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Matalliotakis M, Velegrakis A, Goulielmos Gn, Niraki E, Patelarou Ae, Matalliotakis I
A prior Cesaria section (C-section) is an important risk factor that leads to endometrial damage and abnormal implantation of the placenta. Our retrospective study aims to correlate the frequency of placenta previa to previous C-sections, to determine the effect of male gender in this condition and to evaluate further the maternal outcome. Seventy-six cases with placenta previa were selected out of 5200 live births. Diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasound and in the operating theater. In the 76 women examined, we found 50 cases with a history of a previous C-section (66...
December 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
Anna Maria Bellou, Dominik Bös, Guido Kukuk, Ulrich Gembruch, Waltraut Maria Merz
RATIONAL: Lupus enteritis is a rare, severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report of a patient who presented with enteritis as manifestation of new-onset SLE during the first trimester of pregnancy. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The 23-year nulliparous patient was admitted to a district hospital with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and bloody diarrhea at a gestational age (GA) of 10 weeks. Her symptoms improved with symptomatic treatment and she was discharged a few days later...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maria Tølbøll Glavind, Maja Vedel Møllgaard, Maja Lundegaard Iversen, Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Axel Forman
Increasing evidence suggests that pregnant women with endometriosis have a higher risk of adverse obstetrical complications. The aim of this study was to systematically review the existing literature on this aspect. A PubMed/MEDLINE search was performed from its inception until September 2017 for studies on adverse obstetrical complications in pregnant women with endometriosis, including: preeclampsia, preterm birth, small for gestational age (SGA), antepartum hemorrhage, spontaneous hemoperitoneum, spontaneous bowel perforation, preterm birth, cesarean delivery, stillbirth and postpartum hemorrhage...
February 21, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior, Suzanne Vieira Saintrain, Gabriel de Castro Castelo, Vanessa Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, Juliana Gomes Ramalho de Oliveira, Amanda Maria Timbó Rocha, Adolfo Gomes Vasconcelos Júnior, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Elizabeth De Francesco Daher
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complication still poorly studied in the setting of obstetric patients, which is associated with increased mortality. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and risk factors of AKI among critically ill obstetric patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with all patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) due to obstetric complications, in Fortaleza, Brazil, in the period between January 2012 and December 2014...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
H Turgut, R Ozdemir, I K Gokce, C Karakurt, A Karadag
Sirenomelia, also known as "mermaid malformation/syndrome," is a rare, serious congenital anomaly characterized by variable degrees of fusion of the lower limbs and associated with severe malformations of vertebral, genitourinary, cardiovascular system and single umbilical artery. The first pregnancy of a 25-year-old woman resulted in one twin born by Cesarian section at 32 weeks' gestation, who was referred to our hospital with cyanosis, a congenital anomaly and respiratory distress. On physical examination, there was no urogenital region and anal fissure and gender was indeterminate...
June 30, 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
Roman Małachowski, Olga Grzybowska-Izydorczyk, Nelly Besson, Anna Szmigielska-Kapłon, Mateusz Nowicki, Agnieszka Wierzbowska
INTRODUCTION: Thrombocytapheresis is an alternative treatment beneficial in rare circumstances, when cytoreductive agents are contraindicated, drug therapy gave no response or the expected response would be too slow. Here we present a case of a pregnant woman who underwent 5 thrombocytaphereses using Spectra Optia device to reduce circulating platelets (PLT) count and prepare for Cesarian section. PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS AND PERFORMED TREATMENT: A 39-year-old woman with diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was treated with interferon because of too high PLT count...
