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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454475/does-childhood-neglect-contribute-to-violent-behavior-in-adulthood-a-review-of-possible-links
#1
REVIEW
Vikki J Bland, Ian Lambie, Charlotte Best
Child neglect, whether intentional or unintentional on the part of caregivers, has serious and far-reaching negative consequences for children. Neglect is the most prevalent form of child maltreatment and has been associated with impaired cognitive development, changes in brain structure and nervous systems, behavioral and personality disorders and poor academic performance. However, the role of child neglect, and subtypes of neglect, in the development of adult violent behavior is not well understood. The "cycle of violence" hypothesis, which predicts that individuals exposed to child physical abuse are more likely to be physically violent in adulthood, is well supported by the literature...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454258/the-role-of-dissociation-in-revictimization-across-the-lifespan-a-32-year-prospective-study
#2
Osnat Zamir, Ohad Szepsenwol, Michelle M Englund, Jeffry A Simpson
Exposure to childhood abuse puts women at risk for revictimization in adult intimate relationships, but knowledge about the mechanism by which it occurs is limited. The present study investigated whether dissociation mediates the effect of exposure to physical or sexual child abuse on intimate partner violence in adulthood. We tested this using prospective data collected from birth to age 32 from 80 female participants in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. We found that women who experienced sexual or physical abuse during the first 17...
February 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#3
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452966/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-of-childhood-trauma-and-the-course-of-illness-in-schizophrenia
#4
Krisztina Kocsis-Bogár, Veronika Mészáros, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
INTRODUCTION: Different types of childhood trauma have been repeatedly shown to contribute to psychotic symptoms. Gender differences in schizophrenia are well known. Some studies argue that trauma history means a significantly higher risk of psychosis for women than men. However, there is evidence of early adverse life events to be associated with higher stress-sensitivity in men. Little is known about the connection of specific type of trauma and specific psychotic symptoms as well as the course of illness with explicit regard to gender differences...
February 13, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452932/occult-abusive-injuries-in-children-brought-for-care-after-intimate-partner-violence-an-exploratory-study
#5
Gunjan Tiyyagura, Cindy Christian, Rachel Berger, Daniel Lindberg
Children in homes with intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk for physical abuse. We determined the frequency and injury patterns in children who underwent child abuse consultation after IPV exposure by retrospectively analyzing the "Examination of Siblings To Recognize Abuse" cohort of children referred for physical abuse. Children were selected who presented after IPV exposure. Among 2890 children evaluated by child abuse pediatricians, 61 (2.1%) patients presented after IPV exposure...
February 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449822/attachment-patterns-and-complex-trauma-in-a-sample-of-adults-diagnosed-with-gender-dysphoria
#6
Guido Giovanardi, Roberto Vitelli, Carola Maggiora Vergano, Alexandro Fortunato, Luca Chianura, Vittorio Lingiardi, Anna Maria Speranza
The current study investigated attachment representations and complex trauma in a sample of gender dysphoric adults. Although it has been proven that the psychological wellbeing of gender diverse persons is largely mediated by family acceptance and support, research on their relationships with parental figures is scarce. A total of 95 adults took part in the study. The attachment distribution was as follows: 27% secure, 27% insecure and 46% disorganized. Regarding early traumas, 56% experienced four or more traumatic forms...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448952/a-survey-of-workplace-violence-against-physicians-in-the-hospitals-myanmar
#7
Yuichi Kasai, Tetsutaro Mizuno, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Si Thu, Thein Aung Kyaw, Kyaw Aung Htun
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence in hospitals is recently becoming a major global concern in many countries. However, in Myanmar, we have felt that patients and their families have rarely made unreasonable complaints in hospitals, and then, the purpose of this study is to report the current state of workplace violence in hospitals in Myanmar. Participants are 196 physicians (108 males and 88 females) in hospitals in Myanmar. RESULTS: A descriptive survey was conducted in regard to verbal abuse and physical violence from patients or the people concerned...
