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Distal radius fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325701/evaluation-of-flexor-pollicis-longus-tendon-attrition-using-color-doppler-imaging-after-volar-plate-fixation-for-distal-radius-fracture
#1
Yoshitaka Tanaka, Hiroyuki Gotani, Koichi Yano, Kosuke Sasaki, Yoshitaka Hamada
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of attritional wear of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon is essential in preventing subsequent tendon rupture. There are currently few objective methods of assessing FPL attrition. We hypothesized that color Doppler imaging could visibly detect FPL tendon attrition, and analyzed our results. METHODS: We evaluated ultrasound imaging of the contact between the FPL tendon and a volar locking plate using the real-time B-mode and Doppler waveforms of the FPL tendon using the continuous Doppler wave mode in 40 patients who underwent fixation of the distal volar locking plate for distal radius fracture...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319258/ct-derived-indices-of-canine-osteosarcoma-affected-antebrachial-strength
#2
Tanya C Garcia, Michele A Steffey, Allison L Zwingenberger, Leticia Daniel, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: To improve the prediction of fractures in dogs with bone tumors of the distal radius by identifying computed tomography (CT) indices that correlate with antebrachial bone strength and fracture location. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Dogs with antebrachial osteosarcoma (n = 10), and normal cadaver bones (n=9). METHODS: Antebrachia were imaged with quantitative CT prior to biomechanical testing to failure...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300049/type-i-monteggia-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-radius-epiphyseal-injury-a-rare-case-report
#3
Gaurav Mundada, Sohael Mohammed Khan, Shraddha K Singhania, Varun Gupta, Pradeep K Singh, Saherish Khan
Simultaneous Monteggia injuries of the elbow and ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury both bone are a unique case. A unique case of a Type I Monteggia fracture equivalent with ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury (Salter-Harris Type II) in a child is reported. We describe the management of this unique fracture and discuss the possible mechanism of injury. We have highlighted a rare combination of injuries. Early recognition and prompt surgical intervention can lead to a satisfactory outcome even in these complex injuries...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291431/is-it-possible-to-avoid-intra-articular-screw-penetration-with-minimal-use-of-fluoroscopy-in-the-application-of-distal-radius-volar-plate
#4
Cengiz Aldemir, Fatih Duygun
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate whether or not it is possible to avoid intra-articular screw penetration in the application of distal radius volar plate with minimal use of fluoroscopy and thereby reduce to a minimum the risk of exposure of the surgical team to radiation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Volar plate with distal screw application with minimal use of fluoroscopy was performed in a total of 50 patients (22 males, 28 females; mean age 43.52 years; range 18 to 76 years) with unstable distal radius fracture following reduction of fracture between June 2014 and May 2016...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290758/similar-1-year-subjective-outcome-after-a-distal-radius-fracture-during-the-10-year-period-2003-2012
#5
Marcus Landgren, Antonio Abramo, Mats Geijer, Philippe Kopylov, Magnus Tägil
Background and purpose - During the last decades, treatment of distal radius fractures (DRFs) has changed, with surgical intervention being more common and with new techniques. We investigated whether this change has influenced the subjective outcome. Here we report, year by year, the 1-year score after a DRF over a 10-year-period, using a patient-reported outcome measure. Patients and methods - Patients aged 18 years or more with a DRF between 2003 and 2012 were prospectively and consecutively registered in a longitudinal outcome database...
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289103/bone-structural-changes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-evaluated-by-hr-pqct-a-two-year-longitudinal-study
#6
Vikram Vinod Shanbhogue, René Klinkby Støving, Katrine Diemer Frederiksen, Stine Hanson, Kim Brixen, Jeppe Gram, Niklas Rye Jorgensen, Stinus Hansen
Objective, design and methods: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has proved successful in attaining sustained weight loss but may lead to metabolic bone disease. To assess impact on bone mass and structure, we measured areal bone mineral density at the hip and spine by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone microarchitecture at the distal radius and tibia by high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT in 25 morbidly obese subjects (15 females, 10 males) at 0, 12 and 24 months after RYGB...
March 13, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286623/effective-management-of-bone-fractures-with-the-illuminoss%C3%A2-photodynamic-bone-stabilization-system-initial-clinical-experience-from-the-european-union-registry
#7
Thomas Gausepohl, Dietmar Pennig, Steffen Heck, Sascha Gick, Paul A Vegt, Jon E Block
The IlluminOss(®) system (IS) uses a light-curable polymer contained within an inflatable balloon catheter, forming a patient customized intramedullary implant. A registry was established in Germany and The Netherlands to prospectively collect technical and clinical outcomes in patients treated with IS for fractures of the phalange, metacarpal, radius, ulna, distal radius, fibula, clavicle and/or olecranon. Humeral, femoral, tibial and pelvic fractures were included under compassionate use. Procedural success included successful placement of the device at the target fracture site and achievement of fracture stabilization...
