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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821508/a-novel-income-security-intervention-to-address-poverty-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review
#1
Marcella K Jones, Gary Bloch, Andrew D Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development and implementation of a novel income security intervention in primary care. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive chart review of all patients referred to the Income Security Heath Promotion service during the first year of the service (December 2013-December 2014). SETTING: A multisite interdisciplinary primary care organisation in inner city Toronto, Canada, serving over 40 000 patients. PARTICIPANTS: The study population included 181 patients (53% female, mean age 48 years) who were referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service and engaged in care...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821256/-provoking-conversations-case-studies-of-organizations-where-option-grid%C3%A2-decision-aids-have-become-normalized
#2
Peter Scalia, Glyn Elwyn, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Implementing patient decision aids in clinic workflow has proven to be a challenge for healthcare organizations and physicians. Our aim was to determine the organizational strategies, motivations, and facilitating factors to the routine implementation of Option Grid™ encounter decision aids at two independent settings. METHOD: Case studies conducted by semi-structured interview, using the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) as a framework for thematic analysis...
August 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818249/health-literacy-cancer-prevention-strategies-for-early-adults
#3
Robert A Simmons, Susan C Cosgrove, Martha C Romney, James D Plumb, Rickie O Brawer, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Linda G Fleisher, Bradley S Moore
Health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand health information and services needed to make health decisions, is an essential element for early adults (aged 18-44 years) to make informed decisions about cancer. Low health literacy is one of the social determinants of health associated with cancer-related disparities. Over the past several years, a nonprofit organization, a university, and a cancer center in a major urban environment have developed and implemented health literacy programs within healthcare systems and in the community...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#4
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800268/asthma-management-experiences-of-australians-who-are-native-arabic-speakers
#5
Reem Alzayer, Betty Chaar, Iman Basheti, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the asthma management experiences of people with asthma within the Arabic-speaking community in Australia. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews guided by a schedule of questions were conducted with 25 Arabic-speaking women with asthma/carer of a child with asthma, recruited from medical practices and community centers in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Twenty-five Arabic-speaking participants with asthma or caring for those with asthma were interviewed...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791616/addressing-cultural-determinants-of-health-for-latino-and-hmong-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-practical-strategies-to-reduce-health-disparities
#6
Linda Park, R J Schwei, P Xiong, E A Jacobs
We explored how addressing culture may improve patient-provider relationships and reduce health disparities for racial and ethnic individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP). We analyzed qualitative data collected to explore health disparities in preventive cancer screenings for Hmong and Spanish-speaking LEP patients in a large Midwest healthcare system. We interviewed 20 participants (10 from each group) and the audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim, then back translated focusing on meaning...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765136/internet-based-support-for-self-management-strategies-for-people-with-copd-protocol-for-a-controlled-pragmatic-pilot-trial-of-effectiveness-and-a-process-evaluation-in-primary-healthcare
#7
André Nyberg, Karin Wadell, Helena Lindgren, Malin Tistad
INTRODUCTION: The use of adequate self-management strategies for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduces healthcare use, improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after acute exacerbations. However, not many people with COPD receive support that promotes the use of such strategies and therefore new methods to facilitate and promote the use of self-management strategies are highly warranted. This pilot trial aims to evaluate the feasibility of the study design and study procedures considering effectiveness of the novel intervention, the COPD-web...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745191/digital-literacy
#8
Lynne Pearce
Healthcare has been slower than many other sectors to embrace new technologies, with some nursing staff feeling anxious, fearful and sceptical about the digital revolution.
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735276/mental-health-literacy-in-primary-care-canadian-research-and-education-for-the-advancement-of-child-health-canreach
#9
Eden S N McCaffrey, Samuel Chang, Geraldine Farrelly, Abdul Rahman, David Cawthorpe
The effectiveness of a continuing education programme in paediatric psychopharmacology designed for primary healthcare providers was objectively measured based on the assumption that training would lead to measurable changes in referral patterns and established clinical measures of referred patients. Using established, valid and reliable measures of clinical urgency embedded in to a regional healthcare system since 2002, the referrals to child and adolescent psychiatric services of physicians who participated in the training (n=99) were compared pretraining and post-training, and to non-participating/untrained referring physicians (n=7753) making referrals over the same time period...
