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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230919/parents-pain-medication-underdosing-is-associated-with-more-emergency-department-visits-in-sickle-cell-disease
#1
Andrea K Morrison, Matthew P Myrvik, David C Brousseau, Amy L Drendel, J Paul Scott, Alexis Visotcky, Julie A Panepinto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between health literacy, medication knowledge, and pain treatment skills with emergency department (ED) use of parents of children with sickle cell disease (SCD). METHODS: Parents of children 1- to 12-years-old with SCD were enrolled. Health literacy was assessed using the Newest Vital Sign. Parents completed a structured interview assessing knowledge of the dosage and frequency of home pain medications and an applied skills task requiring them to dose a prescribed pain medication...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227267/-problems-of-immunization-and-shared-responsibility-at-the-level-of-primary-healthcare
#2
Y Uteuliyev, A Amenov, A Asen, A Saktapov, N Iskakova, U Amanzholova
In this article, the authors consider ways to solve problematic issues related to the organization and conduct of immunization among the population in order to prevent vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. An in-depth analysis of the progress of vaccine prevention has been conducted and the results achieved in the world in recent years are reflected. At the same time, the authors identified problematic issues related to the successful implementation of further work on the prevention of vaccine-preventable infectious diseases...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225895/higher-health-literacy-is-associated-with-better-glycemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cohort-study-among-1399-danes
#3
Kasper Olesen, Anne Louise F Reynheim, Lene Joensen, Martin Ridderstråle, Lars Kayser, Helle T Maindal, Richard H Osborne, Timothy Skinner, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: Self-management of diabetes is influenced by a range of factors including the ability to access, understand, appraise, and use of health information in everyday life, which can collectively be called health literacy. We investigated associations between nine domains of health literacy and HbA1c level in people with type 1 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1399 people with type 1 diabetes attending a Danish specialist diabetes clinic...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#4
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210140/measuring-cancer-caregiver-health-literacy-validation-of-the-health-literacy-of-caregivers-scale-cancer-hlcs-c-in-an-australian-population
#5
Eva Yuen, Tess Knight, Sarity Dodson, Jacqueline Chirgwin, Lucy Busija, Lina A Ricciardelli, Susan Burney, Phillip Parente, Patricia M Livingston
Caregivers have been largely neglected in health literacy measurement. We assess the construct validity, and internal consistency of the Health Literacy of Caregivers Scale-Cancer (HLCS-C), and present a revised, psychometrically robust scale. Using data from 297 cancer caregivers (12.4% response rate) recruited from Melbourne, Australia between January-July 2014, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to evaluate the HLCS-C's proposed factor structure. Items were evaluated for: item difficulty, unidimensionality and overall item fit within their domain...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206573/associations-between-health-literacy-cancer-related-knowledge-and-preventive-health-behaviors-in-community-dwelling-korean-adults
#6
Youn-Jung Son, Sun-Hee Kim, Gi Yon Kim, Heesook Son
This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between health literacy, cancer-related knowledge, and preventive health behaviors among community-dwelling adults in Korea. Data were collected from 542 adults aged ≥ 18 years living in five big provinces in Korea (Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Gyeongsang-do, Chungcheong-do, and Gangwon-do). Socio-demographic and health-related characteristics were determined using structured questionnaires. Health literacy, cancer-related knowledge, and engagement in preventive health behaviors were measured using validated instruments...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195633/effects-of-women-s-autonomy-on-maternal-healthcare-utilization-in-bangladesh-evidence-from-a-national-survey
#7
Mohammad Rifat Haider, Zaina P Qureshi, M Mahmud Khan
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to construct an index of women's autonomy to analyze its effect on maternal healthcare utilization in Bangladesh. Empirical modeling of the study used instrumental variable (IV) approach to correct for possible endogeneity of women's autonomy variable. METHODS: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 was used for the study. Women's autonomy variable was obtained through factor analysis of variables related to autonomy in decision making regarding healthcare, financial autonomy and freedom of movement...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191647/defining-and-identifying-concepts-of-medication-literacy-an-international-perspective
#8
Annie Pouliot, Régis Vaillancourt, Danielle Stacey, Philippe Suter
BACKGROUND: Multiple concepts to define health literacy in the context of medication use exist, such as medication literacy, pharmacotherapy literacy, pharmacy health literacy; however, no studies have looked at consensus among experts internationally. METHOD: A Delphi process was used to achieve consensus on the statements about medication literacy. Experts for the Delphi were selected from a review of the literature and suggestions from an international survey conducted with members of the International Pharmaceutical Federation on medication literacy...
November 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#9
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185293/health-literacy-a-study-of-internet-based-information-on-advance-directives
#10
Peter Stuart
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and value of web-based information on advance directives. Internet-based information on advance directives was selected because, if it is inaccurate or difficult to understand, patients risk making decisions about their care that may not be followed in practice. METHOD: Two validated health information evaluation tools, the Suitability Assessment of Materials and DISCERN, and a focus group were used to assess credibility, user orientation and effectiveness...
