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stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Barbara Giordani, Annalisa Amato, Fabio Majo, Gianluca Ferrari, Serena Quattrucci, Laura Minicucci, Rita Padoan, Giovanna Floridia, Gianna Puppo Fornaro, Domenica Taruscio, Marco Salvatore
INTRODUCTION: The Italian Cystic Fibrosis Registry (ICFR) is based on a new agreement about the data flow towards the Registry signed on October, 4th 2016 by the Centre for Rare Diseases of the Italian National Institute of Health (NIH), the clinicians of the Italian National Referral and Support Centres for Cystic Fibrosis, the Paediatric Hospital "Bambino Gesù" (Rome), the Italian Cystic Fibrosis Society, and the Italian League for Cystic Fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present Report is to improve the knowledge on cystic fibrosis (CF) through the epidemiological description of Italian patients...
January 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Rupa Iyer, Brian Iken, Ashish Damania, Jerry Krieger
Six organophosphate-degrading bacterial strains collected from farm and ranch soil rhizospheres across the Houston-metropolitan area were identified as strains of Pseudomonas putida (CBF10-2), Pseudomonas stutzeri (ODKF13), Ochrobactrum anthropi (FRAF13), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (CBF10-1), Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ADAF13), and Rhizobium radiobacter (GHKF11). Whole genome sequencing data was assessed for relevant genes, proteins, and pathways involved in the breakdown of agrochemicals. For comparative purposes, this analysis was expanded to also include data from deposited strains in the National Center for Biotechnology Information's (NCBI) database...
March 3, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Danielle L Peters, Jonathan J Dennis
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteriophage DLP5 is a temperate phage with Siphoviridae family morphotype. DLP5 (vB_SmaS_DLP_5) is the first S. maltophilia phage shown to exist as a phagemid. The DLP5 genome is 96,542 bp, encoding 149 open reading frames (ORFs), including four tRNAs. Genomic characterization reveals moron genes potentially involved in host cell membrane modification.
March 1, 2018: Genome Announcements
Aurélie Jayol, Camille Corlouer, Marisa Haenni, Mélanie Darty, Karine Maillard, Marine Desroches, Brigitte Lamy, Estelle Jumas-Bilak, Jean-Yves Madec, Jean-Winoc Decousser
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Sm) is an archetypal environmental opportunistic bacterium responsible for health care-associated infections. The role of animals in human Sm infections is unknown. This study aims to reveal the genetic and phylogenetic relationships between pathogenic strains of Sm, both animal and human, and identify a putative role for animals as a reservoir in human infection. We phenotypically and genotypically characterized 61 Sm strains responsible for animal infections (mainly respiratory tract infections in horses) from a French nationwide veterinary laboratory network...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Paiboon Vattanaviboon, Punyawee Dulyayangkul, Skorn Mongkolsuk, Nisanart Charoenlap
Background: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an opportunistic human pathogen causing nosocomial infections worldwide. S. maltophilia infection is of particular concern due to its inherent resistance to currently used antibiotics. Proton motive force-driven transporters of the major facilitator superfamily frequently contribute to the efflux of substances, including antibiotics, across cell membranes. Methods: An mfsA expression plasmid (pMfsA) was constructed and transferred into bacterial strains by electroporation...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Oriel Spierer, Darlene Miller, Terrence P O'Brien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia are emerging corneal pathogens, which are closely related to Pseudomonas aeruginosa , and have intrinsic resistance to many commonly available antimicrobials. The purpose of this study is to compare the in vitro efficacy of 12 antimicrobial agents against A. xylosoxidans , S. maltophilia and P. aeruginosa isolates recovered from clinical cases of keratitis. METHODS: Recovered corneal isolates (n=58) were identified and extracted from the Microbiology Data Bank of the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Maria Parapouli, Athanasios Foukis, Panagiota-Yiolanda Stergiou, Maria Koukouritaki, Panagiotis Magklaras, Olga A Gkini, Emmanuel M Papamichael, Amalia-Sofia Afendra, Efstathios Hatziloukas
