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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148138/artificial-walking-technologies-to-improve-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-multichannel-neuromuscular-stimulation
#1
Jessica Rose, Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Erin E Butler
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability and often results in debilitating walking abnormalities, such as flexed-knee and stiff-knee gait. Current medical and surgical treatments are only partially effective in improving gait abnormalities and may cause significant muscle weakness. However, emerging artificial walking technologies, such as step-initiated, multichannel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), can substantially improve gait patterns and promote muscle strength in children with spastic CP...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148112/big-data-and-data-science-in-healthcare-what-nurses-and-midwives-need-to-know
#2
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor
The evolution of technology in contemporary society has been accelerating in recent decades, with smaller, more interconnected hardware devices and software applications becoming the norm. As desktop computing paved the way for mobile platforms, which are now transitioning to wearable devices and other sensors, it is inevitable these electronic tools will advance into the realm of nanotechnology and biotechnology in the years to come. As the proliferation of information and communication technology continues it has led to a tsunami of digital data (Bates et al, 2014), which is being collected on many aspects of life...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141974/scaling-up-dietary-data-for-decision-making-in-low-income-countries-new-technological-frontiers
#3
REVIEW
Winnie Bell, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Cathleen S Prata, Jennifer C Coates
Dietary surveys in low-income countries (LICs) are hindered by low investment in the necessary research infrastructure, including a lack of basic technology for data collection, links to food composition information, and data processing. The result has been a dearth of dietary data in many LICs because of the high cost and time burden associated with dietary surveys, which are typically carried out by interviewers using pencil and paper. This study reviewed innovative dietary assessment technologies and gauged their suitability to improve the quality and time required to collect dietary data in LICs...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141837/user-acceptance-of-wrist-worn-activity-trackers-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-mixed-method-study
#4
Arjun Puri, Ben Kim, Olivier Nguyen, Paul Stolee, James Tung, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers are newly emerging technologies with the anticipation for successfully supporting aging-in-place. Consumer-grade wearable activity trackers are increasingly ubiquitous in the market, but the attitudes toward, as well as acceptance and voluntary use of, these trackers in older population are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess acceptance and usage of wearable activity trackers in Canadian community-dwelling older adults, using the potentially influential factors as identified in literature and technology acceptance model...
November 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138050/a-systematic-review-on-the-effect-of-serious-games-and-wearable-technology-used-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-traumatic-bone-and-soft-tissue-injuries
#5
REVIEW
Henriëtte A W Meijer, Maurits Graafland, J Carel Goslings, Marlies P Schijven
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects on functional outcomes and treatment adherence of wearable technology and serious games (i.e., interactive computer applications with specific purposes useful in the 'real world') currently applied in physical rehabilitation of patients after traumatic bone and soft tissue injuries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and CINAHL were searched without publication date restrictions for the terms 'wearable', 'serious game', 'videogame' or 'mobile application', and 'rehabilitation', 'exercise therapy' or 'physiotherapy'...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133859/conformal-transistor-arrays-based-on-solution-processed-organic-crystals
#6
Xiaoli Zhao, Bing Zhang, Qingxin Tang, Xueyan Ding, Shuya Wang, Yuying Zhou, Yanhong Tong, Yichun Liu
Conformal transistor array based on solution-processed organic crystals, which can provide sensory and scanning features for monitoring, biofeedback, and tracking of physiological function, presents one of the most promising technologies for future large-scale low-cost wearable and implantable electronics. However, it is still a huge challenge for the integration of solution-processed organic crystals into conformal FETs owing to a generally existing swelling phenomenon of the elastic materials and the lack of the corresponding device fabrication technology...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132639/technical-attributes-health-attribute-consumer-attributes-and-their-roles-in-adoption-intention-of-healthcare-wearable-technology
#7
Min Zhang, Meifen Luo, Rui Nie, Yan Zhang
PURPOSE: This paper aims to explore factors influencing the healthcare wearable technology adoption intention from perspectives of technical attributes (perceived convenience, perceived irreplaceability, perceived credibility and perceived usefulness), health attribute (health belief) and consumer attributes (consumer innovativeness, conspicuous consumption, informational reference group influence and gender difference). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: By integrating technology acceptance model, health belief model, snob effect and conformity and reference group theory, hypotheses and research model are proposed...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130977/effects-of-wearable-sensor-based-balance-and-gait-training-on-balance-gait-and-functional-performance-in-healthy-and-patient-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Katharina Gordt, Thomas Gerhardy, Bijan Najafi, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors (WS) can accurately measure body motion and provide interactive feedback for supporting motor learning. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to summarize current evidence for the effectiveness of WS training for improving balance, gait and functional performance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using a WS exercise program were included...
