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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677607/association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-among-chinese-senior-high-school-students-the-moderating-role-of-gender
#1
Yiling Lei, Chuhao Xi, Pengsheng Li, Min Luo, Wanxin Wang, Siyuan Pan, Xue Gao, Yan Xu, Guoliang Huang, Xueqing Deng, Lan Guo, Ciyong Lu
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) and childhood maltreatment are currently serious problems among adolescents worldwide, and childhood maltreatment may be associated with the increased rates of NMPOU. This study examined the specific associations between particular types of childhood maltreatment and lifetime NMPOU and assessed whether gender has a moderating effect on these associations. METHODS: A 3-stage, stratified cluster, randomized sampling method was used to collect data from 11,194 high school students in Chongqing...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677591/lifestyle-factors-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-incident-case-control-study
#2
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Ingrid van der Mei
OBJECTIVE: Although low sun exposure, low vitamin D, and smoking are established risk factor of multiple sclerosis (MS), there is less evidence on the role of the other lifestyle factors. We examined the association of sun exposure, physical activity, drug abuse, and alcohol intake with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data...
March 31, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677442/synthesis-and-pharmacological-evaluation-of-novel-c-8-substituted-tetrahydroquinolines-as-balanced-affinity-mu-delta-opioid-ligands-for-the-treatment-of-pain
#3
Anthony F Nastase, Nicholas W Griggs, Jessica P Anand, Thomas J Fernandez, Aubrie A Harland, Tyler J Trask, Emily M Jutkiewicz, John R Traynor, Henry I Mosberg
The use of opioids for the treatment of pain, while largely effective, is limited by detrimental side effects including analgesic tolerance, physical dependence, and euphoria, which may lead to opioid abuse. Studies have shown that compounds with a -opioid receptor (MOR) agonist/-opioid receptor (DOR) antagonist profile reduce or eliminate some of these side effects including development of tolerance and dependence. Herein we report the synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of a series of tetrahydroquinoline-based peptidomimetics with substitutions at the C-8 position...
April 20, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#4
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674401/licorice-induced-apparent-mineralocorticoid-excess-compounded-by-excessive-use-of-terbutaline-and-high-water-intake
#5
Laust Frisenberg Buhl, Frederik Nørregaard Pedersen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Dorte Glintborg
This case highlights the clinical course of a 54-year-old male patient presenting with hypertension and long-term refractory hypokalaemia. He reported long-term malaise, fatigue and physical discomfort. Diarrhoea, vomiting, over-the-counter drugs, dietary supplements and any kind of medical abuse were all denied. Physical examination was normal. Suppressed plasma renin activity along with a low aldosterone level and elevated urinary cortisone/cortisol metabolite excretion ratio raised the suspicion of apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME)...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673140/euthanasia-of-cattle-practical-considerations-and-application
#6
REVIEW
Jan Keith Shearer
Acceptable methods for the euthanasia of cattle include overdose of an anesthetic, gunshot and captive bolt. The use of anesthetics for euthanasia is costly and complicates carcass disposal. These issues can be avoided by use of a physical method such as gunshot or captive bolt; however, each requires that certain conditions be met to assure an immediate loss of consciousness and death. For example, the caliber of firearm and type of bullet are important considerations when gunshot is used. When captive bolt is used, a penetrating captive bolt loaded with the appropriate powder charge and accompanied by a follow up (adjunctive) step to assure death are required...
April 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671582/dark-side-of-amphetamine-and-analogues-pharmacology-syndromic-manifestation-and-management-of-amphetamine-addiction
#7
Abdul Mannan Baig
The threat imposed by the use of psychoactive, illicit drugs on human health and the cost of rehabilitation of the affected individuals is nothing less than billions of dollars per year. Of the psychoactive substance abuse drugs are amphetamine and its analogues like methamphetamine. This Viewpoint intends to draw the attention of readers toward the neurological basis of "falling a prey" to methamphetamine. Attention has been paid toward a rapid desensitizing attribute that develops shortly after the repetitive use of drugs belonging to sympathomimetic agents of this group...
April 19, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670340/the-design-and-evaluation-of-psychometric-properties-for-a-questionnaire-on-elderly-abuse-by-family-caregivers-among-older-adults-on-hemodialysis
#8
Amaneh Mahmoudian, Razieh Torabi Chafjiri, Atefeh Alipour, Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari
Introduction: Older adults with chronic disease are more vulnerable to abuse. Early and accurate detection of the elderly abuse phenomenon can help identify health-promoting solutions for the elderly, their family, and society. The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate the psychometric properties of a questionnaire on elderly abuse by family caregivers among older adults on hemodialysis. Methods: Qualitative and quantitative research methodologies were used to develop the questionnaire...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#9
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667036/understanding-men-s-self-reported-sexual-interest-in-children
#10
Sandy K Wurtele, Dominique A Simons, Leah J Parker
A few studies have found that even in the general population, a minority of adults-men as well as women-report some sexual interest in a young age group. The purpose of the present study was to identify factors associated with self-reported sexual interest in children among a community-based sample of men. Using an online survey methodology, we examined the extent to which different types of childhood adversities (witnessing parental violence, sexual, physical, and emotional abuse), atypical childhood sexual experiences, and participants' self-reported likelihood of engaging in a variety of sexual behaviors (heightened sexual interest) were related to sexual interest in children (SIC) reported by a non-forensic/non-clinical sample of 173 men...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665715/mental-health-correlates-of-financial-mistreatment-in-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study-wave-ii
#11
Ron Acierno, Jordan Watkins, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Wendy Muzzy, Gabrielle Frook, Mara Steedley, Georgia Anetzberger
OBJECTIVE: Whereas prevalence of elder financial mistreatment has received increased attention over the past decade, health and mental health correlates are rarely studied. Thus, the potential relevance of financial abuse to mental health and perceived health is relatively unknown, and the objective of this article is to illustrate this relationship. METHOD: The second wave of the National Elder Mistreatment Study used random digit dialing telephone survey methodology to assess both recent financial mistreatment and its potential mental health correlates (i...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665506/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-parenting-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Antonia E Chiesa, Leigh Kallechey, Nicole Harlaar, C Rashaan Ford, Edward F Garrido, William R Betts, Sabine Maguire
Early studies examining parenting in the setting of intimate partner violence (IPV) often focus on abuse by the IPV perpetrator or effects of long term exposure. This review addresses how intimate partner violence impacts victim parenting. Seven databases were searched for the time period 1970-2015. Included were comparative studies involving children 11 years or younger. Quality ranking was based on: confirmation of victim status, consideration of co-perpetration, heterogeneity of the population, and standardization of measurements...
