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"Augmentative Communication"

Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
Ana P M Pinheiro, Rachel H Pocock, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Margie D Dixon, Walid L Shaib, Suresh S Ramalingam, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Molecular testing to inform treatment and clinical trial choices is now the standard of care for several types of cancer. However, no established guidelines exist for the type of information physicians should cover during discussions with the patient about the test or its results. The objectives of this study were to identify physician and patient preferences regarding information and who should communicate this information and how to inform guidelines for these conversations...
January 31, 2017: Cancer
Elias Abou Zeid, Alborz Rezazadeh Sereshkeh, Tom Chau
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the readiness potential (RP), a type of pre-movement neural activity, has been investigated for asynchronous electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Since the RP is attenuated for involuntary movements, a BCI driven by RP alone could facilitate intentional control amid a plethora of unintentional movements. Previous studies have attempted single trial classification of RP via spatial and temporal filtering methods, or by combining the RP with event-related desynchronization...
December 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
Hyun W Ka, Richard C Simpson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of the circling interface, which is an alternative interaction method for selecting and manipulating on-screen objects based on circling the target, rather than pointing and clicking. METHOD: We conducted empirical evaluations with actual head-mounted mouse emulator users from two different groups: individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and individuals with cerebral palsy (CP), comparing each group's performance and satisfaction level on pointing tasks with the circling interface to performance on the same tasks when using dwell-clicking software...
June 13, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
P Trevisi, A Ciorba, C Aimoni, R Bovo, A Martini
The aim of this paper is to assess the long-term audiological features and outcomes of hearing rehabilitation in a large group of individuals with CHARGE Syndrome. The study has been conducted retrospectively, on a paediatric patient database, at the Audiology Department of the University Hospitals of Ferrara and Padua. The study sample included 31 children presenting with different degrees of hearing impairment associated with CHARGE syndrome. Hearing was assessed using auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and/or electrocochleography, or conditioned audiometry (visual reinforcement audiometry [VRA] or play audiometry)...
June 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Clayton Wukich
OBJECTIVE: To identify and illustrate the range of strategies and tactics available for emergency managers using social media. DESIGN: This study uses content analysis of more than 80 related journal articles, research reports, and government documents as well as more than 120 newspaper articles, identified through LexisNexis search queries. RESULTS: Three strategies, information dissemination, monitoring real-time data, and engaging the public in a conversation and/or crowdsourcing, are available to emergency managers to augment communication practices via face-to-face contact and through traditional media outlets...
July 2015: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Niccolò Mora, Ilaria De Munari, Paolo Ciampolini
We present a complete BCI-enabled (Brain Computer Interface) solution for Ambient Assisted Living system control. BCI are alternative, augmentative communication means capable of exploiting just the brain waveforms to infer intent, thus potentially posing as a technological bridge capable of overcoming limitations in the usual neuromuscular pathways. The module was completely developed in a customized way, encompassing hardware and software components. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach on a practical control scenario in which the user can issue 4 different commands, at his own pace and will, in real-time...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Kelene Fercho, Lee A Baugh, Elizabeth K Hanson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to examine the neural mechanisms associated with increases in speech intelligibility brought about through alphabet supplementation. METHOD: Neurotypical participants listened to dysarthric speech while watching an accompanying video of a hand pointing to the 1st letter spoken of each word on an alphabet display (treatment condition) or a scrambled display (control condition). Their hemodynamic response was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging, using a sparse sampling event-related paradigm...
October 2015: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Aya Goto, Rima E Rudd, Alden Yuanhong Lai, Hiromi Yoshida-Komiya
Health literacy comprises not only an individual's ability to gain access to, understand and use health information, but also health care providers' ability to make health information accessible and usable. The Fukushima nuclear accident has posed challenges related to the communication of radiation-related health information. Public health nurses are gatekeepers of community health in Japan, and have primary responsibility for communicating this complex information about science and risk to lay members of the community...
May 1, 2014: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
Navneet Grewal, Tanvi Sethi, Sukrit Grewal
PURPOSE: This study compared and evaluated the efficacy of conventional low-tech and improvised high-tech alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) software in behavior management in the dental environment and oral hygiene activities performance of children with special health care needs as well as improving their communication skills with the dentist and caretakers. METHODS: A total of 60 institutionalized children with special health care needs were divided into two groups of 30 each to be exposed to low-tech AAC and high-tech AAC systems (special smiles for special children material)...