February 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448906/violence-and-abuse-in-rural-older-women-s-lives-a-life-course-perspective
#8
Karen A Roberto, Brandy Renee McCann
Intimate partner violence in later life includes physical, psychological, sexual, and financial abuse. Although some researchers have investigated how women in long-term violent partnerships cope with abuse, little is known about the history, experiences, and needs of older women who leave abusive relationships. From a feminist, life course perspective, we interviewed 10 women who had left their abusive partners later in life. We used qualitative methods to analyze the data and found four major themes: (a) the women used the past to account for abuse in their relationships later in life, (b) recognizing abuse signaled to the women to fight back and exit the relationship, (c) financial abuse and exploitation affected women's mental and physical health, and (d) rebuilding was especially challenging as the women faced their future alone with financial, physical, or mental health problems...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444420/perineurial-barrier-glia-physically-respond-to-alcohol-in-an-akap200-dependent-manner-to-promote-tolerance
#9
Sarah J Parkhurst, Pratik Adhikari, Jovana S Navarrete, Arièle Legendre, Miguel Manansala, Fred W Wolf
Ethanol is the most common drug of abuse. It exerts its behavioral effects by acting on widespread neural circuits; however, its impact on glial cells is less understood. We show that Drosophila perineurial glia are critical for ethanol tolerance, a simple form of behavioral plasticity. The perineurial glia form the continuous outer cellular layer of the blood-brain barrier and are the interface between the brain and the circulation. Ethanol tolerance development requires the A kinase anchoring protein Akap200 specifically in perineurial glia...
February 13, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443854/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-what-about-the-men-an-east-multicenter-trial
#10
Tanya L Zakrison, Rishi Rattan, Davel Milian Valdés, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Jessica George, Dante Yeh, Daniel Pust, Brian H Williams
INTRODUCTION: A recent EAST-supported, multicenter trial demonstrated a similar rate of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) between male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism. Our objective was to perform a subgroup analysis of our affected male cohort as this remains an understudied group in the trauma literature. METHODS: We conducted a recent EAST-supported, cross-sectional, multicenter trial over one year (03/15-04/16) involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442457/dietary-patterns-and-breast-or-lung-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-2-case-control-studies-in-north-eastern-poland
#11
Beata Krusińska, Iwona Hawrysz, Małgorzata A Słowińska, Lidia Wądołowska, Maciej Biernacki, Anna Czerwińska, Janusz J Gołota
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men are the most prevalent cancers in Poland and worldwide. Evidence of the impact of food groups and nutrients on the risk of breast and lung cancer is limited and lacking conclusions. Studies on food consumption and breast or lung cancer are limited. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the association between dietary patterns and the prevalence of breast and lung cancers in adult Poles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved a pooled analysis of 2 case-control studies on 320 subjects aged 50-70 years from north-eastern Poland (160 women, 160 men)...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442235/medico-legal-aspects-of-deaths-related-to-neglect-and-abandonment-in-the-elderly
#12
Francesco Ventura, Fiorella Caputo, Andrea Molinelli
As life expectancy increases, the phenomenon of the neglect of elderly persons is becoming increasingly relevant in the fields of both medicine and social care. This work analyses the cases of two subjects whose deaths initially seemed to have been attributable to natural causes. The autopsy findings and the analysis of clinical data, however, were able to establish that neglect had played a determining role in their deaths. These cases highlight the need for healthcare workers to be more alert to the clinical signs of neglect...
February 14, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440938/domestic-violence-a-hidden-barrier-to-contraceptive-use-among-women-in-nigeria
#13
Ghose Bishwajit, Sanni Yaya
Background: The nonuse of family planning methods remains a major public health concern in the low-and-middle-income countries, especially due to its impact on unwanted pregnancy, high rate of abortion, and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. Various demographic and socioeconomic factors have been reported to be associated with the nonuse of family planning methods. In the present study, we aimed at assessing the influence of domestic violence (DV) on contraceptive use among ever married women in Nigeria...
