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Antimicrobial effect plant extract

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525335/morphometric-abnormalities-in-the-spleen-of-the-progeny-of-mice-fed-epigallocatechin-during-gestation-and-nursing
#1
B J Bałan, E Skopińska-Różewska, P Skopiński, R Zdanowski, M Leśniak, A Kiepura, S Lewicki
It is very difficult to cure pregnant females suffering from infections, because of the risk which might occur during treatment by several, even herbal, medications. Many of these substances, among them extracts from plants, have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and immunostimulatory properties owing to their polyphenols content, but also may reveal unwanted effects on the fetal development because of their anti-angiogenic properties. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether daily feeding pregnant and nursing mice 0...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512597/documentation-of-ethnomedicinal-information-and-antimicrobial-validation-of-thespesia-populnea-used-by-yanadi-tribe-of-ganugapenta-village-chittoor-district-andhra-pradesh-india
#2
Nataru Savithramma, Pulicherla Yugandhar, Pallipati Suvarnalatha Devi, Sade Ankanna, Damai Suhrulatha, Koya Siva Prasad, Ramakrishanan Ranjani, Nagoji Nagaraju, Kummara Madhava Chetty
AIM: This study aimed to document the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants and antimicrobial validation of Thespesia populnea used by Yanadi tribe of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was mainly focused on documentation of medicinal plants used by Yanadi tribe to treat different diseases with a standard questionnaire. These plants were cross-checked in Dr. Dukes Database and available literature to know the significance of this tribe on medicinal knowledge...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512455/non-edible-oil-cakes-as-a-novel-substrate-for-dpa-production-and-augmenting-biocontrol-activity-of-paecilomyces-variotii
#3
Kalpana Arora, Satyawati Sharma, Suresh B N Krishna, Jamila K Adam, Ashwani Kumar
The present study investigated the use of waste non-edible oil cakes (Jatropha, Karanja, Neem, and Mahua) as a substrate for the growth of Paecilomyces variotii and dipicolinic acid (DPA) production. Previous researches proved the efficacy of DPA in suppressing certain pathogens that are deleterious to the plants in the rhizosphere. DPA production was statistical optimized by amending non-edible oil cakes in growing media as nitrogen and sugars (Dextrose, Glucose, and Lactose) as carbon source. Plackett-Burman design (PBD), indicated that Jatropha cake, Karanja cake, and Dextrose were the most significant components (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512279/antimicrobial-potential-of-plant-extracts-and-chemical-fractions-of-sideroxylon-obtusifolium-roem-schult-t-d-penn-on-oral-microorganisms
#4
Thaíse Pd Sampaio, Nathália Ao Cartaxo-Furtado, Ana Cd de Medeiros, Harley S Alves, Pedro L Rosalen, Jozinete V Pereira
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and chemical fractions of Sideroxylon obtusifolium T.D. Penn on Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus parasanguinis, and Candida albicans as well as to identify the chemical classes found in the bioactive extracts possessing better activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Freeze-dried hydroalcoholic extracts of the bark and leaves (LC and LF respectively) and ethanol extracts of bark and leaves (EC and EF respectively) of S...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506259/detection-of-antibacterial-activities-of-miswak-kalonji-and-aloe-vera-against-oral-pathogens-anti-proliferative-activity-against-cancer-cell-line
#5
Sameen Amjed, Kashaf Junaid, Junaid Jafar, Tuaha Amjad, Waqas Maqsood, Nadia Mukhtar, Kanza Tariq, Musarrat Sharif, Sana Javaid Awan, Farheen Ansari
BACKGROUND: Emerging drug resistance and hindrance of treatment is provoking scientists to search new, less expensive medicinally active compounds. Dental diseases caused by oral pathogens are very frequent chronic infections around the world. The medical potentials of a lot of Pakistani local herbs and herbal combinations is relatively unknown, hence attempted to explore. A study was designed to investigate potential role of local medicinal herbs for example Miswak, Kalonji & Aloe vera as antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-proliferative agents against oral pathogens and cancer cell line...
May 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505129/assessment-of-antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-activities-of-nepeta-trachonitica-analysis-of-its-phenolic-compounds-using-hplc-ms-ms
#6
Ekrem Köksal, Hatice Tohma, Ömer Kılıç, Yusuf Alan, Abdülmelik Aras, İlhami Gülçin, Ercan Bursal
Continuing our work on the sources of natural bioactive compounds, we evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Nepeta trachonitica as well as its major phenolic content using the high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) technique. For antioxidant activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) methods were performed to measure the reducing power and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay was employed to evaluate the radical scavenging activity of the sample...