February 20, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276092/bone-microarchitecture-assessed-by-hr-pqct-as-predictor-of-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-the-ofely-study
#8
Elisabeth Sornay-Rendu, Stephanie Boutroy, François Duboeuf, Roland D Chapurlat
Several cross-sectional studies have shown that impairment of bone microarchitecture contributes to skeletal fragility. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the prediction of fracture (Fx) by bone microarchitecture assessed by high-resolution peripheral computed tomography (HR- pQCT) in postmenopausal women. We measured microarchitecture at the distal radius and tibia with HR-pQCT in the OFELY study, in addition to areal BMD with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 589 women, mean ± SD age 68 ± 9 years...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274010/radiological-outcomes-of-distal-radius-fractures-managed-with-2-7mm-volar-locking-plate-fixation-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Prem Kotian, Srikanth Mudiganty, Rajendra Annappa, Jose Austine
INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fractures accounts for around 15% of all fractures diagnosed and treated in the emergency rooms. These fractures usually result secondary to high velocity injury such as a motor vehicle accident or fall on an out stretched hand. In the elderly, it is a common fragility fracture. Volar Locking Compression Plates (LCP) is effective devices for fixation of the distal radius fractures. There is a lacuna with regard to literature on the 2.7 mm volar LCP and the current study retrospectively assesses the postoperative radiological outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274009/unstable-distal-radius-fractures-treated-by-volar-locking-anatomical-plates
#10
Anto Jose, Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi, Pascal Noel Deniese, Abey Thomas Babu, Kanagasabai Rengasamy, Syed Najimudeen
INTRODUCTION: Fracture of the distal end of radius represents the most common fracture of the upper extremity accounting for 16-20% of all fractures. Plating is now emerging as the gold standard for management of distal radius fractures due to increased rate of complications such as malunion, subluxation/dislocation of distal radio-ulnar joint or late collapse of fracture. Procedures such as closed reduction and cast immobilization, ligamentotaxis with external fixator and percutaneous pin fixation are no longer acceptable...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271083/relationship-between-bone-mineral-density-and-serum-vitamin-d-with-low-energy-hip-and-distal-radius-fractures-a-case-control-study
#11
Mohammad Ali Tahririan, Mehdi Motififard, Ali Omidian, Hossein Akbari Aghdam, Amir Esmaeali
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between serum vitamin D and the status of bone mineral density in patients with low-energy hip and distal radius fracture. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was performed between January 2013 and January 2014. Participants aged 55 years or older were divided to case group including 85 patients with low-energy hip fracture and 83 patients with low-energy distal radius fractures, and 82 subjects as a matched control group...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262282/a-survey-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-at-the-time-of-distal-radius-fractures
#12
Kiyohito Naito, Yoichi Sugiyama, Thitinut Dilokhuttakarn, Mayuko Kinoshita, Kenji Goto, Kentaro Aritomi, Yoshiyuki Iwase, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the presence or absence, incidence, and degree of extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon injury by visual confirmation of the EPL at the time of osteosynthesis for distal radius fractures. METHODS: The subjects were 25 patients (5 males and 20 females; mean age: 56 years) with distal radius fracture that had a dorsal roof fragment. During osteosynthesis using a volar locking plate, the third compartment was exposed in order to determine the EPL injury...
