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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103183/association-between-parent-television-viewing-practices-and-setting-rules-to-limit-the-television-viewing-time-of-their-8-to-12-year-old-children-minnesota-2011-2015
#1
Martha Y Kubik, Olga V Gurvich, Jayne A Fulkerson
INTRODUCTION: Television (TV) viewing is popular among adults and children, and child TV-viewing time is positively associated with parent TV-viewing time. Efforts to limit the TV-viewing time of children typically target parent rule-setting. However, little is known about the association between parent TV-viewing practices and rule-setting. METHODS: We used baseline height and weight data and survey data collected from 2011 through 2015 on parents and their 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 212 parent/child dyads) who were participants in 2 community-based obesity prevention intervention trials conducted in metropolitan Minnesota...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101880/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#2
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097837/food-and-beverage-advertising-on-children-s-tv-channels-in-argentina-frequency-duration-and-nutritional-quality
#3
Alicia Rovirosa, María E Zapata, Paula Gómez, Susana Gotthelf, Daniel Ferrante
: Food and beverage marketing has been identified as one of the determinants of unhealthy food and beverage consumption in the child population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and duration of food and beverage advertising in children's programming and the nutritional quality of advertised food and beverages. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Children's cable and broadcast channel programming was recorded in two periods: over the week and on the weekend...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097514/cumulative-risk-exposure-and-waist-circumference-in-preschool-aged-children-the-mediating-role-of-television-and-moderating-role-of-sex
#4
Anna H Grummon, Amber Vaughn, Deborah J Jones, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Children exposed to multiple stressors are more likely to be overweight, but little is known about the mechanisms explaining this association. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined whether children exposed to multiple stressors had higher waist circumference, and whether this association was mediated through children's television time. METHODS: Participants were 319 parent-child dyads. Children were 2-5 years old and had at least one overweight parent (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2))...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090248/just-change-the-channel-studying-effects-of-age-on-emotion-regulation-using-a-tv-watching-paradigm
#5
Molly Sands, Adam Garbacz, Derek M Isaacowitz
Older adults are theorized to benefit from proactive forms of emotion regulation that allow them to avoid negative stimuli (Charles, 2010). To test this, we examined choices as a form of emotion regulation. In two studies investigating age differences, participants selected affective stimuli using a cable television interface, while choices and mood were recorded. In lab-based Study 1, older adults spent more time watching neutral channels, but younger adults spent more time watching positive ones. Older adults also watched more low-arousal content, while younger adults watched more high-arousal content...
November 2016: Social Psychological and Personality Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088922/restricting-the-marketing-of-foods-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-to-children-in-south-africa-are-all-nutrient-profiling-models-the-same
#6
Mariaan Wicks, Hattie Wright, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen
The WHO has called for governments to improve children's food environment by implementing restrictions on the marketing of 'unhealthy' foods to children. Nutrient profiling (NP) models are used to define 'unhealthy' foods and support child-directed food marketing regulations. The aim of the present study was to assess the suitability of the South African NP model (SANPM), developed and validated for health claim regulations, for child-directed food marketing regulations. The SANPM was compared with four NP models specifically developed for such regulations...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088203/a-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-communicating-healthy-beginnings-advice-by-telephone-chat-to-mothers-with-infants-to-prevent-childhood-obesity
#7
Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Louise A Baur, Alison J Hayes, Huilan Xu, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Miranda Shaw, Philayrath Phongsavan
BACKGROUND: With an increasing prevalence of obesity in young children globally, there is an urgent need for the development of effective early interventions. A previous Healthy Beginnings Trial using a nurse-led home visiting program has demonstrated that providing mothers with evidence-based advice can improve maternal practice regarding obesity prevention, and can reduce Body Mass Index (BMI) in the first few years of life. However, the costs for scale-up of home visiting limit its population reach...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088051/online-recruitment-and-testing-of-infants-with-mechanical-turk
