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Antimicrobial effect plant extract

M J N Rajaofera, P F Jin, Y M Fan, Q Q Sun, W K Huang, W B Wang, H Y Shen, S Zhang, C H Lin, W B Liu, F C Zheng, W G Miao
The prevalence of pathogen inhibitors bacteria has motivate the study for antimicrobial compounds. Bioactive fungicide have always received considerable attention. A bacterial isolated strain HAB-5 showed antifungal activity against plant fungi. Based on morphological, physiological, biochemical and 16SrDNA sequence analysis, the strain was identified to be a Bacillus atrophaeus. This strain possessed a broad spectrum antifungal activity against various plant pathogenic fungi. Extraction of antifungal substance was performed and the crude extract had potent antifungal ability and showed great potential for swelling and inhibiting spore germination...
May 2018: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Farag M Mosallam, Gharieb S El-Sayyad, Rasha M Fathy, Ahmed I El-Batal
Biosynthesis of nanoparticles by fermented plants using microbes is an eco-friendly and cost-effective process. In this study, we used the fungus Aspergillus orayzae for the fermentation process. The aqueous extract of fermented Lupin (AEFL) possesses the ability to reduce selenium ion in the presence of gamma rays evidenced by the color changes to red. Elemental composition, surface morphology, and identity of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were verified by UV-Vis., TEM, DLS, XRD, EDX, SEM and FT-IR. Antimicrobial activity of SeNPs was tested towards multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, and some pathogenic fungi...
June 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Maliheh Moradzadeh, Azar Hosseini, Hasan Rakhshandeh, Azita Aghaei, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia
Objective: Cuscuta campestris or common dodder is a holoparasitic plant that has been valorized for treatment of liver injury and cancer prevention in traditional medicine. Recently, extract of C. campestris had shown moderate antimicrobial properties and cytotoxic effects. In this study, we examined the level of cellular oxidants, cytotoxicity, apoptosis and differentiation induced by hydroalcoholic extract of C. campestris (CCE) (12.5-200 µg/ml), as well as arsenic trioxide (As2 O3 , 50 µM), in human leukemic (HL60 and NB4) and normal polymorph nuclear cells after 72 hr treatment...
May 2018: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Dongdong Wang, Cigdem Özen, Ibrahim M Abu-Reidah, Sridevi Chigurupati, Jayanta Kumar Patra, Jarosław O Horbanczuk, Artur Jóźwik, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Pavel Uhrin, Atanas G Atanasov
Pomegranate ( Punica granatum L.), one of the oldest known edible fruits, is nowadays broadly consumed throughout the world. Its fruits and seeds as well as other anatomical compartments (e.g., flowers and leaves) are rich in numerous bioactive compounds and therefore, the scientific interest in this plant has been constantly growing in recent years. It has been shown that pomegranate and its extracts exhibit potent antioxidative, antimicrobial, and anticarcinogenic properties. The present review summarizes some recent studies on pomegranate, highlighting mainly its vasculoprotective role attributed to the presence of hydrolyzable tannins ellagitannins and ellagic acid, as well as other compounds (e...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Nookala Supraja, T N V K V Prasad, Arumugam Dhanesh Gandhi, Devipriya Anbumani, P Kavitha, Ranganathan Babujanarthanam
Alstonia scholaris is one of the most important medicinal plants and herein, we present the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using the bark extract of Alstonia scholaris, and evaluation of their antimicrobial efficacy. Stable ZnO nanoparticles were formed by treating 90 mL of 1 mM zinc nitrate aqueous solution with 10 mL of 10% bark extract. The formation of Alstonia scholaris bark extract mediated zinc oxide nanoparticles was confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopic analysis and recorded the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) at 430 nm...
July 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Fawzi Mahomoodally, Simla Ramcharun, Gokhan Zengin
INTRODUCTION: Onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) extracts are traditionally used in many cultures as antimicrobial agents. Nonetheless, there is still a dearth of scientific validation pertaining to the antibacterial and possible antibiotic potentiating activity of these plants. METHODS: Decoction as traditionally used and methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, and acetone extracts of onion and garlic were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against 15 bacterial strains (6 ATCC strains and 9 clinical isolates) using the broth microdilution method to establish the minimum inhibitory concentration...
