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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927990/ptsd-correlates-with-somatization-in-sexually-abused-children-type-of-abuse-moderates-the-effect-of-ptsd-on-somatization
#1
Seung Min Bae, Jae Myeong Kang, Hyoung Yoon Chang, Woori Han, So Hee Lee
PURPOSE: Somatization is a major post-traumatic symptom in sexually abused children. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and somatization, and between intelligence and somatization in child sexual abuse victims and to elucidate whether type of abuse had an effect on the relationship between PTSD symptoms and somatization. METHODS: This study evaluated the somatizations (Child Behavioral Checklist/6-18 [CBCL]), PTSD symptoms (Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children [TSCC]), and intelligence levels of 63 sexually abused children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924694/exploring-gender-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-effects-of-child-sexual-abuse
#2
Sandra Gray, Susan Rarick
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a number of adverse effects including hypersexuality (HYP), substance use (SUB), suicidality (SUI), and depression (DEP). Despite a plethora of research on CSA, little is known about how it affects adolescents and the cultural factors that influence their coping styles. This study was founded on social-cultural coping theory and the model of traumagenic dynamics of sexual abuse, suggesting that CSA consequences lead to maladaptive coping mechanisms influenced by sociocultural factors...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916338/emergency-organization-of-child-psychiatric-care-following-the-terrorist-attack-on-july-14-2016-in-nice-france
#3
Lucie Chauvelin, Morgane Gindt, Bertrand Olliac, Philippe Robert, Susanne Thümmler, Florence Askenazy
In the actual context of terrorism targeting children and families, it seems essential to describe different experiences of pediatric psychological emergency devices after such unexpected mass trauma. Here we testify our experience of the psychological emergency care setup dedicated to children and families during the first 48 hours after the terrorist attack of Nice, France, on July 14, 2016. Activated within the hour following the attack, the device included two child psychiatry teams turning over each day, receiving at least 163 individuals (99 children and 64 adults) within the first 2 days...
June 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915768/presentation-of-an-unusual-metallic-foreign-body-in-a-child
#4
Ravikiran Vernekar, Maninder Singh Setia
Ingestion of foreign object is a common problem with children. These foreign bodies (FBs) can be in the respiratory tract of the aerodigestive tract. A 14-month-old male child presented to the emergency department of our hospital at 6.30 pm with irritability and continuous crying. On radiology, we found that the metallic body in the shape of a cycle was lodged in the upper esophagus. We decided to remove the FB endoscopically using an esophagoscope. We used meticulous and gentle manipulation around the edge of the metallic FB and did over a sufficient amount of time so as to dislodge the body from the impacted esophageal mucosa without causing any trauma or bleeding from the adjacent site...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913645/a-pediatric-patients-pain-evaluation-in-the-emergency-unit
#5
Anette Lemström
AimsHelsinki University Hospital for Children and Adolescents treats 0-to 16-year old pediatric and surgical patients. The patients arrive to the emergency unit by ambulance, referral or by decision of the triage nurse. The most common reason for visit is pain. VAS pain scale should be used, but pain is not evaluated properly. The aim of this study was to review literature on evaluation and treatment of pain in pediatric emergency unit. MethodsA search from Cinahl and Finnish Medic-database covering last 10 years was performed using: pain, child, trauma, documentation, evaluation, emergency and assessment as keywords...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913434/factors-influencing-child-protection-professionals-decision-making-and-multidisciplinary-collaboration-in-suspected-abusive-head-trauma-cases-a-qualitative-study
#6
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
Clinicians face unique challenges when assessing suspected child abuse cases. The majority of the literature exploring diagnostic decision-making in this field is anecdotal or survey-based and there is a lack of studies exploring decision-making around suspected abusive head trauma (AHT). We aimed to determine factors influencing decision-making and multidisciplinary collaboration in suspected AHT cases, amongst 56 child protection professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
June 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908436/adverse-experiences-in-infancy-and-toddlerhood-relations-to-adaptive-behavior-and-academic-status-in-middle-childhood
#7
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola Conners Edge, Glenn R Mesman, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Robert H Bradley
Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study articulated the negative effects of childhood trauma on long-term well-being. The purpose of the current study is to examine the associations between ACEs experienced in infancy and toddlerhood and adaptive behavior and academic status in middle childhood. We used data collected from a sample of low-income families during the impacts study of Early Head Start (EHS). Data were collected by trained interviewers demonstrating at least 85% reliability with protocols...
