keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gap detection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727052/rapid-communication-subclinical-bovine-respiratory-disease-loci-and-pathogens-associated-with-lung-lesions-in-feedlot-cattle
#1
J N Kiser, T E Lawrence, M Neupane, C M Seabury, J F Taylor, J E Womack, H L Neibergs
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an economically important disease of feedlot cattle that is caused by viral and bacterial pathogen members of the BRD complex. Many cases of subclinical BRD go untreated and are not detected until slaughter, when lung lesions are identified. The objectives of this study were to identify which BRD pathogens were associated with the presence of lung lesions at harvest and to identify genomic loci that were associated with susceptibility to lung lesions as defined by consolidation of the lung and/or the presence of fibrin tissue...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726221/redox-properties-of-humic-substances-under-different-environmental-conditions
#2
Wenyu Tian, Zhen Yang, Xue Zhang, Weifang Ma, Jie Jiang
Humic substances (HS) are one of the most important parts of dissolved organic matter which are ubiquitous in environments playing an important role in many (bio)geochemical processes. In order to define the effects of environmental conditions on the biological transformation of compounds in the presence of HS, microbial reduction rates of ferrihydrite under different HS concentrations, environmental temperature, and pH values were determined. The results showed that increasing the concentration of standard humic substances (Pahokee peat standard humic acids (PPHA) or Pahokee peat standard fulvic acids (PPFA)) purchased from the International Humic Substances Society could compensate for the certain gap of reduction rates between low temperature (10 °C) and high temperature (35 °C)...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725940/construction-of-the-first-high-density-genetic-linkage-map-and-analysis-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-growth-related-traits-in-sinonovacula-constricta
#3
Donghong Niu, Yunchao Du, Ze Wang, Shumei Xie, Haideng Nguyen, Zhiguo Dong, Heding Shen, Jiale Li
The razor clam (Sinonovacula constricta) is an important aquaculture species, for which a high-density genetic linkage map would play an important role in marker-assisted selection (MAS). In this study, we constructed a high-density genetic map and detected quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for Sinonovacula constricta with an F1 cross population by using the specific locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) method. A total of 315,553 SLAF markers out of 467.71 Mreads were developed. The final linkage map was composed of 7516 SLAFs (156...
July 19, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#4
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724373/changing-nutrition-care-practices-in-hospital-a-thematic-analysis-of-hospital-staff-perspectives
#5
Celia Laur, Renata Valaitis, Jack Bell, Heather Keller
BACKGROUND: Many patients are admitted to hospital and are already malnourished. Gaps in practice have identified that care processes for these patients can be improved. Hospital staff, including management, needs to work towards optimizing nutrition care in hospitals to improve the prevention, detection and treatment of malnutrition. The objective of this study was to understand how staff members perceived and described the necessary ingredients to support change efforts required to improve nutrition care in their hospital...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723613/mixture-model-based-association-analysis-with-case-control-data-in-genome-wide-association-studies
#6
Fadhaa Ali, Jian Zhang
Multilocus haplotype analysis of candidate variants with genome wide association studies (GWAS) data may provide evidence of association with disease, even when the individual loci themselves do not. Unfortunately, when a large number of candidate variants are investigated, identifying risk haplotypes can be very difficult. To meet the challenge, a number of approaches have been put forward in recent years. However, most of them are not directly linked to the disease-penetrances of haplotypes and thus may not be efficient...
July 19, 2017: Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723097/decorating-of-ag-and-cuo-on-cu-nanoparticles-for-the-enhanced-high-catalytic-activity-to-the-degradation-of-organic-pollutants
#7
Yu Liang, Zhe Chen, Wen Yao, Pengyi Wang, Shujun Yu, Xiangke Wang
The metal/semiconductor composites are promising catalysts with superior catalytic activity. In this work, a Cu/CuO-Ag composite with structure that Ag and CuO nanoparticles (NPs) decorated on the surface of Cu were fabricated via a facile in-situ method. With the characterization by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), the structure and structure and component of Cu/CuO-Ag composite were well-defined...
