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Nothing per oral

Leah L Zullig, Steven Wolf, Lisa Vlastelica, Veena Shankaran, S Yousuf Zafar
BACKGROUND: Limited transparency exists regarding eligibility and benefits for patient financial assistance programs (PAPs). OBJECTIVE: To describe oral anticancer medication costs, insurance coverage, and the degree of financial assistance provided by PAPs. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prescription anticancer medication costs and PAP coverage. The study used data from an academic cancer center's specialty pharmacy. Medication, cost, and coverage data were collected from the specialty pharmacy database for prescriptions filled from January 2013 to November 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Ylinne T Lynch, Brendan J Clark, Madison Macht, S David White, Heather Taylor, Tim Wimbish, Marc Moss
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia with subsequent aspiration occurs in up to 60% of acute respiratory failure (ARF) survivors. Accurate bedside tests for aspiration can reduce aspiration-related complications while minimizing delay of oral nutrition. In a cohort of ARF survivors, we determined the accuracy of the bedside swallowing evaluation (BSE) and its components for detecting aspiration. METHODS: Patients who were extubated after at least 24hours of mechanical ventilation were eligible for enrollment...
June 2017: Journal of Critical Care
Heba A Yassa, Safaa M George, Heba K Mohamed
Aluminum sulphate has a significant toxic effects for humans. Aluminum is one of the most abundant metal on the Earth crust. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of short term exposure to aluminum sulphate on the bone development of the fetuses in rats, and if folic acid has a protective role upon that effects or not. Forty female rats were used, ten per group, GI served as negative control (receive nothing except normal feeding and water), GII served as positive control (receive water by gastric gavage), GIII treated with aluminum sulphate orally by gastric gavage and GIV treated with aluminum sulphate with folic acid...
March 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Jonathan Emeka Emordi, Esther Oluwatoyin Agbaje, Ibrahim Adekunle Oreagba, Osede Ignis Iribhogbe
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterised by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. It is a global epidemic ravaging both developed and developing countries. The situation will worsen if nothing is done urgently. In fact, the need to identify natural products with antidiabetic potentials is of great importance as supported by several research efforts all over the world, in search of antidiabetic plant based products that are safe and efficacious...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
U S Sorge, M Henriksen, A Bastan, N Cremers, K Olsen, B A Crooker
Kelp (Ascophyllum nodosum) is rich in iodine and often fed by organic dairy producers as a mineral supplement to support animal health. A commonly held belief is that kelp supplementation decreases susceptibility to infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis due to increased iodine concentrations in tears. Whereas serum and milk iodine concentrations are positively correlated and modulated by oral iodine supplementation, nothing is known about the iodine concentration of tears. Therefore, the 3 objectives of this pilot study were to determine (1) the iodine content of tears, milk, and serum of cows after being fed kelp for 30d; (2) the trace mineral and thyroid status of cows before (d 0) and after being fed kelp for 30d; and (3) the in vitro growth rate of bacteria in tears (Moraxella bovis) or milk (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus uberis) collected from cows fed no kelp (d 0) or kelp (d 30)...
October 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Katherine A Hutcheson, Martha P Barrow, Asher Lisec, Denise A Barringer, Kacie Gries, Jan S Lewin
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To describe clinically relevant between-group differences in MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) scores among head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 1,136 HNC patients seen for modified barium swallow (MBS) studies. METHODS: The MDADI was administered by written questionnaire at the MBS appointment. MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory global, composite, and subscale scores were calculated...
May 2016: Laryngoscope
Arash Kakaiy, Esmail Ayen, Rajabali Sadrkhanlou, Farshid Sarrafzadeh Rezaei
Thirty six Wistar albino rats with implant induced endometriosis were randomly divided into six groups of six animals each. The rats in the first group received nothing and were euthanized at day 21. In the second group, rats received nothing and were euthanized at day 36. The third group received atorvastatin (ATV; 5 mg kg(-1) per day, orally) until 21 days from induction of endometriosis, and the fourth group received ATV from the 15(th) day after induction of endometriosis for 21 days. The fifth group received grape seed extract (GET; 450 mg kg(-1) per day, orally) until 21 days from induction of endometriosis...
2015: Veterinary Research Forum
Fernanda Braga Azambuja, Mariur Gomes Beghetto, Michelli Cristina Silva de Assis, Elza Daniel de Mello
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the agreement between oral feeding by patients and chart records of this acceptance. METHOD: Besides the food intake surveys of surgical patients, the nursing records of nutrition were evaluated. Is was considered good oral feeding: intake ≥ 75% of total calories prescribed at the day; medium acceptance: 50 to 74.9%; low acceptance: < 50% and NPO (nothing per oral). The Kappa coefficient was adopted to assess agreement. RESULTS: There were similar answers between patient and nursing records in 91...
June 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Kati Förster, Franziska Ebertz, Vera Gelbricht, Thomas Schreier, Maria Göbelt, Franziska Michalski, Heike Endig, Kurtulus Sahin, Luise Tittl, Norbert Weiss
AIMS: Worldwide, rivaroxaban is increasingly used for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (SPAF) but little is known about the rates of or reasons for rivaroxaban discontinuations in daily care. Using data from a prospective, non-interventional oral anticoagulation (NOAC) registry, we analysed rivaroxaban treatment persistence. METHODS AND RESULTS: Persistence with rivaroxaban in SPAF was assessed in an ongoing, prospective, non-interventional registry of >2600 NOAC patients from daily care using the Kaplan-Meier time-to-first-event analysis...
