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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728618/binge-viewing-sleep-and-the-role-of-pre-sleep-arousal
#1
Liese Exelmans, Jan Van den Bulck
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of binge viewing, its association with sleep and examine arousal as an underlying mechanism of this association. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-three adults (aged 18-25 years old, 61.9% female) completed an online survey assessing regular television viewing, binge viewing, sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), fatigue (Fatigue Assessment Scale), insomnia (Bergen Insomnia Scale), and pre-sleep arousal (Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727527/television-watching-and-telomere-length-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#2
Hong-Mei Xue, Qian-Qian Liu, Guo Tian, Li-Ming Quan, Yong Zhao, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To explore the independent associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with telomere length among Chinese adults. METHODS: Data on total time of sedentary behavior, screen-based sedentary behavior (including television watching and computer or phone use), moderate to vigorous physical activity, and dietary intake of 518 adults in Chengdu, Guizhou, and Xiamen in China (54.25% women) aged 20 to 70 years were obtained between 2013 and 2015 through questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725543/exploring-parents-screen-viewing-behaviours-and-sedentary-time-in-association-with-their-attitudes-toward-their-young-child-s-screen-viewing
#3
Emma Solomon-Moore, Simon J Sebire, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Russell Jago
Sedentary time and screen-viewing (SV) are associated with chronic disease risk in adults. Parent and child sedentary time and SV are associated. Parents influence children's SV through parenting styles and role modelling. Understanding whether parents' attitudes toward child SV are associated with their own SV and sedentary time will aid development of family interventions to reduce sedentary behaviours. Cross-sectional data with 809 parents from Bristol, UK were collected in 2012-2013 and analysed in 2016...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724878/relationship-between-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-watching-educational-television-materials-ma%C3%A5-opolska-cardiovascular-preventive-intervention-study-m-capri
#4
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Jakub Podolec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION    The current guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in clinical practice emphasizes on education in media in population-based approaches. OBJECTIVES    To assess the relationship between knowledge of CVD risk factors and watching educational television materials in the adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS    After 22 months of repeated broadcasting of educational television materials, which addressed problems related to CVD, a postal survey was conducted on a random sample of 5000 persons aged 18 years or older...
July 4, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723823/association-between-television-viewing-and-parent-child-reading-in-the-early-home-environment
#5
Kiren S Khan, Kelly M Purtell, Jessica Logan, Arya Ansari, Laura M Justice
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether there is an association between time spent by preschoolers in parent-child shared book reading versus TV viewing in two distinct samples. METHODS: Data were used from both the preschool wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Cohort, a nationally representative sample of 4-year-olds (N = 8900), as well as a low-income, rural sample of children enrolled in the Preschool Experience in Rural Classrooms study (N = 407). Information regarding frequency of shared book reading and daily TV consumption was obtained through caregiver report...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723606/visual-snow-syndrome-and-its-relationship-to-tinnitus
#6
Matthew Renze
Visual snow is a symptom described as the continuous perception of tiny flickering dots in the entire field of vision, similar to static of an analog television. Visual snow syndrome is a cluster of symptoms found highly prevalent in patients that present with visual snow. While most of these symptoms appear to be visual in nature, approximately 63% of patients studied also report continuous bilateral tinnitus. The high correlation of visual-snow-syndrome patients presenting with tinnitus suggests that they may share a common underlying pathophysiology...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#7
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#8
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717755/innovative-breast-cancer-awareness-and-advocacy-campaign
#9
Omolola Salako, Alero A Roberts, Victor I Isibor, Oluwatimilehin Babatunde, Omolara Fatiregun, Chukwumere N Nwogu
Breast cancer is a major disease in Nigeria; in 2012, 27,304 new occurrences were diagnosed, and the number of mortalities was 13,960. Greater than 70% of patients present with advanced disease, which has a poor survival outcome. The mortality rates are high mainly because of a lack of awareness about breast health, screening guidelines, and treatment centers, and because of sociocultural barriers. In Nigeria, health care professionals remain the backbone for the provision of medical information to the public...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710925/an-exploratory-assessment-of-weight-loss-videos-on-youtube%C3%A2
#10
C H Basch, I C-H Fung, A Menafro, C Mo, J Yin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation in contents between different video sources on YouTube™ regarding weight loss. STUDY DESIGN: The 100 most widely viewed weight loss videos on YouTube™ were selected for manual coding. METHODS: Videos were manually coded based on sources and contents, we also identify themes for each of the videos. Univariate logistic regression was used to assess difference in contents between videos from different sources...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705550/tweeting-celebrity-suicides-users-reaction-to-prominent-suicide-deaths-on-twitter-and-subsequent-increases-in-actual-suicides
#11
Michiko Ueda, Kota Mori, Tetsuya Matsubayashi, Yasuyuki Sawada
A substantial amount of evidence indicates that news coverage of suicide deaths by celebrities is followed by an increase in suicide rates, suggesting a copycat behavior. However, the underlying process by which celebrity status and media coverage leads to increases in subsequent suicides is still unclear. This study collected over 1 million individual messages ("tweets") posted on Twitter that were related to 26 prominent figures in Japan who died by suicide between 2010 and 2014 and investigated whether media reports on suicide deaths that generated a greater level of reactions by the public are likely to be followed by a larger increase in actual suicides...
June 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697750/association-of-lifestyle-and-body-structure-to-ocular-axial-length-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#12
Hiroto Terasaki, Takehiro Yamashita, Naoya Yoshihara, Yuya Kii, Taiji Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the lifestyle and body stature are significantly associated with the axial length (AL) of the eyes of Japanese third grade students. METHODS: A prospective, cross sectional, observational study was performed on 122 third grade students consisting of 61 boys and 61 girls ages 8 to 9 years. The AL, body height, body weight, and body mass index (BMI) were measured. The lifestyle was determined by activities such as the daily duration of indoor studying, television viewing, use of computers and smart phones, outdoor activity time, bed time, Japanese or Western dietary habits, and parental myopia were investigated by a questionnaire with three or five grade levels...
