keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Criminal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742676/committee-opinion-no-711-opioid-use-and-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnancy
#1
(no author information available yet)
Opioid use in pregnancy has escalated dramatically in recent years, paralleling the epidemic observed in the general population. To combat the opioid epidemic, all health care providers need to take an active role. Pregnancy provides an important opportunity to identify and treat women with substance use disorders. Substance use disorders affect women across all racial and ethnic groups and all socioeconomic groups, and affect women in rural, urban, and suburban populations. Therefore, it is essential that screening be universal...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742670/committee-opinion-no-711-summary-opioid-use-and-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnancy
#2
(no author information available yet)
Opioid use in pregnancy has escalated dramatically in recent years, paralleling the epidemic observed in the general population. To combat the opioid epidemic, all health care providers need to take an active role. Pregnancy provides an important opportunity to identify and treat women with substance use disorders. Substance use disorders affect women across all racial and ethnic groups and all socioeconomic groups, and affect women in rural, urban, and suburban populations. Therefore, it is essential that screening be universal...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742410/content-analysis-of-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-drinking-among-individuals-with-the-lived-experience-of-homelessness-and-alcohol-use-disorders
#3
Susan E Collins, Emily Taylor, Connor Jones, Laura Haelsig, Véronique S Grazioli, Jessica L Mackelprang, Jessica Holttum, Molly Koker, Alyssa Hatsukami, Madeline Baker, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are more prevalent among people who are homeless than in the general population. Thus, homeless individuals experience disproportionately high levels of alcohol-related problems and associated publicly funded criminal justice and healthcare system utilization. Available treatment services, however, are not effective at engaging and treating this population. To better tailor treatment services to their needs, it is imperative we understand this population's perceptions of their alcohol use...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742196/sociological-histories-on-epilepsy-as-causes-for-disqualification-stipulated-in-the-japanese-road-traffic-act-of-1960-and-revised-road-traffic-act-of-2001
#4
G Imataka, S Yoshihara
In the wake of successive cases of fatal accidents caused by patients behind the wheel whose driving was likely to be hindered due to paroxysmal diseases, including epilepsy, there has been an outcry from victims demanding stricter criminal penalties against the perpetrators due to negligence. As a result of this action, a revised Road Traffic Act was put into effect in Japan on June 14, 2013. This act established new penal provisions against any person who provides false statements on his/her medical condition(s) when acquiring or renewing a driver's license...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741282/reproductive-health-concerns-among-substance-using-women-in-community-corrections-in-new-york-city-understanding-the-role-of-environmental-influences
#5
Anindita Dasgupta, Alissa Davis, Louisa Gilbert, Dawn Goddard-Eckrich, Nabila El-Bassel
Women living in urban settings who are engaged in the criminal justice system are disproportionately affected by HIV and also contend with poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH). While studies have examined environmental influences of HIV, few have examined how these influences relate to poor SRH among this population. We used baseline data from an HIV-risk reduction study among substance-using women with a pregnancy history in community corrections in New York City (N = 299). We examined risk environment factors typically associated with HIV, and SRH outcomes of abortion, and miscarriage...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739778/a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-and-protective-factors-for-canadian-youth-injured-or-killed-by-interpersonal-violence
#6
Carolyn E Snider, Marni Brownell, Brenden Dufault, Nicole Barrett, Heather Prior, Carla Cochrane
PURPOSE: The study's purpose was to determine individual-level and neighbourhood-level risk and protective factors for severe intentional injury among youth. METHODS: We conducted a multilevel case-control study using registry data to determine individual-level and neighbourhood-level social determinants associated with severe violent injury/homicide among youth from Winnipeg, Manitoba. RESULTS: The study includes 13 206 youth, aged 12-24 years (1222 cases, 11 984 controls)...