June 3, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Eduarda Fratoni, Amanda Ellen de Athayde, Marina da Silva Machado, Tailyn Zermiani, Ivonilce Venturi, Matheus Corrêa Dos Santos, Fabiane Lobato, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Gilberto Carlos Franchi, Alexandre Eduardo Nowill, José Roberto Santin, Angela Malheiros
Stem barks of Drimys brasiliensis (Winteraceae) are consumed by the population in the form of a condiment. It is widely used to treat gastric and stomach problems and also to treat cancer. The extracts have demonstrated antiproliferative, antileishmanial and antimicrobial activities assigned to drimane sesquiterpenes. This study aimed to optimize the extraction conditions of the drimanes sesquiterpenes identified as 1-β-(p-coumaroyloxy)-polygodial 1, drimanial 2 and 1-β-(p-methoxycinnamoyl)-polygodial 3 in stem bark extracts...
July 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Pfarelo Daphney Shandukani, Shonisani Cathphonia Tshidino, Peter Masoko, Kgabo Maureen Moganedi
BACKGROUND: Bidens pilosa and Dichrostachys cinerea extracts were investigated for the antibacterial properties against waterborne diarrhoeagenic bacteria. METHODS: The plant materials were extracted using the direct and serial exhaustive methods using solvents of varying polarities, namely, hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol. Qualitative phytochemical analysis and quantitative determination of total phenolic content of the leaf powders of the two plants were tested...
June 1, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Anderson Baptista, Reggiani Vilela Gonçalves, Josefina Bressan, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Pelúzio
The accentuated increase in the use of medicinal plants by the population to treat diseases makes it necessary to carry out pharmacological studies in order to contribute to the scientific knowledge and clarify the mechanisms involved in the main compounds present in these plants. Due to the difficulty of combating antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms, plants become a low-cost and effective alternative. The stem, fruit, and leaves of plants are used to measure antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity and to combat the oxidative degradation of free radicals produced in the presence of xenobiotics...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Afrah E Mohammed, Alaa Al-Qahtani, Amal Al-Mutairi, Bashayir Al-Shamri, Kawther F Aabed
The provision of nanoparticles using biogenic material as a part of green chemistry is an attractive nanotechnology. The current research aimed to test the antimicrobial and cytotoxic efficacy of silver nanoparticles synthesized by extracts of Phoenix dactylifera , Ferula asafetida , and Acacia nilotica as reductant and stabilizing agents in silver nanoparticle formation. Synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli (Gram-negative) using an agar well diffusion assay...
May 30, 2018: Nanomaterials
Sophia Tetteh, Richard J Bibb, Simon J Martin
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of plant based antimicrobial solutions specifically tea tree and Manuka oil on facial silicone elastomers. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of disinfection with plant extract solution on mechanical properties and morphology on the silicone elastomer. Test specimens were subjected to disinfection using tea tree oil, Manuka oil and the staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria. Furthermore, a procedure duration was used in the disinfection process to simulate up to one year of usage...
May 30, 2018: Materials
Jamila Nawab, Shafiq Ahmad Tariq, Naeem Khan, Sadia Nawab, Muhammad Raza Shah, Syed Ashad Haleemi, Haroon Khan
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial drugs resistance is an emerging problem and leads to failure of control of infectious diseases by adversely affecting patient care and reducing effective management of infectious diseases globally. Thus warranting search for new and more effective alternatives. Daphne retusa Hemsl (Daphne) has medicinal values and is reported to be widely used in curing variety of human ailments. OBJECTIVE: Current study assesses in-vitro antimicrobial activity of the crude extract of D...
May 28, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Noboru Nakasone, Yasunori Ogura, Naomi Higa, Claudia Toma, Yukiko Koizumi, Giichi Takaesu, Toshihiko Suzuki, Tetsu Yamashiro
We screened a total of 672 plant-tissue extracts to search for phytochemicals that inhibit the function of the type III secretion system (T3SS) of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). Among candidates examined, we found that an extract from the leaves of Psidium guajava (guava) inhibited the secretion of the EspB protein from EPEC and EHEC without affecting bacterial growth. The guava extract (GE) also inhibited EPEC and EHEC from adhering to and injecting EspB protein into HEp-2 cells...
