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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089217/the-impact-of-inadequate-health-literacy-on-patient-satisfaction-healthcare-utilization-and-expenditures-among-older-adults
#1
Stephanie MacLeod, Shirley Musich, Stephen Gulyas, Yan Cheng, Rifky Tkatch, Diane Cempellin, Gandhi R Bhattarai, Kevin Hawkins, Charlotte S Yeh
Inadequate health literacy (HL) is associated with impaired healthcare choices leading to poor quality-of-care. Our primary purpose was to estimate the prevalence of inadequate HL among two populations of AARP(®) Medicare Supplement insureds: sicker and healthier populations; to identify characteristics of inadequate HL; and to describe the impact on patient satisfaction, preventive services, healthcare utilization, and expenditures. Surveys were mailed to insureds in 10 states. Multivariate regression models were used to identify characteristics and adjust outcomes...
January 11, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086861/managing-shades-of-grey-a-focus-group-study-exploring-community-dwellers-views-on-advance-care-planning-in-older-people
#2
Natasha Michael, Clare O'Callaghan, Emma Sayers
BACKGROUND: Community-dwelling consumers of healthcare are increasing, many aging with life-limiting conditions and deteriorating cognition. However, few have had advance care planning discussions or completed documentation to ensure future care preferences are acted upon. This study examines the awareness, attitudes, and experiences of advance care planning amongst older people and unrelated offspring/caregivers of older people residing in the community. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive research, which included focus groups with older people (55+ years) and older people's offspring/caregivers living in an Australian city and surrounding rural region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076599/applicability-of-the-spoken-knowledge-in-low-literacy-patients-with-diabetes-in-brazilian-elderly
#3
Jonas Gordilho Souza, Daniel Apolinario, José Marcelo Farfel, Omar Jaluul, Regina Miksian Magaldi, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Flávia Campora, Wilson Jacob-Filho
Objective: To translate, adapt and evaluate the properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy Patients with Diabetes, which is a questionnaire that evaluate diabetes knowledge. Methods: A cross-sectional study with type 2 diabetes patients aged ≥60 years, seen at a public healthcare organization in the city of Sao Paulo (SP). After the development of the Portuguese version, we evaluated the psychometrics properties and the association with sociodemographic and clinical variables...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069321/consumer-confusion-between-prescription-drug-precautions-and-side-effects
#4
Jacqueline B Amoozegar, Douglas J Rupert, Helen W Sullivan, Amie C O'Donoghue
OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies have identified consumers' difficulty correctly interpreting risk information provided about prescription drugs, whether in printed format or online. This study's purpose was to explore whether consumers can distinguish between prescription drug precautions and side effects presented on brand-name drug websites. METHODS: Participants (n=873) viewed fictitious drug websites that presented both precautions and side effects for one of four drugs, and they completed a survey assessing recall and comprehension...
December 30, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067109/depression-literacy-in-women-attending-university-hospital-clinics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#5
Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Sarah Mahasin, Roa Alsajjan, Marwah Hassounah, Zeinah Alhalees, Norah AlSaif, Fahad D Alosaimi, AlJohara AlQuaiz
BACKGROUND: Depression literacy in general population constitutes an ability to understand depression, with knowledge of disease, its risk factors and symptoms. High levels of depression literacy promote early intervention, potentially reducing related disability. AIM: This study investigated the depression literacy in women visitors to clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Women of 18 and more years were surveyed during their visit to primary and other healthcare clinics of a public hospital in Riyadh...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049458/factors-associated-with-male-involvement-in-reproductive-care-in-bangladesh
#6
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Seydou Ide, Hang Fu, Manli Wang, Zhifei He, Feng Da, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Men's active involvement in reproductive healthcare has shown to be positively associated with maternal and child health outcomes. Bangladesh has made appreciable progress in its pursuance of maternal mortality related goals in the framework of the MDGs. However, there remains a lot to be accomplished to realise the long-term goals for which active participation of male counterparts in reproductive care is crucial. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate factors associated with male involvement in reproductive health among Bangladeshi men...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997996/oral-health-interventions-in-australian-aboriginal-communities-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
J Patel, A Durey, L Hearn, L M Slack-Smith
