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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900046/student-incivility-in-radiography-education
#1
Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To examine student incivility in radiography classrooms by exploring the prevalence of uncivil behaviors along with the classroom management strategies educators use to manage and prevent classroom disruptions. METHODS: A survey was designed to collect data on the severity and frequency of uncivil student behaviors, classroom management strategies used to address minor and major behavioral issues, and techniques to prevent student incivility. The participants were educators in radiography programs accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology...
July 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874195/malalignment-and-malposition-of-quadriceps-sparing-approach-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Fu-Zhen Yuan, Shao-Jie Wang, Zhu-Xing Zhou, Jia-Kuo Yu, Dong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps-sparing (QS) approach is considered to be the most minimally invasive surgery for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We perform this meta-analysis to evaluate whether malalignment and malposition are more biased towards the QS approach compared to the traditional medial parapatellar (MP) approach, which is still controversial. METHODS: According to the PRISMA guidelines, a comprehensive search was conducted in the databases of PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Embase...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868309/aortic-root-reconstruction-with-a-new-dacron-graft-featuring-prefabricated-coronary-side-branches-lessons-learned-from-the-cabrol-procedure
#3
Domenico Calcaterra, Mohammad-Ali Jazayeri, Joseph W Turek, Kalpaj R Parekh, Mohammad Bashir, Karam Karam, Robert S Farivar
BACKGROUND: Coronary button reimplantation can represent a technical challenge of aortic root reconstruction that can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the goal of simplifying coronary reimplantation and reducing the incidence of related complications, we designed a new Dacron graft with prefabricated coronary branches to minimize coronary artery mobilization and prevent the potential mechanical complications of reattachment to the body of the graft. METHODS: Between June 2010 and May 2012, we implanted the graft in eight patients (six males, two females) ranging in age from 42-68 years (mean, 54 years)...
February 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861720/accurate-identification-of-fatty-liver-disease-in-data-warehouse-utilizing-natural-language-processing
#4
Joseph S Redman, Yamini Natarajan, Jason K Hou, Jingqi Wang, Muzammil Hanif, Hua Feng, Jennifer R Kramer, Roxanne Desiderio, Hua Xu, Hashem B El-Serag, Fasiha Kanwal
INTRODUCTION: Natural language processing is a powerful technique of machine learning capable of maximizing data extraction from complex electronic medical records. METHODS: We utilized this technique to develop algorithms capable of "reading" full-text radiology reports to accurately identify the presence of fatty liver disease. Abdominal ultrasound, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging reports were retrieved from the Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse from a random national sample of 652 patients...
August 31, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856515/automatic-detection-of-new-tumors-and-tumor-burden-evaluation-in-longitudinal-liver-ct-scan-studies
#5
R Vivanti, A Szeskin, N Lev-Cohain, J Sosna, L Joskowicz
PURPOSE: Radiological longitudinal follow-up of liver tumors in CT scans is the standard of care for disease progression assessment and for liver tumor therapy. Finding new tumors in the follow-up scan is essential to determine malignancy, to evaluate the total tumor burden, and to determine treatment efficacy. Since new tumors are typically small, they may be missed by examining radiologists. METHODS: We describe a new method for the automatic detection and segmentation of new tumors in longitudinal liver CT studies and for liver tumors burden quantification...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843619/pilot-investigation-into-the-use-of-an-anthropomorphic-breast-sonography-phantom-as-a-training-and-assessment-tool
#6
Jacinta E Browne, Louise M Cannon, Ronan McDermott, Max Ryan, Andrew J Fagan
A device for the training and quantitative assessment of the competency of trainee radiologists in the technically challenging area of breast sonography was developed and evaluated. Currently, suitable commercially available devices are lacking, and there is a growing realization that the reliance on direct exposure to patients for learning may not represent best practice from either the trainees' or patients' perspective. Three devices (PI, PII and PIII) were designed to produce very realistic sonographic images of breast morphology with a range of embedded pathologies...