May 23, 2018: Microbiology and Immunology
Mahvash Afshari, Mehdi Rahimmalek, Mehran Miroliaei
A comparative study was carried out on the methanolic extracts from six Achillea species and the examined polyphenols from these plants on the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) in vitro. A. pachycephala which was richer in flavonoids (15 mg quercetin/g W) and phenolics (111.10 mg tannic acid/g DW) with substantial antioxidant activity (IC50 = 365.5 μg/ml) presented strong anti-AGE properties. Chlorogenic acid, luteolin, quercetin and caffeic acid were identified as the major polyphenols in the extracts by HPLC...
May 19, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Christina Stonoha-Arther, Dong Wang
The symbiosis formed by nitrogen-fixing bacteria with plant hosts mainly in the legume family involves a very intimate interaction. Within the symbiotic organ (the nodule) the bacteria are fully internalized by the host cell to become an intracellular organelle surrounded by a host-derived membrane. This arrangement is probably necessary for the efficient provision of energy and the sequestration of free oxygen molecules, two conditions required for sustained nitrogen fixation. Recent advances made in model legume species, such as Medicago truncatula, are beginning to uncover the genetic components allowing rhizobia to access the host cytoplasm and establish chronic intracellular infections without overt detrimental effects...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Jose M Lorenzo, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Mohsen Gavahian, Krystian Marszałek, Ismail Eş, Paulo E S Munekata, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Francisco J Barba
Natural bioactive compounds isolated from aromatic plants have been studied for centuries due to their unique characteristics that carry great importance in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industry. For instance, several beneficial activities have been attributed to some specific compounds found in Thymus such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. Moreover, these compounds are classified as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Conventional extraction processes of these compounds and their derived forms from thyme leaves are well established, however, they present some important drawbacks such as long extraction time, low yield, high solvent consumption and unfavorable effect on thermolabile compounds...
May 17, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Mubashir Hussain, Naveed Iqbal Raja, Zia-Ur-Rehman Mashwani, Farah Naz, Muhammad Iqbal, Sumaira Aslam
The synthesis of nanoparticles by utilising plant extract has revolutionised the field of nanotechnology. In the present study, AgNPs were synthesised by utilising the leaves of Moringa oleifera as reducing and stabilising agent. UV-visible spectroscopy showed characteristic surface plasmon band in the range of 413-420 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) elucidated rectangular segments fused together. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the crystalline nature of AgNPs and presence of metallic silver ions was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX)...
June 2018: IET Nanobiotechnology
Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda, Katarzyna Watychowicz, Jagoda Łukasiak, Jolanta Wolska
The garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) belongs to the family Tropaeolaceae. Native to South America it was brought to Europe in XVI century. It is a plant with numerous healing properties. Medicinal plants such as the garden nasturtium contain trace elements and bioactive compounds which can be easily absorbed by the human body. The flowers and other parts of the garden nasturtium are a good source of micro elements such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, and macro elements, especially of zinc, copper and iron...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Mamta Besra, Vipin Kumar
The study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of medicinal plant extracts against the bacterial pathogens prominent in dental caries. A total of 20 plant species (herbs, shrubs and trees) belonging to 18 genera and 15 families were documented for dental caries. Antimicrobial activity of solvent extracts and essential oil from plants were determined by zone of inhibition on the growth of Streptococcus mutans (MTCC 497) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (MTCC 10307) using the agar well diffusion method. The results of in vitro antimicrobial assay prove that methanol is more successful in the extraction of phytochemicals from plant samples than aqueous solvent, as methanol extracts show higher antimicrobial activity than aqueous extracts against both the test pathogens...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Carola Analía Torres, Cristina Marisel Pérez Zamora, María Beatriz Nuñez, Ana María Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant capacity, to determine the anti-inflammatory effect due to lipoxygenase inhibition and to test the antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extracts from leaves of seven climbing species belonging to the Bignoniaceae family. These species are Adenocalymma marginatum (Cham.) DC., Amphilophium vauthieri DC., Cuspidaria convoluta (Vell.) A. H. Gentry, Dolichandra dentata (K. Schum.) L. G. Lohmann, Fridericia caudigera (S. Moore) L...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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