July 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722095/-correlation-of-mri-apparent-diffusion-coeffcient-with-molecular-marker-ki-67-in-gastric-cancer
#8
Guodian Zheng, Xiangdong Cheng, Lijing Wang, Zhiyuan Xu, Xuning Gao, Pengfei Yu, Hang Lyu, Ting Huang, Jiahui Chen
OBJECTIVES: To study the correlation between MRI apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and expression of Ki-67 in gastric cancers, and to investigate the application of ADC value in diagnosing the malignance of gastric cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on 87 gastric cancer patients who received MRI examination and radical resection at Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from November 2014 to August 2015. All the postoperative resected samples were confirmed as gastric cancer...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721085/ambulatory-and-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-gaps-between-clinical-guidelines-and-clinical-practice-in-singapore
#9
Sajita Setia, Kannan Subramaniam, Boon Wee Teo, Jam Chin Tay
PURPOSE: Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurements (home blood pressure monitoring [HBPM] and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [ABPM]) provide important additional information for effective hypertension detection and management decisions. Therefore, out-of-office BP measurement is now recommended by several international guidelines. This study evaluated the practice and uptake of HBPM and ABPM among physicians from Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of physicians from Singapore was surveyed between 8 September and 5 October 2016...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720703/canopy-structure-drives-orangutan-habitat-selection-in-disturbed-bornean-forests
#10
Andrew B Davies, Marc Ancrenaz, Felicity Oram, Gregory P Asner
The conservation of charismatic and functionally important large species is becoming increasingly difficult. Anthropogenic pressures continue to squeeze available habitat and force animals into degraded and disturbed areas. Ensuring the long-term survival of these species requires a well-developed understanding of how animals use these new landscapes to inform conservation and habitat restoration efforts. We combined 3 y of highly detailed visual observations of Bornean orangutans with high-resolution airborne remote sensing (Light Detection and Ranging) to understand orangutan movement in disturbed and fragmented forests of Malaysian Borneo...
July 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720270/cancer-through-black-eyes-the-views-of-uk-based-black-men-towards-cancer-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#11
Betselot Mulugeta, Susan Williamson, Rob Monks, Thomas Hack, Kinta Beaver
PURPOSE: Little is known about black African (BA) and black African-Caribbean (BAC) men's views towards cancer; yet culture and acculturation can contribute to the way in which people understand, explain and develop their attitudes towards cancer. Hence, cancer prevention and early detection strategies may not be sensitive to United Kingdom (UK)-based black men's views, affecting their awareness of risk factors and early detection services. This study explored the views of UK-based BA and BAC men towards cancer...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719776/blood-glucose-disorders-and-access-to-health-care-services-among-adults-aged-30-to-69-years-in-chi-linh-hai-duong-vietnam
#12
Vu Thi Hoang Lan, Le Tu Hoang, Nguyen Thuy Linh, Bui Thi Tu Quyen
Planning for control of diabetes in Vietnam needs valid information about the burden of diseases in general population. This study employed a cross-sectional design among population aged 30 to 69 years to measure the burden of type 2 diabetes and gaps in access to health care to explore the negative effects of rapid economic growth and urbanization in Chi Linh in recent years. A total of 594 adults were interviewed and had their fasting blood glucose tested. Results indicated that the prevalence of impaired fasting glycaemia was 11...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716582/a-probabilistic-poisson-based-model-accounts-for-an-extensive-set-of-absolute-auditory-threshold-measurements
#13
Peter Heil, Artur Matysiak, Heinrich Neubauer
Thresholds for detecting sounds in quiet decrease with increasing sound duration in every species studied. The neural mechanisms underlying this trade-off, often referred to as temporal integration, are not fully understood. Here, we probe the human auditory system with a large set of tone stimuli differing in duration, shape of the temporal amplitude envelope, duration of silent gaps between bursts, and frequency. Duration was varied by varying the plateau duration of plateau-burst (PB) stimuli, the duration of the onsets and offsets of onset-offset (OO) stimuli, and the number of identical bursts of multiple-burst (MB) stimuli...
