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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210394/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-novel-100-silicone-scar-gel-treatment-for-early-intervention-in-scar-management
#1
David J Goldberg
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new topical silicone gel for the early intervention in the management of scars. Design: In this 12-week, observational study, healthy subjects (n=15) with an accessible linear or hypertrophic scar were given the test product and instructed to apply twice daily. Subjects returned 14, 28, 56, and 84 days later for evaluation and recording of adverse events. Setting: Private practice of the author. Participants: Eligible subjects had a scar with a Vancouver Scar Scale total score ≥3 at baseline...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209175/effectiveness-of-topical-silicone-gel-and-pressure-garment-therapy-for-burn-scar-prevention-and-management-in-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Jodie Wiseman, Megan Simons, Roy Kimble, Robert Ware, Steven McPhail, Zephanie Tyack
BACKGROUND: Abnormal scar development following burn injury can cause substantial physical and psychological distress to children and their families. Common burn scar prevention and management techniques include silicone therapy, pressure garment therapy, or a combination of both. Currently, no definitive, high-quality evidence is available for the effectiveness of topical silicone gel or pressure garment therapy for the prevention and management of burn scars in the paediatric population...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127573/biomaterials-and-tissue-engineering-for-scar-management-in-wound-care
#3
REVIEW
Maedeh Rahimnejad, Soroosh Derakhshanfar, Wen Zhong
Scars are a natural and unavoidable result from most wound repair procedures and the body's physiological healing response. However, they scars can cause considerable functional impairment and emotional and social distress. There are different forms of treatments that have been adopted to manage or eliminate scar formation. This review covers the latest research in the past decade on using either natural agents or synthetic biomaterials in treatments for scar reduction.
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040369/bathroom-scald-burns-in-queensland-children
#4
Hobia Gole, Roy Kimble, Kellie Stockton
AIM: To evaluate the current characteristics of bathroom scald injuries in Queensland Children. METHOD: Data was collected from patients who presented with a bathroom scald injury to the Stuart Pegg Paediatric Burns Centre at the Royal Children's Hospital and Lady Cilento Children's Hospital, Brisbane from January 2013 to December 2014. RESULTS: Bathroom scald burns represented 2.6% of total burns cases with an inpatient rate of 39%. The family home is the location of injury in 84% of cases and in 79% the patient was aged 2 years of age or younger...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009693/importance-of-scar-prevention-and-treatment-an-approach-from-wound-care-principles
#5
Leonardo Marini, Derek Odendaal, Sergey Smirnyi
BACKGROUND: The increased number of cosmetic surgical and nonsurgical procedures has led to a greater demand to achieve aesthetically acceptable scars. Silicone gel (SG) dressings were evaluated in these cases following the principles of wound care and also minimizing abnormal scar formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A newly developed solution in wound care in the form of a SG has proven to be a highly effective treatment for a series of 4 clinically challenging cases presented in this article: postprocedure healing after a laser treatment, nonhealing scalp wounds, chronic relapsing xerotic eczematous cheilitis, and the treatment of scars caused by third degree burns...
January 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984480/a-child-with-a-burn-related-foot-and-ankle-contracture-treated-with-multiple-modalities
#6
Miranda Yelvington, Michelle Scoggins, Leslie White
PURPOSE: The presence of hypertrophic scars, which cross lower extremity joints, can often result in decreased range of motion, limitations in functional mobility, and gait deviations. This article reviews a case and describes a multimodal treatment approach. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: A 6-year-old girl developed aggressive hypertrophic scars following a burn injury. A multimodal treatment approach, including splinting, elastomers, and physical therapy, was developed...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931764/accuracy-of-remote-burn-scar-evaluation-via-live-video-conferencing-technology
#7
Lawrence Z Cai, Maria Caceres, Mohan Krishna Dangol, Kiran Nakarmi, Shankar Man Rai, James Chang, Nicole S Gibran, Tam N Pham
OBJECTIVE: Telemedicine in outpatient burn care, particularly in burn scar management, may provide cost-effective care and comes highly rated by patients. However, an effective scar scale using both video and photographic elements has not been validated. The purpose of this study is to test the reliability of the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) using live video-conferencing. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with individuals with healed burn scars in Kathmandu, Nepal...