2018: Open access journal of contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439616/physical-abuse-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-childhood-behavior-problems-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-in-mainland-china
#14
Naixue Cui, Jianghong Liu
The relationship between three types of child maltreatment, including physical abuse, emotional abuse and neglect, and childhood behavior problems in Mainland China, has not been systematically examined. This meta-analysis reviewed findings from 42 studies conducted in 98,749 children in Mainland China and analyzed the pooled effect sizes of the associations between child maltreatment and childhood behavior problems, heterogeneity in study findings, and publication bias. In addition, this study explored cross-study similarities/differences by comparing the pooled estimates with findings from five existing meta-analyses...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438874/gender-differences-in-pathways-from-child-physical-and-sexual-abuse-to-adolescent-risky-sexual-behavior-among-high-risk-youth
#15
Susan Yoon, Laura A Voith, Julia M Kobulsky
This study investigated gender differences in the roles of internalizing and externalizing symptoms and substance use as pathways linking child physical and sexual abuse to risky sexual behavior among youth at risk of maltreatment. Path analysis was performed with 862 adolescents drawn from Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect. Four waves of data collected in the United States were used: childhood physical and sexual abuse experiences (from ages 0-12) were assessed by Child Protective Services reports, internalizing and externalizing symptoms were measured at age 14, substance use was measured at age 16, and risky sexual behavior was measured at age 18...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437240/comparison-of-characteristics-of-female-drivers-with-single-and-multiple-dui-convictions
#16
Annah K Bender, Kathleen K Bucholz, Andrew C Heath, Vivia V McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: Women are increasingly involved in drunk driving and fatal crashes, yet except for the screening performed in criminal justice settings, little is known about their life context, psychiatric histories, and family backgrounds. This study describes a sample of women with histories of arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) who were interviewed outside a criminal justice setting and contrasts women with single versus multiple DUI convictions. METHODS: Women with recent documented histories of DUI participated in a study of women's health behaviors...
February 13, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432500/large-animals-as-potential-models-of-human-mental-and-behavioral-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Michał Danek, Janusz Danek, Aleksander Araszkiewicz
Many animal models in different species have been developed for mental and behavioral disorders. This review presents large animals (dog, ovine, swine, horse) as potential models of this disorders. The article was based on the researches that were published in the peer-reviewed journals. Aliterature research was carried out using the PubMed database. The above issues were discussed in the several problem groups in accordance with the WHO International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10thRevision (ICD-10), in particular regarding: organic, including symptomatic, disorders; mental disorders (Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease, pernicious anemia and hepatic encephalopathy, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease); behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (alcoholic intoxication, abuse of morphine); schizophrenia and other schizotypal disorders (puerperal psychosis); mood (affective) disorders (depressive episode); neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder); behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors (anxiety disorders, anorexia nervosa, narcolepsy); mental retardation (Cohen syndrome, Down syndrome, Hunter syndrome); behavioral and emotional disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431974/childhood-bullying-implications-for-physicians
#18
Mary M Stephens, Hazel T Cook-Fasano, Katherine Sibbaluca
Childhood bullying is common and can lead to serious adverse physical and mental health effects for both the victim and the bully. In teenagers, risk factors for becoming a victim of bullying include being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender; having a disability or medical condition such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, a skin condition, or food allergy; or being an outlier in weight and stature. An estimated 20% of youth have been bullied on school property, and 16% have been bullied electronically in the past year...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431405/hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state
#19
Gregg D Stoner
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is a life-threatening emergency manifested by marked elevation of blood glucose and hyperosmolarity with little or no ketosis. Although there are multiple precipitating causes, underlying infections are the most common. Other causes include certain medications, nonadherence to therapy, undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, substance abuse, and coexisting disease. In children and adolescents, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is often present when type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. Physical findings include profound dehydration and neurologic symptoms ranging from lethargy to coma...
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431404/hoarseness-in-adults
#20
Steven A House, Eric L Fisher
Hoarseness is a common presentation in primary care practices. Combined with other voice-related changes, it falls under the umbrella diagnosis of dysphonia. Hoarseness has a number of causes, ranging from simple inflammatory processes to less common psychiatric disorders to more serious systemic, neurologic, or cancerous conditions. Medication-induced hoarseness is common and should be considered. The initial evaluation begins with a targeted history and physical examination, while also looking for signs of potential systemic etiologies...
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
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