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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323860/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-childbirth-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review
#1
Foluso Ishola, Onikepe Owolabi, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Promoting respectful care at childbirth is important to improve quality of care and encourage women to utilize skilled delivery services. However, there has been a relative lack of public health research on this topic in Nigeria. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize current evidence on disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Nigeria in order to understand its nature and extent, contributing factors and consequences, and propose solutions. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant published studies, and five data sources for additional grey literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323542/organized-abuse-in-adulthood-survivor-and-professional-perspectives
#2
Michael Salter
This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a qualitative study of Australian women disclosing organized abuse in adulthood and the mental health professionals who treat them. Drawing on interviews with survivors and mental health professionals, the paper analyses the fraught relationship between mental health and physical safety for adults subject to organized abuse. The therapeutic progress of adult organized abuse victims can be disrupted by ongoing threats, stalking, and group violence, which in turn reinforces the dissociative responses and pathological attachments that render them vulnerable to revictimization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323475/universal-mandatory-reporting-policies-and-the-odds-of-identifying-child-physical-abuse
#3
Grace W K Ho, Deborah A Gross, Amie Bettencourt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between universal mandatory reporting (UMR), child physical abuse reporting, and the moderating effect of UMR on physical abuse report outcomes by report source. METHODS: We used a national data set of 204 414 children reported for physical abuse in 2013 to compare rates of total and confirmed reports by states or territories with and without UMR. We estimated odds and predicted probabilities of confirming a physical abuse report made by professional versus nonprofessional reporters, accounting for the moderating effect of UMR and individual-level characteristics...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318540/physical-and-mental-health-of-children-with-substantiated-sexual-abuse-gender-comparisons-from-a-matched-control-cohort-study
#4
Isabelle Daigneault, Pascale Vézina-Gagnon, Catherine Bourgeois, Tonino Esposito, Martine Hébert
When compared to children from the general population, sexually abused children receive more medical services, both for physical and mental health problems. However, possible differences between sexually abused boys and girls remain unknown. The lack of control group in studies that find gender differences also prevents from determining if the differences are specific to sexual abuse or to gender. The objective of the study was to assess differences in physical and mental health between sexually abused boys and girls in comparison to those from the general population...
March 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318449/through-the-lens-of-attachment-relationship-stable-did-active-did-and-other-trauma-based-mental-disorders
#5
Adah Sachs
Some people with DID, despite years of DID-specific therapy (using the three-phase approach, ISSTD, 2011), seem unable to get better. In particular, they seem unable to remain physically safe ("Phase One") and report continued exposure to abuse. As every fresh hurt causes fresh dissociation, their DID becomes further entrenched over time. Moreover, as dissociation makes the person more vulnerable to being re-abused, they become caught up in a vicious cycle, which further obstructs their efforts toward recovery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318309/the-moderating-effect-of-risk-exposure-on-an-efficacious-intervention-for-maltreated-children
#6
Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
The current study extends research on the impact of the Fostering Healthy Futures program (Taussig & Culhane, 2010), a 9-month mentoring and skills group preventive intervention for maltreated children, by examining whether the effect of Fostering Healthy Futures is moderated by children's baseline risk exposure (i.e., number of adverse childhood experiences). Participants included 156 racially and ethnically diverse children (ages 9-11, 50.7% female) recently placed in foster care due to maltreatment who were randomized to intervention or control conditions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317499/a-multi-country-study-of-harms-to-children-because-of-others-drinking
#7
Anne-Marie Laslett, Georgia Rankin, Orratai Waleewong, Sarah Callinan, Hanh T M Hoang, Ramon Florenzano, Siri Hettige, Isidore Obot, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Akanidomo Ibanga, Ann Hope, Jonas Landberg, Hanh T M Vu, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Dag Rekve, Robin Room
