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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095788/are-interventions-to-increase-the-uptake-of-screening-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-effective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
A T Cheong, S M Liew, E M Khoo, N F Mohd Zaidi, K Chinna
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally. However, many individuals are unaware of their CVD risk factors. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the effectiveness of existing intervention strategies to increase uptake of CVD risk factors screening. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted through Pubmed, CINAHL, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Additional articles were located through cross-checking of the references list and bibliography citations of the included studies and previous review papers...
January 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072793/merit-based-incentive-payment-system-meaningful-changes-in-the-final-rule-brings-cautious-optimism
#2
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Aaron K Calodney, Joshua A Hirsch
The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) eliminated the flawed Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) act formula - a longstanding crucial issue of concern for health care providers and Medicare beneficiaries. MACRA also included a quality improvement program entitled, "The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System, or MIPS." The proposed rule of MIPS sought to streamline existing federal quality efforts and therefore linked 4 distinct programs into one. Three existing programs, meaningful use (MU), Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS), value-based payment (VBP) system were merged with the addition of Clinical Improvement Activity category...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070707/value-based-assessment-of-radiology-reporting-using-radiologist-referring-physician-two-way-feedback-system-a-design-thinking-based-approach
#3
Faiq Shaikh, Kenneth Hendrata, Brian Kolowitz, Omer Awan, Rasu Shrestha, Christopher Deible
In the era of value-based healthcare, many aspects of medical care are being measured and assessed to improve quality and reduce costs. Radiology adds enormously to health care costs and is under pressure to adopt a more efficient system that incorporates essential metrics to assess its value and impact on outcomes. Most current systems tie radiologists' incentives and evaluations to RVU-based productivity metrics and peer-review-based quality metrics. In a new potential model, a radiologist's performance will have to increasingly depend on a number of parameters that define "value," beginning with peer review metrics that include referrer satisfaction and feedback from radiologists to the referring physician that evaluates the potency and validity of clinical information provided for a given study...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062017/non-invasive-prenatal-testing-and-the-unveiling-of-an-impaired-translation-process
#4
Blake Murdoch, Vardit Ravitsky, Ubaka Ogbogu, Sarah Ali-Khan, Gabrielle Bertier, Stanislav Birko, Tania Bubela, Jeremy De Beer, Charles Dupras, Meika Ellis, Palmira Granados Moreno, Yann Joly, Kalina Kamenova, Zubin Master, Alessandro Marcon, Mike Paulden, François Rousseau, Timothy Caulfield
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is an exciting technology with the potential to provide a variety of clinical benefits, including a reduction in miscarriages, via a decline in invasive testing. However, there is also concern that the economic and near-future clinical benefits of NIPT have been overstated and the potential limitations and harms underplayed. NIPT, therefore, presents an opportunity to explore the ways in which a range of social pressures and policies can influence the translation, implementation, and use of a health care innovation...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059784/an-international-comparative-study-on%C3%A2-driving-regulations-on-people-with%C3%A2-dementia
#5
You Joung Kim, Hoyoung An, Binna Kim, Young Shin Park, Ki Woong Kim
Over 40% of people with dementia drive, with a two to five times greater accident risk than controls. This has fueled public concerns about the risk of traffic accidents by drivers with dementia (DWD). We compared driving regulations on seniors and DWD between ten European and Asia-Pacific countries to identify key implications for national strategies. Moderate to severe dementia was a reason for driver's license revocation in all countries. However, regulations on mild dementia varied considerably, with most basing their decisions on severity, rather than simply the presence of dementia...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057024/behavior-change-interventions-and-policies-influencing-primary-healthcare-professionals-practice-an-overview-of-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Maya Jeyaraman, Amrinder Singh Mann, Justin Lys, Becky Skidmore, Kathryn M Sibley, Ahmed Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanksi
BACKGROUND: There is a plethora of interventions and policies aimed at changing practice habits of primary healthcare professionals, but it is unclear which are the most appropriate, sustainable, and effective. We aimed to evaluate the evidence on behavior change interventions and policies directed at healthcare professionals working in primary healthcare centers. METHODS: Study design: overview of reviews. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), The Cochrane Library (Wiley), CINAHL (EbscoHost), and grey literature (January 2005 to July 2015)...
