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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344697/learning-by-concordance-lbc-introducing-undergraduate-students-to-the-complexity-and-uncertainty-of-clinical-practice
#1
Nicolas Fernandez, Amélie Foucault, Serge Dubé, Diane Robert, Chantal Lafond, Anne-Marie Vincent, Jeannine Kassis, Driss Kazitani, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: A current challenge in medical education is the steep exposure to the complexity and uncertainty of clinical practice in early clerkship. The gap between pre-clinical courses and the reality of clinical decision-making can be overwhelming for undergraduate students. The Learning-by-Concordance (LbC) approach aims to bridge this gap by embedding complexity and uncertainty by relying on real-life situations and exposure to expert reasoning processes to support learning. LbC provides three forms of support: 1) expert responses that students compare with their own, 2) expert explanations and 3) recognized scholars' key-messages...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330403/communicating-with-residents-about-risks-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#2
Michio Murakami, Akiko Sato, Shiro Matsui, Aya Goto, Atsushi Kumagai, Masaharu Tsubokura, Makiko Orita, Noboru Takamura, Yujiro Kuroda, Sae Ochi
The Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011 posed major threats to public health. In response, medical professionals have tried to communicate the risks to residents. To investigate forms of risk communication and to share lessons learned, we reviewed medical professionals' activities in Fukushima Prefecture from the prefectural level to the individual level: public communication through Fukushima Health Management Surveys, a Yorozu ("general") health consultation project, communications of radiological conditions and health promotion in Iitate and Kawauchi villages, dialogues based on whole-body counter, and science communications through online media...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318439/focused-assessment-with-sonography-in-trauma-fast-in-2017-what-radiologists-can-learn
#3
John R Richards, John P McGahan
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) has been extensively utilized and studied in blunt and penetrating trauma for the past 3 decades. Prior to FAST, invasive procedures such as diagnostic peritoneal lavage and exploratory laparotomy were commonly utilized to diagnose intraabdominal injury. Today the FAST examination has evolved into a more comprehensive study of the abdomen, heart, chest, and inferior vena cava, and many variations in technique, protocols, and interpretation exist. Trauma management strategies such as laparotomy, laparoscopy, endoscopy, computed tomographic angiography, angiographic intervention, serial imaging, and clinical observation have also changed over the years...
April 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302329/the-high-performing-radiology-residency-a-case-study
#4
Lu Anne V Dinglasan, Mary H Scanlon
The primary goal of any radiology residency program is to train clinically competent radiologists. However, some radiology programs go above and beyond basic ACGME requirements and produce highly productive radiologists who contribute to the field in research, education and technology. At the core of such residencies are the people who comprise it, including self-motivated, personable residents and faculty who can facilitate excellence from their trainees. Indeed, radiology residencies which create unique programs in response to evolving resident interests can help foster resident-driven research, advocacy, technological innovation and early leadership...
January 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301204/impact-of-an-interactive-diagnostic-case-simulator-on-a-medical-student-radiology-rotation
#5
Michael V Friedman, Jennifer L Demertzis, Travis J Hillen, Jeremiah R Long, David A Rubin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the short-term impact of adding an interactive simulator to a medical student radiology clerkship. We hypothesized that transitioning students from passive observers to active participants in the reading room would create an appealing and effective learning experience for the current generation of students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interactive workstation that provided diagnostic simulations of 84 cases selected to maximize exposure to important diagnoses in musculoskeletal (MSK) radiology was created...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298965/radiology-education-in-europe-analysis-of-results-from-22-european-countries
#6
Bhavya Rehani, Yi C Zhang, Madan M Rehani, András Palkó, Lawrence Lau, Miriam N Mikhail Lette, William P Dillon
AIM: To assess the state of radiology education across Europe by means of a survey study. METHODS: A comprehensive 23-item radiology survey was distributed via email to the International Society of Radiology members, national radiological societies, radiologists and medical physicists. Reminders to complete the survey were sent and the results were analyzed over a period of 4 mo (January-April 2016). Survey questions include length of medical school and residency training; availability of fellowship and subspecialty training; number of residency programs in each country; accreditation pathways; research training; and medical physics education...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298576/radiography-faculty-engaged-in-online-education-perceptions-of-effectiveness-satisfaction-and-technological-self-efficacy
#7
Shirley J Cherry, Bethany H Flora
PURPOSE: To assess radiography faculty perceptions of the effectiveness of online courses. METHODS: An original survey instrument was created by selecting items from 3 instruments used in prior research and adding unique questions designed to elicit demographic data from faculty. The sample included a national dataset of radiography faculty members employed in Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology-accredited programs in the United States. RESULTS: Findings showed that faculty perceptions of online course effectiveness are not affected significantly by faculty position, type of institution, faculty age, or years of teaching experience...
