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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921582/retribution-as-hierarchy-regulation-hierarchy-preferences-moderate-the-effect-of-offender-socioeconomic-status-on-support-for-retribution
#1
Liz Redford, Kate A Ratliff
People punish others for various reasons, including deterring future crime, incapacitating the offender, and retribution, or payback. The current research focuses on retribution, testing whether support for retribution is motivated by the desire to maintain social hierarchies. If so, then the retributive tendencies of hierarchy enhancers or hierarchy attenuators should depend on whether offenders are relatively lower or higher in status, respectively. Three studies showed that hierarchy attenuators were more retributive against high-status offenders than for low-status offenders, that hierarchy enhancers showed a stronger orientation towards retributive justice, and that relationship was stronger for low-status, rather than high-status, criminal offenders...
September 17, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921014/-legal-medicine-specialists-within-the-framework-of-acute-care-analysis-of-legal-medicine-consultations-in-relation-to-the-victims-statistics-of-the-state-office-of-criminal-investigation-in-saxony-anhalt
#2
G Pliske, S Heide, B Lucas, K Brandstädter, F Walcher, S Kropf, R Lessig, S Piatek
BACKGROUND: In acute medical care, there are patients who have been injured by the influence of others. The aim of this study was to analyze all cases which were presented to the Institute for Legal Medicine of the University Halle (Saale). The cases where analyzed in relation to the victims' statistics of the state office of criminal investigation in Saxony-Anhalt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The consultations of the Institute for Legal Medicine Halle-Wittenberg for 2012-2015 were evaluated with regard to the age and gender distribution, the reasons for the consultation and time until the request for consultations...
September 18, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920902/a-visual-analytics-framework-for-identifying-topic-drivers-in-media-events
#3
Yafeng Lu, Hong Wang, Steven Landis, Ross Maciejewski
Media data has been the subject of large scale analysis with applications of text mining being used to provide overviews of media themes and information flows. Such information extracted from media articles has also shown its contextual value of being integrated with other data, such as criminal records and stock market pricing. In this work, we explore linking textual media data with curated secondary textual data sources through user-guided semantic lexical matching for identifying relationships and data links...
September 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#4
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918714/is-there-a-dark-side-to-mindfulness-relation-of-mindfulness-to-criminogenic-cognitions
#5
June P Tangney, Ashley E Dobbins, Jeffrey B Stuewig, Shannon W Schrader
In recent years, mindfulness-based interventions have been modified for use with inmate populations, but how this might relate to specific criminogenic cognitions has not been examined empirically. Theoretically, characteristics of mindfulness should be incompatible with distorted patterns of criminal thinking, but is this in fact the case? Among both 259 male jail inmates and 516 undergraduates, mindfulness was inversely related to the Criminogenic Cognitions Scale (CCS) through a latent variable of emotion regulation...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918240/contingency-management-treatment-in-cocaine-using-methadone-maintained-patients-with-and-without-legal-problems
#6
Meredith K Ginley, Carla J Rash, Todd A Olmstead, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND: Legal difficulties and cocaine use are prevalent in methadone maintenance patients, and they are related to one another, as well as to poor response to methadone treatment. Contingency management (CM) is efficacious for decreasing cocaine use, but the relation of CM treatment to criminal activities has rarely been studied. METHODS: This study evaluated whether baseline legal problems are related to subsequent substance use and illegal activities for cocaine using methadone maintained patients and whether CM differentially improves outcomes depending on baseline legal problems...
September 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915092/sexual-orientation-in-state-hate-crime-laws-exploring-social-construction-and-criminal-law
#7
Jace L Valcore
Several studies have described and analyzed the development and diffusion of hate crime laws in the United States, but none specifically examined state-level differences in protected categories. Forty-five of the 50 states have a hate crime statute, but only 30 of those include sexual orientation. In this study the Social Construction Framework is applied to the hate crime policy domain for the in order to determine whether or not variations in the social and political status of gays and lesbians are associated with the inclusion of sexual orientation in state hate crime laws...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914125/mobilizing-cross-sector-community-partnerships-to-address-the-needs-of-criminal-justice-involved-older-adults-a-framework-for-action
#8
Lia Metzger, Cyrus Ahalt, Margot Kushel, Alissa Riker, Brie Williams
Purpose The rapidly increasing number of older adults cycling through local criminal justice systems (jails, probation, and parole) suggests a need for greater collaboration among a diverse group of local stakeholders including professionals from healthcare delivery, public health, and criminal justice and directly affected individuals, their families, and advocates. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework that local communities can use to understand and begin to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914124/case-management-helps-prevent-criminal-justice-recidivism-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#9
Heather Leutwyler, Erin Hubbard, Elaine Zahnd
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss how case management can decrease recidivism for people with serious mental illness (SMI) because people with SMI are at high risk for incarceration and recidivism. Design/methodology/approach Examples of successful case management models for formerly incarcerated individuals with SMI found through a secondary analysis of qualitative data and an analysis of the literature are presented. Findings Currently, no international, national, or statewide guidelines exist to ensure that formerly incarcerated individuals with SMI receive case management upon community reentry despite evidence that such services can prevent further criminal justice involvement...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914123/advancing-evidence-based-interventions-at-the-intersection-of-criminal-justice-and-health
#10
Cyrus Ahalt, Brie Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914121/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-reproductive-healthcare-for-incarcerated-women