Background: Microbial lipases catalyze a broad spectrum of reactions and are enzymes of considerable biotechnological interest. The focus of this study was the isolation of new lipase genes, intending to discover novel lipases whose products bear interesting biochemical and structural features and may have a potential to act as valuable biocatalysts in industrial applications. Results: A novel lipase gene ( lipSm ), from a new environmental Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain, Psi-1, originating from a sludge sample from Psittaleia (Greece), was cloned and sequenced...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Research
Nilab Sarmand, Daniela Gompelmann, Konstantina Kontogianni, Markus Polke, Felix Jf Herth, Ralf Eberhardt
Background: Bronchoscopic valve implantation is an established treatment in selected patients with severe lung emphysema. There is evidence in literature of increased bacterial colonization of various implants. So far, it is unclear if an increased bacterial colonization can also be observed after endoscopic valve therapy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients with examination of the bronchial secretions for presence or change of bacterial growth before and after valve implantation...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Rosa Baldiris, Natali Acosta-Tapia, Alfredo Montes, Jennifer Hernández, Ricardo Vivas-Reyes
An Gram negative strain of S. maltophilia , indigenous to environments contaminated by Cr(VI) and identified by biochemical methods and 16S rRNA gene analysis, reduced chromate by 100%, 98-99% and 92% at concentrations in the 10-70, 80-300, and 500 mg/L range, respectively at pH 7 and temperature 37 °C. Increasing concentrations of Cr(VI) in the medium lowered the growth rate but could not be directly correlated with the amount of Cr(VI) reduced. The strain also exhibited multiple resistance to antibiotics and tolerance and resistance to various heavy metals (Ni, Zn and Cu), with the exception of Hg...
February 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Naiya B Patel, Jorge A Hinojosa, Meifang Zhu, Danielle M Robertson
Purpose: We have previously shown that invasive strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exploit the robust neutrophil response to form biofilms on contact lens surfaces and invade the corneal epithelium. The present study investigated the ability of multiple bacterial genera, all commonly recovered during contact lens-related infectious events, to adhere to and form biofilms on contact lens surfaces in the presence of neutrophils. Methods: Five reference strains from the American Type Culture Collection were used: P...
2018: Molecular Vision
Smita Kumari, Raj Kumar Regar, Natesan Manickam
In this study, we report the ability of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Ochrobactrum anthropi, Pseudomonas mendocina, Microbacterium esteraromaticum and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to degrade multiple polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) present in crude oil. The PAHs in the crude oil sample obtained from Digboi oil refinery, India were estimated to be naphthalene (10.0 mg L-1), fluorene (1.9 mg L-1), phenanthrene (3.5 mg L-1) and benzo(b)fluoranthene (6.5 mg L-1). Exposure of individual bacteria to crude oil showed high rate of biodegradation of specific PAHs by M...
January 26, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Fei Zhou, Hui Li, Li Gu, Meng Liu, Chun-Xue Xue, Bin Cao, Chen Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nosocomial infections following influenza are important causes of death, requiring early implementation of preventive measures, but predictors for nosocomial infection in the early stage remained undetermined. We aimed to determine risk factors that can help clinicians identify patients with high risk of nosocomial infection following influenza on admission. METHOD: Using a database prospectively collected through a Chinese national network for hospitalised severe influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 patients, we compared the characteristics on admission between patients with and without nosocomial infection...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Sotiria Palioura, Allister Gibbons, Darlene Miller, Terrence P OʼBrien, Eduardo C Alfonso, Oriel Spierer
PURPOSE: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, an uncommon cause of infectious keratitis, is difficult to treat because of its resistance to multiple antibiotics. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical features, antibiotic susceptibility profile, and outcomes of S. maltophilia keratitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of records from 1987 to 2016 identified 26 eyes of 26 patients who were treated at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute for an S. maltophilia corneal ulcer...
