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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931184/-modern-interdisciplinary-management-of-a-uretero-iliac-artery-fistula-case-report
#1
D Benedix, F Meyer, F Fischbach, A Janitzky, Z Halloul
Introduction Abnormal links between the arterial system and other luminal systems are a challenge to those in charge of their adequate diagnostic and therapeutic management. Objective Scientific case report on an individual who underwent successful treatment combining vascular-surgical and interventional radiology techniques for a rare right uretero-iliac artery fistula based on personal clinical experience, a selective literature research and a detailed discussion of current recommendations for diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment...
September 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931095/-new-recommendations-in-oncocardiology
#2
Csaba András Nagy, Mária Lódi, Ingrid Balogh, Dániel Czuriga, Judit Kocsis
It is well-known that modern oncotherapy significantly reduced the mortality of malignant diseases. However, serious side effects of the applied cancer therapies have evolved, which may adversely affect the cardiovascular system. Early side effects often limit therapeutic success of oncotherapy and may require treatment interruption, while late-onset side effects can adversely influence the long-term survival of patients recovering from cancer. Oncocardiology is a new medical field gaining more and more attention...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930806/management-of-leimyosarcoma-a-survey-among-members-of-the-korean-gynecologic-oncology-group
#3
Mi Kyoung Kim, Taek Sang Lee, Jae-Weon Kim, Jong-Min Lee, Beob Jong Kim, Seok Ju Seong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate current clinical management of leiomyosarcoma (LMS) in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a Web-based survey among members of the Korean Gynecologic Oncology Group regarding their treatment of LMS. RESULTS: In total, 77 (27.8%) of 277 members responded to the survey. For surgical treatment of stage I LMS, 26.8% indicated total hysterectomy only and 16.9% indicated total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930790/photography-in-dermatologic-surgery-selection-of-an-appropriate-lighting-solution-for-a-particular-clinical-application
#4
Brian R Chen, Emily Poon, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: Lighting is an important component of consistent, high-quality dermatologic photography. There are different types of lighting solutions available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate currently available lighting equipment and methods suitable for procedural dermatology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overhead lighting, built-in camera flashes, external flash units, studio strobes, and light-emitting diode (LED) light panels were evaluated with regard to their utility for dermatologic surgeons...
September 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930698/2d-and-3d-ct-radiomics-features-prognostic-performance-comparison-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Chen Shen, Zhenyu Liu, Min Guan, Jiangdian Song, Yucheng Lian, Shuo Wang, Zhenchao Tang, Di Dong, Lingfei Kong, Meiyun Wang, Dapeng Shi, Jie Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2D and 3D radiomics features prognostic performance differences in CT images of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHOD: We enrolled 588 NSCLC patients from three independent cohorts. Two sets of 463 patients from two different institutes were used as the training cohort. The remaining cohort with 125 patients was set as the validation cohort. A total of 1014 radiomics features (507 2D features and 507 3D features correspondingly) were assessed...
September 17, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930639/50-years-of-research-in-ards-tidal-volume-selection-in-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#6
Sarina K Sahetya, Jordi Mancebo, Roy G Brower
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is critical in the management of many patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, MV can also cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The selection of an appropriate tidal volume is an essential part of a lung-protective MV strategy. Since the publication of a large randomized clinical trial demonstrating the benefit of lower tidal volumes, the use of tidal volumes of 6 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW, based on sex and height) has been recommended in clinical practice guidelines...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930316/general-optimization-procedure-towards-the-design-of-a-new-family-of-minimal-parameter-spin-component-scaled-double-hybrid-density-functional-theory
#7
Loïc M Roch, Kim K Baldridge
A general optimization procedure towards the development and implementation of a new family of minimal parameter spin-component-scaled double-hybrid (mSD) density functional theory (DFT) is presented. The nature of the proposed exchange-correlation functional establishes a methodology with minimal empiricism. This new family of double-hybrid (DH) density functionals is demonstrated using the PBEPBE functional, illustrating the optimization procedure to the mSD-PBEPBE method, and the performance characteristics shown for a set of non-covalent complexes covering a broad regime of weak interactions...
