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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048252/stigma-communication-surrounding-prep-the-experiences-of-a-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Joseph Schwartz, Josh Grimm
HIV is a serious problem in the USA, particularly for men who have sex with men (MSM). A new means of HIV prevention, called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), has been shown to be highly effective. However, in spite of earning FDA approval, adoption of PrEP by MSM has been limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of a sample of 38 MSM who have adopted PrEP, focusing on communication with healthcare providers and social networks. In-depth interviews were used to collect data. Findings revealed that stigmatization by healthcare providers as well as stigmatization by other MSM was a relatively common experience for participants...
October 19, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034727/examining-the-impacts-of-health-literacy-on-healthcare-costs-an-evidence-synthesis
#2
Rocco Palumbo
Scholars and practitioners share a significant concern about rising healthcare costs. Health literacy is widely presented as a solution to this momentous issue, paving the way for a more appropriate access to care and therefore, for cost savings. However, to date little is still known about the ultimate effects of better health literacy on healthcare costs. Drawing from the findings of a systematic literature review which ultimately involved 29 papers retrieved from Scopus-Elsevier and PubMed. This manuscript is aimed at shedding light on the relationship between health literacy and healthcare costs...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028243/new-challenges-of-public-health-bringing-the-future-of-personalised-healthcare-into-focus
#3
Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia
The greater personalization of healthcare represents a driver of innovation for research, and for the healthcare systems and industries as a whole. Still policy-makers, healthcare professionals, citizens and private companies need to take some steps to realize the potential for such a radical shift. In this paper, we illustrate the challenges, the benefits and consequences that might accompany the implementation of personalized healthcare, and the steps that policy-makers and practitioners would need to take to realise its potential...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022766/a-solution-focused-approach-to-understanding-patient-motivation-in-diabetes-self-management-gender-differences-and-implications-for-primary-care
#4
Tajudaullah Bhaloo, Michael Juma, Christine Criscuolo-Higgins
Objective Healthcare providers often neglect to recognize the role they play in motivating patients with diabetes to perform self-management. Our aims were to understand what motivates patients with diabetes to implement recommended self-management practices and understand the role of the primary care team in patient motivation. Methods We use a solution-focused qualitative approach, supplemented with a quantitative scale. We used a purposive sampling strategy to invite patients with uncontrolled diabetes. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted and analyzed using content and thematic analysis...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980881/the-perspective-of-healthcare-providers-and-patients-on-health-literacy-a-systematic-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#5
Retha Rajah, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali, Lim Ching Jou, Muthu Kumar Murugiah
AIM: Health literacy (HL) is a multifaceted concept, thus understanding the perspective of healthcare providers, patients, and the system is vital. This systematic review examines and synthesises the available studies on HL-related knowledge, attitude, practice, and perceived barriers. METHODS: CINAHL and Medline (via EBSCOhost), Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest, Sage Journals, and Science Direct were searched. Both quantitative and/or qualitative studies in the English language were included...
