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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913595/public-attitudes-towards-people-living-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-japan-innovative-practice
#1
Yoko Aihara, Hisako Kato, Tetsuko Sugiyama, Kuniko Ishi, Yasushi Goto
Stigma and social isolation are major challenges in building dementia friendly communities. Information is a key factor in improving knowledge and attitudes about dementia. This cross-sectional survey aimed to investigate public attitudes towards people with dementia in an urban community in Japan. Nearly 90% of the participants responded that they were able to have a good relationship with a person with dementia and help such a person if needed. However, around half of the participants would be ashamed of a family member with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909041/short-term-effects-of-announcing-revised-lower-risk-national-drinking-guidelines-on-related-awareness-and-knowledge-a-trend-analysis-of-monthly-survey-data-in-england
#2
John Holmes, Jamie Brown, Petra Meier, Emma Beard, Susan Michie, Penny Buykx
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term effects of publishing revised lower risk national drinking guidelines on related awareness and knowledge. To examine where drinkers heard about guidelines over the same period. DESIGN: Trend analysis of the Alcohol Toolkit Study, a monthly repeat cross-sectional national survey. SETTING: England, November 2015 to May 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 845 adults (18+) living in private households in England...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902887/why-do-smokers-talk-about-antismoking-campaigns-predictors-of-the-occurrence-and-content-of-campaign-generated-conversations
#3
Emily Brennan, Sarah J Durkin, Melanie Wakefield, Yoshihisa Kashima
Smokers often talk about antismoking campaigns, and these conversations can contribute to campaign effectiveness. However, little is known about the predictors and content of naturally occurring campaign-generated conversations. In two studies (Study 1, N = 480; Study 2, N = 232), we systematically examined whether the occurrence and content of smokers' conversations after exposure to one of eight antismoking television advertisements were predicted by characteristics of (a) the message, (b) intrapersonal responses to the message, (c) the individual, and (d) the social context in which exposure occurred...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901424/response-to-open-peer-commentaries-on-diagnosis-by-television-documentary-professional-responsibilities-in-informal-encounters
#4
Alistair Wardrope, Markus Reuber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901132/ligand-density-quantification-on-colloidal-inorganic-nanoparticles
#5
REVIEW
Ashley M Smith, Kathryn A Johnston, Scott E Crawford, Lauren E Marbella, Jill E Millstone
Colloidal inorganic nanoparticles are being used in an increasingly large number of applications ranging from biological imaging to television displays. In all cases, nanoparticle surface chemistry can significantly impact particle physical properties, processing, and performance. The first step in leveraging this tunability is to develop analytical approaches to describe surface chemical features. Some of the most basic descriptors of particle surface chemistry include the quantity, identity, and arrangement of ligands appended to the particle core...
November 30, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900511/non-doped-deep-blue-and-doped-white-electroluminescence-devices-based-on-phenanthroimidazole-derivative
#6
Shuo Chen, Yukun Wu, Shoucheng Hu, Yi Zhao, Daining Fang
A novel deep-blue emitter PhImPOTD based on phenathroimidazole was synthesized, which is incorporated by an electron-donating dibenzothiophene unit and electron-withdrawing phenanthroimidazole and diphenylphosphine oxide moieties. Furthermore, the weak π-π stacking and intermolecular aggregation render the photoluminescence quantum yield is as high as 0.34 in the solid state. Non-doped organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on PhImPOTD emitter exhibits a low turn-on voltage of 3.6 V, a favorable efficiency of 1...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899707/the-influence-of-presentation-modality-on-the-social-comprehension-of-naturalistic-scenes-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Haley M Gedek, Peter C Pantelis, Daniel P Kennedy
The comprehension of dynamically unfolding social situations is made possible by the seamless integration of multimodal information merged with rich intuitions about the thoughts and behaviors of others. We examined how high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder and neurotypical controls made a complex social judgment (i.e. rating the social awkwardness of scenes from a television sitcom) across three conditions that manipulated presentation modality-visual alone, transcribed text alone, or visual and auditory together...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897306/-multiple-sclerosis-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#8
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo, R Cano-de-la-Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: Today, the care of patients with multiple sclerosis and those around them represents a clinical and therapeutic challenge for healthcare professionals. The aim of this study is to analyse the appearance of multiple sclerosis in literature, cinema and television, and to reflect upon the image it has in these media. DEVELOPMENT: Several representative works that have addressed multiple sclerosis were reviewed, and many of them were seen to offer a very true-to-life vision of the disease...