May 2015: Special Care in Dentistry
Joke J M Geytenbeek, R Jeroen Vermeulen, Jules G Becher, Kim J Oostrom
AIM: To assess spoken language comprehension in non-speaking children with severe cerebral palsy (CP) and to explore possible associations with motor type and disability. METHOD: Eighty-seven non-speaking children (44 males, 43 females, mean age 6y 8mo, SD 2y 1mo) with spastic (54%) or dyskinetic (46%) CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] levels IV [39%] and V [61%]) underwent spoken language comprehension assessment with the computer-based instrument for low motor language testing (C-BiLLT), a new and validated diagnostic instrument...
March 2015: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Mark J Jayes, Rebecca L Palmer
BACKGROUND: The process of obtaining informed consent from people with communication difficulties is challenging. An online survey was conducted to explore the experiences of stroke research staff in seeking consent from this population. OBJECTIVES: To identify how stroke research staff seek consent from people with communication difficulties, potential barriers to effective practice, and ways to improve practice. METHODS: All research staff working for the National Institute for Health Research Stroke Research Network in England were invited to complete an online questionnaire...
September 2014: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Ani S Whitmore, Mary Ann Romski, Rose A Sevcik
This exploratory study examined the potential secondary outcome of an early augmented language intervention that incorporates speech-generating devices (SGD) on motor skill use for children with developmental delays. The data presented are from a longitudinal study by Romski and colleagues. Toddlers in the augmented language interventions were either required (Augmented Communication-Output; AC-O) or not required (Augmented Communication-Input; AC-I) to use the SGD to produce an augmented word. Three standardized assessments and five event-based coding schemes measured the participants' language abilities and motor skills...
September 2014: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
Anna Lerna, Dalila Esposito, Massimiliano Conson, Angelo Massagli
BACKGROUND: The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a popular augmentative communication system frequently used with 'nonverbal' children with autism. Several studies suggested that PECS could represent an effective tool for promoting improvement of several social-communicative skills. Only sparse evidence is instead available on the long-term effectiveness of this treatment system. AIMS: To test the long-term effects of PECS, for which a follow-up study was conducted by assessing social-communicative skills in nonverbal preschool children with autism after 12 months from treatment completion...
July 2014: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Elena Dukhovny, Susanne Gahl
UNLABELLED: Language production via high-tech alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) devices involves use of motor sequences that are determined by the visuo-spatial characteristics of a particular device. The current study uses traditional short-term memory tasks with device-based output to demonstrate that typical talkers show a trend toward device-specific modality interference in short-term device-based recall. The theoretical implications of these early findings with regard to models of working memory and the clinical implications are discussed...
March 2014: Journal of Communication Disorders
Stéphanie Daniel
One of the basic aspects to be taken into account in the treatment of an autistic child is their impaired communication. Alternative or augmentative communication can take several forms: pictograms, gestural codes, writing. Speech therapists adapt their work to the child's disorders.
January 2014: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
Mary Purdy, Julie A Van Dyke
Management of patients with aph asia often focuses on training nonverbal augmentative communication strategies; however, these strategies frequently do not generalize to natural situations. The limited success may be because training waS not sufficient to produce an integrated multimodal semantic representation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether simultaneous training of stimuli in both verbal and nonverbal modalities would solidify the links within the semantic network and improve switching among modalities as needed in conversation...
September 1, 2011: Journal of Medical Speech-language Pathology
Cheryl D Tierney, Marie Kurtz, Ann Panchik, Kathleen Pitterle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an analysis of the effectiveness of commonly used interventions for social pragmatic interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and social communication disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Several evidence-based social skills interventions are emerging, including peer mentoring, social skills groups, and video modeling. Social stories are effective as supports for improved interactions but generalization is limited...
April 2014: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Umut Orhan, Kenneth E Hild, Deniz Erdogmus, Brian Roark, Barry Oken, Melanie Fried-Oken
Humans need communication. The desire to communicate remains one of the primary issues for people with locked-in syndrome (LIS). While many assistive and augmentative communication systems that use various physiological signals are available commercially, the need is not satisfactorily met. Brain interfaces, in particular, those that utilize event related potentials (ERP) in electroencephalography (EEG) to detect the intent of a person noninvasively, are emerging as a promising communication interface to meet this need where existing options are insufficient...
2012: Proceedings of the ... IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
Susan Wiley, Samantha Gustafson, Justin Rozniak
Little is known about children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) with a coexisting autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective of our study was to understand the needs of children who are D/HH with coexisting ASD. We posed questions for group discussion about diagnostic process, impact of dual diagnosis on communication, and helpful resources. Four parents of three children participated. Challenges in the diagnostic process included the challenges in the appropriateness of the evaluation tools and the limited expertise of the professionals performing the evaluations...
January 2014: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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