February 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261435/flexible-intramedullary-nailing-of-forearm-fractures-at-the-distal-metadiaphyseal-junction-in-adolescents
#13
Byung Sung Kim, Yong Sung Lee, Sung Yong Park, Jae Hwi Nho, Sun Geun Lee, Young Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the radiographic and functional outcomes of flexible intramedullary (IM) nailing in adolescent patients with forearm fractures at the diaphysis or at the metadiaphyseal junction (MDJ). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the results of 40 patients who underwent IM nailing for pediatric forearm fractures. Thirty males and 10 females were followed for an average of 16 months (range, 12 to 20 months). Their average age was 11 years (range, 10 to 16 years)...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259283/impact-of-distal-ulnar-fracture-malunion-on-distal-radioulnar-joint-instability-a-biomechanical-study-of-the-distal-interosseous-membrane-using-a-cadaver-model
#14
Satoshi Miyamura, Atsuo Shigi, Jirachart Kraisarin, Shohei Omokawa, Tsuyoshi Murase, Hideki Yoshikawa, Hisao Moritomo
PURPOSE: Certain distal ulna fractures may contribute to distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability. We hypothesized that residual distal ulna translation could affect DRUJ stability by slackening the distal interosseous membrane (DIOM). We aimed to test this hypothesis in a cadaver model. METHODS: We created an ulnar translated distal ulna fracture model in 6 cadavers. Dorsal and palmar displacements of the ulna relative to the radius were measured and DRUJ instability was staged under the following conditions: (1) 0-, 2-, and 4-mm ulnar translation of the distal ulna with an intact triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) and DIOM; (2) 0-, 2-, and 4-mm translations with TFCC divided and an intact DIOM; and (3) a 0-mm translation with TFCC and DIOM divided...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258366/risk-factors-for-distal-radius-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women
#15
Wenting Xu, Cheng Ni, Ren Yu, Guoqing Gu, Zheren Wang, Guoqing Zheng
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to explore the risk factors for distal radius fracture in postmenopausal women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 611 postmenopausal women with distal radius fractures were included. In all, 173 patients with unstable distal radius fractures were included (unstable fracture group), while there were 438 patients with stable distal radius fractures (stable fracture group). The control group comprised 800 postmenopausal women with no fracture...
March 3, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255508/early-complications-following-osteosynthesis-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-comparison-of-geriatric-and-nongeriatric-cohorts
#16
Richard M Hinds, John T Capo, Sanjeev Kakar, James Roberson, Michael B Gottschalk
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are common geriatric fractures with the overall incidence expected to increase as the population continues to age. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the short-term complication rates in geriatric versus nongeriatric cohorts following osteosynthesis of DRFs. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) part II database was queried for adult DRF cases performed from 2007 to 2013. Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to identify cases treated via osteosynthesis...
March 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255487/difficulty-in-fixation-of-the-volar-lunate-facet-fragment-in-distal-radius-fracture
#17
Hiroyuki Obata, Tomonori Baba, Kentaro Futamura, Osamu Obayashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Hideki Tsuji, Yoshiaki Kurata, Kazuo Kaneko
Recent reports suggest the presence of a rare fracture type for which reduction and fixation cannot be achieved with volar locking plate (VLP). In particular, it is difficult to achieve reduction and fixation with volar lunate facet (VLF) fragments present on the volar ulnar aspect of the lunate facet, because of the anatomical structure and biomechanics in this region. Herein, we report two challenging cases of difficulty in fixation of the VLF fragment in distal radius fracture. For this fracture type, it is most important to identify the volar ulnar bone fragment before surgery; it may also be necessary to optimize distal placement of the VLP via a dual-window approach and to apply additional fixations, such as a small plate, anchor, and/or external fixation...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254313/common-treatments-and-procedures-used-for-fractures-of-the-distal-radius-and-scaphoid-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Basel A Khader, Mark R Towler
The distal radius and the scaphoid are the most commonly injured carpal bones among both active adults and the osteoporotic elderly. The purpose of surgical treatment is to restore form and function to the wrist. Depending on the nature of the fracture, either topical procedures or invasive surgery can be applied. This article critiques the treatments currently used for fixation of wrist fractures in order to drive the development of new materials to improve patient outcomes.
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253942/delayed-fracture-healing-in-diabetics-with-distal-radius-fractures
#19
S Pscherer, G H Sandmann, S Ehnert, A K Nussler, U Stöckle, T Freude
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Diabetics may have an increased fracture risk, depending on disease duration, quality of metabolic adjustment and extent of comorbidities, and on an increased tendency to fall. The aim of this retrospective one-centre study consisted in detecting differences in fracture healing between patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Data of patients with the most common fracture among older patients were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS Classification of distal radius fractures was established according to the AO classification...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249979/do-radiological-and-functional-outcomes-correlate-for-fractures-of-the-distal-radius
#20
C E Plant, N R Parsons, M L Costa
AIMS: We conducted a study to determine whether radiological parameters correlate with patient reported functional outcome, health-related quality of life and physical measures of function in patients with a fracture of the distal radius. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The post-operative palmar tilt and ulnar variance at six weeks and 12 months were correlated with the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, and EuroQol scores, grip strength, pinch strength and range of movement at three, six and 12 months for 50 patients (mean age 57 years; 26 to 85) having surgical fixation, with either percutaneous pinning or reconstruction with a volar plate, for a fracture of the distal radius...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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