November 1, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129704/wearable-activity-monitors-in-oncology-trials-current-use-of-an-emerging-technology
#9
REVIEW
Gillian Gresham, Jennifer Schrack, Louise M Gresham, Arvind M Shinde, Andrew E Hendifar, Richard Tuli, B J Rimel, Robert Figlin, Curtis L Meinert, Steven Piantadosi
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is an important outcome in oncology trials. Physical activity is commonly assessed using self-reported questionnaires, which are limited by recall and response biases. Recent advancements in wearable technology have provided oncologists with new opportunities to obtain real-time, objective physical activity data. The purpose of this review was to describe current uses of wearable activity monitors in oncology trials. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for oncology trials involving wearable activity monitors published between 2005 and 2016...
November 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128285/prolonged-and-localized-sweat-stimulation-by-iontophoretic-delivery-of-the-slowly-metabolized-cholinergic-agent-carbachol
#10
Phillip Simmers, S Kevin Li, Gerald Kasting, Jason Heikenfeld
BACKGROUND: Continuous non-invasive sampling and sensing of multiple classes of analytes could revolutionize medical diagnostics and wearable technologies, but also remains highly elusive because of the many confounding factors for candidate biofluids such as interstitial fluid, tears, saliva, and sweat. Eccrine sweat biosensing has seen a recent surge in demonstrations of wearable sampling and sensing devices. However, for subjects at rest, access to eccrine sweat is highly limited and unpredictable compared to saliva and tears...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126580/codebook-based-electrooculography-data-analysis-towards-cognitive-activity-recognition
#11
P Lagodzinski, K Shirahama, M Grzegorzek
With the advancement in mobile/wearable technology, people started to use a variety of sensing devices to track their daily activities as well as health and fitness conditions in order to improve the quality of life. This work addresses an idea of eye movement analysis, which due to the strong correlation with cognitive tasks can be successfully utilized in activity recognition. Eye movements are recorded using an electrooculographic (EOG) system built into the frames of glasses, which can be worn more unobtrusively and comfortably than other devices...
October 28, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125584/review-of-recent-inkjet-printed-capacitive-tactile-sensors
#12
REVIEW
Ahmed Salim, Sungjoon Lim
Inkjet printing is an advanced printing technology that has been used to develop conducting layers, interconnects and other features on a variety of substrates. It is an additive manufacturing process that offers cost-effective, lightweight designs and simplifies the fabrication process with little effort. There is hardly sufficient research on tactile sensors and inkjet printing. Advancements in materials science and inkjet printing greatly facilitate the realization of sophisticated tactile sensors. Starting from the concept of capacitive sensing, a brief comparison of printing techniques, the essential requirements of inkjet-printing and the attractive features of state-of-the art inkjet-printed tactile sensors developed on diverse substrates (paper, polymer, glass and textile) are presented in this comprehensive review...
November 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125425/ethical-and-regulatory-challenges-of-research-using-pervasive-sensing-and-other-emerging-technologies-irb-perspectives
#13
Camille Nebeker, John Harlow, Rebeca Giacinto-Espinoza, Rubi Orozco-Linares, Cinnamon S Bloss, Nadir Weibel
Vast quantities of personal health information and private identifiable information are being created through mobile apps, wearable sensors, and social networks. While new strategies and tools for obtaining health data have expanded researchers' abilities to design and test personalized and adaptive health interventions, the deployment of pervasive sensing and computational techniques to gather research data is raising ethical challenges for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) charged with protecting research participants...
