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Child trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042786/interpersonal-sensitivity-mediates-the-effects-of-child-abuse-and-affective-temperaments-on-depressive-symptoms-in-the-general-adult-population
#1
Ayano Otsuka, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Mitsuhiko Sato, Jiro Masuya, Masahiko Ichiki, Ichiro Kusumi, Takeshi Inoue
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that multiple factors interact with the onset and prognosis of major depressive disorders. In this study, we investigated how child abuse, affective temperaments, and interpersonal sensitivity are interrelated, and how they affect depressive symptoms in the general adult population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 415 volunteers from the general adult population completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire version, the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale, and the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure, which are all self-administered questionnaires...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039808/a-diagnosis-of-denial-how-mental-health-classification-systems-have-struggled-to-recognise-family-violence-as-a-serious-risk-factor-in-the-development-of-mental-health-issues-for-infants-children-adolescents-and-adults
#2
Wendy Bunston, Candice Franich-Ray, Sara Tatlow
Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) routinely overlook assessing for, and providing treatment to, infants and children living with family violence, despite family violence being declared endemic across the globe. As contemporary neuro-developmental research recognises the harm of being exposed to early relational trauma, key international diagnostic texts such as the DSM-5 and ICD-10 struggle to acknowledge or appreciate the relational complexities inherent in addressing family violence and its impacts during childhood...
October 17, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037175/a-ten-year-study-of-midwife-led-care-at-an-austrian-tertiary-care-center-a-retrospective-analysis-with-special-consideration-of-perineal-trauma
#3
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Julia Griebaum, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other countries, Austria rarely offers alternative models to medical led-care. In an attempt to improve the facilities, a midwife-led care service was incorporated within the Department of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine. The aim of the present study was to analyze the maternal and neonatal outcomes of this approach. METHODS: Over a 10-years period, a total of 2123 low-risk women receiving midwife-led care were studied. Among these women, 148 required obstetric referral...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#4
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035141/usual-care-for-maltreatment-related-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-germany
#5
Annika Münzer, Rita Rosner, Helene Gertrud Ganser, Alexander Naumann, Paul Lukas Plener, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
Child maltreatment represents a major risk factor for the development of emotional and behavioral problems, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While effective trauma-focused treatments are available, little is known about the usual mental healthcare for abused youths in Germany. The present study compared the utilization of mental healthcare in abused youths who had developed a PTSD (N = 95) with a group presenting other mental disorders (N = 146). Semistructured interviews were used to assess maltreatment histories, current mental health, and healthcare utilization...
October 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033635/evaluation-of-5-httlpr-gene-polymorphism-and-resilience-components-on-the-development-of-psychopathology-in-adolescent-sexual-abuse-cases
#6
Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, İlter Güney, Pınar Gültepe
INTRODUCTION: More than one-fourth adolescents are exposed to unexpected frightening experiences and traumas until adulthood. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphism regarding resilience factors in the symptom variability of individuals exposed to sexual abuse. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years, who were admitted to the Marmara University Child Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic Forensic division with sexual abuse experience history, were informed about the research, and volunteers were included in the study...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032236/renal-trauma-in-pediatrics-a-current-review
#7
REVIEW
Maria Fernandez-Ibieta
Children are at increased risk of renal injuries from blunt trauma. Four phase CT with intravenous contrast (non contrast, arterial, nephrographic, and pyelographic phases) is the choice for initial imaging, although ultrasonography might be used in the children with minimal symptoms. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma developed the known system for renal injury grading, which was modified in 2011. The management of pediatric renal injuries has largely shifted towards conservative means. But as long as the child remains hemodynamically unstable, renal exploration might be necessary...