January 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298494/student-perceptions-of-online-radiologic-science-courses
#8
Erika Papillion, Laura Aaron
PURPOSE: To evaluate student perceptions of the effectiveness of online radiologic science courses by examining various learning activities and course characteristics experienced in the online learning environment. METHODS: A researcher-designed electronic survey was used to obtain results from students enrolled in the clinical portion of a radiologic science program that offers online courses. The survey consisted of elements associated with demographics, experience, and perceptions related to online radiologic science courses...
March 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295412/machine-learning-will-transform-radiology-significantly-within-the-next-five-years
#9
Ge Wang, Mannudeep Kalra, Colin G Orton
With impressive progress in machine learning, there has been increasingly more interest in its relevance to medical physics, which involves both medical imaging and radiation treatment planning. However, because it is still generally unclear how to identify unique niches, utilize big data, and optimize neural networks for machine learning, machine learning is yet to have a major impact on medical physics practice. Nevertheless, there are optimistic opinions that machine learning will have a major impact on medical physics and radiology within the next five years...
March 11, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294484/interactive-audience-response-systems-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology-undergraduate-lectures
#10
Christiano de Oliveira-Santos, Camila Tirapelli, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Carina Domaneschi, Solange Aparecida Caldeira Monteiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of audience response systems (ARS) on student participation (SP) during Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (OMR) undergraduate lectures and on final examination scores (FES). Furthermore, an analysis of unanimity assessed the influence of ARS on students' responses. Students' perceptions were also assessed. METHODS: A controlled crossover study was designed. Four lectures covering topics of OMR were each taught with ARS and without ARS (i...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#11
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287940/diagnosis-and-management-of-complications-from-percutaneous-biliary-tract-interventions
#12
Nanda Venkatanarasimha, Karthik Damodharan, Apoorva Gogna, Sum Leong, Chow Wei Too, Ankur Patel, Kiang Hiong Tay, Bien Soo Tan, Richard Lo, Farah Irani
Complications related to percutaneous biliary tract interventions (PBTIs) can range from access site discomfort to life-threatening vascular complications. These complications are relatively uncommon, and most of them are self-limiting. However, major complications for which an increased level of patient care and/or a prolonged hospital stay are required and that may lead to death-albeit rarely-can occur. Some of the most common complications related to PBTI include pain, infection, bile leakage, and catheter blockage...