May 15, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503378/pollen-extracts-and-constituent-sugars-increase-growth-of-a-trypanosomatid-parasite-of-bumble-bees
#7
Evan C Palmer-Young, Lucy Thursfield
Phytochemicals produced by plants, including at flowers, function in protection against plant diseases, and have a long history of use against trypanosomatid infection. Floral nectar and pollen, the sole food sources for many species of insect pollinators, contain phytochemicals that have been shown to reduce trypanosomatid infection in bumble and honey bees when fed as isolated compounds. Nectar and pollen, however, consist of phytochemical mixtures, which can have greater antimicrobial activity than do single compounds...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503048/antifertility-effect-of-bougainvillea-spectabilis-or-paper-flower
#8
REVIEW
Anisa Ghogar, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Bougainvillea spectabilis (Family: Nyctaginaceae), commonly referred to as Great Bougainvillea or Paper Flower, is one of the traditional medicinal plants with potential antifertility activity. The aqueous extract and decoction of this plant have been used as fertility control among the tribal people in many countries. Furthermore, it has been shown to possess anticancer, antidiabetic, antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Its phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, glycosides, oxalates, phenolics, phlobotannins, quinones, saponins, tannins, and terpenoids were reported as the basis of its efficacious therapeutic properties...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495603/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-clinacanthus-nutans-burm-f-lindau-a-comprehensive-review
#9
REVIEW
Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Habsah Abdul Kadir, Long Chiau Ming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau, a widely used medicinal plant, is extensively grown in tropical Asia and Southeast Asian countries. C. nutans, with its broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, has been traditionally used to treat cancer, inflammatory disorders, diabetes, insect bites, and skin problems, consumed as a vegetable, mixed with fresh juices, in concoctions, and as a whole plant. The present review analyzes the advances in the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of C...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486192/biological-activities-of-anastatica-hierochuntica-l-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Siti Rosmani Md Zin, Normadiah M Kassim, Mohammed A Alshawsh, Noor Eliza Hashim, Zahurin Mohamed
Anastatica hierochuntica L. (A. hierochuntica) is a desert plant consumed by people across the globe to treat various medical conditions. This review is aimed at providing a summary of the scientific findings on biological activities of A. hierochuntica and suggests areas in which further research is needed. This systematic review was synthesized from the literature obtained from the following databases; PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Ovid Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar and WorldCat. Previous studies have indicated that the methanolic and aqueous extracts of this plant have antioxidant, antifungal and antimicrobial activities...
May 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482836/assessment-of-herbal-drugs-for-promising-anti-candida-activity
#11
Sameh S M Soliman, Mohammad H Semreen, Ali A El-Keblawy, Arbab Abdullah, Priya Uppuluri, Ashraf S Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Microbial infections are diverse and cause serious human diseases. Candida albicans infections are serious healthcare-related infections that are complicated by its morphological switching from yeast to hyphae, resistant biofilm formation and mixed infections with bacteria. Due to the increase in drug resistance to currently used antimicrobial agents and the presence of undesirable side effects, the need for safe and effective novel therapies is important. Compounds derived from plants are known for their medicinal properties including antimicrobial activities...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480420/effects-of-different-hydroponic-substrate-combinations-and-watering-regimes-on-physiological-and-anti-fungal-properties-of-siphonochilus-aethiopicus
#12
Xego S, Kambizi L, Nchu F
BACKGROUND: Production of medicinal plants in controlled environments, particularly hydroponic technology, provides opportunities for high quality biomass accumulation and optimizes production of secondary metabolites. Applying special watering regimes in combination with efficient soil draining is an encouraging new tool for the production of pharmaceutical relevant plants. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effect of substrate combinations and watering regimes on nutrient uptake, anti-F...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480417/evaluation-of-anticancer-potential-of-eight-vegetal-species-from-the-state-of-oaxaca
#13
Karla Isabel Lira-De León, Mayra Herrera-Martínez, Marco Vinicio Ramirez-Mares, Beatriz Hernández-Carlos
BACKGROUND: Eight plant species from Oaxaca, some of them used in traditional medicine, were subjected to screening of several biological activities to provide data regarding their anticancer potential, although no scientific information is available about their pharmacological effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methanol extracts from stems or roots of the eight plants were tested for antioxidant activity by the DPPH- method. Antimicrobial activity was determined using the agar diffusion method and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was obtained by broth dilution method...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460992/chemical-constituents-and-health-effects-of-sweet-potato
#14
REVIEW
Sunan Wang, Shaoping Nie, Fan Zhu