January 5, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017528/the-proposed-macra-mips-threshold-for-patient-facing-encounters-what-it-means-for-radiologists
#7
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Joshua A Hirsch, Bibb Allen, Wenyi Wang, Danny R Hughes, Gregory N Nicola
PURPOSE: In implementing the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), CMS will provide special considerations to physicians with infrequent face-to-face patient encounters by reweighting MIPS performance categories to account for the unique circumstances facing these providers. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of varying criteria on the fraction of radiologists who are likely to receive special considerations for performance assessment under MIPS. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Medicare Physician and Other Supplier file for 28,710 diagnostic radiologists were used to determine the fraction of radiologists meeting various proposed criteria for receiving special considerations...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017274/macra-mips-and-the-new-medicare-quality-payment-program-an-update-for%C3%A2-radiologists
#8
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Gregory N Nicola, Bibb Allen, Danny R Hughes, Joshua A Hirsch
The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) of 2015 advances the goal of tying Medicare payments to quality and value. In April 2016, CMS published an initial proposed rule for MACRA, renaming it the Quality Payment Program (QPP). Under QPP, clinicians receive payments through either advanced alternative payment models or the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), a consolidation of existing federal performance programs that applies positive or negative adjustments to fee-for-service payments...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008597/physician-participation-in-meaningful-use-and-quality-of-care-for-medicare-fee-for-service-enrollees
#9
Hye-Young Jung, Mark Aaron Unruh, Joshua R Vest, Lawrence P Casalino, Lisa M Kern, Zachary M Grinspan, Yuhua Bao, Rainu Kaushal
OBJECTIVES: The Meaningful Use initiative has made nearly $30 billion available through incentive programs to encourage provider adoption and use of electronic health records. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of outpatient physicians' participation in Meaningful Use on the quality of care provided to Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) enrollees. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One hundred percent inpatient and outpatient Medicare FFS claims covering the period January 2010 through December 2012...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003176/securing-the-continuity-of-medical-competence-in-times-of-demographic-change-a-proposal
#10
Joachim Paul Hasebrook, Jürgen Hinkelmann, Thomas Volkert, Sibyll Rodde, Klaus Hahnenkamp
BACKGROUND: University hospitals make up the backbone of medical and economic services of hospitals in Germany: they qualify specialist physicians, ensure medical research, and provide highly specialized maximum medical care, which other hospitals cannot undertake. In addition to this assignment, medical research and academic teaching must be managed despite a growing shortage of specialist physicians. By the year 2020, the need for the replacement of retired physicians and increased demand will total 30,000 positions...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998046/supervised-exercise-therapy-it-does-work-but-how-to-set-up-a-program
#11
David Hageman, Marijn M VAN DEN Houten, Steffie Spruijt, Lindy N Gommans, Marc R Scheltinga, Joep A Teijink
Intermittent claudication (IC) is a manifestation of peripheral arterial disease. IC has a high prevalence in the older population, is closely associated with other expressions of atherosclerotic disease and often co-exists in multimorbid patients. Treatment of IC should address reduction of cardiovascular risk and improvement of functional capacity and health-related quality of life (QoL). As recommended by contemporary international guidelines, the first-line treatment includes supervised exercise therapy (SET)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984404/determinants-of-knowledge-sharing-networks-in-primary-care
#12
Daniele Mascia, Francesca Pallotti, Roberto Dandi
BACKGROUND: Around the world, health reforms are increasingly fostering collaboration and integration among primary care physicians with the aim of facilitating knowledge sharing and evidence-informed decision-making. Although extant research on this topic is abundant, the evidence and results regarding social and organizational factors affecting the formation of knowledge-sharing networks in this setting are inconclusive. PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to explore multiple theoretical mechanisms explaining the formation of knowledge-sharing networks among primary care physicians across relevant clinical areas...