July 27, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Husain Shabbir Ali, Ibrahim Fawzy Hassan, Saibu George, Abdalrazig Elsadig Fadlelmula
BACKGROUND: Polymyositis is a rare medical disorder complicating pregnancy. Ventilatory muscle weakness leading to respiratory failure is an uncommon manifestation of this autoimmune disease. We report a case of life-threatening hypercapnic respiratory failure due to polymyositis-related respiratory muscle weakness in a pregnant woman. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old, African woman in her second trimester of pregnancy presented to the emergency department with fever, shortness of breath and muscle weakness...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Fen Yang, Jodie M Dodd, Kym Guelfi, Helena Teede, Fernanda Surita, Dorte M Jensen, Nina R W Geiker, Arne Astrup, SeonAe Yeo, Tarja I Kinnunen, Signe N Stafne, Jose G Cecatti, Annick Bogaerts, Hans Hauner, Ben W Mol, Tânia T Scudeller, Christina A Vinter, Kristina M Renault, Roland Devlieger, Shakila Thangaratinam, Khalid S Khan
AIM: Trials on diet and physical activity in pregnancy report on various outcomes. We aimed to assess the variations in outcomes reported and their quality in trials on lifestyle interventions in pregnancy. METHODS: We searched major databases without language restrictions for randomized controlled trials on diet and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy up to March 2015. Two independent reviewers undertook study selection and data extraction. We estimated the percentage of papers reporting 'critically important' and 'important' outcomes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
G Jatzlauk, S Bartel, H Heine, M Schloter, S Krauss-Etschmann
The prevalence of allergic diseases and asthma has dramatically increased over the last decades, resulting in a high burden for patients and healthcare systems. Thus, there is an unmet need to develop preventative strategies for these diseases. Epidemiological studies show that reduced exposure to environmental bacteria in early life (eg, birth by cesarean section, being formula-fed, growing up in an urban environment or with less contact to various persons) is associated with an increased risk to develop allergies and asthma later in life...
December 2017: Allergy
Batbayar Tumurbaatar, Aaron T Poole, Gayle Olson, Michel Makhlouf, Hanaa S Sallam, Shwetha Thukuntla, Sucharitha Kankanala, Obos Ekhaese, Guillermo Gomez, Manisha Chandalia, Nicola Abate
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance (IR) and altered glucose-lipid metabolism. We propose that ectonucleotide pyrophosphate phosphodiesterase-1 (ENPP1), a protein known to induce adipocyte IR, is a determinant of GDM. Our objective was to study ENPP1 expression in adipose tissue (AT) of obese pregnant women with or without GDM, as well as glucose tolerance in pregnant transgenic (Tg) mice with AT-specific overexpression of human ENPP1...
March 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Biljana Gerasimovska Kitanovska, Vesna Gerasimovska, Vesna Livrinova
BACKGROUND: Alport syndrome is a genetic disease that progresses to chronic kidney failure, with X-linked, autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive type of inheritance. Women are generally carriers of the mutation and have a milder form of the disease. During pregnancy, they have an increased risk of impaired kidney function and preeclampsia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year old woman, gravida 1, para 0, in her 23rd gestational week came to the outpatient unit of the University Clinic of Nephrology for the first time because of slowly progressing proteinuria and Alport syndrome...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
G Wegienka, S Havstad, H Kim, E Zoratti, D Ownby, K J Woodcroft, C C Johnson
BACKGROUND: The effect of dog exposure on the risk of children developing allergic disease remains controversial. Many analyses have not considered that associations may vary within population subgroups. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether associations between living with a dog in the first year of life and allergic outcomes vary within subgroups selected a priori (race, gender and delivery mode). METHODS: Black (n = 496) and White (n = 196) children enrolled in the WHEALS birth cohort study had a clinical examination at age 2 years to assess eczema and allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) and perform skin prick testing (SPT)...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Tomoko Miyake, Shota Kojima, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Mari Ueki, Jun Sugasawa, Hidehiro Oku, Kensuke Tajiri, Yuka Shigemura, Koichi Ueda, Atsuko Harada, Mami Yamasaki, Takumi Yamanaka, Hidetsuna Utsunomiya, Tsunehiko Ikeda
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of facial cleft is rare and ranges between 1.43 and 4.85 per 100,000 births. To date, there have been few reports of detailed ophthalmologic examinations performed in cases of facial cleft. Here, we report a case of optic-nerve hypoplasia and anterior segment abnormality associated with facial cleft. CASE REPORT: A 9-day-old female infant was delivered by cesarian section at 34 weeks of gestational age (the second baby of twins) and weighed 2,276 g upon presentation...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Kate Smolina, Steven G Morgan, Gillian E Hanley, Tim F Oberlander, Barbara Mintzes
BACKGROUND: Domperidone is commonly used off-label to stimulate milk production in mothers who have low milk supply. The aim of this study was to describe trends, patterns and determinants of postpartum domperidone use. METHODS: This is a retrospective, population-based study involving all women with a live birth between Jan. 1, 2002, and Dec. 31, 2011, in the province of British Columbia. We examined administrative data sets containing person-specific information on filled prescriptions and use of medical services, and we used logistic regression to examine associations between domperidone use and maternal characteristics...