June 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906381/points-pearls-management-of-multiply-injured-pediatric-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Andria Tatem, Rupa Kapoor, Bryan Wilson
Management of the child with multiple traumatic injuries can be challenging, and important injuries may not be readily recognized. Early recognition of serious injuries, initiation of appropriate diagnostic studies, and rapid stabilization of injuries are key to decreasing morbidity and mortality in the multiply injured pediatric trauma patient. The differential diagnosis for these patients is wide, and treatment is targeted to the specific injuries. In this issue, a systematic approach to the multiply injured pediatric patient will be reviewed, with specific attention to commonly missed injuries and those injuries that may cause significant morbidity or mortality...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903429/simulation-based-research-to-improve-infant-health-outcomes-using-the-infant-simulator-to-prevent-infant-shaking
#9
Kirsten Bechtel
Simulation is a technique that creates a situation or environment to allow persons to experience a representation of a real event for the purpose of practice, learning, evaluation, testing, or to gain understanding of systems or human actions. We will first provide an introduction to simulation in healthcare and describe the two types of simulation-based research (SBR) in the pediatric population. We will then provide an overview of the use of SBR to improve health outcomes for infants in health care settings and to improve parent-child interactions using the infant simulator...
June 11, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899777/basal-ganglia-infarct-following-trivial-trauma-in-a-child-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Satyashiva Munjal, Amit Srivastava, Kavita Kapoor, Veer Singh Mehta
A 2-year-old boy was presented to us with right-side hemiparesis after trivial fall. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed an infarct in left basal ganglia and thalamic region. Secondary causes of stroke were ruled out. The child was managed conservatively. Basal ganglia infarct secondary to minor trauma is a rare event. Possible mechanisms leading to such an event and its management are discussed.
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897311/resilience-in-non-offending-mothers-of-children-who-have-reported-experiencing-sexual-abuse
#11
Cher J McGillivray, Aileen M Pidgeon, Carol Ronken, Catherine A Credland-Ballantyne
Growing evidence shows that non-offending mothers experience significant loss and trauma following their child reporting experiencing sexual abuse. Maternal support offered to sexually abused children following disclosure can be a crucial factor in children's recovery. Although mothers are often seen as playing a central role in facilitating the recovery of their sexually abused child, there has been little focus on their own needs and profiles. This present study aimed to increase our understanding of the diversity of profiles of non-offending mothers of sexually abused children by exploring the differences in psychosocial traits of non-offending mothers (N = 68; age range 28-67 years) reporting higher and lower resilience...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895550/traumatic-corneal-perforation-with-exteriorisation-of-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-tube
#12
Suresh Kumar, Parul Ichhpujani, Sahil Thakur, Rohan Bir Singh
We report a rare case of traumatic corneal perforation with Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) tube. A 5-year-old female child, diagnosed with refractory glaucoma, had undergone AGV implantation, presented with the posterior migration of AGV tube after trauma to the eye. The detailed ocular history, ophthalmic findings, clinical course and surgical management are discussed.