December 5, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896190/the-use-of-locally-applied-vibration-to-minimize-pain-during-fractional-co2-laser-therapy-in-living-liver-donor-scar-management
#8
Sinyoung Song, Dong Hoon Choi, Tae Suk Oh
BACKGROUND: Fractional CO2 laser is an effective treatment for scars, but most patients complain about sharp burning pain, even after the application of lidocaine ointment. This study analyzed the impact of a vibrating device to nonpharmacologically reduce the acute pain of laser treatment, in accordance with the gate control theory of pain management. METHODS: This is a prospective study performed from May 2013 through March 2014. Fifty-three patients (mean age, 26...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896177/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-bevacizumab-therapy-reduces-hypertrophic-scar-formation-in-a-rabbit-ear-wounding-model
#9
Do Hoon Kwak, Tae Hui Bae, Woo Seob Kim, Han Koo Kim
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic scarring is a pathological condition that occurs after trauma or surgery. Angiogenesis occurs more often with hypertrophic scarring than with normotrophic scarring. The regulation of angiogenesis is one of the key factors in hypertrophic scar management. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an essential factor in the angiogenetic response. This study investigated whether decreasing the level of VEGF is effective for treating hypertrophic scarring. METHODS: Ten 8-week-old female New Zealand white rabbits were included...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888899/facial-scar-management
#10
EDITORIAL
David B Hom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888892/treating-scars-of-the-cheek-region
#11
REVIEW
Kofi Derek Boahene, James A Owusu
Scars of the cheek resulting from all causes can extol significant psychological toll. The cheek is the largest facial subunit and visually and aesthetically prominent making scars in this region difficult to ignore. An approach to scar management that targets specific characteristics of a scar using a combination of surgical and nonsurgical modalities can significantly improve the appearance of most scars. The ideal time to revise a scar should be based on the extent of scar maturation and presence or absence of any functional distortion...
February 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888890/management-of-forehead-scars
#12
REVIEW
Ryan Heffelfinger, Akshay Sanan, Lucas M Bryant
This article provides an overview of scar management within the forehead region. It addresses the unique challenges specific to the treatment of forehead wounds. A logical, stepwise approach is used. A subsite based treatment algorithm is provided along with a review of current best practices. Pertinent case examples are included for demonstration purposes.
February 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784253/the-effectiveness-of-topical-anti-scarring-agents-and-a-novel-combined-process-on-cutaneous-scar-management
#13
Qing-Qing Fang, Chun- Ye Chen, Min-Xia Zhang, Chun-Lan Huang, Xiao-Wei Wang, Ji-Hua Xu, Li-Hong Wu, Li-Yun Zhang, Wei-Qiang Tan
Cutaneous scars (particularly hypertrophic and keloid scars), always follow after a dermal injury to the skin cutaneous scars leave a negative impact on people, both physically and mentally. Comparing to other surgical treatments, patients who do not opt for or can't opt for invasion therapy are more eligible for using the topical anti-scarring agents. In this mini-review, we have researched for and collected the data between October 2005 and October 2015, in PubMed and Web of Science, and identified those agents including silicone-based products, imiquimod, corticosteroids, 5- fluorouracil, bleomycin, mitomycin, and plant extracts such as onion extract, asiaticoside, aloe vera, vitamin E, and so on...
October 25, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707636/ablative-fractional-co2-laser-for-burn-scar-reconstruction-an-extensive-subjective-and-objective-short-term-outcome-analysis-of-a-prospective-treatment-cohort
#14
Andrea C Issler-Fisher, Oliver M Fisher, Ania O Smialkowski, Frank Li, Constant P van Schalkwyk, Peter Haertsch, Peter K M Maitz
BACKGROUND: The introduction of ablative fractional CO2 lasers (CO2-AFL) for burn scar management shows promising results. Whilst recent studies have focused on objective scar outcomes following CO2-AFL treatment, to date no data on patient subjective factors such as quality of life are available. METHODS: A prospective study was initiated to analyze the safety and efficacy of the CO2-AFL. Various objective and subjective outcome parameters were prospectively collected from the date of first consultation and follow-up following treatment...
