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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774485/educational-impact-of-trainee-facilitated-head-and-neck-radiology-pathology-correlation-conferences
#1
Daniel Thomas Ginat, Nicole A Cipriani, Gregory Christoforidis
The goal of this study was to evaluate the benefits of resident and fellow-facilitated radiology-pathology head and neck conferences. A total of seven resident-facilitated and six fellow-facilitated head and neck radiology-pathology cases were presented as part of the radiology department conference series. The radiology residents were surveyed regarding the perceived quality and effectiveness of the fellow-facilitated sessions. The number of publications yielded from all the cases presented was tracked. Overall, the residents assessed the quality of the fellow-facilitated conferences with an average score of 3...
May 17, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#2
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770897/machine-learning-a-useful-radiological-adjunct-in-determination-of-a-newly-diagnosed-glioma-s-grade-and-idh-status
#3
Céline De Looze, Alan Beausang, Jane Cryan, Teresa Loftus, Patrick G Buckley, Michael Farrell, Seamus Looby, Richard Reilly, Francesca Brett, Hugh Kearney
INTRODUCTION: Machine learning methods have been introduced as a computer aided diagnostic tool, with applications to glioma characterisation on MRI. Such an algorithmic approach may provide a useful adjunct for a rapid and accurate diagnosis of a glioma. The aim of this study is to devise a machine learning algorithm that may be used by radiologists in routine practice to aid diagnosis of both: WHO grade and IDH mutation status in de novo gliomas. METHODS: To evaluate the status quo, we interrogated the accuracy of neuroradiology reports in relation to WHO grade: grade II 96...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768651/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-reports-of-fatal-cases
#4
Mahra Nourbakhsh, Angela Miller, Jeff Gofton, Graham Jones, Bamidele Adeagbo
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is one of the more clinically challenging effects of cannabis consumption. It is characterized by cyclic attacks of nausea and vomiting in chronic cannabinoid users and learned behavior of compulsive hot bathing. The deaths of a 27-year-old female, a 27-year-old male, and a 31-year-old male with a history of CHS are reported. The decedents had a history of cyclical nausea and vomiting, chronic cannabinoid use and negative laboratory, radiological and endoscopic findings...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766512/structured-radiology-reporting-on-an-institutional-level-benefit-or-new-administrative-burden
#5
REVIEW
Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Elmar Kotter
Significant technical advances have been made in radiology since the first discovery of X-rays. Diagnostic techniques have become more and more complex, workflows have been digitized, and data production has increased exponentially. However, the radiology report as the main method for communicating examination results has largely remained unchanged. Growing evidence supports that more structured radiology reports offer various benefits over conventional narrative reports. Various efforts have been made to further develop and promote structured reporting...
May 16, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751855/electronic-and-social-media-based-radiology-learning-initiative-development-implementation-viewership-trends-and-assessment-at-1-year
#6
Nicholas A Koontz, Danielle V Hill, Sean C Dodson, Alisha E Capps, Aaron P Kamer, Mark S Frank, Darel E Heitkamp
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We report the development of a new "Case of the Day" (COTD) educational initiative using email, social media (SoMe), and a website to disseminate content, as well as its trends in viewership and assessment of utility for the first year of implementation. MATERIALS/METHODS: Using an image-rich format, a new unknown case was disseminated to radiology trainees and attendings at our institution by email twice per week, including history, salient images, and follow-up questions...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746179/collaborative-task-sharing-to-enhance-the-point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-access-among-expectant-women-in-kenya-the-role-of-midwife-sonographers
#7
Sudhir Vinayak, Sharon Brownie
Unrealized maternal and child health goals continue to challenge Kenya where adverse outcomes remain high and diagnostic services are limited. The acute shortage of doctors and radiographers requires alternate human resources for health (HRH) with the ability to identify risk factors in pregnancy through Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS). A specialist radiologist and ultrasonography team partnered with midwives to adopt interprofessional task sharing and capacity building. Faculty from the Radiology Department of our hospital designed and implemented the project which was carried out at three outreach health service centres...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741522/an-incidental-finding-of-severe-hyperferritinaemia-a-lesson-to-be-learned
#8
T B Fretwell, M Hanna
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a rare, under-recognised and often misdiagnosed condition, characterised by a hyperinflammatory response to malignancy or infection. In this case, the cause was a bone marrow isolated anaplastic large cell lymphoma without radiological evidence of systemic disease, a phenomenon rarely described. We present the case of a previously fit and well 64-year-old female who presented on multiple occasions to primary and secondary care in a stable condition with an undifferentiated illness with the only consistent feature being a marked, unexplained hyperferritinaemia...