January 2016: CMAJ Open
Ferit Kulali, Ebru Ergenekon, Selma Aktas, Ebru Kazanci, Sezin Unal, İbrahim Hirfanoğlu, Esra Önal, Canan Türkyilmaz, Esin Koç, Yildiz Atalay
BACKGROUND: Microcirculation is an important component of hemodynamic physiology. It can be assessed simply by clinical scores or by a variety of techniques including sidestream dark field (SDF) imaging and peripheral perfusion index (PI) measurements. Mode of delivery may have affects on microcirculation during transitional period. The aim of this study was to compare skin microcirculation in newborns born via vaginal delivery (VD) or cesarian section (C/S). METHODS: Term healthy newborns not requiring NICU admission were included...
March 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
C J Kande Vidanalage, U Senarth, K D Silva, U Lekamge, I J Liyanage
AIM: High pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and excessive pregnancy weight gain lead to higher incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Aim of the study was to assess the effects of initial BMI and pregnancy weight gain on development of GDM in a rural Sri Lankan population. It was also hypothesized that these effects could be more pronounced in shorter mothers. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted at two rural hospitals in Sri Lanka. A case was defined as a pregnant mother admitted for the completion of pregnancy and diagnosed to have GDM (n=99)...
April 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Victor Lago Leal, Tamara Pradillo Aramendi, Estefania Nicolas Montero, Vanesa Ocaña Martínez, Pablo Del Barrio Fernández, Luis Martínez-Cortés
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the obstetric outcomes after successful external cephalic version (cases) with a group of pregnant women with a spontaneous cephalic fetal position at delivery (controls). METHODS: Retrospective review of the cohort of study was performed at the University Hospital of Getafe (Madrid, Spain) between January 2012 and January 2013. SAMPLE POPULATION: 1516 patients (48 cases; 1468 controls). We compared the type of delivery in pregnant women after ECV performed successfully (cases) with spontaneous cephalic presentations (controls)...
April 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Ahmet Elbay, Ugur Celik, Burcu Celik, Omer Faruk Ozer, Gokhan Kilic, Julide Canan Umurhan Akkan, Bilge Tanyeri Bayraktar, Nilufer Zorlutuna Kaymak
To investigate cord arterial blood sample and the relationship between birth stress and intraocular pressure in infants at 5 min after delivery. The IOP measurements were taken using Tonopen-Avia tonometer to 158 newborns (158 eyes) at 5th min after birth, in a university hospital. Cord blood was collected within 3 min after delivery. Intraocular pressure, gender, gestation period, mode of delivery, and birth weight of newborns were noted from medical records. Sixty-two babies were delivered by normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and 96 by cesarian section (C/S)...
December 2016: International Ophthalmology
Omar Q Samarah, Fadi A Al Hadidi, Mohammad Q Hamdan, Ashraf T Hantouly
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pattern of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in late presenting Jordanian male patients and identify the risk factors and associated findings. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 1145 male patients who attended the Pediatric Orthopedic Clinic for a DDH check up. This study was carried out in the Orthopedic Section, Special Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan between March 2011 and October 2014...
February 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Monique G J T B van Lier, Enrico Lopriore, Frank P H A Vandenbussche, Geert J Streekstra, Maria Siebes, Peter G J Nikkels, Dick Oepkes, Martin J C van Gemert, Jeroen P H M van den Wijngaard
BACKGROUND: Acardiac twinning is a rare anomaly of monochorionic twin pregnancies. Acardiac fetuses lack a functional heart but are passively perfused by arterial blood from their pump co-twin. Although four acardiac morphological types have been classified, the various paths of anatomical and circulatory acardiac twin development, and the potential influence of acardiac size and perfusion flow as possible predictors of pump twin morbidity and mortality are poorly understood. This report presents the first high resolution three-dimensional reconstruction of the vasculature of an acardiac twin by cryomicrotome imaging...
March 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
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