August 23, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840360/minimizing-barriers-in-learning-for-on-call-radiology-residents-end-to-end-web-based-resident-feedback-system
#7
Hailey H Choi, Jennifer Clark, Ann K Jay, Ross W Filice
Feedback is an essential part of medical training, where trainees are provided with information regarding their performance and further directions for improvement. In diagnostic radiology, feedback entails a detailed review of the differences between the residents' preliminary interpretation and the attendings' final interpretation of imaging studies. While the on-call experience of independently interpreting complex cases is important to resident education, the more traditional synchronous "read-out" or joint review is impossible due to multiple constraints...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836506/unintended-and-accidental-medical-radiation-exposures-in-radiology-guidelines-on-investigation-and-prevention
#8
Colin J Martin, J Vassileva, Eliseo Vano, M Mahesh, Steve Ebdon-Jackson, K Ng, Donald P Frush, R Loose, John Damilakis
This paper sets out guidelines for managing radiation exposure incidents involving patients in diagnostic and interventional radiology. The work is based on collation of experiences from representatives of international and national organizations for radiologists, medical physicists, radiographers, regulators, and equipment manufacturers, derived from an International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Meeting. More serious overexposures can result in skin doses high enough to produce tissue reactions, in interventional procedures and computed tomography, most notably from perfusion studies...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826960/artificial-intelligence-threat-or-boon-to%C3%A2-radiologists
#9
Michael Recht, R Nick Bryan
The development and integration of machine learning/artificial intelligence into routine clinical practice will significantly alter the current practice of radiology. Changes in reimbursement and practice patterns will also continue to affect radiology. But rather than being a significant threat to radiologists, we believe these changes, particularly machine learning/artificial intelligence, will be a boon to radiologists by increasing their value, efficiency, accuracy, and personal satisfaction.
August 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821786/co-registration-of-ex-vivo-surgical-histopathology-and-in-vivo-t2-weighted-mri-of-the-prostate-via-multi-scale-spectral-embedding-representation
#10
Lin Li, Shivani Pahwa, Gregory Penzias, Mirabela Rusu, Jay Gollamudi, Satish Viswanath, Anant Madabhushi
Multi-modal image co-registration via optimizing mutual information (MI) is based on the assumption that intensity distributions of multi-modal images follow a consistent relationship. However, images with a substantial difference in appearance violate this assumption, thus MI directly based on image intensity alone may be inadequate to drive similarity based co-registration. To address this issue, we introduce a novel approach for multi-modal co-registration called Multi-scale Spectral Embedding Registration (MSERg)...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819715/automatic-detection-of-hemorrhagic-pericardial-effusion-on-pmct-using-deep-learning-a-feasibility-study
#11
Lars C Ebert, Jakob Heimer, Wolf Schweitzer, Till Sieberth, Anja Leipner, Michael Thali, Garyfalia Ampanozi
Post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) can be used as a triage tool to better identify cases with a possibly non-natural cause of death, especially when high caseloads make it impossible to perform autopsies on all cases. Substantial data can be generated by modern medical scanners, especially in a forensic setting where the entire body is documented at high resolution. A solution for the resulting issues could be the use of deep learning techniques for automatic analysis of radiological images. In this article, we wanted to test the feasibility of such methods for forensic imaging by hypothesizing that deep learning methods can detect and segment a hemopericardium in PMCT...