March 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730736/are-we-at-a-crossroads-or-a-plateau-radiomics-and-machine-learning-in-abdominal-oncology-imaging
#9
Ronald M Summers
Advances in radiomics and machine learning have driven a technology boom in the automated analysis of radiology images. For the past several years, expectations have been nearly boundless for these new technologies to revolutionize radiology image analysis and interpretation. In this editorial, I compare the expectations with the realities with particular attention to applications in abdominal oncology imaging. I explore whether these technologies will leave us at a crossroads to an exciting future or to a sustained plateau and disillusionment...
May 5, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719333/can-preoperative-clinicoradiological-parameters-predict-the-difficulty-during-laparoscopic-retroperitoneal-simple-nephrectomy-a-prospective-study
#10
Sumit Gahlawat, Rajeev Sood, Umesh Sharma, Nikhil Khattar, Arif Akhtar, Praveen Kumar Pandey, Akhila Prasad, Swati Jain
Introduction: Urologists tend to prefer retroperitoneal approach for open nephrectomy and transperitoneal route for laparoscopic nephrectomy. Urologists consider retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach difficult to learn and perform. There is a need to objectively define predictors of difficulty during laparoscopic retroperitoneal simple nephrectomy (LRSN) for the proper preoperative selection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to prospectively assess the factors associated with difficulty during LRSN...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712711/medical-nutrition-education-training-and-competencies-to-advance-guideline-based-diet-counseling-by-physicians-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#11
REVIEW
Karen E Aspry, Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Robert F Kushner, Alice H Lichtenstein, Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman, Allison Crawford, Penny Kris-Etherton
Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet quality have triggered national calls to increase diet counseling in outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or risk factors. However, despite evidence that physicians are willing to undertake this task and are viewed as credible sources of diet information, they engage patients in diet counseling at less than desirable rates and cite insufficient knowledge and training as barriers...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709383/-flipped-classrooms-in-training-in-maxillofacial-surgery-preparation-before-the-traditional-didactic-lecture
#12
Ross Elledge, Samantha Houlton, Stephanie Hackett, Martin J Evans
While virtual learning environments (VLE) can be used in medical education as stand-alone educational interventions, they can also be used in preparation for traditional "face-to-face" training sessions as part of a "flipped classroom" model. We sought to evaluate the introduction of this model in a single module on maxillofacial radiology from a course on trauma skills. Course delegates were randomised into two groups: one was given access to an e-learning resource (test group) and the other attended a traditional didactic lecture (control group)...
April 28, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704080/mr-spectroscopic-imaging-of-glial-tumors-in-the-spotlight-of-the-2016-who-classification
#13
Elie Diamandis, Carl Phillip Simon Gabriel, Urs Würtemberger, Konstanze Guggenberger, Horst Urbach, Ori Staszewski, Silke Lassmann, Oliver Schnell, Jürgen Grauvogel, Irina Mader, Dieter Henrik Heiland
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to map spatial metabolite differences across three molecular subgroups of glial tumors, defined by the IDH1/2 mutation and 1p19q-co-deletion, using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This work reports a new MR spectroscopy based classification algorithm by applying a radiomics analytics pipeline. MATERIALS: 65 patients received anatomical and chemical shift imaging (5 × 5 × 20 mm voxel size). Tumor regions were segmented and registered to corresponding spectroscopic voxels...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695290/an-international-survey-on-hybrid-imaging-do-technology-advances-preempt-our-training-and-education-efforts
#14
T Beyer, R Hicks, C Brun, G Antoch, L S Freudenberg
BACKGROUND: Hybrid PET/CT and PET/MRI are increasingly important technologies in the evaluation of malignancy and require cooperation between radiologists and specialists in molecular imaging. The aim of our study was to probe the mindsets of radiological and nuclear medicine professionals in regard to current hybrid imaging practice and to assess relevant training aspirations and perceived shortfalls, particularly amongst young professionals. In this context, we initiated an international survey on "Hybrid Imaging Training"...
