keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

current recommendation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149336/military-neurosurgery-socioeconomic-data-benefits-challenges-and-opportunities
#1
Richard Menger, J Will Robbins, Randy Bell
Military conflict and neurosurgery date back to antiquity. Neurosurgery's development is intimately linked with Harvey Cushing's military experience. Previous papers highlighted unique opportunities and socioeconomic challenges facing military neurosurgeons. Here, we provide objective data from military neurosurgeons surrounding these issues.Internet survey responses were solicited from current, separated, and retired military neurosurgeons regarding workforce issues and their perception of military neurosurgery...
November 15, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149323/should-the-dilated-ascending-aorta-be-repaired-at-the-time-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Prem Shekar, Vladimir Ivkovic, Nicholas T Longford, Chuan-Chin Huang, Martin I Sigurdsson, Robert C Neely, Maroun Yammine, Julius I Ejilofor, Vanessa Montiero Vieira, Jasmine T Shahram, Karam M Habchi, Gregory W Malzberg, Peter S Martin, Jordan Bloom, Eric M Isselbacher, J Daniel Muehlschlegel, Thoralf M Sundt, Simon C Body
OBJECTIVES: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital valvular abnormality and frequently presents with accelerated calcific aortic valve disease, requiring aortic valve replacement (AVR) and thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. Supporting evidence for Association Guidelines of aortic dimensions for aortic resection is sparse. We sought to determine whether concurrent repair of dilated or aneurysmal aortic disease during AVR in patients with BAV substantially improves morbidity and mortality outcomes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149222/personalized-medicine-and-hispanic-health-improving-health-outcomes-and-reducing-health-disparities-a-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-workshop-report
#3
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, John Heintzman, Nangel M Lindberg, Rafael Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth Ramos, Ana L Abraído-Lanza, Jonca Bull, Adolph Falcón, Mary Ann McBurnie, Ernest Moy, George Papanicolaou, Ileana L Piña, Jennifer Popovic, Shakira F Suglia, Miguel A Vázquez
Persons of Hispanic/Latino descent may represent different ancestries, ethnic and cultural groups and countries of birth. In the U.S., the Hispanic/Latino population is projected to constitute 29% of the population by 2060. A personalized approach focusing on individual variability in genetics, environment, lifestyle and socioeconomic determinants of health may advance the understanding of some of the major factors contributing to the health disparities experienced by Hispanics/Latinos and other groups in the U...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149140/optimization-of-postoperative-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-with-opioid-dexmedetomidine-combinations-an-updated-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Ke Peng, Juan Zhang, Xiao-Wen Meng, Hua-Yue Liu, Fu-Hai Ji
BACKGROUND: It is still a challenge to optimize postoperative pain management. The effects of adding dexmedetomidine (DEX) to opioid-based postoperative intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of opioid-DEX combinations for postoperative PCA, and a trial sequential analysis (TSA) is utilized to evaluate the robustness of the current evidence. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148974/revealing-the-distribution-of-transmembrane-currents-along-the-dendritic-tree-of-a-neuron-from-extracellular-recordings
#5
Dorottya Cserpán, Domokos Meszéna, Lucia Wittner, Kinga Tóth, István Ulbert, Zoltán Somogyvári, Daniel K Wojcik
Revealing the current source distribution along the neuronal membrane is a key step on the way to understanding neural computations, however, the experimental and theoretical tools to achieve sufficient spatiotemporal resolution for the estimation remain to be established. Here we address this problem using extracellularly recorded potentials with arbitrarily distributed electrodes for a neuron of known morphology. We use simulations of models with varying complexity to validate the proposed method and to give recommendations for experimental applications...