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to ascertain and compare the prevalence and correlates of alcohol-related harms to children cross-nationally. METHOD: National and regional sample surveys of randomly selected households included 7,848 carers (4,223 women) from eight countries (Australia, Chile, Ireland, Lao People's Democratic Republic [PDR], Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam). Country response rates ranged from 35% to 99%. Face-to-face or telephone surveys asking about harm from others' drinking to children ages 0-17 years were conducted, including four specific harms: that because of others' drinking in the past year children had been (a) physically hurt, (b) verbally abused, (c) exposed to domestic violence, or (d) left unsupervised...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299855/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-poor-oral-health-and-substance-abuse
#8
REVIEW
Hooman Baghaie, Steve Kisely, Malcolm Forbes, Emily Sawyer, Dan J Siskind
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Substance use disorders are associated commonly with comorbid physical illness. There are fewer data on dental disease in these conditions, in spite of high rates of dry mouth (xerostomia), as well as the associated indirect or life-style effects such as poverty and lack of access to care. We compared the oral health of people with substance use disorders (SUDs) with non-using controls. METHOD: This was a systematic search for studies from the last 35 years of the oral health of people reporting SUDs...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296372/-adolescent-pregnancy-its-causes-and-repercussions-in-the-dyad
#9
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295339/annual-research-review-childhood-maltreatment-latent-vulnerability-and-the-shift-to-preventative-psychiatry-the-contribution-of-functional-brain-imaging
#10
REVIEW
Eamon J McCrory, Mattia I Gerin, Essi Viding
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is a potent predictor of poor mental health across the life span. We argue that there is a need to improve the understanding of the mechanisms that confer psychiatric vulnerability following maltreatment, if we are to progress from simply treating those with a manifest disorder, to developing effective preventative approaches that can help offset the likelihood that such disorders will emerge in the first place. METHODS: We review extant functional neuroimaging studies of children and adolescents exposed to early neglect and/or maltreatment, including physical, sexual and emotional abuse across four neurocognitive domains: threat processing, reward processing, emotion regulation and executive control...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294945/intimate-partner-violence-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-a-population-based-sample-of-perinatal-women
#11
Jeanne Lorraine Alhusen, Ruth Geller, Caitlin Dreisbach, Leeza Constantoulakis, Anna Maria Siega-Riz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) at varied time points in the perinatal period on inadequate and excessive gestational weight gain. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using population-based secondary data. SETTING: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System and birth certificate data from New York City and 35 states. PARTICIPANTS: Data were obtained for 251,342 U.S. mothers who gave birth from 2004 through 2011 and completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System survey 2 to 9 months after birth...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292658/non-violent-and-violent-forms-of-childhood-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-direct-or-indirect-effects-through-psychiatric-disorders
#12
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Ian H Stanley, Julia L Sheffler, Edward Selby, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is linked to suicide. Potential pathways include the increased risk for the development of psychiatric disorders and the contribution of abuse to suicide capability. The current study compared the effects of childhood non-violent and violent abuse in the prediction of suicide attempts, and examined the potential mediated effects of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Data from the National Comorbidity Surveys were obtained. At baseline, assessments of childhood non-violent abuse (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292529/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#13
M Á Royo-Bordonada, P Armario, J M Lobos Bejarano, J Pedro-Botet, F Villar Alvarez, R Elosua, C Brotons Cuixart, O Cortés, B Serrano, M Camafort Babkowski, A Gil Núñez, A Pérez, A Maiques, A de Santiago Nocito, A Castro, E Alegría, C Baeza, M Herranz, S Sans, P Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
March 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292456/prevention-of-and-interventions-for-dating-and-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth Miller
Dating violence (also known as adolescent relationship abuse) and sexual violence are prevalent from the middle school years throughout adolescence, peak in young adulthood, and are associated with multiple poor physical and mental health consequences. By offering universal education and brief anticipatory guidance with all adolescent patients about healthy and unhealthy relationships and sexual consent, health care providers can help promote healthy adolescent sexual relationships, ensure youth know about available resources and supports for relationship abuse and sexual violence (including how to help a friend), and facilitate connections to victim service advocates, both for prevention and intervention...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291153/use-of-imaging-in-children-with-witnessed-physical-abuse