#11
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913894/veteran-treatment-courts-a-promising-solution
#12
Ashok Paparao Yerramsetti, Daniel David Simons, Loretta Coonan, Andrea Stolar
The high prevalence of substance use, traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other mental illness in the veteran population presents unique public health and social justice challenges. Veteran involvement in the justice system has been identified as a national concern. Criminal justice involvement compounds pre-existing socioeconomic stressors and further strains support systems. The point of contact with the criminal justice system, however, presents an opportunity to establish mental health treatment...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913841/diversion-at-re-entry-using-criminogenic-cbt-review-and-prototypical-program-development
#13
Kirk Heilbrun, Victoria Pietruszka, Alice Thornewill, Sarah Phillips, Rebecca Schiedel
Society and the criminal justice system prioritize the reduction of reoffending risk as part of any criminal justice intervention. The Sequential Intercept Model identifies five points of interception at which justice-involved individuals can be diverted into a more rehabilitative alternative: (1) law enforcement/emergency services; (2) booking/initial court hearings; (3) jails/courts; (4) re-entry; and (5) community corrections/community support. The present article focuses on diversion as part of Intercept 5 - re-entry planning and specialized services in the community...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913835/retributive-justifications-for-jail-diversion-of-individuals-with-mental-disorder
#14
E Lea Johnston
Jail diversion programs have proliferated across the United States as a means to decrease the incarceration of individuals with mental illnesses. These programs include pre-adjudication initiatives, such as crisis intervention teams, as well as post-adjudication programs, such as mental health courts and specialized probationary services. Post-adjudication programs often operate at the point of sentencing, so their comportment with criminal justice norms is crucial. This article investigates whether and under what circumstances post-adjudication diversion for offenders with serious mental illnesses may cohere with principles of retributive justice...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913771/criminal-prohibition-of-wrongful-re%C3%A2-identification-legal-solution-or-minefield-for-big-data
#15
Mark Phillips, Edward S Dove, Bartha M Knoppers
The collapse of confidence in anonymization (sometimes also known as de-identification) as a robust approach for preserving the privacy of personal data has incited an outpouring of new approaches that aim to fill the resulting trifecta of technical, organizational, and regulatory privacy gaps left in its wake. In the latter category, and in large part due to the growth of Big Data-driven biomedical research, falls a growing chorus of calls for criminal and penal offences to sanction wrongful re-identification of "anonymized" data...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912635/profile-of-justice-involved-marijuana-and-other-substance-users-demographics-health-and-health-care-family-and-justice-system-experiences
#16
REVIEW
Nikki Freeman, Justin Landwehr, Tasseli McKay, James Derzon, Anupa Bir
Substance users are more likely to have co-occurring health problems, and this pattern is intensified among those involved with the criminal justice system. Interview data for 1977 incarcerated men in 5 states from the Multi-site Family Study on Incarceration, Parenting, and Partnering that was conducted between December 2008 and August 2011 were analyzed to compare pre-incarceration substance use patterns and health outcomes between men who primarily used marijuana, primarily used alcohol, primarily used other drugs, and did not use any illicit substances during that time...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905734/swift-and-certain-proportionate-and-consistent-key-values-of-urine-drug-test-consequences-for-probationers
#17
Amy B Cadwallader
Traditionally, urine drug testing (UDT) in the correctional population (both prison and community corrections) has been infrequent, is scheduled, and has a high possibility of delayed results. Of practical relevance is that scheduled testing is ineffective for identifying drug misuse. Of ethical relevance is that consequences of positive scheduled tests can be unpredictable-in the form of overly severe punishment or a lack of treatment options-and that the scheduled testing paradigm is a poor way to change behaviors...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905733/why-it-s-inappropriate-not-to-treat-incarcerated-patients-with-opioid-agonist-therapy
#18
Sarah E Wakeman
Due to the criminalization of drug use and addiction, opioid use disorder is overrepresented in incarcerated populations. Decades of evidence supports opioid agonist therapy as a highly effective treatment that improves clinical outcomes and reduces illicit opioid use, overdose death, and cost. Opioid agonist therapy has been both studied within correctional facilities and initiated prerelease. It has been found to be beneficial, yet few incarcerated persons receive this evidence-based treatment. In addition to not offering treatment initiation for those who need it, most correctional facilities forcibly withdraw stable patients from opioid agonist therapy upon their entry into the criminal justice system...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905732/medicine-and-mass-incarceration-education-and-advocacy-in-the-new-york-city-jail-system
#19
Jonathan Giftos, Andreas Mitchell, Ross MacDonald
The United States incarcerates more people than any other country in the world. The scale of mass incarceration ensures that almost all practicing physicians will treat formerly incarcerated patients. Yet the majority of physicians receive little training on this topic. In this paper, we will outline the need for expanded education on the interface between incarceration and health, describe initiatives taking place within the New York City jail system and nationally, and describe future directions for curriculum development...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905731/what-does-health-justice-look-like-for-people-returning-from-incarceration
#20
Lisa Puglisi, Joseph P Calderon, Emily A Wang
Access to health care is a constitutional right in the United States correctional system, and many incarcerated adults are newly diagnosed with chronic diseases in prison. Despite this right, the quality of correctional health care is variable, largely unmeasured and unregulated, and characterized by patients' widespread distrust of a health system that is intimately tied to a punitive criminal justice system. Upon release, discontinuity of care is the norm, and when continuity is established, it is often hindered by distrust, discrimination, poor communication, and racism in the health system...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
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