December 15, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968859/the-health-brain-drain-in-rural-areas-about-the-health-personnel-incentive-policy-intervention-in-shanghai-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Kun Liu, Limei Jing, Xuhong Zhou, Yao Huang, Li Wang, Xiaoming Sun
BACKGROUND: The so-called health brain-drain-which refers to the health workers leaving their present jobs to other institutions, especially in rural areas-severely restricts the development of primary healthcare. To solve the problem, Pudong New Area of Shanghai carried out a series of incentive policies such as salary bonus, promotion and housing from July, 2014. In our study we aimed to analyse the change in health brain-drain which resulted from this policy. METHODS: There are 45 community health centres in Pudong, which we classified into 4 categories by geographical division: remote rural, general rural, suburban, and urban...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968825/effectiveness-of-an-incentive-policy-intervention-for-rural-health-care-providers-a-longitudinal-survey-in-shanghai
#14
Limei Jing, Kun Liu, Xuhong Zhou, Li Wang, Jiquan Lou, Xiaoming Sun
BACKGROUND: Grassroots health-care institutions in China are facing a shortage of professionals, especially general practitioners. To encourage health-care providers to come to and stay at rural grassroots institutions, Pudong New Area of Shanghai undertook a series of incentive reforms for rural health-care providers in July, 2014. We evaluated the effectiveness of incentive reform. METHODS: The reform covered Pudong's 32 rural community health centres (CHCs): 12 remote rural CHCs, 11 general rural CHCs, and 9 suburban CHCs...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956124/is-physician-quality-reporting-system-worth-the-cost-to-report-to-center-for-medicare-and-medicaid-services
#15
Stephen T Duncan, Cale A Jacobs, Christian P Christensen, Ryan M Nunley, William B Macaulay
BACKGROUND: The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has proposed a move to payment based on patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and failure to report on PROs will result in a penalty of 2% in 2016. However, the cost to the physician to collect PROs is not known. METHODS: Using data from the 2013 Medical Group Management Association Compensation and Financial survey and Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services reimbursement, a calculation was performed to determine the cost to the physician to report on PROs for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951551/what-is-the-best-dialysis-therapy-in-developed-and-developing-countries-peritoneal-dialysis-and-or-hemodialysis-the-trend-in-korea
#16
Yong-Lim Kim
In Korea, peritoneal dialysis (PD) penetration peaked around 2005 at 23%, after which it declined and has remained at 10.5%. Two factors possibly explain the decrease: more favorable physician incentives to perform hemodialysis (HD) and disincentives for private clinics to perform PD, even though they account for a large percentage of dialysis centers in Korea. Early referral to nephrologists has been shown to be associated with better survival and lower medical costs than late referral, highlighting a possible role for systemic intervention to encourage early referrals...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936874/effects-of-physician-targeted-pay-for-performance-on-use-of-spontaneous-breathing-trials-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#17
Ian J Barbash, Francis Pike, Scott R Gunn, Christopher W Seymour, Jeremy M Kahn
Rationale Pay-for-performance is an increasingly common quality improvement strategy despite the absence of robust supporting evidence. Objectives To determine the impact of a financial incentive program rewarding physicians for the completion of daily spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) in three academic hospitals. Methods We compared data from mechanically ventilated patients from six months before to two years after introduction of a financial incentive program that provided annual payments to critical care physicians contingent on unit-level SBT completion rates...
December 12, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932264/physician-attitudes-toward-participating-in-a-financial-incentive-program-for-ldl-reduction-are-associated-with-patient-outcomes
#18
Tianyu Liu, David A Asch, Kevin G Volpp, Jingsan Zhu, Wenli Wang, Andrea B Troxel, Aderinola Adejare, Darra D Finnerty, Karen Hoffer, Judy A Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908559/influence-of-a-pay-for-performance-program-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-living-with-diabetes-by-family-physicians-in-a-canadian-province
#19
Emilie LeBlanc, Mathieu Bélanger, Véronique Thibault, Lise Babin, Beverly Greene, Stuart Halpine, Michelina Mancuso
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the influence of the introduction of a pay-for-performance program implemented in 2010 for family physicians on the glycemic control of patients with diabetes. METHODS: Administrative data for all 583 eligible family physicians and 83,580 adult patients with diabetes in New Brunswick over 10 years were used. We compared the probability of receiving at least 2 tests for glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels and achieving glycemic control before (2005-2009) and after (2010-2014) the implementation of the program and between patients divided based on whether a physician claimed the incentive or did not...
November 29, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906530/medicare-program-hospital-outpatient-prospective-payment-and-ambulatory-surgical-center-payment-systems-and-quality-reporting-programs-organ-procurement-organization-reporting-and-communication-transplant-outcome-measures-and-documentation-requirements-electronic
#20
(no author information available yet)
This final rule with comment period revises the Medicare hospital outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS) and the Medicare ambulatory surgical center (ASC) payment system for CY 2017 to implement applicable statutory requirements and changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems. In this final rule with comment period, we describe the changes to the amounts and factors used to determine the payment rates for Medicare services paid under the OPPS and those paid under the ASC payment system...
November 14, 2016: Federal Register
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