July 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738913/cumulative-exposure-to-childhood-adversity-and-treated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-cohort-study-of-543-650-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#7
E Björkenstam, C Björkenstam, B Jablonska, K Kosidou
BACKGROUND: Though childhood adversity (CA) has been associated with the risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the effect of cumulative CAs and whether there are clusters of CAs that are more closely related with ADHD. METHODS: We used a Swedish cohort of 543 650 individuals born 1987-1991. Register-based CAs included familial death, substantial parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation, household public assistance recipiency, and residential instability...
July 25, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738663/statistical-approach-for-atr-ftir-screening-of-semen-in-sexual-evidence
#8
Inês Gregório, Félix Zapata, Mercedes Torre, Carmen García-Ruiz
Genetic identification has revolutionized the Forensic Sciences, especially in sexual aggression cases. For the successful extraction of the genetic information of a criminal, a crucial step is the prior detection of bodily fluids on evidence. In this article, a method for non-destructive screening of semen samples is reported. Using chemometric tools, bodily fluids can be detected and differentiated without damaging the sample, by correlating the infrared spectra of sexual evidence with previously recorded spectra from undamaged stains of individual bodily fluids...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737982/knocking-on-prison-s-door-a-10-fold-rise-in-the-number-of-psychotic-prisoners-in-finland-during-the-years-2005-2016
#9
Alo Jüriloo, Lauri Pesonen, Hannu Lauerma
BACKGROUND: As in many European countries, Finnish psychiatric services experienced a rapid process of deinstitutionalization in the 1990s. In recent decades, the decrease in numbers of psychiatric hospital beds has in several countries been found to be linked with increasing criminality among severely mentally ill individuals. It has been concluded that deinstitutionalization could be the main reason for this development. AIM: To investigate whether the prevalence of severely mentally ill persons to prison is a growing trend also in Finland...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737057/commercial-transactions-in-children-the-case-of-ghana
#10
Mensah Adinkrah
The current article represents an examination of commercial transactions involving the sale of children in contemporary Ghana. It presents the results of a criminological analysis of 20 cases of commercial transactions in children in Ghana. It describes the sociodemographic characteristics of offenders and victims, victim-offender relationships, offender motivations, public reactions to the phenomenon, as well as the criminal justice system's responses to the crime. The data were extracted from Ghanaian print and electronic presses...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736760/self-harm-and-violent-criminality-among-young-people-who-experienced-trauma-related-hospital-admission-during-childhood-a-danish-national-cohort-study
#11
Roger T Webb, Sussie Antonsen, Matthew J Carr, Louis Appleby, Carsten B Pedersen, Pearl L H Mok
BACKGROUND: Development of a better understanding of subsequent pathways for individuals who experienced trauma during childhood might usefully inform clinicians and public health professionals regarding the causes of self-harm and interpersonal violence. We aimed to examine these risks during late adolescence and early adulthood among people admitted to hospital following injuries or poisonings during their childhood. METHODS: This national cohort study included Danish people born between Jan 1, 1977, and Dec 31, 1997, and was linked to the National Patient Register and Psychiatric Central Research Register to identify all people exposed to hospital admissions for injuries or poisonings due to self-harm, interpersonal violence, or accidents before their 15th birthday...
July 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736458/a-latent-class-analysis-of-family-characteristics-linked-to-youth-offending-outcomes
#12
Grace S Chng, Chi Meng Chu, Gerald Zeng, Dongdong Li, Ming Hwa Ting
OBJECTIVES: There were two aims to this study: firstly, to identify family subtypes of Singaporean youth offenders based on eight family variables. Secondly, the associations of these family subtypes with youth offending outcomes were tested. METHODS: With a sample of 3,744 youth, a latent class analysis was first conducted based on eight family variables. Multivariate analyses and a Cox regression were subsequently performed to analyze the associations of the family classes with age at first arrest, age at first charge, and recidivism...
