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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720722/development-of-comorbidities-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-treated-with-androgen-deprivation-therapy-an-australian-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Huah Shin Ng, Bogda Koczwara, David Roder, Agnes Vitry
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of androgen deprivation therapy has prompted further evaluation of its potential adverse effects as the treatment may exacerbate or increase the risk of developing new comorbid diseases. This study aims to assess the patterns of comorbidities among Australian men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy. METHODS: Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) 10% data between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2014 was utilised in this retrospective cohort study...
May 2, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715359/chronic-hepatitis-b-infection-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Lydia S Y Tang, Emily Covert, Eleanor Wilson, Shyam Kottilil
Importance: More than 240 million individuals worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among individuals with chronic HBV infection who are untreated, 15% to 40% progress to cirrhosis, which may lead to liver failure and liver cancer. Observations: Pegylated interferon and nucleos(t)ide analogues (lamivudine, adefovir, entecavir, tenofovir disoproxil, and tenofovir alafenamide) suppress HBV DNA replication and improve liver inflammation and fibrosis...
May 1, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708021/association-between-erectile-dysfunction-and-subsequent-prostate-cancer-development-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-double-concurrent-comparison-groups
#3
Victor C Kok, Yi-Hsuan Hsiao, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Kung-Liang Wang
Recent studies indicate that erectile dysfunction (ED) and prostate cancer share common potential risk factors such as chronic inflammation, prostatitis, cigarette smoking, obesity, a high animal fat diet, sedentarism, and depression. There is great interest in knowing if ED is associated with prostate cancer. This study aimed to investigate if men afflicted with ED harbor an increased risk of prostate cancer, utilizing two concurrent comparison groups, constructed from the Taiwan NHIRD, with up to 8 years' follow-up...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574203/inhibitors-of-phosphodiesterase-as-cancer-therapeutics
#4
REVIEW
Ting Peng, Jun Gong, Yongzhe Jin, Yanping Zhou, Rongsheng Tong, Xin Wei, Lan Bai, Jianyou Shi
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are a class of enzymes that hydrolyze cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) which is involved in many physiological processes including visual transduction, cell proliferation and differentiation, cell-cycle regulation, gene expression, inflammation, apoptosis, and metabolic function. PDEs are composed of 11 different families and each family contains different subtypes. The distribution, expression, regulation mode and sensitivity to inhibitors of each subtype are different, and they are involved in cancer, inflammation, asthma, depression, erectile dysfunction and other pathological processes of development...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546305/the-inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-at-midlife-is-associated-with-later-healthy-aging-in-french-adults
#5
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Mathilde Touvier, Tasnime Akbaraly, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: While low-grade chronic inflammation has been suggested as a major modulator of healthy aging (HA), no study has yet investigated the link between the inflammatory potential of the diet and multidimensional concepts of HA. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet at midlife, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and HA assessed 13 y later. Methods: We analyzed data from 2796 participants in the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521084/novel-engineered-microgels-with-amphipathic-network-structures-for-simultaneous-tumor-and-inflammation-depression
#6
Xianjing Zhou, Yanxin Qi, Zhijun Zhang, Jingjing Nie, Yubin Huang, Binyang Du
Novel engineered microgels with amphipathic network structures were designed and synthesized by copolymerizing N-isopropylacrylamide, 1-vinylimidazole, and 2-(cinnamoyloxy)ethyl methacrylate in the presence of 1,6-dibromohexane. The engineered microgels possess hydrophilic quaternization cross-linking structures and hydrophobic cross-linking inner nanodomains, which are suitable for loading and simultaneous release of hydrophilic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac sodium (DS) and hydrophobic antic cancer drug doxorubicin (DOX), respectively...