#8
Michelle Tran, Laura Cabral, Ronak Patel, Rhodri Cusack
Testing infants in the laboratory is expensive in time and money; consequently, many studies are underpowered, reducing their reproducibility. We investigated whether the online platform, Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk), could be used as a resource to more easily recruit and measure the behavior of infant populations. Using a looking time paradigm, with users' webcams we recorded how long infants aged 5 to 8months attended while viewing children's television programs. We found that infants (N=57) were more reliably engaged by some movies than by others and that the most engaging movies could maintain attention for approximately 70% of a 10- to 13-min period...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081554/alcohol-sponsorship-of-a-summer-of-sport-a-frequency-analysis-of-alcohol-marketing-during-major-sports-events-on-new-zealand-television
#9
Tim Chambers, Louise Signal, Mary-Ann Carter, Samuel McConville, Rebecca Wong, Wendy Zhu
AIMS: This research aims to assess the nature and extent of alcohol marketing through sport sponsorship over a summer of televised sport in New Zealand. METHODS: Frequency analysis of New Zealand television broadcasts of five international sporting events during the summer of 2014-2015. Broadcasts were analysed to identify the percentage of time when alcohol brands were visible during game-play. The number of independent alcohol brand exposures was recorded. RESULTS: Alcohol brands were observed during every televised event...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081517/a-path-analysis-model-of-factors-influencing-children-s-requests-for-unhealthy-foods
#10
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, Caroline Miller, Kathy Chapman
Little is known about the complex combination of factors influencing the extent to which children request unhealthy foods from their parents. The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive model of influencing factors to provide insight into potential methods of reducing these requests. A web panel provider was used to administer a national online survey to a sample of 1302 Australian parent-child dyads (total sample n=2604). Initial univariate analyses identified potential predictors of children's requests for and consumption of unhealthy foods...
December 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#11
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073306/the-gap-in-scientific-knowledge-and-role-of-science-communication-in-south-korea
#12
Jeong-Heon Chang, Sei-Hill Kim, Myung-Hyun Kang, Jae Chul Shim, Dong Hoon Ma
Using data from a national survey of South Koreans, this study explores the role of science communication in enhancing three different forms of scientific knowledge ( factual, procedural, and subjective). We first assess learning effects, looking at the extent to which citizens learn science from different channels of communication (interpersonal discussions, traditional newspapers, television, online newspapers, and social media). We then look into the knowledge gap hypothesis, investigating how different communication channels can either widen or narrow the gap in knowledge between social classes...
January 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070464/the-acceptability-of-tv-based-game-platforms-as-an-instrument-to-support-the-cognitive-evaluation-of-senior-adults-at-home
#13
Carlos Rivas Costa, Manuel José Fernández Iglesias, Luis Eulogio Anido Rifón, Miguel Gómez Carballa, Sonia Valladares Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The computing capabilities of state-of-the-art television sets and media centres may facilitate the introduction of computer-assisted evaluation at home. This approach would help to overcome the drawbacks of traditional pen-and-paper evaluations administered in clinical facilities, as they could be performed in a more comfortable environment, the subject's home, and they would be more flexible for designing complex environments for the evaluation of neuropsychological constructs that are difficult to assess through traditional testing...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069149/exploring-men-s-preferred-strategies-for-learning-about-testicular-disorders-inclusive-of-testicular-cancer-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#14
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Josephine Hegarty
PURPOSE: Men's awareness of testicular disorders is lacking and their intention to seek help for testicular symptoms is sub-optimal. Studies conducted to explore and raise men's awareness of testicular disorders did not address their preferred learning strategies and failed to include men who are at risk for health inequities. The aim of this study was to explore, in-depth, the preferred strategies for learning about testicular disorders inclusive of testicular cancer among men who self-identify as heterosexual, gay, or bisexual...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069093/development-and-evaluation-of-a-nutrition-transition-ffq-for-adolescents-in-south-india