October 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030502/injury-talk-spontaneous-parent-child-conversations-in-the-aftermath-of-a-potentially-traumatic-event
#8
Eva Alisic, Shaminka Gunaratnam, Anna Barrett, Rowena Conroy, Helen Jowett, Silvia Bressan, Franz E Babl, Roderick McClure, Vicki Anderson, Matthias R Mehl
BACKGROUND: While talking about traumatic experiences is considered central to psychological recovery, little is known about how these conversations occur in daily life. OBJECTIVE: We investigated spontaneous injury talk among parents and children in the aftermath of a child's hospitalisation due to physical trauma, and its relationship with children's socioemotional functioning. METHODS: In a prospective naturalistic observation study, we audio-sampled the daily life of 71 families with the Electronically Activated Recorder after their child (3-16 years old) was discharged from hospital...
October 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027060/the-mental-health-of-adolescents-residing-in-court-ordered-foster-care-findings-from-a-population-survey
#9
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
The mental health of a representative sample of 230 adolescents residing in foster care in New South Wales, Australia, was estimated in a state-wide epidemiological survey from carer-report responses on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Assessment Checklist for Adolescents (ACA). Rates of CBCL total problems, externalizing and internalizing scores above the borderline range cut-points were 49, 44 and 29% respectively, representing a relative risk of 3.8, 3.7 and 2.7 respectively in comparison to Australian children at large...
October 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019885/two-incision-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-a-severe-hemophilia-a-child-patient-with-coagulation-factor-vii-deficiency-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Jin Peng He, Jie Xiong Feng
RATIONALE: The main complication of patients with severe hemophilia is recurrent bleeding events that usually affected musculoskeletal contractures. And replacement therapy methods were continuously improved to minimize adverse impacts brought by those complications. However, only several cases reported about the appendectomy for hemophilia A. We report a case of acute appendicitis treated by two-incision laparoscopy in a boy with hemophilia A and coagulation factor VII deficiency for the first time...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019747/masses-of-the-nose-nasal-cavity-and-nasopharynx-in-children
#11
Diana P Rodriguez, Emily S Orscheln, Bernadette L Koch
A wide range of masses develop in the nose, nasal cavity, and nasopharynx in children. These lesions may arise from the nasal ala or other structures of the nose, including the mucosa covering any surface of the nasal cavity, the cartilaginous or osseous portion of the nasal septum, the nasal turbinates, and the nasal bones. Lesions may also arise from the nasopharynx or adjacent structures and involve the nose by way of direct extension. The causes of nasal masses in children include congenital and developmental disorders such as congenital nasolacrimal duct mucocele, dermoid cyst, cephalocele, and nasal neuroglial heterotopia; inflammatory and infectious processes such as mucocele, polyp, and pyogenic granuloma; benign neoplasms such as infantile hemangioma and juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma; malignant lesions such as rhabdomyosarcoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma; and masses related to prior trauma such as septal hematoma...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994326/when-things-get-complicated-at-risk-attachment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#12
Lux Ratnamohan, Kasia Kozlowska
Pain is a signal of danger, and danger activates the attachment system. When a parent responds to a child's pain with appropriate protection and comfort, more often than not, the pain resolves. But what happens in families when a child's pain becomes chronic and continues to signal a danger that has long passed? This study explored patterns of attachment in 48 children and adolescents with chronic functional pain and 48 healthy controls using structured attachment interviews. Patterns of attachment were identified using the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992383/evaluation-of-a-trauma-focused-group-intervention-for-unaccompanied-young-refugees-a-pilot-study
#13
Elisa Pfeiffer, Lutz Goldbeck
Recent research has shown that unaccompanied young refugees (UYR) encounter a wide range of traumatic events during preflight, flight, and resettlement. Although many UYR are resourceful, many develop posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, only a small number of vulnerable UYR have access to trauma-focused interventions. Trauma-focused group interventions, adapted to the needs of UYR, may be one way of improving their mental health. A total of 29 male UYR between 14 and 18 years of age, mainly from Afghanistan, participated in the evaluation study of a trauma-focused group intervention entitled Mein Weg (My Way)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991148/recollections-of-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-in-childhood-as-risk-factors-for-depressive-disorders-and-the-need-for-psychotherapy-in-adult-life