November 17, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148890/changes-in-the-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-nulliparous-women-results-from-the-2006-2010-2011-2013-and-2013-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#6
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
OBJECTIVE: Nulliparous women in the United States have high rates of unintended pregnancy comparable with parous women. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are recommended as first-line contraceptive choices to reduce unintended pregnancy. However, use of LARCs among nulliparous women has been low. This study aims to examine changes in the prevalence of current LARC use among sexually experienced U.S. nulliparous women across the time period of 2006-2010, 2011-2013, and 2013-2015, and examine correlates of use...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148835/2017-white-paper-on-recent-issues-in-bioanalysis-aren-t-bmv-guidance-guidelines-scientific-part-1-lcms-small-molecules-peptides-and-small-molecule-biomarkers
#7
Jan Welink, Eric Yang, Nicola Hughes, Brian Rago, Eric Woolf, Jens Sydor, Laura Coppola, Brad Ackermann, Wenkui Li, Stephen C Alley, Mark Arnold, Isabella Berger, Chad Briscoe, Michael Buonarati, Mark Bustard, Mark Cancilla, Seongeun Julia Cho, Jeff Duggan, Daniela Fraier, Fabio Garofolo, Rachel Green, Sam Haidar, Lucinda Hittle, Akiko Ishii-Watabe, Rafiq Islam, Rand Jenkins, Barry Jones, John Kadavil, Sean Kassim, Olga Kavetska, Olivier Le Blaye, Anita Lee, Hanlan Liu, John Mehl, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Adrien Musuku, Ragu Ramanathan, Yoshiro Saito, Natasha Savoie, Scott Summerfield, Sekhar Surapaneni, Matthew Szapacs, Nilufer Tampal, Tom Verhaeghe, Stephen Vinter, Emma Whale
The 2017 11th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (11th WRIB) took place in Los Angeles/Universal City, California from 3 April 2017 to 7 April 2017 with participation of close to 750 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecule analysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS and ligand-binding assay (LBA) approaches...
November 17, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148427/urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-in-pediatric-patient-four-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Murat Uçar, Metin Demirkaya, Berna Aytaç Vuruşkan, Emin Balkan, Nizamettin Kılıç
BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of bladder is a rare condition in children. Majority of the cases are non-invasive and low grade in this age group. However, there is no follow-up protocol defined for this patient group. The objective of this study is to draw attention to childhood bladder tumors and focus on current recommendations for postoperative follow-up together with our experience with four cases. CASE REPORT: A total of 4 cases aged under the age of 18, who were treated in our clinics between 2001 and 2015 with the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively evaluated...
November 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148145/development-of-undergraduate-gerodontology-courses-in-austria-germany-and-switzerland-2004-2014
#9
I Nitschke, M Neitzel, B A J Sobotta
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: In view of the demographic shift, undergraduate dental students should be prepared for growing numbers of older people and their specific needs. The study examines changes in undergraduate dental teaching in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2004 and 2014. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed in 2004, 2009 and 2014 to all deans and all department heads of Austrian (n = 4), German (n = 30) and Swiss (n = 4) dental schools. RESULTS: Response rates were 51% for deans and 47% for heads of department...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148123/donohue-syndrome-a-review-of-literature-case-series-and-anesthetic-considerations
#10
REVIEW
Alana Kirkwood, Grant Stuart, Louise Harding
BACKGROUND: Donohue syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of insulin resistance, causing a functional defect in insulin receptor function, and affecting the ability of the insulin to bind the receptor. Features include severe hyperinsulinism and fasting hypoglycemia, along with severe failure to thrive despite feeding. An accelerated fasting state results in muscle wasting, decreased subcutaneous fat, and an excess of thick skin. A reduced thoracic diameter is accentuated by increased abdominal distension, which impacts on respiratory reserve...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147971/-antiplatelet-or-anticoagulative-strategies-after-surgical-interventional-valve-treatment
#11
A Jobs, T Stiermaier, S Klotz, I Eitel
At the end of August 2017 the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) published new joint guidelines for the treatment of valvular heart disease. These guidelines incorporate the scientific progress since the last version of the guidelines published in 2012. This article reviews current guideline recommendations for antiplatelet and anticoagulative therapy after surgical/interventional treatment of the aortic and mitral valves and discusses the underlying scientific evidence...
November 16, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147951/satisfaction-with-mental-health-navigation-services-piloting-an-evaluation-with-a-new-scale
#12
Keera N Fishman, Anthony J Levitt, Roula Markoulakis, Staci Weingust
As mental health navigation services continue to be implemented, the need for valid and reliable tools to assess the quality of these services increases. While case managers target individuals with severe mental illness and aim to reduce burden and cost, and increase independence, navigation services target all individuals with a range of mental health and/or substance use issues, with the aim of reducing barriers to treatment and coordinating individualized care. The current study evaluated satisfaction with a navigation service using a new 22-item questionnaire, the Navigation Satisfaction Tool (NAVSAT)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147720/anticoagulation-in-atrial-fibrillation-current-evidence-and-guideline-recommendations
#13
J W Erath, S H Hohnloser
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently encountered sustained arrhythmia with a prevalence of 0.5-10%, depending predominantly on age. The arrhythmia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, mainly due to thromboembolic events including stroke and systemic embolisms. These complications can be effectively prevented with anticoagulation therapy either with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or with non-vitamin K antagonists (NOAC). VKA therapy is effective in preventing strokes but these medications are difficult to use, are associated with significant bleeding risk, and have pharmacokinetic/dynamic properties that make their use cumbersome...