March 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284672/what-radiologists-can-learn-from-fighter%C3%A2-pilots
#13
Elliot Rinzler
Many principles of aviation safety have already been adopted into the field of health care. In this article, the author describes some of the core methodologies that contribute to the success of US Air Force fighter pilots and offers examples as to how these could be adapted to meet the challenges facing the practice of radiology. Key principles include "big picture" tactical training, the use of checklists, teamwork, safety, and performance improvement concepts. The need for cultural support of change is emphasized...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258902/service-learning-in-radiology-education
#14
REVIEW
Pauley T Gasparis, William D Kerridge, Richard B Gunderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255631/mentored-trainees-have-similar-short-term-outcomes-to-a-consultant-trainer-following-laparoscopic-colorectal-resection
#15
Henry D De'Ath, Laurence Devoto, Chaitanya Mehta, James Bromilow, Tahseen Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has a long learning curve. Using a modular-based training programme may shorten this. Concerns with laparoscopic surgery have been oncological compromise and poor surgical outcomes when training more junior surgeons. This study aimed to compare operative and oncological outcomes between trainees undergoing a mentored training programme and a consultant trainer. METHODS: A prospective study of all elective laparoscopic colorectal resections was undertaken in a single institution...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254071/semi-automated-detection-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-from-mri
#16
Ivan Štajduhar, Mihaela Mamula, Damir Miletić, Gözde Ünal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A radiologist's work in detecting various injuries or pathologies from radiological scans can be tiresome, time consuming and prone to errors. The field of computer-aided diagnosis aims to reduce these factors by introducing a level of automation in the process. In this paper, we deal with the problem of detecting the presence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in a human knee. We examine the possibility of aiding the diagnosis process by building a decision-support model for detecting the presence of milder ACL injuries (not requiring operative treatment) and complete ACL ruptures (requiring operative treatment) from sagittal plane magnetic resonance (MR) volumes of human knees...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253948/-long-term-outcomes-of-the-treatment-of-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-treated-with-bryant-s-vertical-traction
#17
J Urban, P Toufar, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The paper aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures in children treated with Bryant's vertical traction. Moreover, we also assessed the size of overgrowth in the injured femur. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 23 patients with 23 femoral shaft fractures treated with Bryant's vertical traction at our department in 2009-2014. The following parameters were assessed: sex, ïnjured side, weight, age, mechanism of injury, potential abuse, type of fracture, duration of traction, and total length of hospital stay...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249941/plasmablastic-lymphoma-versus-plasmablastic-myeloma-an-ongoing-diagnostic-dilemma
#18
Janice S Ahn, Ryan Okal, Jeffrey A Vos, Matthew Smolkin, Abraham S Kanate, Flavia G Rosado
AIMS: To determine the utility of clinical, morphological and phenotypical features in the differential diagnosis of plasmablastic lymphoma and myeloma with plasmablastic features. METHODS: All plasmablastic neoplasms identified from a 15-year retrospective search were reviewed and classified into 'lymphoma', 'myeloma' or 'indeterminate'. The classification was then compared with the previously established clinical diagnosis. Lessons learned from this review were used to design a diagnostic algorithm for pathologists to use in the absence of known clinical history...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242063/foundational-changes-critical-to-payments-for-radiology-services
#19
Joshua A Hirsch, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Bibb Allen, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Gregory N Nicola
In early 2015, Sylvia Burwell, Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services, described the federal administration's goals for delivery of health care in the United States. Prominently featured was a conversion from volume to value through the incorporation of Alternative Payment Models. The Department of Health and Human Services laid the framework, but recognized significant knowledge gaps in how providers and institutions would develop Alternative Payment Models. To that end, the Health Care Payment Learning and Action Network was conceived...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193376/radiology-research-in-quality-and-safety-current-trends-and-future-needs
#20
REVIEW
Matthew E Zygmont, Jason N Itri, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Phuong-Anh T Duong, Lori Mankowski Gettle, Mishal Mendiratta-Lala, Elena P Scali, Ronald S Winokur, Linda Probyn, Justin W Kung, Eric Bakow, Nadja Kadom
Promoting quality and safety research is now essential for radiology as reimbursement is increasingly tied to measures of quality, patient safety, efficiency, and appropriateness of imaging. This article provides an overview of key features necessary to promote successful quality improvement efforts in radiology. Emphasis is given to current trends and future opportunities for directing research. Establishing and maintaining a culture of safety is paramount to organizations wishing to improve patient care. The correct culture must be in place to support quality initiatives and create accountability for patient care...
March 2017: Academic Radiology
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