November 28, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183178/health-providers-communication-skills-training-affects-hypertension-outcomes
#11
Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany, Nooshin Peyman, Fatemeh Behzhad, Habibollah Esmaeily, Ali Taghipoor, Gordon Ferns
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is a common cardiovascular risk factor within the Iranian population, and this may be improved through changes in lifestyle. We aimed at improving hypertension outcomes and health literacy skills among hypertensive patients through communication skills training targeting health providers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial method was used to enroll 35 health providers and 240 hypertensive patients attending community-based healthcare practices in the Mashhad, Iran...
November 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177920/examining-the-durability-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-awareness-and-health-beliefs-among-medically-underserved-patients-baseline-to-12%C3%A2-months-post-intervention
#12
Shannon M Christy, Steven K Sutton, Clement K Gwede, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade
The current study examines changes in awareness and health beliefs from baseline to 12 months post-intervention following receipt of one of two colorectal cancer (CRC) educational interventions that aimed to promote CRC screening among a racially and ethnically diverse and medically underserved population. Participants (N = 270) were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial to increase CRC screening and completed both baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments. Participants were aged 50-75, at average CRC risk, not up-to-date with CRC screening guidelines, and receiving care at one of three community-based clinics...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170320/23%C3%A2-patient-and-staff-perspectives-on-the-reasons-for-increasing-emergency-department-attendances
#13
Suzanne Ablard, Melanie Rimmer, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: An NHS England review recognised that demand for Urgent and Emergency Care is unsustainable. Health practitioners and policy makers are interested in understanding the reasons why patients with low acuity problems attend the Emergency Department (ED). This should, in turn, assist the development of interventions to reduce demand.We aimed to gain an understanding about the reasons for rising ED demand and to identify possible solutions. METHODS: A self-report patient survey was administered to non-ambulance patients at 9 EDs across Yorkshire and Humber (Y and H) asking participants: reasons for attending the ED; awareness of alternative services; and perceptions of the suitability of other services to manage their health problem...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169308/factors-influencing-nurse-to-parent-communication-in-culturally-sensitive-pediatric-care-a-qualitative-study
#14
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Akram Ghahramanian, Parvaneh Aghajari, Cynthia Foronda
BACKGROUND: Cultural sensitivity is one attributes of cultural competence. As a result of immigration in the world and/or health tourism, nurses face the diversity cultural clients every day. Cultural sensitivity and effective communication are the important component of nursing care in delivering quality healthcare to diverse patients, but a few evidence exists about nurse-to-parent communication in culturally sensitive pediatric care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore factors that influence nurse-to-parent communication in the provision of culturally sensitive pediatric care...
November 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167082/disparities-in-health-literacy-and-healthcare-utilization-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-or-end-stage-kidney-disease
#15
Robyn Levine, Karina Javalkar, Meaghan Nazareth, Richard A Faldowski, Maria Diaz-Gonzalez de Ferris, Sarah Cohen, Jessica Cuttance, Stephen R Hooper, Eniko Rak
PURPOSE: Low health literacy adversely affects health outcomes in adults with chronic kidney disease. The current study examined associations between limited/inadequate health literacy and health services utilization among adolescents and young adults (AYA) with chronic or end-stage kidney disease (CKD or ESKD). DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study that enrolled patients from both the pediatric- and adult-focused nephrology clinics of a major university hospital...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165627/health-literacy-and-patient-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#16
Dominic M Taylor, Simon Fraser, Chris Dudley, Gabriel C Oniscu, Charles Tomson, Rommel Ravanan, Paul Roderick
Background: Limited health literacy affects 25% of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and may reduce self-management skills resulting in poorer clinical outcomes. By disproportionately affecting people with low socio-economic status and non-white ethnicity, limited health literacy may promote health inequity. Methods: We performed a systematic review of quantitative studies of health literacy and clinical outcomes among adults with CKD. Results: A total of 29 studies (13 articles; 16 conference abstracts) were included...
November 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#17
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152875/effectiveness-of-the-teach-back-method-for-improving-the-health-literacy-of-senior-citizens-in-nursing-homes
#18
Yong-Bing Liu, Yan-Fei Li, Liu Liu, Yan-Li Chen
AIM: To explore the effectiveness of the teach-back method for improving the health literacy of older adults in nursing homes in Ürümqi, the capital of Xinjiang, China. METHODS: Among the 27 registered nursing homes, 10 were selected randomly by size and divided into the intervention and control groups. A total of 127 older adults in the intervention group and 136 in the control group met the inclusion criteria. The intervention and control groups were educated by using the teach-back and traditional methods, respectively, in this 6 month study...
November 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149473/exploring-communication-during-the-journey-from-noticing-bodily-changes-to-a-diagnosis-of-endometrial-cancer
#19
Catherine Cook, Margaret Brunton, Tepora Pukepuke, Ai Ling Tan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand women's perspectives about the trajectory from first bodily changes to diagnosis. BACKGROUND: With endometrial cancer, as with all gynaecological cancers, early diagnosis is key to successful outcomes. However, women do not always seek clinical advice early. Previously, this gap has been referred to as a 'delay', blamed on fear or refusal to acknowledge symptoms. METHODS: A qualitative research project which involved face-to-face interviews with 16 women who had presented with symptoms of endometrial cancer...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#20
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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