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890953/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-disease-among-persons-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immuno-deficiency-syndrome-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#9
Mrinal Gupta, Vikram K Mahajan, Pushpinder S Chauahn, Karainder S Mehta, Ritu Rawat, T N Shiny
BACKGROUND: Although modification of behavioral practices among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-affected patients is important in decreasing HIV disease transmission, the knowledge, attitude, and perception studies about HIV infection rarely include persons living with HIV/acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIMS: To assess knowledge, attitude, and perceptions of persons living with HIV/AIDS for the disease and other epidemiological aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and fifty consecutive persons living with HIV/AIDS were enrolled for this questionnaire-based cross-sectional, descriptive study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878600/narrow-band-imaging-for-early-diagnosis-of-epithelial-dysplasia-and-microinvasive-tumors-in-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#10
C Arens, C Betz, M Kraft, S Voigt-Zimmermann
The various stages of tumor growth are characterized by typical epithelial, vascular, and secondary connective tissue changes. Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive imaging technique that presents vascular structures in particular at a higher contrast than white light endoscopy alone. In combination with high-resolution image recording and reproduction (high-definition television, HDTV; ultra-high definition, 4K), progress has been made in otolaryngological differential diagnostics, both pre- and intraoperatively...
November 23, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876321/an-exploration-of-how-mexican-american-wic-mothers-obtain-information-about-behaviors-associated-with-childhood-obesity-risk
#11
Rachel E Davis, Suzanne M Cole, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Sonya J Jones, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how a sample of Mexican American mothers with preschool-aged children recruited from a Midwestern Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic obtained information about 4 behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk: eating, physical activity, screen time, and sleep. DESIGN: One-on-one structured interviews in which participants were asked how they communicated with family, learned to take care of their first infant, and obtained information about the 4 targeted behaviors for their preschool-aged child...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876241/recycling-of-typical-difficult-to-treat-e-waste-synthesize-zeolites-from-waste-cathode-ray-tube-funnel-glass
#12
Zhitong Yao, Daidai Wu, Jie Liu, Weihong Wu, Hongting Zhao, Junhong Tang
The disposal of waste cathode ray-tubes (CRTs) from old televisions and discarded computer monitors has become a major environmental concern worldwide. In this work, an open-loop recycling method was developed to synthesize zeolites using CRT funnel glass as the raw material. The effects of hydrothermal temperatures and pressure, n(SiO2/Al2O3) molar ratios and hydrothermal time on the resulting products were investigated. The results indicated that hydrothermal temperatures and pressure played critical roles in zeolite synthesis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872802/park-use-is-associated-with-less-sedentary-time-among-low-income-parents-and-their-preschool-child-the-net-works-study
#13
Simone A French, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan R Mitchell, Yingling Fan
INTRODUCTION: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics and physical characteristics of the block immediately surrounding the home were examined. METHODS: Data are from baseline measurements completed in 2012-2014 as part of larger study (NET-Works: Now Everybody Together for Amazing and Healthy Kids) targeting low-income preschool children and their parents (N = 534 parent-child dyads)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871186/does-a-tv-public-service-advertisement-campaign-for-suicide-prevention-really-work
#14
In Han Song, Jung-Won You, Ji Eun Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been performed regarding their effectiveness in South Korea, where the suicide rate is the highest among OECD countries. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a television PSA campaign...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866490/multilevel-linear-regression-analysis-of-factors-influencing-body-mass-index-among-bangladeshi-married-non-pregnant-women
#15
Md Kamruzzaman, A S M A Mamun, Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aik Saw, T Kamarul, Md Nurul Islam, Md Golam Hossain