April 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663846/childhood-trauma-and-dissociative-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Aliya R Webermann, Christopher M Murphy
The present study assesses childhood abuse/neglect as a predictor of dissociative intimate partner violence (IPV) among 118 partner-abusive men. One third (36%) endorsed dissociative IPV, most commonly losing control (18%), surroundings seeming unreal (16%), feeling someone other than oneself is aggressing (16%), and seeing oneself from a distance aggressing (10%). Childhood physical abuse/neglect predicted IPV-specific derealization/depersonalization, aggressive self-states, and flashbacks to past violence...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661940/disparities-for-lgbtq-and-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#14
Laura Baams
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of childhood adversity in a sample of adolescents and assess disparities in these experiences for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning adolescents and by level of gender nonconformity. METHOD: By using the cross-sectional, statewide, anonymous 2016 Minnesota Student Survey, 81 885 students were included in the current study (50.59% male; mean age = 15.51). Participants were enrolled in grades 9 and 11 in a total of 348 schools...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661027/social-determinants-of-health-and-preclinical-glycemic-control-in-newly-diagnosed-first-episode-psychosis-patients
#15
Franz Veru-Lesmes, Aldanie Rho, Suzanne King, Ridha Joober, Marita Pruessner, Ashok Malla, Srividya N Iyer
BACKGROUND: The abnormally high incidence of disorders of glucose metabolism (DGM) in psychotic-spectrum disorders (PSD) has often been attributed to the side effects of antipsychotics and unhealthy lifestyles. The influence of social determinants of health has been largely ignored, despite ample evidence linking social adversity with both PSD and DGM. The aim of this study is to examine the influence of well-established social determinants of health on preclinical levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in a sample of first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660262/reactive-periostitis-from-inhalant-abuse
#16
Lauren E Hock, Iiro Honkanen, Wendy Fiordellisi, Brittany Bettendorf
The patient, a 36-year-old woman, presented with a 6-week history of swollen hands and fingers and associated arthralgia. She had a history of polysubstance abuse. The arthralgia and swelling started one month after she began inhaling two cans of "Dust-Off" (1,1-difluoroethane) daily. Physical examination revealed tender proximal and middle phalanges of all fingers bilaterally with bulbous appearance (A). There was no clubbing. Radiography of the hands revealed diffuse reactive periostitis with discrete layering of periosteal bone formation without bony destruction (B)...
April 16, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659856/integration-of-physical-abuse-clinical-decision-support-into-the-electronic-health-record-at-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital
#17
Srinivasan Suresh, Richard A Saladino, Janet Fromkin, Emily Heineman, Tom McGinn, Rudolph Richichi, Rachel P Berger
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a previously validated electronic health record-based child abuse trigger system on physician compliance with clinical guidelines for evaluation of physical abuse. Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) with comparison to a preintervention group was performed. RCT-experimental subjects' providers received alerts with a direct link to a physical abuse-specific order set. RCT-control subjects' providers had no alerts, but could manually search for the order set...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658819/child-and-family-factors-associated-with-child-maltreatment-in-vietnam
#18
Nhu K Tran, Sheila R van Berkel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Lenneke R A Alink
This study aims to explore possible risk factors for child maltreatment in Vietnam by investigating the association of child and family factors with different types of child maltreatment (i.e., sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, witnessing parental conflict, and neglect) and the occurrence of multiple types of child maltreatment. Cross-sectional data of 1,851 secondary and high school students aged 12 to 17 years (47.3% boys) in four provinces of Northern Vietnam were obtained using self-report questionnaires...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657695/effectiveness-of-transactional-analysis-group-therapy-on-addiction-intensity-of-woman-patients-treated-with-methadone
#19
Niloofar Etemadi-Chardah, Bahman Matinpour, Rasoul Heshmati
Background: Addiction brings about severe and profound physical, psychological and social damages such as divorce, crime, and unemployment. The present study was to investigate the effectiveness of transactional analysis (TA) therapy on addiction intensity of woman patients treated with methadone. Methods: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all the addicted women who referred to any drug rehabilitation center of Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657562/mental-health-disorder-therapeutic-modalities-modified-for-the-gms
#20
REVIEW
Tipsuda Sumneangsanor, Sararud Vuthiarpa, Chomchueun Somprasert
Background: Mental health disorders can affect physical and psychological behaviors. The people of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a high risk of mental health disorders, such as depression, stress, and substance abuse be-cause the people in this region are trafficked for forced sex work and various forms of forced labor. In these situations, vic-tims often endure violence and abuse from trafficking recruiters, employers, and other individuals. The purposes of this study were to identify the elements characterizing mental health disorders, especially in terms of depression, stress, and sub-stance abuse, and to identify the treatment modalities for mental health disorders in the GMS...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
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