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Wearable technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531157/hybrid-aware-model-for-senior-wellness-service-in-smart-home
#1
Yuchae Jung
Smart home technology with situation-awareness is important for seniors to improve safety and security. With the development of context-aware computing, wearable sensor technology, and ubiquitous computing, it is easier for seniors to manage their health problem in smart home environment. For monitoring senior activity in smart home, wearable, and motion sensors-such as respiration rate (RR), electrocardiography (ECG), body temperature, and blood pressure (BP)-were used for monitoring movements of seniors. For context-awareness, environmental sensors-such as gas, fire, smoke, dust, temperature, and light sensors-were used for senior location data collection...
May 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531141/eyes-of-things
#2
Oscar Deniz, Noelia Vallez, Jose L Espinosa-Aranda, Jose M Rico-Saavedra, Javier Parra-Patino, Gloria Bueno, David Moloney, Alireza Dehghani, Aubrey Dunne, Alain Pagani, Stephan Krauss, Ruben Reiser, Martin Waeny, Matteo Sorci, Tim Llewellynn, Christian Fedorczak, Thierry Larmoire, Marco Herbst, Andre Seirafi, Kasra Seirafi
Embedded systems control and monitor a great deal of our reality. While some "classic" features are intrinsically necessary, such as low power consumption, rugged operating ranges, fast response and low cost, these systems have evolved in the last few years to emphasize connectivity functions, thus contributing to the Internet of Things paradigm. A myriad of sensing/computing devices are being attached to everyday objects, each able to send and receive data and to act as a unique node in the Internet. Apart from the obvious necessity to process at least some data at the edge (to increase security and reduce power consumption and latency), a major breakthrough will arguably come when such devices are endowed with some level of autonomous "intelligence"...
May 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531140/a-cuffless-blood-pressure-measurement-based-on-the-impedance-plethysmography-technique
#3
Shing-Hong Liu, Da-Chuan Cheng, Chun-Hung Su
In the last decade, cuffless blood pressure measurement technology has been widely studied because it could be applied to a wearable apparatus. Electrocardiography (ECG), photo-plethysmography (PPG), and phonocardiography are always used to detect the pulse transit time (PTT) because the changed tendencies of the PTT and blood pressure have a negative relationship. In this study, the PPG signal was replaced by the impedance plethysmography (IPG) signal and was used to detect the PTT. The placement and direction of the electrode array for the IPG measurement were discussed...
May 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531125/characterizing-dynamic-walking-patterns-and-detecting-falls-with-wearable-sensors-using-gaussian-process-methods
#4
Taehwan Kim, Jeongho Park, Seongman Heo, Keehoon Sung, Jooyoung Park
By incorporating a growing number of sensors and adopting machine learning technologies, wearable devices have recently become a prominent health care application domain. Among the related research topics in this field, one of the most important issues is detecting falls while walking. Since such falls may lead to serious injuries, automatically and promptly detecting them during daily use of smartphones and/or smart watches is a particular need. In this paper, we investigate the use of Gaussian process (GP) methods for characterizing dynamic walking patterns and detecting falls while walking with built-in wearable sensors in smartphones and/or smartwatches...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527522/precision-medicine-genomic-profiles-to-individualize-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Oscar E Streeter, Phillip J Beron, Prashant Natarajan Iyer
Precision medicine is the application of genotypic and Omics biomarkers to determine the most appropriate, outcome-driven therapy for individual patients. To determine the best choice of therapy, institutions use significant information technology-enabled data from imaging, electronic medical records, sensors in the clinic/hospitals, and wearable sensors to determine treatment response. With genomic profiling, targets to affect a disease course are continuing to be developed. As clonal mutational prevalence continues to be understood, information can be communicated to patients to inform them that resistance is common, requiring collection of more genetic mutations from patients with further biopsies or blood collection...