April 2015: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Edgardo Tiglao
SESSION TITLE: Pulmonary Vascular Disease Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Cancer continues to be one of the major causes of venous thromboembolism (VTE) worlwide, and as such, a global health burden. In the Philippines, the incidence of cancer with VTE is yet to be established, although malignancy itself is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Among the malignancy types, that of the lung ranks first...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Aysun Sengul, Cigdem Vural, Sertan Arkan, Cuneyt Ozer, Aysegul Tas, Busra Yaprak, Olcay Bildirici
SESSION TITLE: DVT/PE/Pulmonary Hypertension Posters IIISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension is a serious disease, characterized by progressive elevation of pulmonary arterial resistance, leading to right ventricular failure and death. Abnormal vasoconstriction of pulmonary arterioles caused by vascular endothelial injury and/or remodeling of smooth muscle cell including proliferation and hypertrophy appear to be primary factors...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Alfred Papali, Ashutosh Sachdeva, Edward Pickering, Nirav Shah
SESSION TITLE: Bronchology/Interventional Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) remains the most common AIDS-associated neoplasm. Endobronchial KS typically appears as slightly raised, violaceous lesions in the sub-mucosa of the endobronchial wall and is usually associated with similar mucocutaneous lesions elsewhere on the body. We herein describe an unusual case of KS presenting as an isolated obstructing endobronchial tumor that was effectively resected using electrocautery snare and argon plasma coagulation (APC)...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Drew Harris, Sharon Drake
Critical Care Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Acromegaly, a clinical disorder caused by excess growth hormone (GH) secretion, is an uncommon adult condition with an estimated annual incidence of 3 per million. It is an often missed diagnosis, and delay in diagnosis leads to increased morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 26 year old previously healthy Navajo male who was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in an Indian Health Service (IHS) hospital 3 times in 6 months for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) before the diagnosis of acromegaly was made...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Anita Rajagopal, Michael Shapiro
Miscellaneous Student/Resident Case Report Posters IISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by diffuse inflammation of lung parenchyma. Symptoms include cough, fever, and shortness of breath. Chest imaging often shows micronodules and fibrosis that can be difficult to distinguish from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We present a case of HP presenting with diffuse cystic lesions, mimicking lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Zhou Zhang, Melisa Chang, Arzhang Javan, Luis Moreta-Sainz
Infectious Disease Student/Resident Case Report Posters ISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Recurrent pulmonary papillomatosis (RPP) is an uncommon clinical entity with incidence of 1.8 per 100,000 adults. We describe an adult patient with RPP who presented with cough and hemoptysis.CASE PRESENTATION: A 43 year-old male presented with one month of dry cough and one day of hemoptysis. He emigrated from South Korea at age 2...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Karen Sobere Yu, Teresita De Guia
Infectious Disease Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Treating patients with substantial doses of oral corticosteroids suppress the immune system, thereby increasing the risk of tuberculosis (TB). However, little is known to its effect on inhaled corticosteroids with risk of tuberculosis.CASE PRESENTATION: An elderly male aged 72 years old, previous 20 pack-year smoker was diagnosed of TB with bronchiectasis underwent right upper lung lobectomy and embolization...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Ahmad Kachoie, Saied Safari, Fatemeh Hosseinzadeh, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh
BACKGROUND: One of uncommon complications in patients with peritoneal catheter is colon rupture which usually occurs during catheter insertion. In this paper, we present a case of delayed perforated colon following insertion of peritoneal catheter. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old man was suffering from chronic renal failure (CRF). Nine months after peritoneal catheterization, peritoneal dialysis was initiated for him. Dialysis fluid was introduced in the abdomen and severe watery diarrhea appeared...
2014: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Jataveda Mahapatra, Seema N Quraishi, Anthony David, Stephanie Sampson, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Long-acting depot injections of drugs such as flupenthixol decanoate are extensively used as a means of long-term maintenance treatment for schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of flupenthixol decanoate in comparison with placebo, oral antipsychotics and other depot neuroleptic preparations for people with schizophrenia and other severe mental illnesses, in terms of clinical, social and economic outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We identified relevant trials by searching the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register in March 2009 and then for this update version, a search was run in April 2013...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Salma Khan, Amyn Pardhan, Tufail Bawa, Naveed Haroon
Surgical exploration has been the standard of care for abdominal gunshot injuries. The authors report a case of a 28-year-old man who sustained a transabdominal gunshot injury, which entered the anterior abdominal wall and exited adjacent to the T12 vertebra posteriorly with a tangential trajectory. On presentation, the patient was haemodynamically stable with no peritoneal signs. Based on trajectory of the bullet, intra-abdominal injury was suspected. Therefore a CT scan abdomen with intravenous and rectal contrast was performed...
November 22, 2013: BMJ Case Reports
Amir Tirmizi
SESSION TYPE: Respiratory Support PostersPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Present a case report of successful use of NPPV in the treatment of diffuse cerebral edema resulting from severe hypercapnia in ALS.METHODS: A 52 years old Caucasian female with ALS was admitted to the hospital with poor oral intake, dehydration and urinary tract infection. Patient has been using nighttime bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) therapy at home for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure...
October 1, 2012: Chest
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