June 27, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714895/flexible-boron-doped-diamond-bdd-electrodes-for-plant-monitoring
#14
Shoko Tago, Tsuyoshi Ochiai, Seitaro Suzuki, Mio Hayashi, Takeshi Kondo, Akira Fujishima
Detecting the bio-potential changes of plants would be useful for monitoring their growth and health in the field. A sensitive plant monitoring system with flexible boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes prepared from BDD powder and resin (Nafion or Vylon-KE1830) was investigated. The properties of the electrodes were compared with those of small BDD plate-type electrodes by monitoring the bioelectric potentials of potted Aloe and hybrid species in the genus Opuntia. While flexible BDD electrodes have wide potential windows, their cyclic voltammograms are different from those of the BDD plate...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713480/impact-of-exercise-programs-on-hospital-readmission-following-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#15
Parag Goyal, Diana Delgado, Scott L Hummel, Kumar Dharmarajan
Given persistently high 30-day readmission rates among patients hospitalized for heart failure, there is an ongoing need to identify new interventions to reduce readmissions. Although exercise programs can improve outcomes among ambulatory heart failure patients, it is not clear whether this benefit extends to reducing readmissions following heart failure hospitalization. We therefore conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify randomized controlled trials examining the impact of exercise programs on hospital readmissions among patients recently hospitalized for heart failure...
October 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712408/-dectection-of-g3bp-and-cd44v6-in-the-tissues-of-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-their-clinical-significance
#16
Dahu Luo, Weihua Lou
Objective To study the expressions of RNA-binding Ras-GAP SH3 binding protein (G3BP) and tumor stem cell marker CD44v6 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and their correlations with angiogenesis. Methods We collected the cancer tissues and corresponding paracancerous tissues from 56 patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. The expressions of G3BP and CD44v6 proteins were detected by Western blotting in cancer tissues and corresponding paracancerous tissues; the expressions of G3BP, CD44v6 and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) were tested by immunohistochemistry...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711905/the-prevalence-subtypes-and-associated-factors-of-hyperuricemia-in-lupus-nephritis-patients-at-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-1-3
#17
Simeng Liu, Yijun Gong, Hong Ren, Wen Zhang, Xiaonong Chen, Tong Zhou, Xiao Li, Nan Chen
There is a high prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. However, there's a dearth of research on HUA's prevalence, subtypes, early detection, and treatment strategies of HUA in lupus nephritis (LN) patients. The aim of this study is to address these knowledge gaps. LN patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital from January 2011 to January 2016 were recruited. The effective sample size was derived using the power analysis. The demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the LN patients with HUA were compared with those of patients without HUA...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710271/novel-alphacoronaviruses-and-paramyxoviruses-co-circulate-with-type-1-and-sars-related-betacoronaviruses-in-synanthropic-bats-in-luxembourg
#18
Maude Pauly, Jacques B Pir, Catherine Loesch, Aurélie Sausy, Chantal J Snoeck, Judith M Hübschen, Claude P Muller
Several infectious disease outbreaks with high mortality in humans have been attributed to viruses that are thought to have evolved from bat viruses. In this study from Luxembourg, the genetic diversity and epidemiology of paramyxoviruses and coronaviruses shed by the bat species Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Myotis emarginatus was evaluated. Faeces collection (n= 624) was performed longitudinally in a mixed-species colony in 2015 and 2016. In addition, faeces (n= 254) were collected cross-sectionally from six Myotis emarginatus colonies in 2016...
July 14, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709843/-safety-management-and-compliance-with-rules
#19
A Vacher, J Albentosa, Y Auroy
The design of rules (laws, norms, policies, procedures, protocols) and the implementation of a management that aimed at conforming the behaviors of operators with these rules has long been the dominant approach to improve safety in socio-technical systems. This approach has proven to be effective in enhancing safety by enabling organizations to cope with predictable risks and failures. However, in our modern and constantly evolving socio-technical systems, where the management of unforeseen situation has become the rule, this approach has shown its limitations: operators' initiatives, which sometimes deviate from rules, are equally important for maintaining safety...
July 11, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709393/microbiome-associated-with-severe-caries-in-canadian-first-nations-children
#20
M Agnello, J Marques, L Cen, B Mittermuller, A Huang, N Chaichanasakul Tran, W Shi, X He, R J Schroth
Young Indigenous children in North America suffer from a higher degree of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) than the general population, leading to speculation that the etiology and characteristics of the disease may be distinct in this population. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted the first microbiome analysis of an Indigenous population using modern molecular techniques. We investigated the caries-associated microbiome among Canadian First Nations children with S-ECC. Thirty First Nations children <72 mo of age with S-ECC and 20 caries-free children were recruited in Winnipeg, Canada...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
keyword
keyword
5288
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"