October 1, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604466/stem-cell-regenerative-potential-for-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Martin Boháč, Mária Csöbönyeiová, Ida Kupcová, Radoslav Zamborský, Jozef Fedeleš, Ján Koller
Stem cells represent heterogeneous population of undifferentiated cells with unique characteristics of long term self renewal and plasticity. Moreover, they are capable of active migration to diseased tissues, secretion of different bioactive molecules, and they have immunosuppressive potential as well. They occur in all tissues through life and are involved in process of embryogenesis and regeneration. During last decades stem cells attracted significant attention in each field of medicine, including plastic and reconstructive surgery...
December 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575671/intensive-swallowing-and-orofacial-contracture-rehabilitation-after-severe-burn-a-pilot-study-and-literature-review
#16
Nicola A Clayton, Elizabeth C Ward, Peter K Maitz
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia following severe burns can be significant and protracted, yet there is little evidence describing the rehabilitation principles, process or outcomes. PURPOSE: Outline current evidence and detail the clinical outcomes of two cases who underwent a multifaceted intensive treatment programme aimed at rehabilitating dysphagia by strengthening swallow function and minimising orofacial contractures after severe head and neck burns. METHODS: Two men (54 and 18 years) with full-thickness head and neck burns and inhalation injury underwent intensive orofacial scar management and dysphagia rehabilitation...
February 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556757/evidence-based-scar-management-how-to-improve-results-with-technique-and-technology
#17
Ibrahim Khansa, Bridget Harrison, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Scars represent the visible sequelae of trauma, injury, burn, or surgery. They may induce distress in the patient because of their aesthetically unpleasant appearance, especially if they are excessively raised, depressed, wide, or erythematous. They may also cause the patient symptoms of pain, tightness, and pruritus. Numerous products are marketed for scar prevention or improvement, but their efficacy is unclear. METHODS: A literature review of high-level studies analyzing methods to prevent or improve hypertrophic scars, keloids, and striae distensae was performed...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545659/-burn-child-specificity
#18
M C Plancq, L Goffinet, V Duquennoy-Martinot
Burn is still a frequent accident in children and particularly occurs in young children under 4years. The majority were caused by hot liquids (scalds) with mixed-dermal burns and is commonly treated conservatively with surgery performed at 10-15 days post-injury after healing of superficial burn. Patients with burns greater than 10% need early fluid resuscitation and adequate nutritional support to avoid deepening with infection, improve healing and survival. Hypovolemic shock could be very abrupt in children...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538109/the-efficacy-of-a-silicone-sheet-in-postoperative-scar-management
#19
Jin Sam Kim, Joon Pio Hong, Jong Woo Choi, Dong Kyo Seo, Eun Sook Lee, Ho Seong Lee
OBJECTIVE: Silicone gel sheeting has been introduced to prevent scarring, but objective evidence for its usefulness in scar healing is limited. Therefore, the authors' objective was to examine the effectiveness of silicone gel sheeting by randomly applying it to only unilateral scars from a bilateral hallux valgus surgery with symmetrical closure. DESIGN: In a prospective randomized, blinded, intraindividual comparison study, the silicone gel sheeting was applied to 1 foot of a hallux valgus incision scar (an experiment group) for 12 weeks upon removal of the stitches, whereas the symmetrical scar from the other foot was left untreated (a control group)...
September 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478420/update-on-postsurgical-scar-management
#20
REVIEW
Sarah Jane Commander, Edward Chamata, Joshua Cox, Ryan M Dickey, Edward I Lee
Postoperative scar appearance is often a significant concern among patients, with many seeking advice from their surgeons regarding scar minimization. Numerous products are available that claim to decrease postoperative scar formation and improve wound healing. These products attempt to create an ideal environment for wound healing by targeting the three phases of wound healing: inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. With that said, preoperative interventions, such as lifestyle modifications and optimization of medical comorbidities, and intraoperative interventions, such as adherence to meticulous operative techniques, are equally important for ideal scarring...
August 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
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