Sweet potatoes are becoming a research focus in recent years due to their unique nutritional and functional properties. Bioactive carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, carotenoids, anthocyanins, conjugated phenolic acids, and minerals represent versatile nutrients in different parts (tubers, leaves, stems, and stalks) of sweet potato. The unique composition of sweet potato contributes to their various health benefits, such as antioxidative, hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory, antitumor, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antiobesity, antiaging effects...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454505/equisetum-giganteum-influences-the-ability-of-candida-albicans-in-forming-biofilms-over-the-denture-acrylic-resin-surface
#15
Rafaela Alves da Silva, Laura Pozato Bernardo, Jessica Monique Lopes Moreno, Vanessa Soares Lara, Vinicius Carvalho Porto
CONTEXT: Equisetum giganteum L. (Equisetaceae) is an endemic plant of Central and South America used in traditional medicine. Natural drugs have been frequently used in the treatment of a myriad of diseases, proving to be an alternative to synthetic chemicals, and have been intensively studied in the prevention of sicknesses, including oral diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the in vitro antiadherent activity of E. giganteum extract against Candida albicans biofilms...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452944/green-synthesis-of-ag-ag%C3%A2-o-nanoparticles-using-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-eupatorium-odoratum-and-its-antimicrobial-and-mosquito-larvicidal-activities
#16
Elias E Elemike, Damian C Onwudiwe, Anthony C Ekennia, Christopher U Sonde, Richard C Ehiri
The health challenges associated with pathogens and ectoparasites highlight the need for effective control approaches. Metal nanoparticles have been proposed as highly effective tools towards combatting different microbial organisms and parasites. The present work reports the antimicrobial and larvicidal potential of biosynthesized Ag/Ag₂O nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract of Eupatorium odoratum (EO). The constituents of the leaf extract act as both reducing and stabilizing agents. The UV-VIS spectra of the nanoparticles showed surface plasmon resonance...
April 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435048/morella-serrata-lam-killick-stabilizes-biomembrane-and-rejuvenates-sexual-competence-in-male-wistar-rats
#17
S Sabiu, Aot Ashafa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Morella serrata L. is an indigenous medicinal plant to South and southern Africa with folkloric applications as aphrodisiac, laxative, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-hypertensive, antitussive and antidiabetic agent. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study evaluated the membrane stabilization and aphrodisiac potentials of its aqueous root extract in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: While the membrane stabilization of the extract was investigated against bovine erythrocytes (BE), the male rats for the aphrodisiac study were randomized into five groups with animals in group 1 given sterile placebo and served as control...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423086/evaluation-of-cytogenotoxicity-antioxidant-and-hypoglycemiant-activities-of-isolate-compounds-from-mansoa-hirsuta-d-c-bignoniaceae
#18
Joquebede R Pereira, Raphael F Queiroz, Erlânia A DE Siqueira, Ana Christina Brasileiro-Vidal, Antônio E G Sant'ana, Daniel M Silva, Paulo R A DE Mello Affonso
Mansoa hirsuta (Bignoniaceae) is a native plant from caatinga in Brazilian semiarid. This plant has been locally used as antimicrobial and hypoglycemiant agents, but their action mechanisms and toxicity remain largely unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the composition and antioxidant, cytoprotective and hypoglycemiant effects of raw extract, fractions and compounds from leaves of M. hirsuta. The cytogenotoxic effects of ursolic and oleanolic acids, the main phytotherapic components of this plant, were assessed...
January 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422543/newer-insights-into-the-antidiarrheal-effects-of-acacia-catechu-willd-extract-in-guinea-pig
#19
Matteo Micucci, Roberto Gotti, Ivan Corazza, Gabriella Tocci, Alberto Chiarini, Marta De Giorgio, Luca Camarda, Maria Frosini, Carla Marzetti, Monica Cevenini, Roberta Budriesi
Acacia catechu Willd. is a plant diffused in India and other Asian countries, where it is used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of several ailments including diarrhea, one of the most common pathologies worldwide. In this study, we determined the chemical composition of Acacia catechu Willd. extract (AC) and evaluated its effect on spontaneous and induced contractility in isolated guinea pig ileum and proximal colon. Preliminary data about its antimicrobial effect against some pathogen agents versus some microbiota intestinal strain have been also reported...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397764/screening-purification-and-characterization-of-anionic-antimicrobial-proteins-from-foeniculum-vulgare
#20
Raid Al Akeel, Ayesha Mateen, Rabbani Syed, Abdullah A Alyousef, Mohammed Rafi Shaik
Foeniculum vulgare Mill., commonly called fennel, is a medicinal plant belonging to the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) family, and is used in traditional medicine. Antibacterial peptides were isolated using sodium phosphate citrate buffer and, for extraction, cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) buffer with pH 6, have been employed and antimicrobial activity tested against four reference strains. The extracted protein was subjected to 3 kDa dialysis and separation was carried out by DEAE-ion exchange chromatography and further proteins were identified by 2D gel electrophoresis...
April 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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