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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#1
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632092/unscripted-exploring-representations-of-older-unpartnered-women-s-sexuality
#2
Beth Montemurro, Lisa Chewning
Images of sexually active women beyond the age of 50 are lacking in popular culture and in particular on television. Dominant sexual scripts depict older women as generally asexual. The television program Hot in Cleveland features unpartnered midlife and older women as main characters. In this article, based on analysis of four seasons of Hot in Cleveland, we look closely at portrayals of sexual activity to see whether they underscore dominant sexual scripts mocking older women's sexual interest, position aging as sexual decline, or reinforce the narrative of "successful" aging/aging as progress...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630691/overweight-dogs-are-more-likely-to-display-undesirable-behaviours-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-in-the-uk
#3
Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Much of the global canine population is now overweight, and this can adversely affect health, lifespan and quality of life. Undesirable behaviours are also common in pet dogs, and these can adversely affect welfare, as well as being stressful to owners. However, links between obesity and behavioural disorders have never previously been explored. An online survey was conducted between June and August in 2014, coinciding with the broadcast of a National UK television programme, exploring dog health, welfare and behaviour...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628550/visual-and-motor-recovery-after-cognitive-therapeutic-exercises-in-cortical-blindness-a-case-study
#4
Daniele De Patre, Ann Van de Winckel, Franca Panté, Carla Rizzello, Marina Zernitz, Mariam Mansour, Lara Zordan, Thomas A Zeffiro, Erin E OʼConnor, Teresa Bisson, Andrea Lupi, Carlo Perfetti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spontaneous visual recovery is rare after cortical blindness. While visual rehabilitation may improve performance, no visual therapy has been widely adopted, as clinical outcomes are variable and rarely translate into improvements in activities of daily living (ADLs). We explored the potential value of a novel rehabilitation approach "cognitive therapeutic exercises" for cortical blindness. CASE DESCRIPTION: The subject of this case study was 48-year-old woman with cortical blindness and tetraplegia after cardiac arrest...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626626/television-viewing-time-among-statin-users-and-non-users-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#5
Georgeta D Vaidean, Sandeep S Vansal, Marta Manczuk
Sedentary behavior has emerged as an independent cardiovascular disease risk factor. Uncertainty exists about the behaviors of statin users, who may exhibit either a healthy adherer or a false reassurance effect. We conducted this study in order to assess and compare TV viewing among statin users and nonusers. We used data from a cross-sectional study of 12,754 participants, from south-east Poland, age 45 to 64 years in 2010-11. Statin use during last 30 days was recorded by trained nurses. Participants reported time spent viewing TV/week...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622091/differences-by-age-and-sex-in-the-sedentary-time-of-adults-in-scotland
#6
Tessa Strain, Paul Kelly, Nanette Mutrie, Claire Fitzsimons
Previous nationally-representative research in Scotland found a j-shaped relationship between age and leisure sedentary time (ST): a decrease from young to middle-age, before rising steeply in older-age. This study investigated the effects of age and sex on weekday (including work) ST for all adults and stratified by work-status, and on weekend day ST. Differences in the relative contributions of component behaviours were also investigated. Responses from 14,367 adult (≥16 years) 2012-14 Scottish Health Survey participants were analysed using linear regressions...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621223/a-generation-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-on-hiv-aids-knowledge-exposure-to-mass-media-and-stigmatizing-behaviors-among-young-women-aged-15-24-years-in-ghana
#7
Charity Konadu Asamoah, Benedict Oppong Asamoah, Anette Agardh
HIV/AIDS stigmatizing behaviors are a huge barrier to early detection and treatment of individuals with the AIDS virus. HIV/AIDS stigma and related consequences are debilitating, especially for vulnerable populations. This study sought to assess whether young women's HIV/AIDS knowledge levels and exposure to mass media (television and radio) have an influence on their stigmatizing behaviors and role as agents of stigma towards individuals living with HIV and AIDS. The data used for this study originated from the Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2011...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620974/evaluation-of-the-nigerian-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-nurhi-program
#8
(no author information available yet)
Gaps remain in understanding whether family planning (FP) programs can change urban women's FP behaviors. Even less is known about what works among poor urban women. This article presents results of the impact evaluation of the Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI). Findings are based on recently collected longitudinal data from women and facilities in six cities in Nigeria. Over the four-year follow-up period, there was an increase of about ten percentage points in modern method use. Impact evaluation analyses using fixed-effects regression methods indicate that both demand- and supply-side program activities increased modern method use...