September 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930272/antimicrobial-activity-of-some-essential-oils-present-status-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Sonam Chouhan, Kanika Sharma, Sanjay Guleria
Extensive documentation on the antimicrobial properties of essential oils and their constituents has been carried out by several workers. Although the mechanism of action of a few essential oil components has been elucidated in many pioneering works in the past, detailed knowledge of most of the compounds and their mechanism of action is still lacking. This knowledge is particularly important for the determination of the effect of essential oils on different microorganisms, how they work in combination with other antimicrobial compounds, and their interaction with food matrix components...
August 8, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930252/qigong-and-fibromyalgia-circa-2017
#9
REVIEW
Jana Sawynok, Mary E Lynch
Qigong is an internal art practice with a long history in China. It is currently characterized as meditative movement (or as movement-based embodied contemplative practice), but is also considered as complementary and alternative exercise or mind-body therapy. There are now six controlled trials and nine other reports on the effects of qigong in fibromyalgia. Outcomes are related to amount of practice so it is important to consider this factor in overview analyses. If one considers the 4 trials (201 subjects) that involve diligent practice (30-45 min daily, 6-8 weeks), there are consistent benefits in pain, sleep, impact, and physical and mental function following the regimen, with benefits maintained at 4-6 months...
June 6, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930155/identification-of-agents-active-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-usa300-from-a-clinical-compound-library
#10
Hongxia Niu, Rebecca Yee, Peng Cui, Lili Tian, Shuo Zhang, Wanliang Shi, David Sullivan, Bingdong Zhu, Wenhong Zhang, Ying Zhang
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) poses a significant threat for effective treatment of several difficult-to-treat infections in humans. To identify potential new treatment options for MRSA infections, we screened a clinical compound library consisting of 1524 compounds using a growth inhibition assay in 96-well plates. We identified 34 agents which are either bacteriostatic or bactericidal against log-phase clinical MRSA strain USA300. Among them, 9 candidates (thonzonium, cetylpyridinium, trilocarban, benzododecinium, bithionol, brilliant green, chlorquinaldol, methylbenzethonium and green violet) are known antiseptics, 11 candidates are known antibiotics currently recommended for the treatment of MRSA...
September 20, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930139/critical-analysis-on-characterization-systemic-effect-and-therapeutic-potential-of-beta-sitosterol-a-plant-derived-orphan-phytosterol
#11
REVIEW
Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed, Selim Muhammad Rezaul Karim, Tasnuva Sharmin, Mohammed Monzur Morshed
Beta-sitosterol (BS) is a phytosterol, widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom and known to be involved in the stabilization of cell membranes. To compile the sources, physical and chemical properties, spectral and chromatographic analytical methods, synthesis, systemic effects, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic potentials, toxicity, drug delivery and finally, to suggest future research with BS, classical as well as on-line literature were studied. Classical literature includes classical books on ethnomedicine and phytochemistry, and the electronic search included Pubmed, SciFinder, Scopus, the Web of Science, Google Scholar, and others...
November 15, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930104/liver-transplantation-in-the-obese-cirrhotic-patient
#12
Erin K Spengler, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Helen S Te, Shari Rogal, Anjana A Pillai, Abdullah Al-Osaimi, Archita Desai, James N Fleming, Daniel Ganger, Anil Seetharam, Georgios Tsoulfas, Martin Montenovo, Jennifer C Lai
Despite the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity in the transplant population, the optimal management of obese liver transplant candidates remains undefined. Setting strict body mass index cutoffs for transplant candidacy remains controversial, with limited data to guide this practice. Body mass index is an imperfect measure of surgical risk in this population, partly due to volume overload and variable visceral adiposity. Weight loss before transplantation may be beneficial, but it remains important to avoid protein calorie malnutrition and sarcopenia...
October 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930050/tattooing-or-not-a-review-of-current-practice-and-outcomes-for-laparoscopic-colonic-resection-following-endoscopy-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#13
François Letarte, Mitch Webb, Manoj Raval, Ahmer Karimuddin, Carl J Brown, P Terry Phang
BACKGROUND: Because small colonic tumours may not be visualized or palpated during laparoscopy, location of the lesion must be identified before surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the current recommendation of endoscopic tattooing of lesions prior to laparoscopic colonic resections. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent elective laparoscopic resection for a colonic lesion at a single tertiary institution between 2013 and 2015 were identified for chart review...