October 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973415/social-and-economic-burden-associated-with-typhoid-fever-in-kathmandu-and-surrounding-areas-a-qualitative-study
#6
Linda M Kaljee, Alfred Pach, Denise Garrett, Deepak Bajracharya, Kshitu Karki, Imran Khan
Typhoid fever is a significant contributor to infectious disease mortality and morbidity in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in South Asia. With increasing antimicrobial resistance, commonly used treatments are less effective and risks increase for complications and hospitalizations. During an episode of typhoid fever, households experience multiple social and economic costs that are often undocumented. In the current study, qualitative interview data from Kathmandu and surrounding areas provide important insights into the challenges that affect those who contract typhoid fever and their caregivers, families, and communities, as well as insight into prevention and treatment options for health providers and outreach workers...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972526/the-health-information-national-trends-survey-hints-a-resource-for-consumer-engagement-and-health-communication-research
#7
Bradford W Hesse, Alexandra J Greenberg, Emily B Peterson, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
The contemporary healthcare system can help improve health literacy outcomes in two ways: first, by nurturing the skills and motivations needed for patients to be actively engaged in their own health and healthcare decisions; and, second, by creating a prepared and proactive healthcare system that adapts to patients' capacities and needs in efficacious ways. In 2001, the National Cancer Institute launched the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) as a way for researchers and planners to understand how the public is interacting with a rapidly changing health information environment...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972524/engaging-patients-in-decision-making-and-behavior-change-to-promote-prevention
#8
Alex H Krist, Sebastian T Tong, Rebecca A Aycock, Daniel R Longo
Effectively engaging patients in their care is essential to improve health outcomes, improve satisfaction with the care experience, reduce costs, and even benefit the clinician experience. This chapter will address the topic of patient engagement directly and review the relationships between health literacy and patient engagement. While there are many ways to define patient and family engagement, this chapter will consider engagement as "patients, families, their representatives, and health professionals working in active partnership at various levels across the health care system - direct care, organizational design and governance, and policy making - to improve health and health care [1]...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972523/shared-decision-making-interventions-theoretical-and-empirical-evidence-with-implications-for-health-literacy
#9
Dawn Stacey, Sophie Hill, Kirsten McCaffery, Laura Boland, Krystina B Lewis, Lidia Horvat
Basic health literacy is required for making health decisions. The aim of this chapter is to discuss the use of shared decision making interventions for supporting patient involvement in making health decisions. The chapter provides a definition of shared decision making and discusses the link between shared decision making and the three levels of health literacy: functional, communicative/interactive, and critical. The Interprofessional Shared Decision Making Model is used to identify the various players involved: the patient, the family/surrogate/significant others, decision coach, and health care professionals...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972519/the-journey-to-become-a-health-literate-organization-a-snapshot-of-health-system-improvement
#10
Cindy Brach
A health literate health care organization is one that makes it easy for people to navigate, understand, and use information and services to take care of their health. This chapter explores the journey that a growing number of organizations are taking to become health literate. Health literacy improvement has increasingly been viewed as a systems issue, one that moves beyond siloed efforts by recognizing that action is required on multiple levels. To help operationalize the shift to a systems perspective, members of the U...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972515/data-driven-maternal-health-literacy-promotion-and-a-postscript-on-its-implications
#11
Sandra A Smith, Lauren N Carroll
Scientific discovery and global health policy are moving health literacy promotion and maternal-child health from the fringes of research and public health to the forefront of healthcare reform [1]. In 2011 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Shanghai Declaration [2]. The Declaration highlights new understanding of the origins of health and disease in early development. It calls on all nations to apply this knowledge to reduce the burdens of chronic disease and related disparities worldwide. The Declaration recommends a specific intervention strategy: promote health literacy across the life course, particularly in parents and children, and empower women...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972511/health-literary-and-the-arts-exploring-the-intersection
#12
John D Ike, Ruth M Parker, Robert A Logan
Historically, study and implementation of health literacy mostly focused on text-based information with frequent attention to medical and health related content within an increasingly complex healthcare system. This chapter introduces visual literacy, particularly as it relates to the visual arts, as a potentially understudied and underutilized component of health literacy that might offer benefit to both patients and healthcare workers. Literacy is both content and context specific. We posit that interaction with the arts improves the ability to appreciate the context inherent within communication across cultures and belief systems...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956629/development-of-an-lgb-specific-health-literacy-scale
#13
Michele J Eliason, Predair Robinson, Kimberly Balsam
No studies to date have examined health literacy among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, nor considered whether LGB-specific health literacy might be a contributing factor to well-documented health disparities in LGB populations. This pilot study gathered online survey data from a national convenience sample of 232 LGB adults age 40 and older. A scale developed specifically for this study had 10 items related to general health literacy and 10 items related to LGB-specific health information and skills...