June 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893634/interventions-that-foster-healing-among-sexually-exploited-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#13
Melissa Moynihan, Claire Pitcher, Elizabeth Saewyc
Sexual exploitation of children and adolescents is a pressing, yet largely under-recognized form of child abuse. The goals of this review were to identify interventions that have been implemented with sexually exploited children and adolescents and to better understand their effectiveness for fostering healing with this population. Our systematic search generated 4,358 publications of which 21 met our inclusion criteria. Based on their objectives and delivery, we organized the interventions into five categories: (a) focused health and/or social services, (b) intensive case management models, (c) psychoeducational therapy groups, (d) residential programs, and (e) other...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892702/depressed-female-smokers-have-higher-levels-of-soluble-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-1
#14
Mauro Porcu, Regina Célia Bueno Rezende Machado, Mariana Urbano, Waldiceu A Verri, Ana Carolina Rossaneis, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Aim: To examine clinical and biomarkers in depressed female smokers, in order to better clarify the process that link mood disorders, childhood trauma and smoking in women. Methods: The clinical sample comprised women with unipolar or bipolar depression, divided into subgroups of smokers and never-smoker. The control groups comprised two subgroups non-depressed women, separated into smokers and never-smokers. A structured questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographic and clinical data...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886865/children-in-the-london-inpatient-care-in-a-voluntary-general-hospital
#15
Madeleine Mant
The presence of children in English voluntary hospitals during the eighteenth century has only recently come under academic scrutiny. This research examines the surviving admission records of the London Hospital, which consistently record inpatient ages, to illuminate the hospital stays of infant and child patients and examine the morbidity of children during the long eighteenth century. Traumatic cases were the most common category of admission. The proportion of trauma cases admitted to the London Hospital was higher than in provincial English child patient cohorts, potentially reflecting the differential risks faced by rural and urban children...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885914/successful-treatment-of-massive-hemothorax-with-class-iv-shock-using-aortography-with-transcatheter-embolization-of-actively-bleeding-posterior-left-intercostal-arteries-after-penetrating-left-chest-trauma-a-case-for-the-hybrid-or
#16
Carolyn Moore, Golda Kwayisi, Prince Esiobu, Keren A Bashan-Gilzenrat, Leslie R Matthews, Jonathan Nguyen, Nathaniel Moriarty, Michael Liggon, Kahdi Udobi, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Omar Danner
Hemothorax is a common occurrence after blunt or penetrating injury to the chest. Posterior intercostal vessel hemorrhage as a cause of major intrathoracic bleeding is an infrequent source of massive bleeding. Selective angiography with trans-catheter embolization may provide a minimally invasive and efficient method of controlling bleeding refractory to surgical treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year-old male sustained a gunshot wound to his left chest with massive hemothorax and refractory hemorrhage...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884152/the-impact-of-child-maltreatment-on-non-suicidal-self-injury-data-from-a-representative-sample-of-the-general-population
#17
Rebecca C Brown, Stefanie Heines, Andreas Witt, Elmar Braehler, Joerg M Fegert, Daniela Harsch, Paul L Plener
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is an identified risk factor for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of different types of maltreatment, and mediating effects of depression and anxiety on NSSI in the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population, comprising N = 2498 participants (mean age = 48.4 years (SD = 18.2), 53.3% female) participated in this study. Child maltreatment was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ),NSSI was assessed with a question on lifetime engagement in NSSI, depressive symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) and anxiety symptoms by the General Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-2)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884109/the-effect-of-child-sexual-abuse-on-social-functioning-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#18
Daniel López-Mongay, Maribel Ahuir, Josep Mª Crosas, J Blas Navarro, José Antonio Monreal, Jordi E Obiols, Diego Palao
The objective of this study was to explore social functioning in schizophrenic patients who have suffered child sexual abuse (CSA) in comparison with those who have not suffered from it in a Spanish sample of 50 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The Quality of Life (QOL) Scale, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF), and the NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) were administered in this study. We found a CSA prevalence of 22% in our sample. Results showed that QOL global scores reduced by 9...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878835/child-maltreatment-severity-chronic-substance-abuse-and-disability-status
#19
Deirdre O'Sullivan, Justin Watts, Chad Shenk
PURPOSE: Biological theories explain how exposure to child maltreatment and chronic substance abuse result in significant health reductions, often years or decades after the maltreatment and substance abuse end. Relationships among these variables are known to exist; however, the relative impact of each risk factor on disability status is not clear. METHOD: Adults receiving inpatient treatment for a substance use disorder (SUD) were assessed for chronic illness and disability (CID), years abusing substances, and child maltreatment severity using the Child Trauma Questionnaire (n = 112)...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878165/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-children-with-excessive-overjet-or-unilateral-posterior-crossbite-with-functional-shift-compared-to-children-with-no-or-mild-orthodontic-treatment-need
#20
Jenny Kallunki, Ola Sollenius, Liselotte Paulsson, Sofia Petrén, Lillemor Dimberg, Lars Bondemark
Objectives: To compare Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 9-year-old children with excessive overjet (EO) to children with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPC) and children with normal occlusion (NO). Materials and methods: The study sample sourced from 19 Public Dental Service Clinics in Sweden. Reported are baseline data originating from two controlled trials, one regarding UPC and the other focusing on EO. The NO children derive from the same trials...
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
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