March 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508284/nlrs-as-helpline-in-the-brain-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-implications
#7
REVIEW
Shalini Singh, Sushmita Jha
Nucleotide binding domain, leucine-rich repeat containing proteins (NLRs) are a family of pattern recognition receptors involved in major innate immune defense mechanisms. NLRs play a key role in several cancers, autoimmune, and inflammation-associated diseases. Association of NLRP3 has been widely investigated in neurodegenerative diseases, chronic alcoholism, depression, traumatic brain injury, and pathogenic infections. Several research studies have shown possible involvement of various other inflammasome-forming and non-inflammasome-forming NLRs in the brain; however, their mechanisms of action are yet to be defined clearly...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468820/effects-of-curcumin-consumption-on-human-chronic-diseases-a-narrative-review-of-the-most-recent-clinical-data
#8
REVIEW
Maria Mantzorou, Eleni Pavlidou, George Vasios, Eftychia Tsagalioti, Constantinos Giaginis
Numerous clinical trials have investigated the potential beneficial effects of curcumin supplementation against several human chronic diseases. Up to now, it has been claimed that curcumin consumption may exert beneficial effects against several chronic diseases by promoting human health and preventing diseases. In this aspect, the present review aims to critically collect and in-depth summarize the most recent, well-designed clinical studies evaluating the potential beneficial effects of curcumin consumption on human health promotion and disease prevention...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420166/curcumin-mediated-regulation-of-intestinal-barrier-function-the-mechanism-underlying-its-beneficial-effects
#9
Siddhartha S Ghosh, Hongliang He, Jing Wang, Todd W Gehr, Shobha Ghosh
Curcumin has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative properties established largely by in vitro studies. Accordingly, oral administration of curcumin beneficially modulates many diseases including diabetes, fatty-liver disease, atherosclerosis, arthritis, cancer and neurological disorders such as depression, Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. However, limited bioavailability and inability to detect curcumin in circulation or target tissues has hindered the validation of a causal role. We established curcumin-mediated decrease in the release of gut bacteria-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into circulation by maintaining the integrity of the intestinal barrier function as the mechanism underlying the attenuation of metabolic diseases (diabetes, atherosclerosis, kidney disease) by curcumin supplementation precluding the need for curcumin absorption...
January 2, 2018: Tissue Barriers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400021/risk-factors-in-progression-from-endometriosis-to-ovarian-cancer-a-cohort-study-based-on-medical-insurance-data
#10
An Jen Chiang, Chung Chang, Chi Hsiang Huang, Wei Chun Huang, Yuen Yee Kan, Jiabin Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify risk factors that were associated with the progression from endometriosis to ovarian cancer based on medical insurance data. METHODS: The study was performed on a dataset obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database, which covered all the inpatient claim data from 2000 to 2013 in Taiwan. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) code 617 was used to screen the dataset for the patients who were admitted to hospital due to endometriosis...
May 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355901/depressive-symptoms-predict-head-and-neck-cancer-survival-examining-plausible-behavioral-and-biological-pathways
#11
Lauren A Zimmaro, Sandra E Sephton, Chelsea J Siwik, Kala M Phillips, Whitney N Rebholz, Helena C Kraemer, Janine Giese-Davis, Liz Wilson, Jeffrey M Bumpous, Elizabeth D Cash
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancers are associated with high rates of depression, which may increase the risk for poorer immediate and long-term outcomes. Here it was hypothesized that greater depressive symptoms would predict earlier mortality, and behavioral (treatment interruption) and biological (treatment response) mediators were examined. METHODS: Patients (n = 134) reported depressive symptomatology at treatment planning. Clinical data were reviewed at the 2-year follow-up...
March 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327354/a-validated-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantitation-of-tryptophan-kynurenine-kynurenic-acid-and-quinolinic-acid-in-human-plasma
#12
Kathrin Arnhard, Florian Pitterl, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Dietmar Fuchs, Therese Koal, Herbert Oberacher
Tryptophan (TRP) catabolism via the kynurenine pathway is considered to represent a major link between inflammation and various diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders, depression, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. The kynurenine pathway and levels of TRP and its metabolites kynurenine (KYN), kynurenic acid (KYNA) and quinolinic acid (QUIN) are well regulated under physiological conditions but may be altered as part of the activated immune response. A simple, sensitive, and specific liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry method was developed for determining levels of the four compounds in human plasma samples...
January 12, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321047/effects-of-concentrated-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-before-radical-prostatectomy-on-prostate-cancer-proliferation-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-study-protocol-for-a-phase-iib-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Marie-Hélène Guertin, Karine Robitaille, Jean-François Pelletier, Thierry Duchesne, Pierre Julien, Josée Savard, Isabelle Bairati, Vincent Fradet
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in north-American men. Few dietary or lifestyle interventions have been tested to prevent prostate cancer progression. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation represents a promising intervention for prostate cancer patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3), more precisely eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) supplementation, on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation mediators and quality of life among men who will undergo radical prostatectomy...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320669/comorbidities-in-australian-women-with-hormone-dependent-breast-cancer-a-population-based-analysis
#14
Huah Shin Ng, Bogda Koczwara, David M Roder, Theo Niyonsenga, Agnes I Vitry
OBJECTIVE: To compare how frequently selected chronic diseases developed in women with breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy, and in women without cancer. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective, rolling cohort study, analysing a random 10% sample of Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) data for the period 1 January 2003 - 31 December 2014. Women with breast cancer who first commenced endocrine therapy between January 2004 and December 2011 were identified, and age- and sex-matched (1:10) by comorbidity with control groups of women who did not have a dispensing record for antineoplastic agents during the study period or the comorbidity of interest at baseline...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217760/tumor-associated-fatigue-in-cancer-patients-develops-independently-of-il1-signaling
#15
Aaron J Grossberg, Elisabeth G Vichaya, Diana L Christian, Jessica M Molkentine, Daniel W Vermeer, Phillip S Gross, Paola D Vermeer, John H Lee, Robert Dantzer
Fatigue is the most common symptom of cancer at diagnosis, yet causes and effective treatments remain elusive. As tumors can be highly inflammatory, it is generally accepted that inflammation mediates cancer-related fatigue. However, evidence to support this assertion is mostly correlational. In this study, we directly tested the hypothesis that fatigue results from propagation of tumor-induced inflammation to the brain and activation of the central proinflammatory cytokine, IL1. The heterotopic syngeneic murine head and neck cancer model (mEER) caused systemic inflammation and increased expression of Il1b in the brain while inducing fatigue-like behaviors characterized by decreased voluntary wheel running and exploratory activity...
