To systematically classify the physical activity research for individuals with a spinal cord injury by using the behavioral epidemiologic framework; and to identify where the physical activity research for individuals with a spinal cord injury has focused between 2000 and 2012. DESIGN: Relevant research was identified and then categorized into 1 of 5 phases by following the coding rules of the behavioral epidemiology framework. Phase 1 studies link physical activity and health outcomes, phase 2 studies validate or develop measures of physical activity, phase 3 studies identify factors that influence behavior or examine explanatory theories of behavior, phase 4 studies evaluate interventions, and phase 5 studies disseminate health promotion programs or policies and translate research into practice...
October 2013: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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