April 26, 2018: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691571/-case-based-learning-based-on-cbct-software-in-clinical-teaching-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology
#15
Ling Zhu, Xia Cao, Xiao-Feng Tao
PURPOSE: To compare the teaching result of case-based learning based on cone-beam CT (CBCT) software and traditional pantomography. METHODS: Thirty-eight interns (7-year programme) of grade 2011 from College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were enrolled. The inner diameter of the nasopalatine ducts (A), the length of upper canine's pulp cavity (B), the length between root furcation of upper first molar and the maxillary sinus (C), the length between the root of lower wisdom tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve (D) were measured on pantomographic films and CBCT in the same case...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691144/papillary-tumor-of-the-pineal-region-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
M A Cañizares Méndez, Manuel Amosa Delgado, Juan Antonio Álvarez Salgado, Jorge Javier Villaseñor Ledezma, Elena Capilla Cabezuelo, Francisco Díaz Crespo
Papillary tumor of the pineal region is a rare neuroepithelial tumor characterized by papillary architecture and epithelial cytology, immunopositivity for cytokeratin and ependymal differentiation. It is considered grade II-III by the World Health Organization and was first described by Jouvet in 2003. We present a 34-year-old male with headaches, blurred vision and normal examination. Radiological study showed a nodulocystic lesion in the pineal region compatible with pineocytoma. Surgery was performed using an infratentorial supracerebellar approach, finding a cystic tumor in the quadrigeminal cistern which was completely resected...
April 21, 2018: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685530/the-future-of-radiology-augmented-with-artificial-intelligence-a-strategy-for-success
#17
REVIEW
Charlene Liew
The rapid development of Artificial Intelligence/deep learning technology and its implementation into routine clinical imaging will cause a major transformation to the practice of radiology. Strategic positioning will ensure the successful transition of radiologists into their new roles as augmented clinicians. This paper describes an overall vision on how to achieve a smooth transition through the practice of augmented radiology where radiologists-in-the-loop ensure the safe implementation of Artificial Intelligence systems...
May 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680949/local-staging-with-multiparametric-mri-in-daily-clinical-practice-diagnostic-accuracy-and-evaluation-of-a-radiologic-learning-curve
#18
B H E Jansen, F H K Oudshoorn, A M Tijans, M J Yska, A P Lont, E R P Collette, J A Nieuwenhuijzen, A N Vis
PURPOSE: To estimate the diagnostic accuracy of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) for the detection of locally advanced prostate cancer (T-stage 3-4) prior to radical prostatectomy, in a multicenter cohort representing daily clinical practice. In addition, the radiologic learning curve for the detection of locally advanced disease is evaluated. METHODS: Preoperative mpMRI findings of 430 patients (2012-2016) were compared to pathology results following radical prostatectomy...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674012/interventional-radiology-operated-endoscopy-as-an-adjunct-to-image-guided-interventions
#19
REVIEW
Rajiv N Srinivasa, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Kyle Cooper, Ravi N Srinivasa
PURPOSE: Interventional radiology-operated endoscopy is an underused technique, which may have a significant impact on the ability to treat patients with a variety of conditions. The purpose of this article is to discuss the setup, equipment, and potential clinical uses of interventional radiology-operated endoscopy. METHODS: A number of new and innovative interventions may be performed in the biliary, genitourinary, and gastrointestinal systems through percutaneous access that interventional radiologists already create...
March 20, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663370/deformable-torso-phantoms-of-chinese-adults-for-personalized-anatomy-modelling
#20
Hongkai Wang, Xiaobang Sun, Tongning Wu, Congsheng Li, Zhonghua Chen, Meiying Liao, Mengci Li, Wen Yan, Hui Huang, Jia Yang, Ziyu Tan, Libo Hui, Yue Liu, Hang Pan, Yue Qu, Zhaofeng Chen, Liwen Tan, Lijuan Yu, Hongcheng Shi, Li Huo, Yanjun Zhang, Xin Tang, Shaoxiang Zhang, Changjian Liu
In recent years, there has been increasing demand for personalized anatomy modelling for medical and industrial applications, such as ergonomics device development, clinical radiological exposure simulation, biomechanics analysis, and 3D animation character design. In this study, we constructed deformable torso phantoms that can be deformed to match the personal anatomy of Chinese male and female adults. The phantoms were created based on a training set of 79 trunk computed tomography (CT) images (41 males and 38 females) from normal Chinese subjects...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
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