#15
John D Melville, Stephanie K Hertz, R Daryl Steiner, Daniel M Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: Physicians are occasionally asked to evaluate children who are reported to have been victims of witnessed abuse, but who have no injuries noted on examination. The rate of injury in these patients is presently unknown. This is important because abuse allegations are brought for both altruistic and other reasons. This study compares the use of skeletal survey and neuroimaging in well-appearing and clearly injured children reported to be victims of witnessed child abuse. METHODS: Retrospectively planned secondary analysis of the Examination of Siblings to Recognize Abuse cohort of children referred to a child abuse pediatrician with concerns for physical abuse...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290936/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-a-military-urogynecology-clinic
#16
Monica A Lutgendorf, Marie A Snipes, Amy L O'Boyle
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common, with prevalence in women of 15 to 71% over the lifespan, 4 to 54% currently. Violence is associated with poor health, and may be more common in military populations. A history of abuse is also common in patients with pain, urinary/bowel symptoms, and dyspareunia. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and predictors of abuse in a military urogynecology clinic. METHODS: Patients presenting to a military urogynecology clinic were screened for IPV with the 4-item Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) screen...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288554/the-associations-between-substance-use-sexual-behaviors-bullying-deviant-behaviors-health-and-cyber-dating-abuse-perpetration
#17
Joris Van Ouytsel, Elizabeth Torres, Hye Jeong Choi, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave, Jeff R Temple
Dating violence is an important public health concern and is considered to be a form of school violence. While digital technologies have enabled perpetrators of dating violence to target their victims online (cyber dating abuse), little is known about how this form of perpetration relates to specific adolescent risk behaviors. This brief research report focuses on the associations between substance use, sexual behaviors, deviant behaviors, self-reported health, and cyber dating abuse perpetration. Participants included 705 ethnically diverse adolescents ( n = 408; 57...
April 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287778/physical-family-violence-and-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-children-and-adolescents
#18
Lynette M Renner, Shamra Boel-Studt
Family violence has been associated with various negative outcomes among children and adolescents. Yet, less is known about how unique forms of physical family violence contribute to externalizing and internalizing behaviors based on a child's developmental stage. Using data from the Illinois Families Study and administrative Child Protective Services data, we explored the relation between 3 types of physical family violence victimization and externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a sample of 2,402 children and adolescents...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284895/disengaged-parenting-structural-equation-modeling-with-child-abuse-insecure-attachment-and-adult-symptomatology
#19
John Briere, Marsha Runtz, Erin Eadie, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
Based on attachment theory, we hypothesized that self-reported childhood experiences of disengaged parenting (DP) would predict adults' psychological symptoms even more than, on average, childhood sexual, physical, or psychological abuse. In a large (N=640) university sample, bootstrapped multiple regression analyses indicated that although various forms of child maltreatment were correlated with symptomatology at the univariate level, DP was the primary multivariate predictor. Structural equation modeling indicated significant direct paths from (a) DP to both nonsexual child maltreatment and sexual abuse, (b) DP and nonsexual child maltreatment to insecure attachment, and (c) sexual abuse and insecure attachment to symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282597/intimate-partner-violence-and-the-overlap-of-perpetration-and-victimization-considering-the-influence-of-physical-sexual-and-emotional-abuse-in-childhood
#20
Tara N Richards, Marie Skubak Tillyer, Emily M Wright
Using data from Wave 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examined the independent relationship of childhood maltreatment type (emotional, sexual, physical) on IPV victimization and perpetration; then mutually exclusive categories of IPV involvement (victimization, perpetration, and victimization/perpetration) were investigated. IPV victimization and perpetration were assessed using items from the revised Conflict Tactics Scales. A series of binary regression models and multinomial regression models were estimated...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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