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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329465/youtube-as-a-source-of-health-information-analysis-of-sun-protection-and-skin-cancer-prevention-related-issues
#1
Linda Ruppert, Brian Køster, Anna Maria Siegert, Christian Cop, Lindsay Boyers, Chante Karimkhani, Helena Winston, Jessica Mounessa, Robert P Dellavalle, Daphne Reinau, Thomas Diepgen, Christian Surber
Although social media ubiquitously supplementstraditional information sources such as newspapers,magazines, radio, and television, investigation of onlinehealth information related to sun protection and skincancer prevention has been scarce and largely limitedto English language sources. Using the search terms"sun protection," "sunscreen," "skin cancer prevention,"tanning bed" and "vitamin D," we investigated 281YouTube videos presented in 6 languages: English,German, French, Spanish, Swedish, and Danish. Foreach video, we used a four-sectioned checklist toassess general information, popularity, expert drivenmeasures, and heuristic driven measures...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329411/tv-viewing-time-is-associated-with-increased-all-cause-mortality-in-brazilian-adults-independent-of-physical-activity
#2
Bruna Camilo Turi, Henrique Luiz Monteiro, Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Kyle Robinson Lynch, Camila Angélica Asahi Mesquita, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between television (TV) viewing and all-cause mortality among Brazilian adults after six years of follow-up. This longitudinal study started in 2010 in the city of Bauru, SP, Brazil, and involved 970 adults aged ≥ 50 years. Mortality was reported by relatives and confirmed in medical records of the Brazilian National Health System. Physical activity (PA) and TV viewing were assessed by the Baecke questionnaire. Health status, sociodemographic and behavioural covariates were considered as potential confounders...
March 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328251/predicting-presidential-election-outcomes-from-what-people-watch
#3
Arash Barfar, Balaji Padmanabhan
In a recent article by Barfar and Padmanabhan (2015), we demonstrated how television viewership data could predict presidential election outcomes in the United States. In this article, we examine predictive models using a snapshot of Nielsen's national data on television viewership. The study is conducted with high-dimensional low sample size (HDLSS) data, whereby we conduct a comparative analysis with and without feature reduction on the data from the 2012 elections. We find that simple "single-show models" often provided more insights and predictive accuracies than models from feature reduction...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327037/meeting-patients-unmet-needs
#4
(no author information available yet)
Macmillan consultant nurse (breast) Victoria Harmer qualified with distinction in 1995 and has devoted her career to caring for patients with cancer. She specialised in breast cancer 17 years ago, after taking up a clinical nurse specialist post at London's St Mary's Hospital. She has been in her current role at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust since October 2016, and is also a published author and script adviser for television programmes featuring breast cancer storylines.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324186/association-of-evening-smartphone-use-with-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-activity-after-awakening-in-adolescents-living-in-high-school-dormitories
#5
Yoko Nose, Rina Fujinaga, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Kazuhiko Kotani, Narumi Nagai
PURPOSE: Smartphones are prevalently used among adolescents; however, nighttime exposure to blue-enriched light, through electric devices, is known to induce delays of the circadian rhythm phases and poor morning somatic conditions. We therefore investigated whether evening smartphone use may affect sleep-wake cycle and cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity after awaking in dormitory students. METHODS: The participants were high school students, living under dormitory rules regarding the curfew, study, meals, lights-out, and wake-up times...
March 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324090/association-between-direct-to-consumer-advertising-and-testosterone-testing-and-initiation-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#6
J Bradley Layton, Yoonsang Kim, G Caleb Alexander, Sherry L Emery
Importance: Testosterone initiation increased substantially in the United States from 2000 to 2013, especially among men without clear indications. Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) also increased during this time. Objective: To investigate associations between televised DTCA and testosterone testing and initiation in the United States. Design, Setting, and Population: Ecologic study conducted in designated market areas (DMAs) in the United States...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321702/association-between-level-of-urinary-trace-heavy-metals-and-obesity-among-children-aged-6-19%C3%A2-years-nhanes-1999-2011
#7
Wentao Shao, Qian Liu, Xiaowei He, Hui Liu, Aihua Gu, Zhaoyan Jiang
Global prevalence of obesity has been increasing dramatically in all ages. Although traditional causes for obesity development have been studied widely, it is unclear whether environmental exposure of substances such as trace heavy metals affects obesity development among children and adolescents so far. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2011) were retrieved, and 6602 US children were analyzed in this study. Urinary level of nine trace heavy metals, including barium, cadmium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, lead, antimony, thallium, and tungsten, was analyzed for their association with the prevalence of obesity among children aged 6-19 years...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319786/lower-cardiorespiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-more-time-spent-sedentary-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#8
Davy Vancampfort, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Joseph Firth, Tine Van Damme, Michel Probst
Patients with a psychotic disorder show lower cardiorespiratory fitness and higher mortality rates compared to healthy individuals. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether in patients with first-episode psychosis a low cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with decreased physical activity and increased sedentary levels. Twenty-nine outpatients (21 men; 22.8±5.1 years) performed a maximal exercise test to assess their maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), wore a Senswear armband for five consecutive days and were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318873/factors-associated-with-changes-in-fruit-intake-during-young-adulthood-a-classification-and-regression-tree-analysis-of-longitudinal-data
#9
David Lohrmann, Wasantha Jayawardene, Mohammad Torabi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether distinct participant groupings for changes in fruit intake (FI) levels between ages 23 and 31 years are identifiable based on both time-varying and time-invariant sociodemographic and behavioral variables. METHODS: Data were derived from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1997, US. Change in FI frequency constituted the dependent variable. For 21 variables, changes and averages in 2007-2011 were calculated. Classification and regression tree analysis was conducted using Generalized, Unbiased, Interaction Detection, and Estimation software...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316911/electronic-media-time-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-children-findings-from-the-built-environment-and-active-play-study-in-the-washington-dc-area