August 18, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818363/peer-review-in-radiology-how-can-we-learn-from-our-mistakes
#12
Elena P Scali, Alison C Harris, Michael L Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816960/successful-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-displaced-femoral-fracture-in-a-patient-with-osteopetrosis-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#13
Jiangfa Huang, Jianke Pan, Mingtao Xu, Shuchai Xu
RATIONALE: Osteopetrosis is a rare disease that predominantly occurs in descendants of inbreeding families. In the case of fractures happen in patients with osteopetrosis, the choice between operative or conservative treatment is still controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a conventional treatment for fractures, and it possesses more applicability than conservative treatment. During this surgical treatment, ensure that bone union in the right way is pivotal to success and simultaneously prevents refracture and displacement after the operation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803440/electrical-impedance-tomography-for-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-pulmonary-function-disorders-in-the-intensive-care-unit-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Szymon Białka, Maja Copik, Katarzyna Rybczyk, Hanna Misiołek
The aim of this paper is to describe the possibility of using Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) as a treatment monitoring tool in the ICU. It was based on case report and literature review. A 19-year-old female was admitted to ICU due to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. Despite aggressive treatment there was no improvement. We decided to use EIT in the monitoring of treatment because of difficulties in transporting the patient to the radiology department in order to perform a control CT scan...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802426/comparison-between-antegrade-intramedullary-nailing-imn-open-reduction-plate-osteosynthesis-orpo-and-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-in-treatment-of-humerus-diaphyseal-fractures
#15
Vidisha Sunil Kulkarni, Madhura Sujay Kulkarni, Govind Shivram Kulkarni, Vaibhav Goyal, Milind Govind Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The three currently used methods of treatment: namely open reduction plate osteosynthesis (ORPO), Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), antegrade intramedullary nailing(IMN) are all reported as satisfactory procedures for treatment of humeral shaft fractures. However none of the published reports have a comparison of superiority of one procedure over the other. We evaluated the clinical, radiological and functional outcome of the three procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied adult patients with humerus shaft fractures over a period of 2 years from May 2014 to May 2016 in a level 1 trauma center...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770406/development-and-validation-of-a-prognostic-model-incorporating-texture-analysis-derived-from-standardised-segmentation-of-pet-in-patients-with-oesophageal-cancer
#16
Kieran G Foley, Robert K Hills, Beatrice Berthon, Christopher Marshall, Craig Parkinson, Wyn G Lewis, Tom D L Crosby, Emiliano Spezi, Stuart Ashley Roberts
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective cohort study developed a prognostic model incorporating PET texture analysis in patients with oesophageal cancer (OC). Internal validation of the model was performed. METHODS: Consecutive OC patients (n = 403) were chronologically separated into development (n = 302, September 2010-September 2014, median age = 67.0, males = 227, adenocarcinomas = 237) and validation cohorts (n = 101, September 2014-July 2015, median age = 69...
August 2, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752731/cardiac-imaging-in-patients-with-dyspnea
#17
Pierfranco Dellavesa, Federico Nardi
Acute dyspnea is a frequent cause of access to the Discharge Department (DEA); Differentiation between cardiogenic and respiratory causes does not always seem simple and certain, causing a delay in initiating targeted therapies and prolonging the Patient's stay in the emergency department. The basic elements for the diagnosis remain the history and the objective examination, supplemented by the execution of an electrocardiogram, a determination of blood parameters and the execution of a chest X-ray. The limits of radiological semeiotics, related to a low sensitivity to high specificity, promote other methods available to the physician of First Aid...
July 27, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749045/factors-related-to-recurrence-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-what-do-we-learn-from-a-multicentre-study
#18
Erdal Uysal, Atilla Soran, Efe Sezgin
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast with unknown aetiology. Its treatment is controversial and the recurrence rate is high. The objectives of this study were to examine the demographic, sociocultural and clinical characteristics observed among a large cohort of IGM patients from Turkey and to identify factors related to the recurrence of IGM. METHODS: The study was designed as a multicentre retrospective study including 22 breast centres in Turkey...
July 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746122/anterior-and-posterior-vertebral-column-resection-versus-posterior-only-technique-a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-and-complications-in-congenital-kyphoscoliosis
#19
Gokhan Demirkiran, Ozgur Dede, Emre Karadeniz, Deniz Olgun, Mehmet Ayvaz, Muharrem Yazici
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the anterior-posterior surgery to posterior-only vertebra resection for congenital kyphoscoliosis in pediatric patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral column resection is a very powerful correction technique mainly used in the treatment of severe and rigid spinal deformities. The technique can be applied with combined anterior and posterior vertebral column resection (APVCR) or posterior-only vertebral column resection (PVCR) approaches...
August 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742975/tumor-imaging-instruction-and-assessment-at-chiropractic-colleges-in-north-america-a-pilot-study-with-implications-for-national-board-of-chiropractic-examiners-content
#20
Kathleen L Linaker, Sarah A Arpin, Charles P Fischer, Michael Sackett, Lesley Georger
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study tested a survey instrument pertaining to the instruction and assessment of tumor imaging in chiropractic training programs. The secondary purpose was to gather data regarding credentials of lead instructors, textbook and resource use, and tumors taught and assessed. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to lead tumor imaging instructors at all chiropractic colleges in the United States and Canada. A focus group of tumor imaging instructors was conducted to clarify ambiguous data...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
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