September 28, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955414/clinic-outcomes-of-the-pathway-to-care-model-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-adolescent-depression-in-malawi
#14
Stanley Kutcher, Michael Udedi, Heather Gilberds, Adena Brown, Rex Chapota, Kevin Perkins
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease and often has an onset during adolescence. While effective treatments are available, many low-income countries, such as Malawi, lack appropriately trained health providers in community health settings, and this limits access to effective mental healthcare for young people with depression. To address this need, a Canadian-developed youth depression Pathway to Care Model, linking school-based mental health literacy interventions to training of community healthcare providers, was adapted for use in Malawi and successfully applied...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954690/a-two-way-street-reciprocal-teaching-and-learning-in-refugee-health
#15
Timothy James Martin, Coen Butters, Linny Phuong
The Water Well Project is a health promotion charity that aims to improve the health literacy of individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant backgrounds. Health literacy is an important predictor of health status, but many Australians cannot demonstrate functional health literacy, and individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds are at higher risk of poor health literacy. The primary participants of The Water Well Project's health education sessions are individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant background, who are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality due to a range of factors...
September 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948598/-constructing-a-peer-led-self-management-program-for-elderly-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Wen-Chun Chen, Chiu-Chu Lin
Changes in lifestyle and increasing age are associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome. In order to better control the incidence of metabolic syndrome nationwide, healthcare providers must provide age-appropriate care information to their elderly patients that addresses critical factors such as physiological function, social psychology, and emotional and health literacy in order to empower these patients to self-manage their condition and to enhance their self-care-related motivation and confidence...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938139/hpv-literacy-and-its-link-to-initiation-and-completion-of-hpv-vaccine-among-young-adults%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-minnesota
#17
H Y Lee, J Lee, C Henning-Smith, J Choi
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies whether, and how, human papillomavirus (HPV) literacy and predisposing, enabling, and need factors are associated with HPV vaccine initiation and completion among young adults in Minnesota. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: Using a sample of 170 young adults (aged 18-26 years), we used logistic regression models to identify factors associated with HPV vaccination initiation and completion, including HPV literacy, adjusting for relevant predisposing, enabling, and need factors...
September 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936236/patient-oriented-health-technologies-patients-perspectives-and-use
#18
Amy M Bauer, Tessa Rue, Sean A Munson, Reza Hosseini Ghomi, Gina A Keppel, Allison M Cole, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Wayne Katon
BACKGROUND: For patient-oriented mobile health tools to contribute meaningfully to improving healthcare delivery, widespread acceptance and use of such tools by patients are critical. However, little is known about patients' attitudes toward using health technology and their willingness to share health data with providers. AIMS: To investigate primary care patients' comfort sharing health information through mobile devices, and patients' awareness and use of patient portals...
August 2017: Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936111/agile-development-of-a-smartphone-app-for-perinatal-monitoring-in-a-resource-constrained-setting
#19
Boris Martinez, Rachel Hall-Clifford, Enma Coyote, Lisa Stroux, Camilo E Valderrama, Christopher Aaron, Aaron Francis, Cate Hendren, Peter Rohloff, Gari D Clifford
Technology provides the potential to empower frontline healthcare workers with low levels of training and literacy, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. An obvious platform for achieving this aim is the smartphone, a low cost, almost ubiquitous device with good supply chain infrastructure and a general cultural acceptance for its use. In particular, the smartphone offers the opportunity to provide augmented or procedural information through active audiovisual aids to illiterate or untrained users, as described in this article...
2017: Journal of Health Informatics in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929864/the-role-of-patient-provider-sexual-health-communication-in-understanding-the-uptake-of-hiv-prevention-services-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
Alvin J Rucker, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Patrick A Wilson
We examined factors that may be associated with whether Black men who have sex with men a) disclose their sexual orientation to healthcare providers, and b) discuss their sexual health with healthcare providers to inform interventions to improve HIV prevention efforts and reduce HIV incidence rates among Black men who have sex with men. During 2011-2012, we conducted semi-structured individual in-depth interviews with Black men who have sex with men in New York City. Interviews were audio recorded. We examined transcribed responses for main themes using a qualitative exploratory approach followed by computer-assisted thematic analyses...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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