#14
Eva Neumann
Theoretical and empirical works have pointed out that depression comes along with adverse interpersonal experiences in childhood and adult life. The purpose of this study was to explore whether past and current experiences differ in their relevance for depression. A clinical group of 80 psychotherapy patients diagnosed with a depressive disorder was contrasted with a control group of 111 nondepressed patients from somatic facilities. Child abuse, neglect, and adult attachment dimensions were measured with self-report scales...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990877/parents-descriptions-of-young-children-s-dissociative-reactions-after-trauma
#15
Gabriela Cintron, Alison Salloum, Zoe Blair-Andrews, Eric A Storch
There is limited research on the phenomenology of how young children who have been exposed to trauma express the intrusive symptom of dissociative reactions. The current qualitative study utilized interviews from a semi-structured diagnostic clinical interview with 74 caregivers of young children (age 3 to 7) who were exposed to trauma to identify parents' descriptions of their children's dissociative reactions during a clinical interview. Based on results from the interview, 45.9% of the children had dissociative reactions (8...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983193/maternal-lifetime-trauma-exposure-prenatal-cortisol-and-infant-negative-affectivity
#16
Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Katrina L Devick, Kelly J Brunst, Lianna R Lipton, Brent A Coull, Rosalind J Wright
Little research has examined the impact of maternal lifetime trauma exposure on infant temperament. We examined associations between maternal trauma history and infant negative affectivity and modification by prenatal cortisol exposure in a sociodemographically diverse sample of mother-infant dyads. During pregnancy, mothers completed measures of lifetime trauma exposure and current stressors. Third-trimester cortisol output was assessed from maternal hair. When infants were 6 months old, mothers completed the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised...
July 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980203/correction-to-common-pediatric-medical-emergencies-in-office-practice
#17
Bharat Mehra, Suresh Gupta
The published online version contains an inadvertent error. On page 8, under the heading "Approach to a Child with Trauma" there is a box with "Primary Survey & Resuscitation".
October 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978611/a-rare-case-of-an-acute-lunate-dislocation-in-a-child
#18
Shehzaad Aziz Khan, Menanta Van Velze, Andrew Pearse
Acute lunate dislocations are unusual and devastating injuries to the wrist. They are very rare in adult wrist injuries but extremely rare in children. Only six cases of perilunate dislocations in children have been reported in the literature, and in addition to this, only a single case of a lunate dislocation in a child has been reported.Here, we report a case of a 10-year-old boy who presented with an acute lunate dislocation of the wrist, following trauma, a second of its kind.
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977339/glucocorticoid-induced-bone-disease-mechanisms-and-importance-in-pediatric-practice
#19
Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, Verônica Maria Pinho Pessoa Melo
OBJECTIVE: To describe mechanisms by which glucocorticoids cause osteoporosis, with fracture risk, combining this learning with a possible professional behavior change. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search on SciELO, PubMed, Scopus, and Medline databases was carried out for consensus, review articles, including systematic reviews and meta-analysis, which were published in English, between 2000 and 2016. Keywords used on the search were the following: glucocorticoids, fractures, osteoporosis, bone health, vitamin D, children, and adolescents...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977136/the-fast-clinical-evolution-of-a-spitz-nevus-three-year-follow-up-of-a-child
#20
Maria Cristina Pedrazini, Victor Angelo Martins Montalli, Elemir Macedo de Souza
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical evolution and handling of a Spitz nevus, from its initial flat feature to becoming an irregular, nodular, reddish lesion. CASE DESCRIPTION: Female child, phototype II, with a small congenital nevus on the left lower limb and other sustained small nevi. The patient went through annual clinical and dermoscopic evaluations between the ages of three and seven, period during which the nevi located on the left thigh grew rapidly. The clinical hypothesis was Spitz nevus, with indication of surgical removal with a safety margin and anatomopathological study...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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