November 2016: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#13
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734745/why-are-some-people-who-have-received-overdose-education-and-naloxone-reticent-to-call-emergency-medical-services-in-the-event-of-overdose
#14
Stephen Koester, Shane R Mueller, Lisa Raville, Sig Langegger, Ingrid A Binswanger
BACKGROUND: Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) training for persons who inject drugs (PWID) underlines the importance of summoning emergency medical services (EMS). To encourage PWID to do so, Colorado enacted a Good Samaritan law providing limited immunity from prosecution for possession of a controlled substance and/or drug paraphernalia to the overdose victim and the witnesses who in good faith provide emergency assistance. This paper examines the law's influence by describing OEND trained PWIDs' experience reversing overdoses and their decision about calling for EMS support...
July 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734198/length-of-stay-for-25-791-california-patients-found-incompetent-to-stand-trial
#15
Matthew Renner, Carol Newark, Bradley J Bartos, Richard McCleary, Nicholas Scurich
Referrals and admissions to state psychiatric hospitals of criminal defendants found Incompetent to Stand Trial (IST) are on the rise in the state of California and other parts of the country. Studies of treatment outcomes of this population have primarily focused on factors that determine competency and/or restorability. However, as IST patients place an increasing resource burden on state psychiatric hospital systems, other outcomes such as length of stay (LOS) are becoming increasingly important for practitioners and policy makers to understand...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733771/a-national-study-of-veterans-treatment-court-participants-who-benefits-and-who-recidivates
#16
Jack Tsai, Andrea Finlay, Bessie Flatley, Wesley J Kasprow, Sean Clark
Although there are now over 400 veterans treatment courts (VTCs) in the country, there have been few studies on participant outcomes in functional domains. Using national data on 7931 veterans in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Veterans Justice Outreach program across 115 VA sites who entered a VTC from 2011 to 2015, we examined the housing, employment, income, and criminal justice outcomes of VTC participants; and identified veteran characteristics predictive of outcomes. VTC participants spent an average of nearly a year in the program and 14% experienced a new incarceration...
July 21, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733295/the-impact-of-healthcare-professionals-personality-and-religious-beliefs-on-the-decisions-to-forego-life-sustaining-treatments-an-observational-multicentre-cross-sectional-study-in-greek-intensive-care-units
#17
Asimenia Ntantana, Dimitrios Matamis, Savvoula Savvidou, Kyriaki Marmanidou, Maria Giannakou, Μary Gouva, George Nakos, Vasilios Koulouras
OBJECTIVES: To assess the opinion of intensive care unit (ICU) personnel and the impact of their personality and religious beliefs on decisions to forego life-sustaining treatments (DFLSTs). SETTING: Cross-sectional, observational, national study in 18 multidisciplinary Greek ICUs, with >6 beds, between June and December 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 149 doctors and 320 nurses who voluntarily and anonymously answered the End-of-Life (EoL) attitudes, Personality (EPQ) and Religion (SpREUK) questionnaires...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731869/individual-and-population-level-impacts-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-maternal-characteristics-on-subsequent-offending-behavior
#18
Handan Wand, Melanie Simpson, Eva Malacova, Peter W Schofield, David B Preen, Robyn Tate, Tony Butler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual- and population-level impact of a combination of factors, including traumatic brain injury (TBI) and certain maternal characteristics, on subsequent criminal conviction. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective record linkage study involving a cohort of 30 599 individuals born between 1980 and 1985, with ratio of 1 (with TBI): 3 (no TBI), matched by sex and the year of birth. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Cox proportional hazard regression models and population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) were used to assess the contribution of TBI and other risk factors on subsequent criminal convictions...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#19
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731386/impact-of-childhood-adversity-and-out-of-home-placement-for-male-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior
#20
Kelcey L Hall, Jill D Stinson, Michele R Moser
Child maltreatment and household dysfunction have long been linked to delinquency, adult criminality, and sexual offending. However, the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), factors related to out-of-home placement, and the onset of maladaptive behaviors has not thoroughly been explored in adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. In the present study, we examined archival records of 120 male youths who have received treatment for sexually abusive behavior. As expected, the male adolescents in this sample have experienced higher rates of ACEs than samples of adult males in the community, adult males who committed sexual offenses, and juvenile justice-involved males as reported in the literature...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
keyword
keyword
52841
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"