The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing the body mass index (BMI) of non-pregnant married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary (Hierarchy) data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, collected using two-stage stratified cluster sampling, were used. Two-level linear regression analysis was performed to remove the cluster effect of the variables. The mean BMI of married non-pregnant Bangladeshi women was 21.60±3.86 kg/m2, and the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 22...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862713/impact-of-alcohol-promoting-and-alcohol-warning-advertisements-on-alcohol-consumption-affect-and-implicit-cognition-in-heavy-drinking-young-adults-a-laboratory-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Kaidy Stautz, Daniel Frings, Ian P Albery, Antony C Moss, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVES: There is sparse evidence regarding the effect of alcohol-advertising exposure on alcohol consumption among heavy drinkers. This study aimed to assess the immediate effects of alcohol-promoting and alcohol-warning video advertising on objective alcohol consumption in heavy-drinking young adults, and to examine underlying processes. DESIGN: Between-participants randomized controlled trial with three conditions. METHODS: Two hundred and four young adults (aged 18-25) who self-reported as heavy drinkers were randomized to view one of three sets of 10 video advertisements that included either (1) alcohol-promoting, (2) alcohol-warning, or (3) non-alcohol advertisements...
November 11, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857266/my-personal-journey-with-ovarian-cancer-treatment-caring-and-chemotherapy-tips
#17
Kim A Decker
Six years ago, I was diagnosed with stage IIIA ovarian low malignant cell potential cancer. It was the most shocking situation I have ever experienced. I didn't realize I had any symptoms, except occasional back pain, which I attributed to starting a new workout program. I had scheduled an abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan for recurrent microscopic hematuria, which my internist wanted to check. I was told I would hear the results in two days. Two hours after my CT scan, while I was eating ice cream and watching television, an on-call genitourinary doctor (who I did not personally know) called to tell me the good news-that I had kidney stones, thus the microscopic hematuria...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854536/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-may-increase-physical-activity-and-decrease-sedentary-behaviors
#18
Claudio R Nigg, Desiree Joi Mateo, Jiyoung An
Regular physical activity contributes to the prevention of obesity and chronic diseases(1); however, fewer than half of US adults are regularly active. Video games, computers, television, mobile devices, and sedentary occupations have all contributed to the growth in sedentary behavior and obesity. More recently, technology-based interventions have focused on mobile devices to promote physical activity.(2) About 90% of American adults have a mobile phone,(3) with 64% owning a smartphone. Advantages of technology-based interventions include continual self-monitoring and access, decreasing barriers of transportation and time, and portability (e...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854505/wireless-medical-telemetry-service-is-changing-not-going-away
#19
Jonathan Temple, Paul Sherman
The Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) was established in 1999 by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to protect the use of licensed medical telemetry for physiological and fetal monitoring. The WMTS space has three frequency bands: 608-614 MHz (over-the-air [OTA] television channel 37), 1,395-1,400 MHz, and 1,427-1,432 MHz. This article addresses the recent FCC rule affecting the OTA channel 37 WMTS band. We also will address the potential impact on WMTS use in the hospital, the potential risks, and what hospitals need to do to mitigate those risks...
September 2016: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853555/seven-and-up-individual-differences-in-male-voice-fundamental-frequency-emerge-before-puberty-and-remain-stable-throughout-adulthood
#20
Meddy Fouquet, Katarzyna Pisanski, Nicolas Mathevon, David Reby
Voice pitch (the perceptual correlate of fundamental frequency, F0) varies considerably even among individuals of the same sex and age, communicating a host of socially and evolutionarily relevant information. However, due to the almost exclusive utilization of cross-sectional designs in previous studies, it remains unknown whether these individual differences in voice pitch emerge before, during or after sexual maturation, and whether voice pitch remains stable into adulthood. Here, we measured the F0 parameters of men who were recorded once every 7 years from age 7 to 56 as they participated in the British television documentary Up Series...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
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