November 17, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147590/paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-in-pregnancy-a-dilemma-in-treatment-and-thromboprophylaxis
#14
Arpan Patel, Athira Unnikrishnan, Martina Murphy, Robert Egerman, Sarah Wheeler, Ashley Richards, John Wingard
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a hematologic disorder characterized by an acquired somatic mutation in the phosphatidylinositol glycan class A gene which leads to a higher risk for increased venous and arterial thrombosis. Current treatment for PNH includes eculizumab. Pregnant patients who have PNH have higher risk for thrombosis and hemorrhage with both pregnancy and their underlying PNH. Treatment frequently poses conundrum. The safety and efficacy of eculizumab during pregnancy and breast feeding have not been extensively studied and contraception has been recommended due to potential for teratogenicity...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147119/psychosocial-factors-predicting-length-of-hospitalization-in-elderly-individuals-with-diabetes-in-selected-hospitals-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences-isfahan-iran-in-2015
#15
Omeleila Baharlooei, Mousa Alavi, Marzieh Adelmehraban
BACKGROUND: Currently, researchers seek to identify factors related to length of hospital stay in elderly in order to reduce burden on the health system. The importance of either physiological or psychological factors in determining health outcomes has been well stablished; however, the possible contribution of psychosocial factors particularly in elderly patients with diabetes is also of special importance. This study aimed to know what psychosocial variables predicts length of hospital stay in elderly patients with diabetes...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146429/routine-screening-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-first-trimester-abortion
#16
Ryan Schlueter, Andrea Siu, James Shelton, Men-Jean Lee
Currently no recommendation exists to collect genital culture for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae at diagnosis of spontaneous abortion. A retrospective cross sectional study was performed to identify first trimester abortions with concurrent genital culture collection in an emergency room setting. The results were compared to most current 2015 Center for Disease Control (CDC) statistics. Among women aged 15-24 the rate of C. trachomatis was increased to 20.0% and greater than CDC rate of 6.7% (RR 2...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146140/patient-experiences-of-dietary-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#17
Jaimon T Kelly, Katrina L Campbell, Tammy Hoffmann, Dianne P Reidlinger
OBJECTIVE: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) contend with complex dietary recommendations. The challenge in practice is for clinicians to provide individualized support with the frequency and consistency required to sustain dietary changes. This study aimed to describe the experiences of patients with managing dietary recommendations, including their perspectives on the potential to use telehealth to support dietary management in CKD. DESIGN: Focus group study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#18
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146101/nutrition-epidemiology-of-flavan-3-ols-the-known-unknowns
#19
REVIEW
Gunter G C Kuhnle
Nutritional epidemiology has an important role, as it can provide long-term data from large populations and does not rely on surrogate markers for morbidity/mortality. Meaningful interpretation and applications of outcomes from epidemiological studies depend on the accurate assessment of dietary intake, which is currently mainly based on a combination of self-reporting and food composition data. Flavan-3-ols are a group of bioactives (non-essential dietary components with significant impact on health) that is a possible candidate for the development of dietary recommendations...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146038/microbiological-monitoring-of-medical-devices-after-cleaning-disinfection-and-sterilisation
#20
Rosa María Blázquez-Garrido, Eva Cuchí-Burgos, Carmen Martín-Salas, Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa
The use of reusable semi-critical devices has been extended in current medical practice for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. However, reuse of these instruments carries the risk of cross-transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another. The process of cleaning and disinfecting these devices is complex, long, expensive and very error-prone. This paper analyses the epidemiological aspects of infections associated with the reuse of semi-critical devices and the role of the Microbiology laboratory in monitoring the cleaning and disinfecting process through microbiological controls...
November 13, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
keyword
keyword
52786
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"