#15
Nida I Shaikh, Jennifer K Frediani, Usha Ramakrishnan, Shailaja S Patil, Kathryn M Yount, Reynaldo Martorell, Km Venkat Narayan, Solveig A Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a Nutrition Transition-FFQ (NT-FFQ) to measure nutrition transition among adolescents in South India. DESIGN: We developed an interviewer-administered NT-FFQ comprising a 125-item semi-quantitative FFQ and a twenty-seven-item eating behaviour survey. The reproducibility and validity of the NT-FFQ were assessed using Spearman correlations, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and levels of agreement using Bland-Altman and cross-classification over 2 months (NT-FFQ1 and NT-FFQ2)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068968/lifestyle-behaviours-associated-with-5-year-weight-gain-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-australian-adults-aged-26-36-years-at-baseline
#16
Kylie J Smith, Seana L Gall, Sarah A McNaughton, Verity J Cleland, Petr Otahal, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn
BACKGROUND: Whether not meeting common guidelines for lifestyle behaviours is associated with weight gain is uncertain. This study examined whether 5-year weight gain was predicted by not meeting guidelines for: breakfast consumption (eating between 6 and 9 am), takeaway food consumption (<2 times/week), television viewing (<2 h/day) and daily steps (≥10,000 steps/day). METHODS: One thousand one hundred and fifty-five Australian participants (43% men, 26-36 years) completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer at baseline (2004-06) and follow-up (2009-11)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066883/a-novel-pixel-based-method-to-estimate-the-instantaneous-velocity-of-a-vehicle-from-cctv-images
#17
Shengxiong Liu, Xiuju Yang, Jianguo Cui, Zhiyong Yin
In traffic forensic identifications, it was usually unfavorable that estimated velocities of questioned vehicles derived from frame-based methods eventually turned out to be close to but a bit less than speed limits. In this paper, a novel pixel-based method was presented to estimate vehicles' relatively instantaneous velocities. First, two adjacent pixels' actual distance was acquired from the closed-circuit television (CCTV) images. Then, the instantaneous average velocity within this one frame interval time (FIT) was calculated out...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062883/relationship-between-sleep-habits-and-nighttime-sleep-among-healthy-preschool-children-in-taiwan
#18
Ming Jae Lo
Introduction: We examined the nighttime sleep habits associated with insufficient sleep quantity and poor sleep quality among healthy preschool-aged Taiwanese children. Materials and Methods: The study population of this cross-sectional survey was a stratified random sample of 3 to 6-year-old preschool children from 19 cities and counties in Taiwan. A caregiver-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on preschooler sleep quantity (sleep duration and sleep latency) and sleep quality (sleep disturbances and disruption) and potentially related sleep habits...
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062200/individual-behavioural-and-home-environmental-factors-associated-with-eating-behaviours-in-young-adolescents
#19
Natalie Pearson, Paula Griffiths, Stuart J H Biddle, Julie P Johnston, Emma Haycraft
This study aimed to examine individual, behavioural and home environmental factors associated with frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables and energy-dense snacks among adolescents. Adolescents aged 11-12 years (n = 521, 48% boys) completed a paper-based questionnaire during class-time which included a Food Frequency Questionnaire assessing their consumption of fruit, vegetables, and energy-dense (ED) snacks, and items assessing habits, self-efficacy, eating at the television (TV), eating with parents, parenting practices, and home availability and accessibility of foods...
January 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057193/weekday-and-weekend-food-advertising-varies-on-children-s-television-in-the-usa-but-persuasive-techniques-and-unhealthy-items-still-dominate
#20
M J Vilaro, T E Barnett, A M Watson, J W Merten, A E Mathews
OBJECTIVE: In 2006, food industry self-regulatory efforts aimed to balance the mix of food advertisements to limit children's exposure to unhealthy food products. An update to these efforts proposed to eliminate all unhealthy advertisements during peak child viewing times and implement uniform nutrition criteria by December, 2013. Marketing techniques are not currently addressed in self-regulatory efforts. The food industry's pledge prompted researchers to conduct a content analysis to assess nutritional quality and presence of persuasive marketing techniques in child-directed food and beverage advertisements...
January 2017: Public Health
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