May 17, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524900/tumor-treating-fields-nursing-implications-for-an-emerging-technology%C3%A2
#6
Alice Chang
Tumor-treating fields (TTFields) are a new technology used for cancer treatment consisting of battery-powered, insulated electromagnetic transducers that are placed on the scalp. This wearable, adhesive device is a certified physician-prescribed therapy for patients with glioblastoma multiforme, a type of primary brain cancer. TTFields are being used concomitantly with temozolomide (Temodar®) in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and as a monotherapy in patients with recurrent glioblastoma after radiation therapy and chemotherapy...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524449/technical-feasibility-and-safety-of-image-guided-parieto-occipital-ventricular-catheter-placement-with-the-assistance-of-a-wearable-head-up-display
#7
Jang W Yoon, Robert E Chen, Karim ReFaey, Roberto J Diaz, Ronald Reimer, Ricardo J Komotar, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Benjamin L Brown, Robert E Wharen
BACKGROUND: Wearable technology is growing in popularity as a result of its ability to interface with normal human movement and function. METHODS: Using proprietary hardware and software, neuronavigation images were captured and transferred wirelessly via a password-encrypted network to the head-up display. The operating surgeon wore a loupe-mounted wearable head-up display during image-guided parieto-occipital ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in two patients...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508862/nanogenerator-based-dual-functional-and-self-powered-thin-patch-loudspeaker-or-microphone-for-flexible-electronics
#9
Wei Li, David Torres, Ramón Díaz, Zhengjun Wang, Changsheng Wu, Chuan Wang, Zhong Lin Wang, Nelson Sepúlveda
Ferroelectret nanogenerators were recently introduced as a promising alternative technology for harvesting kinetic energy. Here we report the device's intrinsic properties that allow for the bidirectional conversion of energy between electrical and mechanical domains; thus extending its potential use in wearable electronics beyond the power generation realm. This electromechanical coupling, combined with their flexibility and thin film-like form, bestows dual-functional transducing capabilities to the device that are used in this work to demonstrate its use as a thin, wearable and self-powered loudspeaker or microphone patch...
May 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507010/a-systematic-review-of-application-and-effectiveness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-obesity-and-diabetes-treatment-and-self-management
#10
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Hong Xue, Yaqi Huang, Lili Huang, Dongsong Zhang
The use of mobile and wireless technologies and wearable devices for improving health care processes and outcomes (mHealth) is promising for health promotion among patients with chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. This study comprehensively examined published mHealth intervention studies for obesity and diabetes treatment and management to assess their effectiveness and provide recommendations for future research. We systematically searched PubMed for mHealth-related studies on diabetes and obesity treatment and management published during 2000-2016...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500017/tablet-based-well-being-check-for-the-elderly-development-and-evaluation-of-usability-and-acceptability
#11
Pradeep Ray, Junhua Li, Arni Ariani, Vasvi Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Many elderly people prefer to live at home independently. One of the major concerns raised by the family members is the safety and well-being of their elderly family members when living independently in a home environment. To address this issue, assistive technology solutions have been available in the market. Despite their availability and proliferation, these types of solutions are not popular with the elderly due to their intrusive nature, privacy-related issues, social stigma, and fear of losing human interaction...
May 12, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500008/wearable-haptic-systems-for-the-fingertip-and-the-hand-taxonomy-review-and-perspectives
#12
Claudio Pacchierotti, Stephen Sinclair, Massimiliano Solazzi, Antonio Frisoli, Vincent Hayward, Domenico Prattichizzo
In the last decade, we have witnessed a drastic change in the form factor of audio and vision technologies, from heavy and grounded machines to lightweight devices that naturally fit our bodies. However, only recently, haptic systems have started to be designed with wearability in mind. The wearability of haptic systems enables novel forms of communication, cooperation, and integration between humans and machines. Wearable haptic interfaces are capable of communicating with the human wearers during their interaction with the environment they share, in a natural and yet private way...