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians experience significant disparities in oral health with even poorer outcomes reported in rural and remote areas. The high rates of preventable dental disease in Aboriginal communities are a serious concern from a social standpoint and in terms of service provision and healthcare expenditure. METHODS: Primary research literature was comprehensively reviewed. Papers were selected if they reported designing or implementing an intervention or oral health program specific to the needs of Aboriginal communities...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969053/self-management-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-and-its-association-with-sociodemographic-and-clinical-variables
#8
Lan Wang, Annette Nygårdh, Yue Zhao, Jan Mårtensson
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the status of self-management in patients with COPD and its associations with sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 154 patients with COPD (mean age, 73 years) at four hospitals in Tianjin, China. The COPD Self-Management Scale was used to describe the level of self-management, and its associations with sociodemographic and clinical variables were examined with multiple regression analysis...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968919/exploring-health-literacy-in-nursing-students-of-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire
#9
Yan Zhang, Fan Zhang, Ping Hu, Wenjie Huang, Lu Lu, Ruixue Bai, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is important in public health and health care, particularly in effective communication between patients and nurses. The aim of this study was to explore the health literacy level and its influence factors in undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study by stratified sampling of nurses studying at the medical university in Chongqing, south-western China. Nurses had to attend class, be willing to participate, and be younger than 28 years...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965863/a-theory-informed-approach-to-developing-visually-mediated-interventions-to-change-behaviour-using-an-asthma-and-physical-activity-intervention-exemplar
#10
Jennifer Murray, Brian Williams, Gaylor Hoskins, Silje Skar, John McGhee, Shaun Treweek, Falko F Sniehotta, Aziz Sheikh, Gordon Brown, Suzanne Hagen, Linda Cameron, Claire Jones, Dylan Gauld
BACKGROUND: Visualisation techniques are used in a range of healthcare interventions. However, these frequently lack a coherent rationale or clear theoretical basis. This lack of definition and explicit targeting of the underlying mechanisms may impede the success of and evaluation of the intervention. We describe the theoretical development, deployment, and pilot evaluation, of a complex visually mediated behavioural intervention. The exemplar intervention focused on increasing physical activity among young people with asthma...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938996/hpv-knowledge-gaps-and-information-seeking-by-oral-cancer-patients
#11
R C Inglehart, M Taberna, R K L Pickard, M Hoff, C Fakhry, E Ozer, M Katz, M L Gillison
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) positive oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) continues to increase over time, challenging healthcare providers to address their patients' HPV-related concerns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study assessed health literacy, HPV knowledge, utilization and trust in information sources among patients with incident HPV-positive or HPV-negative OSCC diagnosed at the Ohio State University from 2011 to 2015...
December 2016: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921632/access-to-healthcare-services-during-incarceration-among-female-inmates
#12
Rabia Ahmed, Cybele Angel, Rebecca Martel, Diane Pyne, Louanne Keenan
Purpose Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, in addition to substance use disorder and mental health illness, when compared to the general population ( Binswanger et al., 2009 ; Fazel et al., 2006 ; Fuentes, 2013; Kouyoumdjian et al., 2012 ). Women often enter the correctional system in poor health, making incarceration an opportunity to address health issues. The purpose of this paper is to explore the barriers to accessing health services that female inmates face during incarceration, the consequences to their health, and implications for correctional health services delivery...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916381/readability-analysis-of-online-resources-related-to-lung-cancer
#13
Kathleen D Weiss, Christina R Vargas, Olivia A Ho, Danielle J Chuang, Jonathan Weiss, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking health information commonly use the Internet as the first source for material. Studies show that well-informed patients have increased involvement, satisfaction, and healthcare outcomes. As one-third of Americans have only basic or below basic health literacy, the National Institutes of Health and American Medical Association recommend patient-directed health resources be written at a sixth-grade reading level. This study evaluates the readability of commonly accessed online resources on lung cancer...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894460/the-mediation-effect-of-health-literacy-between-subjective-social-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#14
Huijing Zou, Yuxia Chen, Wenjie Fang, Yanting Zhang, Xiuzhen Fan