June 16, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620486/overweight-dogs-exercise-less-frequently-and-for-shorter-periods-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-from-the-uk
#9
Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Canine obesity is now the number one health concern in dogs worldwide. Regular physical activity can improve health, and owners are advised to exercise their dogs on a regular basis. However, limited information exists about associations between overweight status of dogs and walking activity. An online survey was conducted between June and August in 2014, coinciding with the broadcast of a national UK television programme, exploring dog behaviour. Information gathered included signalment, overweight status, and owner-reported information on duration and frequency of dog walking...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610752/age-ascription-as-a-resource-and-a-source-of-resistance-an-interactional-study-of-health-professionals-castings-of-patients-into-the-category-old
#10
Shirley Näslund
This case study aims to give an understanding of what actions health professionals' castings of patients into the category 'old' perform on a medical and social level as well as what actions patients' interactional management of these castings perform. Particularly, this study aims to bring to the fore the negotiability of health professionals' perspectivating age ascriptions. This is done with the conversation analytic method (CA) according to which altercasting is a mutual construction performed turn by turn and shaped by the reactions of the interlocutor who can approve, resist, or modify the identity in question...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603404/single-image-super-resolution-via-an-iterative-reproducing-kernel-hilbert-space-method
#11
Liang-Jian Deng, Weihong Guo, Ting-Zhu Huang
Image super-resolution, a process to enhance image resolution, has important applications in satellite imaging, high definition television, medical imaging, etc. Many existing approaches use multiple low-resolution images to recover one high-resolution image. In this paper, we present an iterative scheme to solve single image super-resolution problems. It recovers a high quality high-resolution image from solely one low-resolution image without using a training data set. We solve the problem from image intensity function estimation perspective and assume the image contains smooth and edge components...
November 2016: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602529/-the-use-of-social-media-modifies-teenagers-sleep-related-behavior
#12
S Royant-Parola, V Londe, S Tréhout, S Hartley
OBJECTIVE: Modification of sleep behaviors in teenagers has been observed over the past 30years with a reduction in overall sleep time and an increasing number of teenagers suffering from sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is linked to physical problems such as obesity but also to change in performance at school and mood disorders. Changes have been associated with the use of screens, cell phones, Internet and social media. Use of screens has been shown to delay sleep onset and melatonin secretion and stimulation of wake systems by interaction with social media may exacerbate these effects...
June 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599213/media-alcohol-advertising-with-drinking-behaviors-among-young-adolescents-in-taiwan
#13
Chuan-Yu Chen, Hsueh-Yu Huang, Fang-Yi Tseng, Yu-Chan Chiu, Wei J Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate potential effects of alcohol ads in six major marketing channels on drinking behaviors among young adolescents in Taiwan. METHODS: The data were derived from the Alcohol-Related Experiences among Children study. The baseline sample was comprised of 1926 seventh-eighth graders from 11 public middle schools in Taipei in 2010; follow-up was conducted one year later (follow-up rate=97%). Information concerning individual sociodemographics, family characteristics, exposure to media portrayals of drinking and alcohol ads on major marketing channels, and drinking experience was collected through web-based self-administered questionnaires...