November 10, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122356/wearable-technology-and-physical-activity-in-chronic-disease-opportunities-and-challenges
#14
Siobhan M Phillips, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Dori Rosenberg, Matthew P Buman, Brigid M Lynch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119159/controlled-multimodal-hierarchically-porous-electrode-self-assembly-of-electrochemically-exfoliated-graphene-for-fully-solid-state-flexible-supercapacitor
#15
Nurlia P Sari, Dipak Dutta, Anif Jamaluddin, Jeng-Kuei Chang, Ching-Yuan Su
Supercapacitors constructed from three-dimensional (3D) graphene electrodes with high ion-accessible surface area and durable mechanical flexibility have great potential for wearable devices. For the development of a highly efficient graphene electrode for electrical double layer capacitors (EDLCs), proper control over not only the specific surface area but also the type of pore (macro-, meso- and micro-porous networks) adapted for an appropriate type of electrolyte is crucial to ensure an ideal performance in terms of both energy density and power delivery rate...
November 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118062/wearables-for-promoting-physical-activity
#16
REVIEW
Scott J Strath, Taylor W Rowley
BACKGROUND: The rapid expansion and popularity of consumer-wearable physical activity monitors (WPAMs) has enabled the integration of technology into physical activity (PA) intervention, deployment, and evaluation. This brief review reports on the accuracy of consumer-WPAMs, considers the intervention effects of using consumer-WPAMs, and offers future considerations as the proliferation of this area of product development and consumer use continues to escalate. CONTENT: The studies reviewed document the utility for consumer-WPAMs to objectively assess PA, with output metrics similar to research-grade activity monitors...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117928/brain-activation-in-response-to-personalized-behavioral-and-physiological-feedback-from-self-monitoring-technology-pilot-study
#17
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Andrew P Kingsnorth, Daniele Magistro, Dale W Esliger
BACKGROUND: The recent surge in commercially available wearable technology has allowed real-time self-monitoring of behavior (eg, physical activity) and physiology (eg, glucose levels). However, there is limited neuroimaging work (ie, functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) to identify how people's brains respond to receiving this personalized health feedback and how this impacts subsequent behavior. OBJECTIVE: Identify regions of the brain activated and examine associations between activation and behavior...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109688/weak-relationships-between-stint-duration-physical-and-skilled-match-performance-in-australian-football
#18
David M Corbett, Alice J Sweeting, Sam Robertson
Australian Rules football comprises physical and skilled performance for more than 90 min of play. The cognitive and physiological fatigue experienced by participants during a match may reduce performance. Consequently, the length of time an athlete is on the field before being interchanged (known as a stint), is a key tactic which could maximize the skill and physical output of the Australian Rules athlete. This study developed two methods to quantify the relationship between athlete time on field, skilled and physical output...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108571/wearable-non-invasive-epidermal-glucose-sensors-a-review
#19
Jayoung Kim, Alan S Campbell, Joseph Wang
The growing recent interest in wearable and mobile technologies has led to increased research efforts toward development of non-invasive glucose monitoring platforms. Continuous glucose monitoring addresses the limitations of finger-stick blood testing and provides the opportunity for optimal therapeutic interventions. This article reviews recent advances and challenges toward the development of non-invasive epidermal electrochemical glucose sensing systems. Recent reports claim success in glucose monitoring in human subjects using skin-worn electrochemical sensors...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106311/impact-of-an-automated-bihormonal-delivery-system-on-psychosocial-outcomes-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Danielle Hessler, Lawrence Fisher, Steven J Russell, William H Polonsky
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the psychosocial impact of the bihormonal bionic pancreas (BP) on adults in a real-world outpatient setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty-nine adults with type 1 diabetes at four study centers across the U.S. participated in a two-arm, random-order, crossover design study: 11 days with the BP and 11 days with their usual care (UC). Psychosocial questionnaires were administered before the first study arm, at the end of the first study arm, and at the end of the second study arm...
November 6, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
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