March 2018: Cornea
Lipika Singhal, Parvinder Kaur, Vikas Gautam
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, once regarded as an organism of low virulence, has evolved as a significant opportunistic pathogen causing severe human infections in both hospital and community settings, especially amongst highly debilitated patients. Globally, S. maltophilia ranks third amongst the four most common pathogenic non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli (NFGNBs), others being Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc). The worth of accurate identification of S...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Elodie Denet, Valentin Vasselon, Béatrice Burdin, Sylvie Nazaret, Sabine Favre-Bonté
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is found ubiquitously in the environment and is an important emerging nosocomial pathogen. S. maltophilia has been recently described as an Amoebae-Resistant Bacteria (ARB) that exists as part of the microbiome of various free-living amoebae (FLA) from waters. Co-culture approaches with Vermamoeba vermiformis demonstrated the ability of this bacterium to resist amoebal digestion. In the present study, we assessed the survival and growth of six environmental and one clinical S. maltophilia strains within two amoebal species: Acanthamoeba castellanii and Willaertia magna...
2018: PloS One
R Pradeep Kumar, Anil John, Praveen Kumar, K V Dinesh Babu, D A Evans
BACKGROUND: Oryctes rhinoceros Linn. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is one of the serious pests of coconuts and other palms. Symbiotic gut bacteria play significant roles in digestion of cellulosic materials as well as in some other physiological processes essential for the existence of the O. rhinoceros larvae. The study was undertaken to isolate compound with antibacterial and larvicidal activities from the leaves of Adiantum latifolium Lam. following bioassay-guided method. RESULT: Methanol extract (ME) of dry leaf powder of A...
February 2, 2018: Pest Management Science
Pilar Eliana Puentes-Téllez, Joana Falcao Salles
Enriched microbial communities, obtained from environmental samples through selective processes, can effectively contribute to lignocellulose degradation. Unfortunately, fully controlled industrial degradation processes are difficult to reach given the intrinsically dynamic nature and complexity of the microbial communities, composed of a large number of culturable and unculturable species. The use of less complex but equally effective microbial consortia could improve their applications by allowing for more controlled industrial processes...
February 1, 2018: Microbial Ecology
Daniel Rojas-Solís, Gustavo Santoyo
Plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes (PGPBEs) produce volatile and diffusible compounds that inhibit phytopathogens (Santoyo et al., 2016) [1]. A recent work by Rojas-Solis and colleagues [2] demonstrated the antifungal effect of volatile organic compounds exerted by the Pseudomonas stutzeri E25 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia CR71 endophytes, highlighting the production of sulfur-containing compounds such as the antimicrobial volatile dimethyl disulfide (DMDS). The data presented in this article include the effect of two culture supernatants from the same strains, E25 and CR71, on the mycelial growth of the gray mold phytopathogen Botrytis cinerea...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Raad Jasim, Elena K Schneider, Meiling Han, Mohammad A K Azad, Maytham Hussein, Cameron Nowell, Mark A Baker, Jiping Wang, Jian Li, Tony Velkov
This in vitro study aimed to investigate the synergistic antibacterial activity of polymyxin B in combination with 2 nm silver nanoparticles (NPs) against Gram-negative pathogens commonly isolated from the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung. The in vitro synergistic activity of polymyxin B with silver NPs was assessed using the checkerboard assay against polymyxinsusceptible and polymyxin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from the lungs of CF patients. The combination was also examined against the Gram-negative species Haemophilus influenzae, Burkholderia cepacia, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii that are less common in the CF lung...
April 2017: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Robin Köck, Philipp Siemer, Jutta Esser, Stefanie Kampmeier, Matthijs S Berends, Corinna Glasner, Jan P Arends, Karsten Becker, Alexander W Friedrich
Preventing the spread of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGNB) is a public health priority. However, the definition of MDRGNB applied for planning infection prevention measures such as barrier precautions differs depending on national guidelines. This is particularly relevant in the Dutch-German border region, where patients are transferred between healthcare facilities located in the two different countries, because clinicians and infection control personnel must understand antibiograms indicating MDRGNB from both sides of the border and using both national guidelines...
January 26, 2018: Microorganisms
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