May 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598891/effect-of-direct-to-consumer-advertising-dtca-on-statin-use-in-the-united-states
#14
Hsien-Yen Chang, Irene Murimi, Matthew Daubresse, Dima M Qato, Sherry L Emery, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: The value of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs is widely debated, as is the effect of DTCA on prescription sales and health care utilization. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between DTCA intensity for statin medications and prescription sales and cholesterol-related health care utilization. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted an ecological study for 75 designated market areas from 2005 to 2009 in the United States using linked data regarding televised DTCA volume, non-DTCA marketing and promotion, retail, mail order and long-term care prescription drug sales, prescription drug and ambulatory care health care utilization, and contextual factors such as health care density and socioeconomic status...
June 8, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597090/ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-preferred-activities-among-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori-of-advanced-age-in-new-zealand
#15
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Angela Rapson, Mere Kepa, Martin Connolly, Sally Keeling, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Joanna B Broad, Lorna Dyall, Santosh Jatrana, Janine Wiles, Avinesh Pillai, Nick Garrett, Ngaire Kerse
This study explored active aging for older Māori and non-Māori by examining their self-nominated important everyday activities. The project formed part of the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study of aging well in New Zealand. Māori aged 80 to 90 and non-Māori aged 85 were recruited. Of the 937 participants enrolled, 649 answered an open question about their three most important activities. Responses were coded under the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Activities and Participation domains...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595346/sedentary-behaviors-and-cardiometabolic-risk-an-isotemporal-substitution-analysis
#16
Kara M Whitaker, Matthew P Buman, Andrew O Odegaard, Katie C Carpenter, David R Jacobs, Stephen Sidney, Mark A Pereira
Evidence suggests that time spent in sedentary behaviors is associated with a greater risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of six unique sedentary tasks (television, computer, paperwork, reading, phone, and car) with cardiometabolic risk factors, and compared replacing one type of sedentary behavior with another in relation to cardiometabolic risk. Participants were 3,211 individuals from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study who completed a clinic visit in 2010-2011...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594914/associations-between-dental-knowledge-source-of-dental-knowledge-and-oral-health-behavior-in-japanese-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Daisuke Ekuni, Shinsuke Mizutani, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Kota Kataoka, Tetsuji Azuma, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior in a group of students at a university in Japan. A total of 2,220 university students (1,276 males, 944 females) volunteered to undergo an oral examination and answer a questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior (e.g., daily frequency of tooth brushing, use of dental floss and regular dental checkups)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594386/the-technology-acceptance-of-a-tv-platform-for-the-elderly-living-alone-or-in-public-nursing-homes
#18
Pedro C Santana-Mancilla, Luis E Anido-Rifón
In Mexico, many seniors are alone for most of the day or live in public nursing homes. Simple interaction with computer systems is required for older people. This is why we propose the exploration of a medium well known by seniors, such as the television (TV). The primary objective of this study is to improve the quality of life of seniors through an easier reminder system, using the television set. A technological platform was designed based on interactive television, through which seniors and their caregivers can have a better way to track their daily activities...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591906/improving-patient-information-are-the-new-media-already-requested-a-questionnaire-study-at-a-gastroenterology-outpatient-clinic
#19
Benjamin M Walter, Roland M Schmid, Stefan von Delius
Background Information provided for patients is an essential factor for communication between patients and health-care professionals. To analyze the most used sources of medical information and requested media for patient information, a questionnaire study was initiated. Methods A single-center questionnaire study at an outpatient clinic at a tertiary care hospital. Two hundred participating patients, average age 54.4 years (1:1.5 m:f). Results were displayed in total and as count per participant (i. e...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591502/-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-among-schoolchildren-from-arandas-jalisco-mexico
#20
Lizette Miranda-Ríos, Edgar M Vásquez-Garibay, Enrique Romero-Velarde, María Eugenia Nuño-Cosío, Liliana Campos-Barrera, Erika A Caro-Sabido, Joanie Ramírez-Díaz
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Mexico was the top country for childhood obesity. The objective was to identify the association between physical activity and sedentary lifestyle with the social and demographic characteristics of families of schoolchildren in Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 192 schoolchildren were randomly selected. Body mass index (BMI), active and sedentary behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics of families were obtained...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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