October 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930048/is-current-preoperative-frailty-assessment-adequate
#14
Gilgamesh Eamer, Jennifer A Gibson, Chelsia Gillis, Amy T Hsu, Marian Krawczyk, Emily MacDonald, Reid Whitlock, Rachel G Khadaroo
Preoperative frailty predicts adverse postoperative outcomes. Recommendations for preoperative assessment of elderly patients include performing a frailty assessment. Despite the advantages of incorporating frailty assessment into surgical settings, there is limited research on surgical health care professionals' perception and use of frailty assessment for perioperative care. We surveyed local health care employees to assess their attitudes toward and practices for frail patients. Nurses and allied health professionals were more likely than surgeons to agree frailty should play a role in planning a patient's care...
October 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929851/the-transformative-power-of-social-media-considerations-for-practice-and-emerging-leaders
#15
Richard G Booth, Gillian Strudwick, Robert Fraser
Social media has transformed how people communicate both in non-healthcare and healthcare-specific settings. Due to social media's growing importance in society, it is likely that this form of communication will reshape various elements of how healthcare is conceptualized, managed, and delivered. To explore this emerging issue, this article describes the current use of social media in healthcare and examines the future digital transformation of healthcare. Finally, recommendations toward leveraging social media, and how emerging leaders can act as digital stewards to inform future healthcare environments, are also provided...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929816/which-inhaled-corticosteroid-and-long-acting-%C3%AE-agonist-combination-is-better-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-asthma-a-dry-powder-inhaler-or-a-pressurized-metered-dose-inhaler
#16
Masato Muraki, Kyuya Gose, Soichiro Hanada, Hirochiyo Sawaguchi, Yuji Tohda
Two main types of devices are used to facilitate the administration of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting β-agonist (LABA) in combination, dry powder inhalers (DPIs) and pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs). There are few reports comparing the effects of the two devices, and it is unknown which should be recommended for asthma patients with given sets of characteristics. In the current study, the beneficial effects and side effects associated with DPIs and pMDIs were compared, and the question of which device should be recommended for asthma patients was investigated...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929456/the-relationship-between-co2-emission-energy-consumption-and-economic-growth-in-malaysia-a-three-way-linkage-approach
#17
Chindo Sulaiman, A S Abdul-Rahim
This study examines the three-way linkage relationships between CO2 emission, energy consumption and economic growth in Malaysia, covering the 1975-2015 period. An autoregressive distributed lag approach was employed to achieve the objective of the study and gauged by dynamic ordinary least squares. Additionally, vector error correction model, variance decompositions and impulse response functions were employed to further examine the relationship between the interest variables. The findings show that economic growth is neither influenced by energy consumption nor by CO2 emission...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929454/antihypertensive-therapies-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#18
REVIEW
Elsayed Z Soliman, Ronald J Prineas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is widely accepted that successful lowering of blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension leads to regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, whether differences exist among pharmacological BP-lowering therapies is debated. In this report, we discuss these differences in light of recent literature and the position of extant practice guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies comparing the effects of antihypertensive classes on LVH regression reached different conclusions, but the overall direction which is reflected in current society guidelines is that successful lowering of BP is more important than selection of an individual antihypertensive class...
September 19, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929357/risk-based-bioequivalence-recommendations-for-antiepileptic-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Zhichuan Li, Lanyan Fang, Wenlei Jiang, Myong-Jin Kim, Liang Zhao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the current FDA practice in developing risk- and evidence-based product-specific bioequivalence guidances for antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). RECENT FINDINGS: FDA's product-specific guidance (PSG) for AEDs takes into account the therapeutic index of each AED product. Several PSGs for AEDs recommend fully replicated studies and a reference-scaled average bioequivalence (RS-ABE) approach that permit the simultaneous equivalence comparison of the mean and within-subject variability of the test and reference products...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929121/differential-and-combined-effects-of-physical-activity-profiles-and-prohealth-behaviors-on-diabetes-prevalence-among-blacks-and-whites-in-the-us-population-a-novel-bayesian-belief-network-machine-learning-analysis
#20
Azizi A Seixas, Dwayne A Henclewood, Aisha T Langford, Samy I McFarlane, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
The current study assessed the prevalence of diabetes across four different physical activity lifestyles and infer through machine learning which combinations of physical activity, sleep, stress, and body mass index yield the lowest prevalence of diabetes in Blacks and Whites. Data were extracted from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) dataset from 2004-2013 containing demographics, chronic diseases, and sleep duration (N = 288,888). Of the total sample, 9.34% reported diabetes (where the prevalence of diabetes was 12...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
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