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms are prevalent and cause adverse outcomes in heart failure. Previous studies have linked depressive symptoms with socioeconomic status. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study aimed to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and depressive symptoms, and to examine whether access to healthcare, health literacy and social support mediated this relationship in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Cross-sectional design was used to study 321 patients with heart failure recruited from a general hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871271/assessing-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-encounter-decision-aids-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-targeted-at-underserved-patients
#15
Shama Alam, Glyn Elwyn, Sanja Percac-Lima, Stuart Grande, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Women of low socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are less likely to be involved in treatment decisions. They tend to report higher decisional regret and poorer communication. Evidence suggests that well-designed encounter decision aids (DAs) could improve outcomes and potentially reduce healthcare disparities. Our goal was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of encounter decision aids (Option Grid, Comic Option Grid, and Picture Option Grid) adapted for a low-SES and low-literacy population...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866391/adolescent-healthcare-brokering-prevalence-experience-impact-and-opportunities
#16
Jennifer R Banas, Lisa C Wallis, James W Ball, Sarah Gershon
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy disproportionately affects those with limited English proficiency (LEP). Parents with LEP might rely on their adolescent children to interpret health information. We call this adolescent healthcare brokering. This study uncovers the prevalence of brokering, kinds of tasks, emotional and academic impact, and desired support. METHODS: We invited 165 students from health classes (in a community in which 29.8% are foreign-born and 53...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858460/exploring-the-use-of-theory-in-a-national-text-message-campaign-addressing-problem-recognition-and-constraint-recognition-for-publics-of-pregnant-women
#17
Linda Aldoory, Erica Blue Roberts, Jessica Bushar, Luciana C Assini-Meytin
Infant mortality is associated with access to healthcare, knowledge, and health literacy. Text4baby, the largest national texting health initiative, seeks to address these factors. However, no research has examined the program's theoretical framework, an aspect that may impact its success. To address this gap, Text4baby's use of theory was evaluated through a content analysis of Text4baby messages and interviews with Text4baby content developers. We compared the main variables of health behavior theories framing Text4baby messages with the situational theory of publics and its factors of problem recognition and constraint recognition...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852712/perceived-barriers-to-accessing-mental-health-services-among-black-and-minority-ethnic-bme-communities-a-qualitative-study-in-southeast-england
#18
Anjum Memon, Katie Taylor, Lisa M Mohebati, Josefin Sundin, Max Cooper, Thomas Scanlon, Richard de Visser
OBJECTIVE: In most developed countries, substantial disparities exist in access to mental health services for black and minority ethnic (BME) populations. We sought to determine perceived barriers to accessing mental health services among people from these backgrounds to inform the development of effective and culturally acceptable services to improve equity in healthcare. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study in Southeast England. PARTICIPANTS: 26 adults from BME backgrounds (13 men, 13 women; aged >18 years) were recruited to 2 focus groups...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845290/-study-of-health-literacy-of-rural-residents-of-almaty-oblast-region-kazakhstan-role-of-financial-wellbeing-in-the-formation-of-health-literacy-of-population
#19
G Baisunova, B Turdaliyeva, K Tulebayev, D Zagulova
Aim of the study was to explore the relationships between health literacy (HL) and financial wellbeing in residents of Almaty oblast (region). The survey was conducted among 826 residents of Almaty region aged 18 y.o. Over 56.5% were female residents. To estimate health literacy, self assessed health, financial wellbeing and attitude towards health /work -questionnaire HLS-EU-Q was used. The results confirmed a significant relationship between financial wellbeing, health literacy and health outcomes residents of Almaty region...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832788/readiness-of-healthcare-providers-for-ehealth-the-case-from-primary-healthcare-centers-in-lebanon
#20
Shadi Saleh, Rawya Khodor, Mohamad Alameddine, Maysa Baroud
BACKGROUND: eHealth can positively impact the efficiency and quality of healthcare services. Its potential benefits extend to the patient, healthcare provider, and organization. Primary healthcare (PHC) settings may particularly benefit from eHealth. In these settings, healthcare provider readiness is key to successful eHealth implementation. Accordingly, it is necessary to explore the potential readiness of providers to use eHealth tools. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the readiness of healthcare providers working in PHC centers in Lebanon to use eHealth tools...
November 10, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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