May 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498233/wearable-sensor-technology-efficacy-in-peripheral-vascular-disease-wstep-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Pasha Normahani, Richard Kwasnicki, Colin Bicknell, Louise Allen, Mike P Jenkins, Richard Gibbs, Nicholas Cheshire, Ara Darzi, Celia Riga
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of using wearable activity monitors (WAMs) in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) within a single-center randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: WAMs allow users to set daily activity targets and monitor their progress. They may offer an alternative treatment to supervised exercise programs (SEPs) for patients with IC. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with IC were recruited and randomized into intervention or control group...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494333/implementing-monitoring-technologies-in-care-homes-for-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-exploration-using-normalization-process-theory
#14
Alex Hall, Christine Brown Wilson, Emma Stanmore, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Ageing societies and a rising prevalence of dementia are associated with increasing demand for care home places. Monitoring technologies (e.g. bed-monitoring systems; wearable location-tracking devices) are appealing to care homes as they may enhance safety, increase resident freedom, and reduce staff burden. However, there are ethical concerns about the use of such technologies, and it is unclear how they might be implemented to deliver their full range of potential benefits...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488918/the-relationship-between-wearable-microtechnology-device-variables-and-cricket-fast-bowling-intensity
#15
Dean J McNamara, Tim J Gabbett, Peter Blanch, Luke Kelly
To date, the monitoring of fast bowling workloads across training and competition environments has been limited to counting total balls bowled. However, bowling at faster velocities is likely to require greater effort while also placing greater load on the bowler. This study investigated the relationship between prescribed effort and microtechnology outputs in fast bowlers to ascertain whether the technology could provide a more refined measure of workload. Twelve high performing fast bowlers (mean ± SD age; 20...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488834/the-efficacy-of-wearable-activity-tracking-technology-as-part-of-a-weight-loss-program-a-systematic-review
#16
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Motel
INTRODUCTION: The world obesity rate has increased over the past two decades. This problem has been linked to inactivity and lack of exercise among individuals which prompted the development of wearable activity tracking technology. This technology is commonly offered as a bracelet, watch, or pendent that provides feedback of daily activity such as total step count, heart rate, and energy expenditure. Despite the popularity of these devices, their efficacy to assist in behavior change and weight loss is still being studied...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488671/actively-addressed-single-pixel-full-colour-plasmonic-display
#17
Daniel Franklin, Russell Frank, Shin-Tson Wu, Debashis Chanda
Dynamic, colour-changing surfaces have many applications including displays, wearables and active camouflage. Plasmonic nanostructures can fill this role by having the advantages of ultra-small pixels, high reflectivity and post-fabrication tuning through control of the surrounding media. However, previous reports of post-fabrication tuning have yet to cover a full red-green-blue (RGB) colour basis set with a single nanostructure of singular dimensions. Here, we report a method which greatly advances this tuning and demonstrates a liquid crystal-plasmonic system that covers the full RGB colour basis set, only as a function of voltage...
May 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487266/assessing-the-impact-of-a-novel-smartphone-application-compared-with-standard-follow-up-on-mobility-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-following-treatment-with-hylan-g-f-20-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Nebojsa Skrepnik, Andrew Spitzer, Roy Altman, John Hoekstra, John Stewart, Richard Toselli
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability in the United States. Although no disease-modifying therapies exist, patients with knee OA who increase walking may reduce risk of functional limitations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of a mobile app (OA GO) plus wearable activity monitor/pedometer (Jawbone UP 24) used for 90 days on the mobility of patients with knee OA treated with hylan G-F 20. METHODS: Patients with knee OA aged 30 to 80 years who were eligible to receive hylan G-F 20 and were familiar with smartphone technology were enrolled in this randomized, multicenter, open-label study...
May 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485567/stretchable-transparent-and-stretch-unresponsive-capacitive-touch-sensor-array-with-selectively-patterned-silver-nanowires-reduced-graphene-oxide-electrodes
#19
Taeyoung Choi, Byeong-Ung Hwang, Bo-Yeong Kim, Tran Quang Trung, Yun Hyoung Nam, Do-Nyun Kim, Kilho Eom, Nae-Eung Lee
Stretchable and transparent touch sensors are essential input devices for future stretchable transparent electronics. Capacitive touch sensors with a simple structure of only two electrodes and one dielectric are an established technology in current rigid electronics. However, the development of stretchable and transparent capacitive touch sensors has been limited due to changes in capacitance resulting from dimensional changes in elastomeric dielectrics and difficulty in obtaining stretchable transparent electrodes that are stable under large strains...
May 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484314/new-generation-emerging-technologies-for-neurorehabilitation-and-motor-assistance
#20
REVIEW
Antonio Frisoli, Massimiliano Solazzi, Claudio Loconsole, Michele Barsotti
This paper illustrates the application of emerging technologies and human-machine interfaces to the neurorehabilitation and motor assistance fields. The contribution focuses on wearable technologies and in particular on robotic exoskeleton as tools for increasing freedom to move and performing Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). This would result in a deep improvement in quality of life, also in terms of improved function of internal organs and general health status. Furthermore, the integration of these robotic systems with advanced bio-signal driven human-machine interface can increase the degree of participation of patient in robotic training allowing to recognize user's intention and assisting the patient in rehabilitation tasks, thus representing a fundamental aspect to elicit motor learning...
December 2016: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
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