July 12, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691513/use-of-social-networking-sites-and-associations-with-skin-tone-dissatisfaction-sun-exposure-and-sun-protection-in-a-sample-of-australian-adolescents
#13
John Mingoia, Amanda D Hutchinson, David H Gleaves, Nadia Corsini, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that greater exposure to traditional media (i.e. television, film, and print) predicted skin cancer risk factors in adolescents; however, the relationship between social media usage and these outcomes remains unexplored. We examined whether social networking site (SNS) usage, and the particular manner of this use, was associated with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure and sun protection among Australian adolescents. We also explored sex differences in SNS usage related to tanning...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690350/impartiality-statistical-tit-for-tats-and-the-construction-of-balance-uk-television-news-reporting-of-the-2016-eu-referendum-campaign
#14
Stephen Cushion, Justin Lewis
There has been greater news industry recognition in recent years that impartiality should not be translated into simply balancing the competing sides of a debate or issue. The binary nature of a referendum campaign represents a unique moment to consider whether broadcasters have put this into practice beyond routine political reporting. This study examines how impartiality was editorially interpreted in television news coverage during the United Kingdom's 2016 European Union referendum. We carried out a systematic content analysis of the United Kingdom's main evening bulletins over the 10-week campaign, examining the issues and sources shaping coverage, as well as all the statistical claims made by campaign actors...
June 2017: Eur J Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688631/are-early-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-related-to-working-memory-at-7-and-14-years-of-age
#15
Mónica López-Vicente, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Jaume Torrent-Pallicer, Joan Forns, Jesús Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Llúcia González, Desirée Valera-Gran, Maties Torrent, Payam Dadvand, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of extracurricular physical activity and sedentary behavior at preschool and primary school age on working memory at primary school age and adolescence, respectively. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study was based on a birth cohort across 4 Spanish regions. In the 3 younger subcohorts (n = 1093), parents reported lifestyle habits of child at age 4 years of age on a questionnaire, and children performed a computerized working memory task at 7 years of age...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683801/prevalence-trajectories-and-determinants-of-television-viewing-time-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-children-from-the-uk
#16
Sally E Barber, Brian Kelly, Paul J Collings, Liana Nagy, Tracey Bywater, John Wright
BACKGROUND: Excessive screen viewing in early childhood is associated with poor physical and psycho-social health and poor cognitive development. This study aimed to understand the prevalence, trajectory and determinants of television viewing time in early childhood to inform intervention development. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, mothers of 1558 children (589 white British, 757 Pakistani heritage, 212 other ethnicities) completed questionnaires when their children were approximately 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months old...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683057/tobacco-use-in-top-grossing-movies-united-states-2010-2016
#17
Michael A Tynan, Jonathan R Polansky, Kori Titus, Renata Atayeva, Stanton A Glantz
The Surgeon General has concluded that there is a causal relationship between depictions of smoking in the movies and the initiation of smoking among young persons (1). The more youths see smoking on screen, the more likely they are to start smoking; youths who are heavily exposed to onscreen smoking imagery are approximately two to three times as likely to begin smoking as are youths who receive less exposure (1,2). A Healthy People 2020 objective is to reduce the proportion of youths exposed to onscreen tobacco marketing in movies and television (Tobacco Use Objective 18...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680386/correlates-of-irregular-family-meal-patterns-among-11-year-old-children-from-the-pro-children-study
#18
Torunn Holm Totland, Markus Dines Knudsen, Mari Mohn Paulsen, Mona Bjelland, Pieter Van't Veer, Johannes Brug, Knut Inge Klepp, Lene Frost Andersen
Background: The importance of family meals to the consumption of healthful food choices has been stated in recent reviews. However, little information is available on barriers that interfere with regular family meal patterns during childhood. Objective: Describe family meal patterns among 11-year-old children across Europe and identify correlates of irregular family breakfast and dinner consumption. Design: Cross-sectional survey involving samples of 13,305 children from nine European countries in 2003. Results: The proportions of children who regularly ate family breakfast and dinner were 62% and 90%, respectively...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675833/evaluation-of-compliance-with-the-spanish-code-of-self-regulation-of-food-and-drinks-advertising-directed-at-children-under-the-age-of-12-years-in-spain-2012
#19
K León-Flández, A Rico-Gómez, M Á Moya-Geromin, M Romero-Fernández, M J Bosqued-Estefania, J Damián, L López-Jurado, M Á Royo-Bordonada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate compliance levels with the Spanish Code of self-regulation of food and drinks advertising directed at children under the age of 12 years (Publicidad, Actividad, Obesidad, Salud [PAOS] Code) in 2012; and compare these against the figures for 2008. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Television advertisements of food and drinks (AFD) were recorded over 7 days in 2012 (8am-midnight) of five Spanish channels popular to children...
July 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674767/use-of-time-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-10-to-13-year-old-children-not-all-screen-time-or-physical-activity-minutes-are-the-same
#20
Margarita D Tsiros, Michelle G Samaras, Alison M Coates, Timothy Olds
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between aspects of time use and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in youth. METHODS: 239 obese and healthy-weight 10- to 13-year-old Australian children completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) quantifying their health-related quality of life. Time use was evaluated over four days using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents (MARCA), a validated 24 h recall tool. The average number of minutes/day spent in physical activity (divided into sport, active transport and play), screen time (divided into television, videogames and computer use), and sleep were calculated...
July 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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