July 22, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716618/evaluation-of-a-video-based-seminar-to-raise-healthcare-professionals-awareness-of-culturally-sensitive-end-of-life-care
#11
Dulce M Cruz-Oliver, Theodore K Malmstrom, Michael Roegner, Gwen Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a newly developed telenovela, or video soap opera, on healthcare professionals (HCP)' awareness of caregivers' stress and patients' cultural approaches to end-of-life (EOL) care decisions. METHODS: A multi-center cross-sectional study among three communities in New York, Miami and Missouri. Participants from a convenience sample of multidisciplinary HCP were randomly assigned to view power point presentation with either a control-video or an intervention-telenovela about caregiving as part of a one- hour audiovisual seminar and completed a pre-posttest questionnaire to evaluate reaction and learning...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714551/influence-of-the-mode-of-administration-on-the-results-of-medication-adherence-questionnaires
#12
Ana C Cabral, Mariana Moura-Ramos, Margarida Castel-Branco, Margarida Caramona, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Isabel V Figueiredo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Adherence to medication regimen is commonly assessed through questionnaires, some of which are validated via self-administration. The inadequate health literacy of elderly people pushes researchers to the use of interviews as a method of administration. The aims of this study were to compare the results obtained with an interviewer-administered and a self-administered medication adherence questionnaire and to evaluate the consequences of the adherence status classification of individuals...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710681/evaluating-the-european-health-literacy-survey-questionnaire-in-patients-with-stroke-a-latent-trait-analysis-using-rasch-modeling
#13
Yi-Jing Huang, Cheng-Te Chen, Gong-Hong Lin, Tzu-Yi Wu, Sheng-Shiung Chen, Li-Fong Lin, Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: The effective self-management and treatment of long-term disability after stroke depends greatly on the health literacy of patients. The European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q) is a comprehensive and theory-based measure that captures multiple self-perceived competencies of health literacy and covers a diverse range of health contexts. However, there is no psychometric evidence on the HLS-EU-Q in the stroke population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the HLS-EU-Q in patients with stroke using Rasch analysis...
July 14, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707495/individualizing-the-selection-of-long-acting-bronchodilator-therapy-for-patients-with-copd-considerations-in-primary-care
#14
Brian W Carlin, Sandra K Schuldheisz, Imre Noth, Gerard J Criner
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common condition encountered in primary care settings. COPD remains the third leading cause of death in the United States and carries a significant burden to both patients and the healthcare system. COPD is a chronic, progressive, irreversible lung disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Proper assessment and diagnosis requires spirometry which is currently underutilized in primary care. Management is focused on adequate symptom control, improving quality of breathing and quality of life, and preventing exacerbations and hospitalizations...
July 24, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696520/delays-in-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-study-of-a-tertiary-health-service-in-western-melbourne-2011-2014
#15
Eloise Williams, Allen Cheng, Garry P Lane, Stephen David Guy
BACKGROUND: Effective tuberculosis (TB) control relies on early diagnosis and prompt treatment commencement. AIM: To investigate delays in presentation and diagnosis of pulmonary TB (PTB) in a low incidence setting in western Melbourne. METHODS: A single-centered retrospective observational cohort study of symptomatic patients ≥ 18 years newly diagnosed with PTB that were commenced on treatment between 1(st) December 2011 and 1(st) December 2014 at a tertiary teaching hospital in western Melbourne...
July 11, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693876/effects-of-a-program-to-improve-mental-health-literacy-for-married-immigrant-women-in-korea
#16
Yun-Jung Choi
This study aimed to develop and evaluate a mental health improvement program for the acculturative stress and mental health literacy of married immigrant women using bilingual gatekeepers. Bilingual gatekeepers were recruited from multicultural centers and trained to provide 8-week structured mental health improvement services to the women in the experimental group using a mental health improvement guidebook developed by the authors in 8 different languages. The program was effective in improving mental health and mental health literacy scores as well as reducing the degree of acculturative stress...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690950/the-role-of-parents-literacy-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-five-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#17
Umme K Khattak, Saima P Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent survey, Pakistan was ranked as the third highest country with malnutrition and the under-five child mortality. No realistic solution for this growing problem has been found despite the fact that the struggle to tackle the issue of malnutrition among young Pakistani children has been going on for the last several decades. The objective of our study was to look into the relationship between parental education and malnutrition in Pakistan and to make a recommendation to improve the nutritional condition of the children...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689518/colon-cancer-screening-is-it-time-yet
#18
EDITORIAL
Hadi Bhurgri, Sami Samiullah
The month of March is dedicated to Colon Cancer Awareness. Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence has been on the rise. It is currently the third most common cancer in men (746,000 cases, 10.0% of the total) and the second in women (614,000 cases, 9.2% of the total).1 Arecent meta-analysis reported a 61% risk reduction in CRC incidence with colonoscopy.2 Unlike screening programs for breast and prostate cancers, not only has CRC screening reduced mortality from colon cancer and detected early CRC, it has also decreased the incidence of CRC through detection and removal of pre-cancerous lesions...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687082/experiences-of-inequitable-care-among-afghan-mothers-surviving-near-miss-morbidity-in-tehran-iran-a-qualitative-interview-study
#19
Soheila Mohammadi, Aje Carlbom, Robabeh Taheripanah, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Providing equitable maternal care to migrants is a seriously challenging task for hosting countries. Iran, the second-most accessed country for refugees from Afghanistan, has achieved maternal health improvement. However, Afghan women with near-miss morbidity faced pre-hospital delays and disparity in maternal care at hospitals. This study explores experiences of maternal care among Afghan women surviving near-miss morbidity to increase insight into healthcare improvements for migrants...
July 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683824/level-of-health-literacy-and-factors-associated-with-it-among-school-teachers-in-an-education-zone-in-colombo-sri-lanka
#20
H M B H Denuwara, Nalika Sepali Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: Health literacy refers to people's competencies to access, understand, judge and apply health information in healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion. This study aimed to describe the level of health literacy and the factors associated with it among school teachers in an Education Zone in Colombo, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among 520 teachers measured health literacy using the selfadministered, culturally adapted Sinhalese translation of Health Literacy Survey-European Union (HLS-EU)...
July 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
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