#10
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Rashawn Ray, Brandon Knight, Brian E Saelens
An objective of the Built Environment and Active Play (BEAP) Study was to examine whether home built environment, bedroom electronic presence, parental rules and demographics predicted children's sedentary behavior (SB). In 2014, BEAP Study questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents of children (7-12 years) within the Washington DC area. SB-Duration (hours/day) and SB-Frequency (days/week) were assessed by two questions with multiple subparts relating to SB activity type (e.g. car riding) and SB companionship (e...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316057/more-than-just-child-s-play-an-experimental-investigation-of-the-impact-of-an-appearance-focused-internet-game-on-body-image-and-career-aspirations-of-young-girls
#11
Amy Slater, Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Emma Gaskin
In recent years, elements of the modern environment (such as television, Internet, toys and clothes) have been criticized for having an increasingly sexualized or appearance focus, which has been suggested to be detrimental to girls' development. The current study examined the impact of an appearance-focused Internet game on young girls' body image and career cognitions and aspirations. Eighty British girls aged 8-9 years were randomly assigned to play an appearance-focused or a non-appearance focused game for 10 minutes...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#12
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300388/the-assessment-and-characterization-of-the-built-in-internal-photometer-of-primary-diagnostic-monitors
#13
Andres E Ruuge, Usman A Mahmood, Yusuf E Erdi
The purpose of this work was to perform the initial evaluation of primary diagnostic monitor (PDM) characteristics following the implementation of New York City quality assurance (NYC QA) regulations on January 1, 2016, and compare the results of the QA measurements performed by an external photometer and the PDM manufacturer's built-in photometer. TG-18 and Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers test patterns were used to evaluate monitor performance. Overall, 79 PDMs were included in the analysis...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298432/the-volume-of-tv-advertisements-during-the-aca-s-first-enrollment-period-was-associated-with-increased-insurance-coverage
#14
Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Andrew Wilcock, Laura Baum, Colleen L Barry, Erika Franklin Fowler, Jeff Niederdeppe, Sarah E Gollust
The launch of the Affordable Care Act was accompanied by major insurance information campaigns by government, nonprofit, political, news media, and private-sector organizations, but it is not clear to what extent these efforts were associated with insurance gains. Using county-level data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey and broadcast television airings data from the Wesleyan Media Project, we examined the relationship between insurance advertisements and county-level health insurance changes between 2013 and 2014, adjusting for other media and county- and state-level characteristics...
March 15, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297602/use-storage-and-disposal-of-electronic-equipment-in-switzerland
#15
Esther Thiébaud, Lorenz M Hilty, Mathias Schluep, Martin Faulstich
Electronic devices contain important resources, including precious and critical raw materials. For an efficient management of these resources, it is important to know where the devices are located, how long they are used and when and how they are disposed of. In this article, we explore the past and current quantities of electronic devices in the in-use stock and storage stock in Switzerland and quantify the flows between the use, storage and disposal phase with dynamic material flow analysis (MFA). Devices included are mobile phones, desktop and laptop computers, monitors, cathode ray tube and flat panel display televisions, DVD players, and headphones...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296905/contextual-factors-associated-with-health-care-service-utilization-for-children-with-acute-childhood-illnesses-in-nigeria
#16
Sulaimon T Adedokun, Victor T Adekanmbi, Olalekan A Uthman, Richard J Lilford
OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent contribution of individual, community and state-level factors to health care service utilization for children with acute childhood illnesses in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on secondary analyses of cross-sectional population-based data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Multilevel logistic regression models were applied to the data on 6,427 under-five children who used or did not use health care service when they were sick (level 1), nested within 896 communities (level 2) from 37 states (level 3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296301/imaging-acquisition-display-performance-an-evaluation-and-discussion-of-performance-metrics-and-procedures
#17
Michael S Silosky, Rebecca M Marsh, Ann L Scherzinger
When The Joint Commission updated its Requirements for Diagnostic Imaging Services for hospitals and ambulatory care facilities on July 1, 2015, among the new requirements was an annual performance evaluation for acquisition workstation displays. The purpose of this work was to evaluate a large cohort of acquisition displays used in a clinical environment and compare the results with existing performance standards provided by the American College of Radiology (ACR) and the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM)...
July 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#18
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287459/prevalence-and-correlates-of-preschool-overweight-and-obesity-amidst-the-nutrition-transition-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-study-in-lebanon
#19
Lara Nasreddine, Nahla Hwalla, Angie Saliba, Christelle Akl, Farah Naja
There is increasing evidence linking early life adiposity to disease risk later in life. This study aims at determining the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among preschoolers in Lebanon. A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5 years old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary, and anthropometric data were obtained. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was estimated at 6.5% and 2.7%, respectively. Based on stepwise logistic regression for the prediction of overweight and obesity (combined), the variance accounted for by the first block (socioeconomic, parental characteristics) was 11...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287446/sitting-time-physical-activity-and-sleep-by-work-type-and-pattern-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#20
Bronwyn K Clark, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Mitch J Duncan, Wendy Brown
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were used to examine how work was associated with time spent sleeping, sitting and in physical activity (PA), in working women. Young (31-36 years; 2009) and mid-aged (59-64 years; 2010) women reported sleep (categorised as shorter ≤6 h/day and longer ≥8 h/day) and sitting time (work, transport, television, non-work computer, and other; summed for total sitting time) on the most recent work and non-work day; and moderate and vigorous PA (categorised as meeting/not meeting guidelines) in the previous week...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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