February 1, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215592/natural-korean-medicine-dang-gui-biosynthesis-effective-extraction-and-formulations-of-major-active-pyranocoumarins-their-molecular-action-mechanism-in-cancer-and-other-biological-activities
#16
REVIEW
Chinreddy Subramanyam Reddy, Seong Cheol Kim, Mok Hur, Yeon Bok Kim, Chun Geon Park, Woo Moon Lee, Jae Ki Jang, Sung Cheol Koo
Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) is a crucial oriental medicinal herb that grows especially in Korea and the Far-East countries. It contains chemically active compounds like pyranocoumarins, polyacetylenes and essential oils, which might be useful for treatment of several chronic diseases. It has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in Southeast Asia, but in Western countries is used as a functional food and a major ingredient of several herbal products. The genus Angelica is also known as 'female ginseng' due to its critical therapeutic role in female afflictions, such as gynecological problems...
December 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127594/morphine-double-faced-roles-in-the-regulation-of-tumor-development
#17
REVIEW
X Y Zhang, Y X Liang, Y Yan, Z Dai, H C Chu
Morphine, a highly potent analgesic, is one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of severe pain associated with cancer. It directly acts on the central nervous system to relieve pain, but also cause secondary complications, such as addiction, respiratory depression and constipation due to its activities on peripheral tissues. Besides pain relief, morphine is of great importance on cancer management with its effect on tumor development being the subject of debate for many years with some contradictory findings...
November 10, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098660/therapeutic-potential-of-ursolic-acid-to-manage-neurodegenerative-and-psychiatric-diseases
#18
Ana B Ramos-Hryb, Francis L Pazini, Manuella P Kaster, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues
Ursolic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid found in several plants. Despite its initial use as a pharmacologically inactive emulsifier in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries, several biological activities have been reported for this compound so far, including anti-tumoural, anti-diabetic, cardioprotective and hepatoprotective properties. The biological effects of ursolic acid have been evaluated in vitro, in different cell types and against several toxic insults (i.e. 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, amyloid-β peptides, kainic acid and others); in animal models of brain-related disorders (Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, depression, traumatic brain injury) and ageing; and in clinical studies with cancer patients and for muscle atrophy...
December 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055387/the-colon-revisited-or-the-key-to-wellness-health-and-disease
#19
C A Gonzalez-Correa, E Mulett-Vásquez, D A Miranda, C H Gonzalez-Correa, P A Gómez-Buitrago
The hypothesis being advanced in this paper is that there is a new medical paradigm emerging from the biomedical research carried out in this century, mainly due to the explosion of the so called "omics" and associated techniques. The main idea is that there is a common pathway from wellbeing and health to chronic disease ("chronopathy") and even to death, which comprises following steps: 1) unhealthy diet, sedentary life style and permanent exposition to xenobiotics and all kinds of noxious stimuli;→2) intestinal dysbiosis;→3) alteration of the intestinal mucus layer (especially that of the colon);→4) disruption of the endothelial tight junctions;→5) metabolic endotoxemia+bacterial translocation;→6) inflammation;→7) exacerbation of the enteric nervous system (ENS) and consequent maladaptation and malfunctioning of the colon;→8) epigenetic manifestations;→9) "chronopathy" and premature death...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047090/metabolic-reprogramming-and-redox-signaling-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#20
Lydie Plecitá-Hlavatá, Angelo D'alessandro, Karim El Kasmi, Min Li, Hui Zhang, Petr Ježek, Kurt R Stenmark
Pulmonary hypertension is a complex disease of the pulmonary vasculature, which in severe cases terminates in right heart failure. Complex remodeling of pulmonary arteries comprises the central issue of its pathology. This includes extensive proliferation, apoptotic resistance and inflammation. As such, the molecular and cellular features of pulmonary hypertension resemble hallmark characteristics of cancer cell behavior. The vascular remodeling derives from significant metabolic changes in resident cells, which we describe in detail...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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